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The London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) Jubilee Class is a class of steam locomotive designed for main line passenger work. 191 locomotives were built between 1934 and 1936. They were built concurrently with the LMS Stanier Class 5 4-6-0.

History

The last five locomotives of Henry Fowler's Patriot class on order, 5552 to 5557, were built with William Stanier’s taper boiler and so became the first of the Jubilee class. 113 locomotives were ordered straight from the drawing board. They were initially a disappointment; their moderate degree of superheating often left them short of steam. Changes to the blastpipe and chimney dimensions helped to transform them.

On 29 April 1935 no. 5552, the first of the class, permanently swapped identities with no. 5642 which had been named Silver Jubilee on 19 April 1935 in recognition of the Silver Jubilee of King George V on 6 May of that year. This change gave the name to the rest of the class, see LMS Jubilee Class 5552 Silver Jubilee. Earlier on (from summer 1934), they had been known as the "Red Staniers" (because of the crimson livery), to distinguish them from the "Black Staniers" (the LMS Stanier Black Five class).[1]

They are often associated[by whom?] with the Midland Division, i.e. the lines inherited from the former Midland Railway. This is because until the late 1950s, it was rare for any 7P locomotives to work south of Leeds.[citation needed] Until then, Jubilees were the largest express engine normally found on the lines running out of St Pancras or radiating from Derby. They could nevertheless be found on main lines throughout the former LMS system.

The power classification was 5XP, in common with the earlier Patriot class.[2] In January 1951, the classification was revised to 6P; this was revised again to 6P5F in November 1955, but the latter change was not applied to the locomotives' cabsides, which continued to show 6P.[3] The two rebuilt locomotives (nos. 5735/6) were reclassified 6P in July 1943,[4] being revised to 7P in 1951.[5]

Five members of the class were fitted with a double chimney at different times. 5684 Jutland was the first, fitted with a double Kylchap in 1937.[6] The double chimney did improve the power of the locos and also improved the coal consumption. It only carried this fitment for one year. 5742 Connaught was the next, being fitted with a plain double exhaust in 1940 which it carried until 1955.[6] 5553 Canada was also so fitted in 1940 but carried the double chimney for a short time.[6] As part of experiments at Rugby test plant, no. 45722 Defence was fitted with a double chimney from 1956 to 1957.[7] In 1961 a double exhaust was fitted to no. 45596 Bahamas which carried it through withdrawal and into preservation.[8] Two further engines, 5735 Comet and 5736 Phoenix were rebuilt with a 2A taper boiler and double chimney in 1942.[9] They were to have been a prototype for the rebuilding of the entire class but, in the end, the only Jubilees so to be treated. All the Royal Scot class were rebuilt along similar lines as were many of the Fowler Patriot locos.

Construction

Although built over only a three-year period the class had many variations due to improvements being made as they were built. The major differences were:

  • Boilers – 10 variations, mainly affecting the number of tubes. The earlier boilers were domeless but later boilers were domed. There were two sizes of fire grate area depending on whether the firebox throatplate was straight or sloping.
  • Bogies – Approximately 50 of the earlier locomotives were built with ex-Claughton bogies which had a 6’3" wheelbase compared to the later locomotives built with new bogies that had a wheelbase of 6’ 6".
  • Smokebox Saddle – The first 113 locomotives were built with a two piece saddle; the rest had a conventional one piece saddle.
  • Tenders – Four basic patterns were fitted; Fowler 3,500 gall. Fowler high-sided (10 off), Stanier 4,000 gall and Stanier 3,500 gall. These last tenders were difficult to identify, combining the high curved sides of the Stanier tender with the chassis from the earlier type Fowler tender. The easiest way to spot them is by the top row of horizontal rivets, slightly lower than on the 4,000 gall version. However, taking into account rivets, wheelbase, and welds this can be subdivided into a total of eight patterns.

Withdrawal

No.(4)5637 'Windward Isles' was scrapped in 1952 due to accident damage. The remaining locomotives were withdrawn between 1960 and 1967. The first of the standard withdrawal's being (4)5609 'Gilbert and Ellice Islands' in Sept 1960 & the last engine to be withdrawn was No.(4)5562 Alberta from Leeds Holbeck shed (20A) on 4 November 1967.

Table of withdrawals
Year Quantity in
service at
start of year
Number withdrawn Quantity
withdrawn
Locomotive numbers
1952 191 1 1 45637.
1960 190 2 1 45609.
1961 189 5 3 45616/19/30.
1962 186 46 41 45559/66/70/76/82/87/94,
45603/07/15/21/28/36/51/56/62/65/73/77-79/83/86-88/91-93,
45707/11/13/15/18/20/22/24-25/27-29/31.
1963 145 77 31 45555/60/75/91,
45624-25/34/39/44-46/48-50/59/68-69/71/80,
45701-02/06/09/12/14/17/19/30/34/38/40.
1964 114 143 66 45552-54/56-58/61/64/68-69/71-72/77-80/83-85/92/98-99,
45601/05-06/10-14/17-18/20/22-23/31/35/38/40-41/57/63/70/72/74/76/81-82/85/89-90/95-96/99,
45700/03/08/10/16/23/32-33/35-37/41.
1965 48 176 33 45563/67/73/86/88-90/95/97,
45600/02/04/08/26/29/32-33/42/52-53/55/58/61/64/66-67/84/98,
45704-05/21/26/42.
1966 15 183 7 45574/81/96,
45627/43/54/60.
1967 8 191 8 45562/65/93,
45647/75/94/97,
45739.

