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The Info List - Jack Nicklaus


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Jack William Nicklaus (born January 21, 1940), nicknamed The Golden Bear, is an American retired professional golfer. He is widely regarded as the greatest golfer of all time,[1][2] winning a record 18 career major championships, while producing 19 second-place and 9 third-place finishes, over a span of 25 years.[3] Nicklaus focused on the major championships—Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, Open Championship and PGA Championship—and played a selective schedule of regular PGA Tour
PGA Tour
events, yet still finished with 73 victories, third on the all-time list behind Sam Snead
Sam Snead
(82) and Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
(79). Nicklaus won the U.S. Amateur in 1959 and 1961 and challenged for the 1960 U.S. Open, where he finished in second place, two shots behind Arnold Palmer. Nicklaus turned professional at age 21 toward the end of 1961. He earned his first professional win in a major championship, the 1962 U.S. Open, when he defeated Palmer by three shots in a next day 18-hole playoff. This win over Palmer began the on-course rivalry between the two golf superstars. In 1966, Nicklaus won the Masters Tournament for the second year in a row, becoming the first golfer to achieve this distinction, and also won The Open Championship, completing his career slam of major championships.[4] At age 26, he became the youngest to do so at the time. In 1968 and 1969, Nicklaus did not win a major tournament. He then won another Open Championship in 1970.[4] Between 1971 and 1980, he won an additional nine major championships, overtook Bobby Jones' record of 13 majors, and became the first player to complete double and triple career slams of golf's four professional major championships. When Nicklaus claimed his 18th and final major championship at age 46 at the 1986 Masters, he became the tournament's oldest winner. Nicklaus joined the Senior PGA Tour
PGA Tour
(now known as the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Champions) when he became eligible in January 1990, and by April 1996 had won 10 tournaments, including eight major championships despite playing a very limited schedule. He continued to play at least some of the four regular Tour majors until 2005, when he made his final appearances at the Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
and The Open Championship. Nicklaus has also taken part in various other activities, including golf course design, charity work and book writing. Nicklaus is a member of the American Society of Golf Course Architects
American Society of Golf Course Architects
and has helped design courses such as Harbour Town Golf Links. Nicklaus also runs his own tournament on the PGA Tour, the Memorial Tournament. His golf course design company is one of the largest in the world. Nicklaus' books vary from instructional to autobiographical, with his Golf My Way considered one of the best instructional golf books of all time; the video of the same name is the best selling golf instructional to date.

Contents

1 Early life and amateur golf pursuits

1.1 College studies and marriage

2 PGA Tour
PGA Tour
career

2.1 Professional breakthrough: 1962–1963

2.1.1 Business success

2.2 Continued excellence: 1964–1967 2.3 Career downturn (1968–1970) 2.4 Resurgence (1971–1977)

2.4.1 Proposes Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
modifications 2.4.2 Achieves triple career grand slam (1978)

2.5 Short slump and revamping 2.6 Wins 4th U.S. Open, 5th PGA Championship
PGA Championship
(1980) 2.7 1981–1985 2.8 Wins 6th Masters at the age of 46 (1986)

