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Lewis Allan Reed (March 2, 1942 – October 27, 2013) was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. He was the lead guitarist, singer and principal songwriter for the rock band the Velvet Underground, with a solo career that spanned five decades. The Velvet Underground achieved little commercial success during their existence, but are now regarded as one of the most influential bands in rock, underground, and alternative music. After leaving the band in 1970, he released 20 solo studio albums. Reed's second solo album, Transformer (1972), produced by David Bowie and arranged by Mick Ronson, brought Reed mainstream recognition. After Transformer, the concept album Berlin
Berlin
reached No. 7 on the UK Albums Chart. Rock n Roll Animal (a live album released in 1974) sold strongly and Sally Can't Dance
Sally Can't Dance
(1974) peaked at number 10 on the Billboard 200, but for a period Reed's work did not translate into sales, leading him into drug addiction and alcoholism. Reed made a gradual return to prominence with New Sensations
New Sensations
(1984), and his album New York (1989) is recognized as the height of his mid period. In the 1990s Reed participated in a revival of the Velvet Underground, and made several more albums, including a tribute to his mentor Andy Warhol. He contributed music to two theatrical interpretations of 19th-century writers, one of which he developed into an album. He married his third wife Laurie Anderson
Laurie Anderson
in 2008, made an album with Metallica, and died in 2013 of liver disease after a transplant.

Contents

1 1942–64: Early life 2 1964–70: Pickwick and the Velvet Underground 3 1970–75: Glam rock
Glam rock
and early commercial success 4 1975–79: Addiction
Addiction
and commercial decline 5 1980–89: Marriage and mid-period resurgence 6 1990–99: Velvet Underground reunion and various projects 7 2000–11: Rock and ambient experimentation 8 Death, legacy, and honors 9 Equipment

9.1 Guitars 9.2 Amplifiers

10 Discography 11 Filmography 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

1942–64: Early life[edit] Lewis Allan Reed was born on March 2, 1942 at Beth El Hospital (now Brookdale) in Brooklyn
Brooklyn
and grew up in Freeport, Long Island.[1][nb 1] Reed was the son of Toby (née Futterman) (1920–2013) and Sidney Joseph Reed (1913–2005), an accountant.[3] His family was Jewish;[4] his father had changed his name from Rabinowitz to Reed.[5] Reed later said that although he was Jewish, his real god was rock 'n' roll.[6][7]

Reed as a high school senior, 1959

Reed attended Atkinson Elementary School in Freeport and went on to Freeport Junior High School. His sister Merrill, born Elizabeth Reed, said that as a teenager, he suffered panic attacks, became socially awkward and "possessed a fragile temperament" but was highly focused on things that he liked, mainly music.[8] Having learned to play the guitar from the radio, he developed an early interest in rock and roll and rhythm and blues, and during high school played in several bands.[9] Reed began experimenting with drugs at the age of 16.[8] His first recording was as a member of a doo-wop band called the Jades. His love for playing music and his desire to play gigs brought him into confrontation with his anxious and unaccommodating parents.[8] His sister recalled that, during his first year in college, he was brought home one day having had a mental breakdown, after which he remained "depressed, anxious, and socially unresponsive" for a time, and that his parents were having difficulty coping. Visiting a psychologist, Reed's parents were made to feel guilty as inadequate parents, and consented to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).[8] Reed appeared to blame his father for the treatment to which he had been subjected.[8] He wrote about the experience in his 1974 song, "Kill Your Sons".[10][11] Reed later recalled the experience as having been traumatic and leading to memory loss. He believed that he was treated to dispel his feelings of homosexuality.[12] After Reed's death, his sister denied the ECT treatments were intended to suppress his "homosexual urges," asserting that their parents were not homophobic but had been told by his doctors that ECT was necessary to treat Reed's mental and behavioral issues.[8] Upon his recovery from his illness and associated treatment, Reed resumed his education at Syracuse University
Syracuse University
in 1960,[8] studying journalism, film directing, and creative writing. He was a platoon leader in ROTC; he said he was later expelled from the program for holding an unloaded gun to his superior's head.[13] In 1961, he began hosting a late-night radio program on WAER
WAER
called Excursions on a Wobbly Rail.[9] Named after a song by pianist Cecil Taylor, the program typically featured doo wop, rhythm and blues, and jazz, particularly the free jazz developed in the mid-1950s.[14] Reed said that when he started out he was inspired by such musicians as Ornette Coleman, who had "always been a great influence" on him; he said that his guitar on "European Son" was his way of trying to imitate the jazz saxophonist.[15] Reed's sister said that during her brother's time at Syracuse, the university authorities had tried unsuccessfully to expel him because they did not approve of his activities.[16] At Syracuse University, he studied under poet Delmore Schwartz, who he said was "the first great person I ever met," and they became friends. He credited Schwartz with showing him how "with the simplest language imaginable, and very short, you can accomplish the most astonishing heights."[17] One of Reed's fellow students at Syracuse in the early 1960s (who also studied under Schwartz) was the musician Garland Jeffreys; they remained close friends until the end of Reed's life.[18] Jeffreys recalled Reed's time at Syracuse: "At four in the afternoon we'd all meet at [the bar] The Orange Grove. Me, Delmore and Lou. That would often be the center of the crew. And Delmore was the leader - our quiet leader."[18] While at Syracuse, Reed was also introduced to heroin for the first time, and quickly contracted hepatitis.[19][20] Sterling Morrison
Sterling Morrison
was not attending Syracuse at the time, but met Reed while he was visiting mutual friend Jim Tucker, the older brother of Velvet Underground drummer Moe Tucker, who was attending school there. Reed later dedicated the song "European Son", from the first Velvet Underground album, to Schwartz.[21] In 1982, Reed recorded "My House" from his album The Blue Mask
The Blue Mask
as a tribute to his late mentor. He later said that his goals as a writer were "to bring the sensitivities of the novel to rock music" or to write the Great American Novel in a record album.[22] Reed graduated from Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences with a B.A. cum laude in English in June 1964.[11][23] 1964–70: Pickwick and the Velvet Underground[edit]