Accidents and incidents

  • On 21 January 1938, locomotive No. 5568 Western Australia was hauling an express passenger train which was in a head-on collision with an empty stock train at Oakley Junction due to a combination of driver and signalman's errors. Three people were killed and 46 were injured.[10]
  • On 11 October 1943 locomotive 5581 Bihar and Orissa hauling the Leeds - Edinburgh express collided with a freight train being shunted into sidings at Steeton, West Yorkshire. No one was killed but four people were injured.[11][12]
  • On 18 May 1948, locomotives 5609 Gilbert and Ellice Islands (train loco) and 5605 Cyprus (pilot), hauling the 11:45 am down (St Pancras to Bradford) express were derailed, along with 8 coaches of a 12-coach train on a 30 ft high embankment near Wath Road Junction, Rotherham, South Yorkshire. The cause was track distortion in hot weather. Poor track maintenance was a contributing factor. 8 people died and 56 were injured.[13] Both locos were recovered to Derby works[14] and returned to traffic following repairs.
  • On 8 October 1952, an express passenger train overran signals and crashed into the rear of a local train at Harrow and Wealdstone station, Middlesex. Locomotive No. 45637 Windward Islands was one of two locomotives hauling an express passenger train which crashed into the wreckage. A total of 112 people were killed and 340 were injured. The locomotive was consequently scrapped due to damage sustained.
  • On 16 August 1953, locomotive No. 45699 Galatea was hauling a passenger train which became divided and was derailed at Kingsbury, Warwickshire due to a combination of defects on the locomotive and the condition of the track.[15]
  • On 20 July 1959, locomotive No. 45730 Ocean overran a signal and consequently crashed into Dock Junction Signal Box, London. Trains had to be handsignalled into and out of St Pancras station for several days afterwards.[16]

Details

Preservation

Four Jubilees have been preserved with two of them 45593 and 45596 being purchased directly from BR for preservation, the other two being rescued from Barry Scrapyard. All four members of the class have operated in preservation and all have operated on the main line. Presently two members of the class 45690 Leander and 45699 Galatea are operational on the main line.

45596 Bahamas has been undergoing an overhaul at Tyseley Loco Works since 2013 and is being done to full Network Rail standards and following its steam test in December 2017 is expected to return to service in early 2018 with a main line debut to follow after running in is completed. 45593 Kolhapur meanwhile is stored inside the shed at Tyseley Loco Works awaiting its turn in the overhaul queue.

A large number of parts were taken from sister engine 5562 Alberta before she was scrapped and most parts exist on preserved sister engine Galatea.

Number Name Builder Built Withdrawn Service Life Location Owners Livery Condition Mainline Certified Photograph Notes
LMS BR
5593 45593 Kolhapur North British Locomotive Company Dec. 1934 Oct. 1967 32 Years, 10 months Tyseley Locomotive Works Tyseley Locomotive Works LMS Crimson Lake Static display, awaiting overhaul. No 5593 Kolhapur standing at Windsor Road.jpg
5596 45596 Bahamas North British Locomotive Company Jan. 1935 Jul. 1966 31 Years, 6 months Tyseley Locomotive Works Bahamas Locomotive Society N/A (will be BR Green) Undergoing overhaul to mainline standards. Boiler ticket expires: 2027 No (to be certified) 45596 Bahamas outside the Steamport Museum.jpg Only preserved Jubilee fitted with double chimney, planned completion in late 2017.
5690 45690 Leander Crewe Works Mar. 1936 Mar. 1964 28 Years West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth Chris Beet BR Black, Early Emblem Returned to service in 2014 following completion of an overhaul. Mainline Certified and boiler ticket expires: 2024. Yes (2014 - 2021) LMS 45690 Leander at Barrow Hill Roundhouse.JPG Black nameplate on fireman's side and red nameplate on driver's side.
5699 45699 Galatea Crewe Works Apr. 1936 Nov. 1964 28 Years, 7 months West Coast Railway Company, Carnforth David Smith BR Crimson, Late Crest Returned to service in 2013 following restoration from scrapyard condition. Mainline Certified and boiler ticket expires: 2023. Yes (2013 - 2020) LMS 45699 Galatea at Carlisle.JPG Wearing unauthentic BR Crimson lake

Gallery

Sound
info
help
5690 Leander at Boar's Head

Preservation photos

Notes

  1. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 23.
  2. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 5.
  3. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 38.
  4. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 46.
  5. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 47.
  6. ^ a b c Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 31.
  7. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, pp. 38–40.
  8. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, pp. 38, 40.
  9. ^ Rowledge & Reed 1984, p. 45.
  10. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1989). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 5. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 26. ISBN 0-906899-35-4. 
  11. ^ Railways in the Northern Dales -1. The Skipton & Ilkley Line. Wyvern. p. 24. ISBN 0-907941-25-7. 
  12. ^ "Official photo from the Leeds Press Agency, 8 Oxford Row, Leeds 1". Leeds Press Agency. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  13. ^ http://www.railwaysarchive.co.uk/docsummary.php?docID=735
  14. ^ Binns, Donald. Locomotive Classics 1 LMS Jubilee 4-6-0. Wyvern Publications. p. 30 top photo. ISBN 0907941273. 
  15. ^ Earnshaw, Alan (1990). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 6. Penryn: Atlantic Books. p. 31. ISBN 0-906899-37-0. 
  16. ^ Trevena, Arthur (1981). Trains in Trouble: Vol. 2. Redruth: Atlantic Books. p. 42. ISBN 0-906899 03 6. 

References

External links