3 Senior golf career 4 Close of playing career 5 Off-the-course activities

5.1 Golf course design 5.2 Writings and media 5.3 Golf computer games 5.4 Other interests

6 Playing style 7 Awards and recognition 8 Career achievements

8.1 Major championships

8.1.1 Wins (18) 8.1.2 Results timeline 8.1.3 Summary

8.2 Senior major championships

8.2.1 Wins (8) 8.2.2 Results timeline 8.2.3 Summary of performances

9 See also 10 Notes and references 11 External links

Early life and amateur golf pursuits[edit] Nicklaus was born on the east side of Columbus and grew up in the suburb of Upper Arlington, Ohio. He is of German descent, the son of Helen (Schoener) (1906–1997)[5] and Charlie Nicklaus (d. 1970)[6], a pharmacist who ran several businesses named Nicklaus Drug Store.[7] Charlie was a skilled all-round athlete, who had played football for the Ohio State University
Ohio State University
Buckeyes, and had gone on to play semi-professional football under an assumed name for the Portsmouth Spartans (who later became the NFL's Detroit Lions). Charlie had also been a scratch golfer and local tennis champion in his youth.[8][9] Charlie Nicklaus died of pancreatic cancer.[10] Nicklaus was raised in Upper Arlington and attended Upper Arlington High School, whose nickname and mascot are coincidentally the Golden Bears. In his senior year, Nicklaus was an honorable mention All-Ohio selection in basketball as a shooting guard, and he received some recruiting interest from college basketball programs, including Ohio State. During his youth, he also competed successfully in football, baseball, tennis, and track and field.[8][11] Nicklaus took up golf at the age of 10, scoring a 51 at Scioto Country Club for his first nine holes ever played. Charlie Nicklaus had joined Scioto that same year, returning to golf to help heal a volleyball injury. Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
was coached at Scioto by club pro Jack Grout, a Texas-developed contemporary of golf greats Byron Nelson
Byron Nelson
and Ben Hogan; Grout had played quite successfully on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
and would become Nicklaus' lifelong golf instructor.[8] Nicklaus overcame a mild case of polio as a 13-year-old.[12] Nicklaus won the first of five straight[13] Ohio State Junior titles at the age of 12. At 13, he broke 70 at Scioto Country Club
Scioto Country Club
for the first time, and became that year's youngest qualifier into the U.S. Junior Amateur, where he survived three match-play rounds. He had earned a handicap of +3 at age 13, the lowest in the Columbus area.[8][9] Nicklaus won the Tri-State High School Championship (Ohio/Kentucky/Indiana) at the age of 14 with a round of 68, and also recorded his first hole-in-one in tournament play the same year. At 15, Nicklaus shot a 66 at Scioto Country Club, which was the amateur course record, and qualified for his first U.S. Amateur. He won the Ohio Open in 1956 at age 16, highlighted by a phenomenal third round of 64, competing against professionals. In all, Nicklaus won 27 events in the Ohio area from age 10 to age 17. In 1957, Nicklaus won the International Jaycee Junior Golf Tournament, having lost the previous year in a playoff. Nicklaus also competed in his first of 44 consecutive U.S. Opens that year, but missed the cut. In 1958 at age 18, he competed in his first PGA Tour
PGA Tour
event, the Rubber City Open, at Akron, Ohio, tying for 12th place after being just one out of the lead at the 36-hole mark,[14] and made the cut in the U.S. Open, tying for 41st place. Nicklaus also won two Trans-Mississippi Amateurs – in 1958 at Prairie Dunes Country Club
Prairie Dunes Country Club
and 1959 at Woodhill Country Club, with final match victories of 9 & 8 and 3 & 2, respectively. Also in 1959, Nicklaus won the North and South Amateur at Pinehurst, North Carolina
Pinehurst, North Carolina
and competed in three additional PGA Tour
PGA Tour
events, with his best finish being another 12th place showing at the Buick Open. While attending Ohio State University, he won the U.S. Amateur twice (1959, 1961), and an NCAA Championship (1961). In the 1959 U.S. Amateur, Nicklaus defeated two-time winner and defending champion Charles Coe in the final 36-hole match 1-up, with a birdie on the final hole.[15] This was significant not only because of Coe's proven ability as a player, but also because Nicklaus became the then-youngest champion in the modern era, second only to Robert A. Gardner, who won in 1909. In 1961, Nicklaus became the first player to win the individual title at the NCAA Championship and the U.S. Amateur in the same year. He was followed by Phil Mickelson
Phil Mickelson
(1990), Tiger Woods (1996), Ryan Moore (2004), and Bryson DeChambeau (2015). Nicklaus also won the NCAA Big Ten Conference
Big Ten Conference
Championship that year with a 72-hole aggregate of 283, while earlier claiming the Western Amateur in New Orleans. In his second and last U.S. Amateur win in 1961, Nicklaus convincingly defeated Dudley Wysong 8 & 6 at Pebble Beach in the 36-hole championship match. For the week, Nicklaus was 20 strokes under par, including 34 birdies and two eagles. At the 1960 U.S. Open, Nicklaus shot a two-under par 282, finishing in second place two strokes behind Arnold Palmer, who won the tournament for the only time with a final round charge of six-under-par 65. This score remains the lowest ever by an amateur in the U.S. Open. Nicklaus played the final 36 holes with Ben Hogan, who later remarked that he had just played 36 holes with a kid who should have won by 10 shots. During the final 36 holes, Nicklaus was two-under-par; he had shot every round of the tournament at or below par and was the only entrant to do so. Nicklaus had led by two shots with six holes to play. In 1960, Nicklaus also tied for 13th in the Masters Tournament. He tied for fourth in the 1961 U.S. Open, three shots behind champion Gene Littler, having played the final 54 holes one under par. Each of these three major championship finishes designated Nicklaus as low amateur. However, Nicklaus' one-under-par 287 tied for seventh in the 1961 Masters Tournament, and was second that year only to Charles Coe's low amateur placing, when he tied for second with Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
at seven-under par 281, one shot behind champion Gary Player. Nicklaus represented the United States
United States
against Great Britain and Ireland on winning Walker Cup teams in both 1959 and 1961, decisively winning both of his matches in each contest. On the 1959 trip to Britain, he also made his only attempt at the British Amateur, the world's oldest international amateur event, at Royal St George's Golf Club, reaching the quarterfinal round (top 8).[8] He was also a member of the victorious 1960 U.S. Eisenhower Trophy team, winning the unofficial individual title by 13 shots over teammate Deane Beman with a four-round score of 269, a record which still stands; this score was 18 shots lower than Ben Hogan's earlier U.S. Open aggregate of 287 at the same site (which had, however, been scored under much tougher conditions).[8][16] For three straight years (1959–1961), Nicklaus was named the world's top amateur golfer by Golf Digest
Golf Digest
magazine. College studies and marriage[edit] Nicklaus attended Ohio State from 1957 to 1961. He majored in pre-pharmacy with good grades in his first three years, and he intended to follow his father into that profession after graduation.[15][17] As his golf achievements mounted, Nicklaus changed his mind on his career path, switching programs to study insurance, as he planned at that stage to remain a career amateur in golf, and to make his living by selling insurance. For a time he worked in the insurance field while also attending college. He married Barbara Bash at age 20 in July 1960,[18] and their first of five children (Jack Jr.) was born in September 1961, but as of late October, Nicklaus was still intent on becoming the first amateur to win the Masters Tournament.[19][20] In early November, he announced that he was turning professional in order to support his family.[21][22] He wound up a few course hours short of graduating from college. In a goodwill gesture, Ohio State granted him an honorary doctorate in 1972.[8] PGA Tour
PGA Tour
career[edit] Professional breakthrough: 1962–1963[edit] Nicklaus began his professional career on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
in 1962. While Nicklaus officially turned professional in late 1961, he debated heavily the idea of remaining an amateur in order to further emulate his idol, Bobby Jones. However, Nicklaus realized that in order to be regarded as the best, he would have to compete against the best and in greater frequency. Shortly after turning professional, Nicklaus' future agent, Mark McCormack, was interviewed by Melbourne Age writer Don Lawrence, who inquired about the American golf scene. When McCormack described Nicklaus, Lawrence referred to the "large, strong, and blond" player as "the Golden Bear," a nickname that would become synonymous with Nicklaus throughout his professional life. However, another possible origination of the name derives from the high school that Nicklaus attended in Upper Arlington, Ohio, which uses the mascot the Golden Bears for its sports teams. As mentioned above, Nicklaus played on several Golden Bear athletic teams, including captaining its 1956 state-champion golf squad, suggesting that McCormack may have adopted the name through Nicklaus' high school affiliation. Regardless, by 1963, the nickname had stuck. Nicklaus won his first PGA tournament in his 17th start, when he defeated Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
in a Sunday playoff at Oakmont for the 1962 U.S. Open; Nicklaus earned $17,500 for his efforts. The galleries were more than vocal in their support for Palmer—who had grown up in nearby Latrobe—but Nicklaus won the playoff by three shots (71 to 74). In 90 holes, Nicklaus had only one three-putt green. The U.S. Open victory made Nicklaus the reigning U.S. Open and U.S. Amateur champion. In addition, at age 22, Nicklaus was the youngest U.S. Open champion since Bobby Jones won at age 21 in 1923, and he has remained the youngest winner since (John McDermott is still the youngest winner of the U.S. Open at age 19 in 1911).[23] The U.S. Open win thrust Nicklaus into the national spotlight, and he was featured on the cover of Time magazine. This was also the beginning of the Nicklaus-Palmer rivalry, which attracted viewers to golf on television.[9] By the end of 1962, Nicklaus had won two more tournaments, which were back-to-back in the Seattle Open
Seattle Open
and Portland Open. In addition, he tied for third in his first attempt at the PGA Championship. Nicklaus completed the year with over $60,000 in prize-money, made 26 of 26 cuts with 16 top-10 finishes, placed third on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list, and was named Rookie of the Year. He also won the inaugural staging of the World Series of Golf, a select-field event for the year's major champions, and collected another $50,000 (unofficial money) for that win.[13] In 1963, Nicklaus won two of the four major championships—the Masters and the PGA Championship. These victories made him the then-youngest winner of the Masters and third-youngest winner of the PGA Championship, and each win came in just his second year as a professional. Earlier in 1963, Nicklaus injured his left hip playing an approach shot from the rough—an injury that would manifest itself years later. Ironically, Nicklaus credits this injury with assisting him in altering his swing heading into the 1963 Masters, thus allowing him to play a draw more easily. Along with three other wins including the Tournament of Champions, he placed second to Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list with just over $100,000.[13] He also teamed with Palmer to win the Canada Cup (now the World Cup of Golf) in France, representing the United States
United States
(this event was shortened to 63 holes due to heavy fog). Nicklaus also finished as low individual scorer for that event. Business success[edit] Nicklaus' meteoric rise to fame immediately after turning professional brought opportunities for him to earn significant endorsement income.[24] These business opportunities were facilitated by Mark McCormack, who also managed Palmer and Gary Player. Golf was growing rapidly in popularity and media coverage during the early 1960s, led by the performances of these three star players, with Palmer's charging style and popularity with the galleries making him the world's most marketable sports figure. This association was the start of the agency that became known as International Management Group, and IMG, after building a base in golf management, eventually expanded into other sports. The Palmer-Nicklaus-Player association developed into the so-called "Big Three" of Golf. McCormack set up a series of televised golf matches around the world amongst the three stars, known as Big Three Golf, in the early 1960s. Nicklaus left IMG in the early 1970s, to set up his own management agency, Golden Bear Inc.[9] Continued excellence: 1964–1967[edit] Despite winning no majors in 1964 (he had three runner-up finishes), Nicklaus led the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list for the first time in his career by a slim margin of $81.13 over Palmer. At The Open Championship
The Open Championship
at St Andrews, Nicklaus set a new record for the lowest score in the final 36 holes with 66-68 in high winds (the first time in the championship's history that 70 had been broken in each of the last two rounds). This was not enough, however, to win the event; Nicklaus placed second to Tony Lema.[13] Nicklaus also set a record for the lowest final round score in the PGA Championship
PGA Championship
with a 64 (since broken by Brad Faxon
Brad Faxon
in 1995 with a 63), but fell three shots short of champion Bobby Nichols and his record-setting 271 score. In 31 official worldwide events in 1964, Nicklaus achieved six victories, seven runners-up, placed in the top-five 21 times, the top-10 21 times, and had only one missed cut. Nicklaus and Palmer also defended their team title at the World Cup in Hawaii, with Nicklaus again finishing as low individual scorer. When Nicklaus won the Masters in 1965 and 1966, he became the tournament's first back-to-back winner and the youngest two-time and three-time winner. He broke Ben Hogan's 72-hole scoring record of 274 from 1953 by compiling a new aggregate of 271 in the 1965 Masters Tournament, which while tied by Raymond Floyd in 1976, lasted until Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
shot 270 in 1997, a 72-hole record subsequently tied by Jordan Spieth
Jordan Spieth
in 2015. Woods's and Spieth's scores of 270 were achieved with significantly improved golf equipment on essentially the same-length golf course over which Nicklaus and Floyd scored 271. During this 1965 tournament, Nicklaus hit 62 of 72 greens in regulation, and had 123 putts, inclusive of just one three-putt green. This was good enough to win by nine shots over Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
and Gary Player; this margin of victory was a tournament record that would last for 32 years until Woods won by 12 shots in 1997. The week's performance was highlighted by a third-round 64 that consisted of eight birdies and no bogeys. It was of this round that Nicklaus said, "I had never before and have never since played quite as fine a complete round of golf in a major championship as I did in the third round of the 1965 Masters". This round tied Lloyd Mangrum's record set in 1940 at Augusta National
Augusta National
and remained in place until Nick Price shot 63 during the third round in 1986. It was at this time that Bobby Jones stated Nicklaus played a game with which he was unfamiliar; Jones called Nicklaus' result "the greatest performance in all of golfing history." After Nicklaus' record performance in 1965, Augusta National
Augusta National
underwent some minor changes to toughen the course. These modifications and the difficult weather in the 1966 tournament did not deter Nicklaus. He successfully defended his title with an even-par aggregate of 288, 17 shots higher. He won in an 18-hole playoff over Gay Brewer
Gay Brewer
(Brewer had three-putted on the 18th green to force the playoff) and Tommy Jacobs by shooting a two-under-par 70. Nicklaus led the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list again in 1965 by a healthy margin over Tony Lema. Nicklaus and Lema formed the U.S. team for the World Cup, held in Madrid, Spain,[8] but could not defend the title, as South Africa
South Africa
won. In all, Nicklaus competed in 28 official worldwide events in 1965, accumulating five victories, seven runners-up, 19 top-5 finishes, 23 top-10 finishes, and zero missed cuts. In 1966, Nicklaus also won The Open Championship
The Open Championship
at Muirfield
Muirfield
in Scotland under difficult weather conditions, using his driver just 17 times, because of very heavy rough. This was the only major he had failed to win up to that point. This win made him the youngest player, age 26 (his fifth year on Tour), and the only one after Gene Sarazen, Ben Hogan, and Gary Player
Gary Player
(until Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
at age 24 in 2000, also during his fifth year on Tour) to win all four major championships, now known as the Career Slam. Nicklaus eventually accomplished the double career slam in 1971 and the triple career slam in 1978, winning all four majors two and three times, respectively. Nicklaus was part of another title for the U.S. in the World Cup in Japan. Nicklaus concluded 1966 playing 22 official worldwide events, with four victories, four runners-up, 14 top-5 finishes, 16 top-10 finishes, and zero missed cuts. In 1967, he won his second U.S. Open title at Baltusrol, breaking Hogan's 72-hole record by one shot with a 275.[13] During the four rounds, Nicklaus hit 61 of 72 greens in regulation. Nicklaus finished this record win with a dramatic 238-yard 1-iron shot, uphill into a breeze and light rain, to the 72nd green (an approximate 260-yard equivalent) and holing a 22-foot (6.7 m) birdie putt to close out a final nine of 30 and final round of 65 to beat Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
by four shots. Nicklaus and Palmer were the only two players to break par for the week. Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
ran a cover photo of Nicklaus throwing his leg high in the air with the headline, "Nicklaus Breaks the Open Record."[25] He also finished runner up in The Open Championship
The Open Championship
and third in the PGA Championship, one shot out of a playoff between Don January and Don Massengale. For a third time, Nicklaus led the PGA Tour money list for 1967. Later that year, Nicklaus and Palmer teamed up for a 13-shot wire-to-wire World Cup victory in Mexico City. Nicklaus competed in 24 official worldwide events in 1967, with five victories, four runners-up, 14 top-5 finishes, 16 top-10 finishes, and one missed cut. Angelo Argea was Nicklaus' caddie for most of his professional career. Career downturn (1968–1970)[edit] After Nicklaus won the 1967 U.S. Open in record breaking fashion, he did not win another major championship until the 1970 Open Championship at the Old Course at St Andrews. Moreover, his highest finish on the Tour money list for the years 1968–70 was second; his lowest was fourth, his worst ranking on the list since turning professional. However, it should be noted that his fourth-place ranking in 1970 would have been elevated to second if The Open Championship winnings were included during that period in the official PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list, as they are today. Nicklaus finished runner-up in both the 1968 U.S. Open (to new rival Lee Trevino) and the 1968 Open Championship (to old rival Gary Player). Nicklaus did not make his inaugural appearance in the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
until 1969 at age 29; eligibility rules at the time required a minimum five-year PGA Tour
PGA Tour
membership before points could be counted for team qualification; rules have been relaxed significantly since.[26] In the 1969 Ryder Cup, the entire competition came down to the anchor singles match between Nicklaus and Tony Jacklin. At the par-5 17th hole with Nicklaus leading by the score of 1 up, Jacklin made a 35-foot (11 m) eagle putt to square the match. With the entire competition outcome riding on this match, Nicklaus made a five-foot par putt on the last hole before controversially conceding Jacklin's par putt, ensuring that this game, and the overall match, ended in a tie.[27] Afterwards United States
United States
team Captain Sam Snead
Sam Snead
said "This is the greatest golf match you have ever seen in England".[28] During this period, Nicklaus also let his physical condition decline somewhat, putting on some excess weight, which affected his stamina. Following the Ryder Cup, he significantly improved his condition in the fall of 1969 by losing 25 pounds (11 kg) in one month,[29] and his game started to return to top form.[26] In February 1970, Nicklaus' father, Charlie Nicklaus, died. Five months after this, Nicklaus won the 1970 Open Championship
1970 Open Championship
under difficult scoring conditions in Scotland where the wind howled up to 56 MPH, defeating fellow American Doug Sanders in an 18-hole playoff round in emotional fashion. On the 18th hole of the playoff, Nicklaus drove about 380 yards, through the par-4 green with a three-wood, and was forced to pitch back to the hole. His eagle pitch finished approximately eight feet short of the hole. Nicklaus threw his putter into the air after sinking the winning putt, as he was thrilled to have won the Open at the home of golf, St Andrews.[30] He describes this period in his life:

I was playing good golf, but it really wasn't that big a deal to me one way or the other. And then my father died and I sort of realized that he had certainly lived his life through my golf game. I really hadn't probably given him the best of that. So I sort of got myself back to work. So '70 was an emotional one for me from that standpoint. ... It was a big boost.[31]

Nicklaus also went on to capture the Piccadilly World Match Play Championship in 1970 with a 2 & 1 win over Lee Trevino
Lee Trevino
in the championship match. In all for the year, Nicklaus competed in 23 official worldwide events, won four, placed in the top-5 10 times, and the top-10 in 14. Although Nicklaus' performance had declined somewhat during this period, he was still ranked as the #1 player in the world, for 10 straight years, beginning in 1968, on the McCormack's World Golf Rankings, which were introduced that year by sports agent Mark McCormack. These rankings, the first attempt to take into account results from professional tours around the world, were not official during that era, but they eventually evolved into the current Official World Golf Ranking, starting in 1986. Resurgence (1971–1977)[edit] With a two-shot win at the 1971 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
in February over Billy Casper, Nicklaus became the first golfer to win all four majors twice in a career.[13] In this championship, Nicklaus was the only player to break 70 consecutively in the first two rounds under windy conditions and finished at seven-under par 281. Nicklaus finished second twice and fifth in the remaining three major championships for the year. While he finished tied for second in the Masters with Johnny Miller, Nicklaus made a big enough impression on a young Nick Faldo (watching on TV in England) in order for Faldo to take up the game seriously. By the end of 1971, Nicklaus had won four additional PGA tournaments including the Tournament of Champions by eight shots and the National Team Championship with Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
by six shots. With $244,490 in official PGA Tour
PGA Tour
earnings, Nicklaus established a new single season money record during the year. Nicklaus also claimed his third World Cup individual title in 1971, with help from a 63 in the third round. He also won the team competition with partner Lee Trevino
Lee Trevino
by 12 shots. The year 1971 brought Nicklaus a victory in the Australian Dunlop International as well, punctuated by a course record 62 (his career low score in competition; one of three) in the second round. For the record, Nicklaus played in 23 official worldwide events in 1971, won eight, had 17 top-5 finishes, 20 top-10 finishes, and compiled a 5–1–0 record in that year's Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
competition. Nicklaus won the first two major championships of 1972 by three shots each in wire-to-wire fashion. He won the Masters and the U.S. Open, creating talk of a calendar-year Grand Slam. Nicklaus opened with a four-under par 68 at Augusta National
Augusta National
and never looked back. He was the only player under par for the week as he and the field battled difficult scoring conditions. In the U.S. Open at Pebble Beach again under severe scoring conditions, Nicklaus struck a one-iron on the 218-yard par-three 17th hole during the final round into a stiff, gusty ocean breeze that hit the flagstick and ended up three inches from the cup. The U.S. Open was Nicklaus' 13th career major and tied him with Bobby Jones for career majors (although a different group of tournaments had been considered majors in Jones's time). This victory was also Nicklaus' 11th professional major, tying him with Walter Hagen, and made him the first player to win the U.S. Amateur and U.S. Open championships on the same golf course. Nicklaus won a total of seven tournaments during 1972, and was runner-up in a further three PGA Tour
PGA Tour
events. However, Nicklaus did not win the Grand Slam that year, as Lee Trevino
Lee Trevino
repeated as the Open Championship winner (Nicklaus finished second, one shot behind), and Gary Player
Gary Player
prevailed in the PGA Championship. Nicklaus closed out this remarkable year with a second of three consecutive Walt Disney World Golf Classic victories by shooting a 21-under par 267 to win by nine shots. He concluded 1972 by competing in 20 official worldwide events winning seven, placing second in four, and compiling 15 top-10 finishes. Bobby Jones' record of majors was soon broken when Nicklaus won the PGA Championship
PGA Championship
in August 1973 by four shots over Bruce Crampton for his 12th professional major (surpassing Hagen's mark of 11) and 14th overall when using the old-style configuration of Jones' day. In that year he won another six tournaments. When he won the 1973 Ohio King's Island Open, he became the first PGA Tour
PGA Tour
player to win a Tour event over a course which he designed himself. The PGA Player of the Year was awarded to Nicklaus for the third time, and the second year in a row. Nicklaus was also the first player to win over $300,000.00 in official money for a single season in 1972 at $320,542; he eclipsed that threshold again the following year with $308,362. The former total was $106,137 more than runner-up Lee Trevino. The latter total for the year 1973 catapulted Nicklaus over the $2 million career PGA Tour
PGA Tour
earnings mark, making him the first player to reach that milestone. Nicklaus teamed with Johnny Miller
Johnny Miller
for another team title in the World Cup of Golf, held in Spain. For the year, Nicklaus competed in 20 official worldwide events and claimed seven victories, 14 top-five finishes, 17 top-10s, and compiled a 4–1–1 record in that year's Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
competition. Nicklaus' failure to win a major in 1974 was offset somewhat by winning the inaugural Tournament Players Championship
Tournament Players Championship
and being named one of the 13 original inductees into the World Golf Hall of Fame.[32] Nicklaus said this honor was a "nice memento" after a "disappointing season".[33] Although he had no major championship victories in 1974, Nicklaus still achieved four top-10 finishes in the four events, three of which were in the top four, and placed second on the official money list behind Johnny Miller. While less than a stellar year, Nicklaus was able to claim two victories and 13 top-10 finishes in 20 official worldwide events. Nicklaus started off well in 1975: he won the Doral-Eastern Open, the Sea Pines Heritage Classic, and the Masters in consecutive starts. His Masters win was his fifth, a record he was to break eleven years later. In this tournament, Nicklaus's 40-foot (12 m) birdie putt on the 16th hole of the final round was a key in his victory over Tom Weiskopf and Johnny Miller
Johnny Miller
in a riveting final-round battle. He also won the PGA Championship
PGA Championship
in August at Firestone Country Club
Firestone Country Club
by two shots over Bruce Crampton for his fourth win. Having won the Masters and PGA Championship, Nicklaus missed a playoff for the U.S. Open by two shots and a playoff for Open Championship
Open Championship
by one shot. His performance in 1975 resulted in his being named PGA Player of the Year for the fourth time, tying Ben Hogan, and he was also named ABC's Wide World of Sports Athlete of the Year. Nicklaus also captured his fourth Australian Open during the year. The year 1975 yielded Nicklaus six wins, 12 top-5 finishes, and 16 top-10 finishes in 18 official worldwide events. Nicklaus placed first on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list again in 1976, despite competing in only 16 events, winning just two (Tournament Players Championship and World Series of Golf) – neither of them majors – and playing what he called "hang-back-and-hope golf".[34] The 1976 Tournament Players Championship
Tournament Players Championship
saw Nicklaus set a championship record of 19-under par 269 for his second win in this event which remained in place until Greg Norman's 24-under-par 264 assault in 1994. He also won the PGA Player of the Year
PGA Player of the Year
award for a record fifth time. Between 1972 and 1976 the only time he failed to win this award was 1974. The year 1976 also concluded an official streak of 105 consecutive cuts made on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
(ending at the World Open), which began for Nicklaus in 1970. At the time this streak was second only to Byron Nelson's record of 113. The following year, 1977, was also majorless for Nicklaus, but he did achieve four top-10 finishes in the four events inclusive of two second and one third-place finish – this being one shot out of the PGA Championship
PGA Championship
playoff between Lanny Wadkins and Gene Littler. Despite a brilliant final round 66 at the Masters, he finished second by two shots to Tom Watson. But his subsequent second-place finish behind Watson at the Open Championship
Open Championship
at Turnberry created headlines around the world. In a one-on-one battle dubbed the "Duel in the Sun," Nicklaus shot 65-66 in the final two rounds, only to be beaten by Watson, who scored 65-65. This event marked the first time 270 was broken in a major championship, and the third-place finisher Hubert Green scored 279. Nicklaus would later say:

There are those in golf who would argue into next month that the final two rounds of the 1977 British Open were the greatest head-to-head golf match ever played. Not having been around for the first five hundred or so years of the game, I'm not qualified to speak on such matters. What's for sure, however, is that it was the most thrilling one-on-one battle of my career.[35]

