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Marvel Entertainment, LLC (formerly Marvel Enterprises and Toy Biz, Inc., and marketed and stylized as MARVEL) is an American entertainment company founded in June 1998 and based in New York City, formed by the merger of Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc. and ToyBiz. The company is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company, and is mainly known for its Marvel Comics, Marvel Animation, and Marvel Television
Television
units. Marvel Studios, formerly under the Marvel umbrella, became a subsidiary of The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios, where it develops and produces a shared universe that shares continuity with shows produced by the television unit. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
acquired Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
for US$4 billion;[2] it has been a limited liability company (LLC) since then. For financial reporting purposes, Marvel is primarily reported as part of Disney's Consumer Products segment ever since Marvel Studios reorganization into Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios.[3] Over the years, Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
has entered into several partnerships and negotiations with other companies across a variety of businesses. As of 2018[update], Marvel has film licensing agreements with 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
(for X-Men
X-Men
films and Fantastic Four
Fantastic Four
films), Sony Pictures (for Spider-Man
Spider-Man
films), and Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
(a right of first refusal to pick up the distribution rights to any future Hulk films produced by Marvel Studios), and a theme park licensing agreement with Universal Parks & Resorts (for specific Marvel character rights at Islands of Adventure
Islands of Adventure
and Universal Studios Japan).[4] Aside from their contract with Universal Parks & Resorts, Marvel's characters and properties have also appeared at Walt Disney Parks and Resorts.[5]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc.

1.1.1 Public offering and acquisition 1.1.2 Marvel Studios
Marvel Studios
and bankruptcy

1.2 Marvel Enterprises 1.3 Marvel Entertainment

1.3.1 Disney subsidiary (2009–present)

2 Units

2.1 Divisions 2.2 Subsidiaries 2.3 Former

3 Executives

3.1 Chairman 3.2 CEO 3.3 President 3.4 Others

4 Productions

4.1 Television

4.1.1 Animated 4.1.2 Live-action

4.2 Film 4.3 Video games

5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc.[edit]

Marvel Property, Inc.[6][7]

Formerly called

Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc.

Former type

Subsidiary

Traded as NYSE:MRV

Industry Entertainment

Genre Superhero

Fate Business operations merged with Toy Biz.

Successor Marvel Enterprises

Founded December 2, 1986; 31 years ago (1986-12-02)

Defunct June 1998; 19 years ago (1998-06)[1]

Products Comics

Services Licensing

Parent

Cadence Industries
Cadence Industries
(1968–1986) New World Pictures
New World Pictures
(1986–1989) Andrews Group (1989–1993) Marvel Holdings, Inc. (1994–1997) Icahn Enterprises (1997)

Divisions

Marvel Films (1993–1996) Marvel Enterprise (1997–1998)

Subsidiaries

Marvel Productions
Marvel Productions
(1986–1989) Fleer
Fleer
(1992–1998) ToyBiz
ToyBiz
(1993–1998) Heroes World Distribution (1994–1996) Panini (1994–1998) SkyBox International (1995–1998) Marvel Studios
Marvel Studios
(1996–1998)

