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Leonard Norman Cohen CC GOQ (September 21, 1934 – November 7, 2016) was a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. His work explored religion, politics, isolation, sexuality, and personal relationships.[2] Cohen was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame, the Canadian Songwriters Hall of Fame, and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. He was a Companion of the Order of Canada, the nation's highest civilian honour. In 2011, Cohen received one of the Prince of Asturias Awards for literature and the ninth Glenn Gould Prize. Cohen pursued a career as a poet and novelist during the 1950s and early 1960s; he did not launch a music career until 1967, at the age of 33. His first album, Songs of Leonard Cohen
Songs of Leonard Cohen
(1967), was followed by three more albums of folk music: Songs from a Room
Songs from a Room
(1969), Songs of Love and Hate (1971) and New Skin for the Old Ceremony
New Skin for the Old Ceremony
(1974). His 1977 record Death of a Ladies' Man was co-written and produced by Phil Spector, which was a move away from Cohen's previous minimalist sound. In 1979, Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs, which blended his acoustic style with jazz and Oriental and Mediterranean influences. Perhaps Cohen's most famous song, "Hallelujah" was first released on his studio album Various Positions
Various Positions
in 1984. I'm Your Man in 1988 marked Cohen's turn to synthesized productions and remains his most popular album. In 1992, Cohen released its follow-up, The Future, which had dark lyrics and references to political and social unrest. Cohen returned to music in 2001 with the release of Ten New Songs, which was a major hit in Canada and Europe. His eleventh album, Dear Heather, followed in 2004. After a successful string of tours between 2008 and 2010, Cohen released three albums in the final four years of his life: Old Ideas
Old Ideas
(2012), Popular Problems
Popular Problems
(2014) and You Want It Darker (2016), the last of which was released three weeks before his death.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Poetry and novels 3 Recording career

3.1 1960s and 1970s 3.2 1980s

3.2.1 "Hallelujah"

3.3 1990s 3.4 2000s

3.4.1 Post-monastery records 3.4.2 Lawsuits and financial troubles 3.4.3 Book
Book
of Longing

3.5 2008–10 World Tour

3.5.1 2008 tour 3.5.2 Live in London 3.5.3 2009 tour 3.5.4 Live releases 3.5.5 2010 tour

3.6 2010s

3.6.1 Old Ideas 3.6.2 2012–2013 World Tour 3.6.3 Popular Problems
Popular Problems
and You Want It Darker

4 Cultural impact and themes 5 Personal life

5.1 Romantic relationships and children 5.2 Religious beliefs and practices

6 Death 7 Discography

7.1 Studio albums

8 Bibliography

8.1 Poetry

8.1.1 Collections 8.1.2 List of poems

8.2 Novels

9 Filmography 10 Awards and nominations 11 See also 12 Notes 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life[edit] Cohen was born on September 21, 1934, into a middle-class Canadian Jewish family residing in Westmount, Quebec, an English-speaking suburb of Montreal. His mother, Marsha (Masha) Klonitsky (1905–1978),[3][4] was the daughter of a Talmudic writer, Rabbi Solomon Klonitsky-Kline, and emigrated to Montreal in 1927 from Lithuania.[5][6] His paternal grandfather, whose family had moved from Poland to Canada, was Lyon Cohen, the founding president of the Canadian Jewish Congress. His father, Nathan Bernard Cohen (1891–1943),[7] owned a substantial clothing store and died when Cohen was nine years old. The family observed Orthodox Judaism, and belonged to Congregation Shaar Hashomayim, to which Cohen retained connections all his life.[8] On the topic of being a Kohen, Cohen told Richard Goldstein in 1967, "I had a very Messianic childhood. I was told I was a descendant of Aaron, the high priest."[9] Cohen attended Roslyn Elementary School, completed grades seven through nine at Herzliah High School, where his literary mentor Irving Layton taught,[10] then transferred in 1948 to Westmount High School, where he studied music and poetry. He became especially interested in the poetry of Federico García Lorca.[11] Cohen involved himself actively beyond Westmount's curriculum, in photography, on the yearbook staff, as a cheerleader, in campus clubs (Art, Current Events), and even when "heavily involved in the school's theater program", he served in the position of president of the Students' Council. During that time, Cohen taught himself to play the acoustic guitar, and formed a country–folk group that he called the Buckskin Boys. After a young Spanish guitar player taught him "a few chords and some flamenco", Cohen switched to a classical guitar.[11] He has attributed his love of music to his mother, who, he said, had such a lovely voice:

“ She was Russian and sang songs around the house. And I know that those changes, those melodies, touched me very much. She would sing with us when I took my guitar to a restaurant with some friends; my mother would come, and we'd often sing all night.[12] ”

Cohen frequented Saint Laurent Boulevard
Saint Laurent Boulevard
for fun, and ate at such places as the Main Deli Steak House.[13][14] According to journalist David Sax, Cohen and one of his cousins would go to the Main Deli to "watch the gangsters, pimps, and wrestlers dance around the night."[15] Cohen enjoyed the formerly raucous bars of Old Montreal
Old Montreal
as well as Saint Joseph's Oratory, which had the restaurant nearest to Westmount for him and his friend Mort Rosengarten to share a coffee and a smoke.[14] When Cohen left Westmount, he purchased a place on Saint-Laurent Boulevard, in the previously working-class neighbourhood of Montreal's Little Portugal. He would read his poetry at assorted nearby clubs. In that period and that place, Cohen wrote the lyrics to some of his most famous songs.[14] Poetry and novels[edit]

For six decades, Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
revealed his soul to the world through poetry and song—his deep and timeless humanity touching our very core. Simply brilliant. His music and words will resonate forever.

Rock & Roll Hall of Fame, 2008[16]

In 1951 Cohen enrolled at McGill University, where he became president of the McGill Debating Union and won the Chester MacNaghten Literary Competition for the poems "Sparrows" and "Thoughts of a Landsman".[17] Cohen published his first poems in March 1954 in the magazine CIV/n. The issue also included poems by Cohen's poet–professors (who were also on the editorial board), Irving Layton and Louis Dudek.[17] Cohen graduated from McGill the following year with a B.A. degree.[11] His literary influences during this time included William Butler Yeats, Irving Layton (who taught political science at McGill and became both Cohen's mentor and friend),[11] Walt Whitman, Federico García Lorca, and Henry Miller.[18] His first published book of poetry, Let Us Compare Mythologies (1956), was published by Dudek as the first book in the McGill Poetry Series the year after Cohen's graduation. The book contained poems written largely when Cohen was between the ages of 15 and 20, and Cohen dedicated the book to his late father.[11] The well-known Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye
Northrop Frye
wrote a review of the book in which he gave Cohen "restrained praise".[11] After completing his undergraduate degree, Cohen spent a term in the McGill Faculty of Law and then a year (1956–57) at the Columbia University School of General Studies. Cohen described his graduate school experience as "passion without flesh, love without climax".[19] Consequently, Cohen left New York and returned to Montreal in 1957, working various odd jobs and focusing on the writing of fiction and poetry, including the poems for his next book, The Spice-Box of Earth (1961), which was the first book that Cohen published through the Canadian publishing company McClelland & Stewart. His father's will provided him with a modest trust income, sufficient to allow him to pursue his literary ambitions for the time, and The Spice-Box of Earth was successful in helping to expand the audience for Cohen's poetry, helping him reach out to the poetry scene in Canada, outside the confines of McGill University. The book also helped Cohen gain critical recognition as an important new voice in Canadian poetry. One of Cohen's biographers, Ira Nadel, stated that "reaction to the finished book was enthusiastic and admiring. . . . The critic Robert Weaver found it powerful and declared that Cohen was 'probably the best young poet in English Canada right now.'"[11] Cohen continued to write poetry and fiction throughout much of the 1960s and preferred to live in quasi-reclusive circumstances after he bought a house on Hydra, a Greek island in the Saronic Gulf. While living and writing on Hydra, Cohen published the poetry collection Flowers for Hitler
Flowers for Hitler
(1964), and the novels The Favourite Game
The Favourite Game
(1963) and Beautiful Losers
Beautiful Losers
(1966). His novel The Favourite Game
The Favourite Game
was an autobiographical bildungsroman about a young man who discovers his identity through writing. Beautiful Losers
Beautiful Losers
received a good deal of attention from the Canadian press and stirred up controversy because of a number of sexually graphic passages.[11] In 1966 Cohen also published Parasites of Heaven, a book of poems. Both Beautiful Losers and Parasites of Heaven received mixed reviews and sold few copies.[11] In 1966 CBC TV producer Andrew Simon produced a local Montreal current affairs program, Seven on Six, and offered Cohen a position as host. "I decided I'm going to be a songwriter. I want to write songs," Simon recalled Cohen telling him.[20] Subsequently, Cohen published less, with major gaps, concentrating more on recording songs. In 1978 he published his first book of poetry in many years, Death of a Lady's Man (not to be confused with the album he released the previous year with the similar title, Death of a Ladies' Man). It was not until 1984 that Cohen published his next book of poems, Book
Book
of Mercy, which won him the Canadian Authors Association Literary Award for Poetry. The book contains 50 prose-poems, influenced by the Hebrew Bible and Zen writings. Cohen himself referred to the pieces as "prayers".[21] In 1993 Cohen published Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs, and in 2006, after 10 years of delays, additions, and rewritings, Book
Book
of Longing. The Book of Longing
Book of Longing
is dedicated to the poet Irving Layton. Also, during the late 1990s and 2000s, many of Cohen's new poems and lyrics were first published on the fan website The Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files, including the original version of the poem "A Thousand Kisses Deep" (which Cohen later adapted for a song).[22][23] Cohen's writing process, as he told an interviewer in 1998, was "like a bear stumbling into a beehive or a honey cache: I'm stumbling right into it and getting stuck, and it's delicious and it's horrible and I'm in it and it's not very graceful and it's very awkward and it's very painful and yet there's something inevitable about it."[24] In 2011 Cohen was awarded the Prince of Asturias Award for literature.[25] Recording career[edit] 1960s and 1970s[edit] In 1967, disappointed with his lack of financial success as a writer, Cohen moved to the United States to pursue a career as a folk music singer–songwriter. During the 1960s, he was a fringe figure in Andy Warhol's "Factory" crowd. Warhol speculated that Cohen had spent time listening to Nico
Nico
in clubs and that this had influenced his musical style.[26] His song "Suzanne" became a hit for Judy Collins
Judy Collins
(who subsequently covered a number of Cohen's other songs, as well), and was for many years his most covered song. Collins recalls that when she first met him, he said he couldn't sing or play the guitar, nor did he think "Suzanne" was even a song:

And then he played me "Suzanne. . . . I said, "Leonard, you must come with me to this big fundraiser I'm doing"...Jimi Hendrix was on it. He'd never sung [in front of a large audience] before then. He got out on stage and started singing. Everybody was going crazy—they loved it. And he stopped about halfway through and walked off the stage. Everybody went nuts. . . . They demanded that he come back. And I demanded; I said, "I'll go out with you." So we went out, and we sang it. And of course, that was the beginning.[27]

People think Leonard is dark, but actually his sense of humor and his edge on the world is extremely light.

