Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt. Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general.
In modern armies, lieutenant general normally ranks immediately below general and above major general; it is equivalent to the navy rank of vice admiral, and in air forces with a separate rank structure, it is equivalent to air marshal. A lieutenant general commands an army corps, made up of typically three army divisions, and consisting of around 60,000–70,000 soldiers (U.S.).
The seeming incongruity that a lieutenant general outranks a major general (whereas a major outranks a lieutenant) is due to the derivation of the latter rank from sergeant major general, which was also subordinate to lieutenant general. In some countries (e.g. France and Italy), the ranks of corps general or lieutenant colonel general are used instead of lieutenant general, in an attempt to solve this apparent anomaly – these ranks are often translated into English as lieutenant general.
However, some countries of Latin America such as Brazil and Chile use divisional general as the equivalent of lieutenant general. In addition, because no brigadier general rank is used in Japan, lieutenant general is the rank of divisional commander. Therefore, it corresponds to divisional general of these countries. In a number of smaller states which employ NATO and western style military organizational structures, because of the limited number of soldiers in their armies, the rank of lieutenant general is the highest army rank in use. In Latvia, Lithuania and Singapore, the chief of defence is a lieutenant general, and in the Irish Defence Forces and Israel Defense Forces, the Chief of Staff holds this rank.
(Afghan National Army)
(People's Liberation Army)
(Royal Danish Army)
Kosovo Security Forces
Генерал потполковник (general potpolkovnik)
(Army of the Republic of Macedonia)
(Royal Netherlands Army)
(Royal Norwegian Army)
(Royal Thai Army)
(Turkish Land Forces)
(Vietnam People's Army)
Lieutenant général / Luitenant-generaal
(Belgian Air Component)
(Bulgarian Air Force)
(Royal Danish Air Force)
(Ecuadorian Air Force)
(Georgian Air Force)
(Royal Netherlands Air Force)
(Polish Air Force)
(Portuguese Air Force)
(Spanish Air Force)
(Swedish Air Force)
(Turkish Air Force)
Général de corps d'armée (France) featuring 4 stars instead of the typical 3 stars
Rav Aluf (Israel)
Generale di Corpo d'Armata (Italy)
Rikushō (Japan Ground Self-Defense Force)
Генерал-потпуковник (Serbian Army)
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