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Keynsham
Keynsham
(/ˈkeɪnʃəm/ KAYN-shəm) is a town and civil parish between Bristol
Bristol
and Bath in Somerset, south-west England. It has a population of 16,000.[1] It was listed in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as Cainesham, which is believed to mean the home of Saint Keyne. The site of the town has been occupied since prehistoric times, and may have been the site of the Roman settlement of Trajectus. The remains of at least two Roman villas have been excavated, and an additional 15 Roman buildings have been detected beneath the Keynsham Hams. Keynsham
Keynsham
developed into a medieval market town after Keynsham Abbey was founded around 1170. It is situated at the confluence of the River Chew
River Chew
and River Avon and was subject to serious flooding before the creation of Chew Valley Lake
Chew Valley Lake
and river level controls at Keynsham Lock in 1727. The Chew Stoke flood of 1968
Chew Stoke flood of 1968
inundated large parts of the town. It was home to the Cadbury's chocolate factory, Somerdale, which opened in 1935 as a major employer in the town. It is home to Memorial Park, which is used for the annual town festival and several nature reserves. The town is served by Keynsham railway station on the London- Bristol
Bristol
and Bristol-Southampton trunk routes and is close to the A4 road which bypassed the town in 1964. There are schools, religious, sporting, and cultural clubs and venues.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Roman Trajectus 1.2 Medieval Keynsham 1.3 Modern history 1.4 Post World War II 1.5 2010s regeneration

2 Governance 3 Geography 4 Demography 5 Economy 6 Culture 7 Transport 8 Education 9 Religious sites 10 Sport 11 Notable residents 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Roman Trajectus[edit] Evidence of occupation dates back to prehistoric times, and during the Roman period, Keynsham
Keynsham
may have been the site of the Roman settlement of Trajectus, which is the Latin word for "bridgehead."[2] It is believed that a settlement around a Roman ford over the River Avon existed somewhere in the vicinity, and the numerous Roman ruins discovered in Keynsham
Keynsham
make it a likely candidate for this lost settlement.

Keynsham
Keynsham
Cemetery at Durley Hill, which is built over the remains of the grand Roman villa

In 1877 during construction of the Durley Hill Cemetery, the remains of a grand Roman villa with over 30 rooms was discovered.[3][4] However, construction of the cemetery went ahead, and the majority of the villa is now located beneath the Victorian cemetery and an adjacent road. The cemetery was expanded in 1922, and an archeological dig was carried out ahead of the interments, leading to the excavation of 17 rooms and the rescue of 10 elaborate mosaics.[3] At the same time as the grand Roman villa was being excavated at Durley Hill Cemetery, a second smaller villa was discovered during the construction of Fry's Somerdale Chocolate Factory.[3] Two fine stone coffins were found, interred with the remains of a man and a woman. The villa and coffins were removed to a place near the gates of the factory grounds, and construction on the factory went ahead. Fry's built in the grounds of the factory a museum which for many years housed the Durley Hill mosaics, the coffins, and numerous other artefacts.[4] In 2012, Taylor Wimpey, about to develop the factory site, made a detailed geophysical assessment of the area, and discovered an additional 15 Roman buildings centered around a Roman road beneath Keynsham
Keynsham
Hams, with evidence of additional Roman buildings that had been disturbed by quarrying.[2][4] Medieval Keynsham[edit] According to legend, Saint Keyne, daughter of King Brychan
Brychan
of Brycheiniog
Brycheiniog
(Brecon),[5] lived here on the banks of the River Avon during the 5th century. Before settling here, she had been warned by the local King that the marshy area was swarming with snakes, which prevented habitation. St Keyne prayed to the heavens and turned the snakes to stone.[6] The fossil ammonites found in the area were believed to be the result.[7] However, there is no evidence that her cult was ever celebrated in Keynsham. Some scattered archeological evidence suggests that an Anglo-Saxon settlement existed in Keynsham
Keynsham
in the High Street area, and that in the 9th century a Minster church
Minster church
existed in Keynsham
Keynsham
as well.[8] The earliest documentary reference to Keynsham
Keynsham
is in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, (c. 980) which refers to it as Cægineshamme, Old English for 'Cæga's Hamm.'[8] The town is also listed in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086 as "Cainesham." It has therefore been suggested that the origin of Keynsham's name is not, in fact Saint Keyne, but from "Ceagin (Caega)."[9] Around 1170, Keynsham Abbey
Keynsham Abbey
was founded by the Victorine congregation of canon regulars. Archeological evidence suggests that the abbey was built over the site of the previous Saxon Minster church.[8] The settlement developed into a medieval market town, and the abbey of Keynsham
Keynsham
was given ownership of the Keynsham
Keynsham
Hundred.[10] The Abbey survived until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539, and a house was subsequently built on the site. The remains have been designated as a Grade I listed building by English Heritage.[11] Modern history[edit] Keynsham
Keynsham
played a part in the Civil War as the Roundheads
Roundheads
saved the town and also camped there for the night, using the pub now known as the Lock Keeper Inn as a guard post.[12] During the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 the town was the site of a battle between royalist forces and the rebel Duke of Monmouth.[12] Bridges Almshouses
Bridges Almshouses
were built around 1685 and may have been for the widows of those killed in the rebellion.[13] Post World War II[edit]