Judy Collins[28]

She first introduced him to television audiences during one of her shows in 1966,[29] where they performed duets of his songs.[30][31] Still new to bringing his poetry to music, he once forgot the words to "Suzanne" while singing to a different audience.[32] Collins told Bill Moyers, during a television interview, that she felt Cohen's Jewish background was an important influence on his words and music.[28] In recent years, other singers such as Joan Baez
Joan Baez
have sung it during their tours.[33] Cohen stated that he was duped into giving up the rights for the song, but was glad it happened, as it would be wrong to write a song that was so well-loved and to get rich for it also. After performing at a few folk festivals, he came to the attention of Columbia Records
Columbia Records
representative John H. Hammond, who signed Cohen to a record deal.[34] Cohen's first album was Songs of Leonard Cohen (1967).[35] He appeared on BBC
BBC
TV in 1968 where he sang a duet from the album with Julie Felix.[36][a] The album became a cult favorite in the U.S., as well as in the UK, where it spent over a year on the album charts.[37] Several of the songs on that first album were covered by other popular folk artists, including James Taylor[38] and Judy Collins.[39] Cohen followed up that first album with Songs from a Room
Songs from a Room
(1969, featuring the often-recorded "Bird on the Wire") and Songs of Love and Hate
Songs of Love and Hate
(1971). In 1971, film director Robert Altman
Robert Altman
featured the songs "The Stranger Song", "Winter Lady", and "Sisters of Mercy", originally recorded for Songs of Leonard Cohen, in McCabe & Mrs. Miller. The film is now considered a masterpiece by some critics who also note that the songs are integral to the film. Scott Tobias wrote in 2014 that "The film is unimaginable to me without the Cohen songs, which function as these mournful interstitials that unify the entire movie."[40] Tim Grierson wrote in 2016, shortly after Cohen's death, that '"Altman's and Cohen's legacies would forever be linked by McCabe. The movie is inextricably connected to Cohen's songs. It's impossible to imagine Altman's masterpiece without them."[41] In 1970 Cohen toured for the first time, in the U.S., Canada, and Europe, and appeared at the Isle of Wight Festival.[42] In 1972 he toured again in Europe and Israel.[b] When his performance in Israel didn't seem to be going well, however, he walked off the stage, went to his dressing room, and took some LSD. He then heard the audience clamoring for his reappearance by singing to him in Hebrew, and under the influence of the psychedelic, he returned to finish the show.[44][45] Additionally, in 1973 he played a special performance for a group of IDF soldiers in the outposts of Sinai during the Yom Kippur War.[46] In 1973 Columbia Records
Columbia Records
released "Leonard Cohen: Live Songs". Then beginning around 1974, Cohen's collaboration with pianist and arranger John Lissauer created a live sound praised by the critics. They toured together in 1974 in Europe and in U.S. and Canada in late 1974 and early 1975, in support of Cohen's record New Skin for the Old Ceremony. In late 1975 Cohen and Lissauer performed a short series of shows in the U.S. and Canada with a new band, in support of Cohen's Best Of release. The tour included new songs from an album in progress, co-written by Cohen and Lissauer and entitled Songs for Rebecca. None of the recordings from these live tours with Lissauer were ever officially released, and the album was abandoned in 1976. In 1976 Cohen embarked on a new major European tour with a new band and changes in his sound and arrangements, again, in support of his The Best of Leonard Cohen
The Best of Leonard Cohen
release (in Europe retitled as Greatest Hits). Laura Branigan
Laura Branigan
was one of his backup singers during the tour.[47] From April to July, Cohen gave 55 shows, including his first appearance at the famous Montreux Jazz Festival. After the European tour of 1976, Cohen again attempted a new change in his style and arrangements; his new 1977 record, Death of a Ladies' Man (one year later, in 1978, Cohen also released a volume of poetry with the coyly revised title, Death of a Lady's Man), was co-written and produced by Phil Spector.[48][c]

Leonard acknowledges that the whole act of living contains immense amounts of sorrow and hopelessness and despair; and also passion, high hopes, deep love, and eternal love.

Jennifer Warnes, describing Cohen's lyrics[51]

In 1979 Cohen returned with the more traditional Recent Songs,[52] which blended his acoustic style with jazz and Oriental and Mediterranean influences. Beginning with this record, Cohen began to co-produce his albums. Produced by Cohen and Henry Lewy (Joni Mitchell's sound engineer), Recent Songs
Recent Songs
included performances by Passenger,[53] an Austin-based jazz–fusion band that met Cohen through Mitchell. The band helped Cohen create a new sound by featuring instruments like the oud, the Gypsy violin, and the mandolin. The album was supported by Cohen's major tour with the new band, and Jennifer Warnes and Sharon Robinson on the backing vocals, in Europe in late 1979, and again in Australia, Israel, and Europe in 1980. In 2000, Columbia released an album of live recordings of songs from the 1979 tour, entitled Field Commander Cohen: Tour of 1979.[54] During the 1970s, Cohen toured twice with Jennifer Warnes as a backup singer (1972 and 1979). Warnes would become a fixture on Cohen's future albums, receiving full co-vocals credit on Cohen's 1985 album Various Positions
Various Positions
(although the record was released under Cohen's name, the inside credits say "Vocals by Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
and Jennifer Warnes"). In 1987 she recorded an album of Cohen songs, Famous Blue Raincoat.[55] Cohen said that she sang backup for his 1980 tour, even though her career at the time was in much better shape than his. "So this is a real friend", he said. "Someone who in the face of great derision, has always supported me."[51] 1980s[edit]

Cohen in 1988

In the early 1980s, Cohen co-wrote the rock musical film Night Magic with Lewis Furey, starring Carole Laure
Carole Laure
and Nick Mancuso; the LP Various Positions
Various Positions
was released in 1984.[d] Cohen supported the release of the album with his biggest tour to date, in Europe and Australia, and with his first tour in Canada and the United States since 1975.[e] The band performed at the Montreux Jazz Festival, and the Roskilde Festival. They also gave a series of highly emotional and politically controversial concerts in Poland, which had been under martial law just two years before, and performed the song "The Partisan", regarded as the hymn of the Polish Solidarity movement.[56][f] In 1987 Jennifer Warnes's tribute album Famous Blue Raincoat helped restore Cohen's career in the U.S. The following year he released I'm Your Man.[g] Cohen supported the record with a series of television interviews and an extensive tour of Europe, Canada, and the U.S. Many shows were broadcast on European and U.S. television and radio stations, while Cohen performed for the first time in his career on PBS's Austin City Limits
Austin City Limits
show.[58][59][h] "Hallelujah"[edit] Main article: Hallelujah ( Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
song) "Hallelujah" was first released on Cohen's studio album Various Positions in 1984, and he sang it during his Europe tour in 1985.[60][61][62] The song had limited initial success but found greater popularity through a 1991 cover by John Cale, which formed the basis for a later cover by Jeff Buckley. "Hallelujah" has been performed by almost 200 artists in various languages.[63][i] The song is the subject of the book The Holy or the Broken: Leonard Cohen, Jeff Buckley & the Unlikely Ascent of 'Hallelujah' (2012) by Alan Light. In a New York Times review Janet Maslin praised the book and the song, noting that "Cohen spent years struggling with his song "Hallelujah", which eventually became one of the most "oft-performed songs in American musical history."[65] 1990s[edit] The use of the album track "Everybody Knows" from I'm Your Man and "If It Be Your Will" in the 1990 film Pump Up the Volume helped expose Cohen's music to a younger audience. He first introduced the song during his world tour in 1988.[66] The song "Everybody Knows" also featured prominently in fellow Canadian Atom Egoyan's 1994 film, Exotica. In 1992, Cohen released The Future, which urges (often in terms of biblical prophecy) perseverance, reformation, and hope in the face of grim prospects. Three tracks from the album – "Waiting for the Miracle", "The Future" and "Anthem" – were featured in the movie Natural Born Killers, which also promoted Cohen's work to a new generation of US listeners. As with I'm Your Man, the lyrics on The Future were dark, and made references to political and social unrest. The title track is reportedly a response to the 1992 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
riots. Cohen promoted the album with two music videos, for "Closing Time" and "The Future", and supported the release with the major tour through Europe, United States and Canada, with the same band as in his 1988 tour, including a second appearance on PBS's Austin City Limits. Some of the Scandinavian shows were broadcast live on the radio. The selection of performances, mostly recorded on the Canadian leg of the tour, was released on 1994 Cohen Live
Cohen Live
album. In 1993, Cohen also published his book of selected poems and songs, Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs, on which he had worked since 1989. It includes a number of new poems from the late 1980s and early 1990s and major revision of his 1978 book Death of a Lady's Man.[67] In 1994, Cohen retreated to the Mt. Baldy Zen Center
Mt. Baldy Zen Center
near Los Angeles, beginning what became five years of seclusion at the center.[55] In 1996, Cohen was ordained as a Rinzai Zen Buddhist monk and took the Dharma
Dharma
name Jikan, meaning "silence". He served as personal assistant to Kyozan Joshu Sasaki
Kyozan Joshu Sasaki
Roshi. In 1997, Cohen oversaw the selection and release of More Best of Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
album, which included a previously unreleased track, "Never Any Good", and an experimental piece "The Great Event". The first was left over from Cohen's unfinished mid-1990s album, which was announced to include songs like "In My Secret Life" (already recited as song-in-progress in 1988) and "A Thousand Kisses Deep",[68] both later re-worked with Sharon Robinson for the 2001 album Ten New Songs.[19] Although there was a public impression that Cohen would not resume recording or publishing, he returned to Los Angeles
Los Angeles
in May 1999. He began to contribute regularly to The Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files fan website, emailing new poems and drawings from Book of Longing
Book of Longing
and early versions of new songs, like "A Thousand Kisses Deep" in September 1998[69] and Anjani
Anjani
Thomas's story sent on May 6, 1999, the day they were recording "Villanelle for our Time"[70] (released on 2004's Dear Heather album). The section of The Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files with Cohen's online writings has been titled "The Blackening Pages".[23] 2000s[edit] Post-monastery records[edit] After two years of production, Cohen returned to music in 2001 with the release of Ten New Songs, featuring a heavy influence from producer and co-composer Sharon Robinson. The album, recorded at Cohen's and Robinson's home studios – Still Life Studios,[71] includes the song "Alexandra Leaving", a transformation of the poem "The God Abandons Antony", by the Greek poet Constantine P. Cavafy. The album was a major hit for Cohen in Canada and Europe, and he supported it with the hit single "In My Secret Life" and accompanying video shot by Floria Sigismondi. The album won him four Canadian Juno Awards in 2002: Best Artist, Best Songwriter, Best Pop Album, and Best Video ("In My Secret Life").[19] And the following year he was given Canada's highest civilian honor, the Companion of the Order of Canada.[19] In October 2004, Cohen released Dear Heather, largely a musical collaboration with jazz chanteuse (and romantic partner) Anjani Thomas, although Sharon Robinson returned to collaborate on three tracks (including a duet). As light as the previous album was dark, Dear Heather reflects Cohen's own change of mood – he said in a number of interviews that his depression had lifted in recent years, which he attributed to Zen Buddhism. In an interview following his induction into the Canadian Songwriters' Hall of Fame, Cohen explained that the album was intended to be a kind of notebook or scrapbook of themes, and that a more formal record had been planned for release shortly afterwards, but that this was put on ice by his legal battles with his ex-manager. Blue Alert, an album of songs co-written by Anjani
Anjani
and Cohen, was released in 2006 to positive reviews. Sung by Anjani, who according to one reviewer "...sounds like Cohen reincarnated as woman... though Cohen doesn't sing a note on the album, his voice permeates it like smoke."[72][j] Before embarking on his 2008–2010 world tour, and without finishing the new album which had been in work since 2006, Cohen contributed a few tracks to other artists' albums – a new version of his own "Tower of Song" was performed by him, Anjani
Anjani
Thomas and U2 in the 2006 tribute film Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
I'm Your Man[74] (the video and track were included on the film's soundtrack and released as the B-side of U2's single "Window in the Skies", reaching No 1 in the Canadian Singles Chart). In 2007 he recited "The Sound of Silence" on album Tribute to Paul Simon: Take Me to the Mardi Gras and "The Jungle Line" by Joni Mitchell, accompanied by Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
on piano, on Hancock's Grammy-winning album River: The Joni Letters,[75] while in 2008, he recited the poem "Since You've Asked" on the album Born to the Breed: A Tribute to Judy Collins.[76][citation needed] Lawsuits and financial troubles[edit] Sylvie Simmons explains in her 2012 biography of Cohen that Kelley Lynch, Cohen's longtime manager, "took care of Leonard's business affairs … [and was] not simply his manager but a close friend, almost part of the family."[77] Simmons notes that in late 2004, Cohen's daughter Lorca began to suspect Lynch of financial impropriety, and when Cohen checked his bank accounts, he noticed that he had unknowingly paid a credit card bill of Lynch's for $75,000 and also found that most of the money in his accounts was gone (including money from his retirement accounts and charitable trust funds). Cohen discovered that this had begun as early as 1996 when Lynch started selling Cohen's music publishing rights despite the fact that Cohen had no financial incentive to do so at the time.[77] In October 2005, Cohen sued Lynch, alleging that she had misappropriated over US $5 million from Cohen's retirement fund leaving only $150,000.[78][79] Cohen was sued in turn by other former business associates.[78] These events placed him in the public spotlight, including a cover feature on him with the headline "Devastated!" in Canada's Maclean's magazine.[79] In March 2006, Cohen won a civil suit and was awarded US$9 million by a Los Angeles
Los Angeles
County superior court. Lynch ignored the suit and did not respond to a subpoena issued for her financial records.[80] As a result, it was widely reported that Cohen might never be able to collect the awarded amount.[81][k] Book
Book
of Longing[edit] Cohen's book of poetry and drawings, Book
Book
of Longing, was published in May 2006. In March a Toronto-based retailer offered signed copies to the first 1,500 orders placed online: all 1,500 sold within hours. The book quickly topped bestseller lists in Canada. On May 13, 2006, Cohen made his first public appearance in thirteen years, at an in-store event at a bookstore in Toronto. Approximately 3,000 people turned up, causing the streets surrounding the bookstore to be closed. He sang two of his earliest and best-known songs: "So Long, Marianne" and "Hey, That's No Way To Say Goodbye", accompanied by the Barenaked Ladies and Ron Sexsmith. Also appearing with him was Anjani, the two promoting her new CD along with his book.[88] That same year, Philip Glass
Philip Glass
composed music for Book
Book
of Longing. Following a series of live performances which included Glass on keyboards, Cohen's recorded spoken text, four additional voices (soprano, mezzo-soprano, tenor, and bass-baritone), and other instruments, and as well as screenings of Cohen's artworks and drawings, Glass' label Orange Mountain Music released a double CD of the work, entitled Book
Book
of Longing. A Song Cycle based on the Poetry and Artwork of Leonard Cohen.[89] 2008–10 World Tour[edit] 2008 tour[edit]

