LA PAZ, (/lɑː ˈpɑːz/ ), officially known as NUESTRA SEñORA DE
LA PAZ (Spanish pronunciation: ; English: Our Lady of Peace), also
named CHUQI YAPU (CHUQUIAGO) in Aymara , is the seat of government of
the Plurinational State of
Bolivia . With an estimated 789,541
residents as of 2015,
La Paz is the third-most populous city in
Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Santa Cruz de la Sierra and
El Alto ).
Its metropolitan area, which is formed by La Paz,
El Alto and Viacha
, makes up the most populous urban area in Bolivia, with a population
of 2.3 million. It is also the capital of the
La Paz Department .
The city, located in west-central
Bolivia 68 km (42 mi) southeast of
Lake Titicaca , is set in a canyon created by the
Choqueyapu River .
It is located in a bowl-like depression surrounded by the high
mountains of the
Altiplano . Overlooking the city is the towering,
Illimani . Its peaks are always snow covered and can be
seen from many parts of the city. At an elevation of roughly 3,650 m
(11,975 ft) above sea level ,
La Paz is the highest capital city in
the world . Due to its altitude,
La Paz has an unusual subtropical
highland climate , with rainy summers and dry winters.
La Paz was founded on October 20, 1548 by the Spanish conquistador
Alonso de Mendoza at the site of the
Inca settlement of Laja
as a connecting point between the commercial routes that led from
Potosí and Oruro to
Lima ; the full name of the city was originally
Nuestra Señora de
La Paz (meaning Our Lady of
Peace ) in
commemoration of the restoration of peace following the insurrection
Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors against the first viceroy
Peru . The city was later moved to its present location in the
valley of Chuquiago Marka.
La Paz was under Spanish colonial rule as
part of the
Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata , before Bolivia
gained independence. Since its founding, the city was the site of
numerous revolts. In 1781, the indigenous leader and independence
Túpac Katari laid siege to the city for a total of six
months, but was finally defeated. On July 16, 1809 the Bolivian
Pedro Domingo Murillo ignited a revolution for independence,
marking the beginning of the Spanish American Wars of Independence ,
which gained the freedom of South American states in 1821.
As the seat of the government of Bolivia,
La Paz is the site of the
Palacio Quemado , the Presidential Palace and seat of the Bolivian
executive power , the
Plurinational Legislative Assembly , and
numerous government departments and agencies.
Sucre is the
constitutional capital of
Bolivia and retains the judicial power .
The city hosts numerous foreign embassies as well as international
missions in the country.
La Paz is an important political,
administrative, economic, and sports center of Bolivia; it generates
25% of Bolivia's Gross Domestic Product and serves as the headquarters
for numerous Bolivian companies and industries.
La Paz is also an important cultural center of Bolivia, as it hosts
several landmarks belonging to the colonial times, such as the San
Francisco Church , the Metropolitan Cathedral , the
Plaza Murillo and
the Jaén Street. The city is renowned for its unique markets,
particularly the Witches\' Market , and for its vibrant nightlife.
Its unusual topography offers unique views of the city and the
surrounding mountains of the Cordillera Real from numerous natural
viewing points .
La Paz is also home to both the longest and highest
urban cable car network in the world. In May 2015, it was officially
recognized as one of the New 7 Wonders Cities together with
Kuala Lumpur and
La Paz is listed on
the Global Cities Index 2015, and is considered a global city type
Globalization and World Cities Research Network
Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC).
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Districts and neighborhoods
* 3.1 Main neighborhoods and zones
* 4 Cityscape
* 5 Colonial architecture
* 6 Economy
* 7 Sports
* 8 Education
* 9 Tourism
* 9.1 Principal attractions
* 9.1.1 Museums and cultural centers
* 9.1.2 Churches and cathedrals
* 9.1.3 Other attractions
* 10 Local festivals
* 11 Transportation
* 11.1 Highways
* 11.2 Air
* 11.3 Bus
* 11.4 Cable car system
La Paz traffic zebras
La Paz traffic zebras
* 12 Communications and media
* 13 Water supply
* 14 International relations
* 14.1 Twin towns and sister cities
* 15 Notable people
* 16 Image gallery
* 17 Curiosities
* 18 See also
* 19 References
* 20 External links
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History of La Paz Government Palace of
This area had been the site of an
Inca city, located on a major
Although the Spanish conquistadors entered the area in 1535, they did
La Paz until 1548. Originally it was to be at the site of
the Native American settlement, Laja , with the full name of the city
being Nuestra Señora de
La Paz (meaning Our Lady of
Peace ). The name
commemorated the restoration of peace following the insurrection of
Gonzalo Pizarro and fellow conquistadors four years earlier against
Blasco Núñez Vela
Blasco Núñez Vela , the first viceroy of
Peru . The town site was
moved a few days later to its present location in the valley of
Chuquiago, which is more clement.