1960s Keynsham
Keynsham
Clock Tower, removed in 2010s regeneration

Before the creation of Chew Valley Lake
Chew Valley Lake
and river level controls at Keynsham Lock
Keynsham Lock
and weir, Keynsham
Keynsham
was prone to flooding. The Great Flood of 1968 inundated large parts of the town, destroying the town's bridges including the county bridge over the Avon which had stood since medieval times, and private premises on Dapps Hill; the devastation was viewed by the Duke of Edinburgh.[14] After the flood the Memorial Park, which had been laid out after World War II
World War II
was extended.[15] Keynsham
Keynsham
rose to fame during the late 1950s and early 1960s when it featured in a long-running series of advertisements on Radio Luxembourg for Horace Batchelor's Infra-draw betting system.[16] To obtain the system, listeners had to write to Batchelor's Keynsham
Keynsham
post office box, and Keynsham
Keynsham
was always painstakingly spelled out on-air, with Batchelor famously intoning "Keynsham – spelt K-E-Y-N-S-H-A-M – Keynsham, Bristol". This was done because the proper pronunciation of Keynsham – "Cane-sham" – does not make the spelling of Keynsham
Keynsham
immediately obvious to the radio listener.[17] Since the 1950s Keynsham
Keynsham
has become a dormitory town for Bristol
Bristol
and Bath. The High Street shopping area has been remodelled, and a Town Hall, Library, and Clock Tower were built in the mid-1960s.[18][19] 2010s regeneration[edit] Design work for regeneration of the town hall area was awarded by Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
Council to Aedas
Aedas
in 2010,[20] with the works cost stated in 2011 to be £33 million[21] (£34 million in 2012).[22] Realisation of the plans is hoped to "attract new business and jobs", in the aftermath of the announcement of the Cadbury Somerdale Factory closure.[20] In January 2012, it was announced that the Willmott Dixon
Willmott Dixon
Group had been appointed as contractor on the scheme.[23][24] The Council's planning committee in August 2012 deferred the approval decision, pending alterations to the external appearance of the building.[25][26] These were approved in October 2012,[27][28] with demolition commencing in the same month.[29][30][31] The regenerated Civic Centre area came back into use in late 2014 and early 2015.[32] Governance[edit]

Council Offices

The town council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The town council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The town council's role includes projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Playing fields and playgrounds are provided in Memorial Park, Downfield, Kelston Road, Teviot Road, Holmoak Road and Manor Road with basketball facilities at Teviot Road and Holmoak Road and a BMX
BMX
track at Keynsham
Keynsham
Road. The Keynsham
Keynsham
town council is also responsible for the football pitches and pavilion at Manor Road and the floodlit Multi Sport Site in Memorial Park. It also provides support for community groups organising music and cultural events.[33] Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council. The town council was formed in 1991 and consists of 15 members elected every four years.[34] There are 2 Labour and 13 Conservative.[35] Keynsham
Keynsham
has one official twin town: Libourne
Libourne
in France.[36]