Website marvel.com

Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc. (Marvel or MEG), incorporated on 000000001986-12-02-0000December 2, 1986[6] as the parent company of Marvel Comics
Comics
and Marvel Productions, was put up for sale as part of the liquidation of its then parent corporation, Cadence Industries, and sold in 1986 to New World Pictures.[8] On January 6, 1989, Ronald Perelman's MacAndrews & Forbes
Forbes
Holdings group of companies bought Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group from New World for $82.5 million,[9] not including Marvel Productions, which was folded into New World's TV and movie business.[8] "It is a mini-Disney in terms of intellectual property," said Perelman. "Disney's got much more highly recognized characters and softer characters, whereas our characters are termed action heroes. But at Marvel we are now in the business of the creation and marketing of characters."[1] Public offering and acquisition[edit] Marvel made an initial public offering of 40% of the stock (ticker symbol NYSE:MRV) on July 15, 1991, giving $40 million from the proceeds to Andrews Group, Marvel's then direct parent corporation within MacAndrews & Forbes
Forbes
Holdings.[9][10] Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group then began expanding with acquisitions and forming new divisions. Marvel purchased the trading card company Fleer on July 24, 1992.[9] On April 30, 1993, Marvel acquired 46% of ToyBiz, for the rights to make Marvel toys.[9] The Andrews Group named Avi Arad of ToyBiz
ToyBiz
as the president and CEO of the Marvel Films division and of New World Family Filmworks, Inc., a New World Entertainment subsidiary.[11] In 1993 and 1994, Marvel's holding companies, Marvel Holdings, Inc. and Marvel Parent Holdings, Inc., were formed between Andrews Group and MEG and issued over half a billion dollars in bonds under the direction of Perelman, secured by Marvel's rising stock, which was passed up in dividends to Perlman's group of companies.[12] Marvel continued making acquisitions with Panini, an Italian sticker-maker on August 4, 1994 for $158.4 million, and SkyBox International on March 8, 1995 for $150 million.[9] Marvel also purchased Heroes World Distribution, a regional distributor to comic-book shops on Dec. 28, 1994.[9] Marvel's attempt to distribute its products directly led to a decrease in sales and aggravated the losses which Marvel suffered when the comic book bubble[13] popped, the 1994 Major League Baseball strike massacred the profits of the Fleer
Fleer
unit,[14] and Panini, whose revenue depended largely on Disney licensing, was hobbled by poor Disney showings at the box office.[15] Marvel Studios
Marvel Studios
and bankruptcy[edit] While licensing revenue reached $50 million in 1995, MEG laid off 275 employees on January 4, 1996,[16] as losses for the 1995 year were $48.4 million.[9] On November 12, 1996 Perelman offered to have the Andrews Group purchase additional shares with an issue for $350 million in November 1996 (the "Andrews Plan"), which would have required ToyBiz
ToyBiz
to become a wholly owned subsidiary of Marvel. Meanwhile, Carl Icahn
Carl Icahn
began buying Marvel's bonds at 20% of their value and moved to block Perelman's plan. The Marvel group of companies filed for bankruptcy on December 27, 1996, but the noteholders, led by Icahn, initially blocked this.[1][9] In August 1996, Marvel created Marvel Studios, an incorporation of Marvel Films, due to the sale of its film and TV sister company, New World Communications Group, to News Corporation. Filing with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission to raise money to finance the new corporation, Marvel, Isaac Perlmutter's Zib, Inc. and Avi Arad
Avi Arad
sold Toy Biz
Toy Biz
stocks, which Marvel had started and took public in February 1995.[17][18] Icahn fought to take control of the company from Perelman.[15] The court ruled on February 26, 1997 that Icahn could foreclose on a controlling interest in Marvel shares put up for collateral for the company's bonds.[9] On April 28, 1997, ToyBiz
ToyBiz
and Marvel agreed to a plan supported by Chase Bank that would merge the two companies, grant then lenders a $250 million loan proceeds, a 5-year, $170 million note, 28% of merged entity's equity and all stock in subsidiaries Fleer/SkyBox and Panini subsidiaries with Marvel shareholders receiving two sets of stock warrants.[19] Finally Icahn took control of Marvel's board and became Marvel's chairman on June 20.[9] Bankruptcy proceedings continued with multi-way arguments among Perelman, Icahn, Toy Biz, and the banks.[1] A plan for reorganization agreed to by Icahn and the MEG's secured creditors fell apart on October 8 with the introduction of the better Toy Biz
