Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American singer,
songwriter, dancer, and actress. Known for sonically innovative,
socially conscious and sexually provocative records, and elaborate
stage shows, she has been a prominent figure in popular culture for
over thirty years.
The youngest child of the Jackson family, she began her career with
the variety television series
The Jacksons in 1976 and went on to
appear in other television shows throughout the 1970s and early 1980s,
Good Times and Fame. After signing a recording contract with
A&M Records in 1982, she became a pop icon following the release
of her third studio album
Control (1986). Her collaborations with
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis incorporated elements of
rhythm and blues, funk, disco, rap and industrial beats, which led to
crossover success in popular music.
In 1991 Jackson signed the first of two record-breaking
multimillion-dollar contracts with Virgin Records, establishing her as
one of the highest-paid artists in the industry. Her subsequent fifth
Janet (1993) saw her develop a public image as a sex symbol as
she began to explore sexuality in her music. That same year, she
appeared in her first starring film role in Poetic Justice; she has
since continued to act in feature films. By the end of the 1990s, she
was named by Billboard magazine as the second most successful
recording artist of the decade after Mariah Carey. Her seventh album
All for You (2001) coincided with a celebration of her impact on the
recording industry as the inaugural
MTV Icon. After parting ways with
Virgin Records, she released her tenth album Discipline (2008), her
first and only album with Island Records. In 2015, she partnered with
BMG Rights Management
BMG Rights Management to launch her own record label, Rhythm Nation,
and released her eleventh album Unbreakable the same year.
Having sold over 100 million records, Jackson is one of the
best-selling artists in the history of contemporary music. She
has amassed an extensive catalog, with singles such as "Nasty",
"Rhythm Nation", "That's the Way Love Goes", "Together Again" and "All
for You"; she holds the record for the most consecutive top-ten
entries on the US
Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100 singles chart by a female artist
with 18. In 2008, Billboard placed her number seven on its list of the
Hot 100 All-Time Top Artists, and in 2010 ranked her fifth among the
"Top 50 R&B/Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25 Years". In December
2016, the magazine named her the second most successful dance club
artist of all-time after Madonna. One of the world's most awarded
artists, she has been cited as an inspiration among numerous
1 Life and career
1.1 1966–1985: Early life and career beginnings
1.2 1986–1988: Control
Rhythm Nation 1814
1.4 1993–1996: Janet, Poetic Justice, and Design of a Decade
1.5 1997–1999: The Velvet Rope
1.6 2000–2003: Nutty Professor II: The Klumps and All for You
Super Bowl XXXVIII
Super Bowl XXXVIII controversy and Damita Jo
20 Y.O. and Why Did I Get Married?
1.9 2008–2009: Discipline and Number Ones
1.10 2010–2014: Film projects, True You, concert tour, and
Rhythm Nation record label, Unbreakable and
2.1 Music and voice
2.2 Videos and stage
3 Legacy and influence
4 Personal life
5 Awards and nominations
10 See also
12 External links
Life and career
1966–1985: Early life and career beginnings
Jackson (bottom row) in a 1977 CBS photo on the set of The Jacksons
Janet Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana, the youngest of ten children,
to Katherine Esther (née Scruse) and Joseph Walter Jackson. The
Jacksons were lower-middle class and devout Jehovah's Witnesses,
although Jackson would later refrain from organized religion. At a
young age, her brothers began performing as
The Jackson 5
The Jackson 5 in the
In March 1969, the group signed a record deal with Motown, and soon
had their first number-one hit. The family then moved to the Encino
neighborhood of Los Angeles. Jackson had initially desired to
become a horse racing jockey or entertainment lawyer, with plans to
support herself through acting. Despite this, she was anticipated to
pursue a career in entertainment, and considered the idea after
recording herself in the studio.
At age seven, Jackson performed at the
Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip at the MGM
Casino. A biography revealed her father, Joseph Jackson, was
emotionally withdrawn, and told her to address him solely by his first
name as a child. She began acting in the variety show The Jacksons
In 1977, she was selected to have a starring role as Penny Gordon
Woods in the sitcom Good Times. She later starred in A New Kind of
Family and later got a recurring role on Diff'rent Strokes, portraying
Charlene Duprey from seasons three to six. Jackson also played the
role of Cleo Hewitt during the fourth season of Fame, but expressed
indifference towards the series.
When Jackson was sixteen, her father and manager Joseph Jackson,
arranged a contract for her with A&M Records. Her debut album,
Janet Jackson, was released in 1982. It was produced by Angela
Winbush, René Moore, Bobby Watson of Rufus and Leon F. Sylvers III,
and overseen by her father Joseph. It peaked at No. 63 on the
Billboard 200, and No. 6 on the publication's R&B albums chart,
receiving little promotion. The album appeared on the
Billboard Top Black Albums of 1983, while Jackson herself was the
highest-ranking female vocalist on the
Billboard Year-End Black Album
Jackson's second album, Dream Street, was released two years later.
Dream Street reached No. 147 on the Billboard 200, and No. 19 on the
R&B albums chart. The lead single "Don't Stand Another
Chance" peaked at No. 9 on Billboard's R&B singles chart. Both
albums consisted primarily of bubblegum pop music.
"Nasty" was written as a response to an incident of sexual harassment
Jackson faced during the recording of Control. The song features a
triplet swing beat and is considered to be a precursor to the
development of new jack swing.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
After her second album, Jackson terminated business affairs with her
family, commenting "I just wanted to get out of the house, get out
from under my father, which was one of the most difficult things that
I had to do." Attempting a third album, Jackson teamed with
producers Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis. They set out to achieve crossover
pop appeal, while also creating a strong foundation within the urban
market. Within six weeks, Jackson and the duo crafted her third
studio album, Control, released in February 1986. The album shot
to No. 1 on the Billboard 200, and was certified fivefold platinum by
Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), selling over ten
million copies worldwide.
Control was declared "remarkably nervy and mature" for a teenage act,
also considered "an alternative to the sentimental balladry" which
permeated radio, likening Jackson to Donna Summer's position of
"unwilling to accept novelty status and taking her own steps to rise
above it." The album spawned five top five singles, "What
Have You Done for Me Lately", "Nasty", "When I Think of You",
"Control", and "Let's Wait Awhile", and a top 15 hit with "The
Pleasure Principle". "When I Think of You" became her first No. 1 hit
on the Hot 100.
Control received six Billboard Awards, including "Top
Pop Singles Artist", and three Grammy nominations, most notably "Album
of the Year". It also won four American Music Awards from
twelve nominations, an unbroken record.
At this point, Jackson was successfully "shaking off the experience of
being a shadow Jackson child", becoming "an artist in her own
right".. The album's lyrical content included several themes of
empowerment, inspired by an incident of sexual harassment, with
Jackson recalling "the danger hit home when a couple of guys started
stalking me on the street and Instead of running to Jimmy or Terry for
protection, I took a stand. I backed them down. That's how songs like
'Nasty' and 'What Have You Done for Me Lately' were born, out of a
sense of self-defense."
Its innovative fusion of dance-pop and industrial music with hip-hop
and R&B undertones influenced the development of the new jack
swing genre by bridging the gap between the latter two styles. The
accompanying music videos shot for the album's singles became popular
on MTV, and obtained a then-unknown
Paula Abdul a recording contract
for her choreography work with Jackson. Billboard stated "[Jackson's]
accessible sound and spectacularly choreographed videos were
irresistible to MTV, and helped the channel evolve from rock
programming to a broader, beat-driven musical mix."
Rhythm Nation 1814
"Rhythm Nation" (1989)
"Rhythm Nation" features use of sample loop and a triplet swing beat,
while vocals for the song are alternatively sung in octaves or rapped
in spoken verse. It embodies the full range of new jack swing
while incorporating elements of industrial music.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
Jackson released her fourth album,
Rhythm Nation 1814, in September
1989. Although her record label desired a direct sequel to Control,
Jackson chose to include a socially conscious theme among various
musical styles. She stated, "I know an album or a song can't
change the world. I just want my music and my dance to catch the
audience's attention, and to hold it long enough for them to listen to
the lyrics." The album's central theme of unity was developed in
response to various crimes and tragedies reported in the media.
Peaking at No. 1 on the Billboard 200, the album was certified
sixfold platinum by the RIAA and sold over 12 million copies
Rolling Stone observed Jackson's artistic
growth shifted from "personal freedom to more universal
concerns—injustice, illiteracy, crime, drugs—without missing a
beat." The album was also considered "the exclamation point on her
career", consisting of a "diverse collection of songs flowing with the
natural talent Jackson possesses", which effectively "expanded Janet's
range in every conceivable direction", being "more credibly feminine,
more crucially masculine, more viably adult, more believably
childlike." With singles "Miss You Much", "Rhythm Nation",
"Escapade", "Alright", "Come Back to Me", "Black Cat" and "Love Will
Never Do (Without You)", it became the only album in history to
produce number one hits in three separate calendar years, as well as
the only album to achieve seven top five singles on the Hot 100.
Famous for its choreography and warehouse setting, the "Rhythm Nation"
video is considered one of the most iconic and popular in history,
with Jackson's military ensemble also making her a fashion icon.
The video for "Love Will Never Do (Without You)" is notable for being
the first instance of Jackson's transition into sexual imagery and
midriff-baring style, becoming her trademark.
Rhythm Nation 1814
became the highest selling album of 1990, winning a record fifteen
Billboard Awards. The long-form "Rhythm Nation" music
video won a Grammy Award.
Rhythm Nation World Tour 1990 became the most successful
debut tour in history and set a record for the fastest sell-out of
Japan's Tokyo Dome. She established the "Rhythm Nation
Scholarship," donating funds from the tour to various educational
programs. As Jackson began her tour, she was acknowledged for
the cultural impact of her music. Joel Selvin of the San Francisco
Chronicle wrote "the 23-year-old has been making smash hit records for
four years, becoming a fixture on
MTV and a major role model to
teenage girls across the country", and William Allen, then-executive
vice president of the United Negro College Fund, told the Los Angeles
Times, "Jackson is a role model for all young people to emulate and
the message she has gotten to the young people of this country through
the lyrics of '
Rhythm Nation 1814' is having positive
She also received a star on the
Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame in recognition
of her impact on the recording industry and philanthropic
endeavors. The massive success experienced by Jackson placed her
in league with Michael Jackson, Madonna, and
Tina Turner for her
achievements and influence. Ebony magazine remarked: "No
individual or group has impacted the world of entertainment as have
Janet Jackson," arguing that despite many imitators, few
could surpass Jackson's "stunning style and dexterity."
With her recording contract under A&M Records fulfilled in 1991,
she signed a multimillion-dollar deal with Virgin Records—estimated
between thirty-two to fifty million dollars—making her the highest
paid recording artist at the time. The recording contract also
established her reputation as the "Queen of Pop." In 1992, Jackson
provided guest vocals on Luther Vandross's "The Best Things in Life
Are Free", becoming a top ten Billboard hit and reaching the top ten
1993–1996: Janet, Poetic Justice, and Design of a Decade
Jackson on the cover of
Rolling Stone with the hands of her then
unknown husband covering her breasts
Jackson's fifth studio album Janet, was released in May 1993. The
record opened at number one on the Billboard 200, making Jackson
the first female artist in the
Nielsen SoundScan era to do so.
Certified sixfold platinum by the RIAA, it sold over 14 million copies
Janet spawned five singles and four promotional singles, receiving
various certifications worldwide. Lead single "That's the Way Love
Goes" won the
Grammy Award for Best R&B Song and topped the
Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100 for eight consecutive weeks.:118 "Again" reached
number one for two weeks, while "If" and "Any Time, Any Place" peaked
in the top four. "Because of Love" and "You Want This" charted within
the top ten.
The album experimented with a diverse number of genres, including
contemporary R&B, deep house, swing jazz, hip hop, rock, and pop,
with Billboard describing each as being "delivered with consummate
skill and passion." Jackson took a larger role in songwriting and
production than she did on her previous albums, explaining she found
it necessary "to write all the lyrics and half of the melodies" while
also speaking candidly about incorporating her sexuality into the
Rolling Stone wrote "[a]s princess of America's
black royal family, everything
Janet Jackson does is important.
Whether proclaiming herself in charge of her life, as she did on
Control (1986), or commander in chief of a rhythm army dancing to
fight society's problems (
Rhythm Nation 1814, from 1989), she's
influential. And when she announces her sexual maturity, as she does
on her new album, Janet., it's a cultural moment."
In July 1993, Jackson made her film debut in Poetic Justice. While the
film was critically panned, her performance was described as
"beguiling" and "believably eccentric." Jackson's ballad
"Again", which was written for the film, received Golden Globe and
Academy Award nominations for "Best Original Song."
In September 1993, Jackson appeared topless on the cover of Rolling
Stone, with her breasts covered by her then-husband, René Elizondo,
Jr. The photograph is the original version of the cropped image used
Janet album cover, shot by Patrick Demarchelier. The
Vancouver Sun reported, "Jackson, 27, remains clearly established as
both role model and sex symbol; the
Rolling Stone photo of
Jackson ... became one of the most recognizable, and most
lampooned, magazine covers."
Janet World Tour
Janet World Tour launched in support of the studio album garnered
criticism for Jackson's lack of vocal proficiency and spontaneity,
but earned critical acclaim for her showmanship. It was described as
erasing the line between "stadium-size pop music concerts and
full-scale theatrical extravaganzas."
Jackson performing during one of the dates of her 1993–95 Janet
During this time, her brother Michael was immersed in a child sex
abuse scandal, of which he denied any wrongdoing. She provided
moral support, defending her brother, and denied abuse allegations
regarding her parents made by her sister La Toya.
She collaborated with
Michael Jackson on "Scream", the lead single
from his album HIStory, released 1995. The song was written by both
siblings as a response to media scrutiny. It debuted at number
five on the Hot 100 singles chart, becoming the first song ever
to debut within the top five. Its music video, directed by Mark
Romanek, was broadcast to approximately 64 million viewers and
Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records as the "Most Expensive Music Video
Ever Made", costing $7 million. The clip won the 1996 Grammy
Award for Best Short Form Music Video.
Jackson's first compilation album, Design of a Decade: 1986–1996,
was released in 1995. It peaked at number three on the Billboard
200. The lead single, "Runaway", became the first song by a
female artist to debut within the top ten of the Hot 100,
reaching number three.
Design of a Decade
Design of a Decade 1986/1996 was
certified double platinum by the RIAA and sold ten million copies
Jackson's influence in pop music continued to garner acclaim, as The
Boston Globe remarked "If you're talking about the female power elite
in pop, you can't get much higher than
Janet Jackson, Bonnie Raitt,
Madonna and Yoko Ono. Their collective influence ... is beyond
measure. And who could dispute that
Janet Jackson now has more
credibility than brother Michael?"
Jackson renewed her contract with
Virgin Records for a reported $80
million the following year. The contract established her as the
then-highest paid recording artist in history, surpassing the
recording industry's then-unparalleled $60 million contracts earned by
Michael Jackson and Madonna.
1997–1999: The Velvet Rope
Jackson began suffering from severe depression and anxiety, leading
her to chronicle the experience in her sixth album, The Velvet Rope,
released October 1997. Jackson returned with a dramatic change in
image, boasting vibrant red hair, nasal piercings, and tattoos.
The album is primarily centered on the idea that everyone has an
intrinsic need to belong. Aside from encompassing lyrics relating to
social issues such as same-sex relationships, homophobia and domestic
violence, it also contains themes of sadomasochism and is considered
far more sexually explicit in nature than her previous release,
The record was hailed as "her most daring, elaborate and accomplished
album" by The New York Times, while Billboard ranked it as "the best
American album of the year and the most empowering of her last
five." The album debuted at number one on the
Billboard 200 and was certified triple platinum, selling over ten
Lead single "Got 'til It's Gone" was released in August 1997,
featuring guest vocals from folk singer
Joni Mitchell and rapper
Q-Tip. The song's music video, depicting a pre-
Grammy Award for Best Short Form Music Video.
