MöTLEY CRüE was an American heavy metal band formed in Los Angeles
The members of the band have often been noted for their hedonistic
lifestyles and the persona they maintained. Following its hard rock
and heavy metal origins, with the third album
Theatre of Pain (1985)
the band joined the first wave of glam metal . Their final studio
album, Saints of
* 1 History
* 1.1 Rise to international fame (1984–1991)
* 1.2 Years of turmoil (1992–2003)
* 1.3 Reunion and renewed success (2004–2007)
* 1.4 Saints of
* 2 Legacy and influence
* 3 Band members
* 3.1 Original/Final line-up * 3.2 Other members * 3.3 Touring members * 3.4 Timeline
* 4 Awards and nominations
* 5 Discography
* 5.1 Studio albums
* 6 Tours * 7 References * 8 External links
The newly formed band did not yet have a name. Sixx had said that he told the other bandmates that he was "thinking about calling the band Christmas." The other members were not very receptive to the idea. Then while trying to find a suitable name, Mars remembered an incident which occurred when he was playing with a band called White Horse, when one of the other band members called the group "a motley looking crew." He had remembered the phrase and later copied it down as Mottley Cru. After modifying the spelling slightly, "Mötley Crüe" was eventually selected as the band's name, with the stylistic decision suggested by Neil to add the two sets of metal umlauts supposedly inspired by the German beer Löwenbräu , which the members were drinking at the time. Other than the periods of February 1992 to 1997 and 1999 to September 2004, the line-up of Neil, Sixx, Lee, and Mars has remained the same.
The band soon met their first manager, Allan Coffman, the
thirty-eight-year-old brother-in-law of a friend of Mars's driver.
The band's first release was the single "Stick to Your Guns/Toast of
the Town", which was released on their own record label, Leathür
Records , which had a pressing and distribution deal with Greenworld
Distribution in Torrance,
During the "Crüesing Through Canada Tour '82," there were several
widely publicized incidents. First, the band was arrested and then
Edmonton International Airport for wearing their spiked
stage wardrobe (considered "dangerous weapons") through Customs and
for Neil arriving with a small carry-on filled with porn magazines
(considered "indecent material"); both were staged PR stunts. Customs
eventually had the confiscated items destroyed. Second, while playing
Scandals Disco in
RISE TO INTERNATIONAL FAME (1984–1991)
The band became rapidly successful in the United States after playing
US Festival , and also with the aid of the new medium of MTV.
They then gained the attention of heavy metal star
Ozzy Osbourne and
found themselves as the opening act for Osbourne on his 1984 world
tour. The band members were well known for their backstage antics,
outrageous clothing, extreme high-heeled boots, heavily applied
make-up, and seemingly endless abuse of alcohol and drugs as well. As
for their recordings, their mixture of heavy metal and hard rock
stylings with influences by
The band members have also had their share of scrapes with the law and life. In 1984, Neil was driving home from a liquor store in his De Tomaso Pantera when he was in a head-on collision; his passenger, Hanoi Rocks drummer Nicholas "Razzle" Dingley , was killed. Neil, charged with a DUI and vehicular manslaughter , was sentenced to 30 days in jail (though he only served 18 days) and received a $2,000,000 fine. The short jail term was pleaded for by his lawyers enabling Neil to be able to tour and pay the fine. The album Theatre of Pain (1985) was dedicated in Dingley's honor, and it started a new glam metal phase in the band's style. The band would also later release two box sets titled "Music to Crash Your Car To ".
On December 23, 1987, Sixx suffered a heroin overdose. He was declared legally dead on the way to the hospital, but the paramedic, who was a Crüe fan, revived Sixx with two shots of Adrenaline. His two minutes in death were the inspiration for the song "Kickstart My Heart ", which peaked at No. 16 on the Mainstream U.S. chart, and which was featured on the 1989 U.S. number one (their first) album Dr. Feelgood . From 1986 to 1987, Sixx kept a daily diary of his heroin addiction and eventually entered rehab in January 1988. In 2006, Sixx published his diaries as a best selling novel: The Heroin Diaries: A Year in the Life of a Shattered Rock Star , and in 2007 Sixx's side project band Sixx:A.M. released The Heroin Diaries Soundtrack as a musical parallel to the novel.
