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John Joseph Gotti Jr.[1] (October 27, 1940 – June 10, 2002) was an Italian-American
Italian-American
gangster who became boss of the powerful Gambino crime family in New York City. Gotti and his brothers grew up in poverty and turned to a life of crime at an early age. Gotti quickly rose to prominence, becoming one of the crime family's biggest earners and a protégé of Gambino family underboss Aniello Dellacroce, operating out of the Ozone Park neighborhood of Queens. The FBI
FBI
indicted members of Gotti's crew for selling narcotics, and Gotti took advantage of growing dissent over the leadership of the crime family. Gotti feared that he would be killed along with his brother and best friend by Gambino boss Paul Castellano
Paul Castellano
for selling drugs, so he organized the murder of Castellano in December 1985 and took over the family shortly thereafter. This left Gotti as the boss of the most powerful, richest, and largest crime syndicate in the world, one that made hundreds of millions of dollars a year from racketeering, hijacking[disambiguation needed], loan sharking, drug trafficking, bookmaking, prostitution, extortion, pornography, illegal gambling, and other criminal activities. At his peak, Gotti was one of the most powerful and dangerous crime bosses in the country. During his era he became widely known for his outspoken personality and flamboyant style, which gained him favor with some of the general public. His peers avoided attracting attention, especially from the media, but Gotti became known as "The Dapper Don" for his expensive clothes and personality in front of news cameras. He was later given the nickname "The Teflon
Teflon
Don" after three high-profile trials in the 1980s resulted in his acquittal, though it was later revealed that the trials had been tainted by jury tampering, juror misconduct, and witness intimidation. Law enforcement authorities continued gathering evidence against Gotti that helped lead to his downfall. Gotti's underboss Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano is credited with the FBI's success in finally convicting Gotti. In 1991, Gravano agreed to turn state's evidence and testify for the prosecution against Gotti after hearing the boss making several disparaging remarks about Gravano on a wiretap that implicated them both in several murders. In 1992, Gotti was convicted of five murders, conspiracy to commit murder, racketeering, obstruction of justice, tax evasion, illegal gambling, extortion, and loansharking. He was sentenced to life in prison without parole and was transferred to United States Penitentiary, Marion. Gotti died of throat cancer on June 10, 2002, at the United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners
United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners
in Springfield, Missouri. According to former Lucchese crime family
Lucchese crime family
boss Anthony "Gaspipe" Casso, "What John Gotti
John Gotti
did was the beginning of the end of Cosa Nostra".[2]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Gambino crime family

2.1 Associate 2.2 Captain 2.3 Taking over the Gambino family

3 Crime boss

3.1 "The Teflon
Teflon
Don" 3.2 Reorganization 3.3 Assault
Assault
acquittal

4 1992 conviction 5 Incarceration and death 6 Portrayal in popular media 7 Notes 8 References 9 External links