In 1977, Nicklaus won his 63rd tour event, passing Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
to take second place on the career wins list, behind only Sam Snead (subsequently Hogan's official career PGA Tour
PGA Tour
victory total was put at 64, including his 1953 Open Championship
Open Championship
which was retroactively deemed an official PGA Tour
PGA Tour
event). He also became the first player to amass over $3 million in official PGA Tour
PGA Tour
earnings. The year also saw Nicklaus win for the first time his own Memorial Tournament, where he described the victory as the most emotional moment of his entire career, and nearly decided to retire from competitive golf. Proposes Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
modifications[edit] During the 1977 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
at Royal Lytham & St Annes, Nicklaus approached the PGA of Great Britain about the urgency to improve the competitive level of the contest. The issue had been discussed earlier the same day by both past PGA of America
PGA of America
President Henry Poe and British PGA President Lord Derby. Nicklaus pitched his ideas, adding: "It is vital to widen the selection procedures if the Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
is to continue to enjoy its past prestige." The changes in team selection procedure were approved by descendants of the Samuel Ryder
Samuel Ryder
family, along with The PGA of America. The major change was expanding selection procedures to include players from the European Tournament Players' Division, and "that European Members be entitled to play on the team." This meant that professional players on the European Tournament Players' Division, the forerunner to the European Tour we have today, from continental Europe would be eligible to play in the Ryder Cup. Achieves triple career grand slam (1978)[edit] Nicklaus won the 1978 Open Championship
1978 Open Championship
at St. Andrews to become the only player to have won each major championship three times.[4] This record has since been tied by Tiger Woods, by winning the 2008 U.S. Open. Nicklaus and Woods are the only two players to win three "Career Grand Slams". Nicklaus considered his performance in the 1978 Open as the finest four days of tee-to-green golf he had ever produced, and was most proud that the win came at St. Andrews, his favorite place to play golf. The victory was also his most emotional to date. Nicklaus won three other tournaments in 1978 on the PGA Tour, including the Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic, where he played the final 36 holes 13 under par; he scored five consecutive birdies over the closing holes in the final round.[36] He also won his third Tournament Players Championship
Tournament Players Championship
in difficult weather conditions; he had won three of the first five stagings of that tournament, and remains the championship's only three-time winner. He was named Sportsman of the Year by Sports Illustrated. The year 1978 also marked Nicklaus' sixth and final Australian Open victory. Short slump and revamping[edit] Nicklaus suffered a lapse of form in 1979, not winning another tournament until June 1980. The year of 1979 was the first since turning professional in which he failed to win a tournament; he had only one runner-up finish, plus a tied-for-second with Ben Crenshaw behind 22-year-old Seve Ballesteros
Seve Ballesteros
at The Open Championship. Previously, Nicklaus won at least one PGA Tour
PGA Tour
tournament per year (a record he shares with Arnold Palmer), and a minimum of two tournaments per year for 17 consecutive years, and this is another PGA Tour record. During the offseason, Nicklaus addressed two problems which had hurt his performance. His lifelong teacher Jack Grout
Jack Grout
noticed that he had become much too upright with his full swing, causing a steep, oblique approach into the ball, compared with a more direct hit; this was corrected by slightly flattening his backswing. Then Nicklaus' short game, never a career strength, was further developed with the help of Phil Rodgers, a friend for more than 20 years, and earlier PGA Tour rival, who had become a fine coach. Rodgers lived for a time at the Nicklaus home while this work was going on.[26] Wins 4th U.S. Open, 5th PGA Championship
PGA Championship
(1980)[edit] In 1980, Nicklaus recorded only four top-10 finishes in 14 events, but two of these were record-setting victories in majors (the U.S. Open and the PGA Championship); the other two were a tie for fourth in The Open Championship
Open Championship
and a runner-up finish in the Doral-Eastern Open
Doral-Eastern Open
to Raymond Floyd via his chip-in birdie on the second hole of a sudden-death playoff. These victories and placements more than justified the work Nicklaus put in toward his game during the off-season. Nicklaus set a new scoring record for the 1980 U.S. Open with an aggregate of 272, eclipsing his earlier record of 275 from 1967 over the same golf course. That record, while since having been tied by three other players, stood until Rory McIlroy's 268 in winning the 2011 US Open. This was Nicklaus's second major win at Baltusrol Golf Club. Nicklaus opened with a record-tying 63 in round one and fought off his playing partner of all four rounds, 1978 Colgate World Match Play Championship winner, Isao Aoki. Entering the final round, Aoki had caught Nicklaus after three consecutive rounds of 68, but over the course of the last day, Nicklaus pulled away by two shots. Each player birdied the final two holes for a dramatic finish. Aoki's aggregate of 274 was the lowest score for a U.S. Open runner-up. Nicklaus' win was his fourth and final victory in the championship, tying him with Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, and Ben Hogan. Nicklaus referred to this win as "by far the most emotional and warmest reaction to any of my wins in my own country". In the 1980 PGA Championship, Nicklaus set another record in winning the championship by seven shots over Andy Bean
Andy Bean
at the Oak Hill Country Club, largely due to exceptional putting. Nicklaus shot an even-par 70 in the first round followed by three successive rounds in the 60s over the difficult course, and was the only player to break par for the 72 holes. For the week, the field averaged 74.60 strokes while Nicklaus averaged 68.50. This was Nicklaus' fifth and final victory in the PGA Championship, which elevated him to record-holder for the most wins in the stroke-play era, and which tied him with Walter Hagen
Walter Hagen
for the most wins overall, since Hagen's victories were all during the match-play era. Nicklaus' seven-shot winning margin remained the largest for the stroke-play version of the championship until Rory's McIroy's 2012 victory. This victory also made Nicklaus the only player since Gene Sarazen in 1922 and Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
in 1948 to win the U.S. Open and PGA Championship the same year (subsequently equaled by Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
in 2000). 1981–1985[edit] Between 1981 and 1985, Nicklaus accumulated seven more top-10 placements in major championships, including three runner-up performances. He won only twice on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
during this period, the Colonial National Invitation
Colonial National Invitation
in 1982 and his own Memorial Tournament in 1984 for the second time, defeating Andy Bean
Andy Bean
in a sudden-death playoff to become the tournament's first repeat champion. In 1983, Nicklaus closed out the PGA Championship
PGA Championship
and World Series of Golf with brilliant final rounds in the mid-60's, and passed many players to move into contention, but finished runner-up in each to Player of the Year Hal Sutton and Nick Price, respectively, who dominated the tournaments from start to finish. Despite not winning a PGA Tour
PGA Tour
event in 1983, Nicklaus finished 10th on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list, and passed a significant milestone by becoming the first player to eclipse the $4 million level in career earnings. In 1985, Nicklaus finished second to Curtis Strange in the Canadian Open, which marked his seventh and final second-place finish in that tournament; this is a record for that event. These seven runner-up finishes came over the course of 21 events—or one second-place finish for every three tournaments played—and does not include a third-place finish in 1983, one shot out of the playoff between John Cook and Johnny Miller. During the five-year period between 1981 and 1985, the Ryder Cup matches provided Nicklaus with two bright spots. He completed his competition as a player in style by contributing a perfect 4–0–0 record (inclusive of a 5 & 3 anchor singles match win over Eamonn Darcy) in 1981, and captained the United States
United States
team in 1983 to a one-point win over Europe. Wins 6th Masters at the age of 46 (1986)[edit] In 1986, Nicklaus capped his major championship career by recording his sixth Masters victory under incredible circumstances; he posted a six-under-par 30 on the back nine for a final round of seven-under-par 65. At the 17th hole, Nicklaus hit his second shot to within 18 feet (5.5 m) and rolled it in for birdie, raising his putter in celebration and completing an eagle-birdie-birdie run. Nicklaus made a solid par-4 at the 72nd hole, and waited for the succeeding players, several of whom (Tom Kite, Greg Norman) were still in contention, to fall short. Nicklaus played the final ten holes seven under par, with six birdies and an eagle. At age 46, Nicklaus became the oldest Masters winner in history, a record which still stands. On the feat, sports columnist Thomas Boswell remarked,

Some things cannot possibly happen, because they are both too improbable and too perfect. The U.S. hockey team cannot beat the Russians in the 1980 Olympics. Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
cannot shoot 65 to win The Masters at age 46. Nothing else comes immediately to mind.[37]

This victory was his 18th and final major title as a professional. This victory was to be his last in his long career on the PGA Tour, and was described at the time by noted golf historian and writer Herbert Warren Wind as "nothing less than the most important accomplishment in golf since Bobby Jones' Grand Slam in 1930". Author Ken Bowden would write after the win:

There have been prettier swingers of the club than Jack Nicklaus. There may have been better ball-strikers than Jack Nicklaus. There have definitely been better short-game exponents than Jack Nicklaus. Other golfers have putted as well as Jack Nicklaus. There may have been golfers as dedicated and fiercely competitive as Jack Nicklaus. But no individual has been able to develop, combine and sustain all of the complex physical skills and the immense mental and emotional resources the game demands at its highest level as well as Jack Nicklaus has for as long as he has.

At the age of 58, Nicklaus made another valiant run at the 1998 Masters, where he tied for sixth despite being hampered by an ever-increasing painful left hip.[38] Nicklaus' five-under par 283 is the lowest 72-hole score by a player over 50 in the Masters. Over the course of his 25-year span (1962–1986) of winning 18 major championships, Nicklaus finished second an astounding 18 times (excluding the second-place finish at the 1960 U.S. Open as an amateur). He also placed third nine times and fourth seven times in this span and was one stroke out of a playoff on five of those occasions (1963 Open Championship, 1967 PGA Championship, 1975 Open Championship, 1977 PGA Championship, and 1979 Masters Tournament). His total span of 73 top-10 finishes over 39 years (1960–1998) is a record in total number as well as longevity among the four major championships and encompassed his tenure from an amateur through the majority of his Champions Tour
Champions Tour
career. Senior golf career[edit] Nicklaus became eligible to join the Senior PGA Tour, now known as PGA Tour Champions, when he turned 50 in January 1990,[39] at which point he declared, "I'm never satisfied. Trouble is, I want to play like me—and I can't play like me anymore."[37] He then quickly won in his first start on the Tour, The Tradition, also a Senior Tour major championship. Nicklaus would go on to win another three Traditions—the final two in succession—while the most anyone else has won is two.

Nicklaus walks up to his ball on the 9th hole of the par-3 course at Augusta National
Augusta National
Golf Club during the 2006 par-3 contest.

