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Maria Margarethe Anna Schell (15 January 1926 – 26 April 2005) was an Austrian-Swiss actress. She ranged among the stars of German cinema in the 1950s and '60s. In 1954 she was awarded the Cannes Best Actress Award for her performance in Helmut Käutner's war drama The Last Bridge and in 1956 won the Volpi Cup for Best Actress
Volpi Cup for Best Actress
at the Venice Film Festival for Gervaise.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Family 4 Death 5 Autobiographical works 6 Filmography 7 Further reading 8 Decorations and awards 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Schell was born in the Austrian capital Vienna, the daughter of actress Margarethe (née Noé von Nordberg; 1905–1995), who ran an acting school, and Hermann Ferdinand Schell (1900–1972), a Swiss poet, novelist, playwright, and owner of a pharmacy.[1][2] Her parents were Roman Catholics.[2] She was the older sister of actor Maximilian Schell and lesser-known actors Carl Schell and Immy (Immaculata) Schell. After the Anschluss
Anschluss
in 1938, her family moved to Zürich
Zürich
in Switzerland. Maria Schell
Maria Schell
began commercial training, but soon entered the film business when she met the Swiss actor and director Sigfrit Steiner. Career[edit]

Schell in Amsterdam, 1976

Schell premiered in Steiner's 1942 film Steibruch, side by side with the well-known Swiss actor Heinrich Gretler, and took acting lessons for several theatre engagements. After World War II, she was cast in her first leading role in the 1948 film The Angel with the Trumpet, directed by Karl Hartl. She starred in such films as Dr. Holl
Dr. Holl
(1951), So Little Time (1952), The Heart of the Matter (1953). Her emotional acting earned her the nickname Seelchen ("little soul"), coined by her colleague Oskar Werner. The 1956 film Gervaise directed by René Clément
René Clément
was also a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film; while in Hollywood, Schell met with Yul Brynner, who urged for her casting in The Brothers Karamazov (1958) in the role of Grushenka. Schell also starred with Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
in The Hanging Tree
The Hanging Tree
(1959) and with Glenn Ford in Cimarron (1960). Other famous movie parts included Le notti bianche (1957), Rose Bernd (1957), and Superman (1978). Schell played Mother Maria in the sequel to Lilies of the Field called Christmas Lilies of the Field and starred opposite such actors as Marcello Mastroianni, Suzy Delair, and Marlon Brando. In 1976 she starred in a Kojak
Kojak
episode and also had three guest appearances in the German television series Der Kommissar and two in Derrick, in the episodes "Yellow He" (1977) and "Klavierkonzert" (1978). Schell also appeared on stage, including an acclaimed performance in the 1976 Broadway play Poor Murderer by Pavel Kohout and the leading role in Friedrich Dürrenmatt's play The Visit with the Schauspielhaus Zürich
Zürich
ensemble. Family[edit] Schell was married twice, first to film director Horst Hächler (divorced in 1965) and second to director Veit Relin (divorced in 1986). Her daughter by her second marriage, actress Marie Theres Relin (born 1966), was married to Bavarian playwright Franz Xaver Kroetz and has three children; she made a media and internet appearance as a spokeswoman for housewives (If Pigs Could Fly. Die Hausfrauenrevolution, 2004). Death[edit] Maria Schell's last years were overshadowed by her ill health. She attempted suicide in 1991 and suffered repeated strokes. Her final public appearance was at the premiere of her brother Maximilian's documentary film, My Sister Maria (2002) on her life; both were awarded the Bambi Award
Bambi Award
for their work. Schell lived reclusively in the remote village of Preitenegg, Carinthia
Carinthia
in the Austrian Alps until her death from pneumonia on 26 April 2005, aged 79. Upon her death, her brother released a statement, saying in part: "Towards the end of her life, she suffered silently and I never heard her complain. I admire her for that. Her death might have been for her a salvation. But not for me. She is irreplaceable." Autobiographical works[edit]

1985: Die Kostbarkeit des Augenblicks. Gedanken, Erinnerungen. Langen Müller, München, ISBN 3-7844-2072-9. 1998: „... und wenn’s a Katz is!“ Mein Weg durchs Leben. Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach, ISBN 3-404-12784-6.