Early life[edit] John Gotti
John Gotti
was born in the Bronx, New York on October 27, 1940. While his parents were both born in the United States, his ancestors came from San Giuseppe Vesuviano, in the province of Naples in Italy.[3] He was the fifth of the thirteen children of John Joseph Gotti Sr. and John Sr.'s wife Philomena (referred to as Fannie),[3][4] and one of five brothers who became made men in the Gambino crime family:[5] Eugene "Gene" Gotti was initiated before John due to John's incarceration,[6] Peter Gotti was initiated under John's leadership in 1988,[7] and Richard V. Gotti was identified as a caporegime by 2002.[5] The fifth, Vincent, was initiated in 2002.[8] Gotti grew up in poverty. His father worked irregularly as a day laborer and indulged in gambling. As an adult, Gotti came to resent his father for being unable to provide for his family.[4] In school, he had a history of truancy and bullying other students, and ultimately dropped out of Franklin K. Lane High School
Franklin K. Lane High School
at the age of sixteen.[9][10] Gotti was involved in street gangs associated with New York City mafiosi from the age of twelve.[9] When he was fourteen, he was attempting to steal a cement mixer from a construction site when it fell, crushing his toes; this injury left him with a permanent limp.[9] After leaving school, he devoted himself to working with the Mafia-associated Fulton-Rockaway Boys gang, where he met and befriended fellow future Gambino mobsters Angelo Ruggiero and Wilfred "Willie Boy" Johnson.[9][11] Gotti met his future wife, Victoria DiGiorgio, who is half Italian and half Russian-Jewish
Russian-Jewish
through her mother, in 1958.[12] The couple were married on March 6, 1962.[13] They had five children; Victoria, John Jr., Frank (b. October 18, 1967 k. March 18, 1980), Angela, and Peter. Gotti attempted to work legitimately in 1962 as a presser in a coat factory and as an assistant truck driver. However, he could not stay crime-free and, by 1966, had been jailed twice.[14] Gambino crime family[edit] Associate[edit] As early as his teens, Gotti was running errands for Carmine Fatico, a capo in the Gambino family, then known as the Anastasia family under the leadership of boss Albert Anastasia.[15] Gotti carried out truck hijackings at Idlewild Airport (subsequently renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) together with his brother Gene and friend Ruggiero.[16] During this time, Gotti befriended fellow mob hijacker and future Bonanno family boss Joseph Massino, and he was given the nicknames "Black John" and "Crazy Horse".[16][17] It was around this time that Gotti met his mentor and Gambino underboss Aniello "Neil" Dellacroce.[18] Dellacroce regaled Gotti with tales of past Mafia glories under Anastasia, leading Gotti to adopt Anastasia as his role model. In February 1968, United Airlines
United Airlines
employees identified Gotti as the man who had signed for stolen merchandise; the FBI
FBI
arrested him for the United hijacking soon after. Gotti was arrested a third time for hijacking while out on bail two months later, this time for stealing a load of cigarettes worth $50,000 on the New Jersey
New Jersey
Turnpike. Later that year, Gotti pleaded guilty to the Northwest Airlines
Northwest Airlines
hijacking and was sentenced to three years at Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary.[16] Prosecutors dropped the charges for the cigarette hijacking. Gotti also pleaded guilty to the United hijacking and spent less than three years at Lewisburg. Gotti and Ruggiero were paroled in 1972 and returned to their old crew at the Bergin Hunt and Fish Club, still working under Fatico. Gotti was transferred to management of the Bergin crew's illegal gambling, where he proved himself to be an effective enforcer.[19] Fatico was indicted on loansharking charges in 1972. As a condition of his release, he could not associate with known felons. Gotti was not yet a made man in the Mafia due to the membership books' having been closed since 1957, but Fatico named him the acting capo of the Bergin crew soon after he was paroled.[20] In this new role, Gotti frequently traveled to Dellacroce's headquarters at the Ravenite Social Club to brief the underboss on the crew's activities. Dellacroce had already taken a liking to Gotti, and the two became even closer during this time. The two were very similar—both had strong violent streaks, cursed a lot, and were heavy gamblers.[21] After Emanuel Gambino, nephew to boss Carlo Gambino, was kidnapped and murdered in 1973, Gotti was assigned to the hit team alongside Ruggiero and Ralph Galione in search for the main suspect, gangster James McBratney.[13] The team botched their attempt to abduct McBratney at a Staten Island
Staten Island
bar, and Galione shot McBratney dead when his accomplices managed to restrain him. Gotti was identified by eyewitnesses as a police Bergin insider[clarification needed] and was arrested for the killing in June 1974.[22] He was able to strike a plea bargain, however, with the help of attorney Roy Cohn, and received a four-year sentence for attempted manslaughter for his part in the hit.[6] After Gotti's death, he was also identified by Massino as the killer of Vito Borelli, a Gambino associate killed in 1975 for insulting then-acting boss Paul Castellano.[23][24] Captain[edit] Gotti was released in July 1977 after two years imprisonment. He was subsequently initiated into the Gambino family, now under the command of Castellano, and immediately promoted to replace Fatico as capo of the Bergin crew.[6] He and his crew reported directly to Dellacroce as part of the concessions given by Castellano to keep Dellacroce as underboss,[25] and Gotti was regarded as Dellacroce's protégé.[26] Under Gotti, the crew were Dellacroce's biggest earners.[6] Besides his cut of his subordinates' earnings, Gotti ran his own loan sharking operation and held a no-show job as a plumbing supply salesman.[27] Unconfirmed allegations by FBI
FBI
informants in the Bergin Hunt and Fish Club claimed that Gotti also financed drug deals.[26][28] Gotti tried to keep most of his family uninvolved with his life of crime, with the exception of his son John Angelo Gotti, commonly known as John Gotti
John Gotti
Jr., who was a mob associate by 1982.[29] In December 1978, Gotti assisted in the largest unrecovered cash robbery in history, the infamous Lufthansa Heist at Kennedy Airport.[30] Gotti had made arrangements for the getaway van to be crushed and baled at a scrap metal yard in Brooklyn. The driver of the van failed to follow orders; rather than driving the vehicle to the scrap yard, he parked it near a fire hydrant and went to sleep at his girlfriend's apartment. The NYPD
NYPD
recovered the van and lifted the fingerprints of several perpetrators of the robbery, helping to unravel the heist.[31] On March 18, 1980, Gotti's youngest son, 12-year-old Frank Gotti, was run over and killed on a family friend's minibike by a neighbor named John Favara.[32] Frank's death was ruled an accident, but Favara subsequently received death threats and was attacked by Victoria with a baseball bat when he visited the Gottis to apologize.[33][34] On July 28, 1980, he was abducted and disappeared, presumed murdered.[32] The Gottis were on vacation in Florida
Florida
at the time, but Gotti is still presumed to have ordered the killing,[35] an allegation dismissed by his daughter.[12][29] Gotti was indicted on two occasions in his last two years as the Bergin capo, with both cases coming to trial after his ascension to boss of the Gambinos. In September 1984, Gotti had an altercation with refrigerator mechanic Romual Piecyk, and was subsequently charged with assault and robbery.[36][37] In 1985, he was indicted alongside Dellacroce and several Bergin crew members in a racketeering case by Assistant U.S. Attorney Diane Giacalone.[10][38] The indictment also revealed that Gotti's friend "Willie Boy" Johnson, one of his co-defendants, had been an FBI
FBI
informant.[38] Taking over the Gambino family[edit] Gotti rapidly became dissatisfied with Castellano's leadership, regarding the new boss as being too isolated and greedy.[39][40] Like other members of the family, Gotti also personally disliked Castellano. The boss lacked street credibility, and those who had paid their dues running street level jobs did not respect him. Gotti also had an economic interest: he had a running beef with Castellano on the split Gotti took from hijackings at Kennedy Airport. Gotti was also rumored to be expanding into drug dealing, a lucrative trade Castellano had banned. In August 1983, Ruggiero and Gene Gotti
Gene Gotti