The Velvet Underground, 1968

In 1964, Reed moved to New York City
New York City
and began working as an in-house songwriter for Pickwick Records. In 1964, he wrote and recorded the single "The Ostrich", a parody of popular dance songs of the time, which included lines such as "put your head on the floor and have somebody step on it". His employers felt that the song had hit potential, and assembled a supporting band to help promote the recording. The ad hoc band, called "the Primitives", included Welsh musician John Cale, who had recently moved to New York to study music and was playing viola in composer La Monte Young's Theatre of Eternal Music, along with Tony Conrad. Cale and Conrad were surprised to find that for "The Ostrich", Reed tuned each string of his guitar to the same note, which they began to call his "ostrich guitar" tuning. This technique created a drone effect similar to their experimentation in Young's avant-garde ensemble. Disappointed with Reed's performance, Cale was nevertheless impressed by Reed's early repertoire (including "Heroin"), and a partnership began to evolve.[17] Reed and Cale (who played viola, keyboards and bass guitar) lived together on the Lower East Side, and invited Reed's college acquaintance guitarist Sterling Morrison
Sterling Morrison
and Cale's neighbor drummer Angus MacLise
Angus MacLise
to join the band, thus forming the Velvet Underground. When the opportunity came to play their first paying gig at Summit High School in Summit, New Jersey, MacLise quit because he believed that accepting money for art was a sellout and did not want to participate in a structured gig. He was replaced on drums by Moe Tucker, initially for that one show, but she soon became a full-time member with her drumming an integral part of the band's sound, despite Cale's initial objections. Though it had little commercial success, the band is considered one of the most influential in rock history.[24][25][26] Reed was the main singer and songwriter in the band.[27]

"Had he accomplished nothing else, his work with the Velvet Underground in the late sixties would assure him a place in anyone's rock & roll pantheon; those remarkable songs still serve as an articulate aural nightmare of men and women caught in the beauty and terror of sexual, street and drug paranoia, unwilling or unable to move. The message is that urban life is tough stuff—it will kill you; Reed, the poet of destruction, knows it but never looks away and somehow finds holiness as well as perversity in both his sinners and his quest. . . . [H]e is still one of a handful of American artists capable of the spiritual home run."

—Rolling Stone, 1975[28]

The band soon came to the attention of Andy Warhol. One of Warhol's first contributions was to integrate them into the Exploding Plastic Inevitable. Warhol's associates inspired many of Reed's songs as he fell into a thriving, multifaceted artistic scene.[29][30] Reed rarely gave an interview without paying homage to Warhol as a mentor. Warhol pushed the band to take on a chanteuse, the German former model and singer Nico. Despite his initial resistance, Reed wrote several songs for Nico
Nico
to sing, and the two were briefly lovers.[31] The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
& Nico
Nico
reached No. 171 on the charts.[25] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
listed it as the 13th greatest album of all time; Brian Eno once stated that although few people bought the album, most of them were inspired to form their own bands.[32] Václav Havel
Václav Havel
credited the album, which he bought while visiting the US, with inspiring him to become president of Czechoslovakia.[33] By the time the band recorded White Light/White Heat, Nico
Nico
had quit and Warhol had been fired, both against Cale's wishes. Warhol's replacement as manager was Steve Sesnick. In September 1968, Cale left the band at Reed's behest.[34] Morrison and Tucker were discomfited by Reed's tactics but continued with the band. Cale's replacement was Boston-based musician Doug Yule, who played bass guitar, keyboards and who would soon share lead vocal duties in the band with Reed.[35] The band now took on a more pop-oriented sound and acted more as a vehicle for Reed to develop his songwriting craft.[36] They released two studio albums with this line-up: 1969's The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
and 1970's Loaded. Reed left the Velvet Underground in August 1970.[37] The band disintegrated after Morrison and Tucker departed in 1971.[38] 1970–75: Glam rock
Glam rock
and early commercial success[edit] After leaving the Velvet Underground, Reed moved to his parents' home on Long Island, and took a job at his father's tax accounting firm as a typist, by his own account earning $40 a week ($252 in 2017 dollars[39]).[40] In 1971, he signed a recording contract with RCA Records and recorded his first solo album at Morgan Studios in Willesden, London with session musicians including Steve Howe and Rick Wakeman from the band Yes. The album, Lou Reed, contained versions of unreleased Velvet Underground songs, some of which had originally been recorded for Loaded but shelved.[nb 2] This album was overlooked by most pop music critics and did not sell well, although music critic Stephen Holden, in Rolling Stone, called it an "almost perfect album. . . . which embodied the spirit of the Velvets." Holden went on to compare Reed's voice with those of Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
and Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
and to praise the poetic quality of his lyrics.[41] Reed's breakthrough album, Transformer, was released in November 1972. Transformer was co-produced by David Bowie
David Bowie
and Mick Ronson, and it introduced Reed to a wider audience, especially in the UK. The single "Walk on the Wild Side" was a salute to the misfits and hustlers who once surrounded Andy Warhol. Each of the song's five verses describes a person who had been a fixture at The Factory
The Factory
during the mid-to-late 1960s: (1) Holly Woodlawn, (2) Candy Darling, (3) "Little Joe" Dallesandro, (4) "Sugar Plum Fairy" Joe Campbell and (5) Jackie Curtis. The song's transgressive lyrics evaded radio censorship. Though the jazzy arrangement (courtesy of bassist Herbie Flowers and saxophonist Ronnie Ross) was musically atypical for Reed, it eventually became his signature song.[42] It came about as a result of a commission to compose a soundtrack to a theatrical adaptation of Nelson Algren's novel of the same name; the play failed to materialize.[43] "Walk on the Wild Side" was Reed's only entry in the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
singles chart, at number 16.[44] Ronson's arrangements brought out new aspects of Reed's songs. "Perfect Day," for example, features delicate strings and soaring dynamics. It was rediscovered in the 1990s and allowed Reed to drop "Walk on the Wild Side" from his concerts.[45] Bowie and Reed fell out during a late-night meeting which led to Reed hitting Bowie. Bowie had told Reed that he would have to "clean up his act" if they were to work together again.[5][nb 3] Reed hired an inexperienced bar band, the Tots, to tour in support of Transformer and spent much of 1972 and early 1973 on the road with them. Though they improved over the months, criticism of their still-basic abilities ultimately led Reed to fire them mid-tour. He chose keyboardist Moogy Klingman
Moogy Klingman
to come up with a new five-member backing band on barely a week's notice.[47] In 1973 Reed married Bettye Kronstad. She later said he had been a violent drunk when on tour.[48] Berlin
Berlin
(July 1973) was a concept album about two junkies in love in the city. The songs variously concern domestic violence ("Caroline Says I", "Caroline Says II"), drug addiction ("How Do You Think It Feels"), adultery and prostitution ("The Kids"), and suicide ("The Bed"). Reed's late-1973 European tour, featuring lead guitarists Steve Hunter
Steve Hunter
and Dick Wagner, mixed his Berlin
Berlin
material with older numbers. Response to Berlin
Berlin
at the time of its release was negative, with Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
pronouncing it "a disaster".[49] Reed found the poor reviews it received very frustrating.[50] Since then the album has been critically reevaluated, and in 2003 Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
included it in their list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.[51] Berlin
Berlin
made number 7 in the UK charts.[52] Rock 'n' Roll Animal
Rock 'n' Roll Animal
(February 1974) contained live performances of the Velvet Underground songs "Sweet Jane", "Heroin", "White Light/White Heat", and "Rock and Roll". Wagner's live arrangements, and Hunter's intro to "Sweet Jane"[53] which opened the album, gave Reed's songs the live rock sound he was looking for, and the album peaked at #45 on the Top 200 Billboard Chart for 28 weeks and soon became Reed's biggest selling album.[nb 4] It went gold in 1978, with 500,000 certified sales.[54] Sally Can't Dance
Sally Can't Dance
(August 1974) became Reed's highest-charting album in the United States, peaking at number 10 during a 14-week stay on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
album chart in October 1974.[55] 1975–79: Addiction
Addiction
and commercial decline[edit] Throughout the 1970s Reed was a heavy user of methamphetamine and alcohol.[48][56] Metal Machine Music
Metal Machine Music
(1975) was an hour of modulated feedback and guitar effects. Critics interpreted it as a gesture of contempt, an attempt to break his contract with RCA or to alienate his less sophisticated fans. Reed claimed that the album was a genuine artistic effort, even suggesting that quotations of classical music could be found buried in the feedback. Lester Bangs
Lester Bangs
declared it "genius", though also psychologically disturbing. The album was reportedly returned to stores by the thousands and was withdrawn after a few weeks.[57][58] 1976's Coney Island Baby
Coney Island Baby
still drew on the underbelly of city life. At this time his lover was a transgender woman, Rachel, mentioned in the dedication of "Coney Island Baby" and appearing in the photos on the cover of Reed's 1977 "best of" album, Walk on the Wild Side: The Best of Lou Reed. Rock and Roll Heart
Rock and Roll Heart
was his 1976 debut for his new record label Arista, and Street Hassle
Street Hassle
(1978) was released in the midst of the punk scene he had helped to inspire. Reed took on a watchful, competitive and sometimes dismissive attitude towards punk. Aware that he had inspired them, he regularly attended shows at CBGB
CBGB
to track the artistic and commercial development of numerous punk bands, and a cover illustration and interview of Reed appeared in the first issue of Punk by Legs McNeil.[59]

