18% White British
4% White Irish
0.1% White Gypsy or Irish Traveller
14.3% Other White
1.4% White & Black Caribbean
0.9% White & Black African
1.2% White & Asian
1.6% Other Mixed
9.2% Other Asian
7.8% Black African
7.6% Black Caribbean
3.4% Other Black
The London Borough of Brent ( pronunciation (help·info)) is a London borough in north west London, and forms part of Outer London. The major areas are Wembley, Kilburn, Willesden, Harlesden and Neasden.
It borders the boroughs of Harrow to the northwest, Barnet to the northeast, Camden to the east, Westminster to the southeast, and Kensington and Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham, and Ealing to the south. Most of the eastern border is formed by the Roman road Watling Street, which is now the modern A5. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Brent is home to Wembley Stadium, one of the country's biggest landmarks, as well as Wembley Arena. The local authority is Brent London Borough Council.
The borough has seen illegal dumping on the borough’s streets between 2013/14 and 2014/15 surge by 84 per cent, the most recorded by a local authority in England.
According to the findings of a survey by property group Rightmove, Brent is the most unhappy borough in The UK, based on a number of factors including décor, space, value, pride, costs, safety, amenities, recreation, community, contentment, neighbourliness and area contentment.
Brent has the highest proportion of housing benefit claims by private tenants in the country as a percentage of all households according to the Financial Times.
Brent was formed in 1965 from the area of the former Municipal Borough of Wembley and Municipal Borough of Willesden of Middlesex. Its name derives from the River Brent which runs through the borough.
The Brent borough includes three parliamentary constituencies: Brent North, Brent Central, and Hampstead and Kilburn, which includes part of the London Borough of Camden. Before the 2010 United Kingdom general election it was divided into three constituencies contained wholly within the borough - Brent South, Brent East and Brent North.
Brent London Borough Council is elected every four years, with currently 63 councillors being elected at each election. While the Labour Party has been the largest single party on the council for about half its history and the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats have each been the largest party at other times, there have been several periods when no party has had overall control. Labour regained control in 2010 and increased their majority at the 2014 election. As of the 2014 election the council is composed of the following councillors:-
The leader of the Council is Labour Councillor Muhammed Butt.
|Source: A Vision of Britain through time|
In 1801, the civil parishes that form the modern borough had a total population of 2,022. This rose slowly throughout the 19th century, as the district became built up; reaching 5,646 in the middle of the century. When the railways arrived the rate of population growth increased. The population peaked in the 1960s, when industry began to relocate from London.
Brent is among the most diverse localities in the country, with large Asian and Indian, Black African, Black Caribbean, Irish (largest in the country), and Eastern European minority communities.
In the 2001 Census, the borough had a population of 263,464 – of whom 127,806 were male, and 135,658 female. Of those stating a choice, 47.71% described themselves as Christian, 17.71% as Hindu, 12.26% as Muslim and 10% as having no religion. Of the population, 39.96% were in full-time employment and 7.86% in part-time employment – compared to a London average of 42.64% and 8.62%, respectively. Residents were predominantly owner-occupiers, with 23.17% owning their house outright, and a further 31.33% owning with a mortgage. 10.59% were in local authority housing, with a further 13.29% renting from a housing association, or other registered social landlord.
The borough of Brent is extremely diverse, ethnically. In the 2011 census, those who claimed British white heritage made up 18% of the borough's population. 18% claimed other white heritage, 5% were of mixed heritage, those of South Asian heritage comprised about 33%, those of African and Caribbean heritage about 19%, and other ethnic groups about 7%. Whites were found in highest proportion in the wards of Mapesbury (the area between Willesden Green and Cricklewood), Brondesbury Park, Queen's Park and Kilburn. Black people in highest proportion were found in Stonebridge, Harlesden and Kensal Green wards. Asians are centred in the wards of Alperton, Wembley Central and Kenton. Brent has the highest proportion of Irish residents in mainland Britain, with 4% of the population.
As of 2011, 41.5% identified themselves as Christian, 18.6% Muslim, 17.8% Hindu and 10.6% with no religion.
The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 census in Brent.
|White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller||320||0.10%|
|Asian or Asian British: Indian||48,624||18.46%||58,017||18.64%|
|Asian or Asian British: Pakistani||10,626||4.03%||14,381||4.62%|
|Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi||1,184||0.45%||1,749||0.56%|
|Asian or Asian British: Chinese||2,812||1.07%||3,250||1.04%|
|Asian or Asian British: Other Asian||12,628||4.79%||28,589||9.19%|
|Asian or Asian British: Total||75,874||28.80%||105,986||34.06%|
|Black or Black British: African||20,640||7.83%||24,391||7.84%|
|Black or Black British: Caribbean||27,574||10.47%||23,723||7.62%|
|Black or Black British: Other Black||4,123||1.56%||10,518||3.38%|
|Black or Black British: Total||52,337||19.86%||58,632||18.84%|
|Mixed: White and Black Caribbean||2,739||1.04%||4,291||1.38%|
|Mixed: White and Black African||1,739||0.66%||2,820||0.91%|
|Mixed: White and Asian||2,529||0.96%||3,642||1.17%|
|Mixed: Other Mixed||2,795||1.06%||5,022||1.61%|
|Other: Any other ethnic group||6,512||2.09%|
|Black, Asian, and minority ethnic: Total||144,186||54.73%||198,335||63.73%|
Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).
|Climate data for Borough of Brent, UK|
|Average high °C (°F)||8
|Average low °C (°F)||3
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||132
Diageo has its head office in Park Royal and in the London Borough of Brent, on a former Guinness brewery property. The brewery was closed in 2004; it had produced beer since 1936. Diageo planned to move its head office to Brent from Central London when the lease on the Central London office expired in 2010.
Recycling has been compulsory in the borough of Brent since 2008. Through a green box collection scheme the borough aims to improve on the 25 per cent recycled waste it already achieves.
The London Borough of Brent has three fire stations within the borough: Park Royal, Wembley and Willesden. Brent has a mixture of residential, industrial and commercial land. Most notably, Wembley National Stadium is within the area - on match days the safety of over 90,000 people is the responsibility of the London Fire Brigade. Wembley covers the largest area in the borough, 19.1 km2 (7.4 sq mi). Two pumping appliances, a fire rescue unit and an aerial ladder platform are based there. Willesden, for its relatively small, in comparison to Wembley, station ground (10.5 km2 (4.1 sq mi)), responded to over a thousand incidents in 2006/2007. Two pumping appliances reside there. Park Royal, with its one pumping appliance and an incident response unit, has one of the smallest station grounds; just 8.1 km2 (3.1 sq mi). Within the borough, 4,105 incidents occurred in 2006/2007.
In March 2011, the main forms of transport that residents used to travel to work were (of all residents aged 16–74):
The Borough has three Non-League football clubs:
Brent is twinned with:
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