were arrested for dealing heroin, based primarily on recordings from a bug in Ruggiero's house.[41][42] Castellano, who had banned made men from his family from dealing drugs under threat of death, demanded transcripts of the tapes,[41][43] and, when Ruggiero refused, threatened to demote Gotti.[44] In 1984, Castellano was arrested and indicted in a RICO case for the crimes of Gambino hitman Roy DeMeo's crew.[45][46] The following year, he received a second indictment for his role in the Mafia's Commission.[44] Facing life imprisonment for either case, Castellano arranged for Gotti to serve as an acting boss alongside Thomas Bilotti, Castellano's favorite capo, and Thomas Gambino in his absence.[47][48] Gotti, meanwhile, began conspiring with fellow disgruntled capos Frank DeCicco and Joseph "Joe Piney" Armone and soldiers Sammy Gravano
Sammy Gravano
and Robert "DiB" DiBernardo (collectively dubbed "the Fist" by themselves) to overthrow Castellano, insisting despite the boss' inaction that Castellano would eventually try to kill him.[49] Armone's support was critical; as a respected old-timer who dated back to the family's founder, Vincent Mangano, he would lend needed credibility to the conspirators' cause.[50] It has long been a hard and fast rule in the Mafia that killing a boss is forbidden without the support of a majority of the Commission. Indeed, Gotti's planned hit would have been the first off-the-record hit on a boss since Frank Costello
Frank Costello
was nearly killed in 1957. Gotti knew that it would be too risky to solicit support from the other four bosses, since they had longstanding ties to Castellano. To get around this, he got the support of several important figures of his generation in the Lucchese, Colombo and Bonanno families. He did not even consider approaching the Genovese family; Castellano had especially close ties with Genovese boss Vincent "Chin" Gigante, and approaching any major Genovese figure could have been a tipoff. Gotti could thus claim he had the support of "off-the-record contacts" from three out of five families.[50] He could also count on the complicity of Gambino consigliere Joseph N. Gallo.[49][51] After Dellacroce died of cancer on December 2, 1985, Castellano revised his succession plan: appointing Bilotti as underboss to Thomas Gambino as the sole acting boss, while making plans to break up Gotti's crew.[52][53] Infuriated by this, and Castellano's refusal to attend Dellacroce's wake,[52][53] Gotti resolved to kill his boss. When DeCicco tipped Gotti off that he would be having a meeting with Castellano and several other Gambino mobsters at Sparks Steak House
Sparks Steak House
on December 16, 1985, Gotti chose to take the opportunity.[54] The evening of the meeting, when the boss and underboss arrived, they were ambushed and shot dead by assassins under Gotti's command.[55] Gotti watched the hit from his car with Gravano.[56] Several days after the murder, Gotti was named to a three-man committee to temporarily run the family pending the election of a new boss, along with Gallo and DeCicco. It was also announced that an internal investigation into Castellano's murder was underway. However, it was an open secret that Gotti was acting boss in all but name, and nearly all of the family's capos knew he had been the one behind the hit. He was formally acclaimed as the new boss of the Gambino family at a meeting of 20 capos held on January 15, 1986.[57] He appointed DeCicco as the new underboss while retaining Gallo as consigliere.[58][59] Crime boss[edit] Identified as both Castellano's likely murderer and his successor, Gotti rose to fame throughout 1986.[60][61] At the time of his takeover, the Gambino family was regarded as the most powerful American mafia family,[62] with an annual income of $500 million.[63] In the book Underboss, Gravano estimated that Gotti himself had an annual income of not less than $5 million during his years as boss, and more likely between $10 and $12 million.[64] To protect himself legally, Gotti banned members of the Gambino family from accepting plea bargains that acknowledged the existence of the organization.[65] He maintained a genial public image in an attempt to play down press releases that depicted him as a ruthless mobster. He reportedly would offer coffee to FBI
FBI
agents assigned to tail him. "The Teflon
Teflon
Don"[edit] Gotti's newfound fame had at least one positive effect; upon the revelation of his attacker's occupation, and amid reports of intimidation by the Gambinos, Romual Piecyk decided not to testify against Gotti thanks to Boško "The Yugo" Radonjić, the head of the Westies
Westies
in Hell's Kitchen, Manhattan. When the trial commenced in March 1986, Piecyk testified he was unable to remember who attacked him. The case was promptly dismissed, with the New York Post summarizing the proceedings with the headline "I Forgotti!"[37][66] It was later revealed that Gambino thugs had severed Piecyk's brake lines, made threatening phone calls and stalked him before the trial.[67] On April 13, 1986, DeCicco was killed when his car was bombed following a visit to Castellano loyalist James Failla. The bombing was carried out by Victor Amuso
Victor Amuso
and Anthony Casso
Anthony Casso
of the Lucchese family, under orders of Gigante and Lucchese boss Anthony Corallo, to avenge Castellano and Bilotti by killing their successors; Gotti also planned to visit Failla that day, but canceled, and the bomb was detonated after a soldier who rode with DeCicco was mistaken for the boss.[68] Bombs had long been banned by the Mafia out of concern that it would put innocent people in harm's way, leading the Gambinos to initially suspect that "zips" — Sicilian mafiosi working in the U.S. — were behind it; zips were well known for using bombs.[69] Following the bombing, Judge Eugene Nickerson, presiding over Gotti's racketeering trial, rescheduled to avoid a jury tainted by the resulting publicity, while Giacalone had Gotti's bail revoked due to evidence of witness intimidation in the Piecyk case.[70][71] From jail, Gotti ordered the murder of Robert DiBernardo by Gravano; both DiBernardo and Ruggiero had been vying to succeed DeCicco until Ruggiero accused DiBernardo of challenging Gotti's leadership.[72] When Ruggiero, also under indictment, had his bail revoked for his abrasive behavior in preliminary hearings, a frustrated Gotti instead promoted Armone to underboss.[73] Jury selection for the racketeering case began again in August 1986,[74] with Gotti standing trial alongside his brother Gene, "Willie Boy" Johnson (who, despite being exposed as an informant, refused to turn state's evidence[75]), Leonard DiMaria, Tony Rampino, Nicholas Corozzo and John Carneglia.[76] At this point, the Gambinos were able to compromise the case when George Pape hid his friendship with Radonjić and was empaneled as juror No. 11.[77] Through Radonjić, Pape contacted Gravano and agreed to sell his vote on the jury for $60,000.[78] In the trial's opening statements on September 25, Gotti's defense attorney Bruce Cutler denied the existence of the Gambino family and framed the government's entire effort as a personal vendetta.[79] His main defense strategy during the prosecution was to attack the credibility of Giacalone's witnesses by discussing their crimes committed before their turning state's evidence.[80] During Gotti's defense, Cutler called bank robber Matthew Traynor, a would-be prosecution witness dropped for unreliability, who testified that Giacalone offered him drugs and her panties as a masturbation aid in exchange for his testimony; Traynor's allegations would be dismissed by Judge Nickerson as "wholly unbelievable" after the trial, and he was subsequently convicted of perjury.[80][81] Despite Cutler's defense and critiques about the prosecution's performance, according to mob writers Jerry Capeci and Gene Mustain, when the jury's deliberations began, a majority were in favor of convicting Gotti. However, due to Pape's misconduct, Gotti knew from the beginning of the trial that he could do no worse than a hung jury. During deliberations, Pape held out for acquittal until the rest of the jury began to fear their own safety would be compromised.[78] On March 13, 1987, they acquitted Gotti and his codefendants of all charges.[76] Five years later, Pape was convicted of obstruction of justice for his part in the fix[77] and sentenced to three years in prison.[82] In the face of previous Mafia convictions, particularly the success of the Commission trial, Gotti's acquittal was a major upset that further added to his reputation.[83] The American media dubbed Gotti "The Teflon
Teflon
Don" in reference to the failure of any charges to "stick."[84] Reorganization[edit]