" Lou Reed
Lou Reed
doesn't just write about squalid characters, he allows them to leer and breathe in their own voices, and he colors familiar landscapes through their own eyes. In the process, Reed has created a body of music that comes as close to disclosing the parameters of human loss and recovery as we're likely to find. That qualifies him, in my opinion, as one of the few real heroes rock & roll has raised."

—Mikal Gilmore, Rolling Stone, (1979)[60]

In 1978 Reed released his third live album, Live: Take No Prisoners, which some critics thought was his "bravest work yet," while others considered it his "silliest."[60] Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
described it as "one of the funniest live albums ever recorded" and compared Reed's monologues with those of Lenny Bruce.[60] Reed felt it was his best album to date.[60] The Bells (1979) featured jazz trumpeter Don Cherry. Around this period Reed also appeared as a sleazy record producer in Paul Simon's film One-Trick Pony.[61] From around 1979 Reed began to wean himself off drugs.[48] 1980–89: Marriage and mid-period resurgence[edit] In 1980, Reed married British designer Sylvia Morales.[62][63] Morales inspired Reed to write several songs, particularly "Think It Over" from 1980's Growing Up in Public[64] and "Heavenly Arms" from 1982's The Blue Mask.[65] After Legendary Hearts
Legendary Hearts
(1983) and New Sensations (1984), Reed was sufficiently reestablished as a public figure to become spokesman for Honda
Honda
motorcycles.[66] In the early 1980s, Reed worked with guitarists including Chuck Hammer
Chuck Hammer
on Growing Up in Public, and Robert Quine
Robert Quine
on The Blue Mask
The Blue Mask
and Legendary Hearts. The New York Times
The New York Times
observed in 1998 that in the 1970s, Reed had a distinctive persona: "Back then he was publicly gay, pretended to shoot heroin onstage, and cultivated a 'Dachau panda' look, with cropped peroxide hair and black circles painted under his eyes."[67] The newspaper wrote that in 1980, "Reed renounced druggy theatrics, even swore off intoxicants themselves, and became openly heterosexual, openly married."[67]

Reed performing live during a benefit concert for A Conspiracy of Hope in East Rutherford, New Jersey, 1986

On September 22, 1985, Reed performed at the first Farm Aid
Farm Aid
concert in Champaign, Illinois. He performed "Doin' the Things That We Want To", "I Love You, Suzanne", "New Sensations" and "Walk on the Wild Side" as his solo set, later playing bass for Roy Orbison
Roy Orbison
during his set. In June 1986, Reed released Mistrial (co-produced with Fernando Saunders). To support the album, he released two music videos: "No Money Down" and "The Original Wrapper". In the same year, he joined Amnesty International's A Conspiracy of Hope
A Conspiracy of Hope
short tour and was outspoken about New York City's political issues and personalities. The 1989 album New York, which commented on crime, AIDS, Jesse Jackson, Kurt Waldheim
Kurt Waldheim
and Pope John Paul II, became his second gold-certified work when it passed 500,000 sales in 1997.[54] Reed was nominated for a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for best male rock vocal performance for the album.[44] 1990–99: Velvet Underground reunion and various projects[edit]

The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
reformed in 1993. From left to right: Morrison (at back), Tucker, Cale and Reed