Keynsham
Keynsham
Fire Station

From 1974 to 1996, Keynsham
Keynsham
was administered as part of the short-lived county of Avon; it has since formed part of the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset, in the ceremonial county of Somerset. Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
which was created in 1996, was established by the Local Government Act 1992. The town is divided into Keynhsam North, which has five Conservative councillors, Keynsham South which is represented by three Conservative and two Labour councillors, and Keynsham
Keynsham
East, which has the remaining 5 councillors, all of whom are Conservatives.[37] Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset
Somerset
Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service. Bath and North East Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset
Somerset
but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in Bath, but many departments are headquartered in Keynsham. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Wansdyke district and the City of Bath of the county of Avon.[38] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Keynsham
Keynsham
Urban District.[39] The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
as part of the North East Somerset
Somerset
constituency, which is a county constituency created by the Boundary Commission for England
England
as the successor seat to the Wansdyke Parliamentary Seat. It came into being at the 2010 general election, and is represented by the Conservative Jacob Rees-Mogg. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England
South West England
constituency of the European Parliament
European Parliament
which elects six MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation. Geography[edit]

The Lock Keeper pub on the River Avon

Keynsham
Keynsham
is located where the River Chew
River Chew
meets the River Avon. Fishing rights for the Millground and Chewton sections of the Chew are owned by Keynsham
Keynsham
Angling Club. The Mill Ground stretch of the River Chew consists of the six fields on the western bank from Chewton Place at Chewton Keynsham
Chewton Keynsham
to the Albert Mill. The water is home to Chub, Roach, European perch
European perch
and Rudd, along with good numbers of Gudgeon, Dace and Trout.[40] Keynsham Lock
Keynsham Lock
on the Avon opened in 1727.[41] Just above the lock are some visitor moorings and a pub, on an island between the lock and the weir. The weir side of the island is also the mouth of the River Chew. Memorial Park, the northern part of which has existed as parkland since the 19th century,[42] as shown by the ordnance Survey maps of 1864 and 1867,[43] was formally laid out after World War II
World War II
was extended after the floods of 1968.[15] It covers 10.7 hectares (26 acres) of woodland and grass alongside the River Chew. It commemorates the war dead of Keynsham
Keynsham
and includes facilities including two children's play areas, a skateboard park, multi-sport area, bowling green, public toilets, a bandstand and refreshment kiosk. The formal gardens within the park are adjacent to the River Chew
River Chew
with the Dapps Hill Woods at its western end.[42] Part of the park is known locally as Chew Park because of its proximity to the River and another area, close to Keynsham Abbey
Keynsham Abbey
as Abbey Park.[44] The park received the Green Flag Award in 2008/09, and again for 2009/10.[44]

Albert Mill[45] on the River Chew

On the outskirts of Keynsham
Keynsham
lies Keynsham
Keynsham
Humpy Tumps, one of the most floristically rich acidic grassland sites within the Avon area. The site is on a south-facing slope running alongside the Bristol
Bristol
to Bath railway line. It consists of open patches of grassland and bare rock, interspersed with blocks of scrub. It is the only site in Avon at which Upright Chickweed
Upright Chickweed
Moenchia erecta, occurs. Other locally notable plant species found here include Annual Knawel Scleranthus annuus, Sand Spurrey
Sand Spurrey
Spergularia rubra, Subterranean Clover
Subterranean Clover
Trifolium subterraneus and Prickly Sedge Carex muricata ssp. lamprocarpa.[46] The site does not have any statutory conservation status, and is not managed for its biodiversity interest. Threats to its ecological value include the encroachment of scrub onto the grassland areas, and damage from motorcycle scrambling. Between Keynsham
Keynsham
and Saltford, a 15 hectares (37 acres) area of green belt has been planted, with over 19,000 trees,[47] as the Manor Road Community Woodland, which has been designated as a Nature Reserve.[48] Nearby is the Avon Valley Country Park tourist attraction. Along with the rest of South West England, Keynsham
Keynsham
has a temperate climate which is generally wetter and milder than the rest of England. The annual mean temperature is about 10 °C (50 °F) with seasonal and diurnal variations, but due to the modifying effect of the sea, the range is less than in most other parts of the United Kingdom. January is the coldest month with mean minimum temperatures between 1 °C (34 °F) and 2 °C (36 °F). July and August are the warmest months in the region with mean daily maxima around 21 °C (70 °F). In general, December is the dullest month and June the sunniest. The south west of England
England
enjoys a favoured location, particularly in summer, when the Azores High extends its influence north-eastwards towards the UK.[49] Cloud
Cloud
often forms inland, especially near hills, and reduces exposure to sunshine. The average annual sunshine totals around 1600 hours. Rainfall tends to be associated with Atlantic
Atlantic
depressions or with convection. In summer, convection caused by solar surface heating sometimes forms shower clouds and a large proportion of the annual precipitation falls from showers and thunderstorms at this time of year. Average rainfall is around 800–900 mm (31–35 in). About 8–15 days of snowfall is typical. November to March have the highest mean wind speeds, with June to August having the lightest. The predominant wind direction is from the south west.[49] Demography[edit]