FBI
FBI
surveillance photograph of Gotti, Gravano, Amuso and Casso

While Gotti himself had escaped conviction, his associates were not so lucky. The other two men in the Gambino administration, underboss Armone and consigliere Gallo, had been indicted on racketeering charges in 1986 and were both convicted in December 1987.[85] The heroin trial of Gotti's former fellow Bergin crewmembers Ruggiero and Gene Gotti
Gene Gotti
also commenced in June of that year.[86] Prior to their convictions, Gotti allowed Gallo to retire and promoted Gravano in his place while slating Frank Locascio to serve as acting underboss in the event of Armone's imprisonment.[87] The Gambinos also worked to compromise the heroin trial's jury, resulting in two mistrials.[88] When the terminally ill Ruggiero was severed and released in 1989, Gotti refused to contact him, blaming him for the Gambinos' misfortunes. According to Gravano, Gotti also considered murdering Ruggiero and when he finally died, "I literally had to drag him to the funeral."[89] Beginning in January 1988, Gotti, against Gravano's advice,[90] required his capos to meet with him at the Ravenite Social Club once a week.[91] Regarded by Gene as an unnecessary vanity-inspired risk,[92] and by FBI
FBI
Gambino squad leader Bruce Mouw as antithetical to the "secret society",[93] this move allowed FBI
FBI
surveillance to record and identify much of the Gambino hierarchy. It also provided strong circumstantial evidence that Gotti was a boss; long-standing protocol in the Mafia requires public demonstrations of loyalty to the boss.[93] The FBI
FBI
also bugged the Ravenite, but failed to produce any high-quality incriminating recordings.[93] 1988 also saw Gotti, Gigante and new Lucchese boss Victor Amuso attending the first Commission meeting since the Commission trial.[94] In 1986, future Lucchese underboss Anthony Casso
Anthony Casso
had been injured in an unauthorized hit by Gambino capo Mickey Paradiso.[68][95] The following year, the FBI
FBI
warned Gotti they had recorded Genovese consigliere Louis Manna discussing another hit on Gotti and his brother.[94] To avoid a war, the leaders of the three families met, denied knowledge of their violence against one another, and agreed to "communicate better."[96] The bosses also agreed to allow Colombo acting boss Victor Orena to join the Commission, but Gigante, wary of giving Gotti a majority by admitting another ally, blocked the reentry of Massino and the Bonannos.[94] Gotti was nevertheless able to take control of the New Jersey DeCavalcante crime family in 1988. According to the DeCavalcante capo-turned-informant Anthony Rotondo, Gotti attended his father's wake with numerous other Gambino mobsters in a "show of force" and forced boss John Riggi to agree to run his family on the Gambinos' behalf.[97] The DeCavalcantes remained in the Gambinos' sphere of influence until Gotti's imprisonment.[98] Gotti's son, John Gotti
John Gotti
Jr., was initiated into the Gambino family on Christmas Eve 1988.[99] According to fellow mobster Michael DiLeonardo, initiated in the same night, Gravano held the ceremony to keep Gotti from being accused of nepotism.[99] John Jr. was promptly promoted to capo.[29] Assault
Assault
acquittal[edit] On the evening of January 23, 1989, Gotti was arrested outside the Ravenite and charged with ordering the 1986 assault of labor union official John O'Connor.[100] O'Connor, a leader in the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America Local 608 who was later convicted of racketeering himself,[101] was believed to have ordered an attack on a Gambino-associated restaurant that had snubbed the union and was subsequently shot and wounded by the Westies.[100] To link Gotti to the case, state prosecutors had a recording of Gotti discussing O'Connor and announcing his intention to "bust him up," and the testimony of Westies
Westies
gangster James McElroy.[102] Gotti was released on $100,000 bail, and was later acquitted at trial.[103] It later emerged, however, that FBI
FBI
bugs had apparently caught Gotti discussing plans to fix the jury as he had in the 1986-87 racketeering case. However, to the outrage of Manhattan
Manhattan
District Attorney Robert Morgenthau
Robert Morgenthau
and state organized crime task force chief Ronald Goldstock, the FBI
FBI
and federal prosecutors chose not to reveal this information to them. Morgenthau later said that had he known about these bugged conversations, he would have asked for a mistrial.[104] 1992 conviction[edit] On December 11, 1990, FBI
FBI
agents and NYPD
NYPD
detectives raided the Ravenite, arresting Gotti, Gravano and Frank Locascio. In the back of the police car, Gotti remarked, "I bet ya three-to-one I beat this".[105] Federal prosecutors charged Gotti, in this new racketeering case, with five murders (Castellano, Bilotti, DiBernardo, Liborio Milito and Louis Dibono), conspiracy to murder Gaetano "Corky" Vastola, loansharking, illegal gambling, obstruction of justice, bribery and tax evasion.[106][107] Based on tapes from FBI
FBI
bugs played at pretrial hearings, the Gambino administration was denied bail. At the same time, attorneys Cutler and Gerald Shargel were disqualified from defending Gotti and Gravano after prosecutors successfully contended they were "part of the evidence" and thus liable to be called as witnesses. Prosecutors argued that Cutler and Shargel not only knew about potential criminal activity, but had worked as "in-house counsel" for the Gambino family.[108][109] Gotti subsequently hired Albert Krieger, a Miami
Miami
attorney who had worked with Joseph Bonanno, to replace Cutler.[110][111] The tapes also created a rift between Gotti and Gravano, showing the Gambino boss describing his newly appointed underboss as too greedy and attempting to frame Gravano as the main force behind the murders of DiBernardo, Milito and Dibono.[112][113] Gotti's attempt at reconciliation failed,[114] leaving Gravano disillusioned with the mob and doubtful on his chances of winning his case without Shargel, his former attorney.[115][116] Gravano ultimately opted to turn state's evidence, formally agreeing to testify on November 13, 1991.[117] Gotti and Locascio were tried in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York before District Judge I. Leo Glasser. Jury selection began in January 1992 with an anonymous jury and, for the first time in a Brooklyn
Brooklyn
federal case, fully sequestered during the trial due to Gotti's reputation for jury tampering.[118][119] The trial commenced with the prosecution's opening statements on February 12;[120][121] prosecutors Andrew Maloney and John Gleeson began their case by playing tapes showing Gotti discussing Gambino family business, including murders he approved, and confirming the animosity between Gotti and Castellano to establish the former's motive to kill his boss.[122] After calling an eyewitness of the Sparks hit who identified Carneglia as one of the men who shot Bilotti, they then brought Gravano to testify on March 2.[123][124][125] On the stand, Gravano confirmed Gotti's place in the structure of the Gambino family and described in detail the conspiracy to assassinate Castellano, giving a full description of the hit and its aftermath.[126] Krieger, and Locasio's attorney, Anthony Cardinale, proved unable to shake Gravano during cross-examination.[127][128] After additional testimony and tapes, the government rested its case on March 24.[129] Five of Krieger and Cardinale's intended six witnesses were ruled irrelevant or extraneous, leaving only Gotti's tax attorney Murray Appleman to testify on his behalf.[129][130] The defense also attempted unsuccessfully to have a mistrial declared based on Maloney's closing remarks.[131][132] Gotti himself became increasingly hostile during the trial,[133] and at one point, Glasser threatened to remove him from the courtroom.[129][134] Among other outbursts, Gotti called Gravano a junkie while his attorneys sought to discuss his past steroid use,[135][136] and equated the dismissal of a juror to the fixing of the 1919 World Series.[119][131] On April 2, 1992, after only fourteen hours of deliberation, the jury found Gotti guilty on all charges of the indictment (Locasio was found guilty on all but one). James Fox, director of the New York City
New York City
FBI, announced at a press conference, "The Teflon
Teflon
is gone. The don is covered with Velcro, and all the charges stuck."[137][138] On June 23, 1992, Glasser sentenced both defendants to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole and a $250,000 fine. Gotti surrendered to federal authorities to serve his prison time on December 14, 1992.[107][138][139] Incarceration and death[edit]