Reed met John Cale
John Cale
for the first time in decades at Warhol's funeral in 1987. They worked together on the album Songs for Drella
Songs for Drella
(April 1990), a song cycle about Warhol.[68] On the album, Reed sings of his love for his late friend, and criticizes both the doctors who were unable to save Warhol's life and Warhol's would-be assassin, Valerie Solanas. In June 1990 the first Velvet Underground lineup reformed for a Fondation Cartier benefit show in France.[69] In June and July 1993, the Velvet Underground again reunited and toured Europe, including an appearance at the Glastonbury Festival; plans for a North American tour were cancelled following a dispute between Reed and Cale.[70][71] Reed had released his sixteenth solo album, Magic and Loss, in January 1992, an album about mortality, inspired by the death of two close friends from cancer. In 1994, Reed appeared in A Celebration: The Music of Pete Townshend and The Who. In the same year, Reed and Morales were divorced.[72] In 1996, the Velvet Underground were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. At the ceremony, Reed, Cale and Tucker performed a song entitled "Last Night I Said Goodbye to My Friend", dedicated to Sterling Morrison, who had died the previous August.[73] During the 1996 presidential campaign, he released the song "Sex With Your Parents," intended to poke fun at right-wing Republicans opposed to freedom of expression.[67] In February 1996 Reed released Set the Twilight Reeling, and in April 2000 Ecstasy. In 1996, Reed contributed songs and music to Time Rocker, a theatrical interpretation of H. G. Wells' The Time Machine by director Robert Wilson. The piece premiered in the Thalia Theater, Hamburg, and was later also shown at the Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Academy of Music in New York.[74] In 1998, the PBS
PBS
television series American Masters
American Masters
aired Timothy Greenfield-Sanders' feature documentary Lou Reed: Rock and Roll Heart. The film, which premiered at the Sundance Film Festival
Sundance Film Festival
in the US and at the Berlin
Berlin
International Film Festival, went on to screen at over 50 festivals worldwide. In 1999, the film and Reed as its subject received a Grammy Award
Grammy Award
for Best Long Form Music Video.[75] From the late 1990s, Reed was romantically linked to musician, multimedia and performance artist Laurie Anderson, and the two worked together on several recordings. They married on April 12, 2008.[76] 2000–11: Rock and ambient experimentation[edit]

Reed performing live at Schnitzer Concert Hall in Portland, Oregon, 2004

In February 2000, Reed worked with Robert Wilson at the Thalia Theater again, on "Poe-Try", another production inspired by the works of a 19th-century writer, this time Edgar Allan Poe. In January 2003, Reed released a 2-CD set, The Raven, based on it. The album consists of songs written by Reed and spoken-word performances of reworked and rewritten texts of Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
by the actors, set to electronic music composed by Reed. It features David Bowie
David Bowie
and Ornette Coleman.[77] A single disc CD version of the album, focusing on the music, was also released.[nb 5] In May 2000, Reed performed before Pope John Paul II
Pope John Paul II
at the Great Jubilee Concert in Rome.[79] In 2001, Reed made a cameo appearance in the movie adaptation of Prozac Nation. On October 6, 2001, the New York Times published a Reed poem called "Laurie Sadly Listening" in which he reflects on the September 11 attacks.[80] Incorrect reports of Reed's death were broadcast by numerous US radio stations in 2001, caused by a hoax email (purporting to be from Reuters) which said he had died of a drug overdose.[81] In April 2003, Reed embarked on a world tour with a band including cellist Jane Scarpantoni and singer Anohni. This tour was documented in the 2004 live double album Animal Serenade, recorded at the Wiltern in Los Angeles, California. In 2003, Reed released a book of photographs, Emotions in Action. This comprised an A4-sized book called Emotions and a smaller one called Actions laid into its hard cover. In January 2006, he released a second book of photographs, Lou Reed's New York.[82] A third volume, Romanticism, was released in 2009.[5][83]

Reed performing in Málaga, Spain, 2008

In 2004, a Groovefinder remix of his song "Satellite of Love", called " Satellite of Love
Satellite of Love
'04", was released. It reached No. 10 in the UK Singles Chart.[84] In October 2006, Reed appeared at Hal Willner's Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
tribute show "Came So Far for Beauty" in Dublin, along with Laurie Anderson, Nick Cave, Anohni, Jarvis Cocker, and Beth Orton. He played a heavy metal version of Cohen's "The Stranger Song".[85] In December 2006, Reed played a series of shows at St. Ann's Warehouse, Brooklyn, based on Berlin. Reed played with guitarist Steve Hunter, who played on the original album and Rock 'n' Roll Animal, and was joined by singers Anohni
Anohni
and Sharon Jones. The show was produced by Bob Ezrin, who also produced the original album, and Hal Willner.[86] The show played at the Sydney Festival
Sydney Festival
in January 2007 and in Europe during June and July 2007. The album version of the concert, entitled Berlin: Live
Live
at St. Ann's Warehouse, and a live film recording of these concerts were both released in 2008. In April 2007, he released Hudson River Wind Meditations, an album of ambient meditational music. It was released on the Sounds True record label. In June 2007, he performed at the Traffic Festival 2007 in Turin, Italy, a five-day free event organized by the city. In the same month "Pale Blue Eyes" was included in the soundtrack of the French-language film, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly.[87] In August 2007, Reed recorded "Tranquilize" with the Killers in New York City, a duet with Brandon Flowers
Brandon Flowers
for the B-side/rarities album Sawdust.

Reed performing the Berlin
Berlin
album live at the Globe Annex in Stockholm, 2008

On October 2 and 3, 2008, he introduced his new group, which was later named Metal Machine Trio, at the Walt Disney Concert Hall Complex in Los Angeles. The trio featured Ulrich Krieger (saxophone) and Sarth Calhoun (electronics), and played improvised instrumental music inspired by Metal Machine Music. Recordings of the concerts were released under the title The Creation of the Universe. The trio played at New York's Gramercy Theatre
Gramercy Theatre
in April 2009, and appeared as part of Reed's band at the 2009 Lollapalooza.[88] Reed provided the voice of Maltazard, the villain in the 2009 Luc Besson animated/live-action feature film Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard and appeared as himself in Wim Wenders' 2008 film Palermo Shooting.

