HOME
The Info List - Latvian Air Force


--- Advertisement ---



Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
(Latvian: Latvijas Gaisa spēki) is the aviation branch of the National Armed Forces.[1] The first Air Force (AF) units were established 1992. It has no air combat capability, thus the defense of Latvian air space is maintained by NATO, with rotating detachments of four aircraft to Lithuania
Lithuania
at four-monthly intervals (see Baltic Air Policing).

Contents

1 History 2 Mission 3 Structure of Air Force 4 Current inventory

4.1 Aircraft 4.2 Air Defense

5 See also 6 References

History[edit]

Latvian IVL A.22 Hansa.

The Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
was first founded during the Latvian War of Independence. On 7 June 1919 an Air Group was formed, commanded by Lt. Alfrēds Valleika. The first aircraft were former Bolshevik Nieuport 24bis and Sopwith 1½ Strutter, both seized from German forces. They first flew on 5 August 1919, and accomplished the first bombing mission on 26 August 1919.[2] From September the air force had three aircraft, and took part in fighting against the Germans and White Russians. Another 7–8 aircraft were seized and repaired after defeating of Russo-German forces, and 7 Sopwith Camels and 3 Sopwith 1½ Strutters were received from the British in December 1919.[2] The Latvian air force flew 69 missions during the war of independence.[2] In the years to follow many more aircraft were added to the inventory and the Air Group was eventually renamed the Aviation Regiment in 1926. An interesting feat of the Latvian naval aviation was a 6000-km trip to England and back, by three Fairey Seal
Fairey Seal
floatplanes, in 1936.[3] In 1939, the Aviation Regiment consisted of three fighter squadrons, armed with 24 Gloster Gladiator
Gloster Gladiator
and 6 Bristol Bulldog
Bristol Bulldog
(a fourth squadron was in organization), three reconnaissance squadrons, armed with up to 12 Letov Š-16LS, 2 Hawker Hind
Hawker Hind
and 10 Stampe SV.5, and a naval reconnaissance squadron with 4 Fairey Seal
Fairey Seal
and two other planes.[2] The Soviet occupation in 1940 ended the activities of the Air Force. At that time there were almost 130 aircraft.[citation needed] The post-Soviet Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
was formed on 24 February 1992 at Spilve Airport. In August 1994 the airforce moved to an ex-soviet Lielvārde
Lielvārde
Air Base. In the beginning of the new century two new and more heavy Mi-8MTV
Mi-8MTV
Hip helicopters were bought. Both helicopters are fitted with search and rescue equipment, but are also used for transportation of troops, evacuation and support of the Special Forces. In 2004 the Ministry of Defense bought two more Mi-8MTV's at the Russian Ulan Ude helicopter (rework) factory. These two might replace the first two, because of the limited flying time left on the first two examples. One Mi-8MTV
Mi-8MTV
is normally at SAR stand-by in Riga, which is closer to the sea than Lielvārde. In 2004, the Air Force has commenced the modernization of the surface air defense capabilities by signing a contract regarding procurement of RBS-70
RBS-70
missiles. In 2005, soldiers of the Air Force Air Defense Wing started the respective training course. One Air Defense Battery will be supplied with the armament; and the personnel training of the Air Defense Wing will be completed by the end of 2007. It is planned to accommodate all the Air Force units at the Lielvārde military base in the near future. AF Air Operations Center was opened in 2009. Renovation of the air base is planned to be finished by 2014. Mission[edit] The Air Force carries out Latvian airspace surveillance, control and defense, provides air defense support to the Land Forces units and participates in search and rescue operations over the Baltic Sea, the Gulf of Riga
Riga
and dry land. They also transport NAF soldiers and cargo, provide transport for the State President, as well as other high-level Latvian and foreign officials during their visits to Latvia
Latvia
and abroad. AF aircraft also assist other NAF units, the Interior Ministry and the Crisis Medicine Centre. The Air Force carries out the national airspace surveillance by military radars included in its armament. One of the key priorities for the development of the AF is their integration into the NATO
NATO
Air Defense System. The modernization of air defense equipment and the training of personnel is carried out with this purpose in mind. Enhancing the Air Space Surveillance
Surveillance
System, developing a search and rescue helicopter subdivision and personnel training are also included on this list of priorities.

A Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
MI-2

Air Force helicopters in co-operation with the Disaster Medicine Center also transport patients in grave condition, persons injured in accidents and persons injured in traffic accidents from rural regions to Riga
Riga
hospitals. Development of the Lielvārde
Lielvārde
military base will ensure centralization of Air Force units and establishment of an efficient command and control system, which will result in a reduction of the maintenance costs of the Air Force units. The main mission of Air Force is to:

Provide for the control and defense of the national air space; Provide combat and mobilization readiness for units; Participate in people and object search and rescue operations; Perform air transportation duties and air defense.

Structure of Air Force[edit] Air Force Headquarters

Aviation Squadron

Squadron Staff Helicopter Section (Mi-17 helicopters) Transport Plane Section ( L-410
L-410
and An-2
An-2
planes) Training Section (Mi-2 helicopters) Rescue Section (Mi-17 helicopters) Aircraft Maintenance Section

Air Surveillance
Surveillance
Squadron

Squadron Staff Air Operations Center 1st Radio Technical (Radar) Post 2nd Radio Technical (Radar) Post 3rd Radio Technical (Radar) Post Mobile Radar Section (TPS-117 radar) Signal Section Engineer Section Security Platoon

Air Defense Wing

Staff and Supply Battery 1st Air Defense Batterynote 1 (PS-70 radar and RBS 70
RBS 70
missile systems) 2nd Air Defense Battery (PS-70 radar and RBS 70
RBS 70
missile systems) 3rd Air Defense Battery (PS-70 radar and RBS 70
RBS 70
missile systems)

note 1 Each Air Defense Battery consists of the following: 1x Radar Platoon, 3x Air Defense Platoons, 1x Support Platoon, and 1x Signal Unit) Current inventory[edit] Aircraft[edit]

A Latvian Mil Mi-17
Mil Mi-17
helicopter

Aircraft Origin Type In service Notes

Helicopters

Mil Mi-17 Russia SAR / utility 4[4]

Air Defense[edit]

Name Origin Type In service Notes

Anti-aircraft artillery

RBS-70 Sweden MANPADS 18

See also[edit]

Baltic Air Policing Riga
Riga
Aviation Museum

References[edit] [5]

^ Contact ^ a b c d Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
1918–1940, "Insignia Air Force Special", London:Blue Rider Publishing, 2000, ISBN 1-902851-04-8 ^ Indans' Great Amok, "Insignia" Issue 11, Volume 3, Number 3, Spring 1999, ISSN 1360-4848, p.76-82 ^ "World Air Forces 2018". Flightglobal Insight. 2018. Retrieved 1 December 2017.  ^ " Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
Equipment. 30". Latvian Armed Forces. 

Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
on scramblemagazine.nl Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
aeroflight.co.uk http://www.mil.lv/Vienibas/Aviacijas_baze/Tehnika.aspx

v t e

Latvian National Armed Forces

Latvian Land Forces Latvian Naval Forces Latvian Air Force Latvian National Guard Latvian Special
Special
Tasks Unit Latvian Military Police Latvian Staff Battalion Latvian Security Service

v t e

NATO
NATO
Air Forces

Air forces

Albanian Air Force Belgian Air Component Bulgarian Air Force Royal Canadian Air Force Croatian Air Force
Croatian Air Force
and Air Defence Czech Air Force

Royal Danish Air Force Danish Air Force
Danish Air Force
Home Guard

Estonian Air Force

French Air Force French Air Gendarmerie

German Air Force German Cyber and Information Space Command

Hellenic Air Force Hungarian Air Force Italian Air Force Latvian Air Force

Lithuanian Air Force Lithuanian Special
Special
Operations Force Air Force Special
Special
Operations Element

Montenegrin Air Force Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Air Force

Royal Norwegian Air Force Norwegian Cyber Defence Force

Polish Air Force Portuguese Air Force Romanian Air Force Slovak Air Force Slovenian Air Force
Slovenian Air Force
and Air Defence

Spanish Air Force Spanish Royal Guard
Spanish Royal Guard
"Plus Ultra" Squadron

Turkish Air Force Royal Air Force United States
United States
Air Force

Maritime forces aviation

Bulgarian Naval Aviation French Naval Aviation German Naval Aviation Naval Aviation Command Icelandic Coast Guard Aeronautical Division