Last photo of John Gotti, taken by the Bureau of Prisons
Bureau of Prisons
on October 17, 2001

Gotti was incarcerated at the United States Penitentiary at Marion, Illinois. He spent the majority of his sentence in effective solitary confinement, only allowed out of his cell for one hour a day.[3][140] His final appeal was rejected by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1994.[141] On July 18, 1996, a fellow inmate named Walter Johnson punched Gotti in the prison recreation room, leaving him bruised and bleeding, because according to New York's Daily News, Gotti had disrespected him with a racial slur. According to the article, Gotti, desiring revenge, offered Aryan Brotherhood
Aryan Brotherhood
chieftains David Sahakian and Michael McElhiney somewhere between $40,000 and $400,000 USD
USD
to have Johnson killed. In August, McElhiney told two Brotherhood underlings to kill Johnson "if given the opportunity," according to a federal indictment charging him and thirty-nine other gang members with murder, attempted murder and racketeering. Johnson, however, was transferred to Supermax prison in Florence, Colorado.[142] Despite this, it was said that the Brotherhood never intended to do the hit for Gotti. Gotti is also believed to have hired the Brotherhood for another aborted hit on Locascio after learning the disgruntled acting consigliere sought to kill him.[143]

Photo of John Gotti
John Gotti
after he was beaten by a fellow inmate in July 1996.

Despite his imprisonment, and pressure from the Commission to stand down,[144] Gotti asserted his prerogative to retain his title as boss until his death or retirement, with his brother Peter and his son John Jr. relaying orders on his behalf.[145] By 1998, when he was indicted on racketeering, John Jr. was believed to be the acting boss of the family.[146] Against his father's wishes, John Jr. pled guilty and was sentenced to six years and five months imprisonment in 1999.[29][147] He maintains he has since left the Gambino family.[148] Peter Gotti subsequently became acting boss[149] and is believed to have formally succeeded his brother shortly before Gotti's death.[150] John Jr.'s indictment brought further stress to Gotti's marriage. Victoria DiGiorgio Gotti, up to that point unaware of her son's involvement in the Mafia, blamed her husband for ruining her son's life and threatened to leave him unless he allowed John Jr. to leave the mob.[12] In 1998, Gotti was diagnosed with throat cancer and sent to the United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners in Springfield, Missouri, for surgery.[151] While the tumor was removed, the cancer was discovered to have returned two years later and Gotti was transferred back to Springfield, where he spent the rest of his life.[152][153] Gotti's condition rapidly declined and he died on June 10, 2002, at the age of 61.[3][154] The Roman Catholic Diocese of Brooklyn announced that Gotti's family would not be permitted to have a Requiem Mass, but allowed a memorial Mass after the burial.[155] Gotti's funeral was held in a non-church facility. After the funeral, an estimated 300 onlookers followed the procession, which passed Gotti's Bergin Hunt and Fish Club, to the gravesite. Gotti's body was interred in a crypt next to his son, Frank. Gotti's brother, Peter, was unable to attend owing to his incarceration.[156] In an apparent repudiation of Gotti's leadership and legacy, the other New York City families sent no representatives to the funeral. By the turn of the century, due in large part to numerous prosecutions brought on as a result of Gotti's tactics, half of the family's active soldiers were in prison.[63] Portrayal in popular media[edit] As early as 1990, Gotti was already such a prominent mobster as to be the inspiration for the character Joey Zasa, portrayed by Joe Mantegna, in The Godfather Part III.[157] Following his conviction, Gotti himself has been portrayed in four TV movies and two theatrical films:

Getting Gotti
Getting Gotti
– 1994 CBS TV movie, portrayed by Anthony John Denison.[158] Gotti – 1996 HBO TV movie adapted from Gotti: Rise and Fall, portrayed by Armand Assante.[159] Witness to the Mob
Witness to the Mob
– 1998 NBC miniseries, portrayed by Tom Sizemore.[160] Boss of Bosses
Boss of Bosses
– 2001 TNT TV movie adapted from the book of the same name, portrayed by Sonny Marinelli.[161] Sinatra Club – 2010 theatrical film, portrayed by Danny Nucci.[162] Gotti – 2018 theatrical film, portrayed by John Travolta.[163][164]

Gotti also features in the fourth episode of UK history TV channel Yesterday's documentary series Mafia's Greatest Hits. The crime documentary series Mugshots aired an episode, "John Gotti: End of the Sicilians", filmed in Sicily
Sicily
and Brooklyn, featuring court wiretaps and undercover footage of Gotti's mob.[165][166] Growing up Gotti, a reality show on the A&E Network featuring John Gotti's daughter Victoria and her three sons, aired in 2004-2005. Gotti has also been mentioned in various rap songs by artists such as 21 Savage, House of Pain, The Notorious B.I.G, Lil' Wayne, Dr. Dre, Jay-Z, The Game, 50 Cent, Insane Clown Posse, Nas, Big L, Spice 1, Rick Ross, Fat Joe, Kollegah, Kool G Rap, Kevin Gates, Ace Hood, MC Chris and rappers such as Irv Gotti, Yo Gotti
Yo Gotti
and Stefflon Don[167] derived their stage names after Gotti. The Fun Lovin' Criminals
Fun Lovin' Criminals
song "King of New York" from their album Come Find Yourself
Come Find Yourself
references Gotti. Notes[edit]