Control over the former
Inca lands had been entrusted to Pedro de la
Gasca by the Spanish king (and Holy Roman Emperor) Emperor Charles V .
Alonso de Mendoza to found a new city commemorating
the end of the civil wars in Peru; the city of
La Paz was founded on
October 20, 1548 by Alonzo de Mendoza, with Juan de Vargas appointed
as its first mayor.
In 1549, Juan Gutierrez Paniagua was commanded to design an urban
plan that would designate sites for public areas, plazas, official
buildings, and a cathedral. These were meant to express the ideals and
relationships of Spanish colonial society. La Plaza de los Españoles,
which is known today as the Plaza Murillo, was chosen as the location
for government buildings as well as the Metropolitan Cathedral.
La Paz with a firm grip and the Spanish king had the
last word in all matters political, but consultation was extended,
taking months or longer by sea. Indigenous and other unrest was
repeated around the turn of the nineteenth century. In 1781, for a
total of six months, a group of
Aymara people laid siege to La Paz.
Under the leadership of
Tupac Katari , they destroyed churches and
government property. Thirty years later Indians conducted a two-month
siege against La Paz. This incident was the setting for the origin of
the legend of the
Ekeko . In 1809 the struggle for independence from
the Spanish rule brought uprisings against the royalist forces. On
July 16, 1809
Pedro Domingo Murillo said that the Bolivian revolution
was igniting a lamp that nobody would be able to turn off. This
uprising formally marked the beginning of the liberation of South
America from Spain. The first open rebellions against the Spanish
Crown took place in
La Paz and the city of
Sucre simultaneously. This
event is known as the Primer Grito Libertario de América .
Pedro Domingo Murillo was hanged at the Plaza de los Españoles that
Bolivia gained independence,
La Paz named this plaza
after him, to commemorate him always. He is remembered as the voice of
revolution across South America.
In 1825, after the decisive victory of the republicans at Ayacucho
over the Spanish army in the course of the Spanish American wars of
independence , the city's full name was changed to
La Paz de Ayacucho
Peace of Ayacucho).
La Paz was made the de facto seat of the national
Sucre remaining the nominal historical as well as
judiciary capital. This change reflected the shift of the Bolivian
economy away from the largely exhausted silver mines of
Potosí to the
exploitation of tin near Oruro , and resulting shifts in the
distribution of economic and political power among various national
Valle de la Luna ("moon valley") The
Located at 16°30′0″S 68°08′0″W / 16.50000°S
68.13333°W / -16.50000; -68.13333 (−16.5, −68.1333), La Paz
is built in a canyon created by the
Choqueyapu River (now mostly built
over), which runs northwest to southeast. The city's main
thoroughfare, which roughly follows the river, changes names over its
length, but the central tree-lined section running through the
downtown core is called the Prado.
The geography of
La Paz (in particular the altitude) is marked by
social differences. The more affluent residents live in the lower,
central areas of the city southwest of the Prado. Many middle-class
residents live in high-rise condos near the center. Lower-income
residents live in makeshift brick houses in the surrounding hills.
The satellite city of El Alto, in which the airport is located, is
spread over a broad area to the west of the canyon, on the Altiplano.
La Paz is renowned for its unique markets, unusual and dramatic
topography, and traditional culture.
La Paz is located in the valleys of the Andes, close to the Eastern
split of the
Altiplano region. It is closer to such notable mountains
Illimani (guardian of La Paz), Huayna Potosi, Mururata, and
Illampu. On the Western side of the
Altiplano divide, about an hour to
the west of the La Paz, is the Sajama Volcano, the tallest mountain in
Bolivia and ninth-tallest mountain in the Andes.
