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 Jinhua (help·info), is a prefecture-level city in central Zhejiang
Zhejiang
province in eastern China. It borders the provincial capital of Hangzhou
Hangzhou
to the northwest, Quzhou
Quzhou
to the southwest, Lishui
Lishui
to the south, Taizhou to the east, and Shaoxing
Shaoxing
to the northeast. Its population was 5,361,572 at the 2010 census including 1,077,245 in the built-up area made of two urban districts (not including the satellite city of Lanxi, which has become essentially a suburban offshoot of Jinhua's main urban area). The cities of Dongyang
Dongyang
and Yiwu
Yiwu
are under the jurisdiction of the prefecture-level city of Jinhua
Jinhua
in the strict administrative sense, these two cities make up the contiguous Yiwu- Dongyang
Dongyang
metropolitan region, with a built-up area of 2,038,413 inhabitants, which is bigger than that of the urban center of Jinhua
Jinhua
itself. Jinhua
Jinhua
is rich in red soil and forest resources. The Jinhua
Jinhua
or Wu River flows through the Lan and Fuchun to the Qiantang River
Qiantang River
beside Hangzhou, which flows into Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay and the East China
China
Sea. In medieval China, it formed part of the water network feeding supplies to the southern end of the Grand Canal. It is best known for its dry-cured Jinhua
Jinhua
ham.

Contents

1 History and culture 2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Administrative divisions 4 Economy

4.1 Industry

4.1.1 Handicrafts

5 Transportation 6 Landmarks 7 References 8 External links

History and culture[edit] The history of Jinhua
Jinhua
dates back to the 2nd century BC, when it was a county subordinate to Shaoxing. It was given the name Jinhua under the Sui dynasty
Sui dynasty
in AD 598 and later became the seat of a prefecture. The present city and its walls date to the time of the Mongol emperors in 1352. The most famous native of Jinhua
Jinhua
is Huang Chuping, a Daoist holy man of the 4th century and reputed immortal whose descendants still live in the area. Wuyang Shan ("Reclining Sheep Mountain") is said to be a sheep which was turned to stone by Huang, a trick which he learned through his years of diligently studying Daoism.[citation needed] Economically Jinhua
Jinhua
has always prospered from its position as the regional collecting and processing center for agricultural and forestry products (chiefly rice and bamboo). It is currently the second most important grain producing area in Zhejiang. In 1985 Jinhua was promoted to City status, and now is responsible for administering four cities, four counties and a district. Animals raised there include dairy cattle, meat hogs (for the production of Jinhua
Jinhua
ham, a famous local product for 900 years) and honeybees. Jinhua's industrial sector has developed more recently, producing machinery, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, building supplies and electrical and electronic equipment. The Tang dynasty
Tang dynasty
painter Guan Xiu[2] (Kuan-hsiu) was born in Jinhua. He is known for his paintings of Buddhist holy men. There are numerous scenic and historical sites in the Jinhua
Jinhua
region, including many places associated with the Immortal Huang, and a palace of the Dukes of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. Geography[edit]

Jinhua
Jinhua
in the Yangtze River Delta

Jinhua
Jinhua
is located at latitudes 28° 32'−29° 41' N and longitudes 119° 14'−120° 46' E in the center of Zhejiang. It borders Hangzhou to the northwest, Quzhou
Quzhou
to the southwest, Lishui
Lishui
to the south, Taizhou to the east, and Shaoxing
Shaoxing
to the northeast. Climate[edit] Jinhua
Jinhua
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinctive seasons, characterised by hot, humid summers and chilly, cloudy and drier winters (with occasional snow). The mean annual temperature is 17.33 °C (63.2 °F), with monthly daily averages ranging from 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July. The city receives an average annual rainfall of 1,450 millimetres (57.1 in) and is affected by the plum rains of the Asian monsoon in June, when average relative humidity also peaks.

Climate data for Jinhua
Jinhua
(1971−2000)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 24.3 (75.7) 27.4 (81.3) 32.6 (90.7) 32.9 (91.2) 36.4 (97.5) 37.5 (99.5) 40.5 (104.9) 39.3 (102.7) 39.6 (103.3) 35.3 (95.5) 31.3 (88.3) 23.8 (74.8) 40.5 (104.9)

Average high °C (°F) 9.1 (48.4) 10.9 (51.6) 14.8 (58.6) 21.7 (71.1) 26.5 (79.7) 29.2 (84.6) 33.8 (92.8) 33.5 (92.3) 28.5 (83.3) 23.6 (74.5) 17.9 (64.2) 12.3 (54.1) 21.8 (71.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2 (41.4) 6.8 (44.2) 10.7 (51.3) 17.1 (62.8) 21.8 (71.2) 25.1 (77.2) 29.0 (84.2) 28.6 (83.5) 24.1 (75.4) 18.9 (66) 13.2 (55.8) 7.4 (45.3) 17.3 (63.1)