Italian Navy Aviation Italian Coast Guard Air Service

Netherlands
Netherlands
Naval Aviation Service Polish Naval Aviation Brigade Portuguese Naval Aviation Romanian Naval Forces Aviation Spanish Naval Air Arm

Turkish Naval Forces Aviation Command Turkish Coast Guard Aviation Command

Fleet Air Arm

United States
United States
Marine Corps Aviation United States
United States
Naval Air Forces United States
United States
Coast Guard Aviation

Land forces aviation

French Army
Army
Light Aviation National Gendarmerie
National Gendarmerie
Aviation

German Army
Army
Aviation Corps Hellenic Army
Army
Aviation

Italian Army
Army
Aviation Command Aerial Service of the Carabinieri
Carabinieri
Corps

Lithuanian National Defence Volunteer Forces, Aviation Unit Polish Land Forces
Polish Land Forces
Aviation Spanish Army
Army
Airmobile Force

Turkish Land Forces
Turkish Land Forces
Aviation Command Turkish Gendarmerie Aviation Command

Army
Army
Air Corps United States
United States
Army
Army
Aviation Branch

v t e

NATO
NATO
Land Forces

Land forces

Albanian Land Force Albanian Military Police

Belgian Land Component Belgian Medical Component

Bulgarian Land Forces Canadian Army Croatian Army

Czech Land Forces Czech Castle Guard

Royal Danish Army Danish Army
Army
Home Guard

Estonian Land Forces Estonian Defence League

French Army French National Gendarmerie French National Guard

German Army German Joint Support Service German Joint Medical Service

Hellenic Army Hungarian Ground Forces Iceland
Iceland
Crisis Response Unit

Italian Army Italian Carabinieri

Latvian Land Forces Latvian National Guard

Lithuanian Land Force Lithuanian Special
Special
Operations Force

Luxembourg
Luxembourg
Army Montenegrin Ground Army

Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Army Royal Netherlands
Netherlands
Marechaussee

Norwegian Army Norwegian Home Guard

Polish Land Forces Polish Special
Special
Forces Polish Territorial Defence Force

Portuguese Army Romanian Land Forces Ground Forces of the Slovak Republic Slovenian Ground Force

Spanish Army Spanish Royal Guard Common Corps of the Spanish Armed Forces Military Emergencies Unit

Turkish Land Forces Turkish Gendarmerie General Command

British Army United States
United States
Army

Maritime land forces

Military Police Company of the Bulgarian Naval Forces Command Croatian Naval Security Company Estonian Naval Base Defense Company French Fusiliers Marins German Naval Force Protection Battalion Italian Navy San Marco Marine Brigade Netherlands
Netherlands
Marine Corps Portuguese Marine Corps Romanian Naval Forces 307th Marine Battalion Spanish Navy Marines Turkish Naval Amphibious Marine Brigade British Royal Marines United States
United States
Marine Corps

Air force
Air force
land forces

Belgian Air Component
Belgian Air Component
Force Protection Squadron Military Police Company of the Bulgarian Air Forces Command Czech Air Force
Czech Air Force
Security Squadrons Estonian Air Force
Estonian Air Force
Base Defense Operations Center French Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air German Air Force
German Air Force
Regiment Latvian Air Force
Latvian Air Force
Security Platoon Lituanian Air Force Air Defence Battalion Montenegrin Air Force
Montenegrin Air Force
Air Base Security Platoon Royal Norwegian Air Force
Royal Norwegian Air Force
Base Defense Squadron Portuguese Polícia Aérea British Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
Regiment United States
United States
Air Force Security Forces

v t e

Air forces
Air forces
in Europe

Sovereign states

European Union

Austria Belgium Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden United Kingdom

Other

Albania Andorra Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia and Herzegovina Georgia Iceland Kazakhstan Liechtenstein Republic of Macedonia Moldova Monaco Montenegro Norway Russia San Marino Serbia Switzerland Turkey Ukraine

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Kosovo Nagorno-Karabakh Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

v t e

List of air forces

Abkhazia Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Congo DR Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Finland France Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea-Bissau Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Myanmar Namibia Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa South Korea South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela Vietnam Yem

.