HOME
The Info List - Karmapa


--- Advertisement ---



The Karmapa
Karmapa
(honorific title His Holiness the Gyalwa (རྒྱལ་བ་, Victorious One) Karmapa, more formally as Gyalwang (རྒྱལ་དབང་ཀརྨ་པ་, King of Victorious Ones) Karmapa, and informally as the Karmapa
Karmapa
Lama) is the head of the Karma Kagyu, the largest sub-school of the Kagyu (བཀའ་བརྒྱུད, Wylie: bka' brgyud), itself one of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism. The historical seat of the Karmapas is Tsurphu Monastery
Tsurphu Monastery
in the Tolung valley of Tibet. The Karmapa's principal seat in exile is the Dharma Chakra Centre at Rumtek Monastery
Rumtek Monastery
in Sikkim, India. His regional monastic seats are Karma Triyana Dharmachakra
Karma Triyana Dharmachakra
in New York and Dhagpo Kagyu
Kagyu
Ling in Dordogne, France. Due to a controversy within the Karma Kagyu
Kagyu
school over the recognition process, the identity of the current 17th Karmapa
Karmapa
is disputed by some. See Karmapa controversy
Karmapa controversy
for details.

Contents

1 Origin of the lineage 2 Black Crown 3 List of previous Karmapas 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Origin of the lineage[edit] Düsum Khyenpa, 1st Karmapa
Karmapa
Lama
Lama
(Wylie: Dus gsum Mkhyen pa, 1110–1193), was a disciple of the Tibetan master Gampopa. A talented child who studied Buddhism
Buddhism
with his father from an early age and who sought out great teachers in his twenties and thirties, he is said to have attained enlightenment at the age of fifty while practicing dream yoga. He was henceforth regarded by the contemporary highly respected masters Shakya Śri and Lama
Lama
Shang as the Karmapa, a manifestation of Avalokiteśvara, whose coming was predicted in the Samadhiraja Sutra[1] and the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra.[2] The source of the oral lineage, traditionally traced back to the Buddha Vajradhara, was transmitted to the Indian master of mahamudra and tantra called Tilopa (989-1069), through Naropa
Naropa
(1016–1100) to Marpa Lotsawa
Marpa Lotsawa
and Milarepa. These forefathers of the Kagyu
Kagyu
(Bka' brGyud) lineage are collectively called the "Golden Rosary". Karma Pakshi, 2nd Karmapa
Karmapa
Lama
Lama
(1204–1283), is often said to be the first person ever recognized and empowered as a tulku (Wylie: sprul sku), a reincarnated lama (bla ma).[3] Black Crown[edit] The Karmapas are the holders of the Black Crown
Black Crown
(Wylie: Zhwa-nag) and are thus sometimes known as "the Black Hat Lamas". This crown (Wylie: rang 'byung cod pan "self-arisen crown"), is traditionally said to have been woven by the dakinis from their hair and given to the Karmapa
Karmapa
in recognition of his spiritual realization. The physical crown displayed by the Karmapas was offered to Deshin Shekpa, 5th Karmapa
Karmapa
Lama
Lama
by the Yongle Emperor
Yongle Emperor
of China as a material representation of the spiritual one. The crown was last known to be located at Rumtek Monastery
Rumtek Monastery
in Sikkim, the last home of the 16th Karmapa, although that location has been subject to some upheaval since 1993 causing some to worry as to whether or not it is still there. An inventory of items remaining at Rumtek is purported to be something the Indian government is going to undertake in the near future. List of previous Karmapas[edit]

Düsum Khyenpa
Düsum Khyenpa
(དུས་གསུམ་མཁྱེན་པ་) (1110–1193) Karma Pakshi
Karma Pakshi
(ཀརྨ་པཀྵི་) (1204–1283) Rangjung Dorje
Rangjung Dorje
(རང་འབྱུང་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1284–1339) Rolpe Dorje
Rolpe Dorje
(རོལ་པའི་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1340–1383) Deshin Shekpa (དེ་བཞིན་གཤེགས་པ་)(1384–1415) Thongwa Dönden
Thongwa Dönden
(མཐོང་བ་དོན་ལྡན་) (1416–1453) Chödrak Gyatso
Chödrak Gyatso
(ཆོས་གྲགས་རྒྱ་མཚོ་) (1454–1506) Mikyö Dorje
Mikyö Dorje
(མི་བསྐྱོད་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1507–1554) Wangchuk Dorje
Wangchuk Dorje
(དབང་ཕྱུག་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1556–1603) Chöying Dorje (ཆོས་དབྱིངས་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1604–1674) Yeshe Dorje
Yeshe Dorje
(ཡེ་ཤེས་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1676–1702) Changchub Dorje
Changchub Dorje
(བྱང་ཆུབ་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1703–1732) Dudul Dorje
Dudul Dorje
(བདུད་འདུལ་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1733–1797) Thekchok Dorje
Thekchok Dorje
(ཐེག་མཆོག་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1798–1868) Khakyab Dorje
Khakyab Dorje
(མཁའ་ཁྱབ་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1871–1922) Rangjung Rigpe Dorje (རང་འབྱུང་རིག་པའི་རྡོ་རྗེ་) (1924–1981) Ogyen Trinley Dorje (ཨོ་རྒྱན་འཕྲིན་ལས་རྡོ་རྗེ།) (b. 1985) or Trinley Thaye Dorje (ཕྲིན་ལས་མཐའ་ཡས་རྡོ་རྗེ།)(b. 1983),