In July 1994, an earthquake rated at 8.2 struck just 200 miles (322
km) north of La Paz. It could be felt near
La Paz and caused damage
throughout the villages of the area.
LA PAZ (ELEVATION 4,058 M)
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
134 14 4
105 14 4
72 14 4
32 14 1
14 14 −2
5.1 14 −4
7.1 14 −4
15 14 −3
36 15 −1
38 15 2
51 17 2
95 16 4
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst
5.3 58 40
4.1 58 40
2.8 58 38
1.2 58 34
0.6 58 29
0.2 57 24
0.3 56 24
0.6 57 27
1.4 60 30
1.5 60 35
2 63 36
3.7 60 38
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
The city in winter, with
Illimani in the background.
At more than 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) above sea level, higher parts
La Paz have an unusual subtropical highland climate (Cwc, according
Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification ), with subpolar oceanic
characteristics (less than 4 months have a mean temperature above 10
°C), bordering on a tundra climate (ET). The whole city has rainy
summers and dry winters. Night-time temperatures range from cold to
very cold. Snow flurries can occur in winter, especially at dawn and
it usually melts before noon. At these high altitudes despite being
located only 16 degrees from the equator, the city's average
temperature is similar to that of cities such as
Faroe Islands , located as far as 60 and 62 degrees from
the equator respectively.
The temperatures in the central La Paz, at 3,600 metres (11,811
feet), and in the
Zona Sur (Southern Zone), at 3,250 m (10,663 ft)
above sea level, are warmer (subtropical highland climate Cwb,
according to the Köppen classification).
Owing to the altitude of the city, temperatures are consistently cool
to mild throughout the year, though the diurnal temperature variation
is typically large. The city has a relatively dry climate, with
rainfall occurring mainly in the slightly warmer months of November to
At 4,012 metres, February and March, the two cloudiest months of the
year, both in late summer, receive a low daily average of around 5
hours of sunshine. Conversely, June and July, the two sunniest months
of the year, both in winter, receive an abundant daily average of
around 8 hours of sunshine.
The seasonally uneven distribution of the year's annual precipitation
often results in destructive mudslides experienced in summer, due to
the excessive amount of precipitation typically observed throughout
the season. At 3,250 metres, the wettest month is January with a
monthly average of 114 mm (4.5 in) and the driest is July with 8 mm
The warmest temperature recorded was 27.0 °C (80.6 °F) and the
coldest was −12.5 °C (9.5 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR LA PAZ, BOLIVIA (EL ALTO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT ,
ELEVATION 4,058 M)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM)
AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE
Deutscher Wetterdienst , Meteo Climat (extremes
Source #2: Climatemps.com (sunshine)
CLIMATE DATA FOR LA PAZ, BOLIVIA (ELEVATION 3,250 M)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
DAILY MEAN °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Source: BBC Weather
DISTRICTS AND NEIGHBORHOODS
La Paz's districts
AREA (km² )
LA PAZ\'S NEIGHBORHOODS
Amor de Dios • Mallasa • Muela del Diablo • Mallasilla •
Carretera principal Rio abajo
Obrajes • Bella Vista • Bolonia • Irpavi •
Cota Cota • Achumani • Ovejuyo • Koani • La Florida •
Seguencoma • San Miguel
San Antonio • Villa Copacabana • Pampahasi • Valle Hermoso
• Kupini • Villa Armonía • Callapa, •San Isidro
Avenida cd del niño
Achachicala • Chuquiaguillo • Villa Fátima • Vino Tinto •5
Santiago de Lacaya • Rosasani
Avenida Grl Juan Jose Torres
Munaypata • La Portada • El Tejar • Gran Poder • Obispo
Indaburu • Chamoco Chico • Munaypata • Pura Pura • Ciudadela
Avenida Naciones Unidas
Casco Urbano Central • San Jorge • Miraflores • Barrio
Gráfico • San Sebastián • Santa Bárbara • Parque Urbano
Avenida Arce • Avenida 16 de Julio
Sopocachi • Alto
Sopocachi • Pasankeri • Tembladerani •
Alpacoma • Belén • Tacagua • San Pedro • Bajo Llojeta
Avenida Buenos Aires
MAIN NEIGHBORHOODS AND ZONES
Buildings in San Jorge, on the 1st District (Cotahuma).