Keynsham
Keynsham
Health Centre

In the 2001 census Keynsham
Keynsham
had a population of 15,533,[1] in 6,545 households, of which 6,480 described themselves as White.[50] Keynsham East Ward had a population of 5,479,[51] Keynsham
Keynsham
North 5,035[52] and Keynsham
Keynsham
South 5,019.[53] In each of the wards between 75 and 80% of the population described themselves as Christians, and around 15% said that they had no religion. In 1881 the population of the civil parish was 2,482. This grew gradually until 1931 when there were 4,521, before there was a steeper rise to 1951 when there were 8,277. Over the next ten years this nearly doubled to 15,152 in 1961.[54] Economy[edit]

The Somerdale Factory
Somerdale Factory
from front lawns

An important industry in the town was Cadbury's chocolate factory, the Somerdale Factory. The J. S. Fry & Sons business merged with Cadbury in 1919, and moved their factory in the centre of Bristol
Bristol
to Keynsham
Keynsham
in 1935.[55] As Quakers, Cadbury's built the factory on a 228-acre (0.92 km2) greenfield site with social facilities, including playing fields and recreational sports grounds. Called Somerdale after a national competition in 1923, Keynsham
Keynsham
Cadbury was the home of Fry's Chocolate Cream, the Double Decker, Dairy Milk
Dairy Milk
and Mini Eggs, Cadbury's Fudge, Chomp and Crunchie.[56] On 3 October 2007, Cadbury announced plans to close the Somerdale plant by 2010 with the loss of some 500 jobs. Production was to be moved to factories in Birmingham
Birmingham
and Poland, and in the longer term it was expected that the site would be redeveloped for housing. Labour MP for Wansdyke, Dan Norris, said "news of the factory's closure is a hard and heavy blow, not just to the workforce, but to the Keynsham community as a whole".[57] By late 2007 campaigns to save the Cadbury's factory in Somerdale were in full swing, and one local resident started a campaign to urge English Heritage
English Heritage
to protect the site and preserve the history of the factory. In 2009 the US corporation Kraft made a takeover bid for Cadbury Schweppes. Cadbury's were seen as iconic of British manufacturing industry, and the bid became a cause célèbre of national interest. To sweeten their case before the Monopolies Commission, Kraft made a pledge to keep the Cadbury factory at Somerdale open if they were successful in their bid for the company; and their bid was duly successful[58]. However, within a week of completing their purchase of Cadbury, Kraft CEO Irene Rosenfeld released a statement announcing that Kraft were to close the factory by 2011, as originally planned by Cadbury. The stated reason for this was that it was only after the purchase had been made that Kraft realised how advanced Cadbury's plans were[59], but industry experts questioned this, arguing that Kraft invested so much in researching their bid for Cadbury that they should have been aware of the extent to which plans had been advanced.[60] Culture[edit] In 1969 the town was featured as the title of the fourth album Keynsham
Keynsham
by the Bonzo Dog Band. The title was chosen in honour of Horace Batchelor, who had been referenced in previous Bonzo Dog Band recordings.[16] In the early 1960s, Batchelor became known through his regular advertisements on Radio Luxembourg for his football pools prediction service. When giving his contact address, he would slowly spell out 'Keynsham' letter by letter, and this became an amusing feature for many young listeners. Keynsham
Keynsham
Festival, which started in the late 1990s,[61] takes place in the Memorial Park each July,[62] and attracts around 16,000 people.[63] There is also a Victorian evening held in the town each November.[64] Keynsham
Keynsham
and Saltford
Saltford
local history society was formed in 1965 and is concerned with researching and recording the history of the area.[65] Keynsham
Keynsham
was chosen as the outdoor location for a dramatic story-line in the BBC One
BBC One
TV serial EastEnders
EastEnders
in September 2012 with filming taking place in a cordoned-off section of the High Street.[66][67] In Northanger Abbey
Northanger Abbey
by Jane Austen, Catherine and her friends ride to ″within view of the town of Keynsham″.[68] Transport[edit]