See also[edit]

Ogyen Trinley Dorje Trinley Thaye Dorje Shamarpa Thrangu Rinpoche Dorje Pakmo Karmapa
Karmapa
controversy

Notes[edit]

^ Khenchen Thrangu Rinpoche. King of Samadhi
Samadhi
Sutra: Oral commentaries given in Rinpoche's monastery in Boudhanath, Nepal, January 1993 ^ The Lankavatara Sutra
Sutra
Archived 2006-01-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Karmapa
Karmapa
Concept Encyclopedia Analysis". Collab.itc.virginia.edu. Retrieved 2011-10-17. 

References[edit]

Official websites of His Holiness Karmapa
Karmapa
www.karmapa.org or www.kagyuoffice.org Thinley, Karma: The History of the Sixteen Karmapas of Tibet, Boulder, Prajna Press 1980. Douglas, Nick; White, Meryl: Karmapa, the Black Hat Lama
Lama
of Tibet, Milano 1975. Ken Holmes, Karmapa, Altea Publishing 1995, ISBN 0-9524555-4-4. Author's website (While the book and web site favours one candidate for the 17th the information on 1st-16th is useful and was the original source for this article)

External links[edit] The history of the Karmapa
Karmapa
lineage, including biographical details of the historical Karmapas, can be found at the following web sites. Notice that the websites are written to those loyal to one or other of the rival 17th Karmapas, and their accounts of previous incarnations may not be written from a neutral point of view.

Karmapa
Karmapa
lineage history on kagyuoffice.org, the website of Ogyen Trinley Dorje Karmapa
Karmapa
lineage history on karmapa.org, the website of Thaye Dorje The Life of the 16th Gyalwa Karmapa Information on past and present Karmapas from khandro.net, a website supporting Ogyen Trinley Dorje

v t e

Karmapas

Karma Kagyu
Kagyu
- Black Crown
Black Crown
- Tsurphu Monastery
Tsurphu Monastery
- Rumtek Monastery
Rumtek Monastery
- Recognition of the Seventeenth Karmapa

Düsum Khyenpa Karma Pakshi Rangjung Dorje Rolpe Dorje Deshin Shekpa Thongwa Dönden Chödrak Gyatso Mikyö Dorje Wangchuk Dorje Chöying Dorje Yeshe Dorje Changchub Dorje Dudul Dorje Thekchok Dorje Khakyab Dorje Rangjung Rigpe Dorje Ogyen Trinley Dorje Trinley Thaye Dorje

v t e

Buddhism
Buddhism
topics

Glossary Index Outline

Foundations

Three Jewels

Buddha Dharma Sangha

Four Noble Truths Noble Eightfold Path Nirvana Middle Way

The Buddha

Tathāgata Birthday Four sights Physical characteristics Footprint Relics Iconography in Laos and Thailand Films Miracles Family

Suddhodāna (father) Māyā (mother) Mahapajapati Gotamī (aunt, adoptive mother) Yasodhara (wife) Rāhula
Rāhula
(son) Ānanda (cousin) Devadatta
Devadatta
(cousin)

Places where the Buddha stayed Buddha in world religions

Key concepts

Avidyā (Ignorance) Bardo Bodhicitta Bodhisattva Buddha-nature Dhamma theory Dharma Enlightenment Five hindrances Indriya Karma Kleshas Mind Stream Parinirvana Pratītyasamutpāda Rebirth Saṃsāra Saṅkhāra Skandha Śūnyatā Taṇhā
Taṇhā
(Craving) Tathātā Ten Fetters Three marks of existence