La Paz skyline from the "Via Balcón". The Southern District is
one of the most affluent neighborhoods in La Paz. San Jorge
Located in the district known as Cotahuma and near
Sopocachi , is one
of the main residential and diplomatic areas of the city. San Jorge is
one of the most exclusive neighborhoods of
La Paz and the financial
center of the metropolis, housing international firms like
Bank of America
Bank of America , Ernst has less height than the rest of
La Paz (3,200
to 2,800 meters). This area houses some of the most affluent and
exclusive neighborhoods of the city, like Obrajes, Irpavi,
La Florida and Achumani, among others. It has been benefited from
steady economic growth and is now the second commercial and financial
center of the city, housing international firms like Moody\'s ,
Aon Corporation ,
Millicom International Cellular,
Nissan Motor Corporation ,
Samsung Electronics , Pan American Silver
Corporation , a
Sumitomo Corporation branch, Ernst margin-right:auto;
overflow:hidden; width:auto; max-width:1108px;"> View of La Paz
at sunset, from the "Killi Killi" lookout.
The city of
La Paz has a consistently decreasing volume of colonial
buildings, mostly centered around the vicinity of the Plaza Murillo.
Due to a lack of funds and the inability of property owners to pay for
restorations to colonial buildings, many have been torn down, or are
in a dilapidated state. As historic buildings are more expensive to
keep, land owners find it less of a burden to construct more modern
buildings as opposed to keeping the old ones. Although there has been
an increasing number of projects and propositions to restore some of
the city's colonial buildings, the future of these historic edifices
Sopocachi is the financial center of
La Paz The
headquarters of the Central Bank of
Bolivia in Downtown
The economy of
La Paz has improved greatly in recent years, mainly as
a result of improved political stability. Due to the long period of
high inflation and economic struggle faced by Bolivians in the 1980s
and early 1990s, a large informal economy developed. Evidence of this
is provided by the markets found all around the city. While there are
stable markets, almost every street in the downtown area and
surrounding neighborhoods has at least one vendor on it. La Paz
remains the principal center of manufacturing enterprises that produce
finished-product goods for the country, with about two-thirds of
Bolivia's manufacturing located nearby. Historically, industry in
Bolivia has been dominated by mineral processing and the preparation
of agricultural products. However, in the urban centre of La Paz,
small plants carry out a large portion of the industry. Food, tobacco
products, clothing, various consumer goods, building materials, and
agricultural tools are produced. "The tin quotations from
La Paz with close interest as an index of the country's
prosperity; a third of the national revenue and more than half of the
total customs in 1925 were derived from tin; in short, that humble but
indispensable metal is the hub around which Bolivia's economic life
revolves. The tin deposits of Bolivia, second largest in the world,
... invite development."
La Paz is the home of some of the biggest football teams in Bolivia.
The Strongest : Founded in 1908 the club hosts some of its games
and trains on their home stadium named Rafael Mendoza after Don Rafael
Mendoza, one of the most important presidents of the club. In 1968 an
airplane accident took the life of almost all the players, but Rafael
Mendoza made many efforts that allowed the team to rise again as one
of the most important in the country.
Club Bolivar : Founded in 1925, it was named in honor of the
Simón Bolívar , the team has won most of the tournaments
national and international championships in the last 20 years. In the
year 1964 was a bad year, and it lost the category, playing the next
year in the second category.
Estadio Hernando Siles
La Paz F.C. : Founded in 1989, the club quickly rose through the
ranks to become the third major club in the capital, only behind in
popularity to the two well-established city rivals.
The city is host to several other teams that play in the first and
second divisions such as:
Academia de Balompié Boliviano
* Always Ready
Club 31 de Octubre
Deportivo Municipal de La Paz
Universitario de La Paz
* Unión Maestranza
With the exception of Deportivo Municipal and Unión Maestranza, all
the other teams play the majority of their games in the city stadium,
Estadio Hernando Siles , which also hosts the national football
team and international games. Always Ready frequently play at the
Estadio Rafael Mendoza which belongs to The Strongest, who rarely use
the stadium due to its relatively small capacity.
