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The Machars
Machars
(Scottish Gaelic: Machair (Ghallghaidhealaibh); lit. "the Plains (of Galloway)") is a peninsula in Galloway
Galloway
in the south-west of Scotland. The word is derived from the Gaelic word Machair meaning low-lying or level land, known as "links" on the east coast of Scotland. Although there are no high peaks in the Machars, it is not flat and would best be described as undulating or rolling. The North Atlantic Drift or Gulf Stream
Gulf Stream
creates a mild climate, and dolphins and basking sharks are frequently seen in the seas. The Machars
Machars
peninsula is roughly defined by a northern boundary stretching from Newton Stewart
Newton Stewart
to Glenluce, the only other boundary being the sea. The 40-mile (64 km) coastline has enormous variety, starting with the mud-flats of Wigtown
Wigtown
on the east facing Wigtown
Wigtown
Bay, down to the sandy beach at Rigg Bay in Garlieston
Garlieston
(where the Mulberry Harbours were developed). The coastline then rises to form dramatic cliffs as it passes the ruins of Cruggleton Castle, dropping a little at Portyerrock Bay and the Isle of Whithorn, and rising again at Burrow Head (where much of the cult classic The Wicker Man was filmed). Past the southern tip of the peninsula, the shoreline leaves Wigtown Bay and becomes part of Luce Bay. The cliffs continue as far as the beautiful sandy beach at Monreith
Monreith
(home of the author Gavin Maxwell), and on past Port William. A combination of rocky shoreline, sandy beaches and cliffs continues as far as Auchenmalg and Stairhaven before the sandy dunes approaching Glenluce. Two rivers cut through the peninsula, the River Bladnoch
River Bladnoch
which rises at Loch Maberry and meets the sea just south of Wigtown, and one of its major tributaries the Tarf Water which meets the Bladnoch near Kirkcowan. Another tributary of the Bladnoch is the large stream the Water of Malzie which rises in the large expanses of peat bog near the Old Place of Mochrum
Mochrum
before meeting the Bladnoch near Corzmalie. Generally speaking the Eastern half of the Machars
Machars
can be described as being a landscape of rolling green hills and scattered woodland which forms a perfect setting for the large scale dairy industry which can be found here. In fact up until recent decades a large scale creamery was to be found at Sorbie
Sorbie
although this has now closed. This landscape extends to the far southern extremities of the peninsula, however the landscape to the North West is significantly different, where above the raised beaches of Luce Bay
Luce Bay
a rugged expanse of moorland and bog can be found, more reminiscent of the rough country to the north. The highest point of the Machars
Machars
can be found here, Mochrum
Mochrum
Fell, however for the most part the terrain can be characterised as a series of low, stony ridges interspersed by large expanses of peat bog and moorland and many small lochs. This part of the Machars
Machars
is generally associated with large scale forestry plantations, especially of Sitka Spruce, and stock-rearing, either the hardy Belted Galloway
Galloway
or more typically Galloway
Galloway
cattle or sheep.

Contents

1 Geography 2 RAF Wigtown 3 Saint Ninian 4 Gallery 5 References

Geography[edit] The other principal settlements on the peninsula are: Kirkcowan, Whithorn, Isle of Whithorn, Kirkinner, Sorbie, Mochrum, Elrig, Bladnoch and Whauphill. There are a number of large lochs in the area including Mochrum
Mochrum
Loch, Castle Loch and the White Loch of Myrton. The area is rich in prehistoric remains, mainly in the form of standing stones and cup and ring marks. The most notable of these are Torhousekie
Torhousekie
and Drumtroddan. In Castle Loch near The Old Place of Mochrum
Mochrum
are the remains of several crannogs. The primary industry in the area was agriculture, though today the tourist industry probably employs more people and generates more income. Burrow Head (the southernmost tip of the peninsula) is about eighteen miles from Point of Ayre
Point of Ayre
on the Isle of Man, and trade links have long existed between the two places, much of which involved smuggling. RAF Wigtown[edit] The Machars
Machars
is also home to the former RAF Wigtown. The airfield, which was opened in 1941 and is often referred to as Baldoon, was used in World War Two as a training school - hosting the No 1 Air Observers School from September 13, 1941, to February 1, 1942, and operating in conjunction with a tracked target range near the coast to the southeast. Although the site originally consisted of grass runways, flooding of the land soon caused these to become unusable, and two concrete runways were installed during 1942. Operations at the airfield ceased in 1945, to coincide with the end of the war, and control of the site was given over Maintenance Command who was placed in care and maintenance, transferring to No 14 Maintenance Unit from July 1, 1946, to March 1, 1948, when the airfield was finally closed.[1] Despite considerable deterioration the airfield remains intact; with the original control tower still standing and nearly all the perimeter and access roads remaining. Furthermore, the concrete bases of many of the hangars and other buildings can still be seen on the ground. Today much of the land has reverted to agricultural use, with the site becoming popular for locals to conduct leisure activities – such as walking or cycling. Saint Ninian[edit] Saint Ninian
Saint Ninian
first brought Christianity
Christianity
to what-would-become Scotland via the Machars, founding a small church at the Isle of Whithorn
Isle of Whithorn
from which a mediæval cathedral later sprang at Whithorn. Ninian studied under St Martin of Tours
Martin of Tours
and can lay claim to bringing Christianity
Christianity
to Scotland
Scotland
long before St Columba, whose church at Iona
Iona
is often mistakenly credited as the cradle of Scottish Christianity. Gallery[edit]

A Machars
Machars
beach.

Machars
Machars
Coastline looking south from Cruggleton Castle.

The remains of Cruggleton Castle.

Map of the Machars.

The Machars, as viewed from Torrs Warren with Luce Bay
Luce Bay
standing between.

References[edit]

^ http://www.secretscotland.org.uk/index.php/Secrets/RAFWigtown

Coordinates: 54°49′05″N 4°31′23″W / 54.818°N 4.523°W / 54

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