^ "10 Unbelievable Facts About John Gotti". The List Love. 25 March 2015.  ^ Philip Carlo, Gaspipe: Confessions of a Mafia Boss, 2008. Page 134. ^ a b c d Selwyn Raab (June 11, 2002). " John Gotti
John Gotti
Dies in Prison at 61; Mafia Boss Relished the Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2011.  ^ a b Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 25–26 ^ a b Rashbaum, William (June 5, 2002). "U.S. Indicts Gottis, Saying They Operated Dock Rackets". The New York Times. Retrieved October 4, 2011.  ^ a b c d Davis, p. 185 ^ "Gotti's Family". Newsday. Retrieved January 13, 2012.  ^ Hinckley, David (March 23, 2008). "Banned thug Vincent Gotti finally made it to crime time, then feds nabbed him". New York Daily News. Retrieved October 4, 2011.  ^ a b c d Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 27–29 ^ a b Selwyn Raab (April 2, 1989). "JOHN GOTTI RUNNING THE MOB". The New York Times. Retrieved February 19, 2011.  ^ Davis, p. 69 ^ a b c "Gotti: Our Father, the Godfather". 48 Hours. CBS News. September 26, 2009. Retrieved October 31, 2011.  ^ a b Hampson, Rick (June 11, 2002). " John Gotti
John Gotti
dies with his legacy in ruins". USA Today. Retrieved February 10, 2012.  ^ Mustain, Gene; Capeci, Jerry. Mob Star: The Story of John Gotti. Alpha Books and Penguin Group.  ^ Raab, p. 352 ^ a b c Raab, p. 354 ^ Raab, p. 606 ^ Raab, p. 354. ^ Davis, pp. 155–157 ^ Davis, p. 158 ^ Raab, p. 356. ^ Davis, pp. 159–160 ^ Mitchel Maddux; Jeremy Olshan (April 13, 2011). "Nomerta! Mafia boss a squealer". New York Post. Retrieved October 30, 2011.  ^ Raab, p. 608 ^ Davis, pp. 176–177 ^ a b Davis, pp. 188–189 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 62 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 69–70 ^ a b c d "Gotti Jr. on Living and Leaving a Life of Crime". 60 Minutes. CBS News. April 11, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ Sanderson, Bill (July 12, 2015). " John Gotti
John Gotti
killed mobster played by Joe Pesci in 'Goodfellas'". New York Post.  ^ ‘The Lufthansa Heist’ goes inside the daring $6M caper ^ a b " John Gotti
John Gotti
Neighbor Was Dissolved in Acid, Court Papers Reveal". Fox News. Associated Press. January 9, 2009. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ Davis, pp. 190–191 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 66–67 ^ Davis, p 192 ^ Davis, p. 286 ^ a b "Trial and Terror: A victim's memory is mugged". Time. Time Inc. 127 (14). 1986. Retrieved February 25, 2011.  ^ a b Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 88–89 ^ Davis, p. 187 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 61 ^ a b Davis, p. 216 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 77 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 79–80 ^ a b Davis, p 238 ^ Davis, p 204 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 82–83 ^ Davis, pp. 254–255 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 91 ^ a b Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 92–96 ^ a b Raab, p. 375. ^ Maas, p. 315 ^ a b Davis, pp. 263–266 ^ a b Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 97 ^ Maas, pp. 321–322 ^ Davis, pp. 272–273 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 102–104 ^ Raab, p. 377-378. ^ Davis, p. 282 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 115 ^ "Hitting The Mafia". Time. Time Inc. 128 (13). 1986. Retrieved February 26, 2011.  ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 111 ^ Susan Heller Anderson; David W. Dunlap (December 30, 1985). "NEW YORK DAY BY DAY; Seeking Castellano's Killers". The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2012.  ^ a b Raab, p. 467 ^ Maas, p. 452 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 134–135 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 122–124 ^ Raab, p. 386. ^ a b Raab, pp. 473–476 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 139–140 ^ Raab, p. 385 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 142–143 ^ Raab, p. 390 ^ Maas, p. 351 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 159 ^ Raab, p. 392 ^ a b Buder, Leonard (March 14, 1987). "GOTTI IS AQUITTED [sic] IN CONSPIRACY CASE INVOLVING THE MOB". The New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2011. John Gotti
John Gotti
was acquitted of Federal racketeering and conspiracy charges yesterday  ^ a b Lubasch, Arnold (November 7, 1992). "Juror Is Convicted of Selling Vote to Gotti". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ a b Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 173–175 ^ Davis, 306–307 ^ a b Raab, p. 394 ^ Buder, Leonard (March 18, 1987). "JUDGE FINDS GOTTI PROSECUTORS DID NOT ASK A WITNESS TO LIE". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Feuer, Alan (May 5, 2000). "Jury-Fixing Case Dropped After Arrest of Gravano". The New York Times. Retrieved November 12, 2014.  ^ Raab, p. 397 ^ Raab, p. 399 ^ Buder, Leonard (December 23, 1987). "4 Convicted at Mob Trial in Brooklyn". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Buder, Leonard (June 2, 1987). "THREE DEFIED DRUG-DEALING BAN BY GAMBINO FAMILY, JURY IS TOLD". The New York Times. Retrieved October 9, 2011.  ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 195–196 ^ Raab, p. 405 ^ Maas, pp. 415–416 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 230 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 225 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 232 ^ a b c Raab, pp. 417–418 ^ a b c Raab, pp. 407–409 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 198 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 199–200 ^ Zambito, Thomas (November 17, 2004). "Don's Long Shadow Creeping into Trial of Brother". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 7, 2012.  ^ Zambito, Thomas (November 22, 2004). "Gentler Gotti Is Undapper Don". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 7, 2012.  ^ a b Gearty, Robert (August 24, 2005). "Rat Squeals & Jr. Whimpers". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 13, 2012.  ^ a b Raab, Selwyn (January 24, 1989). "Gotti Is Seized In '86 Shooting of Union Chief". The New York Times. Retrieved February 14, 2012.  ^ Raab, Selwyn (July 6, 1990). "Ex-Union Official Convicted of Racketeering". The New York Times. Retrieved February 16, 2012.  ^ Raab, pp. 410–412 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 262 ^ Raab, pp. 443-445 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 374–376 ^ Davis, pp. 370–371 ^ a b "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Appellee, v. FRANK LOCASCIO, and JOHN GOTTI, Defendants-Appellants". ispn.org. United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. October 8, 1993. Retrieved March 9, 2012.  ^ Davis, pp. 372, 375–376 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 391, 397 ^ Davis, p. 384 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 400–401 ^ Davis, pp. 426–427 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 384–388 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 389–390 ^ Davis, p. 399 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 393 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 413 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 417 ^ a b Arnold H. Lubasch (April 1, 1992). "Deliberations Set to Start in Gotti's Rackets Trial". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 422 ^ Arnold H. Lubasch (February 13, 1992). "Prosecution in Gotti Trial To Stress Secret Tapes". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ Davis, pp. 412–421 ^ Davis, pp. 421–422, 428 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 425–426 ^ Arnold H. Lubasch (February 27, 1992). "Witness Describes Scene at Murder of Castellano". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2011.  ^ Davis, pp. 428–444 ^ Davis, pp. 444–454 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 427–431 ^ a b c Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 432–433. ^ Davis, pp. 461–462 ^ a b Davis, pp. 468–470 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 434–435 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 421–423 ^ Davis, pp. 457–458 ^ Davis, p. 453 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 431 ^ Davis, p. 475 ^ a b Capeci, Mustain (1996), pp. 435–437 ^ Davis, pp. 486–487 ^ Capeci, Mustain (1996), p. 439 ^ Raab, p. 455 ^ Kates, Brian (November 3, 2002). "Gotti Used Brotherhood For Revenge on Attacker". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 6, 2012.  ^ Jerry Capeci; Greg B. Smith (September 9, 1998). "Gotti Under Fire Feds Say He Wanted Pal Slain in Prison". New York Daily News. Retrieved February 16, 2012.  ^ Selwyn Raab (October 26, 1996). "Mafia Seeks To Oust Gotti, Officials Say". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Arnold H. Lubasch (September 16, 1992). "Gotti Is Still Crime Boss, U.S. Asserts". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Benjamin Weiser (January 22, 1998). "U.S. Charges John Gotti
John Gotti
Jr. With Extortion". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ David W. Chen (September 4, 1999). "Younger Gotti Is Sentenced To Six Years". The New York Times. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Alison Gendar (January 16, 2010). "John 'Junior' Gotti finds new calling – writing true crime stories". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Lombardi, John (May 21, 2005). "The Dumbest Don". New York Magazine. Retrieved January 8, 2012.  ^ Marzulli, John (June 5, 2002). "Nab Newest Gambino Crime Boss". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 11, 2012.  ^ Greg B. Smith and Jerry Capeci (September 24, 1998). "THROAT CANCER SURGERY FOR GOTTI". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 28, 2012.  ^ Mike Claffey and Greg B. Smith (September 29, 2000). "THROAT CANCER HITS GOTTI AGAIN TUMOR DISCOVERED IN PRISON CHECKUP". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 28, 2012.  ^ "'Dapper Don' John Gotti
John Gotti
dead". CNN. June 11, 2002. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Corky Siemaszko (June 11, 2002). "JOHN GOTTI DIES OF CANCER AT 61 Mob boss last of the colorful old gangsters". New York Daily News. Retrieved March 5, 2011.  ^ Dobnik, Verena (October 11, 2001). "Hundreds at John Gotti
John Gotti
Wake". CBS News. Associated Press. Retrieved March 11, 2012.  ^ Dakss, Brian (June 15, 2002). "Final Farewell To Gotti". CBS News. Retrieved February 14, 2011.  ^ Gleiberman, Owen (January 11, 1991). "The Godfather III (1990)". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 4, 2012.  ^ Hiltbrand, David (May 9, 1994). "Picks and Pans Review: Getting Gotti". People. 41 (17). Retrieved January 6, 2012.  ^ Slewinski, Christy (August 11, 1996). "Understanding 'Gotti'". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 6, 2012.  ^ Mustain, Gene (May 10, 1998). " Teflon
Teflon
Don Gored by the Bull". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 6, 2012.  ^ Gallo, Phil (May 31, 2001). "Boss of Bosses". Variety. Retrieved January 6, 2012.  ^ IMDb: Sinatra Club (2010) ^ [1] ^ Szalai, Georg (April 12, 2011). "John Travolta: 'Gotti' Movie Is America's 'Most Interesting Untold Story'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 6, 2012.  ^ "Watch "Mugshots Ep 10 John Gotti" Full Episode Free Snagfilms". SnagFilms. Retrieved 20 April 2017.  ^ " FilmRise
FilmRise
MUGSHOTS: John Gotti
John Gotti
– End of the Sicilians". FilmRise. Retrieved 20 April 2017.  ^ Bartee, Richardine (December 16, 2016). "Hear "Real Ting": A new mixtape by Stefflon Don". GrungeCake. Retrieved February 23, 2017. 

