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Kugyō
Kugyō
(公卿) is the collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan
Emperor of Japan
in pre-Meiji eras. The kugyō was broadly divided into two groups: the Kō (公), comprising the Chancellor of the Realm, the Minister of the Left, and the Minister of the Right; and the Kei (卿), comprising the Major Counsellor, the Middle Counsellor, the Court Councillor (参議, Sangi), and members of the Japanese court of the third rank or higher. As part of the Meiji reforms, a single aristocratic class, the kazoku, was created in 1869 by merging the kuge (the court nobility in Kyoto, of which the kugyō was a part) and the daimyōs (the feudal land holders and warriors). In the 1870s, the organizational structure of the court itself was also modernized. In the period after the Second World War, the kazoku was abolished, as a part of post-war Japanese reforms. The remaining political powers of the Emperor were transferred to the constitutional government of Japan, and the responsibility for state matters concerning the Emperor and the Imperial family was consolidated entirely into the Imperial Household Agency. References[edit]

Daijirin, 2nd edition Daijisen, 1st edition Kōjien, 6th edition

See also[edit]

Daijō-kan Imperial Household Agency Kōkyū Kuge Sesshō and Kampaku

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