"Together Again" became Jackson's eighth number-one hit on the
Billboard Hot 100, placing her on par with Elton John, Diana
Ross, and The Rolling Stones.:28, 120 It spent a record
forty-six weeks on the Hot 100 and nineteen weeks on the United
Kingdom's singles chart. It sold six million copies worldwide,
becoming one of the best-selling singles of all time. "I Get
Lonely" peaked at number three on the Hot 100, and received a
Grammy nomination for Best Female R&B Vocal Performance. As
Jackson's eighteenth consecutive top ten hit, it made her the only
female artist to garner that achievement, surpassed only by Elvis
Presley and The Beatles.
Several other singles were released, including "Go Deep" and ballad
"Every Time", which was controversial for the nudity displayed in its
music video.The album fully established Jackson as a gay icon for
its themes regarding homosexuality and protesting homophobia.
"Together Again", a "post-Aids pop song", and "Free Xone", considered
"a paean to homosexuality" and an "anti-homophobia track", were
praised for their lyrical context, in addition to Jackson's lesbian
reinterpretation of Rod Stewart's "Tonight's the Night".
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope received an award for "Outstanding Music Album" at the
GLAAD Media Awards
GLAAD Media Awards and was honored by the National Black
Lesbian and Gay Leadership Forum. A portion of the proceeds from
"Together Again" were donated to the American Foundation for AIDS
Jackson embarked on
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope World Tour, traveling to Europe,
North America, Asia, Africa, New Zealand, and Australia. The tour
received praise for its theatrics, choreography, and Jackson's vocal
performance. It was likened to "the ambition and glamour of a
Broadway musical", and exclaimed as "only fitting that the concert
program credits her as the show's 'creator and director'."
HBO special, The Velvet Rope: Live in Madison Square
Garden, garnered more than fifteen million viewers. It surpassed the
ratings of all four major networks among viewers subscribed to the
channel. The concert won an
Emmy Award from a total of four
nominations. Jackson donated a portion of the tour's sales to
America's Promise, an organization founded by
Colin Powell to assist
As the tour concluded, Jackson lent guest vocals to several
collaborations, including Shaggy's "Luv Me, Luv Me", used for the
film How Stella Got Her Groove Back, as well as "Girlfriend/Boyfriend"
with Teddy Riley's group Blackstreet, and "What's It Gonna Be?!"
with Busta Rhymes. The latter two music videos are both among the
most expensive music videos ever produced, with "What's It Gonna Be?!"
becoming a number-one hit on the Billboard Hip-Hop Singles and Hot Rap
Tracks charts, reaching the top three of the Hot 100.
Jackson also contributed the ballad "God's Stepchild" to the Down in
the Delta soundtrack. Jackson recorded a duet with
Elton John titled
"I Know the Truth," included on the soundtrack to
Elton John and Tim
Rice's Aida. At the 1999 World Music Awards, Jackson received the
Legend Award for "outstanding contribution to the pop industry".
Billboard ranked Jackson as the second most successful artist of the
decade, behind Mariah Carey.
2000–2003: Nutty Professor II: The Klumps and All for You
In July 2000, Jackson appeared in her second film, Nutty Professor II:
The Klumps, as the role of Professor Denise Gaines, opposite Eddie
Peter Segal stated "
Janet Jackson was a natural fit,
and an obvious choice." The film became her second to open at
number one, grossing an estimated total of nearly $170 million
worldwide. Jackson's single "Doesn't Really Matter", used
for the film's soundtrack, became her ninth number-one single on the
Preceding the release of her seventh album,
MTV honored Jackson with
the network's inaugural "
MTV Icon" ceremony, honoring her "significant
contributions to music, music video and pop culture while tremendously
MTV generation." The event paid tribute to Jackson's
career and influence, including commentary from Britney Spears,
Jennifer Lopez, Aaliyah, and Jessica Simpson, and performances by 'N
Sync, Pink, Destiny's Child, Usher, Buckcherry, Mýa, Macy Gray, and
Outkast. The American Music Awards also honored Jackson with the
Award of Merit for "her finely crafted, critically acclaimed and
socially conscious, multi-platinum albums."
Jackson's seventh album, All for You, was released in April 2001. It
opened at number one on the Billboard 200 with 605,000 copies
sold, the highest first-week sales of her career, and among the
highest first-week sales by a female artist in history. The
album was a return to an upbeat dance style, receiving generally
positive reception. Jackson received praise for indulging in "textures
as dizzying as a new infatuation", in contrast to other artists
attempting to "match the angularity of hip-hop" and following
trends. All for You was certified double platinum by the RIAA and
sold nine million copies worldwide.
"All for You" (2001)
Jackson's "All for You" peaked atop the
Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100 for seven
weeks, breaking several radio airplay records at the time of release.
It is a mid-tempo song which fuses pop, R&B and disco music, built
upon a sample of "The Glow of Love", performed by Change.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
The album's lead single, "All for You", debuted on the Hot 100 at
number fourteen, setting a record for the highest debut by a single
that was not commercially available. Jackson was titled
"Queen of Radio" by
MTV as the single made airplay history,
being "added to every pop, rhythmic and urban radio station" within
its first week. The song broke the overall airplay debut record
with a first week audience of seventy million, debuting at number nine
Radio Songs chart. It topped the Hot 100 for seven weeks,
also reaching the top ten in eleven countries. The song received
Grammy Award for Best Dance Recording. "Someone to Call My
Lover" peaked at number three on the Hot 100. Built around a
sample of the iconic 1972 hit "You're So Vain" by Carly Simon, "Son of
a Gun (I Betcha Think This Song Is About You)" featured Simon herself,
Missy Elliott on remixes of the single.
In July 2001, Jackson embarked on the All for You Tour, which was also
broadcast on a concert special for
HBO watched by twelve million
viewers. The tour traveled throughout the United States and
Japan, although European and Asian dates were required to be canceled
following the September 11 terrorist attacks. The
Los Angeles Times
complimented Jackson's showmanship. Richard Harrington of the
Washington Post said Jackson's performance surpassed her
contemporaries, but Bob Massy of Spin thought her dancers "threw
crisper moves" and her supporting singers were mixed nearly as high,
though declared "
Janet cast herself as the real entertainment."
Jackson donated a portion of the tour's proceeds to the Boys &
Girls Clubs of America.
The following year, Jackson began receiving media attention for her
rumored relationships with Justin Timberlake, actor Matthew
McConaughey, and record producer Jermaine Dupri. Upon
the release of Timberlake's debut solo album Justified, Jackson
provided vocals on "(And She Said) Take Me Now" per Timberlake's
request, with the song initially planned as a single. Jackson
collaborated with reggae artist
Beenie Man for the song "Feel It Boy",
produced by The Neptunes.
Super Bowl XXXVIII
Super Bowl XXXVIII controversy and Damita Jo
Super Bowl XXXVIII
Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy
Jackson was chosen by the
National Football League
National Football League and
MTV to perform
Super Bowl XXXVIII
Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show in February 2004. She
performed a medley of "All for You", "Rhythm Nation", and an excerpt
of "The Knowledge" before performing "Rock Your Body" alongside
surprise guest Justin Timberlake. As Timberlake sang the lyric "I'm
gonna have you naked by the end of this song", he tore open her
costume, exposing her right breast to 140 million viewers.
Jackson issued an apology after the performance, saying that the
incident was accidental and unintended, explaining that Timberlake was
only meant to pull away a bustier and leave the red-lace bra
intact. She commented, "I am really sorry if I offended anyone.
That was truly not my intention ... MTV, CBS, the NFL had no
knowledge of this whatsoever, and unfortunately, the whole thing went
wrong in the end." Timberlake also issued an apology, calling the
accident a "wardrobe malfunction." The incident became the most
recorded and replayed moment in
TiVo history, enticing an estimated
35,000 new subscribers.
It is regarded as one of the most controversial television events in
history, and Jackson was later listed in
Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records as the
"Most Searched in Internet History" and the "Most Searched for News
Item". CBS, the NFL, and MTV denied any knowledge of the
incident and all responsibility for it. The Federal Communications
Commission heavily fined all companies involved and continued an
investigation for eight years, ultimately losing its appeal for a
$550,000 fine against CBS.
Following the incident, CBS permitted Timberlake to appear at the 46th
Grammy Awards ceremony but did not allow Jackson to attend, forcing
her to withdraw after being scheduled as a presenter. The
controversy halted plans for Jackson to star in the biographical film
of singer and activist Lena Horne, which was to be produced by
American Broadcasting Company. Horne was reportedly displeased by the
incident, but Jackson's representatives stated that she withdrew from
the project willingly. A
Mickey Mouse statue wearing Jackson's
iconic "Rhythm Nation" outfit was mantled at
Walt Disney World
Walt Disney World theme
park the previous year to honor her legacy, but it was removed
following her controversial performance.
Jackson's eighth studio album Damita Jo was released in March 2004,
titled after her middle name. It debuted at number two on the
Billboard 200. The album received mixed to positive reviews,
praising the sonic innovation of selected songs and Jackson's vocal
harmonies, while others criticized its frequent themes of
carnality. However, several critics' reviews focused on the Super
Bowl incident, rather than critiquing the album itself. It was
certified platinum by the RIAA within a month, and sold over three
million copies worldwide.
The album's performance was largely affected by public backlash and
the blacklisting from radio and music channels. Conglomerates involved
in the boycott included
Viacom and CBS, subsidiaries MTV, Clear
Channel Communications, and Infinity Broadcasting, the latter two
among the largest radio broadcasters. The blacklist was
placed into effect preceding the release of Damita Jo and continued
throughout the course of Jackson's following two albums. Entertainment
Viacom owns MTV, VH1, and many radio formats, and a
senior executive commented that they were "absolutely bailing on the
record. The pressure is so great, they can't align with anything
related to Janet. The high-ups are still pissed at her, and this is a
Prior to the incident, Damita Jo was expected to outsell prior release
All for You. Its three singles received positive reviews but
failed to achieve high chart positions, although each was predicted to
perform extremely well under different circumstances. Billboard
reported that Damita Jo "was largely overshadowed by the Super Bowl
fiasco…. The three singles it spawned were blacklisted by pop
radio—they were also the album's biggest highlights".
For the album's promotion, Jackson appeared as a host on Saturday
Night Live performing two songs, and she was also a guest star on
sitcom Will & Grace portraying herself. Jackson received
several career accolades upon the album's release, including the
"Legend Award" at the Radio Music Awards, "Inspiration Award" from the
Japan Video Music Awards, "Lifetime Achievement Award" at the Soul
Train Music Awards, and a
Teen Choice Awards
Teen Choice Awards nomination for "Favorite
In November 2004, she was honored as a role model by 100 Black Men of
America, Inc. and presented with the organization's Artistic
Achievement Award saluting "a career that has gone from success to
greater success." The organization responded to criticism for
honoring Jackson in light of the Super Bowl incident by saying that
"an individual's worth can't be judged by a single moment in that
person's life." In June 2005, she was honored with a
Humanitarian Award by the
Human Rights Campaign
Human Rights Campaign and AIDS Project Los
Angeles as recognition for her involvement in raising money for AIDS
20 Y.O. and Why Did I Get Married?
Jackson promoting her ninth studio album, 20 Y.O.
Jackson began recording her ninth studio album, 20 Y.O., in 2005. She
recorded with producers Dupri, Jam and Lewis for several months during
the following year. The album's title was a reference to the two
decades since the release of her breakthrough album Control,
representing the album's "celebration of the joyful liberation and
history-making musical style."
To promote the album, Jackson appeared in various magazines, and
performed on the Today Show and Billboard Awards. Jackson's Us Weekly
cover, revealing her slim figure after heavy media focus was placed on
her fluctuations in weight, became the magazine's best-selling issue
20 Y.O. was released in September 2006 and debuted at
number two on the Billboard 200. The album received mixed
reviews, with multiple critics chastising the production and
involvement of Jermaine Dupri.
Rolling Stone disagreed with the
album's reference to Control, saying "If we were her, we wouldn't make
Jackson's airplay and music channel blacklist remained persistent,
massively affecting her chart performance and exposure.
However, lead single "Call on Me", which featured rapper Nelly, peaked
at number twenty-five on the Hot 100, number one on the Hot
R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart, and number six in the United Kingdom.
The video for the album's second single, "So Excited", was directed by
Joseph Kahn and portrayed Jackson's clothes disappearing through a
complex dance routine.
20 Y.O. was certified platinum by the RIAA and sold 1.2 million
worldwide, also receiving a Grammy nomination for Best Contemporary
R&B Album. After the album's release, Dupri was
condemned for his production and misguidance of the album, and
subsequently was removed from his position at Virgin Records.
Slant Magazine stated, "After promising a return to Janet's dance-pop
origins, [Dupri] opted to aim for urban audiences, a colossal mistake
that cost Dupri his job and, probably,
Janet her deal with
Jackson was ranked the seventh richest woman in the entertainment
industry by Forbes, having amassed a fortune of over $150
million. In 2007, she starred opposite Tyler Perry as a
psychotherapist in the film Why Did I Get Married?. It became her
third consecutive film to open at number one at the box office,
grossing $60 million in total. Jackson's performance was praised
for its "soft authority", though also described as "charming, yet
2008–2009: Discipline and Number Ones
Jackson performing during the Rock Witchu Tour
Jackson signed with
Island Records after her contract with Virgin was
fulfilled. She interrupted plans for touring and began recording with
various producers, including Rodney "Darkchild" Jerkins, Tricky
Stewart, and Stargate. Her tenth studio album, Discipline, was
released in February 2008, opening at number one. Despite radio
blacklisting, the album's first single "Feedback" peaked at number
nineteen on the Hot 100 and nine on Pop Songs, her highest
charting single since "Someone to Call My Lover".
Also in February 2008, Jackson won an
Image Award for "Outstanding
Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture" for the role. Jackson was
also approached to record the lead single for the film Rush Hour
3. Jackson was awarded the Vanguard Award at the 19th annual
GLAAD Media Awards, honoring her contributions in promoting equal
rights among the gay community. The organization's president
commented, "Ms. Jackson has a tremendous following inside the LGBT
community and out, and having her stand with us against the defamation
that LGBT people still face in our country is extremely
Jackson's fifth concert tour, the Rock Witchu Tour, began in September
2008. Jackson parted with
Island Records through mutual
agreement. Billboard disclosed Jackson was dissatisfied with LA Reid's
handling of the album and its promotion, saying "the label agreed to
dissolve their relationship with the artist at her request."
Rodney Jerkins expressed "I felt like it wasn't pushed
correctly.... She just didn't get her just-do as an artist of that
In June 2009, Jackson's brother Michael died at age fifty. She spoke
publicly concerning his death at the 2009
BET Awards, stating "I'd
just like to say, to you, Michael is an icon, to us, Michael is
family. And he will forever live in all of our hearts. On behalf of my
family and myself, thank you for all of your love, thank you for all
of your support. We miss him so much." In an interview, she
revealed she had first learned of his death while filming Why Did I
Get Married Too?.
Amidst mourning with her family, she focused on work to deal with the
grief, avoiding any news coverage of her sibling's death. She
commented, "it's still important to face reality, and not that I'm
running, but sometimes you just need to get away for a second."
During this time, she ended her seven-year relationship with Jermaine
Several months later, Jackson performed a tribute to Michael at the
MTV Video Music Awards, performing their duet "Scream". MTV
stated "there was no one better than
Janet to anchor it and send a
really powerful message." The performance was lauded by critics,
Entertainment Weekly affirming the rendition "as energetic as it
Jackson's second hits compilation, Number Ones (retitled The Best for
international releases), was released in November 2009. For promotion,
she performed a medley of hits at the American Music Awards, Capital
Jingle Bell Ball
Jingle Bell Ball at London's O2 arena, and The
X-Factor. The album's promotional single "Make Me", produced
with Rodney "Darkchild" Jerkins, debuted in September. It became
Jackson's nineteenth number one on the
Hot Dance Club Songs
Hot Dance Club Songs chart,
making her the first artist to have number-one singles in four
Later that month, Jackson chaired the inaugural benefit of amfAR, The
Foundation for AIDS Research, held in
Milan in conjunction with
fashion week. The foundation's CEO stated "We are profoundly grateful
Janet Jackson for joining amfAR as a chair of its first event in
Milan.... She brings incomparable grace and a history of dedication to
the fight against AIDS." The event raised a total of $1.1 million
for the nonprofit organization.