Filmography[edit]

Steibruch (1942) as Meiti / Gretl Der Engel mit der Posaune (1948) as Selma Rosner Maresi (1948) as Blanka von Steinville - Tochter After the Storm (1948) as Gretel Aichinger The Last Night (1949) The Angel with the Trumpet (1950) as Anna Linden A Day Will Come (1950) as Madeleine Dr. Holl
Dr. Holl
(1951) as Angelika Alberti The Magic Box (1951) as Helena Friese-Greene So Little Time (1952) as Nicole de Malvines Until We Meet Again (1952) as Pamela Dreaming Lips (1953) as Elisabeth As Long as You're Near Me
As Long as You're Near Me
(1953) as Eva Berger Diary of a Married Woman
Diary of a Married Woman
(1953) as Barbara Holzmann The Heart of the Matter (1953) as Helen Rolt The Last Bridge (1954)[3] as Dr. Helga Reinbeck Herr über Leben und Tod (de) (1955) as Barbara Bertram, geb. Hansen Napoléon (1955) by Sacha Guitry
Sacha Guitry
(as Marie-Louise, Napoleon's Austrian wife) as L'archiduchesse Marie-Louise d'Autriche Die Ratten (1955) as Pauline Karka Gervaise (1956, by Rene Clement, from Émile Zola's L'Assommoir) as Gervaise Macquart Coupeau, une blanchisseuse douce et courageuse Liebe (1956) as Anna Ballard Rose Bernd (1957) as Rose Bernd Le Notti Bianche (1957) as Natalia The Brothers Karamazov (1958) as Grushenka One Life by Alexandre Astruc
Alexandre Astruc
(1958, from an eponym novel by Guy de Maupassant) as Jeanne Dandieu épouse de Lamare Der Schinderhannes (1958) as Julchen The Hanging Tree
The Hanging Tree
(1959) as Elizabeth Mahler As the Sea Rages (de) (1959) as Mana Cimarron (1960) as Sabra Cravat The Mark (1961) as Ruth Leighton Das Riesenrad (1961) as Elisabeth von Hill Only a Woman
Only a Woman
(1962) as Lilli König Zwei Whisky und ein Sofa (de) (1963) as Beate Dehn L'assassin connaît la musique... (de) (1963) as Agnès Duvillard Le Diable par la queue (fr) (The Devil by the Tail) (1969) as La comtesse Diane 99 Women
99 Women
(1969) as Leonie Caroll The Bloody Judge (1970) as Mother Rosa La Provocation (1970) as Jeanne Dans la poussière du soleil (1972) as Gertie Bradford Chamsin (1972) as Miriam Die Pfarrhauskomödie (1972) as Irma The Odessa File
File
(1974) as Frau Miller Change (1975) as Mama The Twist (1976) as Gretel Voyage of the Damned
Voyage of the Damned
(1976) as Mrs. Hauser Kojak
Kojak
- Season 4, Episode 11: "The Pride and the Princess" (1976) as Sister Lepar Angelica / Princess Viva Dushan Derrick (1977-1978) as Luisa van Doom / Erika Rabes Superman (1978) as Vond-Ah Christmas Lilies of the Field (1979) as Valeska Piontek The Martian Chronicles mini-series - Season 1 (1980) as Anna Lustig Inside the Third Reich (1983) as Mrs. Speer Král Drozdia Brada (1984) as královna, Michalova matka 1919 (1985) as Sophie Rubin

Further reading[edit]

Mato Weiland: Maria Schell. Die autorisierte Maria Schell-Story. Massimo-Verlag, Wien 1959 ÖNB Herbert Spaich: Maria Schell
Maria Schell
– ihre Filme – ihr Leben. [Heyne-Bücher, 32] Heyne-Filmbibliothek, 99, München 1986, ISBN 3-453-86101-9 Hermann Josef Huber: Heitere Starparade. 300 Anekdoten von Hans Albers bis Maria Schell. Herder Taschenbuch Verl., Freiburg/Br., Basel, Wien 1989 UBS Maximilian Schell, Gero von Boehm, Thomas Montasser: Meine Schwester Maria. Europa-Verlag, Hamburg 2004, ISBN 3-203-82037-4 Maja Keppler (Red.), Deutsches Filmmuseum [Frankfurt, Main] (Hrsg.): Maria Schell, [eine Ausstellung des deutschen Filmmuseums 31. Januar bis 17. Juni 2007 Frankfurt am Main, Juli bis Oktober 2007 auf dem Schloss Wolfsberg, Kärnten (Österreich)]. Schriftenreihe des Deutschen Filmmuseums: Kinematograph, 22, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 3-89487-551-8 "The Hanging Tree" 1959; with Gary Cooper, Karl Malden, George C. Scott[4]