2008 concert tour

Cohen at Edinburgh Castle, July 2008

Cohen at Festival Internacional de Benicàssim, July 2008

The tour, Cohen's first in 15 years, began May 11 in Fredericton, New Brunswick, and was extended until late 2010. The schedule of the first leg in mid-2008 encompassed Canada and Europe, including performances at The Big Chill,[90] the Montreal Jazz Festival, and on the Pyramid Stage at the 2008 Glastonbury Festival
Glastonbury Festival
on June 29, 2008.[91] His performance at Glastonbury was hailed by many as the highlight of the festival,[92] and his performance of "Hallelujah" as the sun went down received a rapturous reception and a lengthy ovation from a packed Pyramid Stage field.[93] He also played two shows in London's O2 Arena.[94] In Dublin
Dublin
he was the first performer to play an open-air concert at IMMA
IMMA
(Royal Hospital Kilmainham) ground, performing there on June 13, 14 and 15, 2008. In 2009, the performances were awarded Ireland's Meteor Music Award as the best international performance of the year. In September, October and November 2008, Cohen toured Europe, including stops in Austria, Ireland, Poland, Romania, Italy, Germany, France and Scandinavia.[citation needed] Live in London[edit] In March 2009, Cohen released Live in London, recorded in July 2008 at London's O2 Arena and released on DVD and as a two-CD set. The album contains 25 songs and is more than two-and-a-half hours long. It was the first official DVD in Cohen's recording career.[95] 2009 tour[edit]

Cohen in McLaren Vale, South Australia, January 2009

The third leg of Cohen's World Tour 2008–2009 encompassed New Zealand and Australia from January 20 to February 10, 2009. In January 2009, The Pacific Tour first came to New Zealand, where the audience of 12,000 responded with five standing ovations.[l] On February 19, 2009, Cohen played his first American concert in fifteen years at the Beacon Theatre in New York City.[98] The show, showcased as the special performance for fans, Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Forum members and press, was the only show in the whole three-year tour which was broadcast on the radio (NPR) and available as the free podcast. The North American Tour of 2009 opened on April 1, and included the performance at the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival
on Friday, April 17, 2009, in front of one of the largest outdoor theatre crowds in the history of the festival. His performance of Hallelujah was widely regarded as one of the highlights of the festival, thus repeating the major success of the 2008 Glastonbury appearance. In July 2009, Cohen started his marathon European tour, his third in two years. The itinerary mostly included sport arenas and open air Summer festivals in Germany, UK, France, Spain, Ireland (the show at O2 in Dublin
Dublin
won him the second Meteor Music Award in a row), but also performances in Serbia in the Belgrade Arena, in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Turkey, and again in Romania. On September 18, 2009, on the stage at a concert in Valencia, Spain, Cohen suddenly fainted halfway through performing his song "Bird on the Wire", the fourth in the two-act set list; Cohen was brought down backstage by his band members and then admitted to local hospital, while the concert was suspended.[99] It was reported that Cohen had stomach problems, and possibly food poisoning.[100] Three days later, on September 21, his 75th birthday, he performed in Barcelona. The show, last in Europe in 2009 and rumoured to be the last European concert ever, attracted many international fans, who lighted the green candles honouring Cohen's birthday, leading Cohen to give a special speech of thanks for the fans and the Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Forum. The last concert of this leg was held in Tel Aviv, Israel, on September 24, at Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
Stadium. The event was surrounded by public discussion due to a cultural boycott of Israel
Israel
proposed by a number of musicians.[101] Nevertheless, tickets for the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
concert, Cohen's first performance in Israel
Israel
since 1980, sold out in less than 24 hours.[102] It was announced that the proceeds from the sale of the 47,000 tickets would go into a charitable fund in partnership with Amnesty International
Amnesty International
and would be used by Israeli and Palestinian peace groups.[103][m] The sixth leg of the 2008–2009 world tour went again to U.S., with fifteen shows. The 2009 world tour earned a reported $9.5 million, putting Cohen at number 39 on Billboard magazine's list of the year's top musical "money makers".[106] Live releases[edit] On September 14, 2010, Sony Music released a live CD/DVD album, Songs from the Road, showcasing Cohen's 2008 and 2009 live performances. The previous year, Cohen's performance at the 1970 Isle of Wight Music Festival was released as a CD/DVD combo. 2010 tour[edit] Cohen's 2008–2009 world tour was prolonged into 2010. Originally scheduled to start in March, it began in September due to his back injury.[107] Officially billed as the "World Tour 2010", the tour started on July 25, 2010 in Arena Zagreb, Croatia.[n] The third leg of the 2010 tour started on October 28 in New Zealand and continued in Australia. 2010s[edit]