Keynsham
Keynsham
A4 Bypass

The town is served by Keynsham railway station
Keynsham railway station
on the London-Bristol and Bristol-Southampton trunk routes. It opened in 1840 and was renamed Keynsham
Keynsham
and Somerdale in 1925. The chocolate factory had its own rail system which was connected to the main line, but the connection was taken out of use 26–27 July 1980. The station's name reverted to Keynsham
Keynsham
on 6 May 1974. The station was rebuilt in 1985 as a joint project between British Rail
British Rail
and Avon County Council.[69] The A4 trunk road used to run through the town, but much of this traffic is now carried on the bypass, which was constructed in 1964.[70] The bypass runs from Saltford, a village which adjoins Keynsham, to Brislington
Brislington
in Bristol. Keynsham
Keynsham
is on the Monarch's Way long distance footpath which approximates the escape route taken by King Charles II in 1651 after being defeated in the Battle of Worcester.[71] In May 2017, the High Street was made one-way for traffic heading towards Saltford
Saltford
and Bath with all Bristol-bound diverted along Ashton Way. There is now no access to Temple Street from High Street with the exception of buses and taxis, all traffic for Temple Street is diverted along Ashton Way. The town is served by no less than 6 bus routes, 1 of which connects Bath with Bristol
Bristol
International Airport, another bus service runs from Ashton Way at the back of the shops to Southmead Hospital
Southmead Hospital
and one bus service runs to Cribbs Causeway. In numerical order:

A4 Bath to Bristol
Bristol
Airport 17 Keynsham
Keynsham
to Southmead Hospital 19A Bath to Cribbs Causeway 39 Bath to Bristol 178 Radstock
Radstock
to Bristol 349 Keynsham
Keynsham
to Bristol

All buses towards Bristol, Southmead and Cribbs Causeway
Cribbs Causeway
use the bus stop on Ashton Way at the back of the shops, whilst all buses towards Bath use the stop on the High Street opposite the Post Office. Education[edit] State-funded schools are organised within the unitary authority of Bath and North East Somerset. A review of Secondary Education in Bath was started in 2007, primarily to reduce surplus provision and reduce the number of single-sex secondary schools in Bath, and to access capital funds available through the government's Building Schools for the Future programme.[72] There are several primary schools in Keynsham, including St Johns primary school, Castle Primary school, Chandag infants and junior school and new school St Keyna primary school (a merge of Keynsham
Keynsham
primary school and 150 yr old Temple Primary school). There are also two secondary schools, Wellsway School and Broadlands School.

Broadlands School

Wellsway School
Wellsway School
is an 11–18, mixed comprehensive school which was established in 1971, by amalgamating Keynsham
Keynsham
Grammar School and Wellsway County Secondary School both of which opened on a shared site in the mid-1950s. Most students that attend the school live in Keynsham
Keynsham
and Saltford
Saltford
or the nearby villages. As of 2014, approximately 1335 students attend the school, ranging in age of 11–18, with 64% achieving 5 or more A-C grades at GCSE.[73][74] Wellsway's bid for specialist school status was accepted in September 2007. Meaning that Wellsway School
Wellsway School
now specialises as a Sports and Science College. This means the School has joined the national network of specialist schools, resulting in every school in Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
now having a specialism. A joint bid is unusual as there are only six schools in the country with a combined Sports and Science specialism. Broadlands Academy
Broadlands Academy
became an academy in 2012. It has 430 students between the ages of 11 and 16 years.[75] Nearby Bath has two universities. The University
University
of Bath was established in 1966.[76] It is known, academically, for the physical sciences, mathematics, architecture, management and technology.[77] Bath Spa University
University
was first granted degree-awarding powers in 1992 as a university college (Bath Spa University
University
College), before being granted university status in August 2005.[78] It has schools in Art and Design, Education, English and Creative Studies, Historical and Cultural Studies, Music and the Performing Arts, and Social Sciences.[78] The city contains one further education college, City of Bath College, and several sixth forms as part of both state, private, and public schools. In England, on average in 2006, 45.8% of pupils gained 5 grades A-C including English and Maths; for Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
pupils taking GCSE at 16 it is 52.0%.[79] Special
Special
needs education is provided by Three Ways School. Religious sites[edit]