Toy Biz
plan. The Bankruptcy Court on December 24 appointed a trustee to oversee the company.[9] In June 1997, Marvel formed its Marvel Enterprise division, headed by president and CEO Scott C. Marden, to manage its trading card and sticker businesses, as well as Marvel Interactive, an Internet-entertainment and software-publishing company.[20] A lawsuit by bond holders and Marvel's litigation trustees was filed in 1997, accusing Perelman and other Marvel Board Directors of diverting $553.5 million in proceeds from 1993 and 1994 notes to other MacAndrews & Forbes
Forbes
Holdings' companies, prior to Marvel's 1996 bankruptcy. The lawsuit asked for $471 million in damages. The appellate court ruled that, “None of the proceeds went to Marvel, or were used for Marvel’s benefit”, but instead improperly enriched the directors. While denying any wrongdoing, Perelman agreed in August 2008 to settle for $80 million, which the trustees accepted. The settlement fund, after paying off trustees' and legal fees, administrative expenses and a $2 million loan, had $50 million to distribute to some Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group shareholders and unsecured creditors.[12] On February 18, 1998, Marvel collaborated with Universal Parks & Resorts to open up Marvel Mania Restaurant at Universal Studios Hollywood in Los Angeles, California,[21] as well as Planet Hollywood. However, Planet Hollywood
Planet Hollywood
had financial problems due to expanding too quickly, and closed Marvel Mania less than a year later.[22] Another Toy Biz
Toy Biz
reorganization plan supported by the most creditors is submitted to the court on February 13, 1998. New York Stock Exchange stops trading of Marvel stock on April 17.[9] Toy Biz
Toy Biz
owners Ike Perlmutter and Avi Arad, with the banks on their side, snatched Marvel from Perelman and Icahn, in order to protect their own financial interests.[15] Retailer and columnist Chuck Rozanski
Chuck Rozanski
estimated that Perelman made $200 to $400 million from Marvel,[23] while Forbes magazine believes he made nothing;[24] and the judge in the Marvel bankruptcy trial estimated that Perelman made $280 million plus various tax advantages.[15] The judge ousted Icahn as Marvel's chairman in December 1997, naming a trustee to run Marvel while discussion continued between the various factions.[1] Marvel Enterprises[edit] ToyBiz
ToyBiz
and Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group were merged into Marvel Enterprises to bring it out of bankruptcy in June 1998.[1] In February 1999, Fleer/Skybox was sold to a corporation owned by Alex and Roger Grass, a father and son, for US$30 million.[25] Later, the rights to names like "Spider-Man" were being challenged. Toy Biz
Toy Biz
hired an attorney to review its license agreement. Los Angeles patent attorney Carole E. Handler found a legal loophole in the licensing of the Marvel name and was successful in reclaiming Marvel Enterprises' movie rights to its character Spider-Man.[26][27][28] Marvel Enterprise organized itself into four major units, Marvel Studios, Toy Biz, Licensing
Licensing
and Publishing, while in November 1999 adding Marvel Characters Group to manage Marvel's IP and oversee marketing.[29] Marvel named its Marvel New Media president, Steve Milo, in November 2000 to oversee its website.[30] In 2003, Bill Stine purchased back Quest Aerospace, a 1995 Toy Biz acquisition, from Marvel.[31] In summer 2003, Marvel places an offer for Artisan Entertainment.[32] A new unit, Marvel International, was set up in London under a president, Bruno Maglione, to extend the company's operation and presence in major overseas markets in November 2003.[33] In December 2003, Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
acquired Cover Concepts from Hearst Communications, Inc.[34] In November 2004, Marvel consolidated its children's sleepwear-apparel licensing business with American Marketing Enterprises, Inc.[35] In November 2004, the corporation sued South Korea-based NCSoft Corp. and San Jose, California-based Cryptic Studios Inc. over possible trademark infringement in their City of Heroes massive multiplayer online game.[36] Marvel settled a film-royalties lawsuit in April 2005 with its former editor-in-chief and publisher, Stan Lee, paying him $10 million and negotiating an end to his royalties.[37] Marvel Entertainment[edit] In September 2005, Marvel Enterprises changed its name to Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