Cohen at King's Garden, Odense, Denmark, August 17, 2013

In 2011, Cohen's poetical output was represented in Everyman's Library Pocket Poets, in a selection Poems and Songs edited by Robert Faggen. The collection included a selection from all Cohen's books, based on his 1993 books of selected works, Stranger Music, and as well from Book
Book
of Longing, with addition of six new song lyrics. Nevertheless, three of those songs, "A Street", recited in 2006, "Feels So Good", performed live in 2009 and 2010, and "Born in Chains", performed live in 2010, were not released on Cohen's 2012 album Old Ideas, with him being unhappy with the versions of the songs in the last moment; the song "Lullaby", as presented in the book and performed live in 2009, was completely re-recorded for the album, presenting new lyrics on the same melody.[citation needed] A new biography, I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen, written by Sylvie Simmons, was published in October 2012. The book is the second major biography of Cohen (Ira Nadel's 1997 biography Various Positions was the first).[110] Old Ideas[edit] Leonard Cohen's twelfth studio album, Old Ideas, was released worldwide on January 31, 2012, and it soon became the highest charting album of his entire career, reaching No. 1 positions in Canada, Norway, Finland, Netherlands, Spain, Belgium, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Croatia, New Zealand, and top ten positions in United States, Australia, France, Portugal, UK, Scotland, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Ireland, Germany, and Switzerland, competing for number one position with Lana Del Rey's debut album Born to Die, released the same day.[111] The lyrics for the song "Going Home" were published as a poem in The New Yorker magazine in January 2012, prior to the record's release.[112] The entire album was streamed online by NPR
NPR
on January 22[113] and on January 23 by The Guardian.[114] The album received uniformly positive reviews from Rolling Stone,[115] the Chicago Tribune,[116] and The Guardian.[117] At a record release party for the album in January 2012, Cohen spoke with The New York Times reporter Jon Pareles who states that "mortality was very much on his mind and in his songs [on this album]." Pareles goes to characterize the album as "an autumnal album, musing on memories and final reckonings, but it also has a gleam in its eye. It grapples once again with topics Mr. Cohen has pondered throughout his career: love, desire, faith, betrayal, redemption. Some of the diction is biblical; some is drily sardonic."[118] 2012–2013 World Tour[edit] On August 12, 2012, Cohen embarked on a new European tour in support of Old Ideas, adding a violinist to his 2008–2010 tour band, now nicknamed Unified Heart Touring Band, and following the same three-hour set list structure as in 2008–2012 tour, with addition of number of songs from Old Ideas. The European leg ended on October 7, after concerts in Belgium, Ireland (Royal Hospital), France (Olympia in Paris), England (Wembley Arena in London), Spain, Portugal, Germany, Italy (Arena in Verona), Croatia (Arena in Pula), Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Romania and Turkey.[119] The second leg of the Old Ideas
Old Ideas
World Tour took place in the US and Canada in November and December, with 56 shows altogether on both legs.[120] Cohen returned to North America in the spring of 2013 with concerts in the United States and Canada. A summer tour of Europe happened shortly afterwards.[121] Cohen then toured Australia and New Zealand in November and December 2013. His final concert was performed at the Vector Arena
Vector Arena
in Auckland.[122][123] Popular Problems
Popular Problems
and You Want It Darker[edit] Cohen released his thirteenth album, Popular Problems, on September 24, 2014.[124] The album includes "A Street", which he had previously recited in 2006, during promotion of his book of poetry Book
Book
of Longing, and later printed twice, as "A Street" in March 2, 2009 issue of The New Yorker
The New Yorker
magazine,[125] and appeared as "Party's Over" in Everyman's Library edition of Poems and Songs in 2011. Cohen's fourteenth and final album, You Want It Darker, was released on October 21, 2016.[126] Cohen's son Adam Cohen has a production credit on the album.[127] On February 23, 2017, Cohen's son and his final album collaborator Sammy Slabbinck released a special, posthumous tribute video set to the album track "Traveling Light", featuring never before seen archival footage of Cohen from his career.[128] Cultural impact and themes[edit] Writing for AllMusic, critic Bruce Eder assessed Cohen's overall career in popular music by asserting that "[he is] one of the most fascinating and enigmatic ... singer-songwriters of the late '60s ... Second only to Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(and perhaps Paul Simon), he commands the attention of critics and younger musicians more firmly than any other musical figure from the 1960s who continued to work in the 21st century."[129] The Academy of American Poets commented more broadly, stating that "Cohen's successful blending of poetry, fiction, and music is made most clear in Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs, published in 1993... while it may seem to some that Leonard Cohen departed from the literary in pursuit of the musical, his fans continue to embrace him as a Renaissance man who straddles the elusive artistic borderlines."[130] Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
was an admirer, describing Cohen as the 'number one' songwriter of their time (Dylan described himself as 'number zero'). "When people talk about Leonard, they fail to mention his melodies, which to me, along with his lyrics, are his greatest genius....Even the counterpoint lines--they give a celestial character & melodic lift to his songs....no one else comes close to this in modern music....I like all of Leonard's songs, early or late....they make you think & feel. I like some of his later songs even better than his early ones. Yet there's a simplicity to his early ones that I like, too.... He's very much a descendant of Irving Berlin....Both of them just hear melodies that most of us can only strive for....Both Leonard & Berlin are incredibly crafty. Leonard particularly uses chord progressions that are classical in shape. He is a much more savvy musician than you'd think."[131] Themes of political and social justice also recur in Cohen's work, especially in later albums. In "Democracy", he both acknowledges political problems and celebrates the hopes of reformers: "from the wars against disorder/ from the sirens night and day/ from the fires of the homeless/ from the ashes of the gay/ Democracy is coming to the USA."[132] He made the observation in "Tower of Song" that "the rich have got their channels in the bedrooms of the poor/ And there's a mighty judgment coming." In the title track of The Future he recasts this prophecy on a pacifist note: "I've seen the nations rise and fall/ .../ But love's the only engine of survival." In "Anthem", he promises that "the killers in high places [who] say their prayers out loud/ [are] gonna hear from me." War is an enduring theme of Cohen's work that—in his earlier songs and early life—he approached ambivalently. Challenged in 1974 over his serious demeanor in concerts and the military salutes he ended them with, Cohen remarked, "I sing serious songs, and I'm serious onstage because I couldn't do it any other way...I don't consider myself a civilian. I consider myself a soldier, and that's the way soldiers salute."[133]

It is a beautiful thing for us to be so deeply interested in each other. You have to write about something. Women stand for the objective world for a man, and they stand for the thing that you're not. And that's what you always reach for in a song.

Leonard Cohen, 1979[134]

Deeply moved by encounters with Israeli and Arab soldiers, he left the country to write "Lover Lover Lover". This song has been interpreted as a personal renunciation of armed conflict, and ends with the hope his song will serve a listener as "a shield against the enemy". He would later remark, "'Lover, Lover, Lover' was born over there; the whole world has its eyes riveted on this tragic and complex conflict. Then again, I am faithful to certain ideas, inevitably. I hope that those of which I am in favour will gain."[135] Asked which side he supported in the Arab-Israeli conflict, Cohen responded, "I don't want to speak of wars or sides … Personal process is one thing, it's blood, it's the identification one feels with their roots and their origins. The militarism I practice as a person and a writer is another thing.... I don't wish to speak about war."[136] In 1991, playwright Bryden MacDonald launched Sincerely, A Friend, a musical revue based on Cohen's music.[137] Cohen is mentioned in the Nirvana song "Pennyroyal Tea" from the band's 1993 release, In Utero. Kurt Cobain
Kurt Cobain
wrote, "Give me a Leonard Cohen afterworld/So I can sigh eternally." Cohen, after Cobain's suicide, was quoted as saying "I'm sorry I couldn't have spoken to the young man. I see a lot of people at the Zen Centre, who have gone through drugs and found a way out that is not just Sunday school. There are always alternatives, and I might have been able to lay something on him."[138] He is also mentioned in the lyrics of songs by Mercury Rev
Mercury Rev
and Marillion.[139][140] Personal life[edit] Romantic relationships and children[edit] In 1960, Cohen lived in rural Hydra, Greece, in an apartment with intermittent electricity that he was renting for $14 a month.[34] He lived there with Marianne Ihlen, with whom he was in a relationship for most of the 1960s. The song "So Long, Marianne" was written to and about her. Ihlen died of leukemia three months and 9 days before Cohen.[141][142] His farewell letter to her was read at her funeral, stating that "... our bodies are falling apart and I think I will follow you very soon. Know that I am so close behind you that if you stretch out your hand, I think you can reach mine."[143] In the 1970s, Cohen was in a relationship with artist Suzanne Elrod. She took the cover photograph for Live Songs
Live Songs
and is pictured on the cover of the Death of a Ladies' Man. She also inspired the "Dark Lady" of Cohen's book Death of a Lady's Man (1978), but is not the subject of one of his best-known songs, "Suzanne", which refers to Suzanne Verdal, the former wife of a friend, the Québécois sculptor Armand Vaillancourt.[144] Cohen and Elrod separated in 1979,[145] with him later stating that "cowardice" and "fear" prevented him from marrying her.[146][147] Their relationship produced two children: a son, Adam (b. 1972), and a daughter, Lorca (b. 1974), named after poet Federico García Lorca. Adam is a singer–songwriter and the lead singer of pop-rock band Low Millions, while Lorca is a photographer. She shot the music video for Cohen's song "Because Of" (2004), and worked as a photographer and videographer for his 2008–10 world tour. Cohen had three grandchildren; grandson Cassius through his son Adam, and granddaughter Viva and grandson Lyon through Lorca.[148][149] Cohen was in a relationship with French photographer Dominique Issermann in the 1980s. They worked together on several occasions: she shot his first two music videos for the songs "Dance Me to the End of Love" and "First We Take Manhattan" and her photographs were used for the covers of his 1993 book Stranger Music
Stranger Music
and his album More Best of Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
and for the inside booklet of I'm Your Man (1988), which he also dedicated to her.[150] In 2010, she was also the official photographer of his world tour. In the 1990s, Cohen was romantically linked to actress Rebecca
Rebecca
De Mornay.[151] De Mornay co-produced Cohen's 1992 album The Future, which is also dedicated to her with an inscription that quotes Rebecca's coming to the well from the Book of Genesis
Book of Genesis
chapter 24[152] and giving drink to Eliezer's camels, after he prayed for the help; Eliezer
Eliezer
("God is my help" in Hebrew) is part of Cohen's Hebrew name ( Eliezer
Eliezer
ben Nisan ha'Cohen), and Cohen sometimes referred to himself as " Eliezer
Eliezer
Cohen" or even "Jikan Eliezer".[153][154] Religious beliefs and practices[edit] Cohen was described as a Sabbath-observant Jew in an article in The New York Times:

Mr. Cohen keeps the Sabbath even while on tour and performed for Israeli troops during the 1973 Arab-Israeli war. So how does he square that faith with his continued practice of Zen? "Allen Ginsberg asked me the same question many years ago", he said. "Well, for one thing, in the tradition of Zen that I've practiced, there is no prayerful worship and there is no affirmation of a deity. So theologically there is no challenge to any Jewish belief."[155]

In his concert in Ramat Gan, Israel, on September 24, 2009, Cohen spoke Jewish prayers and blessings to the audience in Hebrew. He opened the show with the first sentence of Ma Tovu. At the middle he used Baruch Hashem, and he ended the concert reciting the blessing of Birkat Cohanim.[156] Cohen had a brief phase around 1970 of being interested in a variety of world views, which he later described as "from the Communist party to the Republican Party. From Scientology to delusions of me as the High Priest rebuilding the Temple".[157] Cohen was involved with Buddhism
Buddhism
beginning in the 1970s and was ordained a Buddhist monk in 1996; he continued to consider himself Jewish: "I'm not looking for a new religion. I'm quite happy with the old one, with Judaism."[158] Beginning in the late 1970s, Cohen was associated with Buddhist monk and rōshi (venerable teacher) Kyozan Joshu Sasaki, regularly visiting him at Mount Baldy Zen Center
Mount Baldy Zen Center
and serving him as personal assistant during Cohen's period of reclusion at Mount Baldy monastery in the 1990s. Sasaki appears as a regular motif or addressee in Cohen's poetry, especially in his Book
Book
of Longing, and took part in a 1997 documentary about Cohen's monastery years, Leonard Cohen: Spring 1996. Cohen's 2001 album Ten New Songs
Ten New Songs
is dedicated to Joshu Sasaki. In a 1993 interview entitled "I am the little Jew who wrote the Bible," he says, "at our best, we inhabit a biblical landscape, and this is where we should situate ourselves without apology….That biblical landscape is our urgent invitation…Otherwise, it's really not worth saving or manifesting or redeeming or anything, unless we really take up that invitation to walk into that biblical landscape." Cohen showed an interest in Jesus
Jesus
as a universal figure, saying, "I'm very fond of Jesus
Jesus
Christ. He may be the most beautiful guy who walked the face of this earth. Any guy who says 'Blessed are the poor. Blessed are the meek' has got to be a figure of unparalleled generosity and insight and madness...A man who declared himself to stand among the thieves, the prostitutes and the homeless. His position cannot be comprehended. It is an inhuman generosity. A generosity that would overthrow the world if it was embraced because nothing would weather that compassion. I'm not trying to alter the Jewish view of Jesus
Jesus
Christ. But to me, in spite of what I know about the history of legal Christianity, the figure of the man has touched me."[159][page needed] Speaking about his religion in a 2007 interview for BBC Radio
BBC Radio
4's Front Row (partially re-broadcast on November 11, 2016) Cohen said:

My friend Brian Johnson said of me that I'd never met a religion I didn't like. [...] That's why I've tried to correct that impression [that Cohen was looking for another religion besides Judaism] because I very much feel part of that tradition and I practise that and my children practise it, so that was never in question. The investigations that I've done into other spiritual systems have certainly illuminated and enriched my understanding of my own tradition.[160]

Death[edit]

Memorial in front of Cohen's residence in Montreal on November 12, 2016[27]