A controversy that hit the band in 1988 was a lawsuit by Matthew
Trippe. Trippe claimed that
Nikki Sixx was hospitalised in 1983 after
a car crash involving drugs and that he had been hired as Nikki's
doppelgänger . The suit was regarding the loss of royalties from his
Their decadent lifestyles almost shattered the band until managers Thaler and McGhee pulled an intervention and refused to allow the band to tour in Europe, fearing that "some would come back in bodybags". Shortly after, all the band members except for Mars underwent drug rehabilitation; Mars cleaned up on his own.
After finding sobriety in 1989,
The band reunited with Neil in 1997, after their current manager, Allen Kovac, and Neil's manager, Bert Stein, set up a meeting between Neil, Lee, and Sixx. Agreeing to "leave their egos at the door," the band released Generation Swine . Although it debuted at No. 4, and in spite of a live performance at the American Music Awards, the album was a commercial failure, due in part to lack of support from their record label. The band soon left Elektra and created their own label, Mötley Records .
In 1998, Mötley Crüe's contractual ties with
Elektra Records had
expired, putting the band in total control of their future, which
included the ownership of the masters of all of their albums. In
announcing the end of their relationship with Elektra Records, the
band became one of the few groups in history to own and control their
publishing and music catalog. They are only one of a handful of
artists in history to own the masters to their material and reportedly
did so by being the biggest pain they could be to their record label
until Elektra got fed up and handed over the rights in order to get
the band off their label. In 1999, the band re-released all their
albums, dubbed as "Crücial Crüe". The limited-edition digital
re-masters included demos, live, instrumental, and previously
In 1999, Lee quit the band to pursue a solo career due to increasing tensions with frontman Neil. Lee was replaced by former Ozzy Osbourne drummer and longtime friend of the band Randy Castillo . The band released New Tattoo in July 2000, followed by a tour to support the album. Before the tour could commence, Castillo became ill with what was later to be found as cancer and was unable to tour. The band brought in former Hole drummer Samantha Maloney to fill in for Castillo as he concentrated on his health. Castillo lost his fight with cancer on March 26, 2002. Soon after, the band went on hiatus.
While the band was on hiatus, Nikki Sixx played in side projects, 58 and Brides of Destruction . Vince Neil was featured on the first season of VH1's reality show The Surreal Life , and had his own special titled "Remaking Vince Neil" which focused on his solo career. Mick Mars, who suffers from a rare hereditary form of arthritis called ankylosing spondylitis , went into seclusion in 2001 dealing with health issues. Tommy Lee went on to form Methods of Mayhem and also performed as a solo artist during this time.
A 2001 autobiography entitled The Dirt packaged the band as "the world's most notorious rock band." The book made the top ten on The New York Times Best Seller list and spent ten weeks there.
REUNION AND RENEWED SUCCESS (2004–2007)
A promoter in England, Mags Revell, began clamoring for a Mötley Crüe reunion, ostensibly presenting himself as the voice of anxious fans waiting for more from the band. After meeting with management several times, in September 2004, Nikki Sixx announced that he and Neil had returned to the studio and had begun recording new material. In December 2004, the four original members announced a reunion/final tour which began February 14, 2005, in San Juan, Puerto Rico . The resulting compilation album, Red, White & Crüe , was released in February 2005. It features the band members' favorite original songs plus three new tracks, " If I Die Tomorrow ", " Sick Love Song " (co-written by Sixx and James Michael ), and a cover of The Rolling Stones ' classic " Street Fighting Man ". A small controversy was caused when it was suggested that neither Lee nor Mars played on the new tracks (duties were supposedly handled by Vandals drummer Josh Freese ). However, a VH1 documentary of the band's reunion later showed that Lee did indeed play on some of the tracks. The Japanese release of Red, White & Crüe includes an extra new track titled "I'm a Liar (and That's the Truth)". Red, White "> It was later reported on Motley.com that the lawsuit had been settled.