The city hosts some of the most important universities of the
WORLD RANKING 2012 (CSIC WEBOMETRICS)
LATIN AMERICAN RANKING 2012 (CSIC WEBOMETRICS)
ACADEMIC PRODUCTION(RANKING SCIMAGO LAB)
Universidad Mayor de San Andrés
Universidad Católica Boliviana San Pablo
Universidad Central de
Universidad Privada del Valle
Universidad Privada Boliviana
Escuela Militar de Ingeniería
Universidad Salesiana de
Tiwanaku Square in front of the football stadium
La Paz is an important cultural center of Bolivia. The city hosts
several cathedrals belonging to the colonial times, such as the San
Francisco Cathedral and the Metropolitan Cathedral, this last one
located on Murillo Square, which is also home of the political and
administrative power of the country. Hundreds of different museums can
be found across the city, the most notable ones on Jaén Street, which
street design has been preserved from the Spanish days and is home of
10 different museums.
The home of the Bolivian government is located on Murillo Square and
is known as "Palacio Quemado" (Burnt Palace) as it has been on fire
several times. The palace has been restored many times since, but the
name has remained untouched.
Museums And Cultural Centers
* The former home of
Pedro Domingo Murillo , martyr of the
independence revolution of 1809, has been preserved and is now a
museum. The house displays a collection of furniture, textiles, and
art from colonial times.
* Museo Costumbrista: Displays ceramic dolls wearing traditional
customs that show how was life in the early 19th century. Also on
display are photos of old La Paz.
* Museo Nacional de Arqueología (National Museum of Archeology):
Depicts a collection of artifacts of the
* Museo del Litoral (Museum of the Litoral Coastal Region): Displays
objects from the 1879 war in which
Bolivia lost its sea coast to Chile
* Museo del Oro (Gold Museum): Depicts pre-Conquest works made of
gold, silver and copper.
* Museo de Etnografía y Folklore (Ethnography and Folkolore
Museum): Located in a house built during the late 18th century, it
exhibits customs and art of two ethnic groups: Chipayas and Ayoreos.
* Museo del Charango (Museum of Charango): Located in Calle Linares,
the museum displays an important variety of charangos. Other native
instruments are displayed as well.
* Museo de Historia Natural (Natural History Museum): Exhibits on
Bolivian paleontology, geology, zoology and botanical elements of
* Casa Museo Marina Nuñez del Prado (Marina Nuñez del Prado House
Museum): Displays Quechua and Aymara-theme sculptures by Bolivian
artist Marina Nuñez del Prado.
* Museo Nacional de Arte (National Art Museum): Located in Calle
Comercio, on a former palace built in 1775, displays works by Melchor
Perez de Holguín and Marina Nuñez del Prado, among others.
* Mercado de Brujas (Witches\' Market ): Merchandise sold here
includes herbs, remedies as well as other ingredients used in Aymara
* Feria de Alasitas: This fair is celebrated for two weeks each
year, beginning January 24. The central figure is a little god of
abundance known as
Ekeko , which means dwarf in Aymara .
Museo San Francisco Cultural Center
Churches And Cathedrals
Metropolitan Cathedral San Francisco Church
* Metropolitan Cathedral, built in 1835 and located next to the
Presidential Palace, on Murillo Square;
* San Francisco Church , founded in 1548 and rebuilt 1784.
* Bolivian Presidential Palace , also known as "Burned Palace".
* Parque Urbano Central (Central Urban Park)
Achocalla Festival: Occurs during the first week of
January. The city of
La Paz comes together to celebrate this religious
festival with traditional dances, music, and a parade. In Bolivia’s
Achocalla marks the time when potato fields begin to
bloom. People dance the traditional folklore dance known as
“tarqueada” during the festival.
* January 24:
Alasitas is a yearly fair where people buy miniature
gifts and praise the god of prosperity,
Ekeko . The fair begins every
January 24 and lasts for a month.