Decorations and awards[edit]

1951-57, 1987, 2002: Bambi award 1954: Honorable Mention at the Cannes International Film Festival
Cannes International Film Festival
for The Last Bridge 1956: Volpi Cup
Volpi Cup
at the Venice International Film Festival
Venice International Film Festival
for Gervaise 1957 and 1958: Golden and Silver Bravo Otto 1974: Merit Cross of the Federal Republic of Germany 1977: German Film Awards, Gold Award for many years of excellent work in the German film industry 1980: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 1983: Golden Camera 2002: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class[5] 2008: Maria Schell
Maria Schell
street named in Landstrasse
Landstrasse
(Vienna's 3rd District, area Aspanggründe / Euro-gate)

References[edit]

^ Maximillian Schell Film Reference biography ^ a b Ross, Lillian and Helen. The Player: A Profile of an Art, Simon & Schuster (1961) pp. 231-239 ^ The Last Bridge ^ TCM ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1495. Retrieved 18 January 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maria Schell.

Maria Schell
Maria Schell
on IMDb Maria Schell
Maria Schell
at Find a Grave Obituary: Maria Schell
Maria Schell
(1926-2005) Photographs and literature Maria Schell
Maria Schell
Estate at Deutsches Filminstitut, Frankfurt am Main

v t e

Cannes Film Festival Award for Best Actress

1946–1975

Michèle Morgan
Michèle Morgan
(1946) Isa Miranda
Isa Miranda
(1949) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1951) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) cast of Bolshaya Semya (1955) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1956) Giulietta Masina
Giulietta Masina
(1957) Bibi Andersson
Bibi Andersson
/ Eva Dahlbeck
Eva Dahlbeck
/ Barbro Hiort af Ornäs / Ingrid Thulin (1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Melina Mercouri
Melina Mercouri
/ Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Rita Tushingham
Rita Tushingham
(1962) Marina Vlady
Marina Vlady
(1963) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
/ Barbara Barrie
Barbara Barrie
(1964) Samantha Eggar
Samantha Eggar
(1965) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1966) Pia Degermark
Pia Degermark
(1967) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1969) Ottavia Piccolo
Ottavia Piccolo
(1970) Kitty Winn (1971) Susannah York
Susannah York
(1972) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1973) Marie-José Nat
Marie-José Nat
(1974) Valerie Perrine
Valerie Perrine
(1975)

1976–2000

Dominique Sanda
Dominique Sanda
/ Mari Törőcsik
Mari Törőcsik
(1976) Shelley Duvall
Shelley Duvall
/ Monique Mercure (1977) Jill Clayburgh
Jill Clayburgh
/ Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Anouk Aimée
Anouk Aimée
(1980) Isabelle Adjani
Isabelle Adjani
(1981) Jadwiga Jankowska-Cieślak
Jadwiga Jankowska-Cieślak
(1982) Hanna Schygulla
Hanna Schygulla
(1983) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1984) Norma Aleandro
Norma Aleandro
/ Cher
Cher
(1985) Barbara Sukowa
Barbara Sukowa
/ Fernanda Torres
Fernanda Torres
(1986) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
(1987) Barbara Hershey
Barbara Hershey
/ Jodhi May / Linda Mvusi
Linda Mvusi
(1988) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1989) Krystyna Janda
Krystyna Janda
(1990) Irène Jacob
Irène Jacob
(1991) Pernilla August
Pernilla August
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Virna Lisi
Virna Lisi
(1994) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(1995) Brenda Blethyn
Brenda Blethyn
(1996) Kathy Burke (1997) Élodie Bouchez
Élodie Bouchez
/ Natacha Régnier
Natacha Régnier
(1998) Séverine Caneele
Séverine Caneele
/ Émilie Dequenne
Émilie Dequenne
(1999) Björk
Björk
(2000)