Later in the year, Nicklaus won the Senior Players Championship
Senior Players Championship
by six shots over Lee Trevino
Lee Trevino
for his second win of the year, and also his second major of the year by shooting a record 27-under par 261. The next year, in 1991, Nicklaus won three of the five events he started in, those being the U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
at Oakland Hills by firing a 65 in a playoff against Chi-Chi Rodríguez
Chi-Chi Rodríguez
and his fine round of 69, the PGA Seniors Championship and The Tradition
The Tradition
for the second year straight. These, again, were all majors on the senior circuit. Nicklaus has won all the senior majors with the exception of the Senior Open Championship
Open Championship
(also known as the Senior British Open). However, he never played in that event until after he turned 60, and it was only elevated to a major in 2003. After a winless year in 1992, Nicklaus came back to win the U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
for the second time in 1993 by one shot over Tom Weiskopf. Also in that year he teamed up with Chi-Chi Rodríguez
Chi-Chi Rodríguez
and Raymond Floyd to win the Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge for the Senior PGA Tour
PGA Tour
team.[40] In 1994, Nicklaus won the Senior PGA Tour's version of the Mercedes Championship for his only win of the year.[41] The Tradition
The Tradition
was his again in 1995, in a year where he made the top 10 in all of the seven tournaments he entered in.[42] His 100th career win came the next year, when he won the Tradition for the fourth time, and second time in succession. He made a double eagle in the final round. Nicklaus closed the final 36 holes with back-to-back seven-under par rounds of 65 to shoot a 16-under par 272 and win by three shots over Hale Irwin. This was to be his last win on the Senior PGA Tour, and the last official win of his career.[43] Close of playing career[edit] Nicklaus played in his final U.S. Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links
Pebble Beach Golf Links
in 2000, where he shot 73-82 to miss the cut; this was the same tournament where Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
won his first Open when he outclassed the two second-place finishers by a 15-shot margin.[44] Later in the year, he was paired with Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
and Vijay Singh
Vijay Singh
in his final PGA Championship only a few days after the death of his mother, where he missed the cut by one shot.[45][46] In both tournaments, Nicklaus provided last-minute heroics by reaching the par-5 18th in two shots in the U.S. Open and nearly holing his wedge shot for eagle at the par-5 18th in the PGA Championship. Nicklaus played without much preparation in the 2005 Masters, a month after the drowning death of his 17-month-old grandson Jake (child of his son Steve) on March 1, 2005. In a written statement, Nicklaus said that it was impossible to put into words the devastation of his family. Nicklaus later spoke emotionally about the tragedy. He said: "It's been an overwhelmingly difficult and trying time for my entire family. The loss of our precious 17-month-old grandson Jake was devastating."[47] Nicklaus and his son Steve played golf as therapy for their grief following Jake's death. After days of playing, Steve suggested his father return to The Masters. He made that his last appearance in the tournament.[48] Later in 2005, Nicklaus finished his professional career at The Open Championship played at St Andrews on July 15, 2005.[49] On St Andrews, Nicklaus stated:

I'm very sentimental and the place gets to me every time I go there. In May I walked around and welled up with hardly anyone watching me. St Andrews was always where I wanted to finish my major career.[50]

Nicklaus turned 65 in January that year, which was the last year he could enter The Open Championship
The Open Championship
as an exempt player. He played with Luke Donald
Luke Donald
and Tom Watson in his final round.[51] After hitting his tee shot off the 18th tee in the second round, Nicklaus received a ten-minute standing ovation from the crowd. On the eighteenth fairway, he gave his final farewell to professional golf while standing on the iconic Swilken Bridge.[52] Soon afterwards, Nicklaus ended his career with a birdie, holing a 15-foot birdie putt on the 18th green. Nicklaus missed the 36-hole cut with a score of +3 (147).[53] The last competitive tournament in which Nicklaus played in the United States was the Champions Tour's Bayer Advantage Classic in Overland Park, Kansas, on June 13, 2005.[53] On April 8, 2015, Nicklaus hit his first-ever hole-in-one at the Augusta National
Augusta National
Golf Club at the age of 75 when participating in the Masters' Par 3 Contest, albeit on the Par 3 Course, while playing with Gary Player
Gary Player
and Ben Crenshaw.[54] He hit 20 holes-in-one in professional tournament play at other venues over his career.[55] Off-the-course activities[edit] Golf course design[edit] Main article: Nicklaus Design Nicklaus devotes much of his time to golf course design and operates one of the largest golf design practices in the world. In the mid-1960s, Pete Dye initially requested Nicklaus' opinion in the architecture process of The Golf Club in suburban Columbus, Ohio, and the input increased from that point forward. Nicklaus considered golf course design another facet of the game that kept him involved and offered a challenge. His first design, Harbour Town Golf Links, co-credited with Dye, was opened for play in 1969.[56] A subsequent early, yet more prominent design was Muirfield
Muirfield
Village Golf Club in Dublin, OH which opened in 1974 and has hosted the Memorial Tournament since its inception in 1976. This course has also hosted the 1987 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
and the 1998 Solheim Cup
Solheim Cup
matches. For the first few years, all of his projects were co-designs with either Pete Dye or Desmond Muirhead, who were two of the leading golf course architects of that era. His first solo design, Glen Abbey Golf Course
Glen Abbey Golf Course
in Oakville, Ontario, opened for play in 1976.[57] This course served as the host site for the Canadian Open for many years, the first being in 1977.[58] The oldest golf club in the U.S, Saint Andrew's Golf Club in New York, was redesigned by Nicklaus in 1983.[59] In 2000, the King & Bear opened in St. Augustine, Florida, as a joint collaboration between Nicklaus and Arnold Palmer. In 2006, the Concession Golf Club opened in Sarasota, Florida, as a joint collaboration between Nicklaus and Tony Jacklin, to commemorate their historic Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
singles match in 1969. Nicklaus is in partnership with his four sons and his son-in-law through their company, Nicklaus Design. The company had 299 courses open for play at the end of 2005, which was nearly 1% of all the courses in the world (In 2005 Golf Digest
Golf Digest
calculated that there were nearly 32,000 golf courses in the world, approximately half of them in the United States.[56][60]). While the majority of Nicklaus-designed courses are located in the United States, the company has designed golf courses in Asia, Australia, Canada, Europe, and Mexico. For 2009, Nicklaus Design had 12 courses in Golf Digest's "75 Best Golf Resorts in North America". Past and present Senior Design Associates with Nicklaus Design include Chris Cochran,[61] Chet Williams[62] and Dave Heatwole.[63] Writings and media[edit] Nicklaus has written several golf instructional books, an autobiography (My Story), a book on his golf course design methods and philosophy, and has produced several golf videos. The writer Ken Bowden often assisted him with this work. His book Golf My Way is one of the all-time classics of golf instruction, and has been reissued several times since the initial printing in 1974. Nicklaus has also written golf instructional columns for Golf Magazine
Golf Magazine
and for Golf Digest magazine, with which he is currently associated. He also appeared as a television analyst and commentator with ABC Sports
ABC Sports
on golf broadcasts.[64] Several of the books have been reissued, sometimes under different titles, and My Story as a special high-quality limited edition for the 2000 Memorial Tournament. Golf computer games[edit] Between 1988 and 1998, Nicklaus also gave his name to promote the successful Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Golf computer game series developed by Accolade. Several of the golf courses he designed were incorporated into the fourth incarnation of the game Jack Nicklaus 4 published in 1997. In addition, Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
6: Golden Bear Challenge by Activision was published in 1999. Other interests[edit] Nicklaus continues to manage the Memorial Tournament, which he created in his home state of Ohio. The event is played at Muirfield
Muirfield
Village, a course that he co-designed with Desmond Muirhead and opened in 1974. The course was officially dedicated on Memorial Day, May 27, 1974, with an exhibition match between Nicklaus and Tom Weiskopf. Nicklaus scored a six-under-par 66, which stood as the course record until 1979. The forerunner to this tournament, the Columbus Pro-Am, had its final year in 1975, and the inaugural Memorial Tournament
Memorial Tournament
was held the following year. The tournament is one of the more prestigious events on the PGA Tour.[26] Each year, the tournament selects one or more individuals as honorees who have made a significant impact to the game. The inaugural tournament in 1976 paid tribute to the late Bobby Jones, while the 25th edition in 2000 honored Nicklaus, himself. This concept was Nicklaus' idea as a contribution to perpetuating achievements of the game's greatest individuals. The honoree is selected by the Captain's Club, a group that acts independently of the tournament organization, but also advises on player invitations and the general conduct of the event. Members of the Captain's Club include Peter Alliss, Peggy Kirk Bell, George H.W. Bush, Sean Connery, Arnold Palmer, and Gary Player among others. The Memorial Tournament
Memorial Tournament
continues the PGA Tour's philanthropic focus through its relationships with Central Ohio charities. The most significant of which is its relationship with Nationwide Children's Hospital since 1976. Contributions generated through the support of over 2,600 volunteers are distributed each year to the Hospital's unrestricted giving fund. This fund assists in ensuring Central Ohio continues to have one of the best children's hospitals in the United States. The Memorial Tournament
Memorial Tournament
has raised more than $5.7 million to support the programs and services at Nationwide Children's Hospital in those 30-plus years. In 2005 the Memorial made a pledge that will elevate its level of giving to more than $11 million in the coming years. Unique and successful relationships also exist with Fore Hope, James Cancer Hospital, Wolfe Associates, The First Tee, Central Ohio Junior Golf Association, Shriners, Lions Club and many more. Nicklaus and wife Barbara serve as honorary chairman and active chairwoman of the Nicklaus Children's Health Care Foundation in North Palm Beach, Florida which provides valuable programs and services to more than 4,000 hospitalized children and their families, free of charge, through Child Life programs, the Pediatric Oncology Support Team, and the Safe Kids program. The Nicklauses established "The Jake", a pro-am golf tournament played annually at The Bear's Club in Jupiter, Florida in honor of their 17-month-old grandson who drowned in a hot tub in 2005. It has become the foundation's chief fundraiser. Players like Robert Allenby, Raymond Floyd, Tom Watson, Ian Baker-Finch, Ernie Els, Jay Haas, Johnny Miller, and Gary Player
Gary Player
have participated. No one accepts a fee. Everything goes to the foundation, more than $3 million over the past three years. Nicklaus and retired General John Shalikashvili, who served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
from 1993 to 1997, are serving as honorary chairs for the American Lake Veterans Golf Course capital campaign in Tacoma, WA. The $4.5 million campaign in 2009 was established to complete the nation's only golf course designed for the rehabilitation of wounded and disabled veterans. The existing nine-hole course is operated, maintained, and managed by 160 volunteers. Funds are needed to add nine new holes and make other improvements to better accommodate demand from the growing influx of wounded veterans. A two-day event was held at Bighorn Golf Club at Palm Desert, CA featuring Nicklaus, who is donating his design services for the "Nicklaus Nine". In announcing his donation of services (valued at $500,000), Nicklaus said, "I was moved to see the amazing efforts at American Lake Veterans Golf Course where our wounded warriors learn to play golf with the help of an incredible army of volunteers." Monies raised during the campaign will be used to construct the new holes, complete the construction of the Rehabilitation and Learning Center, make improvements to the original holes to enhance accessibility, upgrade the maintenance facilities and restrooms, and help underwrite operational costs. Nicklaus owns Nicklaus Golf Equipment, which he founded in 1992.[65] Nicklaus Golf Equipment
Nicklaus Golf Equipment
manufactures equipment in three brands: Golden Bear, Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Signature, and Nicklaus Premium. These brands are designed to target golfers at different stages of golfing ability.[66] He has also been known to reach out to younger golfers. One notable example came in 1984, when a teenage Canadian golfer who had previously met Nicklaus at an exhibition wrote him for career advice. The young golfer was right-handed but played left-handed; although he was showing considerable promise as a left-hander, he had been told that he might be an even better player if he switched to right-handed play. He wrote Nicklaus asking for advice; Nicklaus immediately wrote back telling him not to change if he was comfortable playing left-handed. The young Canadian, Mike Weir, decided to stay with left-handed play, and eventually became a Masters champion. He still keeps Nicklaus' letter framed in his home.[67] Nicklaus lends his name and likeness to a line of flavored lemonades from Arizona Beverage Company, the same company that sells the Arnold Palmer line of lemonade/iced tea blends. In 2010, Nicklaus partnered with Terlato Wines to produce a collection of three Napa Valley wines: Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Private Reserve (a red blend), Cabernet Sauvignon and Private Reserve White (a white blend).[68] In 2012, Golden Bear Reserve, a Bordeaux-style red blend, was released to mark the 50th anniversary of Jack Nicklaus' first major championship victory, the 1962 U.S. Open.[69] Playing style[edit] During his prime, Nicklaus was consistently among the longest and straightest hitters on the PGA Tour.[70] One early example was winning the official long drive contest at the 1963 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
with a belt of 341 yards, 17 inches (312 meters). This record lasted more than 20 years. He preferred the fade (left-to-right shape) for his ball flight, since this allowed the ball to stop quickly on hard and fast greens. Another factor in this decision was his distance capabilities, which were developed enough to allow him to play a fade and still reach long par fours and par fives in two shots.[13] Nicklaus considers his longest drive in competition to be during the final round of the 1964 Masters on the 15th hole, where he had less than 160 yards left to the 500 yard par five. He hit an eight-iron slightly over the green for his second shot. As his career matured, he also developed the ability to hit the right-to-left controlled draw when needed. Nicklaus debuted as a young pro who hit the ball very high, but he could also hit lower-trajectory shots when needed, after gaining pro experience. In 1968, IBM
IBM
kept PGA Tour
PGA Tour
statistics for the first time, but did not continue this practice in the immediately subsequent years. Nicklaus led two categories for the 1968 season: he had an average driving distance of 275 yards, and hit 75 percent of greens in regulation; both marks were significantly ahead of rivals.[71] Even though official PGA Tour
PGA Tour
statistics did not begin until 1980, Nicklaus was consistently the leader in greens hit in regulation through that year, displaying great command of the long and middle irons. Indeed, Nicklaus remained in the top six of this category through 1985 – far past his best playing years. Nicklaus also finished 10th in driving distance and 13th in driving accuracy in 1980 at age 40, which equated to a "Total Driving" composite of 23 – a statistical level not attained since, by a comfortable margin. Nicklaus led this category through 1982. One key to Nicklaus' ball-striking ability and overall power was his exceptional swing tempo. Of this Tom Watson referred to it as Nicklaus' greatest strength in its ability to remain smooth. This proved an asset, especially under pressure, which allowed him to obtain great distance control with his irons. Nicklaus was also known for his course management skills. He would plan to hit each full shot to the optimal position, to best set up his next shot, usually aiming for level lies and clear approach lines, while favoring his preferred shot shapes. He would often hold back on power to achieve this, but had a power advantage over most rivals through the set, so that he could hit a 3-wood or 1-iron from the tee with increased accuracy to avoid trouble, with sufficient length to keep up with the drivers hit by most rivals. An exceptional example of this came in the final round of the 1966 Open Championship
1966 Open Championship
at Muirfield, on the 17th hole, a 530-yard par 5 hole. Nicklaus needed a birdie, but the hole was framed by tall fescue rough, and was playing downwind with very firm turf conditions. He used a 3-iron from the tee and hit the shot 290 yards, then hit a 5-iron 240 yards onto the green, two-putted for birdie, and parred the final hole to win the title.[26] Nicklaus was the first professional player to chart and document yardages on the course on a consistent, planned basis. For most of his career, Nicklaus was not known for his skill on touch shots with the wedges, so he would often play to avoid wedge shots which needed less-than-full swings. Gary Player
Gary Player
states that Nicklaus had "the greatest mind the game has ever known".[72] While not known for being an outstanding putter, Nicklaus was often able to make the important putts when he needed them.[73] Nicklaus's putting was highly regarded by his rivals. He was also known as a conservative player at times, going for broke only when it was necessary. This was especially apparent on the green, where he would often choose to be less aggressive and make sure of an easy two-putt. Nicklaus spoke about this in his autobiography. "I was a fine two-putter, but sometimes too defensive—too concerned about three-putting—to go for putts that I probably should have gone for."[26] Awards and recognition[edit] Main article: List of career achievements by Jack Nicklaus § Awards