2010–2014: Film projects, True You, concert tour, and
In April 2010, Jackson reprised her role in the sequel to Why Did I
Get Married? titled Why Did I Get Married Too?. The film opened at
number two, grossing sixty million in total. Jackson's
performance was hailed as "invigorating and oddly funny", and praised
for her "willingness to be seen at her most disheveled". Her
performance earned an
Image Award for "Outstanding Actress in a Motion
Picture". Jackson recorded the film's theme, "Nothing", released
as a promotional single. The song was performed on the ninth
season finale of
American Idol along with "Again" and "Nasty".
In July, Jackson modeled for the
Blackglama clothing line featuring
mink fur, which was criticized by the animal rights organisation
PETA. Jackson then helped design a signature line of clothing and
accessories for Blackglama, to be sold at
Saks Fifth Avenue
Saks Fifth Avenue and
Bloomingdales. Universal Music released the hits compilation
Icon: Number Ones as the debut of the
Icon compilation series.
In November 2010, Jackson starred as Joanna in the drama For Colored
Girls, the film adaptation of Ntozake Shange's 1975 play For Colored
Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Is Enuf. The Wall
Street Journal stated Jackson "recites verses written by Ntozake
Shange, the author of the play that inspired the film ... But
instead of offering up a mannered coffeehouse reading of the lines,
Jackson makes the words sound like ordinary—though very
eloquent—speech." Jackson's portrayal the film was likened to
Meryl Streep as
Miranda Priestly in The Devil Wears Prada.
Her performance earned
Black Reel Awards nominations in the categories
of Outstanding Supporting Actress and Outstanding Ensemble.
Jackson performing during the
Number Ones, Up Close and Personal
Number Ones, Up Close and Personal tour
Jackson announced plans to embark on her largest world tour in support
of her second hits collection, Number Ones. The tour, entitled
Number Ones, Up Close and Personal, held concerts in thirty-five
global cities, selected by fans who submitted suggestions on her
official website. During the tour, Jackson performed thirty-five
number one hits and dedicated a song to each city. Mattel
released a limited-edition
Barbie of Jackson titled "Divinely Janet",
auctioned for over $15,000, with proceeds donated to Project Angel
Jackson released the self-help book True You: A Journey to Finding and
Loving Yourself in February 2011, co-written with David Ritz. It
chronicled her struggle with weight and confidence, also publishing
letters from fans. It topped The New York Times' Best Seller list the
following month. Additionally, she signed a film production
Lions Gate Entertainment
Lions Gate Entertainment to "select, develop and produce
a feature film for the independent studio."
Jackson became the first female pop singer to perform at the I. M. Pei
glass pyramid at the Louvre Museum, raising contributions for the
restoration of iconic artwork. Jackson was selected to
endorse fashion line
Blackglama for a second year, being the first
celebrity in the line's history chosen to do so. She partnered
with the label to release a fifteen-piece collection of luxury
In 2012, Jackson endorsed Nutrisystem, sponsoring their weight-loss
program after struggling with weight fluctuations in the past.
With the program, she donated ten million dollars in meals to the
hungry. She was honored by amfAR for her contributions to AIDS
research when chairing the Cinema Against AIDS gala during the Cannes
Film Festival. She also participated in a public service
UNICEF to help starving children.
Rhythm Nation record label, Unbreakable and
On May 16, 2015, Jackson announced plans to release a new album and to
embark on a world concert tour. She outlined her intention
to release her new album in the fall of 2015 under her own record
label, Rhythm Nation, distributed by BMG Rights Management. The
Rhythm Nation established Jackson as one of the few
African-American female musicians to own a record label.
On June 15, 2015, Jackson announced the first set of dates for the
North American leg of her Unbreakable World Tour. On June 22, the
lead single "No Sleeep" was released from the album. Jackson's
solo version of the single debuted on the Hot 100 at number 67,
marking her 40th entry on the chart. The song went to number 1 on
the Billboard + Twitter Trending 140 immediately following the
release. The album version featuring
J. Cole enabled it to
re-enter the Hot 100 with a new peak position at number 63, while also
topping the Adult R&B Songs chart.
Jackson performing during the Unbreakable Tour
BET presented Jackson with their inaugural Ultimate Icon: Music Dance
Visual award at the
BET Awards 2015, which also featured a dance
tribute to her performed by Ciara,
Jason Derulo and Tinashe. It
was announced she would launch a luxury jewelery line called the
Janet Jackson Unbreakable Diamonds collection," a joint venture
between herself and Paul Raps New York. On August 20, she
released a preview of a new song "The Great Forever," while also
confirming the title of her eleventh studio album as
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis stated that Jackson's concept for the album
was developed simultaneously with the accompanying tour's production
and that its composition will differ from the majority of her catalog.
They also stated that the album's theme reflects "being able to be
vulnerable and to be able to withstand what comes to you," drawing on
Jackson's experiences over the past several years. The album's
title track "Unbreakable" was released on September 3, 2015, debuting
on Apple Music's Beats 1 radio station, hosted by Ebro Darden. The
album was also made available for pre-order on iTunes the same
day. "Burnitup!" featuring
Missy Elliott debuted on BBC Radio 1
on September 24, 2015. Unbreakable was released on October 2,
2015. It received largely positive reviews, including those by The
Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, USA Today, Los
Angeles Times, and The Guardian. The following week, Jackson
received her first nomination to be inducted into the Rock and Roll
Hall of Fame. Her album debuted at number one on the Billboard
200, becoming her seventh album to top the chart in the United
On April 6, 2016, Jackson announced that she was "planning her family"
with husband Wissam Al Mana, resulting in her postponing her
tour.On May 1, 2017, Jackson announced she would resume her
Unbreakable World Tour, now known as the State of the World Tour. The
revamped tour launched on September 7, 2017. Refocusing the
tour's theme to reflect socially conscious messages from Jackson's
entire music catalog, a number of songs selected for the concert set
list along with corresponding imagery depicted on stage address
racism, white supremacy, fascism, xenophobia and police
brutality. The tour opened to positive critical reception, with
several commentators praising Jackson's post-pregnancy physical
fitness, showmanship and socially conscious messages.
Her emotional rendition of "What About", a song about domestic
violence originally recorded for The Velvet Rope, drew media attention
highlighting her recent separation from her husband; Jackson's brother
Randy alleges she suffered verbal abuse by Al Mana which contributed
to the breakdown of their marriage. Proceeds from the
concert of September 9, 2017 at the
Toyota Center in Houston, Texas
were donated to relief efforts supporting evacuees of Hurricane
Harvey. Jackson met with Houston mayor
Sylvester Turner and evacuees
George R. Brown Convention Center
George R. Brown Convention Center prior to the
performance. On March 30, 2018, Jackson was announced as the
FYF Fest set to take place on July 21st and 22nd 2018 in
Los Angeles, California. 
Music and voice
Jackson has a soprano vocal range. Over the course of her career, she
has received frequent criticism for the limits of her vocal
capabilities, especially in comparison to contemporary artists such as
Whitney Houston and Mariah Carey. In comparing her vocal
technique to Houston and Aretha Franklin, vocal coach Roger Love
states that "[w]hen
Janet sings, she allows a tremendous amount of air
to come through. She's obviously aiming for a sexy, sultry effect, and
on one level that works nicely. But actually, it's fairly limited." He
adds that while her voice is suitable for studio recording, it doesn't
translate well to stage because despite having "great songs,
incredible dancing, and her star like presence, the live show is still
magnificent. But the voice is not the star."
Biographer David Ritz commented, "on Janet's albums—and in her
videos and live performances, which revealed a crisp, athletic dance
technique [...] singing wasn't the point," saying emphasis was placed
on "her slamming beats, infectious hooks, and impeccable production
values." Eric Henderson of
Slant magazine claimed critics opposing
her small voice "somehow missed the explosive 'gimme a beat' vocal
pyrotechnics she unleashes all over 'Nasty' ... Or that they
completely dismissed how perfect her tremulous hesitance fits into the
abstinence anthem 'Let's Wait Awhile'." Classical composer Louis
Andriessen has praised Jackson for her "rubato, sense of rhythm,
sensitivity, and the childlike quality of her strangely erotic
voice." Several critics also consider her voice to often be
enveloped within her music's production.
J. D. Considine
J. D. Considine noted "on albums, Jackson's sound isn't
defined by her voice so much as by the way her voice is framed by the
lush, propulsive production of Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis." Wendy
PopMatters said "the power of
Janet Jackson's voice does
not lie in her pipes. She doesn't blow, she whispers ...
Jackson's confectionary vocals are masterfully complemented by gentle
harmonies and balanced out by pulsing rhythms, so she's never
unpleasant to listen to."
Matthew Perpetus of
Fluxblog suggested Jackson's vocal techniques as a
study for indie rock music, considering it to possess "a somewhat
subliminal effect on the listener, guiding and emphasizing dynamic
shifts without distracting attention from its primal hooks." Perpetus
added: "Her voice effortlessly transitions from a rhythmic toughness
to soulful emoting to a flirty softness without overselling any aspect
of her performance ... a continuum of emotions and attitudes that
add up to the impression that we're listening to the expression of a
fully-formed human being with contradictions and complexities."
"Black Cat" (1989)
Written solely by Jackson, "Black Cat" was recorded using a mixture of
Rockman and Marshall amplifier to give it a heavy metal sound. The
song's lyrics convey a stance against substance abuse.
Problems playing this file? See media help.
Jackson's music has encompassed a broad range of genres. Her records
from the 1980s have been described as being influenced by Prince, as
her producers are ex-members of The Time. Sal Cinquemani wrote
that in addition to defining
Top 40 radio, she "gave Prince's
Minneapolis sound a distinctly feminine—and, with songs like 'What
Have You Done for Me Lately?,' 'Nasty,' 'Control,' and 'Let's Wait
Awhile,' a distinctly feminist—spin."
On Control, Richard J. Ripani documented that she, Jam and Lewis had
"crafted a new sound that fuses the rhythmic elements of funk and
disco, along with heavy doses of synthesizers, percussion, sound
effects, and a rap music sensibility." Author Rickey Vincent
stated that she has often been credited for redefining the standard of
popular music with the industrial-strength beats of the album.
She is considered a trendsetter in pop balladry, with Richard Rischar
stating "the black pop ballad of the mid-1980s had been dominated by
the vocal and production style that was smooth and polished, led by
singers Whitney Houston,
Janet Jackson, and James Ingram."
Jackson continued her musical development by blending pop and urban
music with elements of hip-hop in the nineties. This included a softer
representation, articulated by lush, soulful ballads and up-tempo
dance beats. She is described by music critic
Greg Kot as "an
artist who has reshaped the sound and image of rhythm and blues"
within the first decade of her career. Critic Karla Peterson
remarked that "she is a sharp dancer, an appealing performer, and as
'That's the Way Love Goes' proves—an ace pop-song
writer."Selected material from the following decade has been
viewed less favorably, as Sal Cinquemani comments "except for maybe
R.E.M., no other former superstar act has been as prolific with such
diminishing commercial and creative returns."
Jackson has changed her lyrical focus over the years, becoming the
subject of analysis in musicology, African American studies, and
gender studies. David Ritz compared Jackson's musical style
to Marvin Gaye's, stating, "like Marvin, autobiography seemed the sole
source of her music. Her art, also like Marvin's, floated over a
reservoir of secret pain." Much of her success has been
attributed to "a series of powerful, metallic grooves; her chirpy,
multi-tracked vocals; and a lyrical philosophy built on pride and
self-knowledge." Ritz also stated, "The mystery is the low flame
that burns around the perimeters of
Janet Jackson's soul. The flame
feeds off the most highly combustible elements: survival and ambition,
caution and creativity, supreme confidence and dark fear."
During the 1980s, her lyrics embodied self-actualization, feminist
principles, and politically driven ideology. Gillian G. Gaar
Control as "an autobiographical tale about her life with her
parents, her first marriage, and breaking free." Jessie Carney
Smith wrote "with that album, she asserted her independence,
individuality, and personal power. She challenged audiences to see her
as a transformed person, from an ingénue to a grow-up, multi-talented
celebrity." Referring to
Rhythm Nation 1814 as an embodiment of
hope, Timothy E. Scheurer wrote "It may remind some of
Sly Stone prior
to There's a Riot Going On and other African-American artists of the
1970s in its tacit assumption that the world imagined by Dr. King is
still possible, that the American Dream is a dream for all
On Janet, Jackson began focusing on sexual themes. Shayne Lee wrote
that her music over the following decade "brand[ed] her as one of the
most sexually stimulating vocalists of the 1990s." Lilly J. Goren
observed "Jackson's evolution from politically aware musician to sexy
diva marked the direction that society and the music industry were
encouraging the dance-rock divas to pursue." The Washington Post
declared Jackson's public image over the course of her career had
shifted "from innocence to experience, inspiring such carnal albums as
1993's 'Janet' and 1997's 'The Velvet Rope', the latter of which
explored the bonds—figuratively and literally—of love and
The song "Free Xone" from The Velvet Rope, which portrays same-sex
relationships in a positive light, is described by sociologist Shayne
Lee as "a rare incident in which a popular black vocalist explores
romantic or sensual energy outside the contours of heteronormativity,
making it a significant song in black sexual politics." During
promotion for Janet, she stated "I love feeling deeply sexual—and
don't mind letting the world know. For me, sex has become a
celebration, a joyful part of the creative process."
Upon the release of Damita Jo, Jackon stated "Beginning with the
earlier albums, exploring—and liberating—my sexuality has been an
ongoing discovery and theme," adding "As an artist, that's not only my
passion, it's my obligation." Stephen Thomas Erlewine has found
Jackson's consistent inclusion of sex in her music lacking ingenuity,
especially in comparisons to other artists such as Prince, stating
"while sex indisputably fuels much great pop music, it isn't an
inherently fascinating topic for pop music—as with anything, it all
depends on the artist."
Videos and stage
Janet Jackson videography
Jackson drew inspiration for her music videos and performances from
musicals she watched in her youth, and was heavily influenced by the
Fred Astaire and Michael Kidd, among others.
Throughout her career, she has worked with and brought numerous
professional choreographers to prominence, such as Tina Landon, Paula
Abdul, and Michael Kidd. Veronica Chambers declared, "Her impact
on pop music is undeniable and far-reaching," adding, "A quick glance
at the Billboard chart reveals any number of artists cast in the Janet
Jackson mold." Chambers observed numerous videos which "features not
only Ms. Jackson's dancers but choreography and sets remarkably like
those she has used."
Janine Coveney of Billboard observed that "Jackson's musical
declaration of independence [Control] launched a string of hits, an
indelible production sound, and an enduring image cemented by
groundbreaking video choreography and imagery that pop vocalists still
emulate." Ben Hogwood of
MusicOMH applauded the "huge influence
she has become on younger pretenders to her throne," most notably
Jennifer Lopez and Christina Aguilera. Qadree
EI-Amin remarked that many pop artists "pattern their performances
after Janet's proven dance-diva persona." Beretta E.
Smith-Shomade wrote that "Jackson's impact on the music video sphere
came largely through music sales successes, which afforded her more
visual liberties and control. This assuming of control directly
impacted the look and content of her music videos, giving Jackson an
agency not assumed by many other artists—male or female, Black or
Parallel Lines: Media Representations of Dance (1993) documents that
her videos have often been reminiscent of live concerts or elaborate
musical theater. However, in her 30-minute
Rhythm Nation 1814
film, Jackson utilizes street dancing techniques in contrast to
traditional choreography. The group dynamic visually embodies a
gender neutral equality, with Jackson "performing asexually and
anonymously in front of, but as one of the members of the group."