* February 2:
Virgen de Copacabana , (Villa Copacabana)
* May 1: San José Obrero (V. Nuevo Potosí)
* May 3: Señor de la Santa Cruz (Calvario, Tacagua, Calacoto)
* May 13: Virgen de Fátima (Villa Fátima)
* May 14: San Isidro, Labrador (San Isidro)
* May 17: Señor de la Sentencia (Villa Armonía)
* May: Jesus, Señor del Gran Poder (movible, Gran Poder) La Fiesta
del Gran Poder occurs according to the Saint’s calendar. Therefore,
it happens on different dates every year. But the festival typically
occurs during late May to early June. This festival pays homage to El
Señor del Gran Poder. During the festival, over 30,000 dancers take
the streets of
La Paz performing dances with themes that represent
both Aymara folktales and Catholic traditions. The dancers wear
colorful homemade costumes. The Parade lasts all day throughout the
* June 13: San Antonio de Padua (San Antonio)
* June 24: San Juan Bautista (Valle Hermoso, San Juan)
* June 29: San Pedro Apóstol (San Pedro)
* July 16: Virgen del Carmen, Patroness of
Bolivia and the Armed
Forces of the Nation Efemerides of La Paz
* July 25: Apóstol
Santiago (Munaypata, Pampahasi, Pasankeri,
Periférica, Alto Delicias)
* August 15: Virgen de Urqupiña (Urkupiña)
* August 15: Virgen de la
Asunción (Villa Victoria)
* September 8: Virgen de las Nieves (V. Copacabana, M. Paredes, La
Portada, Achachicala, Alto Irpavi, Cotahuma, Las Nieves)
* September 8:
Virgen de los Remedios (Miraflores)
* September 14: Señor de la Exaltación (Obrajes, G. de Lima, Bajo
Tejar, Vino Tinto)
* September 24: Virgen de la Merced (Cota Cota)
* October 7: Virgen del Rosario (El Rosario)
* November: Cristo Rey (Pura Pura)
* December 4: Santa Barbara (Santa Bárbara, Llojeta)
* December 8: Virgen de la Concepción (Kupini, Sopocachi, Achumani)
Automobiles and public transportation are still the main means to get
into the city. In March 2012, more than 1.5 million vehicles were
registered. Heavy traffic is common in the city center and traffic
jams occur on peak hours.
The La Paz-
El Alto Highway is a toll road that connects the city of
La Paz with the neighboring city of
El Alto . It is the city's main
highway. It allows easy access to
El Alto International Airport . The
highway runs 11,7 km and crosses the city of El Alto:
* Autopista La Paz-El Alto/RN-3 (La Paz-
El Alto Highway) -
La Paz with El Alto.
La Paz Oruro/A-1 (La Paz-Oruro Highway) - Connects La
Paz with the cities of Oruro ,
Caracollo . It then
connects with Ruta Nacional 1/RN-1 (National Highway 1) heading south
to the cities of
Potosí , Camargo ,
The Southern District, one of La Paz's most affluent and commercial
neighborhoods, is relatively separated from the rest of the city,
including the CBD . The Avenida Costanera and Avenida Kantutani
(Costanera and Kantutani Avenues) connect the southern district with
the rest of the metropolitan area.
El Alto International Airport
El Alto International Airport (IATA code: LPB) is La Paz's national
and international airport and a principal hub for Línea Aérea
Amaszonas and Transporte Aéreo Militar . It also serves as a focus
Boliviana de Aviación
Boliviana de Aviación , Bolivia's flag-carrier and largest
airline. The airport is located in the city of
El Alto and is (13 km)
south-west of La Paz's city center. At an elevation of 4,061 metres
(13,323 feet), it is the highest international airport and fifth
highest commercial airport in the world. The runway has a length of
4,000 metres (2.5 mi). It is one of Bolivia's three main international
gateways, along with
Jorge Wilstermann International Airport and Viru
Viru International Airport .
International carriers serving
El Alto International Airport include
American Airlines ,
LAN Airlines , LAN
Peruvian Airlines and
Sky Airline , which offer direct flights
La Paz to cities such as
Cusco . However, most international traffic, including
Europe , operates out of
Viru Viru International Airport in
Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Santa Cruz de la Sierra which is at a much lower altitude and is
capable of handling larger aircraft.
Airport facilities include ATMs , cafés and restaurants, car
rentals, duty-free shops , and free
Wi-Fi internet. Additionally, the
airport supplies travelers with oxygen for those who suffer from
altitude sickness .
La Paz Bus Station, originally a bus and train station, was built by
the French architect
Gustave Eiffel . It is the main gateway for
inter-city buses with several daily departures to all the main
Bolivian cities, and routes to
Peru . The city is connected
by road with the city of Oruro from where there are routes to Sucre,
Potosí and the south of the country. Another highway branches off
before Oruro to reach
Cochabamba and Santa Cruz . Roads to the west go
to Copacabana and
Tiwanaku , near
Lake Titicaca , and continue to
Peru via the border town of Desaguadero . There are also roads
north to get to
Yungas crossing the
Andes Mountains .