Nicklaus "dotting the i" at the Ohio State Buckeyes
Ohio State Buckeyes
football game against Minnesota Golden Gophers at Ohio Stadium
Ohio Stadium
on 2006-10-28. Nicklaus can be seen in red in the middle of the field.

After his first year on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
in 1962, Nicklaus received the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Rookie of the Year award. As well as receiving the PGA Tour Player of the Year five times and topping the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list eight times, he has also attained the Bob Jones Award and the Payne Stewart Award, among others. Nicklaus was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame
World Golf Hall of Fame
in the inaugural class of 1974 and the Canadian Golf Hall of Fame
Canadian Golf Hall of Fame
in 1995. His likeness was featured on a special commemorative issue five-pound note issued by the Royal Bank of Scotland, making him the first living person outside the Royal Family
Royal Family
to appear on a British banknote.[74][75][76] In 1999 he was on the six man short list for the BBC's Sports Personality of the Century.[77] In 2001, Nicklaus was honored with the "Lombardi Award of Excellence" from the Vince Lombardi
Vince Lombardi
Cancer Foundation. The award was created to honor Coach Lombardi's legacy, and is awarded annually to an individual who exemplifies the spirit of the Coach. There is a Jack Nicklaus Museum on the campus of The Ohio State University in his home town of Columbus, Ohio.[78] The museum was opened in 2002 and is a state-of-the-art, 24,000-square-foot (2,200 m2) facility offering a comprehensive view of Nicklaus' life and career in and out of golf as well as exhibits celebrating the history and legends of the game. Nicklaus had the rare privilege of "dotting the 'i'" of "Script Ohio", the signature formation of the Ohio State University
Ohio State University
Marching Band, at the Ohio State homecoming game on October 28, 2006 when the Buckeyes played Minnesota; this is considered the greatest honor that can be bestowed on a non-band member.[79] Nicklaus was the fifth non-band member to receive this award. Other recipients include Bob Hope
Bob Hope
and Woody Hayes. While at Ohio State University, Nicklaus became a member of the Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta.[80] Along with Annika Sörenstam, Nicklaus was named a Global Ambassador for the International Golf Federation
International Golf Federation
in 2008 and was instrumental in bringing golf to the Olympics for the 2016 and 2020 games. Golf was last an Olympic sport at the 1904 Games in St. Louis, Mo. when the United States
United States
and Canada were the only two competing countries. The International Olympic Committee
International Olympic Committee
approved the inclusion by a vote of 63–27, with two abstentions. Nicklaus joined Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
as an honorary starter for the 2010 Masters. Nicklaus became the eighth honorary starter since the tradition began in 1963 when Nicklaus won his first green jacket. The Big Three were once again reunited in Augusta for the 2012 Masters Tournament as Gary Player
Gary Player
joined Palmer and Nicklaus to kickoff the 76th renewal of the major tournament.

Congressional Gold Medal

Nicklaus, through his global reach in design and development, as well as the worldwide marketing and licensing of his golf and lifestyle brand, is atop Golf Inc. magazine's coveted list of the "Most Powerful People in Golf" for a record-extending sixth consecutive year. He is the only golf industry figure who has ever been named to the No. 1 spot for more than three years. Nicklaus topped the 2009 worldwide list of 35 individuals who were selected by a panel of editors for their ability to influence and impact the business of golf, be it the development of courses and communities, the operation of courses, the equipment used by golfers, or the rules and regulations of the game. Golf Inc. wrote that while the Golden Bear's reign at No. 1 is unprecedented, "the fact is that he keeps adding to his legend, at the design table and in the business world. Despite a worldwide course development slowdown, Nicklaus's design firm has over 40 courses in development around the globe...And he remains perhaps golf's most respected spokesperson on a wide range of issues." On May 19, 2014, the United States
United States
House of Representatives voted to pass H.R. 2203, a bill that would award Nicklaus the Congressional Gold Medal "in recognition of his service to the nation in promoting excellence and good sportsmanship."[81] The bill says that Nicklaus' "magnetic personality and unfailing sense of kindness and thoughtfulness have endeared him to millions throughout the world."[82] Congressman Thomas Massie
Thomas Massie
objected to a voice vote, and demanded a roll call vote.[83] He then tried to rally opposition to the measure, but the vote passed easily over Massie's objection: 371–10.[83] Career achievements[edit] Main article: List of career achievements by Jack Nicklaus Nicklaus holds the record for major championships on the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
with a total 18; Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
is in second place with 14. Nicklaus has the third most PGA Tour
PGA Tour
victories with 73, behind Sam Snead
Sam Snead
(82) and Tiger Woods (79). Nicklaus also holds the record for the most wins at the Masters with six, and The Players Championship
The Players Championship
with three. He played on six Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
teams, captained the team twice and the Presidents Cup team four times, and topped the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
money list and scoring average eight times each. For 24 straight seasons, from 1960 to 1983 inclusive, he made at least one top ten finish in a major championship, and this is a record.

