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Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
(from Irish: Lios na Scéithe, meaning "fort of the shield")[1] is the second-biggest settlement in County Fermanagh, Northern Ireland. It is situated mainly in the townland of Lisoneill, with some areas in the townland of Castle Balfour
Castle Balfour
Demesne, both in the civil parish of Aghalurcher and the historic barony of Magherastephana.[1] It had a population of 2,960 people in the 2011 Census. The town is built around the long main street, which bends at almost 90 degrees along its course. At the middle, the old market place contains a high cross (grid ref:H364340)[2] from an early monastery. 19th century buildings include the former market house, corn market and butter market.[3] The Castle Park Leisure Centre is situated just off the main street.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The Troubles 1.2 The Workhouse

2 Sport 3 Climate 4 Education

4.1 Primary level 4.2 Secondary level 4.3 St Comghalls Secondary School 4.4 Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
High School 4.5 Libraries

5 2001 Census 6 People 7 Transport 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
(or Lissenskeah) was once the seat of the Maguire
Maguire
Clan and its strategic importance led to the town changing hands many times over the years. The 17th century remains of Castle Balfour, are just off the Main Street in Lisnaskea, built around 1618 by James, Lord Balfour.[5] In the Irish Rebellion of 1641, it is noted that: "At Lissenskeah they hanged, or otherwise killed, above 100 persons, most of them of the Scottish nation"[6] The castle was altered in 1652 and damaged in 1689, but remained inhabited into the 19th century. It was restored and conserved in the 1960s and 1990s.[7] In 1821 the village came under the control of the Earls of Erne. They established the market in the town whilst bolstering and controlling development around the high street.[8] There was also evidence of a very much earlier ringfort (with radiocarbon dates of 359-428 AD) in the townland of Castle Balfour Demesne [9] suggesting the area was inhabited from a very early date. The ruins of the old monastery, associated with St Ronan, who died some time before 635 AD, are to the west of the town.[10] About 1 km NNE in the townland of Cornashee is a 8.7 m high steep-sided mound. It has been suggested that this is a large passage tomb, an inauguration mound of the Maguires or a motte.[11] The Troubles[edit] Main article: The Troubles in Lisnaskea In December 2013, suspected dissident republicans fired shots at Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
PSNI station. There were no casualties.[12] The Workhouse[edit]

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Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Poor Law Union was formally declared on the 27 June 1840 and in August Sir Arthur Brooke was elected Chairman. The workhouse was built (at a total cost of over £6,400) on a six-acre site to the south of Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
purchased from Lord Erne to accommodate 500 inmates, the first of whom were received on 25 February 1843. During 1846, the number of inmates rose from 263 to 817 by the end of the year. In 1847, additional accommodation was erected for 130 inmates. In the early 1920s, during the Troubles of that time, the workhouse was used to house soldiers of the Royal Hampshire Regiment. The workhouse later resumed its operation until 1940 when it was used for men of the 8th Battalion of the Sherwood Foresters. The inmates were transferred to Enniskillen, and in 1948 to Armagh. Eventually part of the workhouse was used for a time as the headquarters of Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Fire Brigade. Later the buildings was adapted for a mixture of residential and commercial use.[13][14] A large iron pot said to have held 300 gallons of gruel, rested at one time in its gardens.[3] In July 2011, part of the upper floor of the building was completely gutted in a fire, believed to be malicious.[15] Sport[edit]

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Throughout the history of the Gaelic Athletic Association
Gaelic Athletic Association
in Fermanagh, Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Emmetts have consistently been a major force in Gaelic football
Gaelic football
winning 20 Fermanagh Senior Football Championship titles, ladies football and hurling. They have won a range of honours in the sport including the All Ireland
All Ireland
intermediate championship in 2011 and the All Ireland
All Ireland
ladies final in 2011[16] They wear red and green. Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Emmetts over the years have had clubmen involved in the Fermanagh GAA
Fermanagh GAA
and Ulster Railway Cup team. Climate[edit] As with the rest of the British Isles, Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters.[17]

Climate data for Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
63m asl, 1981-2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.8 (46) 8.4 (47.1) 10.2 (50.4) 12.9 (55.2) 15.9 (60.6) 18.1 (64.6) 19.6 (67.3) 19.1 (66.4) 17.0 (62.6) 13.5 (56.3) 10.1 (50.2) 8.1 (46.6) 13.4 (56.1)

Average low °C (°F) 1.6 (34.9) 1.4 (34.5) 2.8 (37) 3.8 (38.8) 6.2 (43.2) 9.3 (48.7) 11.4 (52.5) 11.0 (51.8) 8.9 (48) 6.2 (43.2) 3.4 (38.1) 1.6 (34.9) 5.7 (42.3)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 102.8 (4.047) 77.2 (3.039) 87.0 (3.425) 64.2 (2.528) 67.6 (2.661) 66.9 (2.634) 73.1 (2.878) 96.2 (3.787) 77.8 (3.063) 112.5 (4.429) 98.8 (3.89) 104.4 (4.11) 1,028.5 (40.492)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 44.2 65.1 96.3 135.4 165.1 138.3 124.4 119.7 103.5 80.1 49.9 32.3 1,154.1

Source: Met Office[18]

Education[edit] Primary level[edit]

St Eugene's Knocks Primary School The Moat Primary School St Ronan's Primary School

Secondary level[edit]