Her music videos have also contributed to a higher degree of sexual
freedom among young women, with Jackson "heavily implying
male-on-female oral sex in music videos by pushing down on a man's
head until he's in exactly the right position." However,
accusations of cosmetic surgery, skin lightening, and increasingly
hypersexual imagery have led to her being viewed as conforming to a
white, male-dominated view of sexuality, rather than liberating
herself or others.
Jackson received the
MTV Video Vanguard Award for her contributions to
the art form, and became the first recipient of the
MTV Icon tribute,
celebrating her impact on the music industry as a whole. In 2003,
Slant Magazine named "Rhythm Nation" and "Got 'til It's Gone" among
the 100 Greatest Music Videos of all time, ranked at number 87 and
number 10, respectively. In 2011, "Rhythm Nation" was voted the
tenth best music video of the 1980s by Billboard.
Independent Journalist Nicholas Barber stated "Janet's concerts are
the pop equivalent of a summer blockbuster movie, with all the
explosions, special effects, ersatz sentimentality, gratuitous
cleavage and emphasis on spectacle over coherence that the term
implies." Jet magazine reported "Janet's innovative stage
performances during her world tours have won her a reputation as a
world-class performer." Chris Willman of
Los Angeles Times stated
the "enthralling" choreography of Jackson's
Rhythm Nation 1814 Tour
"represents the pinnacle of what can be done in the popping 'n'
locking style—a rapid-fire mixture of rigidly jerky and gracefully
fluid movements." When Jackson was asked "do you understand it
when people talk about [
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope Tour] in terms of Broadway?",
she responded, "I'm crazy about Broadway ... That's what I grew up
Her "Number Ones: Up Close and Personal" tour deviated from the
full-scale theatrics found in her previous concert arena settings in
favor of smaller venues. Critics noted being scaled down did not
affect the impact of her showmanship, and in some cases, enhanced it.
Greg Kot of the
Chicago Tribune wrote, "In past tours, Jackson's thin
voice was often swallowed up by the sheer size of her
production ... In the more scaled-down setting, Jackson brought a
warmth and a passion that wasn't always evident in stadiums ...
Janet Jackson performance I've covered in 20-plus
Thor Christensen of
The Dallas Morning News
The Dallas Morning News reported Jackson often lip
syncs in concert; he wrote: "
Janet Jackson—one of pop's most
notorious onstage lip-syncers—conceded ... she uses 'some'
taped vocals to augment her live vocals. But she refused to say what
percentage of her concert 'voice' is taped and how much is live."
Michael MacCambridge of the Austin American-Statesman, who reviewed
Rhythm Nation World Tour, described lip-syncing as a "moot
point", stating "Jackson was frequently singing along with her own
pre-recorded vocals, to achieve a sound closer to radio versions of
singles." MacCambridge also observed "it seemed unlikely that
anyone—even a prized member of the First Family of Soul
Music—could dance like she did for 90 minutes and still provide the
sort of powerful vocals that the '90s super concerts are expected to
Similarly, Chris Willman commented, "even a classically trained
vocalist would be hard-pressed to maintain any sort of level of
volume—or, more appropriately, 'Control'—while bounding up and
down stairs and whipping limbs in unnatural directions at impeccable,
breakneck speed." Critics observed that in the smaller scale of
her "Number Ones: Up Close and Personal" tour, she forewent
lip-syncing. Chris Richards of The
Washington Post stated "even
at its breathiest, that delicate voice hasn't lost the laserlike
Lena Horne as a profound inspiration, for
entertainers of several generations as well as herself. Upon Horne's
death, she stated "[Horne] brought much joy into everyone's
lives—even the younger generations, younger than myself. She was
such a great talent. She opened up such doors for artists like
myself." Similarly, she considers
Dorothy Dandridge to be one of
Jackson has declared herself "a very big
Joni Mitchell fan",
explaining "As a kid I was drawn to
Joni Mitchell records [...] Joni's
songs spoke to me in an intimate, personal way." She holds
reverence for Tina Turner, stating "Tina has become a heroic figure
for many people, especially women, because of her tremendous strength.
Personally, Tina doesn't seem to have a beginning or an end in my
life. I felt her music was always there, and I feel like it always
will be." She has also named other socially conscious acts, such
as Tracy Chapman, Sly and the Family Stone, U2, and
Bob Dylan as
sources of inspiration.
In her early career, Jackson credited her brothers Michael and
Jermaine as musical influences. According to
Rolling Stone and
MTV, other artists attributed as influences are The Ronettes, Dionne
Warwick, Tammi Terrell, Diana Ross, Chaka Khan, Stevie Wonder, Teena
Marie, Michael Jackson, Prince, and
Tina Turner 
Legacy and influence
See also: List of awards and nominations received by
Janet Jackson as gay icon, and List of artists influenced by Janet
The youngest sister of the "precious Jackson clan",
has striven to distance her professional career from that of her older
brother Michael and the rest of the Jackson family. Steve Dollar of
Newsday wrote that "[s]he projects that home girl-next-door quality
that belies her place as the youngest sibling in a family whose inner
and outer lives have been as poked at, gossiped about, docudramatized
and hard-copied as the Kennedys." Phillip McCarthy of The Sydney
Morning Herald noted that throughout her recording career, one of her
common conditions for interviewers has been that there would be no
mention of Michael. Joshua Klein wrote, "[f]or the first half of
her recording career,
Janet Jackson sounded like an artist with
something to prove. Emerging in 1982 just as big brother Michael was
casting his longest shadow, Jackson filled her albums not so much with
songs as with declarations, from 'The Pleasure Principle' to the
radical-sounding 'Rhythm Nation' to the telling statement of purpose,
Steve Huey of Allmusic asserted that despite being born into a family
Janet Jackson has managed to emerge a "superstar" in
her own right, rivaling not only several female recording artists
including Madonna and Whitney Houston, but also her brother, while
"successfully [shifting] her image from a strong, independent young
woman to a sexy, mature adult." By forging her own unique
identity through her artistry and her business ventures, she has been
esteemed as the "Queen of Pop". Klein argued that "stardom
was not too hard to predict, but few could have foreseen that
Janet—Miss Jackson, if you're nasty—would one day replace Michael
as true heir to the
Jackson family legacy.".
Jackson has also been recognized for playing a pivotal role in
crossing racial boundaries in the recording industry, where black
artists were once considered to be substandard. Author Maureen
Mahon states: "In the 1980s, Whitney Houston, Michael Jackson, Janet
Jackson, and Prince were among the African American artists who
crossed over ... When black artists cross over into pop success
they cease to be black in the industry sense of the word. They get
promoted from racialized black music to universal pop music in an
economically driven process of racial transcendence." The
Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues
and Knowledge documented that Jackson, along with other prominent
African-American women, had achieved financial breakthroughs in
mainstream popular music, receiving "superstar status" in the
She, alongside her contemporaries "offered viable creative,
intellectual, and business paths for establishing and maintaining
agency, lyrical potency, marketing and ownership." Her business
savvy has been compared to that of Madonna, gaining a level of
autonomy which enables "creative latitude and access to financial
resources and mass-market distribution." A model of
reinvention, author Jessie Carney Smith wrote that "
continued to test the limits of her transformative power", receiving
accolades in music, film and concert tours throughout the course of
Musicologist Richard J. Ripani identified Jackson as a leader in the
development of contemporary R&B, as her music created a unique
blend of genre and sound effects which ushered in the use of rap
vocals into mainstream R&B. He also argues her signature song
"Nasty" influenced the new jack swing genre developed by Teddy
Riley. Leon McDermott of the
Sunday Herald wrote: "Her
million-selling albums in the 1980s helped invent contemporary R&B
through Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis's muscular, lean production; the
sinuous grooves threaded through 1986's
Control and 1989's Rhythm
Nation 1814 are the foundation upon which today's hot shot producers
and singers rely."
Simon Reynolds described Jackson's collaborations with her record
producers as a reinvention of the dance-pop genre, introducing a new
sonic palate. Den Berry,
Virgin Records CEO and Chairman stated:
Janet is the very embodiment of a global superstar. Her artistic
brilliance and personal appeal transcend geographic, cultural and
generational boundaries." In July 1999, she placed at number 77
on VH1's "100 Greatest Women of Rock and Roll". She also placed
at number 134 on their list of the "200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons of
All Time", number seven on the "100 Greatest Women In
Music", and at number two on the "50 Greatest Women of the Video
Era", behind Madonna.
In March 2008,
Business Wire reported "
Janet Jackson is one of the top
ten selling artists in the history of contemporary music; ranked by
Billboard magazine as the ninth most successful act in rock and roll
history, and the second most successful female artist in pop music
history." She is the only female artist in the history of the Hot
100 to have 18 consecutive top ten hit singles, from "Miss You Much"
(1989) to "I Get Lonely" (1998). The magazine ranked her at
number seven on their Hot 100 50th Anniversary "All-Time Top Artists",
making her the third most successful female artist in the history of
the chart, following Madonna and Mariah Carey.
In November 2010, Billboard released its "Top 50 R&B / Hip-Hop
Artists of the Past 25 Years" list and ranked her at number five.
She ranks as the top artist on the chart with 15 number ones in the
past twenty-five years, garnering 27 top ten hits between 1985 and
2001, and 33 consecutive top 40 hits from 1985 through 2004.
Recipient of ten Billboard Music Awards, she is one an elite
group of musical acts, such as Madonna, Aerosmith,
Garth Brooks and
Eric Clapton, whom Billboard credits for "redefining the landscape of
In November 2014, Jackson was voted 'Queen of Pop' by a poll conducted
online by VH1.com. In October 2015, she received her first
nomination for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
Jackson's music and choreography have inspired numerous performers.
Virgin Records executive Lee Trink expressed: "
Janet is an icon and
historic figure in our culture. She's one of those gifted artists that
people look up to, that people emulate, that people want to believe
in ... there's not that many superstars that stand the test of
Sarah Rodman of the
Boston Herald remarked: "For every
hand-fluttering, overwrought, melisma addict out there aping Mariah's
dog calls, there's an equal number trying to match Jackson's bubbling
grooves and fancy footwork, including Britney Spears,
Destiny's Child." Music critic Gene Stout commented she "has so
broadly influenced a younger generation of performers, from Jennifer
Lopez ... to Britney Spears, who has copied so many of Jackson's
'N Sync and Usher have credited her for teaching
them how to develop stage show into theatrical performance.
Kesha, Beyoncé, Toni Braxton, Aaliyah, Britney
Spears, Christina Aguilera, Crystal Kay, Kelly
Rowland, Rihanna, and Brazilian singer Kelly Key have
all named her an inspiration, while others such as Rozonda "Chilli"
Thomas of TLC, Cassie, Nicki Minaj, Keri Hilson,
and DJ/singer Havana Brown, have all expressed desire to emulate
Elysa Gardner of
USA Today wrote: "Jackson claims not to be bothered
by the brigade of barely post-adolescent baby divas who have been
inspired by—and, in some cases, have flagrantly aped—the sharp,
animated choreography and girlish but decidedly post-feminist
feistiness that have long been hallmarks of her performance
style." Adrienne Trier-Bieniek stated "scholars trace the origins
of pleasure as a Black feminist commitment within popular culture to
Janet Jackson" who inspired the feminist perspective found in many pop
stars careers. Those who are considered to have followed in her
footsteps have been referred to as "Janet-come-lately's."
Other artists who have drawn comparison to her include Mýa,
Brandy, Tatyana Ali, Christina Milian, Lady Gaga,
Namie Amuro, and BoA. Sociologist Shayne Lee commented that
Janet enters the twilight of her reign as erotic Queen of Pop,
Beyoncé emerges as her likely successor." Joan Morgan of Essence
magazine remarked: "Jackson's Control,
Rhythm Nation 1814 and janet.
established the singer-dancer imprimatur standard in pop culture we
now take for granted. So when you're thinking of asking Miss Jackson,
'What have you done for me lately?' remember that Britney,
Beyoncé live in the house that
At age 18,
Janet Jackson eloped with singer
James DeBarge in September
1984. The marriage was annulled in November 1985. On March 31,
1991, Jackson married dancer/songwriter/director
Rene Elizondo Jr. The
marriage was kept a secret until the split was announced. In January
1999, the couple separated and were divorced in 2000. Elizondo
filed a multimillion-dollar lawsuit against her, estimated between
$10–25 million, which did not reach a settlement for three
From 2002-2009, Jackson dated music producer/rapper/song writer
Jermaine Dupri. In 2010, Jackson met Qatari businessman Wissam Al Mana
and began dating him shortly after that. The couple became engaged in
2012, and were married privately in 2012.  In 2016, Jackson
announced that they were expecting their first child together. On
January 3, 2017, Jackson gave birth to a son, Eissa Al Mana. In April
2017, it was announced that the couple had separated and were pursuing
a divorce. 
Awards and nominations
Main article: List of awards and nominations received by
Janet Jackson discography
Janet Jackson (1982)
Dream Street (1984)
Rhythm Nation 1814 (1989)
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope (1997)
All for You (2001)
Damita Jo (2004)
20 Y.O. (2006)
Janet Jackson filmography
Good Times (1977–79)
Diff'rent Strokes (1980–84)
Poetic Justice (1993)
Nutty Professor II: The Klumps (2000)
Why Did I Get Married?
Why Did I Get Married? (2007)
Why Did I Get Married Too?
Why Did I Get Married Too? (2010)
For Colored Girls
For Colored Girls (2010)
Rhythm Nation World Tour (1990)
Janet. World Tour (1993–1995)
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope Tour (1998–1999)
All for You Tour
All for You Tour (2001–2002)
Rock Witchu Tour
Rock Witchu Tour (2008)
Number Ones, Up Close and Personal
Number Ones, Up Close and Personal World Tour (2011)
Unbreakable World Tour (2015–2016)
State of the World Tour
State of the World Tour (2017)
True You (2011)
Honorific nicknames in popular music
List of artists who reached number one in the United States
List of best-selling music artists
List of best-selling music artists
List of best-selling music artists in the United States
List of best-selling singles
List of best-selling singles worldwide
List of highest-grossing concert tours
Janet Jackson portal
The Jackson Family portal
R&B and Soul Music portal
^ DiLallo, Matthew (June 21, 2015). "What Is
Janet Jackson's Net
Worth?". The Motley Fool. Retrieved April 8, 2017. Add it all up, and
Jackson has created $1.2 billion in entertainment value throughout her
career [...] After stripping out all the expenses associated with
those earnings, not to mention Jackson's personal expenses, she's left
with an estimated $175 million net worth.
^ Lindquist, David (December 20, 2012). "Top Hoosier musician #12:
Janet Jackson". The Indianapolis Star. Archived from the original on
July 8, 2015.
Janet Jackson's Greatest Hits Celebrated on 'Number Ones'" (Press
release). PR Newswire. October 13, 2009. Retrieved July 20,
^ Redmond, Lynn; Pearson, Muriel; Sher, Lauren (November 16, 2009).
Janet Jackson Blames Dr. Conrad Murray for Michael's Death". ABC
News. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
^ "Greatest of All Time Top Dance Club Artists". Billboard. Prometheus
Global Media. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k Cornwell 2002, pp. 2, 10, 24
^ Norment, Lynn (November 2001). "Janet: On her sexuality,
spirituality, failed marriages, and lessons learned". Jet. 57 (1).
p. 104. ISSN 0012-9011.
^ Fox, Norman. "Indian Summer". TV.com. CBS Interactive. Retrieved
September 3, 2010.
^ a b c Saunders, Michael (October 3, 1996). "The 3 Divas Janet
Jackson turns her focus inward". Boston Globe. p. D13.
Janet Jackson". AllMusic. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
^ a b c d e f g h i j "
Janet Jackson – Chart History: Billboard
200". Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
^ a b "
Janet Jackson – Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Albums".
Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2012.
^ "A Billboard Spotlight: Billboard Talent Almanac — 1984 Year-End
Charts" (PDF). Billboard (
Special Double). Billboard Publication.
December 24, 1983. pp. TA–14, TA–15, TA–20, TA–23.
Retrieved October 29, 2012.
Janet Jackson – Chart History: R&B/Hip-Hop Songs". Billboard.
Retrieved April 8, 2012.