Departures to smaller cities and towns within the department use
informal stations located in Villa Fátima (departures to Los Yungas,
Beni and Pando ), Upper San Pedro (for Apolo ) and near the General
Cemetery (for Copacabana, Lake Titicaca, or via
Desaguadero on the Peruvian border).
CABLE CAR SYSTEM
Red line cable car connecting
La Paz and
El Alto Main article:
A system of urban transit aerial cable cars called Mi Teleférico
("My Cable Car") was opened in 2014. Currently three lines are in
operation, and six more lines are in the planning stage. The initial
three lines were built by the Austrian company Doppelmayr . The first
two lines (Red and Yellow) connect
La Paz with
El Alto .
Cable car system
LA PAZ TRAFFIC ZEBRAS
La Paz traffic zebras
La Paz traffic zebras A traffic zebra or cebrita
in El Prado avenue in
The LA PAZ TRAFFIC ZEBRAS are a team of young people who dress in
full-body zebra costumes with the goal of educating pedestrians and
drivers and helping schoolchildren, the elderly and the disabled to
cross the busy streets of La Paz. The zebra costume was inspired from
the pattern of the zebra crossing . They play an important role in La
Paz as they have become urban educators and have changed the chaotic
face of the vehicular traffic in La Paz.
The program generally employs young people from disadvantaged or
troubled backgrounds who receive a small stipend and health insurance,
given the risky nature of the job, in exchange for working part-time
as cebritas for four hours a day. However, tourists and locals alike
can also dress up as zebras and get a taste of the experience under
Zebra for a Day program.
The cebritas don't have any policing powers like issuing infractions
or making arrests and they have been known to irk the local police as
officers feel that they interrupt with law enforcement, however,
surveys indicate that the zebras' unique and entertaining method of
enforcing laws and spreading public-service messages is well received
and well respected by the citizens.
La Paz traffic zebras
La Paz traffic zebras have received worldwide attention,
appearing on numerous international shows and news articles. In
December 2016, the cebritas won the Guangzhou International Award for
Urban Innovation , recognizing cities with innovative approaches to
improving public life.
COMMUNICATIONS AND MEDIA
* The postal service is run by ECOBOL (National Company) which has
its headquarters in La Paz. There are other companies offering courier
and transport logistics courier nationally and internationally.
* The private telecommunications company Entel is located in the
city and provides telephony, Internet, cell phone , data and voice
services. The telephone cooperative Cotel is responsible for managing
much of their phones and now offers Internet services and cable
television among others.
* Area Code: 2
* Country Code: 591
* The main daily newspapers in circulation are: Página Siete, La
Razon, El Diario, La Prensa, Jornada and El Alteño. Other papers of
local importance are: Extra and Gente. There are also several other
publications and weekly magazines.
* There are 18 television channels with offices in La Paz. Channel 7
is state property. The main ones are: Unitel , ATB
Bolivia , Red Uno ,
Bolivision , Red PAT . Channel 13 is managed by the Universidad Mayor
de San Andres . Two local companies offer cable television service as
Multivision and Cotel TV.
The water supply of
La Paz is threatened by the impact of climate
change through the melting of glaciers. The city receives its drinking
water from three water systems: El Alto, Achachicala and Pampahasi. La
Paz shares the first and largest of these systems with its sister city
El Alto . All three systems are fed by glaciers and rivers in the
Cordillera mountain range. 20-28 % of its water is fed by glaciers,
the remainder coming from rainfall and snowmelt. The glaciers recede
as a result of climate change, initially increasing water availability
during the dry season, but ultimately threatening a substantial
decrease in dry season run-off when they completely disappear. A small
Chacaltaya near El Alto, already disappeared in 2008. The
El Alto system receives its water from the Tuni Dam and two water
channels. These channels divert water that flows from the Zongo
Glacier on the slopes of
Huayna Potosi and from Condoriri North of El
Alto. The 2.9 km long Zongo glacier retreats at a rate of about 18
meters per year. The Tuni and Condoriri glaciers have lost 39% of
their area between 1983 and 2006. According to a study by the
Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), the
El Alto system is the least
resilient against the impact of climate change among the three
systems. The study says that reducing water distribution losses is the
most effective short-term strategy to deal with water scarcity. New
water sources further to the North in the Cordillera include the Khara
Kota and Taypicacha, but they are expensive to develop and their water
supply is also affected by glacier melt.