SAINTS OF LOS ANGELES (2008–2010)
On June 11, 2008, the band and manager Burt Stein filed suit against each other. Stein was Vince Neil's personal manager and also, according to the band and rival manager Allen Kovac, served as the band's manager at one time. The band and Kovac sued in Los Angeles County Superior Court, claiming Stein was not entitled to a cut of Mötley Crüe's earnings. Stein sued the same day in Nashville's federal court, saying he was entitled to 1.875 percent of what the band makes. Other litigation between the parties also ensued in Nevada. In July 2009, lawyers for both sides announced that the disputes had been "amicably resolved" through a "global settlement".
Mötley Crüe's ninth studio album, titled Saints of
iTunes picked "Saints of
The band made a guest appearance in the season finale of "Bones " on May 14, 2009 entitled "The End in the Beginning", performing the classic song "Dr. Feelgood ".
THE FINAL TOUR AND RETIREMENT (2011–2015)
In early 2012, the band announced they were recording a new song that would be called "Sex." This track was officially released July 16, 2012, on their website.
In February 2013,
On January 28, 2014 at the conference inside Beacher's Madhouse
Theater in Hollywood,
In a later interview, Nikki Sixx talked about the possibility of releasing new music, saying that "We have music written, it's not put together yet". He also speculated that the band would release it in a song-by-song format as opposed to a full-length album format, elaborating with "It's hard, to be honest with you, to spend six nine months to write eleven songs—all those lyrics... everything... the vocals, the guitars, the bass, the sonics, the mixing, the mastering, the artwork. ... You put it out and nothing , because now people cherry-pick songs. So we go, 'Why don't we write songs and find vehicles to get one, two or four songs to ten million people rather than eleven songs to a hundred thousand people."
During the tour, they played a new song "All Bad Things" over the
speakers throughout the venue before they take the stage. On November
22, 2014 in
On January 15, 2015, it was announced that the band's career would
end with international concerts in Japan, Australia, Brazil and Europe
before heading out for a second leg of North American concerts
throughout 2015, ending with a concert at the MGM Grand Garden Arena
On September 19, 2015, the band played the Rock in Rio festival on the main stage.
The band performed for the last time at Staples Center in Los Angeles on December 31, 2015. The band reported that their New Year's Eve show was going to be released in 2016. The movie was titled Motley Crue: THE END.
LEGACY AND INFLUENCE
* Nikki Sixx – bass, keyboards, backing vocals (1981–2015) * Mick Mars – lead guitar, sitar, mandolin, talkbox, backing vocals (1981–2015) * Vince Neil – lead vocals, rhythm guitar, harmonica (1981–1992, 1996–2015) * Tommy Lee – drums, percussion, keyboards, backing vocals (1981–1999, 2004–2015)
* John Corabi – lead vocals, rhythm guitar, bass, keyboards (1992–1996) * Randy Castillo – drums, percussion (1999–2002; his death) * Samantha Maloney – drums, percussion (2002-2004) (session/touring member 2000-2002)
* Sofia Toufa – backing vocals, dancer (2012–2015) * Allison Kyler – backing vocals, dancer (2011–2015) * Annalisia Simone – backing vocals (2011) * Morgan Rose – drums, percussion (August 2009) * Jozie DiMaria – dancer (1999, 2005-2006) * Pearl Aday – backing vocals (2000) * Emi Canyn – backing vocals (1987–1991) * Donna McDaniel – backing vocals (1987–1991)
AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS
Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Mötley Crüe
Main article: Mötley Crüe discography
Too Fast for Love (1981)
Shout at the Devil (1983)
Theatre of Pain (1985)
* Girls, Girls, Girls (1987)
* Dr. Feelgood (1989)
* 1981: Anywhere, USA Tour (Northern California)
* 1981–1982: Boys in Action Tour
* 1982: Crüesing Through Canada Tour
* 2000: New Tattoo Tour (Japan) * 2005: Red, White -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
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