to reflect the corporation's expansion into financing its own movie slate.[38][39] In 2007, several Stan Lee
Stan Lee
Media related groups filed lawsuits against Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
for $1 billion and for Lee's Marvel creations in multiple states most of which have been dismissed.[40] Additionally, a lawsuit over ownership of the character Ghost Rider
Ghost Rider
was filed on March 30, 2007, by Gary Friedrich
Gary Friedrich
and Gary Friedrich
Gary Friedrich
Enterprises, Inc.[41] Disney subsidiary (2009–present)[edit] On August 31, 2009, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
announced a deal to acquire Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
for $4.24 billion, with Marvel shareholders to receive $30 and approximately 0.745 Disney shares for each share of Marvel they own.[42] The voting occurred on December 31, 2009 and the merger was approved.[2][43] The acquisition of Marvel was finalized hours after the shareholder vote, therefore giving Disney full ownership of Marvel Entertainment.[44] The company was delisted from the New York Stock Exchange
New York Stock Exchange
under its ticker symbol (MVL), due to the closing of the deal. On June 2, 2010 Marvel announced that it promoted Joe Quesada
Joe Quesada
to Chief Creative Officer of Marvel Entertainment.[45] In June 2010, Marvel set up a television division headed by Jeph Loeb
Jeph Loeb
as executive vice president.[46] Three months later, Smith & Tinker licensed from Marvel the character rights for a superhero digital collectible game for Facebook and Apple's mobile platform.[47] On October 1, 2010, Marvel moved its offices to a 60,000-square-foot (5,600 m2) suite at 135 W. 50th Street, New York City, New York, under a nine-year sublease contract.[48] Stan Lee
Stan Lee
Media's lawsuit against Marvel was dismissed again in February 2011.[40][49] In March 2013, Feld Entertainment
Entertainment
agreed with Marvel to produce a Marvel Character-based live arena show. Marvel was also launching a new pop culture and lifestyle web show, “Earth’s Mightiest Show”.[50] On August 22, 2013, Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
announced that it was working with Hero Ventures on The Marvel Experience, a traveling production/attraction.[51] In April 2014, Hong Kong Disneyland announced the construction of Iron Man Experience, the first Marvel ride at any Disney theme park. It opened in 2017 and was built on a location in the park's Tomorrowland.[52] On September 16, 2009,[53] the Jack Kirby
Jack Kirby
estate served notices of termination to Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Studios, 20th Century Fox, Universal Pictures, Paramount Pictures, and Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
to attempt to gain control of various Silver Age Marvel characters.[54][55] Marvel sought to invalidate those claims.[56][57] In mid-March 2010 Kirby's estate "sued Marvel to terminate copyrights and gain profits from [Kirby's] comic creations."[58] In July 2011, the United States
United States
District Court for the Southern District of New York issued a summary judgment in favor of Marvel,[53][59] which was affirmed in August 2013 by the United States
United States
Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.[60] The Kirby estate filed a petition on March 21, 2014 for a review of the case by the Supreme Court of the United States,[61][62] but a settlement was reached on September 26, 2014 and the family requested that the petition be dismissed.[63] In October 2017, Ron Richards began working at Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
as Vice President and Managing Editor of New Media,[64] while Marvel Digital freelance on-air host Lorraine Cink was hired as Senior Creative Producer.[65] Marvel New Media expanded into a new field with the development of a scripted podcast series, Wolverine: The Long Night, announced on December 5, 2017.[66] On December 7, 2017, Marvel announced its Marvel Rising
Marvel Rising
franchise focusing on new characters as youngsters starting with animation in 2018. Marvel Comics
Comics
is expected to publish material for Marvel Rising, but delayed any announcement on their material.[67] Units[edit] The company's operating units, as of 2015, include: Divisions[edit]

