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Kowloon
Kowloon
(/ˌkaʊˈluːn/; Chinese: 九龍; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: Gáulùhng) is an urban area in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
comprising the Kowloon Peninsula
Kowloon Peninsula
and New Kowloon. It is bordered by the Lei Yue Mun
Lei Yue Mun
strait to the east, Mei Foo Sun Chuen and Stonecutter's Island to the west, a mountain range, including Tate's Cairn
Tate's Cairn
and Lion Rock
Lion Rock
to the north, and Victoria Harbour to the south. With a population of 2,019,533 (2 million) and a population density of 43,033/km2 in 2006, it is the most populous urban area in Hong Kong. The peninsula's area is approximately 47 km2 (18 sq mi).

Contents

1 History 2 Demographics 3 Localities

3.1 Administration 3.2 Politics

4 Education

4.1 Tertiary education 4.2 Secondary Education 4.3 Primary Education

5 Gallery 6 References 7 External links

History[edit]

Kowloon
Kowloon
c. 1868, depicting the Qing-era Kowloon Walled City
Kowloon Walled City
and Lion Rock (in the background)

Map of Kowloon
Kowloon
in 1915

Hong Kong's old airport, Kai Tak, was located in Kowloon.

The name Kowloon
Kowloon
stems from the term Nine Dragons, alluding to eight mountains and a Chinese emperor: Kowloon
Kowloon
Peak, Tung Shan, Tate's Cairn, Temple Hill, Unicorn Ridge, Lion Rock, Beacon Hill, Crow's Nest and Emperor Bing of Song.[1] The part of Kowloon
Kowloon
south of Boundary Street, together with Stonecutters Island, was ceded by Qing
Qing
China to the United Kingdom under the Convention of Peking
Convention of Peking
of 1860. For many years the area remained largely undeveloped, used by the British mainly for tiger-hunting expeditions.[2] The part of Kowloon
Kowloon
north of Boundary Street
Boundary Street
(New Kowloon) was leased by the British as part of the New Territories
New Territories
under the 1898 Second Convention of Peking
Convention of Peking
for 99 years. Within New Kowloon is Kowloon
Kowloon
City, an area of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
where the Kowloon Walled City
Kowloon Walled City
used to be located. The Kowloon
Kowloon
Walled City itself was demolished in 1993. The same area was called Guanfuchang (官富場) during the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(960–1279). "New Kowloon" has remained part of the New Territories. Statutorily, "Kowloon" is only the area south of Boundary Street
Boundary Street
and Stonecutters Island, but in common use, New Kowloon is not regarded as part of the New Territories
New Territories
but as an integral part of the Kowloon urban area whether north or south of Boundary Street. Large-scale development of Kowloon
Kowloon
began in the early-20th century, with the construction of the Kowloon-Canton Railway and the Kowloon Wharf, but because of Kowloon's close proximity to Kai Tak
Kai Tak
Airport, building construction was limited by flight paths. As a result, compared to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island, Kowloon
Kowloon
has a much lower skyline.[1] After World War II, Kowloon
Kowloon
became extremely congested when slums for refugees from the newly established China gave way to public housing estates, mixed with private residential, commercial and industrial areas. The area of reclaimed land known as West Kowloon
West Kowloon
was once home to a dockyard for the Royal Navy. A 13-foot high stone wall was built in 1847 around Kowloon. The 1911 census recorded a population of 7,306, with most being Hakka.[3] The invasion of China by Japan in 1937 caused the population of Kowloon
Kowloon
to explode. Between 1937 and 1939, 750,000 refugees arrived in Kowloon and nearby areas, with many being homeless.[4] Demographics[edit] As of 2011[update], 2,108,419 people lived in Kowloon.[5] 94.2% of Kowloon's residents are of Cantonese
Cantonese
ethnicity. The largest ethnic minority groups are Indonesians (1.8%), Filipinos (1.5%), Indians (0.5%), Nepalese (0.4%), and Whites (0.3%). [5] 86% of Kowloon's residents use Cantonese
Cantonese
as their usual language, while 2.3% use English and 1.2% use Mandarin.[5] Localities[edit] Kowloon
Kowloon
comprises the following localities of Hong Kong:

Tsim Sha Tsui Kwun Chung Yau Ma Tei Mong Kok Prince Edward West Kowloon Tai Kok Tsui Sham Shui Po Cheung Sha Wan Lai Chi Kok Shek Kip Mei Kowloon
Kowloon
Tong Kowloon
Kowloon
City Kai Tak To Kwa Wan Ma Tau Wai Hung Hom Ho Man Tin Wong Tai Sin San Po Kong Hammer Hill Ngau Chi Wan Tsz Wan Shan Diamond Hill Kowloon
Kowloon
Bay Ngau Tau Kok Kwun Tong Sau Mau Ping Lam Tin Yau Tong Tiu Keng Leng Cha Kwo Ling Lei Yue Mun

Administration[edit] Kowloon
Kowloon
comprises the following districts:

Kowloon
Kowloon
City Kwun Tong Sham Shui Po Wong Tai Sin Yau Tsim Mong

Politics[edit] Kowloon
Kowloon
covers two geographical constituencies for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong:

Kowloon
Kowloon
East includes Wong Tai Sin
Wong Tai Sin
and Kwun Tong. Kowloon
Kowloon
West includes Yau Tsim Mong, Sham Shui Po
Sham Shui Po
and Kowloon
Kowloon
City.

Education[edit]

The Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Polytechnic University in Hung Hom

King George V School, Homantin

Tertiary education[edit]

City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Polytechnic University Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Baptist University Open University of Hong Kong Tung Wah College Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Nang Yan College of Higher Education Gratia Christian College

Secondary Education[edit]

The Church of Christ in China Ming Yin College

Primary Education[edit] Gallery[edit]

Skyscrapers in front of a former quarry in Kowloon
Kowloon
Bay, East Kowloon

Centenary Garden Fountain, Tsim Sha Tsui

Maze Garden, Kowloon
Kowloon
Park, Tsim Sha Tsui

High-rise buildings near Lai Chi Kok, in northwest Kowloon

CBD of Kwun Tong. Constructed as part of an Urban renewal
Urban renewal
programme.

West Kowloon
West Kowloon
at dusk as viewed from Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island

Yau Ma Tei
Yau Ma Tei
Police Station at Public Square Street

Star Ferry Pier, with the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Cultural Centre and Tsim Sha Tsui Clock Tower in the background.

Kowloon
Kowloon
Masjid

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
portal

References[edit]

^ a b Fallon, Steve. (2006) Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau. Lonely Planet Publishing. ISBN 981-258-246-0 ^ 10,000 Chinese Numbers. Lulu.com. p. 207. ISBN 9780557006212.  ^ James Hayes, The Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Region 1850-1911. Hong Kong, 2012. ^ http://www.yearbook.gov.hk/2003/english/chapter21/21_05.html ^ a b c District Profiles, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Census, 2011, retrieved 27 September 2013 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Kowloon.

Media related to Kowloon
Kowloon
at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Kowloon
Kowloon
West at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

Districts of Hong Kong

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island

Central and Western Eastern Southern Wan Chai

Kowloon
Kowloon
and New Kowloon

Kowloon
Kowloon
City Kwun Tong Sham Shui Po Wong Tai Sin Yau Tsim Mong

New Territories
New Territories
(excluding New Kowloon)

Islands Kwai Tsing North Sai Kung Sha Tin Tai Po Tsuen Wan Tuen Mun Yuen Long

Coordinates: 22°19′N 114°11′E / 22.317°N 114.183°E / 22.317; 114.183

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 254173439 GND: 42603

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