The Info List - Kibibyte

The kibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for quantities of digital information. The binary prefix kibi means 210, or 1024; therefore, 1 kibibyte is 1024 bytes. The unit symbol for the kibibyte is KiB.[1] The unit was established by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in 1998,[2] has been accepted for use by all major standards organizations, and is part of the International System of Quantities.[3] The kibibyte was designed to replace the kilobyte in those computer science contexts in which the term kilobyte is used to mean 1024 bytes. The interpretation of kilobyte to denote 1024 bytes, conflicting with the SI definition of the prefix kilo (1000), is still common.[citation needed] One thousand twenty-four kibibytes (1024 KiB) is equal to one mebibyte (1 MiB).


1 Definition 2 History 3 See also 4 References


1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1024 bytes.

The prefix kibi is derived as a portmanteau of the words kilo and binary, indicating its origin in the closeness in value to the SI prefix kilo (1000). While the SI prefix
SI prefix
is written with lowercase (k), all IEC binary prefixes start with an uppercase letter.[4] One byte is defined by IEC/80000-13 as 8 bits (1 B = 8 bit). Therefore, 1 KiB = 8192 bit. History[edit] The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte. The latter term is often used in some contexts as a synonym for kibibyte, but formally refers to 103 bytes = 1000 bytes, as the prefix kilo is defined in the International System of Units. The binary interpretation of the metric prefixes causes relatively small differences with the smallest prefixes in the series, i.e. for kilo and mega, but grows to substantial differences beyond. Donald Knuth
Donald Knuth
proposed to call this unit a large kilobyte (KKB).[5] Other early proposals included using the Greek lowercase letter κ (kappa) for 1024 bytes (and using k exclusively for 1000), bK, KB, and others.[citation needed] IEC binary prefixes are increasingly used, especially in scientific literature and open source software.[citation needed] In product advertising and other non-scientific publications, "kilobyte" sometimes refers to a power of ten and sometimes a power of two.[6][7][8] See also[edit]

IEC 80000-13 IEEE 1541 Timeline of binary prefixes


^ International Electrotechnical Commission
International Electrotechnical Commission
(2007). "Prefixes for binary multiples". Retrieved 2014-01-09.  ^ International Electrotechnical Commission
International Electrotechnical Commission
(January 1999), IEC 60027-2 Amendment 2: Letter symbols to be used in electrical technology - Part 2: Telecommunications and electronics ^ "IEC 80000-13:2008". International Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2013-07-21.  ^ National Institute of Standards and Technology. "Prefixes for binary multiples". Retrieved 2015-10-09.  ^ "What is a kilobyte?". Retrieved 2010-05-20.  ^ "Safier vs WDC complaint". WesternDigital.com. Archived from the original on October 16, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-15.  ^ Grainger, Brian (7 August 2005). "I've got a bigger gigabyte than you!". Independent Computer Products Users Group (ICPUG). Retrieved 2007-11-15.  ^ Barry Wittman; Aditya Mathur; Tim Korb (30 December 2012). Start Concurrent: An Introduction to Problem Solving in Java with a Focus on Concurrency, 2013 Edition. Purdue University Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-55753-672-3. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 

v t e

Units of information

Base unit


Platform-dependent units

nibble byte syllable parcel word

Platform-independent units

unibit (1) dibit (2) tribit (3) quadbit (4)

quartet (4) sextet (6) octet (8) hextet (16)

declet (10) doublet (16) quadlet (32) octlet (64) hexlet (128)

triad (3) tetrad (4) pentad (5) hexad (6) heptad (7) octad (8)

slab (12) catena (24)

Traditional bit units

kilobit megabit gigabit terabit petabit exabit zettabit yottabit

Traditional byte units

kilobyte megabyte gigabyte terabyte petabyte exabyte zettabyte yottabyte

IEC bit units

kibibit mebibit gibibit tebibit pebibit exbibit zebibit yobibit

IEC byte units

kibibyte mebibyte gibibyte tebibyte pebibyte exbibyte zebib