^ "Dream Street –
Janet Jackson". AllMusic. Retrieved July 21,
^ a b c d Ritz, David (September 16, 1993). "Sexual healing". Rolling
Stone (665). p. 38. ISSN 0035-791X.
^ a b c d e Ripani 2002, pp. 130–153
^ a b c Gaar 2002, pp. 323–325
^ a b Cohen, Jonathan (December 15, 1999). "Billboard Feature: Janet
Jackson: Still In Control". Billboard. Archived from the original on
January 10, 2011. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
^ a b c d e f g h "American album certifications –
Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved August 21,
2009. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then
select Album, then click SEARCH
^ a b Norment, Lynn (April 2008). "Don't Call It A Come Back – 'I'm
Not Ready to Retire!'". Ebony. 63. Johnson Publishing Company.
pp. 74–. ISSN 0012-9011.
^ Johnson, Connie (February 23, 1986). "Jackson Jive". Los Angeles
Times. p. 78. ISSN 0458-3035.
Janet Jackson". Newsweek. 108 (3). July 21, 1986.
p. 61. ISSN 0028-9604.
^ Hoerburger, Rob (April 24, 1986). "
Janet Jackson: Control: Music
Reviews: Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on
April 30, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
^ "In Praise of Small Numbers". Billboard. 98 (52). Billboard
Publications. December 27, 1986. pp. 10, Y–17, Y–19, Y–20,
Y–21, Y–22, Y–23, Y–24, Y–26. Retrieved April 18,
^ "Veterans top Grammy nominations". The Herald. The McClatchy
Company. January 8, 1987.
^ Smith, Kathleen (January 26, 1987). "American Music Awards tonight
to honor Presley posthumously". St. Petersburg Times.
^ "Travis tops music award winners". Houston Chronicle. January 26,
1988. p. 1. ISSN 1074-7109.
^ Hamlin, Jesse (February 25, 1987). "Graced With a Grammy / Paul
Simon wins award for top album". San Francisco Chronicle.
^ Hilburn, Robert (January 11, 1987). "British Critics Turn All Ears
Los Angeles Times. p. 65. ISSN 0458-3035.
^ Ripani 2006, pp. 131–132, 152–153
Janet Jackson – 'Rhythm Nation' Sheet Music (Digital
Download)". Musicnotes.com. EMI Music Publishing. Retrieved August 27,
^ Pareles, Jon (September 17, 1989). "
Janet Jackson Adopts a New
Attitude: Concern". The New York Times. p. A.31.
^ Cocks, Jay (May 28, 1990). "Dancing on the charts". Time. 135 (22).
p. 87. ISSN 0040-781X.
^ Graham, Jefferson (December 15, 1989). "
Janet in command; Jackson
rules her own `Nation'; Highlights of a rhythmic life". USA Today.
^ Morse, Steve (November 20, 1989). "Changing Her Tune
New Conscience". Boston Globe. p. 30.
^ Aletti, Vince (October 19, 1998). "
Rhythm Nation 1814: Janet
Jackson: Review: Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. Archived from the
original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
^ Henderson, Eric (September 7, 2009). "
Rhythm Nation 1814: Music Review". Slant Magazine. Archived from the
original on September 13, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
^ "Cover Story: 'Design of a Decade' Features Ten Years of Hits". Jet.
Johnson Publication. November 6, 1995. pp. 54–58. Retrieved
June 9, 2011.
^ "The Biggest Brother-Sister Stars in Show Business History", Ebony,
46 (10), p. 40, ISSN 0012-9011
^ Eng, Joyce (May 21, 2012). "Adele, LMFAO Top Billboard Music Awards
– Today's News: Our Take". TV Guide. Retrieved December 13,
^ Macdonald, Patrick (December 28, 1990). "Ringing In 1991: Northwest
Top 10 Video Count-Down". The Seattle Times. p. 8.
^ Anderson, Susan (November 28, 1990). "Chronicle". The New York
Times. p. 7. ISBN 0-8118-6207-0. ISSN 0362-4331.
^ a b c d e "Artist:
Janet Jackson". The Recording Academy. Retrieved
March 18, 2015.
^ Jaynes 2005, p. 565
Janet Jackson Ends 'Rhythm Nation' Tour, Donates over $1/2 Million
to Fund Education Projects". Jet. 79 (13). January 14, 1991.
p. 56. ISSN 0021-5996.
Janet Combines Talent and Appeal for UNCF".
Los Angeles Sentinel.
March 3, 1994. p. B–3. ISSN 0890-4340.
^ Selvin, Joel (April 30, 1990). "Just Wholesome Glitz From Janet".
San Francisco Chronicle. p. F1.
^ "Names In The News
Janet Jackson Benefit Concert". Los Angeles
Times. February 5, 1990. p. 9. ISSN 0458-3035.
Janet Jackson Gets Star On Hollywood Walk Of Fame". Jet. 78 (4).
May 7, 1990. pp. 60–61. ISSN 0021-5996.
^ a b Kramarae & Spender 2000, p. 1408
^ a b "The Biggest Brother-Sister Stars in Show Business History".
Ebony. 46 (10). 1991. p. 40. ISSN 0012-9011.
^ Goldberg, M. (May 2, 1991). "
The Jacksons score big". Rolling Stone.
p. 32. ISSN 0035-791X.
^ a b She confirmed her status as today's Queen of Pop when, not long
ago, she signed a $35–$40 million recording contract with Virgin
Records. James Robert Parish (1995), Today's black Hollywood, Pinnacle
Books, p. 158, ISBN 978-0-8217-0104-1
^ a b "
Janet Jackson: Biography: Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone.
Retrieved April 9, 2008.
^ Mayfield, Geoff (August 5, 1995). "Between The Bullets". Billboard.
107 (31). Nielsen Business Media. p. 106. ISSN 0006-2510.
Retrieved July 28, 2010.
^ Loughlin, Sean (November 6, 2017). "Boardwalk hall looks to get
'nasty' with janet jackson". The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved
November 10, 2017.
^ a b c d Halstead & Cadman 2003
^ a b c d e f "
Janet Jackson – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard.
Retrieved October 29, 2012.
^ Verna, Paul; Morris, Chris; Morris, Edward (May 23, 1993).
"Pop/Spotlight". Billboard. p. 91.
Janet Jackson: Janet: Music Reviews". Rolling Stone. June 24, 1993.
Archived from the original on May 2, 2008. Retrieved September 9,
^ "Poetic Justice".
Rolling Stone (published August 19, 1993).
December 8, 2000. Archived from the original on April 9, 2010.
Retrieved June 13, 2008.
^ Howe, Desson (July 23, 1993). "Poetic Justice". The Washington Post.
Retrieved June 13, 2008.
^ Biddle, Frederic M. (March 22, 1994). "Fashion and fame team on
Oscar night". Boston Globe. p. 61.
^ "HFPA – Awards Search:
Janet Jackson". Hollywood Foreign Press
Association. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010. Retrieved
September 18, 2010.
^ Halstead & Cadman 2003, p. 85
Janet Jackson". Rolling Stone. September 30, 2004. Archived from
the original on December 23, 2007. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
^ Murray, Sonia (February 3, 1994). "Janet: The Queen of Pop: Michael
could lose his crown to his hot little sister". The Vancouver Sun.
p. C1. ISSN 0832-1299.
^ Graham, Renee (June 20, 1994). "
Janet Jackson: looks good, sounds
bad". Boston Globe. p. 34.
^ Snyder, Michael (February 18, 1994). "
Janet Jackson Makes All The
Right Moves / Singer brings extravaganza to San Jose". San Francisco
Chronicle. p. C1.
Jon Pareles (December 20, 1993). "Wrapped in Song and Spectacle,
Janet Jackson Plays the Garden". The New York Times. p. C.11.
^ Corliss, Richard; Sachs, Andrea (September 6, 1993). "Society: Who's
Bad? An age of innocence may be at an end as Michael Jackson, the
Peter Pan of pop, confronts accusations that he sexually abused one of
his young friends". Time. p. 54.
^ Hilburn, Robert (June 27, 1994). "I Think I've Finally Grown Up".
Newsday. p. 10.
^ Boepple, Leanne (November 1, 1995). "Scream: space odyssey
Jackson-style.(video production; Michael and
Janet Jackson video)".
Theatre Crafts International. 29. p. 52.
^ George, Nelson (2004). Michael Jackson: The Ultimate Collection
(booklet). Sony BMG.
^ McIntyre, Hugh (August 24, 2014). "The 5 Most Expensive Music Videos
Of All Time". Forbes. Retrieved May 22, 2015.
^ "Record Application Search". Guinness World Records. Retrieved May
22, 2014. Directed by
Mark Romanek (USA), the video for Michael and
Janet Jackson's hit single Scream (1995) cost $7 million (£4.4
million) to make. Enter Expensive Music Video in the search
field and then press Enter
^ Walcott, Wes (April 5, 2016). "15 Of The Most Expensive Music Videos
Ever Made". Goliath. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
^ Strauss, Neil (November 20, 1995). "The Pop Life". The New York
Times. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
^ Fred, Bronson (September 16, 1995). "
Janet Jackson Has Done It
Again". Billboard. 107 (37). Nielsen Business Media. p. 96.
ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved April 17, 2010.
^ Lathwell, David (November 23, 2009). "
Janet Jackson at her best –
Queer Sighted". queersighted.com. Archived from the original on
February 11, 2010. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
^ Morse, Steve (November 3, 1995). "Pure pop for power women Janet
Jackson, Bonnie Raitt,
Yoko Ono and Madonna flex their musical
muscle". Boston Globe. p. 51. ISSN 0743-1791.
Janet Jackson Hits Big; $80 Million Record Deal". Newsday. January
13, 1996. p. A02.
^ Davidson, Casey (January 26, 1996). "News & Notes".
Entertainment Weekly. p. 15. They don't call it jackpot for
nothing. After much speculation,
Janet Jackson, 29, clinched a
reported four-album, $80 million deal with Virgin Records, making her
the music industry's highest-paid performer (over brother Michael and
Madonna, who each got $60 million deals in the early '90s)
^ Farley, Christopher John; Thigpen, David E.; Ressner, Jeffrey
(January 29, 1996). "Business: Are they worth all that cash? Janet
Jackson's record-breaking $80 million contract could set off a new
wave of pop-music megadeals". Time. p. 54.
R.E.M. Signs $80M Deal". Newsday. August 26, 1996. Rock band R.E.M.
later signed an $80 million recording contract with Warner Bros.
Records in August 1996; sources compared the group's record deal with
Jackson's contract, but quoted her earning $70 million
Janet Discusses Depression With 'Newsweek'". MTV. November 11,
1997. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
^ a b "Cover Story:
Janet Jackson Returns With Hit Album, New Look".
Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. November 1997. pp. 60–63.
ISSN 0021-5996. Retrieved April 20, 2014.
^ Pareles, Jon (October 7, 1997). "Critic's Choice/Pop CD's; Love Can
Get Complicated (Ouch!)". The New York Times. Retrieved January 16,
^ Flick, Larry (December 3, 1998). "The Year in Music". Billboard. 109
(52). p. 16. ISSN 0006-2510.
Janet Jackson's Greatest Hits Celebrated on Number Ones". PR
Newswire. Universal Music Enterprises:
Cision Inc. October 14, 2009.
Retrieved October 14, 2009.
^ Anderson, Kyle (August 7, 2013). "Mark Romanek: Inside Stories on 8
Classic Videos —
Janet Jackson, 'Got 'Til It's Gone' (1997)".
Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
^ FYI > Together Again. UNAIDS Outlook Report. Joint United Nations
Programme on HIV/AIDS. July 2010. p. 30.
^ "Causing a Commotion". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the
original on June 13, 2011. Retrieved January 13, 2012.
^ "Naked Music Videos (Pg. 2)". Vibe. March 25, 2010. Retrieved
February 19, 2014.
^ McCormick, Neil (October 18, 1997). "The Arts: Give her enough
rope ... Reviews Rock CDs". The Daily Telegraph.
Janet Jackson: The Velvet Rope: Music Reviews : Rolling
Rolling Stone (776/777). December 18, 1997. Archived from the
original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved September 9, 2010.
^ a b c McCarthy, Marc (April 1, 2008). "
Janet Jackson to be Honored
at 19th Annual
GLAAD Media Awards
GLAAD Media Awards in Los Angeles" (Press release).
GLAAD. Archived from the original on June 8, 2008. Retrieved June 10,
^ a b c Hilburn, Robert (September 20, 1998). "
Janet Jackson Learns
The Ropes Singer Learns To Like Herself On The Way To Creating The
Lavishly Staged Velvet Rope Tour". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
p. G3. ISSN 1068-624X.
^ "HBO's Exclusive Live Concert Event Janet: The Velvet Rope" (Press
release). Time Warner. October 14, 1998. Archived from the original on
September 27, 2007. Retrieved March 9, 2008.
^ "Don Cheadle,
Janet Jackson, Chris Rock, Cicely Tyson Among
Primetime Emmy Nominees". Jet. 96 (11). Johnson Publishing Company.
August 16, 1999. pp. 57–58. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
^ Kim McAvoy. "
HBO makes the most of music". Broadcasting & Cable.
128 (36). p. 30.
^ "Shaggy – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved October
Blackstreet – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved
October 29, 2012.
^ a b "
Busta Rhymes – Chart History: Hot 100". Billboard. Retrieved
October 29, 2012.
^ "Global Pulse: Smith, Hill Top World Awards". Billboard. May 6,
1999. Archived from the original on November 29, 2010. Retrieved
September 16, 2008.
^ Mayfield, Geoff (December 25, 1999). "Totally '90s: Diary of a
decade". Billboard. 111 (112). ISSN 0006-2510.
^ Singleton, Keenan (2000). "The Klumps has its moments but collapses
under own weight". The Daily Cougar. Retrieved February 19,
^ LaSalle, Mick (July 31, 2000), "`Professor' Moves Out Smartly /
Hollywood's summer better than expected", San Francisco Chronicle,
^ "Box Office; Home Edition",
Los Angeles Times, p. F–28,
August 3, 2000
^ Jeckell, Barry (January 10, 2001), "
MTV To Honor
Billboard, retrieved March 16, 2008
^ "Billboard Bits: AMAs, They Might Be Giants, Ricky Scaggs",
Billboard, January 4, 2001, retrieved May 3, 2008
^ Martens, Todd (May 3, 2001), "
Janet Reigns Supreme On Billboard
Charts", Billboard, retrieved April 17, 2008
^ Pareles, Jon (May 4, 2001), "Album of the Week", The New York Times,
retrieved July 20, 2008
Janet Jackson dévoile la vidéo de "Make Me"". Charts in France.
Retrieved September 28, 2010.
^ a b vanHorn, Teri (March 9, 2001),
Janet Jackson Single Breaks
Radio, Chart Records, MTV, retrieved May 23, 2008
^ Trust, Gary (February 16, 2011). "
Lady Gaga Claims 1,000th Hot 100
No. 1 with 'Born This Way'". Billboard. Retrieved February 16,
^ Martens, Todd (May 17, 2001), "Seven And Counting For
Janet At No.
1", Billboard, retrieved April 17, 2008
^ Caulfield, Keith (December 24, 2006), "Ask Billboard", Billboard,
retrieved April 17, 2008
^ "Music DVD Review:
Janet Jackson – Live in Hawaii (Re-Release)".
Blog Critics. March 31, 2008. Archived from the original on February
1, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2014.
^ Esparza, Rafael; Massey, David; Scalese, Rudy (October 6, 2001),
"Let Jackson's Energetic Beat Go On",
Los Angeles Times,
^ Harrington, Richard (August 18, 2001). "
Janet Jackson, Diva Dynamo".
The Washington Post. Retrieved September 28, 2010.
^ Massy, Bob (November 2001). "
Janet Jackson, August 17, 2001, MCI
Center, Washington, D.C." Spin. Vol. 17 no. 11. p. 54.
Janet Jackson Announces '
All for You Tour
All for You Tour 2001'; Alliance to Support
Boys & Girls Clubs of America; Ticket Proceeds To Be Donated As
Part Of Nationwide Campaign, Business Wire, May 30, 2001
^ "Miss Jackson Gettin' It On With Grammy Co-Presenter". Popdirt.