Reed performing at the Hop Farm Festival
Hop Farm Festival
in Paddock Wood, Kent, 2011

Reed played "Sweet Jane" and "White Light/White Heat" with Metallica at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
during the twenty-fifth anniversary celebration of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
on October 30, 2009.[89][90] In October 2011, Metallica
Metallica
and Reed released the collaboration album Lulu.[91] It was based on the "Lulu plays" by the German playwright Frank Wedekind
Frank Wedekind
(1864–1918). The album received mixed and mainly negative reviews from music critics.[92][93] Reed joked that he had no fans left.[94] The album debuted at number 36 on the Billboard 200
Billboard 200
with first-week sales of 13,000 copies.[95] Death, legacy, and honors[edit] Reed had suffered from hepatitis and diabetes for several years. He was treated with interferon but developed liver cancer.[96] In May 2013, he underwent a liver transplant at the Cleveland Clinic.[97][98] Afterwards, on his website, he wrote of feeling "bigger and stronger" than ever, but on October 27, 2013, he died from liver disease[99] at his home in East Hampton, New York, at the age of 71. He was cremated and the ashes were given to his family.[100][101] His wife Laurie Anderson
Laurie Anderson
said his last days were peaceful and described him as a "prince and a fighter". He had practiced tai chi during the last part of his life.[48][96] David Byrne,[102] Patti Smith,[103] David Bowie, Morrissey, Iggy Pop, Courtney Love, Lenny Kravitz, and many others also paid tribute to Reed.[104][105][106] Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
dedicated their song "Man of the Hour" to Reed at their show in Baltimore
Baltimore
and then played "I'm Waiting for the Man".[107] On the day of his death, the Killers dedicated their rendition of "Pale Blue Eyes" to Reed at the Life Is Beautiful festival in Las Vegas.[108] Former Velvet Underground members Moe Tucker[109] and John Cale
John Cale
made statements on Reed's death,[110] and notables from far outside the music industry paid their respects such as Cardinal Gianfranco Ravasi.[111] On November 14, 2013, a three-hour public memorial was held near Lincoln Center's Paul Milstein Pool and Terrace. Billed as "New York: Lou Reed
Lou Reed
at Lincoln Center," the ceremony featured favorite Reed recordings selected by family and friends.[112] Reed's estate was valued at $30 million, $20 million of which accrued after his death. He left everything to his wife and his sister.[113] Reed's induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
as a solo artist was announced on December 16, 2014.[114] He was inducted by Patti Smith at a ceremony in Cleveland on April 18, 2015.[115] In 2017 Lou Reed: A Life was published by the Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
critic Anthony DeCurtis.[116] Equipment[edit] Guitars[edit]

Fender Telecaster Carl Thompson six-string guitar Steve Klein electric guitar Epiphone
Epiphone
Riviera electric guitar Gretsch
Gretsch
Country Gentleman Gibson ES-335TD electric guitar Steinberger
Steinberger
Synapse Transcale ST-2FPA Custom Fender Electric XII
Fender Electric XII
twelve-string Gibson SG
Gibson SG
Standard electric guitar

Amplifiers[edit]

Fender 'wide panel tweed' Deluxe Amp 5C3 Soldano SLO 100 100-Watt Tube guitar amplifier Tone King
Tone King
Imperial 1x12 Combo guitar amplifier Sears
Sears
Silvertone 1484 Twin-Twelve

Discography[edit] Main article: Lou Reed
Lou Reed
discography

Solo

Lou Reed
Lou Reed
(1972) Transformer (1972) Berlin
Berlin
(1973) Sally Can't Dance
Sally Can't Dance
(1974) Metal Machine Music
Metal Machine Music
(1975) Coney Island Baby
Coney Island Baby
(1976) Rock and Roll Heart
Rock and Roll Heart
(1976) Street Hassle
Street Hassle
(1978) The Bells (1979) Growing Up in Public (1980) The Blue Mask
The Blue Mask
(1982) Legendary Hearts
Legendary Hearts
(1983) New Sensations
New Sensations
(1984) Mistrial (1986)

New York (1989) Magic and Loss
Magic and Loss
(1992) Set the Twilight Reeling
Set the Twilight Reeling
(1996) Ecstasy (2000) The Raven (2003) Hudson River Wind Meditations
Hudson River Wind Meditations
(2007)

Collaborations

Songs for Drella
Songs for Drella
(1990) (with John Cale) Lulu (2011) (with Metallica)

The Velvet Underground

The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
& Nico
Nico
(1967) White Light/White Heat
White Light/White Heat
(1968) The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
(1969) Loaded (1970)

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1980 One-Trick Pony Steve Kunelian

1983 Get Crazy Auden

Rock & Rule Mok's singing voice

1988 Permanent Record Himself

1993 Faraway, So Close! Himself

1995 Blue in the Face Man with Strange Glasses

1997 Closure Himself

1998 Lulu on the Bridge Not Lou Reed Cameo

2001 Prozac Nation Himself

2008 Berlin: Live
Live
at St. Ann's Warehouse Himself

Palermo Shooting Himself

2009 Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard Emperor Maltazard (voice) Replaced David Bowie, who voiced the character in the first installment.

2010 Arthur 3: The War of the Two Worlds Emperor Maltazard (voice)

2010 Red Shirley Director, Interviewer Documentary, 28 mins.

2016 Danny Says Subject Documentary, 104 mins. Features archival tape from 1975 of Lou Reed listening to the Ramones
Ramones
for the first time with music manager Danny Fields

See also[edit]

Biography portal Arts portal Music portal Film portal LGBT portal

Loureedia, a genus of (underground) velvet spiders named for Lou Reed

References[edit] Notes

^ Contrary to some sources, his birth name was Lewis Allan Reed, not Louis Firbanks, a name that was coined as a joke by Lester Bangs
Lester Bangs
in Creem
Creem
magazine.[2] ^ Some later appeared on the Peel Slowly and See
Peel Slowly and See
box set. ^ The two reconciled years later, and Reed performed with Bowie at the latter's 50th birthday concert at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
in 1997.[46] ^ Rock 'n' Roll Animal
Rock 'n' Roll Animal
and its follow-up Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Live
Live
(1975) were both recorded at the Academy of Music, New York City, on December 21, 1973. ^ In 2011, Reed developed the CD into an illustrated book, with art by Lorenzo Mattotti, published by Fantagraphics.[78]