Marvel Custom Solutions, customized comic books[68] Marvel New Media (also called Marvel Digital)[65] unit consists of the company's website, online video series[64] and podcast.[66] Ron Richards is Vice President and Managing Editor of New Media.[64] Digital shows under New Media are THWIP! The Big Marvel Show, The Marvel Minute, Marvel LIVE! and Marvel Top 10.[65]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Asgard Productions LLC (Delaware) Cover Concepts, Inc.[34] Green Guy Toons LLC (Delaware) Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
International Limited (United Kingdom) Marvel Film
Film
Productions LLC (Delaware) Marvel Internet
Internet
Productions LLC (Delaware) Marvel Television
Television
(2010–) television production division[69]

Marvel Animation, Inc. (2008–): Subsidiary charged with oversight of Marvel's animation productions.[70][71]

Marvel Animation
Animation
Studios[72][73]

Marvel Toys
Marvel Toys
Limited (Hong Kong) Marvel Worldwide, Inc. publisher of Marvel Comics MRV, Inc. (Delaware) MVL International C.V. (The Netherlands) MVL Film
Film
Finance LLC: holder of Marvel's Movie debt and theatrical film rights to the twelve characters and supporting characters as collateral.[7][74] MVL Iron Works Productions Canada, Inc. (Province of Ontario) MVL Incredible Productions Canada, Inc. (Province of Ontario) Squad Productions LLC (Delaware)[75]

Intellectual property holding companies

Iron Works Productions LLC, movie rights subsidiary Incredible Productions LLC (Delaware), movie rights subsidiary[7] Marvel Characters, Inc.: subsidiary holding general rights of all Marvel Comics
Comics
characters

MVL Rights, LLC: subsidiary holding Marvel Comics
Comics
characters' movie rights (film slate contracted with MVL Film
Film
Finance LLC)[76][77]

Marvel Characters B.V. (The Netherlands) Marvel International Character Holdings LLC (Delaware) Marvel Property, Inc. (Delaware) incorporated 12/2/1986[6] (formerly Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc.[7]) MVL Development LLC (Delaware), rights subsidiary

Former[edit]

Marvel Toys
Marvel Toys
(formerly Toy Biz) (1984–2007) Marvel Merchandising department/ Heroes World Distribution Co. (early 1970s–1975/1994–1996) Malibu Comics
Comics
(1994–1997) Marvel Books division (c.1985)[78] Marvel Comics
Comics
Ltd. (1972–1995; UK subsidiary)[79] Marvel Films (1993–1996)/Marvel Studios, LLC (1996–2015) a film and television production company; now a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios[80]

Marvel Films Animation
Animation
– animation subdivision (1994–1997)

Marvel Mania Restaurant (Marvel Restaurant Venture Corp.) Marvel Enterprise division

Marvel Interactive

Online Entertainment
Entertainment
(Marvel Zone) Software Publishing

Fleer
Fleer
Corporation

Panini Group: Italian sticker manufacturer

SkyBox International

Marvel Music
Music
Groups (1981–1989) music publishing subsidiary[81][82] Marvel Productions
Marvel Productions
(1981–1989)[8] Mighty Marvel Music
Music
Corporation (1981–1989) music publishing subsidiary[81][82] MLG Productions (2006–2011), Marvel & Lionsgate's subsidiary group for Marvel Animated Features[83][84] Spider-Man
Spider-Man
Merchandising, L.P. (? –2011): A joint venture of Marvel and Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Consumer Products Inc. that owned the rights to Spider-Man
Spider-Man
movie related licensed products. Welsh Publishing: comic book publisher

Executives[edit] Chairman[edit]

Scott Sassa (October 1996 – 1997)[85] Morton E. Handel (1998–2009) Isaac Perlmutter (2017–present)

CEO[edit]

Rick Ungar (? – November 1993) Avi Arad
Avi Arad
(November 1993 –)[86] William Bevins Jr.[87] Scott Sassa, Chief Executive Officer & Chairman (October 1996 – 1997)[85][88] Joseph Ahearn (October 1998[89] – November 24, 1998) Eric Ellenbogen (November 24, 1998[90] – ?) F. Peter Cuneo (July 1999 – December 31, 2002) Allen Lipson (January 1, 2003[91] – January 1, 2005[92])