March 21, 2002. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
Justin Timberlake Lets Music Ease Toll On His Heart". Orlando
Sentinel. Abott, Jim. July 13, 2002. Retrieved January 4, 2014.
^ Norment, Lynn (February 2008), "
Janet & Jermaine", Ebony, 63
(4), p. 82, ISSN 0012-9011
^ a b Apologetic Jackson says 'costume reveal' went awry, CNN,
February 3, 2004, retrieved May 20, 2006
^ Jackson's apology can't stem mass anger, ESPN, retrieved March 9,
^ "Numbers", Time, 163 (7), p. 19, February 16, 2004,
^ Burke, Monte (March 1, 2004), "The Ripple Effect", Time, 173 (4),
p. 46, ISSN 0015-6914
^ Star-studded 2007 edition of
Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records released, CBC
News, September 29, 2006, retrieved March 19, 2012
^ CBS's sister network, which produced the halftime show
^ Davidson, Paul (July 22, 2008), "FCC loses appeal of 'wardrobe
malfunction' fine", USA Today, p. 2b, ISSN 0734-7456
^ "Jackson banned from Grammys for Super Bowl stunt". The Telegraph.
May 4, 2004. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
Janet Jackson, don't play me, CNN, Associated Press, February
4, 2004, archived from the original (– Scholar search) on February
20, 2005, retrieved April 3, 2008
^ "Bust Stop". Entertainment Weekly. Susman, Gary. March 3, 2004.
Retrieved January 4, 2014.
^ "No. 1 Usher Holds
Janet To No. 2 Debut", Billboard, retrieved
October 21, 2009
^ "Burned: Usher's Confessions of Sexual Prowess Hovers Near The
Charts' Tops, but the Naughty
Janet Jackson Offers More Sexual
Intimacy on Damita Jo – Baltimore City Paper". City Paper. Wood,
Mikael. June 9, 2004. Archived from the original on December 10, 2013.
Retrieved January 4, 2014.
^ "Fear of a Black Titty – Page 1 – Music – Los Angeles". LA
Weekly. Hardy, Ernest. May 6, 2004. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
Janet Jackson Biography". People. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
^ a b "Nipple Ripples: 10 Years of Fallout From
Halftime Show". Rolling Stone. Kreps, Daniel. January 30, 2014.
Retrieved January 30, 2014.
^ Blackballed – Panache Report, Panach Report, 2004, retrieved June
^ Tannenbaum, Robert (2004). America's Most Wanted. Blender Magazine.
^ "Awaiting 'Damita Jo': SouthCoastToday.com". South Coast Today.
March 29, 2004. Retrieved October 15, 2013.
^ "A "Sexploration":
Janet Jackson's "Damita Jo" album gets lost in
the lust". March 29, 2004. Archived from the original on January 22,
2014. Retrieved February 7, 2014.
^ Hope, Clover (February 4, 2008), "Together Again:
Billboard, retrieved March 23, 2008
^ Hay, Carla (August 28, 2004), "The Billboard Backbeat", Billboard,
116 (35), pp. 60–61
^ "New York Chapter Of 100 Black Men Honors
Janet Jackson, Hank Aaron,
Johnnetta Cole, Willie Gary", Jet, 106 (23), p. 28, December 6,
2004, ISSN 0021-5996
^ Browne, J. Zamgba (November 18, 2004), "
Janet Jackson stirs up
controversy at annual gala of 100 Black Men", New York Amsterdam News,
95 (47), p. 8, ISSN 0028-7121
^ Berry, Steve (November 11, 2004), "
Janet Jackson stirs up
controversy at annual gala of 100 Black Men", The Columbus Dispatch,
95 (47), p. 12.D, ISSN 1074-097X
Janet Jackson Receives HRC Award – Towleroad, Towleroad.com, June
20, 2005, retrieved September 9, 2010
^ a b c Coveney, Janine (September 5, 2006), "Janet's Juggernaut",
Billboard, retrieved September 13, 2010
^ The best-selling issue in
Us Weekly history was the
mag, which sold a record 1.4 million the week of May 26. Kelly, Keith
(June 23, 2006), "MLad Mag's Coverup – Fhm Wraps Racy Glossy After
Hudson News Complaint", New York Post, p. 36
^ a b Serpick, Evan (October 3, 2006),
Janet Jackson: 20 Y.O. :
Music Reviews : Rolling Stone, archived from the original on May
3, 2008, retrieved July 19, 2010
Janet Blacklist?, TMZ, July 28, 2006, retrieved June 18, 2013
^ "Ask Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved July 14, 2010.
^ Ebony – April 2008, April 2008, retrieved June 5, 2010
^ Mitchell, Gail; Garrity, Brian (November 4, 2006), "Dupri Exit Fuels
Rumors", Billboard, 118 (44), p. 10, ISSN 0006-2510
^ "Post-Katrina Music...and an
American Idol Dropout". Slant Magazine.
Cinquemani, Sal. September 11, 2006. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
^ Goldman, Lea; Kiri Blakeley (January 18, 2007), "The 20 Richest
Women In Entertainment", Forbes, retrieved September 3, 2008
^ Ryan, Joal (October 15, 2007), "Just Call It Tyler Perry's Box
Office", E! News, retrieved September 17, 2010
^ Scheib, Ronnie (October 2007), "Tyler Perry's Why Did I Get
Married?", Variety, 408 (10), p. 32, ISSN 0042-2738
^ Morris, Wesley (October 13, 2007). "'Married' is involving, if not
blissful". The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
Janet Jackson Sets Sights On Fall Tour, Book", Billboard, July 3,
2008, retrieved February 7, 2014
Janet – Chart history". Billboard. Retrieved March 24,
^ Christian, Margena A (March 3, 2008), "NAACP Honors Showbiz
Veterans, Newcomers At Image Awards", Jet, 113 (8), p. 52
Jermaine Dupri Says
Janet Will Switch Labels, Be On 'Rush Hour 3'
MTV News. May 9, 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2014.
^ Harrington, Jim (September 14, 2008), "Review: The hits kept coming
Janet Jackson's Oakland show", Oakland Tribune,
^ Concepcion, Mariel, "
Janet Jackson Parts Ways With Island Def Jam",
Billboard, retrieved September 22, 2008
^ "Week Ending April 11, 2010: Bieber Bounces Back". Yahoo!. April 14,
2010. Archived from the original on April 17, 2010. Retrieved May 16,
Janet Jackson splits with record label", NME, September 20, 2008,
retrieved October 8, 2009
^ Carter, Kelley (June 28, 2009), "An emotional
Janet Jackson thanks
BET Awards", USA Today, retrieved June 28, 2009
^ a b Brown, Laura (October 2009), "
Janet Jackson Takes Control",
Harper's Bazaar, p. 244, ISSN 0017-7873
^ Kaufman, Gil (September 13, 2009), VMAs Kick Off with Madonna and
Janet's Tribute to Michael Jackson,
MTV News, retrieved September 14,
^ Kinon, Cristina (September 11, 2009), "
Janet Jackson to do dance
tribute for Michael to kick off VMAs", Daily News, New York, retrieved
September 19, 2009
^ Slezak, Michael (September 13, 2009), "
Janet Jackson single-handedly
MTV VMA tribute to Michael Jackson", Entertainment Weekly,
retrieved September 16, 2009
^ Kaufman, Gil (November 22, 2009),
Janet Jackson Kicks Off American
Music Awards With Energetic Medley/Singer performed her new single,
'Make Me.', MTV, retrieved November 22, 2009
Janet Jackson – Capital FM, 95.8 Capital FM, October 20, 2009,
retrieved October 20, 2009
^ Kaufman, Gil (September 14, 2009),
Janet Jackson Releases New Single
Following VMA Performance, MTV, retrieved September 14, 2009
^ "Chart Highlights: Adult Contemporary, Pop, Jazz & More".
Billboard. December 21, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2009.
Janet Jackson to Chair amfAR's Inaugural
Milan Fashion Week Event,
amfAR, August 24, 2009, retrieved September 28, 2009
^ Flint, Joe (April 5, 2010), "Tyler Perry's impressive weekend", Los
Angeles Times, retrieved April 6, 2010
^ Hale, Mike (April 7, 2010), "Tyler Perry's Why Did I Get Married
Too? (2010): At Couples' Reunion, Laughs, Then Grief", The New York
Times, retrieved April 7, 2010
^ Cooper, Jackie (April 5, 2010), ""Tyler Perry's Why Did I Get
Married Too?": Why Did He Make a Two?", The Huffington Post, retrieved
April 6, 2010
^ "The 42nd
NAACP Image Awards – Motion Picture" Archived January
12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., NAACP Image Awards, January 12,
2011. Retrieved January 12, 2011.
^ Rodriguez, Jayson (February 18, 2010),"
Jermaine Dupri Says New Janet
Jackson Song Is 'A Good Record'" Archived February 22, 2010, at the
Wayback Machine., MTV. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
^ Downey, Ryan J. (May 27, 2010). "'American Idol' Finale Ratings the
Lowest Since Season One".
MTV News. Retrieved May 27, 2010.
^ Ella Ngo (July 29, 2010), Poll: Are You Fur or Against Janet
Jackson's New Ad, E!, retrieved July 29, 2010
Janet Jackson’s New Ad Campaign for
Blackglama Fur Is …,
PETA.org, July 16, 2010, retrieved March 23, 2017
^ Donnelly, Erin (November 21, 2011). "
Janet Jackson's Blackglama
Collection". Fashion Etc. Retrieved May 7, 2014.
^ Christopher John Farley (November 2, 2010), "
Janet Jackson Tackles
Poetry in 'For Colored Girls'",
The Wall Street Journal, retrieved
November 2, 2010
^ Manohla Dargis (November 4, 2010), "A Powerful Chorus Harmonizing
'Dark Phrases of Womanhood'", The New York Times, retrieved November
^ Randy Myers (November 4, 2010), "Review: Cast elevates 'For Colored
Girls' from soap opera territory", San Jose Mercury News, retrieved
November 4, 2010
Black Reel Awards Nominations, Black Reel Awards, December 15,
2010, archived from the original on December 21, 2010, retrieved
December 17, 2010
^ a b c "
Janet Jackson Announces 2011 Plans, Asks Fans for Questions",
The Boombox, AOL, November 19, 2010, retrieved November 19, 2010
^ Amber Katz (December 10, 2010), This
Barbie Doll Is
All We Want For Christmas!, MTV, retrieved April 8, 2011
^ Schuessler, Jennifer (February 28, 2011), "Best Sellers – The New
York Times", The New York Times, retrieved February 28, 2011
^ Pamela McClintock (March 15, 2011), "
Janet Jackson Signs Film
Production Deal with Lionsgate (Exclusive)", The Hollywood Reporter,
retrieved March 17, 2011
Janet Jackson to Perform at Paris' Louvre Museum", The Hollywood
Reporter, April 6, 2011, retrieved April 8, 2011
^ Sonya E (April 8, 2011), "
Janet Jackson To Make History In Paris",
Sister 2 Sister, archived from the original on April 11, 2011,
retrieved April 9, 2011
Janet Jackson Featured In New
Blackglama Ad Campaign", RTTNews,
August 25, 2011. Retrieved August 26, 2011.
^ Coleen Nika (November 23, 2011), "News Roundup: Lady Gaga's Barney's
Workshop, Rihanna's Collection,
Janet Jackson's New Line And More",
Rolling Stone, retrieved November 29, 2011
^ a b Elizabeth Olson (December 14, 2011), "Weight Loss, With Divas
and Public Service", The New York Times, retrieved January 3,
^ Michelle Salemi (May 23, 2013), "
Janet Jackson's AmfAR Advocacy Goes
Beyond Galas", Variety, retrieved November 12, 2013
Janet Jackson Teams Up with
UNICEF to Fight Hunger, ETonline,
February 25, 2013, retrieved December 11, 2013
^ Billboard Staff (May 16, 2015). "
Janet Jackson Announces New Album,
Tour". Billboard. United States. Prometheus Global Media. Archived
from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
^ McLaughlin, Eliott C.; Sutton, Joe (May 17, 2015). "'From my lips,'
Janet Jackson announces new album, world tour". United States: CNN.
Turner Broadcasting System
Turner Broadcasting System (Time Warner). Archived from the original
on May 20, 2015. Retrieved May 17, 2015.
^ Andrew Hampp (June 3, 2015). "
Janet Jackson to Release New Album
This Fall Via Rhythm Nation/BMG". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media.
Retrieved June 3, 2015.
Janet Jackson back with new album – and record-breaking new deal
with BMG", The Guardian, June 3, 2015, retrieved June 5, 2015
^ Hampp, Andrew (June 15, 2015). "
Janet Jackson Announces Unbreakable
World Tour". Billboard. United States. Prometheus Global Media.
Archived from the original on June 16, 2015. Retrieved June 15,
^ Erika Ramirez (June 22, 2015). "
Janet Jackson Releases New Song, 'No
Sleep': Listen". Billboard. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
^ Gary Trust (July 1, 2015). "Wiz Khalifa No. 1 on Hot 100 'Again,'
Selena Gomez Debuts at No. 9". Billboard. Retrieved July 1,
Janet Jackson Leads Trending 140, Pentatonix's Michael Jackson
Medley Hits Top Five". Retrieved September 24, 2015.
^ Gary Trust (August 6, 2015). "Hot 100 Chart Moves: Charlie Puth
& Meghan Trainor's 'Marvin Gaye' Hits Top 40". Billboard.
Retrieved August 10, 2015.
^ Amaya Mendizabal (September 29, 2015). "
Janet Jackson's 'No Sleeep'
Becomes Her Longest-Running No. 1 on Adult R&B Songs". Billboard.
Retrieved September 30, 2015.
^ Gerrick D. Kennedy (June 23, 2015), "
BET to honor
Janet Jackson with
new 'Icon' award",
Los Angeles Times, retrieved June 26, 2015
^ Antoinette Bueno (June 30, 2015). "EXCLUSIVE:
Announces a Surprising New Venture". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved
July 1, 2015.
^ Jeremy Gordon (August 20, 2015). "
Janet Jackson Titles New Album,
Previews "The Great Forever"". Retrieved August 20, 2015.
^ Joe Lynch (August 20, 2015). "
Janet Jackson Teases Upbeat New Song
'The Great Forever,' Confirms Album Title". Billboard. Retrieved
August 20, 2015.
^ Kyle Anderson (August 28, 2015). "6 things we now know about Janet
Jackson's new album, thanks to Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis".
Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 28, 2015.
^ Will Robinson (September 3, 2015). "
Janet Jackson shares powerful
new single, 'Unbreakable'". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved September
^ Jacobs, Matthew (September 25, 2015). "
Janet Jackson And Missy
Elliott 'BURNITUP!' With Their New Song". The Huffington Post.
Retrieved September 26, 2015.
^ Jim Fusilli (September 29, 2015). "'Unbreakable' by
The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2015.
Jon Pareles (September 30, 2015). "Review:
'Unbreakable' Focuses on Love Outside the Bedroom". The New York
Times. Retrieved September 30, 2015.
^ Elysa Gardner (October 1, 2015). "Album of the week:
turns reflective on 'Unbreakable'". USA Today. Retrieved October 1,
^ Mikael Wood (October 1, 2015). "Review
Janet Jackson's new
'Unbreakable' includes a tender tribute to Michael". Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
^ Alex Macpherson (October 1, 2015). "
Janet Jackson: Unbreakable
review – sunny serenity on reflective 11th album". The Guardian.
Retrieved October 1, 2015.
^ a b Lisa Respers France (October 8, 2015). "
Janet Jackson, N.W.A.,
Los Lobos among
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame nominees". CNN. Retrieved
October 8, 2015.
^ Keith Caulfield (October 11, 2015). "
Janet Jackson Earns Historic
Seventh No. 1 Album on
Billboard 200 Chart". Billboard. Retrieved
October 11, 2015.