PGA Tour
PGA Tour
wins (73) PGA Tour
PGA Tour
of Australasia wins (7) Other wins (19) Senior Tour wins (10) Other senior wins (8)

Major championships[edit] Wins (18)[edit]

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runner(s)-up

1962 U.S. Open 2 shot deficit −1 (72-70-72-69=283) Playoff 1 Arnold Palmer

1963 Masters Tournament 1 shot lead −2 (74-66-74-72=286) 1 stroke Tony Lema

1963 PGA Championship 3 shot deficit −5 (69-73-69-68=279) 2 strokes Dave Ragan

1965 Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
(2) 5 shot lead −17 (67-71-64-69=271) 9 strokes Arnold Palmer, Gary Player

1966 Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
(3) Tied for lead E (68-76-72-72=288) Playoff 2 Tommy Jacobs (2nd) Gay Brewer
Gay Brewer
(3rd)

1966 The Open Championship 2 shot deficit −2 (70-67-75-70=282) 1 stroke Doug Sanders, Dave Thomas

1967 U.S. Open (2) 1 shot deficit −5 (71-67-72-65=275) 4 strokes Arnold Palmer

1970 The Open Championship
The Open Championship
(2) 2 shot deficit −5 (68-69-73-73=283) Playoff 3 Doug Sanders

1971 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
(2) 4 shot lead −7 (69-69-70-73=281) 2 strokes Billy Casper

1972 Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
(4) 1 shot lead −2 (68-71-73-74=286) 3 strokes Bruce Crampton, Bobby Mitchell, Tom Weiskopf

1972 U.S. Open (3) 1 shot lead +2 (71-73-72-74=290) 3 strokes Bruce Crampton

1973 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
(3) 1 shot lead −7 (72-68-68-69=277) 4 strokes Bruce Crampton

1975 Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
(5) 1 shot deficit −12 (68-67-73-68=276) 1 stroke Tom Weiskopf, Johnny Miller

1975 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
(4) 4 shot lead −4 (70-68-67-71=276) 2 strokes Bruce Crampton

1978 The Open Championship
The Open Championship
(3) 1 shot deficit −7 (71-72-69-69=281) 2 strokes Ben Crenshaw, Raymond Floyd, Tom Kite, Simon Owen

1980 U.S. Open (4) Tied for lead −8 (63-71-70-68=272) 2 strokes Isao Aoki

1980 PGA Championship
PGA Championship
(5) 3 shot lead −6 (70-69-66-69=274) 7 strokes Andy Bean

1986 Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
(6) 4 shot deficit −9 (74-71-69-65=279) 1 stroke Tom Kite, Greg Norman

1 Defeated Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
in 18-hole playoff – Nicklaus (71), Palmer (74). 2 Defeated Tommy Jacobs (2nd) & Gay Brewer
Gay Brewer
(3rd) in 18-hole playoff – Nicklaus (70), Jacobs (72), Brewer (78). 1st, 2nd and 3rd prizes awarded in this playoff. 3 Defeated Doug Sanders in 18-hole playoff – Nicklaus (72), Sanders (73). Results timeline[edit]

Tournament 1957 1958 1959

Masters Tournament

CUT

U.S. Open CUT T41 CUT

The Open Championship

PGA Championship

Tournament 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969

Masters Tournament T13 LA T7 T15 1 T2 1 1 CUT T5 T24

U.S. Open 2 LA T4 LA 1 CUT T23 T32 3 1 2 T25

The Open Championship

T34 3 2 T12 1 2 T2 T6

PGA Championship

T3 1 T2 T2 T22 T3 CUT T11

Tournament 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979

Masters Tournament 8 T2 1 T3 T4 1 T3 2 7 4

U.S. Open T49 2 1 T4 T10 T7 T11 T10 T6 T9

The Open Championship 1 T5 2 4 3 T3 T2 2 1 T2

PGA Championship T6 1 T13 1 2 1 T4 3 CUT T65

Tournament 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

Masters Tournament T33 T2 T15 WD T18 T6 1 T7 T21 T18

U.S. Open 1 T6 2 T43 T21 CUT T8 T46 CUT T43

The Open Championship T4 T23 T10 T29 T31 CUT T46 T72 T25 T30

PGA Championship 1 T4 T16 2 T25 T32 T16 T24 CUT T27

Tournament 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

Masters Tournament 6 T35 T42 T27 CUT T35 T41 T39 T6

U.S. Open T33 T46 CUT T72 T28 CUT T27 T52 T43 CUT

The Open Championship T63 T44 CUT CUT CUT T79 T45 T60

PGA Championship CUT T23 CUT CUT CUT T67 CUT CUT

Tournament 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

Masters Tournament T54 CUT

CUT CUT CUT

U.S. Open CUT

The Open Championship CUT

CUT

PGA Championship CUT

  Win   Top 10   Did not play LA = Low amateur CUT = missed the halfway cut WD = withdrew "T" indicates a tie for a place. Summary[edit]

Tournament Wins 2nd 3rd Top-5 Top-10 Top-25 Events Cuts made

Masters Tournament 6 4 2 15 22 29 45 37

U.S. Open 4 4 1 11 18 22 44 35

The Open Championship 3 7 3 16 18 21 38 32

PGA Championship 5 4 3 14 15 23 37 27

Totals 18 19 9 56 73 95 164 131

Most consecutive cuts made – 39 Longest streak of top-10s – 13 At the Open Championship,1966–80, Nicklaus finished 15 consecutive years in the top-6. Specifically 1st (3), 2nd (6), 3rd (2), 4th (2), 5th (1), 6th (1). At the Masters, 1970–79, Nicklaus finished 10 consecutive years in the top-8. Specifically 1st (2), 2nd (2), 3rd (2), 4th (2), 7th (1), 8th (1).

All of the totals above are stand-alone records with the exception of the longest streak of consecutive cuts made in majors at 39 which was equaled by Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
(1996–2006) and the longest streak of top-10s in majors which is held by Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
with 18 between 1948 and 1956. Senior major championships[edit] Wins (8)[edit]

Year Championship Winning score Margin Runner(s)-up

1990 The Tradition
The Tradition
at Desert Mountain −10 (71-67-68=206) 4 strokes Gary Player

1990 Mazda Senior Tournament Players Championship −27 (65-68-64-64=261) 6 strokes Lee Trevino

1991 The Tradition
The Tradition
at Desert Mountain (2) −11 (71-73-66-67=277) 1 stroke Jim Colbert, Jim Dent, Phil Rodgers

1991 PGA Seniors' Championship −17 (66-66-69-70=271) 6 strokes Bruce Crampton

1991 U.S. Senior Open +2 (72-69-70-71=282) Playoff1 Chi-Chi Rodríguez

1993 U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
(2) −6 (68-73-67-70=278) 1 stroke Tom Weiskopf

1995 The Tradition
The Tradition
(3) −12 (69-71-69-67=276) Playoff2 Isao Aoki

1996 The Tradition
The Tradition
(4) −16 (68-74-65-65=272) 3 strokes Hale Irwin

1 In an 18-hole playoff, Nicklaus shot a (65) to Rodríguez's (69). Results timeline[edit]

Tournament 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999

The Tradition 1 1 2 T9 T4 1 1 T25 T25 DNP

Senior PGA Championship T3 1 T10 T9 9 8 T22 T2 T6 DNP

Senior Players Championship 1 T22 DNP T22 T6 2 T24 T8 6 DNP

U.S. Senior Open T2 1 T3 1 T7 2 16 T5 T13 DNP

Tournament 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

The Tradition T9 T29 69 T10 DNP

Senior PGA Championship T12 12 WD CUT WD

Senior Players Championship T34 WD DNP T40 DNP

U.S. Senior Open T21 4 DNP T25 DNP

Senior British Open -1 -1 -1 T14 DNP

1The Senior British Open was not sanctioned by the circuit then known as the Champions Tour
Champions Tour
until 2003. DNP = Did not play CUT = Missed the half-way cut WD = Withdrew "T" = tied Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10. Summary of performances[edit]

Starts – 50 Cuts made – 46 (cut once, withdrew 3 times) Wins – 8 Second place finishes – 5 Top-three finishes – 15 Top-five finishes – 18 Top-10 finishes – 30 Longest streak of top-10s – 10

See also[edit]

Golf portal

Career Grand Slam Champions List of golfers with most PGA Tour
PGA Tour
wins List of men's major championships winning golfers List of golfers with most PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Champions wins List of golfers with most Champions Tour
Champions Tour
major championship wins List of golfers with most wins in one PGA Tour
PGA Tour
event List of golf courses designed by Jack Nicklaus

Notes and references[edit]