Office of the Chief Executive

Isaac Perlmutter, Vice Chairman and CEO (January 1, 2005[92] – December 2016)[93][94] Executive Vice Presidents:

Alan Fine (April 2009 – ? [95]) John Turitzin (September 2006[96] – ?) David Maisel (September 2006[96] – December 31, 2009[97])

President[edit]

Stan Lee
Stan Lee
(1972–1973)[98][99] Al Landau (1973–1975) Jim Galton (1975–1991)[100] Terry Stewart (1992[101]-1993[102]) Rick Ungar (?–November 1993) Avi Arad
Avi Arad
(November 1993–?)[86] Bruce Stein (?–November 1994) William Bevins Jr. (November 1994–?)[87] Terry Stewart (May 1995)[85] Jerry Calabrese (May 1995–mid 1996) & (October 1998–November 1998)[85] Scott C. Marden (interim) (Mid 1996–September 1996)[85] David Schreff (September 1996–?)[85] Joseph Calamari (?–October 1998)[85] Eric Ellenbogen (November 1998–July 1999)[85] F. Peter Cuneo (July 1999[85]–January 1, 2003) Allen Lipson (January 1, 2003 – January 1, 2005)[92] Alan Fine, President (2009–)[103] also, chair of Marvel's Creative Committee[95] Dan Buckley
Dan Buckley
(January 2017–present)[104][105]

Others[edit]

See subsidiaries' articles for their executives.

Bill Jemas
Bill Jemas
(February 2000–October 2010) President of Publishing and Consumer Products[106] Bruno Maglione, President of Marvel International, November 2003[33] Joe Quesada
Joe Quesada
(2010–present) Chief Creative Officer Bill Jemas

Chief Operating Officer (January 2002–October 2010) Chief Marketing Officer (October 2010[106]–late 2013)[107]

Guy Karyo (October 2010) Executive Vice President of Operations and Chief Information Officer[106]

Productions[edit] Television[edit] Animated[edit] For any animation created before 1992, see Marvel Productions. For any animation created after 2008, see Marvel Animation.

Series Year(s) Production Distributor Original Network

Marvel Films animation

X-Men[20] 1992–1997 Saban Entertainment/New World Animation/Genesis Entertainment/New World International Fox Kids

Spider-Man: The Animated Series 1994–1998 Marvel Films Animation/Saban New World Communications

Fantastic Four 1994–1996 New World Animation
Animation
& Wang Films New World Communications The Marvel Action Hour First-run syndication[108][109]

Iron Man New World Animation

The Incredible Hulk 1996–1997 New World Animation Saban Entertainment UPN

Marvel Studios
Marvel Studios
animation

Silver Surfer 1998 Saban Entertainment Fox Kids

Spider-Man
Spider-Man
Unlimited 1999–2001

The Avengers: United They Stand 1999–2000

X-Men: Evolution 2000-2003 Film
Film
Roman Warner Bros. Television
Television
Distribution Kids' WB

Spider-Man: The New Animated Series 2003-2003 Mainframe Entertainment Adelaide Productions Sony Pictures
Sony Pictures
Television

MTV

Fantastic Four: World's Greatest Heroes 2006-2007 Moonscoop MoonScoop Group Cartoon Network Cartoon Network

Live-action[edit] For any live action television series created after 2009, see Marvel Television.