Janet Jackson Delays Tour; Planning Family, Ordered to Rest". ABC
News. April 6, 2016. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
^ Vulpo, Mike (May 1, 2017). "Watch
Janet Jackson Confirm Separation
From Wissam Al Mana". E! Online. United States: NBCUniversal.
Retrieved May 1, 2017.
^ Yoo, Noah; Sodomsky, Sam (May 1, 2017). "
Janet Jackson Sets Date for
Rescheduled Tour Pitchfork". Pitchfork. United States: Condé Nast.
Retrieved May 1, 2017.
^ Danielle Kwateng-Clark (September 8, 2017). "
Janet Jackson 'Snatched
Wigs' At First State Of The World Tour". Essence. Retrieved September
^ Desire Thompson (September 8, 2017). "
Janet Jackson Returns With
Political Message On "State Of The World" Tour". Vibe. Retrieved
September 11, 2017.
^ Wilson, Jeff. "Randy Jackson, Michael's Brother, Gets Jail for Wife
Beating". apnewsarchive.com. Retrieved November 27, 2017.
^ Gil Kaufman (September 11, 2017). "
Janet Jackson Gets Emotional
While Performing Song About Abuse For the First Time in 18 Years".
Billboard. Retrieved September 11, 2017.
^ Janine Rubenstien (September 12, 2017). "
Janet Jackson Was 'Verbally
Abused' by Ex, Randy Claims". People. Retrieved September 12,
^ Joi-Marie McKenzie (September 10, 2017). "
Janet Jackson breaks down
in tears at Houston tour stop". ABC News. Retrieved September 11,
Janet Jackson will headline
FYF Fest as the taste-making brand
tries to repair its reputation". 2018-03-30. Retrieved
^ Stephen Holden (April 7, 1991), "Big Stars, Big Bucks and the Big
Gamble", The New York Times, p. A.24, ISSN 0362-4331
^ Roger Love; Donna Frazier (2009), Set Your Voice Free: How To Get
The Singing Or Speaking Voice You Want, Little, Brown and Company,
^ Henderson, Eric (2003), "
Slant Magazine Music Review:
Control", Slant, archived from the original on December 19, 2003,
retrieved June 30, 2008
^ Andriessen, Louis; Maja Trochimczyk (2002), The music of Louis
Andriessen, Routledge, p. 61, ISBN 978-0-8153-3789-8
^ J.D. Considine (July 11, 1998), "It's Her `Velvet Rope' Tour, but
Janet Jackson Gets Lost in the Crowd; Music Review: Back-up Singers,
Help Make the Show Lively", The Sun, p. 4.E
^ Robinson, Wendy (February 9, 2014), "
Janet Jackson: Rhythm Nation
Compilation", PopMatters, retrieved February 9, 2014
^ "FLUXBLOG: New, Unusual, Trendy, and Zany", Fluxblog, Perpelus,
Matthew, July 2, 2008, archived from the original on October 12, 2008,
retrieved February 20, 2014
^ Pareles, Jon (April 25, 1986), "Pop and Jazz Guide", The New York
Times, pp. C.23, ISSN 0362-4331
^ a b Cinquemani, Sal (November 19, 2009), "
Janet Jackson: Number
Ones", Slant Magazine, archived from the original on November 16,
2009, retrieved November 19, 2009
^ Vincent, Rickey; George Clinton (1996), Funk: The Music, The People,
and The Rhythm of The One, Macmillan, pp. 272, 284,
^ Richard Rischar (2004), "A Vision of Love: An Etiquette of Vocal
Ornamentation in African-American Popular Ballads of the Early 1990s",
American Music, University of Illinois Press, 22 (3): 408,
^ Miller, Michael (2008), The Complete Idiot's Guide to Music History,
Penguin Group, p. 205, ISBN 978-1-59257-751-4
Greg Kot (February 28, 1994), "Fighting Another Grammy Whammy
'Janet' Producers Defend Jackson's Role", Chicago Tribune, p. 5,
^ Karla Peterson (February 26, 1994), "Pop goes
Janet in concert full
of programmed flash", U-T San Diego, p. E.6
^ Smith 1996, p. 324
^ a b Reynolds, Simon; Joy Press (1996), The Sex Revolts: Gender,
Rebellion, and Rock 'n' Roll, Harvard University Press, p. 297,
^ a b c Ritz, David (October 1, 1998), "Sex, sadness & the triumph
Janet Jackson", Rolling Stone, retrieved April 23, 2008
^ MacCambridge, Michael (October 19, 1989), "Worth a note", Austin
American-Statesman, p. G.2
^ a b Goren, Lilly (2009), You've Come A Long Way, Baby: Women,
Politics, and Popular Culture, University Press of Kentucky,
p. 61, ISBN 978-0-8131-2544-2
^ a b Jessie Carney Smith (2010), Encyclopedia of African American
Popular Culture, ABC-CLIO, pp. 738, 739,
^ Timothy E. Scheurer (2007), Born in the USA: The Myth of America in
Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present, University Press of
Mississippi, p. 224, ISBN 978-1-934110-56-0
^ a b c Shayne Lee (2010), Erotic Revolutionaries: Black Women,
Sexuality, and Popular Culture, Government Institutes,
pp. 12–16, ISBN 978-0-7618-5228-5
^ a b c Klein, Joshua (April 25, 2001), "
Janet Jackson's Lighthearted
Lament About Lost Love", The Washington Post, p. C01
^ Ritz, David (2004). The Naked Truth. Upscale. p. 64.
^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2004), Damita Jo, AllMusic, retrieved
February 8, 2009
^ Mitoma, Judy; Judith Mitoma; Elizabeth Zimmer; Dale Ann Stieber;
Nelli Heinonen; Norah Zuniga Shaw (2002), Envisioning dance on film
and video, Routledge, p. 16, ISBN 0-415-94171-7
^ Cutcher, Jenai (2003), Feel the Beat: Dancing in Music Videos, The
Rosen Publishing Group, pp. 14–16,
^ Chambers, Veronica (September 7, 1997). "She's Not Anybody's Baby
Sister Anymore". The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
Janet Jackson – From Janet. To Damita Jo: The Videos – music
DVD reviews". MusicOMH. Hogwood, Ben. 2004. Archived from the original
on May 13, 2013. Retrieved December 25, 2013.
^ Norment, Lynn (November 1, 2000), "Janet: At the crossroads", Ebony,
56 (1), p. 180, ISSN 0012-9011
^ a b Beretta E. Smith-Shomade (2002), Shaded Lives: African-American
Women and Television, Rutgers University Press, p. 86
^ a b Stephanie Jordan; Dave Allen (1993), Parallel Lines: Media
Representations of Dance, Indiana University Press, p. 68
^ Helmi Järviluoma; Pirkko Moisala; Anni Vilkko (2003), Gender and
Qualitative Methods, Sage Publications, p. 92,
^ Jean M. Twenge (2007), Generation Me: Why Today's Young Americans
are More Confident, Assertive, Entitled—and More Miserable Than Ever
Before, Simon & Schuster, p. 167
^ Sal Cinquemani and Ed Gonzalez (June 30, 2003), "100 Greatest Music
Videos", Slant Magazine, retrieved March 9, 2012
^ Letkemann, Jessica (August 1, 2011). "The 10 Best '80s Music Videos:
Poll Results". Billboard. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
^ Barber, Nicholas (June 7, 1998), "Rock music:
Janet Jackson gets
lost in her own limelight", The Independent, p. 6
Janet Jackson receives American Music Awards' Top Honor
Highlighting Stellar Career", Jet, 99 (7), p. 56, January 29,
2001, ISSN 0021-5996
^ a b Willman, Chris (April 23, 1990), "Pop Music Review Janet
Jackson's Dance of Community",
Los Angeles Times, p. 1,
^ Glenn Gamboa (March 18, 2011), "The magnificent 7 Our critic's take
Janet Jackson's top hits before her musical comeback", Newsday,
^ Christensen, Thor (September 15, 2001), "Loose Lips: Pop Singers'
Lip-Syncing In Concert Is An Open Secret", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette,
p. B.8, ISSN 1068-624X
^ a b MacCambridge, Michael (July 6, 1990), "A lesson in `Control' //
Janet Jackson delivers precise, sparkling show", Austin
American-Statesman, p. B.8
^ Ratliff, Ben (March 20, 2011), "First-Person Reflections on a Pop
Career", The New York Times, retrieved April 1, 2011
^ Chris Richards (March 23, 2011), "
Janet Jackson lets fans see her
sweat with energized Constitution Hall show", The Washington Post,
retrieved April 1, 2011
^ "Sultry songstress
Lena Horne dies", The Washington Times, May 10,
2010, retrieved July 12, 2010
^ Liz Smith (June 4, 1993), "
Janet Jackson as Dandridge?", Los Angeles
Times, p. 2, ISSN 0458-3035
^ Penn, Roberta (September 5, 1997), "
Janet Jackson digs deep and gets
personal in latest album", The Fresno Bee, p. E.4,
Janet Jackson Returns with Hit Album and New Look", Jet, 92 (26),
p. 60, November 17, 1997
^ "The Immortals – The Greatest Artists of All Time: 61) Tina
Turner", Rolling Stone, April 22, 2005, retrieved April 26, 2009
^ Kevin Phinney (September 21, 1989), "Jackson takes control on latest
album // Songstress instrumental in signing producers, writing lyrics
for `Rhythm Nation'", Austin American-Statesman, p. F.2
Janet Jackson: Rolling Stone", Rolling Stone, 2008, archived from
the original on April 19, 2008, retrieved April 23, 2008
^ "Artist Influences for
Janet Jackson". MTV. Retrieved July 4,
^ Strong, Martin (2004), The Great Rock Discography: Complete
Discographies Listing Every Track, Canongate U.S., p. 749,
^ Steve Dollar (July 23, 2000), "A Little
Help From Her Friends",
Newsday, p. D.07
^ McCarthy, Phillip (February 25, 2008), "The Sun Herald —
Don't mention Michael", The Sydney Morning Herald, retrieved October
^ Huey, Steve (2008),
Janet Jackson > Biography, AllMusic,
retrieved June 7, 2008
Janet Jackson is a big deal these days, the Queen of Pop, though we
can still call her by her first name. So little is she trading off the
fame of her brother, so completely has she become her own thing, she
has all but abandoned the family name. Tour posters, tickets and
recent album — all say, quite simply "Janet", and leave it at
that. Smith, Giles (April 21, 1996), "Slow riffs, fast riffs,
midriffs", The Independent, p. 26, ISSN 0951-9467
^ Over the next few years, a significant proportion of music industry
revenues were generated by a handful of superstar artists; in addition
to Michael Jackson, there were Lionel Richie, Madonna, Prince, Bruce
Springsteen, Whitney Houston, Tina Turner, Wham!, Phil Collins, Steve
Winwood, Huey Lewis and the News, the Pointer Sisters,
Anita Baker, and a handful of others. A surprising number of the new
superstars were black. This was perhaps the first hint that the
greater cosmopolitanism of a world market might produce some changes
in the complexion of popular music. Garofalo, Reebee (1999), "From
Music Publishing to MP3: Music and Industry in the Twentieth Century",
American Music, 17 (3): 343, doi:10.2307/3052666
^ Mahon, Maureen (2004), Right to Rock: The Black Rock Coalition and
the Cultural Politics of Race, Duke University Press, p. 163,
^ Smith-Shomade, Beretta E. (2002), Shaded lives: African-American
women and television, Rutgers University Press, p. 181,
^ Millner, Denene (January 12, 1996), "Dueling Divas Top Five Singers
Slug It Out To See Who's The Real Queen Of Pop", Daily News, New York,
retrieved October 15, 2009
^ DeCurtis, Anthony (1992), Present tense: rock & roll and
culture, Duke University Press, p. 257,
^ McDermott, Leon (March 28, 2004), "Going bust?; Damita Jo ought to
Janet Jackson's big comeback album, says Leon McDermott, but
after that incident at the Super Bowl will America forgive her?",
Sunday Herald, p. 3
Simon Reynolds (2011), Bring the Noise: 20 Years of Writing About
Hip Rock and Hip Hop, Soft Skull Press, p. 226,
Janet Jackson Renews Contract With
Virgin Records For Blockbuster
Deal", Jet, 89 (13), p. 35, ISSN 0021-5996
^ J.D. Considine (July 25, 1999), "Ranking the Women of 'Rock'", The
Baltimore Sun, p. 2.F
^ 200 Greatest Pop Culture Icons of All Time, VH1, retrieved February
^ VH1's 100 Greatest Women In Music, VH1, February 13, 2012, archived
from the original on February 14, 2012, retrieved February 22,
^ 50 Greatest Women of the Video Era, VH1, archived from the original
on June 29, 2011, retrieved February 28, 2011
^ UOMO Producer Helps Propel
Janet Jackson to #1 in the US, Business
Wire, March 10, 2008
^ a b Melinda Newman (December 8, 2001), "Achievement Award is 'All'
for Jackson", Billboard, 113 (49), p. 28,
Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100 Chart 50th Anniversary", Billboard, archived from
the original on September 13, 2008, retrieved October 1, 2009
^ a b Trust, Gary; Caulfield, Keith; Ramirez, Rauly (November 18,
2010), "The Top 50 R&B / Hip-Hop Artists of the Past 25
Years — Billboard Underground", Billboard, retrieved November
^ "Winners Database:
Janet Jackson". Billboard Music Awards. Retrieved
October 16, 2016.
^ Nick Goumond (April 14, 2011), Rihanna, Eminem,
Lady Gaga score
double digit Billboard Music Awards noms, goldderby.com, retrieved
April 16, 2011
^ "VH1's Pop Queen Faceoff: The Winner Revealed!".
VH1 News. Archived
from the original on November 8, 2014. Retrieved September 8,
^ Rodman, Sarah (August 24, 2001), "Music; Has
Janet Jackson earned
her diva wings?; Two FleetCenter shows are just one criterion", Boston
Herald, p. S03
^ Stout, Gene (July 16, 2001), "
Janet Jackson's Steamy Album Leaves
Room For Romance", Seattle Post-Intelligencer, p. 8,
^ Valdéz, Mimi (August 2001), "Show and prove", Vibe, 9 (8),
p. 116, ISSN 1070-4701
^ Chris Nickson (2005), Usher:The Godson of Soul, Simon and Schuster,
p. 39, ISBN 978-1-4169-0922-4
^ Garland, Emma (January 8, 2017). "Kesha's MySpace Profile from 2008
is Better Than DJ Khaled's Snapchat". Noisey. Vice Media. Retrieved
January 20, 2017.
^ Murray, Sonia (August 18, 2006), "
Janet & Beyonce: Rivals or
not, the stars share surprising similarities", The Atlanta Journal and
Constitution, p. F.1, ISSN 1539-7459
^ Michael A. Gonzales (July 1997), "Toni's Secret", Vibe, 5 (5),
p. 92, ISSN 1070-4701
^ Sutherland, William (2005),
Aaliyah Remembered, Trafford Publishing,
p. 9, ISBN 978-1-4120-5062-3
^ Mark Brown (November 12, 2001), "In Her Own Words ; What's a
Critic To Do When Britney Says it All?", Rocky Mountain News,
^ Dominguez, Pier (2003), Christina Aguilera: A Star is Made :
The Unauthorized Biography, Amber Books Publishing, p. 26,
^ "Now Hear This Yokohama-based teen pop singer among the promising",
Asahi Evening News, p. 1, January 1, 2003,
^ "Five Minutes With: Kelly Rowland", Lincolnshire Echo, p. 11,
July 1, 2010
^ Collins, Hattie (November 29, 2009), "
Janet Jackson on surviving the
family circus and missing Michael", The Sunday Times, UK, retrieved
November 28, 2009
Kelly Key busca o sucesso de Christina Aguilera, Jennifer Lopez,
Britney Spears, Madonna e
Janet Jackson". Universo Musical. Retrieved
January 7, 2012.