2001–present

Isabelle Huppert
Isabelle Huppert
(2001) Kati Outinen (2002) Marie-Josée Croze
Marie-Josée Croze
(2003) Maggie Cheung
Maggie Cheung
(2004) Hana Laszlo
Hana Laszlo
(2005) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
/ Carmen Maura
Carmen Maura
/ Lola Dueñas
Lola Dueñas
/ Chus Lampreave
Chus Lampreave
/ Blanca Portillo / Yohana Cobo
Yohana Cobo
(2006) Jeon Do-yeon
Jeon Do-yeon
(2007) Sandra Corveloni (2008) Charlotte Gainsbourg
Charlotte Gainsbourg
(2009) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(2010) Kirsten Dunst
Kirsten Dunst
(2011) Cristina Flutur / Cosmina Stratan (2012) Bérénice Bejo
Bérénice Bejo
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Emmanuelle Bercot
Emmanuelle Bercot
/ Rooney Mara
Rooney Mara
(2015) Jaclyn Jose (2016) Diane Kruger
Diane Kruger
(2017)

v t e

Volpi Cup
Volpi Cup
for Best Actress

1934–1968

Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1934) Paula Wessely
Paula Wessely
(1935) Annabella (1936) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1937) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1938) Luise Ullrich
Luise Ullrich
(1941) Kristina Söderbaum
Kristina Söderbaum
(1942) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1947) Jean Simmons
Jean Simmons
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Eleanor Parker
Eleanor Parker
(1950) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1952) Lilli Palmer
Lilli Palmer
(1953) Maria Schell
Maria Schell
(1956) Dzidra Ritenberga (1957) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1958) Madeleine Robinson (1959) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1960) Suzanne Flon
Suzanne Flon
(1961) Emmanuelle Riva
Emmanuelle Riva
(1962) Delphine Seyrig
Delphine Seyrig
(1963) Harriet Andersson
Harriet Andersson
(1964) Annie Girardot
Annie Girardot
(1965) Natalya Arinbasarova
Natalya Arinbasarova
(1966) Shirley Knight
Shirley Knight
(1967) Laura Betti
Laura Betti
(1968)

1983–present

Darling Légitimus
Darling Légitimus
(1983) Pascale Ogier
Pascale Ogier
(1984) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(1986) Kang Soo-yeon (1987) Isabelle Huppert/ Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1988) Peggy Ashcroft/ Geraldine James (1989) Gloria Münchmeyer
Gloria Münchmeyer
(1990) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(1991) Gong Li
Gong Li
(1992) Juliette Binoche/ Anna Bonaiuto
Anna Bonaiuto
(1993) Maria de Medeiros/ Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(1994) Sandrine Bonnaire/Isabelle Huppert/ Isabella Ferrari
Isabella Ferrari
(1995) Victoire Thivisol (1996) Robin Tunney
Robin Tunney
(1997) Catherine Deneuve
Catherine Deneuve
(1998) Nathalie Baye
Nathalie Baye
(1999) Rose Byrne
Rose Byrne
(2000) Sandra Ceccarelli (2001) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2002) Katja Riemann
Katja Riemann
(2003) Imelda Staunton
Imelda Staunton
(2004) Giovanna Mezzogiorno
Giovanna Mezzogiorno
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2007) Dominique Blanc
Dominique Blanc
(2008) Kseniya Rappoport
Kseniya Rappoport
(2009) Ariane Labed
Ariane Labed
(2010) Deanie Ip (2011) Hadas Yaron
Hadas Yaron
(2012) Elena Cotta
Elena Cotta
(2013) Alba Rohrwacher
Alba Rohrwacher
(2014) Valeria Golino
Valeria Golino
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Charlotte Rampling
Charlotte Rampling
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 117711532 LCCN: n87923363 ISNI: 0000 0000 8414 2479 GND: 118754483 SUDOC: 050176080 BNF: cb13340245f (data) HDS: 9231 MusicBrainz: fc69af96-b6f9-48b6-8ddf-3ff49f314fe2 BNE: XX879938 TLS: Maria_Sch

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