Citations

^ "Lou Reed, 'Walk on the Wild Side' Rocker, Dies at 71". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ Roberts & Reed (2004), p. 18. ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Facts, information, pictures". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved December 24, 2012.  ^ Beeber (2006), p. 11. ^ a b c DeCurtis (2017). ^ Gabriella (November 1998). "The Gospel According to Lou: Interview with Lou Reed". Nyrock.com. Archived from the original on October 31, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.  ^ "Lou Reed's paradoxical Jewishness". The Times of Israel. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g Weiner, Merrill Reed (April 11, 2015). "A Family in Peril: Lou Reed's Sister Sets the Record Straight About His Childhood". Medium.com. Retrieved June 6, 2017.  ^ a b " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
and Julian Schnabel". Spectacle. Season 1. Episode 2. 2008. Archived from the original on April 15, 2009.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Lived and Died with a Broken Heart". Fatherhood Channel. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ a b Colin, Chris. "Lou Reed". Salon. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2010.  ^ McNeil & McCain (2006), p. 4. ^ Cocks, Jay (April 24, 1978). "Music: Lou Reed's Nightshade Carnival". Time. New York. Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ Fricke, David (1995). Peel Slowly and See
Peel Slowly and See
(liner notes). Polydor.  ^ "The Jazz-Punk Connection". furious.com. Retrieved January 18, 2017.  ^ "Lou Reed, 1942-2013". loureed.com. Retrieved January 18, 2017. [He] started a band, he had his own radio show. He reportedly libeled some student on his radio show; the kid's family tried to sue my father. And there were other extracurricular possibly illegal activities of which the university didn't approve. I believe they tried to kick him out. But he was a genius; what could they do? He stayed and he graduated.  ^ a b "Rock and Roll Heart," documentary on the life of Lou Reed, American Masters ^ a b " Garland Jeffreys
Garland Jeffreys
remembers his friend, Lou Reed". syracuse.com. Retrieved January 18, 2017.  ^ Clapton (2012). ^ "Obituary: How Lou Reed
Lou Reed
shaped rock". BBC Online. October 28, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2018.  ^ The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
& Nico
Nico
(album cover notes and record label). 1967.  ^ Interview in Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Nov/Dec 1987: Twentieth Anniversary Issue. ^ "Statement from Syracuse University
Syracuse University
Regarding the Passing of Lou Reed". Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ "News from the Library of Congress". National Recording Registry. Library of Congress. March 6, 2007. For decades this album has cast a huge shadow over nearly every sub-variety of avant-garde rock, from 1970s art-rock to No Wave, New Wave and Punk. Referring to their sway over the rock music of the '70s and '80s, critic Lester Bangs
Lester Bangs
stated, 'Modern music starts with the Velvets, and the implications and influence of what they did seem to go on forever.'  ^ a b " The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
Biography". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. The influence of the Velvet Underground on rock greatly exceeds their sales figures and chart numbers. They are one of the most important rock and roll bands of all time, laying the groundwork in the Sixties for many tangents rock music would take in ensuing decades.  ^ Kot, Greg (October 21, 2014). "The Velvet Underground: As influential as The Beatles?". BBC. Retrieved November 25, 2016.  ^ Unterberger, Richie. " The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
– Biography & History". AllMusic. Retrieved March 26, 2017.  ^ Nelson, Paul. Rolling Stone, June 5, 1975. p. 60. ^ Reed (1991), pp. 22, 38, 42. ^ Thompson (2009), p. 18. ^ Bockris (1994), pp. 104, 106, 107. ^ Jones, Chris (2002). "Review of The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
- The Velvet Underground & Nico
Nico
(Deluxe Edition)". BBC Music. Archived from the original on April 30, 2012. Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ "The True Story Of How Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Helped Overthrow Communism In Eastern Europe". Business Insider. October 27, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Bockris (1994), p. 160. ^ Bockris (1994), pp. 164, 167. ^ Bockris (1994), p. 164, 166. ^ Bockris (1994), p. 177. ^ Unterberger (2009), pp. 307, 317. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2018.  ^ Unterberger, Richie (May 30, 2009). "White Light / White Heat". The WELL. The Well Group. p. 3. Archived from the original on December 2, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2013.  ^ Holden, Stephen (May 25, 1972). Rolling Stone. p. 68 ^ Wiener, John (May 11, 1987). "Beatles Buy-Out". The New Republic.  ^ Reed (1991), p. 42. ^ a b Caulfield, Keith (October 27, 2013). "Lou Reed's 'Perfect' Billboard Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved February 17, 2018.  ^ Walker, Nick (October 13, 1997). "Blurred vision at the Beeb". The Independent.  ^ "David Bowie's 50th birthday performance with Lou Reed". Retrieved February 16, 2018.  ^ Bershaw. "Concert Summary: May 2, 1973". Wolfgangs Vault. Retrieved March 2, 2012.  ^ a b c d Williams, Alex (November 1, 2015). "Who Was the Real Lou Reed?". The New York Times.  ^ Bockris (1994), p. 221. ^ Morley, Paul (November 1, 2013). "Lou Reed: rock 'n' roll animal". Financial Times. Retrieved February 17, 2018.  ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: 344. Lou Reed, Berlin". Rolling Stone.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ Pedersen, Greg (May 15, 2001). " Dick Wagner and Steve Hunter".  ^ a b "RIAA". Retrieved 17 February 2018.  ^ " Sally Can't Dance
Sally Can't Dance
Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved February 9, 2018.  ^ Sawer, Patrick (June 1, 2011). " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
saved by liver transplant after years of drugs and alcohol take their toll - Telegraph". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved February 17, 2018.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
with Anthony DeCurtis
Anthony DeCurtis
- 92Y On Demand". September 18, 2006. Retrieved February 16, 2018.  ^ "Review of Lou Reed
Lou Reed
- Metal Machine Music: Re-mastered". BBC Online. BBC - Music. Retrieved February 17, 2018.  ^ "PUNK Magazine Began With Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Comic". October 28, 2013.  ^ a b c d Gilmore, Mikal (March 22, 1979). "Lou Reed's heart of darkness". Rolling Stone. pp. 8, 12.  ^ "One-Trick Pony (1980)". IMDb.  ^ "Bettye Kronstad has spoken about her marriage to Lou Reed
Lou Reed