References[edit]

Blum, Howard. Gangland : How The FBI
FBI
Broke the Mob. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1993. ISBN 0-671-68758-1 Capeci, Jerry and Gene Mustain. Mob Star: The Story of John Gotti. New York: Penguin, 1988. ISBN 0-02-864416-6 Capeci, Jerry and Gene Mustain. Gotti: Rise and Fall. New York: Onyx, 1996. ISBN 0-451-40681-8 Davis, John H. Mafia Dynasty: The Rise and Fall of the Gambino Crime Family. New York: HarperCollins, 1993. ISBN 0-06-109184-7 Maas, Peter. Underboss: Sammy the Bull Gravano's Story of Life in the Mafia. New York, N.Y.: HarperPaperbacks, 1997. ISBN 0-06-109664-4. Raab, Selwyn. Five Families: The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empires. London: Robson Books, 2006. ISBN 1-86105-952-3

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Gotti.

John Gotti
John Gotti
– Biography.com John Gotti: How We Made the Charges Stick – Federal Bureau of Investigation "John Gotti". Find a Grave. Retrieved July 15, 2013.  John Gotti
John Gotti
Death

American Mafia

Preceded by Paul Castellano Gambino crime family Boss 1985–2002 Succeeded by Peter "Petey Boy" Gotti

Preceded by Paul Castellano Capo di tutti capi Boss of bosses 1985–2002 Succeeded by Joseph Massino

v t e

Gambino crime family

Bosses

Salvatore D'Aquila Manfredi Mineo Francesco Scalice Vincenzo Mangano Albert Anastasia Carlo Gambino Paul Castellano John Gotti Peter Gotti Domenico Cefalu Frank Cali

Current members

Carmine Agnello Thomas Cacciopoli John Carneglia Pasquale Conte Joseph Corozzo Nicholas Corozzo Jackie D'Amico George DeCicco Leonard DiMaria John Gambino Rosario Gambino Thomas Gambino Gene Gotti Richard G. Gotti Richard V. Gotti Stephen Grammauta Joseph Juliano Frank LoCascio Salvatore LoCascio Daniel Marino Richard Martino Ralph Mosca Dominick Pizzonia Louis Ricco Carmine Sciandra Arnold Squitieri Ronnie Trucchio Louis Vallario

Past members

Made men

Thomas Agro Anthony Anastasio Joseph Armone Stephen Armone Thomas Bilotti Joseph Biondo Bartholomew Boriello Samuel Corsaro Frank DeCicco Aniello Dellacroce Roy DeMeo Gregory DePalma Robert DiBernardo James Failla Carmine Fatico Anthony Gaggi Joseph N. Gallo John A. Gotti Carmine Lombardozzi Joseph LoPiccolo Philip Mangano Anthony Megale Joseph Paruta Frank Piccolo Thomas Principe George Remini Angelo Ruggiero Salvatore Scala Anthony Scotto James Squillante Anthony Trentacosta William Bentvena

Associates

Frank Abbandando Jr. Frank Amato Frank James Burke Frank Carrone James Coonan Michael DeBatt Richard DiNome Louis Facciolo Louis Ferrante Eddie Garafola Edward Grillo Ronald Jerothe Richard Kuklinski Nicholas Mormando Tony Rampino Chris Rosenberg Nicholas Scibetta Augustus Sclafani Joseph Scorney Reuben Sturman

Informants

John Alite Primo Cassarino Michael DiLeonardo Frederick DiNome Salvatore Gravano Joseph Iannuzzi Wilfred Johnson Andrei Katz Dominick LoFaro Dominick Montiglio Joseph Vollaro

Factions and crews

Active

Ozone Park Boys

Defunct

DeMeo crew Baltimore Crew

Family events

FBI
FBI
operations

Operation Jack Falcone (2002-2005) Operation Old Bridge (2008)

Hearings

Kefauver Committee (1950–1951) Valachi hearings (1963)

Social clubs

Bergin Hunt and Fish Club Ravenite Social Club The Plaza Suite

Trials

Pizza Connection Trial (1985-1986) Mafia Commission Trial
Mafia Commission Trial
(1985-1986) Window Case (1991)

Wars

Castellammarese War (1929–1931)

Relation to other groups

Allies

Lucchese family Genovese family Bonanno family Colombo family Westies

v t e

Italian American Mafia

List of Mafia crime families Mafia bibliography

Families

Five Families
Five Families
of New York City

Bonanno

Calabrian group Motion Lounge crew Sicilian group

Colombo

Gallo crew (defunct)

Gambino

Baltimore Crew DeMeo crew Ozone Park Boys

Genovese

116th Street Crew Broadway Mob Greenwich Village Crew New Jersey
New Jersey
faction

Lucchese

The Jersey Crew Tanglewood Boys The Vario Crew

East Coast

Buffalo DeCavalcante (Northern New Jersey) Patriarca (New England) Philadelphia Pittsburgh Trafficante (Florida)

Midwestern/Western

Chicago Cleveland Detroit Kansas City Los Angeles Milwaukee St. Louis

Mostly defunct

Bufalino (Northeastern Pennsylvania) Dallas Denver Genna (Chicago) Houston Lanzetta (Philadelphia) Morello (Italian Harlem) New Orleans Rochester San Francisco San Jose Seattle

Structure

Chain of command

The Commission Boss Underboss Consigliere Caporegime Soldato

Members (made men)

List of Italian-American
Italian-American
mobsters List of Italian-American
Italian-American
mobsters by organization

Terms

Initiation ceremony Made man Bagman Black Hand

Black Hand in Chicago

Vendetta Capo dei capi
Capo dei capi
(boss of bosses) Mustache Pete Omertà One way ride Sixth Family Zips

Events

Meetings

Atlantic City Conference (1929) Havana Conference
Havana Conference
(1946) Apalachin Meeting (1957) Palermo Mafia summit (1957)

Hearings

Kefauver Committee (1950–1951) Valachi hearings (1963)

Wars

Mafia–Camorra War (1914–1917) Castellammarese War (1929–1931)

Trials

Pizza Connection Trial (1985–1987) Mafia Commission Trial
Mafia Commission Trial
(1985–1986)

Closely related and affiliated organizations

Active

Camorra Commisso 'ndrina Cotroni crime family The Corporation or Cuban Mafia Cuntrera-Caruana Mafia clan Inzerillo Mafia clan Jewish Mafia Luppino crime family Musitano crime family 'Ndrangheta Papalia crime family Philadelphia Greek Mob Rizzuto crime family Sacra Corona Unita Sicilian Mafia Siderno Group South Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Boys Stidda Unione Corse Velentzas crime family Winter Hill Gang

Defunct

Broadway Mob (Originally Jewish and Italian; absorbed by Genovese family) The Bugs and Meyer Mob (Jewish, absorbed by Murder Inc.) Bumpy Johnson
Bumpy Johnson
gang New York Camorra Cohen crime family
Cohen crime family
(Both an American Mafia
American Mafia
and Jewish Mafia
Jewish Mafia
family) The Council Dutch Schultz
Dutch Schultz
Mob East Harlem Purple Gang (Semi-independent, most closely affiliated with Genovese family) Five Points Gang Forty-Two Gang Italian-American
Italian-American
National Union Marat Balagula gang (Russian Mafia, affiliated with Lucchese) Murder, Inc.
Murder, Inc.
(Italian and Jewish, closely affiliated with or part of the American Mafia) National Crime Syndicate (Mostly Italian and Jewish) Rudaj Organization (Albanian mafia) The Tanglewood Boys (Semi-independent Italian-American
Italian-American
gang, affiliated with Lucchese family) Westies
Westies
(largely defunct)

Other topics

Government operations

Collaborations between the United States government and Italian Mafia Operation Family Secrets Operation Old Bridge Operation Solare Operation Underworld Operation Wasteland

Crimes

French Connection Hired Truck Program Lufthansa heist Saint Valentine's Day Massacre

Related articles

Barrel murder Buster from Chicago Cement shoes Shotgun Man

Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 20484666 LCCN: n88117456 ISNI: 0000 0000 1350 6060 GND: 11917037X SUDOC: 035295589 BNF: cb1317

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