Impermanence Dukkha Anatta

Two truths doctrine

Cosmology

Ten spiritual realms Six realms

Deva (Buddhism) Human realm Asura realm Hungry Ghost realm Animal realm Hell

Three planes of existence

Practices

Bhavana Bodhipakkhiyādhammā Brahmavihara

Mettā Karuṇā Mudita Upekkha

Buddhābhiseka Dāna Devotion Dhyāna Faith Five Strengths Iddhipada Meditation

Mantras Kammaṭṭhāna Recollection Smarana Anapanasati Samatha Vipassanā
Vipassanā
(Vipassana movement) Shikantaza Zazen Kōan Mandala Tonglen Tantra Tertön Terma

Merit Mindfulness

Satipatthana

Nekkhamma Pāramitā Paritta Puja

Offerings Prostration Chanting

Refuge Satya

Sacca

Seven Factors of Enlightenment

Sati Dhamma vicaya Pīti Passaddhi

Śīla

Five Precepts Bodhisattva
Bodhisattva
vow Prātimokṣa

Threefold Training

Śīla Samadhi Prajñā

Vīrya

Four Right Exertions

Nirvana

Bodhi Bodhisattva Buddhahood Pratyekabuddha Four stages of enlightenment

Sotāpanna Sakadagami Anāgāmi Arhat

Monasticism

Bhikkhu Bhikkhuni Śrāmaṇera Śrāmaṇerī Anagarika Ajahn Sayadaw Zen
Zen
master Rōshi Lama Rinpoche Geshe Tulku Householder Upāsaka and Upāsikā Śrāvaka

The ten principal disciples

Shaolin Monastery

Major figures

Gautama Buddha Kaundinya Assaji Sāriputta Mahamoggallāna Mulian Ānanda Mahākassapa Anuruddha Mahākaccana Nanda Subhuti Punna Upali Mahapajapati Gotamī Khema Uppalavanna Asita Channa Yasa Buddhaghoṣa Nagasena Angulimala Bodhidharma Nagarjuna Asanga Vasubandhu Atiśa Padmasambhava Nichiren Songtsen Gampo Emperor Wen of Sui Dalai Lama Panchen Lama Karmapa Shamarpa Naropa Xuanzang Zhiyi

Texts

Tripiṭaka Madhyamakālaṃkāra Mahayana
Mahayana
sutras Pāli Canon Chinese Buddhist canon Tibetan Buddhist canon

Branches

Theravada Mahayana

Chan Buddhism

Zen Seon Thiền

Pure Land Tiantai Nichiren Madhyamaka Yogachara

Navayana Vajrayana

Tibetan Shingon Dzogchen

Early Buddhist schools Pre-sectarian Buddhism Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

Countries

Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Cambodia China India Indonesia Japan Korea Laos Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Russia

Kalmykia Buryatia

Singapore Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Tibet Vietnam Middle East

Iran

Western countries

Argentina Australia Brazil France United Kingdom United States Venezuela

History

Timeline Ashoka Buddhist councils History of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

Decline of Buddhism
Buddhism
in India

Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution Greco-Buddhism Buddhism
Buddhism
and the Roman world Buddhism
Buddhism
in the West Silk Road transmission of Buddhism Persecution of Buddhists Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal Buddhist crisis Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism Buddhist modernism Vipassana movement 969 Movement Women in Buddhism

Philosophy

Abhidharma Atomism Buddhology Creator Economics Eight Consciousnesses Engaged Buddhism Eschatology Ethics Evolution Humanism Logic Reality Secular Buddhism Socialism The unanswered questions

Culture

Architecture

Temple Vihara Wat Stupa Pagoda Candi Dzong architecture Japanese Buddhist architecture Korean Buddhist temples Thai temple art and architecture Tibetan Buddhist architecture

Art

Greco-Buddhist

Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree Budai Buddharupa Calendar Cuisine Funeral Holidays

Vesak Uposatha Magha Puja Asalha Puja Vassa

Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi Kasaya Mahabodhi Temple Mantra

Om mani padme hum

Mudra Music Pilgrimage

Lumbini Maya Devi Temple Bodh Gaya Sarnath Kushinagar

Poetry Prayer beads Prayer wheel Symbolism

Dharmachakra Flag Bhavacakra Swastika Thangka

Temple of the Tooth Vegetarianism

Miscellaneous

Abhijñā Amitābha Avalokiteśvara

Guanyin

Brahmā Dhammapada Dharma
Dharma
talk Hinayana Kalpa Koliya Lineage Maitreya Māra Ṛddhi Sacred languages

Pali Sanskrit

Siddhi Sutra Vinaya

Comparison

Bahá'í Faith Christianity

Influences Comparison

East Asian religions Gnosticism Hinduism Jainism Judaism Psychology Science Theosophy Violence Western philosophy

Lists

Bodhisattvas Books Buddhas

named

Buddhists Suttas Temples

Category Portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Karmapa.

Authority control

.