for the first time". The Independent. April 10, 2015. Retrieved November 8, 2017.  ^ Sandall, Robert (February 9, 2003). "Lou Reed: Walk on the mild side". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved December 20, 2008.  (subscription required) ^ Reed (1991), p. 71. ^ Carson, Tom (April 15, 1982). "The Blue Mask". Rolling Stone.  ^ Bockris (1994), p. 351. ^ a b c Lewis, Randy (October 28, 2013). "Lou Reed, 1942 - 2013 Influential pioneer of punk, art rock". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. p. 1. Retrieved December 7, 2013.  ^ Anderson, Kyle (October 28, 2013). " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
remembered by VU bandmate John Cale". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ Greene, Andy (October 25, 2016). "See Velvet Underground Play 'Heroin' at 1990 Reunion - Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ Rockwell, John (June 5, 1993). "Older but Still Hip, the Velvet Underground Rocks Again". Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ "Their Last Tour: The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
- Live
Live
in Paris, 1993". Dangerous Minds. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ Brown (2013), p. 98. ^ Greene, Andy (April 7, 2014). "7. The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
(1996)". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 15, 2018.  ^ Pareles, Jon (November 14, 1997). "Next Wave Festival: Echoes of H. G. Wells, Rhythms of Lou Reed". The New York Times.  ^ "Lou Reed". Grammy Award. www.grammy.com. Retrieved February 17, 2018.  ^ Aleksander, Irina (April 23, 2008). "Morning Memo: Lou Reed
Lou Reed
and Laurie Anderson
Laurie Anderson
Make it Legal". The New York Observer. Retrieved August 5, 2015.  ^ "Lou Reed's Obsession With Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe
Spawns The Raven". VH1. December 27, 2002. Archived from the original on June 5, 2011.  ^ "Ravenous Reed". The New Yorker. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ "Pope John Paul II: Friend Of Bono, Fan Of Pop Culture". MTV. Retrieved 18 February 2018.  ^ "War Poems". Bushwatch.com. Retrieved March 26, 2010.  ^ "Death of Lou Reed", Museum of Hoaxes web site ^ Lou Reed's New York. Archived from the original on September 8, 2009 – via Artbook.com.  ^ "Lou Reed: Photographer". The Independent. November 10, 2009. Retrieved February 18, 2018.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
full Official Chart History". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 16, 2018.  ^ ""Came so far for Beauty" in Dublin". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ "Watch Spectacle: Elvis Costello With... - Lou Reed
Lou Reed
and Julian Schnabel Online". TV.com.  ^ "The Diving Bell and the Butterfly (2007) - Soundtracks". IMDb.  ^ " Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
review of the Metal Machine Trio concert at the Gramercy in New York". Rolling Stone. April 24, 2009. Archived from the original on April 27, 2009.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
at Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
2009". Lollapalooza
Lollapalooza
2009. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2010.  ^ " Metallica
Metallica
with Ozzy, Lou Reed, Ray Davies at Rock Hall Concert: More Video Footage Available". Roadrunner Records. Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved March 26, 2010.  ^ "Secret Recording Project?". Metallica.com. June 15, 2010. Archived from the original on June 18, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.  ^ "Lulu Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved January 28, 2012.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
and Metallica
Metallica
- Lulu (staff review)". Sputnikmusic. October 21, 2011. Retrieved October 25, 2011.  ^ Gundersen, Edna (November 1, 2011). "Metallica, Lou Reed
Lou Reed
go on a genre bender with 'Lulu'". USA Today. Gannett Company. Retrieved November 4, 2011.  ^ Greene, Andy (November 9, 2011). "On The Charts: Justin Bieber Annihilates Loutallica". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 10, 2011.  ^ a b "Laurie Anderson, "For 21 years we tangled our minds and hearts together"". Rolling Stone. November 6, 2013. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Recovering From Liver Transplant". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Feran, Tom (June 11, 2013)." Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland Clinic
confirms rock legend Lou Reed
Lou Reed
underwent liver transplant at hospital". The Plain Dealer (Cleveland). Retrieved October 31, 2013. ^ "Lou Reed's Cause of Death Confirmed". Verbicide Magazine. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ Ratliff, Ben (October 27, 2013). "Outsider Whose Dark, Lyrical Vision Helped Shape Rock 'n' Roll". The New York Times. Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ "Lou Reed, Velvet Underground Leader and Rock Pioneer, Dead at 71". Rolling Stone. October 27, 2013. Retrieved October 27, 2013.  ^ " David Byrne
David Byrne
Remembers the 'Brave' Lou Reed". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ "Patti Smith: ' Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Was a Very Special
Special
Poet". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ " David Bowie
David Bowie
leads tributes to 'master' Lou Reed". BBC News. Retrieved September 28, 2014.  ^ "Just wild about Lou: Tributes pour in for rock pioneer Lou Reed". The Independent. October 28, 2013. Retrieved December 3, 2013.  ^ Battan, Carrie (October 28, 2013). "David Bowie, Morrissey, John Cale Release Statements on Lou Reed's Death". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved October 29, 2013.  ^ Case, Wesley (October 28, 2013)."After 23 Years Pearl Jam
Pearl Jam
Finally Comes to Baltimore". The Sun (Baltimore). Retrieved October 28, 2013 ^ " The Killers
The Killers
cover Lou Reed's 'Pale Blue Eyes' at Las Vegas
Las Vegas
gig – watch". NME. October 30, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.  ^ Almasy, Steve; Smith, Matyty (October 28, 2013). "Rock legend Lou Reed dies at 71". CNN. Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ " John Cale
John Cale
Remembers Friend Lou Reed: 'We Have the Best of Our Fury Laid Out on Vinyl'". The Hollywood Reporter. October 27, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2013.  ^ Runcie, Charlotte (October 28, 2013). "Vatican leads tributes to Lou Reed", The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
(London). ^ Chiu, David (March 4, 2014). "Lou Reed's Memorial Lets the Music Speak for Itself". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 14, 2013.  ^ " Lou Reed
Lou Reed
leaves $30m fortune". TheGuardian.com. July 1, 2014. Retrieved February 17, 2018.  ^ "Green Day, Lou Reed
Lou Reed
among Rock Hall inductees", USA Today. December 16, 2014. Retrieved December 18, 2014 ^ "Read Patti Smith's Poignant Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Rock Hall Induction". Rolling Stone. April 19, 2015.  ^ "My brilliant and troubled friend Lou Reed". TheGuardian.com. October 1, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018. 