Series Aired Production Distributor Original Network

Generation X February 20, 1996 (pilot)

MT2 Services, Inc. Marvel Films[110] New World Television
Television
Production Fox Films

New World Entertainment Fox[111]

Mutant X October 6, 2001 – May 17, 2004 Fireworks Entertainment Tribune Entertainment Marvel Studios Marvel Enterprise CanWest Global Communications First-run syndication

Blade: The Series June 28, 2006 – September 13, 2006 Phantom Four New Line Television Marvel Entertainment Spike

Film[edit] See also: List of films based on Marvel Comics

Year Film Directed by Written by Produced & Distributed by Budget Gross

1998 Blade Stephen Norrington David S. Goyer New Line Cinema $40 million $131.2 million

2000 X-Men Bryan Singer Story by Tom DeSanto & Bryan Singer Screenplay by David Hayter 20th Century Fox $75 million $296.3 million

2002 Blade
Blade
II Guillermo del Toro David S. Goyer New Line Cinema $54 million $155 million

Spider-Man Sam Raimi David Koepp Columbia Pictures $139 million $821.7 million

2003 Daredevil Mark Steven Johnson 20th Century Fox $78 million $179.2 million

X2 Bryan Singer Story by Zak Penn
Zak Penn
and David Hayter
David Hayter
& Bryan Singer Screenplay by Michael Dougherty
Michael Dougherty
& Dan Harris and David Hayter $110 million $407.7 million

Hulk Ang Lee Story by James Schamus Screenplay by John Turman and Michael France and James Schamus Universal Pictures $137 million $245.4 million

2004 The Punisher Jonathan Hensleigh Jonathan Hensleigh and Michael France Lionsgate Films
Lionsgate Films
/ Artisan Entertainment $33 million $54.7 million

Spider-Man
Spider-Man
2 Sam Raimi Story by Alfred Gough
Alfred Gough
& Miles Millar
Miles Millar
and Michael Chabon Screenplay by Alvin Sargent Columbia Pictures $200 million $783.8 million

Blade: Trinity David S. Goyer New Line Cinema $65 million $128.9 million

2005 Elektra Rob Bowman Zak Penn
Zak Penn
and Stuart Zicherman & Raven Metzner 20th Century Fox $43 million $56.7 million

Man-Thing Brett Leonard Han Rodionoff Lionsgate Films
Lionsgate Films
/ Artisan Entertainment $30 million $1.1 million

Fantastic Four Tim Story Mark Frost and Michael France 20th Century Fox $100 million $330.6 million

2006 X-Men: The Last Stand Brett Ratner Simon Kinberg
Simon Kinberg
& Zak Penn $210 million $459.4 million

2007 Ghost Rider Mark Steven Johnson Columbia Pictures $110 million $228.7 million

Spider-Man
Spider-Man
3 Sam Raimi Screenplay by Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
& Ivan Raimi and Alvin Sargent Story by Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
& Ivan Raimi $258 million $890.9 million

Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer Tim Story Screenplay by Don Payne and Mark Frost Story by John Turman and Mark Frost 20th Century Fox $130 million $289 million

2008 Punisher: War Zone Lexi Alexander Nick Santora
Nick Santora
and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway Lionsgate Films $35 million $10.1 million

2009 X-Men
X-Men
Origins: Wolverine Gavin Hood David Benioff
David Benioff
and Skip Woods 20th Century Fox $150 million $373.1 million

2011 X-Men: First Class Matthew Vaughn Screenplay by Ashley Edward Miller, Zack Stentz and Jane Goldman
Jane Goldman
& Matthew Vaughn Story by Sheldon Turner and Bryan Singer $140–$160 million $353.6 million

2012 Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance Mark Neveldine
Mark Neveldine
and Brian Taylor Screenplay by Scott M. Gimple
Scott M. Gimple
and Seth Hoffman & David S. Goyer Story by David S. Goyer Columbia Pictures $57 million $132.6 million

The Amazing Spider-Man Marc Webb Screenplay by James Vanderbilt, Alvin Sargent and Steve Kloves Story by James Vanderbilt $230 million $757.9 million

2013 The Wolverine James Mangold Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
and Mark Bomback 20th Century Fox $120 million $414.8 million

2014 X-Men: Days of Future Past Bryan Singer Screenplay by Simon Kinberg Story by Matthew Vaughn, Jane Goldman
Jane Goldman
& Simon Kinberg $200 million $747.9 million