Cohen died on November 7, 2016, at the age of 82 at his home in Los Angeles; leukemia was a contributing cause.[161][162][163] According to his manager, Cohen's death was the result of a fall at his home on the night of November 7, and he subsequently died in his sleep.[164] His death was announced on November 10, the same day as his funeral, which was held in Montreal.[165] As was his wish, Cohen was laid to rest with a Jewish rite, in a simple pine casket, in a family plot.[166][167] Tributes were paid by numerous stars and political figures.[168][169][170] Citizens and officials in Montreal, where he spent his early life, are considering honoring him by naming a street and other locations, including a library, after him.[171] The city of Montreal held a tribute concert to Cohen in December 2016, entitled "God is Alive, Magic Is Afoot" after a prose poem in his novel Beautiful Losers. It featured a number of musical performances and readings of Cohen's poetry.[172][173] A memorial also took place in Los Angeles. Cohen was survived by his two children and three grandchildren.[174][175][176] After Cohen's death, artist Kevin Ledo painted a nine-story portrait of him near Cohen's home on Montreal's Plateau Mont-Royal, and a 20-storey fedora-clad likeness on Crescent Street has dominated the city's downtown.[177] On November 6, 2017, the eve of the first anniversary of Cohen's passing, the Cohen Family organized a memorial concert entitled "Tower of Song" at the Bell Centre in Montreal. Fans and artists from all over the globe came together for an evening of spoken word and song that included performances by KD Lang, Elvis Costello, Feist, Adam Cohen, Patrick Watson, Sting, Damien Rice, Courtney Love, The Lumineers, Lana Del Rey
Lana Del Rey
and more.[178][179] The star-studded tribute also included Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his wife Sophie Gregoire Trudeau, who appeared on stage to speak about their personal connection with Cohen's music.[180] An interactive exhibit dedicated to the life and career of Leonard Cohen opened on November 9, 2017 at Montreal's contemporary art museum (MAC) entitled “Leonard Cohen: Une Brèche en Toute Chose / A Crack in Everything” and runs until April 9, 2018.[181][182] The exhibit had been in the works for several years prior to Cohen's death,[177] as part of the official program of Montreal's 375th anniversary celebrations.[183] Discography[edit] Main article: Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
discography Studio albums[edit]

Songs of Leonard Cohen
Songs of Leonard Cohen
(1967) Songs from a Room
Songs from a Room
(1969) Songs of Love and Hate
Songs of Love and Hate
(1971) New Skin for the Old Ceremony
New Skin for the Old Ceremony
(1974) Death of a Ladies' Man (1977) Recent Songs
Recent Songs
(1979) Various Positions
Various Positions
(1984) I'm Your Man (1988) The Future (1992) Ten New Songs
Ten New Songs
(2001) Dear Heather (2004) Old Ideas
Old Ideas
(2012) Popular Problems
Popular Problems
(2014) You Want It Darker
You Want It Darker
(2016)

Bibliography[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Poetry[edit] Collections[edit]

Cohen, Leonard (1956). Let us compare mythologies. [McGill Poetry Series]. Drawings by Freda Guttman. Montreal: Contact Press.  The Spice-Box of Earth. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1961.[184] Flowers for Hitler. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1964.[184] — (1966). Let us compare mythologies. [Reprint]. Drawings by Freda Guttman. Montreal: McClelland and Stewart.  Parasites of Heaven. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1966.[184] Selected Poems 1956–1968. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1968.[184] The Energy of Slaves. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1972. ISBN 0-7710-2204-2 ISBN 0-7710-2203-4 New York: Viking, 1973.[184] Death of a Lady's Man. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1978. ISBN 0-7710-2177-1 London, New York: Viking, Penguin, 1979.[184] – reissued 2010 Book
Book
of Mercy. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart, 1984.[184] – reissued 2010 Stranger Music: Selected Poems and Songs. London, New York, Toronto: Cape, Pantheon, McClelland & Stewart, 1993.[184] ISBN 0-7710-2230-1 Book
Book
of Longing. London, New York, Toronto: Penguin, Ecco, McClelland & Stewart, 2006.[184] (poetry, prose, drawings) ISBN 978-0-7710-2234-0 — (2006). Let us compare mythologies. [Reprint]. Drawings by Freda Guttman. Montreal: McClelland and Stewart.  — (2007). Let us compare mythologies. [First U.S. ed.] Drawings by Freda Guttman. New York: Ecco Press.  The Lyrics of Leonard Cohen. London: Omnibus Press, 2009.[184] ISBN 0-7119-7141-2 Poems and Songs. New York: Random House (Everyman's Library Pocket Poets), 2011. Fifteen Poems. New York: Everyman's Library/Random House, 2012. (eBook) The Flame. London, New York, Toronto: Penguin, McClelland & Stewart, 2018. (poetry, prose, drawings, journal entries)

List of poems[edit]

Title Year First published Reprinted/collected

Steer your way 2016 Cohen, Leonard (June 20, 2016). "Steer your way". The New Yorker. 92 (18): 64–65. 

Novels[edit]

The Favorite Game. London, New York, Toronto: Secker & Warburg, Viking P, McClelland & Stewart, 1963.[184] Reissued as The Favourite Game. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart [New Canadian Library], 1994. ISBN 978-0-7710-9954-0 Beautiful Losers. New York, Toronto: Viking Press, McClelland & Stewart, 1966. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart [New Canadian Library], 1991. ISBN 978-0-7710-9875-8 McClelland & Stewart [Emblem], 2003.[184] ISBN 978-0-7710-2200-5

Filmography[edit]

Ladies and Gentlemen... Mr. Leonard Cohen (1965) – documentary co-directed by Don Owen and Donald Brittain Angel (1966), man – experimental animated short directed by Derek May and produced for the National Film Board of Canada Poen (1967), narrator – short film featuring four readings of a prose poem from his novel Beautiful Losers[185] The Ernie Game
The Ernie Game
(1967), singer – feature film directed by Don Owen[186] I Am a Hotel (1983), resident – 28 minutes made for TV short musical film, written by Cohen and directed by Allan F. Nicholls[187] Song of Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
(1980) – documentary directed by Harry Rasky for CBC filmed on The Smokey Life Tour. After a phone call from Cohen in 2000, he and Rasky renewed their friendship and Rasky wrote based on his diary notes a book about the film: The Song of Leonard Cohen. Souvenir Press. April 1, 2010. ISBN 978-0-285-63964-5.  Miami Vice
Miami Vice
S2E17 "French Twist" (1986), Francois Zolan[188] The Tibetan Book
Book
of the Dead Part I: A Way of Life and The Tibetan Book
Book
of the Dead Part II: The Great Liberation (both 1994), narrator – documentary on Bardo Thodol
Bardo Thodol
directed by Yukari Hayashi (nl) and produced by the National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
in co-operation with NHK Japan. Released on DVD in 2004. Leonard Cohen: I'm Your Man (2005) – documentary and concert film directed by Lian Lunson Leonard Cohen: Bird on a Wire – documentary directed by Tony Palmer during Cohen's 20-city European tour which started on March 18, 1972 in Dublin
Dublin
and ended on April 21, 1972 in Jerusalem. The original film premiered in 1974 at the Rainbow Theatre
Rainbow Theatre
and was for decades thought lost.[189][190] A restored version from footage rediscovered in 2009 was released on DVD in 2010[191] and the film was re-released theatrically in 2017.[192]

Awards and nominations[edit] Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Leonard Cohen See also[edit]

Book: Leonard Cohen

Poetry portal Music of Canada
Music of Canada
portal

Culture of Quebec List of Quebec musicians Music of Canada Music of Quebec Leap Manifesto

Notes[edit]

^ Although Hammond was originally supposed to produce the record, he was ill and was replaced by the producer John Simon.[11] Simon and Cohen clashed over instrumentation and mixing; Cohen wanted the album to have a sparse sound, while Simon felt the songs could benefit from arrangements that included strings and horns. According to biographer Ira Nadel, although Cohen was able to make changes to the mix, some of Simon's additions "couldn't be removed from the four-track master tape."[11] ^ The tour was filmed under the title Bird on a Wire, released in 2010.[43] Both tours were represented on the Live Songs
Live Songs
LP. Leonard Cohen Live
Cohen Live
at the Isle of Wight 1970, released in 2009. ^ The recording of the album was fraught with difficulty—Spector reportedly mixed the album in secret studio sessions, and Cohen said Spector once threatened him with a crossbow. Cohen thought the end result "grotesque",[49] but also "semi-virtuous."[50] ^ Lissauer produced Cohen's next record Various Positions, which was released in December 1984 (and in January and February 1985 in various European countries). The LP included "Dance Me to the End of Love", which was promoted by Cohen's first video clip, directed by French photographer Dominique Issermann, and the frequently covered "Hallelujah." ^ Although Columbia declined to release the album in the United States, where it was pressed in small number of copies by the independent Passport Records. Anjani
Anjani
Thomas, who would become Cohen's partner, and a regular member of Cohen's recording team, joined his touring band. ^ During the 1980s, almost all of Cohen's songs were performed in the Polish language by Maciej Zembaty.[57] ^ The album, self-produced by Cohen, was promoted by black-and-white video shot by Dominique Issermann at the beach of Normandy. ^ The tour gave the basic structure to typical Cohen's three-hour, two-act concert, which he used in his tours in 1993, 2008–10, and 2012. The selection of performances from the late 1980s was released in 1994 on Cohen Live. ^ Statistics from the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA); the Canadian Recording Industry Association; the Australian Recording Industry Association; and the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry show more than five million copies of the song sold prior to late 2008 on compact disc. It has been the subject of a BBC Radio
BBC Radio
documentary and been featured in the soundtracks of numerous films and television programs.[64] ^ The album includes a recent musical setting of Cohen's "As the mist leaves no scar", a poem originally published in The Spice-Box of Earth in 1961 and adapted by Phil Spector
Phil Spector
as "True Love Leaves No Traces" on Death of a Ladies' Man album. Blue Alert also included Anjani's own version of "Nightingale", performed by her and Cohen on his Dear Heather, as well the country song "Never Got to Love You", apparently made after an early demo version of Cohen's own 1992 song "Closing Time". During the 2010 tour, Cohen was closing his live shows with the performance of "Closing Time" which included the recitation of verses from "Never Got to Love You". The title song, "Blue Alert", and "Half the Perfect World" were covered by Madeleine Peyroux
Madeleine Peyroux
on her 2006 album Half the Perfect World.[73] ^ In 2007, US. District Judge Lewis T. Babcock dismissed a claim by Cohen for more than US$4.5 million against Colorado investment firm Agile Group, and in 2008 he dismissed a defamation suit that Agile Group filed against Cohen.[82] Cohen was under new management from April 2005. In March 2012, Sylvie Simmons notes that Lynch was arrested in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
for "violating a permanent protective order that forbade her from contacting Leonard, which she had ignored repeatedly. On April 13, the jury found her guilty on all charges. On April 18 she was sentenced to eighteen months in prison and five years probation."[77] Cohen told that court, "It gives me no pleasure to see my onetime friend shackled to a chair in a court of law, her considerable gifts bent to the services of darkness, deceit, and revenge. It is my prayer that Ms. Lynch will take refuge in the wisdom of her religion, that a spirit of understanding will convert her heart from hatred to remorse, from anger to kindness, from the deadly intoxication of revenge to the lowly practices of self-reform."[83][84] In May 2016, United States District Judge Stephen Victor Wilson ordered the dismissal of Lynch's "RICO" suit against Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
and his lawyers Robert Kory and Michelle Rice of Kory & Rice, LLP as "legally and/or factually patently frivolous."[85] On December 6, 2016, a 16-count misdemeanor complaint against Lynch, alleging violations of the protective orders entered on behalf of Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
and his attorneys Kory and Rice, was filed.[86] At a preliminary hearing, further counts of alleged violations were added. Lynch entered a plea of not guilty to 31 counts of violating the protective orders. Lynch's pretrial hearing is scheduled for September 8, 2017.[87] ^ Simon Sweetman in The Dominion Post (Wellington)
The Dominion Post (Wellington)
of January 21 wrote "It is hard work having to put this concert in to words so I'll just say something I have never said in a review before and will never say again: this was the best show I have ever seen."The Sydney Entertainment Centre show on January 28 sold out rapidly, which motivated promoters to announce a second show at the venue. The first performance was well-received, and the audience of 12,000 responded with five standing ovations. In response to hearing about the devastation to the Yarra Valley region of Victoria in Australia, Cohen donated $200,000 to the Victorian Bushfire Appeal in support of those affected by the extensive Black Saturday bushfires
Black Saturday bushfires
that razed the area just weeks after his performance at the Rochford Winery in the A Day on the Green concert.[96] Melbourne's Herald Sun
Herald Sun
newspaper reported: "Tour promoter Frontier Touring said $200,000 would be donated on behalf of Cohen, fellow performer Paul Kelly and Frontier to aid victims of the bushfires."[97] ^ Amnesty International
Amnesty International
withdrew from any involvement with the concert and its proceeds.[104] Amnesty International
Amnesty International
later stated that its withdrawal was not due to the boycott but "the lack of support from Israeli and Palestinian NGOs." [105] The Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel
Israel
(PACBI) led the call for the boycott, claiming that Cohen was "intent on whitewashing Israel's colonial apartheid regime by performing in Israel."[101] ^ Cohen's work was presented by the translation of Book
Book
of Mercy, two of Cohen's biographies, and with selection of poems in major literary magazine Quorum, while there was also the translation of Linda Hutcheon's work on Cohen's literary output. In December 2010, the national daily newspaper Vjesnik ranked Cohen's show among the five most important cultural event in Croatia in 2010, in the poll among dozen of intellectuals and writers; it was the only event ranked which was not actually Croatian.[108] The tour continued through August, with stops in Austria, Belgium, Germany, Scandinavia, and Ireland, where on July 31, 2010 Cohen performed at Lissadell House in County Sligo. It was Cohen's eighth Irish concert in just two years after a hiatus of more than 20 years.[109] On August 12, Cohen played the 200th show of the tour in Scandinavium, Gothenburg, Sweden, where he had already played in October 2008; the show was four hours long.[citation needed]