Bibliography

Beeber, Steven Lee (2006). The Heebie-Jeebies at CBGB's: A Secret History of Jewish Punk. ISBN 9781556527616.  Bockris, Victor (1994). Transformer: The Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Story. ISBN 0-684-80366-6.  Brown, Bill (2013). Words and Guitar: A History of Lou Reed's Music. Colossal Books. ISBN 9780615933771.  DeCurtis, Anthony (2017). Lou Reed: A Life. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 9781444794595.  Clapton, Diana (2012). Lou Reed
Lou Reed
& The Velvet Underground. Music Sales Group. ISBN 9780857127570.  McNeil, Legs; McCain, Gillian (2006). Please Kill Me: The Uncensored Oral History of Punk. Grove Press. ISBN 9780802142641.  Reed, Lou (1991). Between Thought and Expression: Selected Lyrics of Lou Reed. Hyperion. ISBN 1-56282-923-8.  Roberts, Chris; Reed, Lou (2004). Lou Reed: The Stories Behind the Songs. Hal Leonard. ISBN 0-634-08032-6.  Thompson, Dave (2009). Your Pretty Face Is Going to Hell: The Dangerous Glitter of David Bowie, Iggy Pop, and Lou Reed. Backbeat Books. ISBN 9781617134081.  Unterberger, Richie (2009). White Light/White Heat: The Velvet Underground Day-by-Day. London: Jawbone Press. ISBN 978-1-906002-22-0. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Lou Reed.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Lou Reed

Official website Lou Reed
Lou Reed
at AllMusic Lou Reed discography
Lou Reed discography
at Discogs Lou Reed
Lou Reed
on IMDb Lou Reed
Lou Reed
at the Internet Broadway Database Comprehensive music biography of Reed by Allmusic

v t e

Lou Reed

Discography

Studio albums

Lou Reed Transformer Berlin Sally Can't Dance Metal Machine Music Coney Island Baby Rock and Roll Heart Street Hassle The Bells Growing Up in Public The Blue Mask Legendary Hearts New Sensations Mistrial New York Magic and Loss Set the Twilight Reeling Ecstasy The Raven Hudson River Wind Meditations

Collaborations

Le Bataclan '72
Le Bataclan '72
(with John Cale
John Cale
and Nico) Songs for Drella
Songs for Drella
(with John Cale) The Stone: Issue Three (with John Zorn
John Zorn
and Laurie Anderson) Lulu (with Metallica)

Live
Live
albums

Rock 'n' Roll Animal Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Live Live: Take No Prisoners Live
Live
in Italy Live
Live
in Concert Perfect Night: Live
Live
in London American Poet Animal Serenade Berlin: Live
Live
At St. Ann's Warehouse The Creation of the Universe

Compilations

Walk on the Wild Side: The Best of Lou Reed Rock and Roll Diary: 1967–1980 City Lights Walk on the Wild Side & Other Hits Different Times: Lou Reed
Lou Reed
in the '70s The Best of Lou Reed
Lou Reed
& The Velvet Underground A Retrospective Perfect Day Retro The Definitive Collection The Very Best of Lou Reed Legendary Lou Reed NYC Man (The Ultimate Collection 1967–2003) The Essential Lou Reed

Singles

"Walk on the Wild Side" "Satellite of Love" "Vicious" "Sweet Jane" "Street Hassle" "September Song" "The Original Wrapper" "No Money Down" "Dirty Blvd."

Box sets

Between Thought and Expression: The Lou Reed
Lou Reed
Anthology

Related articles

The Velvet Underground John Cale Nico Metal Machine Trio Live
Live
at Montreux 2000 Loureedia

v t e

The Velvet Underground

John Cale Lou Reed Sterling Morrison Moe Tucker Doug Yule

Willie Alexander Angus MacLise Nico Walter Powers Billy Yule

Studio albums

The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
& Nico White Light/White Heat The Velvet Underground Loaded Squeeze

Live
Live
albums

Live
Live
at Max's Kansas City 1969: The Velvet Underground
The Velvet Underground
Live Live
Live
MCMXCIII Final V.U. 1971–1973 The Quine Tapes The Complete Matrix Tapes

Box sets and out-takes

VU Another View Peel Slowly and See

Compilations

Andy Warhol's Velvet Underground Featuring Nico The Best of The Velvet Underground: Words and Music of Lou Reed The Best of Lou Reed
Lou Reed
& The Velvet Underground The Best of The Velvet Underground: The Millennium Collection The Very Best of the Velvet Underground Gold

Songs

"After Hours" "All Tomorrow's Parties" "European Son" "Femme Fatale" "Here She Comes Now" "Heroin" "I Heard Her Call My Name" "I'll Be Your Mirror" "I'm Waiting for the Man" "Lady Godiva's Operation" "New Age" "Pale Blue Eyes" "Rock & Roll" "Run Run Run" "Sister Ray" "Stephanie Says" "Sunday Morning" "Sweet Jane" "The Black Angel's Death Song" "The Gift" "There She Goes Again" "Venus in Furs" "White Light/White Heat"

Tribute albums

Heaven & Hell Fifteen Minutes

Related articles

Discography Songs A Symphony of Sound Walter De Maria Exploding Plastic Inevitable Steve Sesnick Andy Warhol Tom Wilson Songs for Drella The Pizza Underground

v t e

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 2015

Performers

Paul Butterfield
Paul Butterfield
Blues Band Green Day Joan Jett
Joan Jett
and the Blackhearts Lou Reed Stevie Ray Vaughan
Stevie Ray Vaughan
and Double Trouble Bill Withers

Early influences

The "5" Royales

Award for Musical Excellence

Ringo Starr

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 19689232 LCCN: n91053113 ISNI: 0000 0000 8362 0467 GND: 11930225X SELIBR: 367828 SUDOC: 056559275 BNF: cb12015805s (data) BIBSYS: 90914884 ULAN: 500355467 MusicBrainz: 9d1ebcfe-4c15-4d18-95d3-d919898638a1 NDL: 00473600 NKC: jn20000701482 BNE: XX848587 RKD: 320198 SNAC: w6

.