2015 Fantastic Four Josh Trank Jeremy Slater, Seth Grahame-Smith, T.S. Nowlin & Simon Kinberg $120 million $168 million

2016 Deadpool Tim Miller Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick $58 million $782.3 million

X-Men: Apocalypse Bryan Singer Simon Kinberg, Dan Harris and Michael Dougherty $178 million $534.5 million

2017 Logan James Mangold Screenplay by Michael Green, Scott Frank and James Mangold Story by David James Kelly & James Mangold $97 million $612.4 million

Upcoming

2018 Deadpool 2 David Leitch Rhett Reese and Paul Wernick 20th Century Fox TBA

Venom Ruben Fleischer Scott Rosenberg, Jeff Pinkner
Jeff Pinkner
and Kelly Marcel Columbia Pictures

Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse Bob Persichetti, Peter Ramsey and Rodney Rothman Screenplay by Phil Lord Story by Phil Lord, Christopher Miller & Alex Hirsch

2019 X-Men: Dark Phoenix Simon Kinberg 20th Century Fox

The New Mutants Josh Boone Josh Boone, Kante Gwaltney, Scott Neustadter
Scott Neustadter
and Michael H. Weber

Video games[edit] Main article: List of video games based on Marvel Comics See also[edit]

Marvel Cinematic Universe Marvel characters in other media

New York City
New York City
portal Companies portal Comics
Comics
portal Disney portal

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g Raviv, Dan (April 2002). Comic Wars. Broadway Books, Random House, Heroes Books. ISBN 0-7679-0830-9. Archived from the original on 2006-12-31.  ^ a b Fritz, Ben (September 23, 2009). "Disney tells details of Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
acquisition in a regulatory filing". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on November 5, 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.  ^ Part I: Page 1: ITEM 1. Business. Fiscal Year 2010 Annual Financial Report And Shareholder Letter Archived 2014-06-11 at the Wayback Machine.. The Walt Disney
Walt Disney
Company. Retrieved December 27, 2013. "Marvel businesses are reported primarily in our Studio Entertainment and Consumer Products segments." ^ Gaudette, Emily (November 6, 2017). "What a Disney/Fox deal could mean for Deadpool, the X-Men". Newsweek. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved December 5, 2017. Fox has the rights to the X-Men, including Wolverine, Deadpool and the Fantastic Four.  ^ Chu, Karen (8 October 2013). " Hong Kong Disneyland
Hong Kong Disneyland
to Open 'Iron Man' Experience in 2016". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 19 January 2014.  ^ a b c "MARVEL PROPERTY, INC". General Information Name Search. State of Delaware Department of State: Division of Corporations. Archived from the original on 6 January 2010. Retrieved 25 June 2012.  Note: Secure site: File
File
number 2109460 must be entered. ^ a b c d "Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
FORM 8-K". RealDealDocs. 29 September 2006. p. 6. Retrieved 25 June 2012. Sec.3 (d) a fully-executed assignment agreement, in substantially the form of the Assignment Agreement dated as of August 30, 2005 by and among MEI, Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc. and MCI, assigning MEI’s, Marvel Property, Inc.’s (formerly known as Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
Group, Inc.) and MVL Development LLC’s rights in the Unencumbered Characters to MCI;  ^ a b c Hicks, Jonathan (November 8, 1988). "The Media Business; Marvel Comic Book
Book
Unit Being Sold for $82.5 Million". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2011.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Bryant, Adam (May 24, 1998). "Pow! The Punches That Left Marvel Reeling". The New York Times. p. 4. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 14, 2015.  ^ "MacAndrews & Forbes
Forbes
Holdings Inc.". International Directory of Company Histories, Vol. 28. Farmington Hills, Michigan: Gale / St. James Press, via FundingUniverse.com. 1999. Archived from the original on March 3, 2009. Retrieved 2008-05-16.  ^ "Marvel Entertainment
Entertainment
and Avi Arad
Avi Arad
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