^ Sonia Murray (July 12, 1999), "TLC: Struggling in the Spotlightnot",
Austin American-Statesman, p. E.1
^ Bobbin, Jay (August 9, 2006), "Imitation nation ; World of pop
music filled with copycats", Chicago Tribune, p. 54,
^ Jessica Herndon (December 6, 2010), "Nicki Minaj's Top 5 Style
Idols", People, 74 (21), p. 58, ISSN 0093-7673
^ Keri Hilson —
Keri Hilson Respects Tlc's Image,
Contactmusic.com, June 6, 2011, retrieved June 6, 2011
^ Lauren Alpe (June 13, 2011), Interview — Havana Brown, MTV
News, retrieved June 13, 2011
^ Elysa Gardner (July 28, 2000), "Luscious Jackson", USA Today,
p. 1.E, ISSN 0734-7456
^ Adrienne Trier-Bieniek (2016), The Beyonce Effect: Essays on
Sexuality, Race and Feminism, McFarland, p. 181,
^ While her vocal skills are at least as decent as
Britney Spears and
the other Janet-come-latelys, it's Jackson's skills as an
entertainer—and commanding stage presence—that make her so
deserving of the spotlight. Gemma Tarlach (October 17, 2001), "Janet
Jackson takes her place as Queen of Pop", Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,
^ Most disappointing was crunk princess Ciara. The Janet-come-lately
and her octet of dance-floor acrobats moved with ferocious elegance to
tracks like 'Goodies,' but the singer had glaring microphone problems
when she spoke—tediously, about the 'importance' of her upcoming
sophomore album. Sarah Rodman (October 31, 2006), "MonsterJam Lacks
Star Power", Boston Globe, p. E.7, ISSN 0743-1791
^ Chuck Taylor (November 18, 2000), "Mya: For Free", Billboard, 112
(47), p. 1, ISSN 0006-2510
^ Afrodisiac > Overview, AllMusic, 2006, retrieved February 22,
^ Kiss the Sky > Overview, AllMusic, 2006, retrieved February 22,
^ Barry Walters (July 2004), "It's About Time", Rolling Stone,
p. 120, ISSN 0035-791X
^ Kyle Anderson (September 10, 2010),
Lady Gaga Just Like 'Madonna And
Janet Jackson,' Says Mark Ronson, MTV, archived from the original on
December 15, 2011, retrieved June 8, 2011
^ Kishin Shinoyama (Oct 2000), "Tokyo glamorama", Harper's Bazaar,
^ "Korean Pop Star
BoA Prepares U.S. Takeover", Rap-Up, retrieved
April 19, 2011
^ Joan Morgan (August 2010), "Before Sunset", Essence,
^ "Her Impetuous Marriage Kaput,
Janet Jackson, Michael's Sis, Is Now
a Miss with a Nasty Hit". 1986-07-07. Retrieved 2018-03-31.
^ "Secret Hubby Divorces
Janet Jackson". 2000-06-01. Retrieved
^ Gordinier, Jeff (May 4, 2001), "Will the real
Janet Jackson please
stand up? Is the seductive superstar an enigma wrapped in a riddle? Or
just your average nasty girl with a taste for pleasure and pain?",
Entertainment Weekly, p. 36
^ McElroy, Quindelda (April 21, 2007), "Ex-hubbies can cash in", The
Atlanta Journal-Constitution, p. E.2
Janet Jackson: What we know about her marriage". 2017-04-11.
^ "'They Come from Very Different Worlds:'
Janet Jackson and Husband
Separated Shortly After Son's Birth, Says Source". 2017-04-10.
Andriessen, Louis; Maja Trochimczyk (2002). The Music of Louis
Andriessen. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-8153-3789-8.
Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian David (2004). The New Rolling Stone
Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
Beretta E., Smith-Shomade (2002). Shaded Lives: African-American Women
and Television. Rutgers University Press.
Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard
Book of Number One Hits. Billboard
Books. ISBN 0-8230-7677-6.
Cornwell, Jane (2002).
Janet Jackson. Carlton Books.
Cullen, Jim (2001). Popular Culture in American History. Blackwell
Publishing. ISBN 0-631-21958-7.
Cutcher, Jenai (2003). Feel the Beat: Dancing in Music Videos. The
Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 0-8239-4558-8.
Dean, Maury (2003). Rock-N-Roll Gold Rush. Algora Publishing.
DeCurtis, Anthony (1992). Present Tense: Rock & Roll and Culture.
Duke University Press. ISBN 978-0-8223-1265-9.
Dominguez, Pier (2003). Christina Aguilera: A Star is Made: The
Unauthorized Biography. Amber Books Publishing.
Gaar, Gillian G (2002). She's a Rebel: The History of Women In Rock
& Roll. Seal Press. ISBN 1-58005-078-6.
Garofalo, Reebee (1999). From Music Publishing to MP3: Music and
Industry in the Twentieth Century. American Music. 17.
Gates, Henry Louis; Appiah, Anthony (1999). Africana: The Encyclopedia
of the African and African American. Basic Civitas Books.
Goren, Lilly (2009). You've Come A Long Way, Baby: Women, Politics,
and Popular Culture. University Press of Kentucky.
Halstead, Craig; Cadman, Chris (2003). Jacksons Number Ones. Authors
On Line. ISBN 0-7552-0098-5.
Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard
Book of Number One Adult
Contemporary Hits. Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7693-8.
Parish, James Robert (1995). Today's Black Hollywood. Pinnacle Books.
Jaynes, Gerald David (2005). Encyclopedia of African American Society.
Sage Publications. ISBN 0-7619-2764-6.
Järviluoma, Helmi; Moisala, Pirkko; Vilkko, Anni (2003). Gender and
Qualitative Methods. Sage Publications.
Kramarae, Cheris; Spender, Dale (2000). Routledge International
Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Routledge.
Lee, Shayne (2010). Erotic Revolutionaries: Black Women, Sexuality,
and Popular Culture. Government Institutes.
Love, Roger; Frazier, Donna (2009). Set Your Voice Free: How To Get
The Singing Or Speaking Voice You Want. Little, Brown and Company.
Mahon, Maureen (2004). Right to Rock: The Black Rock Coalition and the
Cultural Politics of Race. Duke University Press.
Miller, Michael (2008). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Music History.
Penguin Group. ISBN 978-1-59257-751-4.
Mitoma, Judy; Mitoma, Judith; Zimmer, Elizabeth; Stieber, Dale Ann;
Heinonen, Nelli; Shaw, Norah Zuniga (2002). Envisioning dance on film
and video. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-94171-7.
Nickson, Chris (2005). Usher: The Godson of Soul. Simon and Schuster.
Reynolds, Simon; Press, Joy (1996). The Sex Revolts: Gender,
Rebellion, and Rock 'n' Roll. Harvard University Press.
Reynolds, Simon (2011). Bring the Noise: 20 Years of Writing About Hip
Rock and Hip Hop. Soft Skull Press. ISBN 978-1-59376-401-2.
Rischar, Richard (2004). A Vision of Love: An Etiquette of Vocal
Ornamentation in African-American Popular Ballads of the Early 1990s.
American Music. 22. University of Illinois Press.
Ripani, Richard J (2006). The New Blue Music: Changes in Rhythm &
Blues, 1950–1999. University Press of Mississippi.
Scheurer, Timothy E. (2007). Born in the USA: The Myth of America in
Popular Music from Colonial Times to the Present. University Press of
Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-934110-56-0.
Smith, Jessie Carney (2010). Encyclopedia of African American Popular
Culture. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-35797-8.
Smith, Jessie Carney (1996). Notable Black American Women, Volume 2.
Gale. ISBN 978-0-8103-9177-2.
Starr, Larry; Waterman, Christopher Alan (2006). American Popular
Music: The Rock Years. Oxford University Press.
Stephanie, Jordan; Allen, Dave (1993). Parallel Lines: Media
Representations of Dance. Indiana University Press.
Strong, Martin Charles (2004). The Great Rock Discography: Complete
Discographies Listing Every Track Recorded by More Than 1200 Artists.
Canongate U.S. ISBN 1-84195-615-5.
Sutherland, William (2005).
Aaliyah Remembered. Trafford Publishing.
Tannenbaum, Rob; Marks, Craig (2011). I Want My MTV: The Uncensored
Story of the Music Video Revolution. Dutton Penguin.
Trier-Bieniek, Adrienne (2016). The Beyonce Effect: Essays on
Sexuality, Race and Feminism. McFarland.
Twenge, Jean M. (2007). Generation Me: Why Today's Young Americans are
More Confident, Assertive, Entitled—and More Miserable Than Ever
Before. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9781476755564.
Vincent, Rickey; Clinton, George (1996). Funk: The Music, The People,
and The Rhythm of The One. Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-13499-1.
Warner, Jay (2006). On this Day in Black Music History. Hal Leonard.
Find more about
Janet Jacksonat's sister projects
Media from Wikimedia Commons
Quotations from Wikiquote
Data from Wikidata
Janet Jackson at Encyclopædia Britannica
Janet Jackson on IMDb
Janet Jackson at AllMusic
Awards and nominations
Rhythm Nation 1814
The Velvet Rope
All for You
Design of a Decade: 1986–1996
Icon: Number Ones
Control: The Remixes
Design of a Decade
Design of a Decade 1986/1996
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope Tour – Live in Concert
All for You (DVD Edition)
Live in Hawaii
Janet to Damita Jo: The Videos
Rhythm Nation World Tour 1990
Janet World Tour
The Velvet Rope
The Velvet Rope Tour
All for You Tour
Rock Witchu Tour
Number Ones, Up Close and Personal
Unbreakable World Tour
State of the World Tour
True You: A Journey to Finding and Loving Yourself
Rhythm Nation Records
Janet Jackson as a gay icon
Super Bowl XXXVIII
Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy
Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis
René Elizondo, Jr.
Links to related articles
Joseph Walter Jackson: 1928
Katherine Esther Jackson (neé Scruse): 1930
Maureen Reillette (Rebbie): 1950
Sigmund Esco (Jackie): 1951
Toriano Adaryll (Tito): 1953
Jermaine La Jaune: 1954
La Toya Yvonne: 1956
Marlon David: 1957
Michael Joseph: 1958–2009
Steven Randall (Randy): 1961
Janet Damita Jo: 1966
T. J. Jackson: 1978
Austin Brown: 1985
Paris Jackson: 1998
The Jackson 5/The Jacksons
The Jacksons: An American Dream
The Jacksons: A Family Dynasty
The Jacksons: Next Generation
Janet Jackson singles
Awards and nominations
"Come Give Your Love to Me"
"Say You Do"
"Don't Stand Another Chance"
"Two to the Power of Love"
"What Have You Done for Me Lately"
"When I Think of You"
"Let's Wait Awhile"
"The Pleasure Principle"
"Funny How Time Flies (When You're Having Fun)"
"Miss You Much"
"Rhythm Nation" (music video)
"Come Back to Me"
"Love Will Never Do (Without You)"
"State of the World"
"That's the Way Love Goes"
"Because of Love"
"Any Time, Any Place"
"You Want This"
"What'll I Do"
"Got 'til It's Gone"
"I Get Lonely"
"Doesn't Really Matter"
"All for You"
"Someone to Call My Lover"
"Son of a Gun (I Betcha Think This Song Is About You)"
"Come On Get Up"
"Just a Little While"
"I Want You"
"All Nite (Don't Stop)"
"Call on Me"
"Rock with U"
"Can't B Good"
"Ask for More"
"Making Love in the Rain"
"2300 Jackson Street"
"The Best Things in Life Are Free"
"Luv Me, Luv Me"
"What's It Gonna Be?!"
"Feel It Boy"
"We Are the World 25 for Haiti"
Billboard Year-End number one albums
1956: Calypso – Harry Belafonte
1957: Music from
My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady – Original Cast
1958: Music from
My Fair Lady
My Fair Lady – Original Cast
The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn – Henry Mancini
1960: Music from
The Sound of Music
The Sound of Music – Original Cast
1961: Camelot – Original Cast
1962: West Side Story – Soundtrack
1963: West Side Story – Soundtrack
1964: Music from Hello, Dolly! – Original Cast
1965: Music from Mary Poppins – Soundtrack
1966: Whipped Cream & Other Delights –
Herb Alpert & the
More of the Monkees
More of the Monkees – The Monkees
Are You Experienced
Are You Experienced – The Jimi Hendrix Experience
1969: In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida – Iron Butterfly
Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water – Simon & Garfunkel
1971: Jesus Christ
Superstar – Soundtrack
1972: Harvest – Neil Young
The World Is a Ghetto
The World Is a Ghetto – War
Goodbye Yellow Brick Road
Goodbye Yellow Brick Road – Elton John
1975: Greatest Hits – Elton John
Frampton Comes Alive!
Frampton Comes Alive! – Peter Frampton
1977: Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
1978: Saturday Night Fever – Soundtrack
1979: 52nd Street – Billy Joel
The Wall – Pink Floyd
Hi Infidelity – REO Speedwagon
1982: Asia – Asia
1983: Thriller – Michael Jackson
1984: Thriller – Michael Jackson
Born in the U.S.A.
Born in the U.S.A. – Bruce Springsteen
Whitney Houston – Whitney Houston
Slippery When Wet
Slippery When Wet – Bon Jovi
1988: Faith – George Michael
1989: Don't Be Cruel – Bobby Brown
Rhythm Nation 1814 –
Mariah Carey – Mariah Carey
Ropin' the Wind
Ropin' the Wind – Garth Brooks
1993: The Bodyguard – Soundtrack
1994: The Sign – Ace of Base
Cracked Rear View
Cracked Rear View – Hootie & the Blowfish
Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill – Alanis Morissette
1997: Spice – Spice Girls
1998: Titanic: Music from the Motion Picture – James Horner
1999: Millennium – Backstreet Boys
2000: No Strings Attached – NSYNC
2001: 1 – The Beatles
The Eminem Show
The Eminem Show – Eminem
Get Rich or Die Tryin'
Get Rich or Die Tryin' – 50 Cent
2004: Confessions – Usher
The Massacre – 50 Cent
Some Hearts – Carrie Underwood
2007: Daughtry – Daughtry
As I Am
As I Am – Alicia Keys
2009: Fearless – Taylor Swift
2010: I Dreamed a Dream – Susan Boyle
2011: 21 – Adele
2012: 21 – Adele
The 20/20 Experience
The 20/20 Experience – Justin Timberlake
2014: Frozen – Soundtrack
2015: 1989 – Taylor Swift
2016: 25 – Adele
2017: Damn – Kendrick Lamar
MTV Movie Award for Best Actor in a Movie
Best Male Performance
Arnold Schwarzenegger (1992)
Denzel Washington (1993)
Tom Hanks (1994)
Brad Pitt (1995)
Jim Carrey (1996)
Tom Cruise (1997)
Leonardo DiCaprio (1998)
Jim Carrey (1999)
Keanu Reeves (2000)
Tom Cruise (2001)
Will Smith (2002)
Johnny Depp (2004)
Leonardo DiCaprio (2005)
Will Smith (2008)
Zac Efron (2009)
Robert Pattinson (2010)
Robert Pattinson (2011)
Josh Hutcherson (2012)
Bradley Cooper (2013)
Josh Hutcherson (2014)
Bradley Cooper (2015)
Leonardo DiCaprio (2016)
Best Female Performance
Linda Hamilton (1992)
Sharon Stone (1993)
Janet Jackson (1994)
Sandra Bullock (1995)
Alicia Silverstone (1996)
Claire Danes (1997)
Neve Campbell (1998)
Cameron Diaz (1999)
Sarah Michelle Gellar
Sarah Michelle Gellar (2000)
Julia Roberts (2001)
Nicole Kidman (2002)
Kirsten Dunst (2003)
Uma Thurman (2004)
Lindsay Lohan (2005)
Ellen Page (2008)
Kristen Stewart (2009)
Kristen Stewart (2010)
Kristen Stewart (2011)
Jennifer Lawrence (2012)
Jennifer Lawrence (2013)
Jennifer Lawrence (2014)
Shailene Woodley (2015)
Charlize Theron (2016)
Jake Gyllenhaal (2006)
Johnny Depp (2007)
Emma Watson (2017)
ISNI: 0000 0001 1773 0817
BNF: cb13895513r (data)