St Kevin's Secondary School

St Comghalls Secondary School[edit] Roman Catholic
Catholic
School (1920-2017), closed due to a merge with another school. The site of the school is now used for the newly merged school St Kevin's. The last Principal of St Comghalls secondary school, Gary Kelly is now the current Principal Of St Kevin's. Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
High School[edit] Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
High School ( Castle Balfour
Castle Balfour
Demesne), the town's only non- Catholic
Catholic
high school, was ordered amalgamated with nearby Devenish College in 2013 by then- Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Education Minister John O'Dowd (Sinn Féin), despite the objections of those associated with the high school. Since then, 75% of the school's students transferred to Devenish College, with the majority of the remaining students transferring equally between Erne Integrated College
Erne Integrated College
and Fivemiletown High School.[19][20] Libraries[edit]

Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Library - A new public library was opened in Main Street on 8 April 2015 by Libraries NI at a cost of £1.28m. It is spread over two floors with a special children's library, conference rooms and Wifi access.[21][22]

2001 Census[edit] Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
is classified as an intermediate settlement by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e. with population between 2,250 and 4,500 people). On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 2,739 people living in Lisnaskea. Of these:

23.5% were aged under 16 years and 18.9% were aged 60 and over 46.8% of the population were male and 53.2% were female 74.1% were from a Catholic
Catholic
background and 24.5% were from a Protestant background 7.0% of people aged 16–74 were unemployed.

For more details see: NI Neighbourhood Information Service People[edit]

Johnny Patterson (1840-1889), circus showman and song-writer lived for a time in the village. He wrote many popular songs including The garden where the praties grow and The stone outside Dan Murphy's door.[3]

Transport[edit] Lisnaskea railway station opened on 26 August 1858 and was shut on 1 October 1957.[23] The station was opened by the Dundalk and Enniskillen
Enniskillen
Railway, later named the Irish North Western Railway. In 1876 it became part off the Great Northern Railway (Ireland). References[edit]

^ a b "Lisnaskea". Place Names NI. Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ Department of the Environment (NI) (1987). Historic Monuments of Northern Ireland. Belfast: HMSO. pp. 152–153.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ a b c Sanderson, Ernest (1976). Discover Northern Ireland. Belfast: Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Tourist Board. p. 152. ISBN 0 9500222 7 6.  ^ "Castle Park Leisure Centre". Fermanagh District Council. Retrieved 19 April 2015.  ^ Flanagan, Laurence (1992). A Dictionary of Irish Archaeology. Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. pp. 50–51.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Parliamentary Memoirs of Fermanagh and Tyrone, from 1613 to 1885 ^ "Castle Balfour" (PDF). Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Environment Agency. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ Culture Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
culturenorthernireland.org Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Stout, Matthew (1997). The Irish Ringfort. Dublin: Four Courts Press. pp. 18 and 28.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ " Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Conservation Area". Planning Portal. Retrieved 19 April 2015.  ^ http://appsc.doeni.gov.uk/ambit/Default.aspx Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Sites and Monument Record - Search Retrieved January 31, 2018 ^ "Shots fired at Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
police station". BBC News NI. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2015.  ^ "Lisnaskea, Co Fermanagh". The Workhouse. Retrieved 19 April 2015.  ^ " Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Workhouse". Ulster Workhouse and Famine Trusr. Retrieved 19 April 2015.  ^ "Community saddened at workhouse fire". Fermanagh Herald. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 19 April 2015.  ^ Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Emmetts Crowned All-Ireland Intermediate Club Champions 2011, hoganstand.com; accessed 9 August 2017. ^ "Northern Ireland: climate". Met Office. Retrieved 31 January 2018.  ^ "Climate tables". Met Office. Retrieved 15 April 2013.  ^ "One year on, Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
is still reeling from the closure of its High School, 24 August 2014. ^ "Minister closes Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
High School". Impartial Reporter.  ^ "New £1.28m library is a big hit in Lisnaskea". Fermanagh Herald. 18 April 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2018.  ^ " Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
Library". Libraries NI. Retrieved 18 April 2015.  ^ " Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 28 October 2007. 

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External links[edit]

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Places in County Fermanagh

List of places in County Fermanagh

Towns

Enniskillen

Villages and townlands

Aghadrumsee Aghakeeran Aghanaglack Arney Ballinamallard Ballycassidy Belcoo Bellanaleck Belleek Blaney Boho Brookeborough Carn Carr Castle Balfour Castle Coole Clabby Clogherbog Derrygonnelly Derrylin Derryvore Donagh Drumbegger Drumlaghy Drumskinny Ederney Florencecourt Garrison Glenkeel Holywell Irvinestown Kesh Killadeas Kilnamadoo Killydrum Kinawly Knockmore Knocknahunshin Knocks Lack Laragh Letterbreen Levally Lower Lisbellaw Lisnarick Lisnaskea Macken Magheraveely Maguiresbridge Monea Moylehid Newtownbutler Pettigo Reyfad Rosslea Skea Springfield Tamlaght Tattykeeran Teemore Tempo Trory Tullyhommon Tullygerravra

Landforms

Badger Pot Boa Island Belmore Benaughlin Caves of Tullybrack and Belmore hills Cliffs of Magho Cuilcagh Devinish Hanging Rock Knockmore Lough Erne Lough MacNean Lough Melvin Lusty Beg Island Lustymore Island Marble Arch Caves Slieve Beag Slieve Rushen White Island

Baronies

Clanawley Clankelly Coole Knockninny Lurg Magheraboy Magherastephana Tirkennedy

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