References[edit]

^ Kapica, Jack (August 25, 1973). "The trials of Leonard Cohen". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved March 28, 2014.  ^ de Melo, Jessica (December 11, 2009). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
to Receive Lifetime Achievement Award at 2010 Grammys". Spinner Canada. Archived from the original on February 24, 2010. Retrieved February 24, 2010.  ^ "Masha Cohen". Geni.com.  ^ The International Who's Who. 2004. Retrieved April 22, 2012.  ^ Cohen, Leonard (May 24, 1985). "The Midday Show With Ray Martin". ABC (Interview). Interview with Ray Martin. Sydney. Archived from the original on February 24, 2006. Retrieved October 1, 2008. My – my mother was from Lithuania
Lithuania
which was a part of Poland and my great-grandfather came over from Poland to Canada.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Biography". AskMen. Archived from the original on September 11, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Nathan Bernard Cohen". Geni.com.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
buried quietly on Thursday in Montreal". Toronto Star.  ^ Williams, P. (n.d.) Leonard Cohen: The Romantic in a Ragpicker's Trade Archived January 17, 2010, at WebCite ^ "Inductee: Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– Into the consciousness – Hour Community".  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Nadel, Ira B. Various Position: A Life of Leonard Cohen. Pantheon Books: New York, 1996. ^ AmericaSings (November 12, 2016). "Leonard Cohen, "Joan of Arc", Norway 1988" – via YouTube.  ^ Wyatt, Nelson (March 11, 2012), "Celine Dion: Montreal's Schwartz's will go on", The Chronicle Herald  ^ a b c Langlois, Christine (October 2009), First We Take The Main (PDF), Reader's Digest  ^ Sax, David (2009), "Late Night Noshing", Save the Deli, archived from the original on September 7, 2012  ^ Biography of Leonard Cohen, Rock & Roll Hall of Fame ^ a b Simmons, Sylvie. I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen. NY: HarperCollins, 2012. ^ Adria, Marco, "Chapter and Verse: Leonard Cohen", Music of Our Times: Eight Canadian Singer-Songwriters (Toronto: Lorimer, 1990), p. 28. ^ a b c d Nadel, Ira Bruce (1996). Various Positions: A Life of Leonard Cohen. Toronto: Random House. p. 51.  ^ "'I want to write songs': Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
gave up hosting CBC TV show to be songwriter".  ^ Simmons, Sylvie. I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen. New York: HarperCollins, 2012. ^ "The Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ a b "The Blackening Pages". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ Iyer, Pico (October 22, 2001). "Listening to Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Utne Reader". Utne.com. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ "Laureates – Princess of Asturias Awards
Princess of Asturias Awards
– The Princess of Asturias Foundation". The Princess of Asturias Foundation. Retrieved November 17, 2015.  ^ Warhol, Andy: Popism. Orlando: Harcourt Press, 1980. ^ a b "Closing Time: The Canadian arts community remembers Leonard Cohen", The Globe and Mail, Canada, November 11, 2016 ^ a b Beta Hi-Fi Archive (July 23, 2009). "JUDY COLLINS – Interview about Leonard Cohen, "Suzanne"" – via YouTube.  ^ The Autobiography of Judy Collins
Judy Collins
(Pages 145-147 of the hardbound edition or 144-146 of the paperback edition). ^ Beta Hi-Fi Archive (July 6, 2013). " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
& Leonard Cohen – "Hey, Thats No Way To Say Goobye" 1976" – via YouTube.  ^ Beta Hi-Fi Archive (July 6, 2013). "JUDY COLLINS & LEONARD COHEN – "Suzanne" 1976" – via YouTube.  ^ AmericaSings (November 11, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
forgets the lyrics!" – via YouTube.  ^ Céline Allais (May 1, 2009). " Joan Baez
Joan Baez
– Suzanne" – via YouTube.  ^ a b Remnick, David (October 17, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Makes It Darker". The New Yorker. Retrieved November 2, 2016.  ^ "25 best Canadian debut albums ever". CBC Music, June 16, 2017. ^ Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
and Julie Felix, BBC
BBC
TV, 1968 ^ "Sixties crooner Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
makes comeback concert tour". London Evening Standard. March 13, 2008. Archived from the original on February 23, 2010. Retrieved February 23, 2010.  ^ "James Taylor: Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Ruhlmann, William. " Judy Collins
Judy Collins
in My Life". AllMusic. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Phipps, Keith; Tobias, Scott (September 30, 2014). "McCabe & Mrs. Miller: profound pessimism and Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
kindness". The Dissolve.  ^ Grierson, Tim (November 16, 2016). "How Leonard Cohen's Music Turned 'McCabe & Mrs. Miller' Into a Masterpiece". Rolling Stone.  ^ LeonardCohenVEVO (November 24, 2009). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– Suzanne (from "Live at the Isle of Wight 1970")" – via YouTube.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Bird on a Wire DVD". Leonardcohenbirdonawiredvd.blogspot.com. May 13, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2010.  ^ Remnick, David. Leonard Cohen, "The Last Interview", The New Yorker ^ messalina79 (March 1, 2009). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– Hey, That's No Way To Say Goodbye (live 1972)" – via YouTube.  ^ Bar-Yosef, Neta (September 13, 2013). "A poet goes to war". Israel Hayom.  ^ "Pictures of various European records with recording". 1heckofaguy.com. Archived from the original on July 7, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ Leibovitz, Liel (December 11, 2012). "Wall of Crazy: Phil Spector and Leonard Cohen's incredible album, released 35 years ago, is a time capsule of American pop music". Tablet: A New Read on Jewish Life. Nextbook Inc. Retrieved March 12, 2015.  ^ de Lisle, T. (2004)Hallelujah: 70 things about Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
at 70 ^ Fitzgerald, J. (2001) Beautiful loser, beautiful comeback. National Post, March 24, 2001. ^ a b AmericaSings (November 11, 2016). " Jennifer Warnes discusses Leonard Cohen" – via YouTube.  ^ Cohen, Debra Rae (February 21, 1980). "Recent Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Ruhlmann, William (1979). "Recent Songs". Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ AmericaSings (November 12, 2016). "Leonard Cohen, "Field Commander Cohen"" – via YouTube.  ^ a b Rohter, Larry (February 24, 2009). "On the Road, for Reasons Practical and Spiritual". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2010.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
in Warsaw (1985) by Daniel Wyszogrodzki". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Covers by Maciej Zembaty". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ AustinCityLimitsTV (November 11, 2016). " Austin City Limits
Austin City Limits
1411: Leonard Cohen" – via YouTube.  ^ "Tour of 1988 in Europe". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved February 21, 2011.  ^ "85Copenhagen".  ^ AmericaSings (November 11, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
sings "Hallelujah" in Denmark, 1985" – via YouTube.  ^ AmericaSings (November 11, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
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Leonard Cohen
Covered by Other Artists. The Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files. Retrieved July 12, 2009. ^ Appleyard, Bryan (January 9, 2005)."Hallelujah! — One Haunting Ballad Has Been the Soundtrack to Many Lives Recently. But Why? Bryan Appleyard on Leonard Cohen’s Uber-Song". The Times. ^ Maslin, Janet. "Time Passes, but a Song's Time Doesn't." The New York Times Book
Book
Review, December 9, 2012. ^ AmericaSings (September 23, 2013). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– Live in Spain 1988 – Everybody Knows" – via YouTube.  ^ Cohen, Leonard. Death of a Lady's Man: A Collection of Poetry and Prose, Andre Deutsch, reprint edition (1978, 2011) ^ "News and future plans". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "A Thousand Kisses Deep". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ " Anjani
Anjani
Thomas". Leonardcohenfiles.com. May 18, 1999. Retrieved February 21, 2011.  ^ "Still Life Studios". Discogs. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ Johnson, Brian D. (August 22, 2005). "Up Close and Personal" (PDF). Maclean's. Ontario. pp. 48–49. Retrieved January 19, 2016.  ^ Fordham, John (October 28, 2006). "Madeleine Peyroux, Half the Perfect World". The Guardian. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Holden, Stephen (June 21, 2006). "'Leonard Cohen: I'm Your Man': A Documentary Song of Praise". The New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Walters, John (October 5, 2007). "Herbie Hancock, River: The Joni Letters". The Guardian. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Lusk, Jon (2008). "Various Artists Born to the Breed: A Tribute To Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Review". BBC. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ a b c Simmons, Sylvie. I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen. NY: HarperCollins, 2012. ^ a b Glaister, Dan (October 8, 2005). "Cohen stays calm as $5m disappears". The Guardian. London. Retrieved September 29, 2009.  ^ a b Macklem, Katherine; Gillis, Charlie; Johnson, Brian D. (August 22, 2005). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Goes Broke". Maclean's. Retrieved September 19, 2011,  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
awarded $9 million in civil suit". CTV.ca. March 2, 2006. Retrieved February 6, 2010.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
'unlikely' to recover stolen millions: Funds taken by ex-manager going to be hard to recover". NME. March 3, 2006. Retrieved February 6, 2010.  ^ "Defamation Suit Against Songwriter Cohen Is Dropped (Update2)". Bloomberg News. June 17, 2008. Retrieved August 4, 2009.  ^ Leibovitz, Liel (2014). A Broken Hallelujah : Rock and Roll, Redemption, and the Life of Leonard Cohen. New York: W. W. Norton & Company. p. 235. ISBN 0-393-08205-9.  ^ "Transcript from April 17, 2012 Sentencing Hearing" (PDF). kelleylynchfactcheck.com. Retrieved August 15, 2017.  ^ Rice, Michelle (May 18, 2016). "5.18.16 Order Dismissing Kelley Lynch's RICO Suit". California: Scribd. Retrieved September 19, 2016.  ^ "Misdemeanor Complaint, People vs. Lynch" (PDF). kelleylynchfactcheck.com. Retrieved August 24, 2017.  ^ "Minute Order dated August 1, 2017" (PDF). kelleylynchfactcheck.com. Retrieved August 24, 2017.  ^ "Cohen returns to limelight with bestselling book". CBC Arts. May 14, 2006. Archived from the original on December 9, 2006. Retrieved May 19, 2006.  ^ " Book of Longing
Book of Longing
Philip Glass
Philip Glass
and Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
collaboration". Leonardcohenfiles.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
reveals details of world tour". NME. March 11, 2008. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ "Glastonbury headliners revealed". BBC
BBC
News. February 8, 2008. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ "Glastonbury 2008 – Leonard Cohen". BBC. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ "Glastonbury says 'Hallelujah' to Leonard Cohen". NME. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ "YouTube". [dead link] ^ Deming, Mark (2009). "Live in London". AllMusic. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ Swash, Rosie (February 10, 2009). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
donates £90,000 to Australian bushfire victims". The Guardian. London. Retrieved May 7, 2010.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
donates concert profits to bushfire relief fund". Herald Sun. February 11, 2009. Archived from the original on February 14, 2009.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Dazzles at New York Tour Warm-Up". Retrieved February 20, 2009.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
OK after fainting on stage". CBC News. September 19, 2009. Archived from the original on September 22, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
collapses on stage". BBC
BBC
News. September 19, 2009. Retrieved September 19, 2009.  ^ a b Kliger, Rachelle (July 13, 2009). "Leonard Cohen's Ramallah gig called off". The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post. Retrieved February 20, 2012. [permanent dead link] ^ "Leonard Cohen's blessed summer finale". The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post. September 26, 2009. Retrieved September 26, 2009. [permanent dead link] ^ "Haaretz on proceeds from Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
concert". August 2, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2010.  ^ " Amnesty International
Amnesty International
and the Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Fund for Reconciliation, Tolerance and Peace" (PDF). Public document. Amnesty International. August 17, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 1, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ Miller, Elan (August 23, 2009). "Amnesty yanks support for Cohen's peace concert". The Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Post. Archived from the original on January 25, 2016. Retrieved January 19, 2016.  ^ "Music's Top 40 Money Makers". Billboard. February 26, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2010.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
postpones European tour after injury". NME. February 6, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ Vjesnik.hr[dead link] ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
at Lissadell House". Lissadellhouse.com. Archived from the original on November 25, 2010. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ Simmons, Sylvie. I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen, Ecco (2013) ^ " Lana Del Rey