St John's church

Begun in 1292, the Anglican
Anglican
parish church of St John the Baptist gradually evolved until taking its present general form during the reign of Charles II, after the tower collapsed into the building during a storm in 1632.[80] The tower, built over the north-east corner of the nave, now rises in three stages over the Western entrance and is surmounted by a pierced parapet and short croketted pinnacles and is said to have been built from the ruins of the abbey church. The south aisle and south porch date from 1390. The chancel, then the responsibility of the abbey, was rebuilt in 1470 and further restoration was carried out in 1634–1655, following the collapse of the tower. There is a pulpit dating from 1634 and is also a screen of the same age which shuts off the choir vestry. It has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[80] A former organ is said to have stood in the church, but "had tones so mellow" that Handel
Handel
bargained for it, offering a peal of bells in exchange.[81] The offer was accepted. The musician went off with the organ and the bells were delivered. There are eight bells in total, some made by the Bilbie family
Bilbie family
of Chew Stoke,[82] the smallest bears these lines:[82]

"I value not who doth me see For Thomas Bilbie casted me; Althow my sound it is but small I can be heard amongst you all."

St. John the Baptist church is one of five churches in the Church of England
England
Parish of Keynsham,[83] the others being the village churches of St. Michael's in Burnett and St. Margaret's in Queen Charlton, the "Mission Church" in Chewton Keynsham
Chewton Keynsham
(formerly the school building), and St. Francis' Church on the Park Estate which in 2013 - 2015 underwent extensive modernisation and offers two halls for use by community groups. There are also the Victoria and Queens Road Methodist
Methodist
churches,[84] St. Dunstan's Roman Catholic Church[85] and an Elim Church.[86] The churches work together, also with churches in Saltford, under the banner of "Churches Together in Keynsham
Keynsham
and Saltford" and often with the strapline "More to Life".[87] Sport[edit] Keynsham
Keynsham
Cricket Club play at the Frank Taylor Memorial Ground, their 1st XI compete in the West of England
England
Premier League Division 2. Marcus Trescothick
Marcus Trescothick
is the most noticeable player to have played for the club. His family remain members of the club, which incorporates over 100 senior members and 100 junior members. Keynsham
Keynsham
rugby football club play at Crown Field.[88] The club's most notable and tragic event occurred on 24 December 1992, when there was a fatal road accident outside the club's ground. A Ford Fiesta
Ford Fiesta
car ploughed into 11 people leaving the annual festive disco. One woman, 21-year-old Sarah Monnelle, died at the scene. A second person, 24-year-old rugby player Richard Barnett, died in hospital two days later from his injuries. Clive Sutton was later found guilty on a double charge of causing death by dangerous driving and sentenced to four years in prison at Bristol
Bristol
Crown Court.[89] Keynsham Town F.C.
Keynsham Town F.C.
were founded in 1895.[90] They have played continuously apart from a break during World War II
World War II
and moved to their current ground, the Crown Field, in 1945.[91] They first played in the Bristol
Bristol
& District League and progressed through the Bristol Combination, Bristol
Bristol
Premier and Somerset
Somerset
Senior League and won the Somerset
Somerset
Senior Cup in 1951–52 and 1957–58.[90][92] They were elected to the Western League in 1973 but were relegated three years later in 1976.[93] Since then they have been promoted to the Premier Division three times and relegated three times. They won the Somerset Senior Cup for the third time in 2002–03[92] and reached the 5th round of the FA Vase
FA Vase
in 2003–04.[94] They currently play in the Western Football League
Western Football League
Division 1.[90] There is a bowls club situated at the Memorial Park. Keynsham
Keynsham
leisure centre was built in 1965 by British Gas as a gift to the town. It includes a swimming pool, gymnasium and sauna.[95] Notable residents[edit] Several notable people have been born or lived in Keynsham. The comedian Bill Bailey
Bill Bailey
was raised in the town.[96] Another entertainer Neil Forrester, who was a research assistant and became known as a cast member on The Real World: London was also a local.[97] Sports players from Keynsham
Keynsham
include Mark Regan a professional rugby player and a former player at Keynsham
Keynsham
Rugby Football Club,[98][99] Luke Sutton of Lancashire County Cricket Club
Lancashire County Cricket Club
who played as both a wicket-keeper and batsman,[100] Marcus Trescothick, the Somerset
Somerset
and England
England
cricketer.[101] and Judd Trump, a professional snooker player.[102] Horace Batchelor, who sold a system for the football pools, lived in Keynsham, making the town famous by spelling its name in his regular advertisements on Radio Luxembourg. Author Christina Hollis was born and raised in Queen's Road. References[edit]