Average low °C (°F) 2.2 (36) 3.7 (38.7) 7.3 (45.1) 13.3 (55.9) 18.2 (64.8) 21.9 (71.4) 25.3 (77.5) 24.9 (76.8) 20.8 (69.4) 15.3 (59.5) 9.4 (48.9) 3.8 (38.8) 13.8 (56.9)

Record low °C (°F) −9.6 (14.7) −8.9 (16) −1.6 (29.1) 0.6 (33.1) 8.7 (47.7) 13.3 (55.9) 18.8 (65.8) 18.6 (65.5) 13.1 (55.6) 2.4 (36.3) −2.7 (27.1) −6.8 (19.8) −9.6 (14.7)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 71.5 (2.815) 91.6 (3.606) 160.1 (6.303) 168.9 (6.65) 186.6 (7.346) 258.5 (10.177) 129.5 (5.098) 109.1 (4.295) 103.1 (4.059) 68.9 (2.713) 55.9 (2.201) 47.9 (1.886) 1,451.6 (57.149)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 13.4 14.5 18.5 17.1 16.1 16.5 12.4 11.9 11.2 9.6 8.2 8.6 158.0

Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions[edit] The prefecture-level city of Jinhua
Jinhua
administers 9 county-level divisions, including 2 districts, 4 county-level cities and 3 counties.

Map

Wucheng Jindong Wuyi County Pujiang County Pan'an County Lanxi (city) Yiwu (city) Dongyang (city) Yongkang (city)

Subdivision Simplified Chinese Pinyin

Wucheng District 婺城区 Wùchéng Qū

Jindong District 金东区 Jīndōng Qū

Lanxi 兰溪市 Lánxī Shì

Yongkang 永康市 Yǒngkāng Shì

Yiwu 义乌市 Yìwū Shì

Dongyang 东阳市 Dōngyáng Shì

Wuyi County 武义县 Wǔyì Xiàn

Pujiang County 浦江县 Pǔjiāng Xiàn

Pan'an County 磐安县 Pán'ān Xiàn

These are further divided into 191 township-level divisions, including 107 towns, 73 townships and 11 subdistricts. Economy[edit] Jinhua
Jinhua
has a rather flexible economic system with distinctive economic characteristics in different areas. 90% of enterprises are in and about 88% of its GDP
GDP
are from private sector.[citation needed] Industry[edit]

A bus made by the local Jinhua Youngman Vehicle
Jinhua Youngman Vehicle
factory.

Jinhua
Jinhua
enjoys an advanced civilian-owned economy, with its industry mainly supported by processing and manufacturing. Leading industries of the city include clothing and textile, mechanics and electronics, pharmacy and chemistry, manufacturing crafts, metalwork processing architecture and building materials, automobile-and-motorcycle accessories, food processing, and plastic ware.[citation needed] Industries are distributed with different characteristics in different counties or county-level cities. For instance, Yiwu
Yiwu
is characterized by its light-industry commodities, Yongkang by its automobile-and-motorcycle accessories and mechanical and electric tools, Dongyang
Dongyang
by its clothing, architecture and magnetic materials, the Jinhua
Jinhua
Proper by its pharmacy, construction materials and industrial measures, Lanxi by its non-ferrous metal, cement, towels and daily chemicals, and Pujiang by its textile, lockmaking, and lantern ornaments of crystals.[citation needed] Handicrafts[edit] Traditional handicrafts have been flourishing in Jinhua. The wood carving and bamboo weaving in Dongyang, the straw plaiting, lace purling and crystals carving in Pujiang, and the hardware crafts in Yongkang, all enjoy a long history of development and the products sell well both abroad and at home.[citation needed] Transportation[edit] Jinhua
Jinhua
is approximately three hours by car from Shanghai. There is also the G-train (Gaotie, high-speed train) that takes approximately 1.5 hours. It is about four hours by ordinary train.