Lana Del Rey
Debuts at No. 2, Adele Holds No. 1 on Billboard 200". Billboard. February 8, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Leonard Cohen's "Going Home"". Culture Desk. January 16, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ Powers, Ann (January 22, 2012). "First Listen: Leonard Cohen, 'Old Ideas'". NPR. Retrieved January 24, 2012.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– Old Ideas: exclusive album stream". The Guardian. January 23, 2012. Retrieved January 24, 2012.  ^ Levy, Joe (January 26, 2012). " Old Ideas
Old Ideas
Album Reviews". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 7, 2012.  ^ Kot, Greg (January 24, 2012). "Album review: Leonard Cohen, 'Old Ideas'". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ Costa, Maddy (January 26, 2012). "Leonard Cohen: Old Ideas
Old Ideas
– review". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ Pareles, Jon (January 29, 2012). "Final Reckonings, a Tuneful Fedora and Forgiveness". The New York Times. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ "World Tour 2013", Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files ^ Pelly, Jenn (May 3, 2012). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Announces North American Tour". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved April 1, 2013.  ^ Battan, Carrie (January 9, 2013). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Plans North American Tour". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved April 1, 2013.  ^ Greene, Andy (October 6, 2015). "Flashback: Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Plays Final Encore at Last Concert". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 10, 2016.  ^ "Legendary singer Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
dies". Sky News. November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Releasing New Album 'Popular Problems' Two Days After 80th Birthday". Billboard. August 19, 2014. Retrieved August 21, 2014.  ^ "A Street by Leonard Cohen". The New Yorker. March 2, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2014.  ^ Greene, Andy. "Hear Leonard Cohen's Mesmerizing New Song 'You Want It Darker'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved September 23, 2016.  ^ "You Want It Darker". Retrieved May 22, 2017.  ^ "Leonard Cohen's Son, Collaborator Unveil 'Traveling Light' Video". Rolling Stone. Retrieved March 7, 2017.  ^ "Eder, Bruce. "Leonard Cohen: Biography." AllMusic by Rovi". AllMusic. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Leonard Cohen: Poet, Novelist, Musician". Poets.org. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ The New Yorker, October 17, 2016 article ' Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
makes it darker', by David Remnick ^ "Democracy lyrics on the Official Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Site". Archived from the original on April 14, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2014.  ^ "1974 Interview from 'Leonard Cohen' by Manzano". Webheights.net. October 12, 1974. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2010.  ^ AmericaSings (November 12, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
'Lover Lover Lover', 1979 tour" – via YouTube.  ^ (2001) "Cohen: Lover Lover Lover
Lover Lover Lover
est né là-bas... Le monde entier a les yeux rivés sur ce conflit tragique et complexe. Alors, je suis fidèle à certaines idées, forcément. J'espère que ceux dont je suis partisan vont gagner.." L'Express, France, October 4, 2001 ^ "1974 Interview from 'Leonard Cohen' by Manzano". Webheights.net. Archived from the original on February 22, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ Gabrielle H. Cody and Evert Sprinchorn, The Columbia encyclopedia of modern drama: M-Z, Volume 2 (p. 843). Columbia University Press, 2007. ISBN 978-0-231-14424-7. ^ de Lisle, Tim (September 17, 2004). "Who held a gun to Leonard Cohen's head?". The Guardian. London.  ^ " Mercury Rev
Mercury Rev
– All Is Dream". musicOMH. August 27, 2001.  ^ "Montreal". Marillion. Retrieved August 25, 2015.  ^ Stang Ihlen, Marianne Christine (July 29, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Muse Marianne Ihlen, of "So Long, Marianne", Passes Away". Everything Zoomer. Retrieved August 2, 2016.  ^ "Leonard Cohen’s muse Marianne Ihlen
Marianne Ihlen
dies at age 81". Toronto Star, August 4, 2016 (printed version, August 5, 2016, page A3). ^ "Leonard Cohen's letter to dying muse Marianne Ihlen
Marianne Ihlen
is just beautiful Metro News". Metro. UK. August 7, 2016. Retrieved October 21, 2016.  ^ "The Story of Suzanne". BBC Radio 4
BBC Radio 4
interview with Suzanne Verdal McCallister. leonardcohenfiles.com. June 6, 1998. Retrieved November 19, 2010.  ^ Grant, Brigit (March 29, 2012). "Being Leonard Cohen's son – it's not all hallelujahs". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved November 14, 2016.  ^ "Transcript of Stina Lundberg's Interview in Paris, 2001". Webheights.net. 2001. Archived from the original on January 12, 2013. Retrieved July 26, 2010.  ^ de Lisle, Tim (September 17, 2004). "Who held a gun to Leonard Cohen's head?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 6, 2010.  ^ "Leonard Cohen's third act – Macleans.ca". September 21, 2016.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
died in his sleep after fall, manager says – Fox News". November 16, 2016.  ^ Cohen, Leonard (2012). "I'm Your Man" (in Croatian). Leonardcohencroatia.com. Archived from the original on June 20, 2010. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ Cohen, Leonard (June 1, 1993). "Knowing Rebecca
Rebecca
de Mornay Like Only Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Can". Archived from the original on September 19, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2010.  ^ Cohen, Leonard (2012). "The Future". A Record by Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
(in Croatian). Leonardcohencroatia.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ The Online Jewish Book
Book
Community (JBooks.com) (June 2006). " Book
Book
of Longing (Review)". Reviews & Articles. leonardcohencroatia.com. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved February 20, 2012.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
remembered, by his Cantor: 'Home was where Eliezer's heart was pulled'". Retrieved March 3, 2018 – via The Globe and Mail.  ^ See Larry Rohter, "On the Road, for Reasons Practical and Spiritual." The New York Times, February 25, 2009. For an extended discussion of the Jewish mystical and Buddhist motifs in Cohen's songs and poems, see Elliot R. Wolfson, "New Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Glowing: Songs and Poems of Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
in a Kabbalistic Key", Kabbalah: A Journal for the Study of Jewish Mystical Texts 15 (2006): 103–152. ^ "Cohen using Jewish prayers and blessings in Hebrew in his concert in Israel". Forward.com. Retrieved November 13, 2010.  ^ Burger, Jeff (April 1, 2014). Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
on Leonard Cohen. Chicago Review Press. p. 374.  ^ "Leonard Cohen: Poet, Prophet, Eternal Optimist;". Myjewishlearning.com. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ Leonard Cohen: In His Own Words (In Their Own Words) Paperback. July 7, 1998.  ^ Presenter: Kirsty Lang
Kirsty Lang
Producer: Ella-mai Robey (November 11, 2016). "Leonard Cohen, BalletBoyz, Contemporary war poetry". Front Row. 26:28 minutes in. BBC. BBC Radio
BBC Radio
4.  ^ "I already knew Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
was dead on Election Day — then things got worse". November 19, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2018.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Died on Monday, Sony Confirms". Billboard.  ^ "Leonard Cohen, singer-songwriter of love, death and philosophical longing, dies at 82". The Washington Post. November 10, 2016.  ^ Sisario, Ben (November 16, 2016). "For Leonard Cohen, the End Came With a Fall in the Night". The New York Times. Retrieved November 16, 2016.  ^ Monroe, Jazz. " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Died on Monday, Buried Yesterday Pitchfork". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved November 12, 2016.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
died Monday, funeral held Thursday in Montreal". Montreal Gazette. November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
had simple funeral". Bang Showbiz. Archived from the original on November 14, 2016. Retrieved November 14, 2016.  ^ "Canadian Musicians Pay Tribute To Leonard Cohen". The Huffington Post. Retrieved November 17, 2016.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
dies: Celebrities pay tribute to the singer-songwriter", Entertainment Weekly, November 10, 2016 ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
dead at 82: Justin Trudeau leads tributes to 'remarkable' musician and poet", Independent UK, November 10, 2016. ^ "What is the best way for Montreal to pay tribute to Leonard Cohen?", Montreal Gazette, November 11, 2016 ^ "Fans hold sing-along vigil for Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
outside his Montreal home". CBC News. November 12, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.  ^ "A Montreal celebration of Leonard Cohen's life and work". CBC News. December 14, 2016. Retrieved May 31, 2017.  ^ DrHGuy (November 10, 2016). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Is Dead; Our World Is Darker".  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Dead at 82". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 11, 2016.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
dead at 82: tributes pour in to legendary singer-songwriter", The Telegraph UK, November 11, 2016 ^ a b Morgan Lowrie. "Montrealers get ready to party for 'Cohen Week's". Victoria Times-Colonist. Canadian Press. p. D5.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
honoured in Montreal one year after his death". Global News. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ "Tower of Song: A Tribute to Leonard Cohen". CBC Music. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
honoured with memorial concert in Montreal". Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ Barone, Joshua (2017-06-15). " Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Exhibition Is Planned for Museum in Montreal". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ "The insider's guide to MAC's Leonard Cohen: A Crack in Everything CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ "Leonard Cohen". MAC Montréal. Retrieved 2018-01-22.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Search results: Leonard Cohen". Openlibrary.org. Retrieved September 22, 2014.  ^ "Poen". National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved December 19, 2016.  ^ Steve Gravestock; Toronto International Film Festival Group (October 6, 2005). Don Owen: Notes on a Filmmaker and His Culture. Indiana University Press. pp. 69–. ISBN 0-9689132-4-5. Ernie sits down in the living room to listen to Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
playing the film's theme song, "The Stranger," to an entranced and silent group. The song ... Like the song's dreamer protagonist, he "wants to trade the game he knows for shelter.  ^ Jason Holt (September 22, 2014). Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
and Philosophy: Various Positions. Open Court. pp. 124–. ISBN 978-0-8126-9882-4. who watches Leonard Cohen's I Am a Hotel cannot help but be struck by the range of emotional expression it presents, from the physical exuberance of the dancers in "Memories" to the melancholy questioning and selfdoubt in "The Gypsy's ...  ^ Deevoy, Adrian (1991). "Leonard Cohen: Porridge? Lozenge? Syringe?". UK. Retrieved December 19, 2016. In truth, I had a much bigger part. I went down there and did my first scene and the assistant director rang me up and said, You were really great, truly wonderful. And I said, OK, thanks a lot. Then the casting director from New York called me up and said, You were fantastic, truly wonderful! And I said, You mean I’m fired. And he said, "Yeah, we’re cutting all your other scenes and giving them to another guy."  ^ Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (July 13, 1974). Billboard. 28. 85. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. pp. 44–.  ^ Loranne S. Dorman; Clive L. Rawlins (1990). Leonard Cohen: Prophet of the Heart. Omnibus Press. pp. 279–. ISBN 978-0-7119-2774-2.  ^ "Bird On a Wire UK 1972". The Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Files. Retrieved December 19, 2016.  ^ Kenny, Glenn (January 17, 2017). "Review: 'Leonard Cohen: Bird on a Wire,' Portrait of an Artist in Chaos". The New York Times. Retrieved January 22, 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Burger, Jeff (2014). ' Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
on Leonard Cohen: Interviews and Encounters. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-61374-758-2.  Hofmann, Philipp (2010). Corporeal Cartographies: The Body in the Novels of Leonard Cohen. Lit Publishing House. ISBN 978-3-643-11035-0.  Nadel, Ira (1997). Various Positions: A Life of Leonard Cohen' (1st ed.). University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-71732-6.  Quayle, Teresa (2016). Smudging the Air:The lyrics of Leonard Cohen. ISBN 978-1-5411-6700-1.  Ratcliff, Maurice (1999). The complete guide to the music of Leonard Cohen. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-7508-6.  Scobie, Stephen (2000). Intricate preparations: writing Leonard Cohen. ECW Press. ISBN 1-55022-433-6.  Simmons, Sylvie (2012). I'm Your Man: The Life of Leonard Cohen. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-199498-2. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutLeonard Cohenat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata

Official website Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
at Encyclopædia Britannica Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
on IMDb Stafford, Jeff (August 21, 2010). "Bird on a Wire (1972)". TCM Movie Morlocks. Documentary account of Cohen's European tour  "Leonard Cohen". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  Brittain, Donald; Owen, Don (1965). "Ladies and Gentlemen... Mr. Leonard Cohen" (video). Documentary. National Film Board of Canada (NFB).  "Canadian Poetry: Studies/Documents/Reviews". The Proceedings of the Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Conference (October 22–24, 1993). Red Deer College. 33. Fall 1993.  Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
at Find a Grave

v t e

Leonard Cohen

Studio albums

Songs of Leonard Cohen Songs from a Room Songs of Love and Hate New Skin for the Old Ceremony Death of a Ladies' Man Recent Songs Various Positions I'm Your Man The Future Ten New Songs Dear Heather Old Ideas Popular Problems You Want It Darker

Live albums

Live Songs Cohen Live Field Commander Cohen: Tour of 1979 Live in London Live at the Isle of Wight 1970 Songs from the Road Live in Dublin Can't Forget: A Souvenir of the Grand Tour

Compilations

The Best of Leonard Cohen So Long, Marianne More Best of Leonard Cohen The Essential Leonard Cohen

Tribute albums

Famous Blue Raincoat I'm Your Fan Tower of Song Leonard Cohen: I'm Your Man Judy Collins
Judy Collins
Sings Leonard Cohen: Democracy The Songs of Leonard Cohen
Songs of Leonard Cohen
Covered

Concert tours

The Smokey Life Tour Various Positions
Various Positions
Tour I'm Your Man Tour The Future World Tour Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
Tour 2008–2010 Old Ideas
Old Ideas
World Tour

Songs

"Ain't No Cure for Love" "Avalanche" "Bird on the Wire" "Dance Me to the End of Love" "Everybody Knows" "Famous Blue Raincoat" "First We Take Manhattan" "The Gypsy's Wife" "Hallelujah" "Hey, That's No Way to Say Goodbye" "I'm Your Man" "In My Secret Life" "Joan of Arc" "The Partisan" "So Long, Marianne" "Suzanne" "Take This Waltz" "You Want It Darker"

Books

Let Us Compare Mythologies The Spice-Box of Earth The Favourite Game Flowers for Hitler Beautiful Losers Selected Poems 1956-1968 Stranger Music Book
Book
of Longing

Related

Awards and nominations Discography Leonard Cohen: I'm Your Man Sharon Robinson Jennifer Warnes Anjani
Anjani
Thomas Perla Batalla Julie Christensen Marianne Ihlen Blue Alert Bob Johnston I Am a Hotel Ladies and Gentlemen... Mr. Leonard Cohen The Holy or the Broken

Book Category

Accolades received by Leonard Cohen

v t e

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 2008

Performers

The Dave Clark Five
The Dave Clark Five
(Dave Clark, Lenny Davidson, Rick Huxley, Denis Payton, Mike Smith) Leonard Cohen Madonna John Mellencamp The Ventures
The Ventures
(Bob Bogle, Nokie Edwards, Gerry McGee, Mel Taylor, Don Wilson)

Non-performers (Ahmet Ertegun Award)

Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff

Sidemen

Little Walter

v t e

Glenn Gould Prize laureates

1987 R. Murray Schafer 1990 Yehudi Menuhin 1993 Oscar Peterson 1996 Toru Takemitsu 1999 Yo-Yo Ma 2002 Pierre Boulez 2005 André Previn 2008 José Antonio Abreu 2011 Leonard Cohen 2013 Robert Lepage 2015 Philip Glass

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Prix Denise-Pelletier Laureates

1977–2000

Félix Leclerc
Félix Leclerc
(1977) Bernard Lagacé (1978) Jean Duceppe (1979) Ludmilla Chiriaeff (1980) Jean Papineau-Couture
Jean Papineau-Couture
(1981) Lionel Daunais
Lionel Daunais
(1982 Gilles Vigneault
Gilles Vigneault
(1983) Fernand Nault (1984) Jean Gascon (1985) Colette Boky (1986) Jean-Louis Roux
Jean-Louis Roux
(1987) John Newmark (1988) Jeanne Renaud (1989) Joseph Rouleau (1990) Gilles Tremblay (1991) Vincent Warren (1992) Monique Mercure (1993) Martine Époque (1994) Walter Joachim (1995) François Morel (1996) Raymond Lévesque (1997) Gilles Pelletier (1998) Jean-Pierre Ronfard (1999) André Brassard (2000)

2000–present

Paul Buissonneau (2001) Édouard Lock (2002) Robert Lepage
Robert Lepage
(2003) Walter Boudreau
Walter Boudreau
(2004) Clémence DesRochers (2005) Hélène Loiselle (2006) Paul Hébert (2007) Anik Bissonnette (2008) Roland Lepage (2009) Marie Chouinard (2010) Yannick Nézet-Séguin
Yannick Nézet-Séguin
(2011) Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
(2012) Monique Leyrac (2013) Denis Marleau (2014) Marie-Hélène Falcon (2015) Lorraine Vaillancourt (2016)

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Juno Award for Artist of the Year

2000s

Shania Twain
Shania Twain
(2003) Sam Roberts
Sam Roberts
(2004) Avril Lavigne
Avril Lavigne
(2005) Michael Bublé
Michael Bublé
(2006) Nelly Furtado
Nelly Furtado
(2007) Feist (2008) Sam Roberts
Sam Roberts
(2009)

2010s

K'naan
K'naan
(2010) Neil Young
Neil Young
(2011) Feist (2012) Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
(2013) Serena Ryder
Serena Ryder
(2014) The Weeknd
The Weeknd
(2015 and 2016) Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
(2017)

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Juno Award for Album of the Year
Juno Award for Album of the Year
(2000–2019)

2000s

2000: Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
– Supposed Former Infatuation Junkie 2001: Barenaked Ladies
Barenaked Ladies
– Maroon 2002: Diana Krall
Diana Krall
– The Look of Love 2003: Avril Lavigne
Avril Lavigne
– Let Go 2004: Sam Roberts
Sam Roberts
– We Were Born in a Flame 2005: Billy Talent
Billy Talent
– Billy Talent 2006: Michael Bublé
Michael Bublé
– It's Time 2007: Nelly Furtado
Nelly Furtado
– Loose 2008: Feist – The Reminder 2009: Nickelback
Nickelback
– Dark Horse

2010s

2010: Michael Bublé
Michael Bublé
– Crazy Love 2011: Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
– The Suburbs 2012: Michael Bublé
Michael Bublé
– Christmas 2013: Carly Rae Jepsen
Carly Rae Jepsen
– Kiss 2014: Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
– Reflektor 2015: Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– Popular Problems 2016: The Weeknd
The Weeknd
– Beauty Behind the Madness 2017: Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
– You Want It Darker

(1980–1999)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 56703476 LCCN: n79033018 ISNI: 0000 0001 1027 3481 GND: 11867658X SELIBR: 181963 SUDOC: 033144443 BNF: cb12441196b (data) BIBSYS: 90132267 MusicBrainz: 65314b12-0e08-43fa-ba33-baaa7b874c15 NLA: 35029453 NDL: 00436292 NKC: jn19990001439 ICCU: ITICCURAVV41407 BNE: XX894

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