List of twin towns and sister cities in South America
TWIN TOWNS AND SISTER CITIES
La Paz is part of the
Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities from
October 12, 1982 establishing brotherly relations with the following
* ANDORRA LA VELLA , Andorra
* ARICA , Chile
* ASUNCIóN , Paraguay
* BOGOTá , Colombia
* BUENOS AIRES , Argentina
* CALAMA , Chile
* CARACAS , Venezuela
* CUZCO , Peru
* ENSENADA , Mexico
* GUATEMALA CITY , Guatemala
* HAVANA , Cuba
* LISBON , Portugal
* MADRID ,
* MANAGUA , Nicaragua
* MéRIDA , Venezuela
* MEXICO CITY , Mexico
* MONTEVIDEO , Uruguay
* PANAMA CITY , Panama
* QUITO , Ecuador
* RIO DE JANEIRO , Brazil
* SAN JOSE , Costa Rica
* SAN JUAN , Puerto Rico
* SAN SALVADOR , El Salvador
* SANTIAGO , Chile
* SANTO DOMINGO , Dominican Republic
* SãO PAULO ,
* SUCRE , Bolivia
* TEGUCIGALPA , Honduras
Additionally, agreement was reached by Twin Cities with:
* ANKARA ,
* BOLZANO , Italy
* BONN , Germany
* BUDAPEST , Hungary
* DALIAN , China
* DENVER , United States
* DUBLIN , Ireland
* HANNOVER , Germany
* LONDON , United Kingdom
* MOSCOW , Russia
* REYKJAVíK , Iceland
* SANTA ANA DE CORO , Venezuela
* STOCKHOLM , Sweden
* TEHRAN , Iran
* TAIPEI ,
* TOKYO , Japan
* VADUZ , Liechtenstein
* WASHINGTON D.C. , USA
* ZAGREB , Croatia
* ZARAGOZA , Spain
La Paz is also a member of Merco Ciudades, a group of 180 cities
Mercosur , since 1999.
Alcides Arguedas (1879-1946), writer and philosopher
Yolanda Bedregal (1916-1999), poet and poet, known as Yolanda de
Rodolfo Illanes (1958-2016), lawyer and politician
Carlos Mesa (born 1953), former president of Bolivia
Víctor Montoya (born 1958), writer
Daniel Nuñez del Prado (1840-1891), Secretary of State, freedom
fighter and doctor
Daniel Nunez del Prado 1865
Wilfred von Oven (1912-2008), press officer at the Reich
Propaganda Ministry, Journalist
Verona Pooth born, Feldbusch (born 1968), German presenter and
Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada (born 1930), former president of
Andrés de Santa Cruz (1792-1865), President of
Peru and Bolivia
Luis Adolfo Siles Salinas (1925-2005), lawyer, politician and
former President of Bolivia
Alberto Villalpando (born 1940), composer
Emilio Villanueva (1882-1970), architect
Jaime Escalante (1930-2010), educator known for teaching students
calculus from 1974 to 1991 at Garfield High School, East Los Angeles,
Plaza Murillo with Government and Legislative Palaces in the
Titicaca Lake near
La Paz with the Andes in the background
La Paz view.
La Paz has the highest elevation of any capital city in the world.
El Alto International Airport is the highest international airport
in the world (13,325 feet, or 4061 metres, above mean sea level).
Passengers may notice the drop in pressure when the aircraft doors are
* Water boils in
La Paz at 88 °C (190 °F).
La Paz has the highest certified Olympic stadium.
FIFA issued a
rule forbidding the organization of official matches in stadiums with
an altitude of more than 2,500 meters because players may be at
greater health risk due to decreased oxygen pressure, but excluded La
Paz's Hernando Siles Stadium from that regulation after intense
lobbying by Bolivian authorities.
La Paz central bus station was designed by
Gustave Eiffel ,
the designer of the
Eiffel Tower .
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La Paz Temperatures
La Paz Weather Averages".
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