Jinhua
Jinhua
Railway Station

Jinhua
Jinhua
enjoys convenient transportation, being the communications center in southeast China
China
between coastal and inland areas. It is one of the major hubs of landway transportation in the country. The Zhejiang-Jiangxi, Jinhua- Wenzhou
Wenzhou
and Jinhua- Qiandaohu
Qiandaohu
railways intersect in the city. The Hangzhou-Jinhua- Quzhou
Quzhou
Expressway, the Jinhua-Lishui- Wenzhou
Wenzhou
Expressway, the No. 330 and 320 National Highways, and other provincial highroads traverse the area. The city aggregation around Jinhua
Jinhua
Proper has formed a "Half-an-Hour's-Ride Economic Circle", there being merely a 90-minute and a 3-hour journey driving from the city to Hangzhou
Hangzhou
and Shanghai
Shanghai
respectively. Yiwu
Yiwu
Airport offers airlines destined for Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Xiamen, Qingdao, and Hong Kong. Landmarks[edit] Jinhua
Jinhua
Architecture Park, a collection of 17 pavilions designed by Chinese and international architects, set on the banks of the Yiwu River. China's Wuju opera theatre,mainly for opera, ballet, drama, concerts, variety show comprehensive cultural facilities, is one of the landmark building of jinhua city. It is located in Jinhua
Jinhua
city east city south street, west of bing rainbow Jin Huajiang north of east road, yiwu, jiang Wu Yijiang sanjiang interchange Dovetail State Park area References[edit]

^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-zhejiang-admin.php ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-26. Retrieved 2011-04-15. 

External links[edit]

Government website of Jinhua
Jinhua
(in Chinese) Government website of Jinhua(in English) Jinhua
Jinhua
First Social Welfare Institute (orphanage) The Jinhua
Jinhua
Swine, breeds of livestock

v t e

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
topics

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Huangyajian Peak Mount Mogan Tiantai Mountain Yangtze Delta Grand Canal of China Qiantang River Oujiang River Zhoushan
Zhoushan
Island Hangzhou
Hangzhou
Bay

Education

Zhejiang
Zhejiang
University Zhejiang
Zhejiang
University of Technology Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Normal University Shaoxing
Shaoxing
University

Culture

Wuyue culture Wu Chinese

Taihu Wu

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
dialect Ningbo
Ningbo
dialect

Wenzhou
Wenzhou
dialect

( Rui'an
Rui'an
dialect)

Jinhua
Jinhua
dialect Quzhou
Quzhou
dialect

Southern Min

Zhenan Min

Shaoxing
Shaoxing
opera

Cuisine

Longjing tea Shaoxing
Shaoxing
wine

Visitor attractions

Baoguo Temple Mount Putuo Tomb of Yu the Great Mount Tiantai Qiandao Lake Guoqing Temple

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Province

Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(capital)

Sub-provincial cities

Hangzhou

Gongshu District Shangcheng District Xiacheng District Jianggan District Xihu District Binjiang District Yuhang District Xiaoshan District Fuyang District Lin'an District Jiande
Jiande
City Tonglu County Chun'an County

Ningbo

Haishu District Jiangbei District Beilun District Zhenhai District Yinzhou District Fenghua District Cixi City Yuyao
Yuyao
City Ninghai County Xiangshan County

Prefecture-level cities

Wenzhou

Lucheng District Longwan District Ouhai District Dongtou District Rui'an
Rui'an
City Yueqing
Yueqing
City Yongjia County Wencheng County Pingyang County Taishun County Cangnan County

Jiaxing

Nanhu District Xiuzhou District Pinghu
Pinghu
City Haining
Haining
City Tongxiang
Tongxiang
City Jiashan County Haiyan County

Huzhou

Wuxing District Nanxun District Changxing County Deqing County Anji County

Shaoxing

Yuecheng District Keqiao District Shangyu District Zhuji
Zhuji
City Shengzhou City Xinchang County

Jinhua

Wucheng District Jindong District Lanxi City Yongkang City Yiwu
Yiwu
City Dongyang
Dongyang
City Wuyi County Pujiang County Pan'an County

Quzhou

Kecheng District Qujiang District Jiangshan
Jiangshan
City Changshan County Kaihua County Longyou County

Zhoushan

Dinghai District Putuo District Daishan County Shengsi County

Taizhou

Jiaojiang District Huangyan District Luqiao District Linhai
Linhai
City Wenling
Wenling
City Yuhuan
Yuhuan
City Sanmen County Tiantai County Xianju County

Lishui

Liandu District Longquan
Longquan
City Jinyun County Qingtian County Yunhe County Suichang County Songyang County Qingyuan County Jingning Autonomous County

v t e

Jinhua– Wenzhou
Wenzhou
railway

(← Zhejiang– Jiangxi
Jiangxi
railway) Jinhua
Jinhua
South Wuyi Yongkang Jinyun Lishui Qingtian Wenzhou

Connecting Railway Ningbo–Taizhou– Wenzhou
Wenzhou
railway

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157213987 GN

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