^ a b c " Keynsham
Keynsham
Parish". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 1 January 2014. Retrieved 31 December 2013.  ^ a b The Bristol
Bristol
Post (11 October 2012). "Roman Ruins Found Under Former Chocolate Factory". The Bristol
Bristol
Post. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.  ^ a b c Johnston, David E. (2002). Discovering Roman Britain
Roman Britain
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External links[edit]

Somerset
Somerset
portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Keynsham.

Keynsham
Keynsham
Town Council Keynsham
Keynsham
at Curlie (based on DMOZ)

v t e

Chew Valley

Towns and villages:

Belluton Bishop Sutton Blagdon Burnett Cameley Camerton Chelwood Chew Magna Chew Stoke Chewton Keynsham Chewton Mendip Clutton Compton Dando Compton Martin East Harptree High Littleton Hinton Blewett Hunstrete Keynsham Litton Marksbury Nempnett Thrubwell Norton Malreward Pensford Publow Regil Stanton Drew Stanton Prior Stowey Temple Cloud Timsbury Ubley West Harptree Winford Woollard

Reservoirs:

Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake Chew Magna
Chew Magna
Reservoir Chew Valley
Chew Valley
Lake Litton Reservoirs

Rivers:

River Chew River Yeo

SSSIs:

Barns Batch Spinney Blagdon
Blagdon
Lake Burledge Hill Chew Valley
Chew Valley
Lake Compton Martin
Compton Martin
Ochre Mine Dundry Main Road South Quarry Emborough Quarries Folly Farm Harptree Combe Hartcliff Rocks Quarry Lamb Leer Lulsgate Quarry Plaster's Green Meadows Wurt Pit and Devil's Punchbowl

Open Access Land

Burledge Hill Knowle Hill Round Hill (Folly Farm)

Councils:

Bath and North East Somerset Mendip North Somerset

Surrounding areas:

Dundry Down Lulsgate Plateau Mendip
Mendip
Hills Yeo Valley

v t e

Ceremonial county
Ceremonial county
of Somerset

Somerset
Somerset
Portal

Unitary authorities

Bath and North East Somerset North Somerset

Boroughs or districts

Mendip Sedgemoor South Somerset Taunton
Taunton
Deane West Somerset

Major settlements

Axbridge Bath Bridgwater Bruton Burnham-on-Sea Castle Cary Chard Clevedon Crewkerne Dulverton Frome Glastonbury Highbridge Ilminster Keynsham Langport Midsomer Norton Minehead Nailsea North Petherton Portishead Radstock Shepton Mallet Somerton Taunton Watchet Wellington Wells Weston-super-Mare Wincanton Wiveliscombe Yeovil See also: List of civil parishes in Somerset

Rivers

Alham Aller Avill Avon Axe ( Bristol
Bristol
Channel) Axe (Lyme Bay) Badgworthy Water Banwell Barle Brue Cam Brook Cary Chew East Lyn Exe Fivehead Frome Haddeo Hoar Oak Water Holford Horner Huntspill Isle Land Yeo Mells Midford Brook Oare Water Parret Severn Estuary Sheppey Somer Sowy Tone Washford Wellow Brook West Lyn Whitelake Yeo (Congresbury) Yeo (South Somerset)

Topics

Country houses County Council Culture of Somerset Economy of Somerset Flag Geography of Somerset Geology of Somerset Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings High Sheriff of Somerset History of Somerset Local nature reserves Lord Lieutenant of Somerset Museums National nature reserves Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements Scheduled monuments Schools SSSIs Transport in Somerset Geographic areas: Blackdown Hills Brendon Hills Chew Valley Exmoor Mendip
Mendip
Hills Polden Hills Quantock Hills Somerset
Somerset
Levels South West Coast Path West S

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