^ Auclair, T.J. "10 Greatest golfers of all time". pga.com. Retrieved May 19, 2017.  ^ https://www.thoughtco.com/ranking-golfs-greatest-players-1561114 ^ Spencer, Reid. The Sporting News selects 50 Greatest Golfers. The Sporting News. ISBN 0-89204-692-9.  ^ a b c "1966 Jack Nicklaus". The Open. Archived from the original on October 16, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013.  ^ http://people.com/celebrity/jack-nicklauss-mother-dies/ ^ http://www.nydailynews.com/archives/sports/jack-heartache-nicklaus-play-masters-pain-grandson-death-article-1.550404 ^ http://www.golfchannel.com/news/golf-central-blog/know-jack-charlie-and-helen-nicklaus/ ^ a b c d e f g h Nicklaus, Jack; Bowden, Ken (1978). On & Off the Fairway. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0671225681.  ^ a b c d O'Connor, Ian (April 11, 2008). Arnie & Jack: Palmer, Nicklaus, and Golf's Greatest Rivalry. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-75446-6.  ^ https://www.everydayhealth.com/pancreatic-cancer/1006/dana-delany-jack-nicklaus-lisa-niemi-swayze-unite-to-raise-awareness-for-pancreatic-cancer.aspx ^ Sounes, Howard (2005). The Wicked Game: Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, and the Story of Modern Golf. William Morrow. ISBN 978-0-06-051386-3.  ^ Yocum, Guy (April 2004). "My Shot: Jack Nicklaus". Golf Digest. Retrieved May 22, 2007.  ^ a b c d e f g Nicklaus, Jack; Bowden, Ken (1974). Golf My Way. William Heinemann Ltd. ISBN 1-85051-475-5.  ^ "Wall's 67 for 132 Keeps Golf Lead; Bolt, Phillips, Nicklaus and Balding Share Second, a Stroke Back, at Akron". The New York Times. UPI. July 4, 1958.  ^ a b "Nicklaus wins National Am; nixes pro life". The Bulletin. Bend, Oregon. United Press International. September 21, 1959. p. 3.  ^ "2006 World Amateur Championship Fact Sheet". Retrieved March 17, 2007.  ^ "Nicklaus says that he won't turn pro". Ocala Star-Banner. Ocala, Florida. Associated Press. August 24, 1959. p. 8.  ^ Boyette, John (July 23, 2010). "Nicklauses celebrate 50 years". Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved February 25, 2013.  ^ "Nicklaus won't turn pro, despite pressure". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. October 21, 1961. p. 4-part 2.  ^ "Attractive bait put to entice Nicklaus". Palm Beach Post. Associated Press. October 24, 1961. p. 14.  ^ "Amateurs breathing easy, Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
turns pro". Youngstown Vindicator. Associated Press. November 9, 1961. p. 32.  ^ "Amateur king Nicklaus reports he'll turn pro". St. Joseph Gazette. St. Joseph, Missouri. Associated Press. November 9, 1961. p. 7.  ^ The Boston Globe, August 13, 2013 ^ Grimsley, Will (April 4, 1965). "Nicklaus: none so successful so soon". Sarasota
Sarasota
Herald-Tribune. Florida. Associated Press. p. 3D.  ^ Wright, Alfred (June 26, 1967). "Jack Delivers The Crusher". Sports Illustrated.  ^ a b c d e f Nicklaus, Jack; Bowden, Ken (1997). Jack Nicklaus: My Story. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-83628-7.  ^ "The 2008 Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
– History – 1969". Ryder Cup. Retrieved December 29, 2012.  ^ "Yanks great golf good for tie". St. Petersburg Times. AP. September 22, 1969. p. 4-C.  ^ "Jack seeks 2nd title sweep". Eugene Register-Guard. Associated Press. August 14, 1970. p. 3B.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1970". Nicklaus.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ Soffian, Seth. "Nicklaus, Woods have major ties". News-Press. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ " Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
in the World Golf Hall of Fame". World Golf Hall of Fame. Retrieved January 17, 2014.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1974". Nicklaus.com. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1975". Nicklaus.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2008. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1977". Nicklaus.com. Archived from the original on January 17, 2010. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Nicklaus rally topples Jones". The Morning Record and Journal. Meriden, Connecticut. UPI. February 27, 1978. p. 10.  ^ a b Apfelbaum, Jim, ed. (2007). The Gigantic Book of Golf Quotations. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60239-014-0.  ^ Michaux, Scott (April 3, 2005). "Langer sees time to wear third jacket". The Augusta Chronicle. Archived from the original on July 28, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1990". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1993". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1994". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1995". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Professional Highlights 1996". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ Garity, John (June 26, 2000). "Open and Shut". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on June 3, 2009. Retrieved December 18, 2008.  ^ Denney, Bob. "The Pairings Challenge". Retrieved December 18, 2008.  ^ "Major Championship Performances". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Nicklaus to Focus Attention on Family". Washington Post. March 25, 2005. Retrieved December 29, 2012.  ^ Van Brimmer, Adam (April 9, 2005). "Golden Bear says goodbye". Morris News Service. Archived from the original on July 28, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Nicklaus set for St Andrews bow". BBC
BBC
Sport. July 3, 2005. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Nicklaus set for St Andrews bow". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved March 4, 2014.  ^ Slater, Matt (July 15, 2005). "Woods shines as Nicklaus bows out". BBC
BBC
Sport. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Swilcan Bridge replica a true World Golf Hall of Fame
World Golf Hall of Fame
highlight". PGA of America. Retrieved March 4, 2014.  ^ a b " Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Bio". Archived from the original on November 2, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ Newport, Kyle (April 8, 2015). "75-Year-Old Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Picks Up an Ace at 2015 Masters Par 3 Contest". Bleacher Report.  ^ "Facts and Figures" (PDF). www.nicklaus.com. Retrieved July 20, 2016.  ^ a b "Nicklaus Design". Nicklaus.com. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Glen Abbey: Overview". Archived from the original on September 18, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2008.  ^ "RBC Canadian Open". Archived from the original on September 28, 2009. Retrieved December 21, 2008.  ^ "Golf". Saint Andrews Golf Club. Retrieved 2017-12-09.  ^ "Golf in Europe". VisitEurope.com. Archived from the original on December 19, 2007. Retrieved November 8, 2007.  ^ "Lionsgate". Retrieved April 9, 2012.  ^ "Ritz Carlton". Retrieved April 9, 2012.  ^ "The Cliffs". Retrieved April 9, 2012.  ^ "U.S. Open Preview". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 21, 2008.  ^ " Nicklaus Golf Equipment
Nicklaus Golf Equipment
Company Profile". Retrieved December 22, 2008.  ^ "Nicklaus Golf Equipment". Retrieved December 22, 2008.  ^ Feinstein, John (2010). Moment of Glory: The Year Underdogs Ruled Golf. New York: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 36–37. ISBN 0-316-02531-3.  ^ " Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Wines: Overview". Archived from the original on February 16, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2014.  ^ "Golf Legend Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
Introduces a Napa Cabernet". May 27, 2010.  ^ "Ball-striking". NBC Sports. Retrieved December 23, 2008.  ^ Golf Digest
Golf Digest
magazine, March 1969 ^ "Course Management". NBC Sports. Retrieved December 23, 2008.  ^ "Putting". NBC Sports. Retrieved December 23, 2008.  ^ "The Royal Bank of Scotland
Royal Bank of Scotland
Group to Issue Special
Special
Commemorative £5 Note in Honour of Jack Nicklaus" (Press release). Edinburgh: Royal Bank of Scotland Group. July 12, 2006. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2009.  ^ "Our Banknotes: Learn more here about the banknotes we've issued since 1987". Edinburgh: Royal Bank of Scotland
Royal Bank of Scotland
Group. September 17, 2009. Archived from the original on January 27, 2010. Retrieved September 21, 2009.  ^ "High Fives for Golden Bear". Rampant Scotland. December 24, 2005. Retrieved October 20, 2008.  ^ "Ali crowned Sportsman of Century". BBC
BBC
Sport. December 13, 1999. Retrieved March 30, 2017.  ^ "Nicklaus Museum". NicklausMuseum.com. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "Strike up the band: Nicklaus dots 'i' at Ohio State". ESPN. Associated Press. October 28, 2006.  ^ "Phi Gamma Delta". Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved November 11, 2007.  ^ "H.R. 2203 - Summary". United States
United States
Congress. Retrieved May 20, 2014.  ^ Marcos, Cristina (May 19, 2014). "House votes to award medals to 'Monuments Men,' Jack Nicklaus". The Hill. Retrieved May 20, 2014.  ^ a b Shesgreen, Deirdre (June 15, 2014). "A congressman thinks 'no' is the answer". Cincinnati.com. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jack Nicklaus.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jack Nicklaus

Nicklaus.com Official site Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
at the PGA Tour
PGA Tour
official site

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
in the major championships

v t e

Masters Tournament
Masters Tournament
champions

1934 Horton Smith 1935 Gene Sarazen† 1936 Horton Smith 1937 Byron Nelson 1938 Henry Picard 1939 Ralph Guldahl 1940 Jimmy Demaret 1941‡ Craig Wood 1942 Byron Nelson† 1943–45 cancelled due to World War II 1946 Herman Keiser 1947 Jimmy Demaret 1948 Claude Harmon 1949 Sam Snead 1950 Jimmy Demaret 1951 Ben Hogan 1952 Sam Snead 1953 Ben Hogan 1954 Sam Snead† 1955 Cary Middlecoff 1956 Jack Burke Jr. 1957 Doug Ford 1958 Arnold Palmer 1959 Art Wall Jr. 1960‡ Arnold Palmer 1961 Gary Player 1962 Arnold Palmer† 1963 Jack Nicklaus 1964 Arnold Palmer 1965 Jack Nicklaus 1966 Jack Nicklaus† 1967 Gay Brewer 1968 Bob Goalby 1969 George Archer 1970 Billy Casper† 1971 Charles Coody 1972‡ Jack Nicklaus 1973 Tommy Aaron 1974 Gary Player 1975 Jack Nicklaus 1976‡ Raymond Floyd 1977 Tom Watson 1978 Gary Player 1979 Fuzzy Zoeller† 1980 Seve Ballesteros 1981 Tom Watson 1982 Craig Stadler† 1983 Seve Ballesteros 1984 Ben Crenshaw 1985 Bernhard Langer 1986 Jack Nicklaus 1987 Larry Mize† 1988 Sandy Lyle 1989 Nick Faldo† 1990 Nick Faldo† 1991 Ian Woosnam 1992 Fred Couples 1993 Bernhard Langer 1994 José María Olazábal 1995 Ben Crenshaw 1996 Nick Faldo 1997 Tiger Woods 1998 Mark O'Meara 1999 José María Olazábal 2000 Vijay Singh 2001 Tiger Woods 2002 Tiger Woods 2003 Mike Weir† 2004 Phil Mickelson 2005 Tiger Woods† 2006 Phil Mickelson 2007 Zach Johnson 2008 Trevor Immelman 2009 Ángel Cabrera† 2010 Phil Mickelson 2011 Charl Schwartzel 2012 Bubba Watson† 2013 Adam Scott† 2014 Bubba Watson 2015‡ Jordan Spieth 2016 Danny Willett 2017 Sergio García†

† indicates the event was won in a playoff; ‡ indicates the event was won wire-to-wire

v t e

U.S. Open champions

1895 Horace Rawlins 1896 James Foulis 1897 Joe Lloyd 1898 Fred Herd 1899 Willie Smith 1900 Harry Vardon 1901 Willie Anderson† 1902 Laurie Auchterlonie 1903 Willie Anderson† 1904 Willie Anderson 1905 Willie Anderson 1906 Alex Smith 1907 Alec Ross 1908 Fred McLeod† 1909 George Sargent 1910 Alex Smith† 1911 John McDermott† 1912 John McDermott 1913 Francis Ouimet#† 1914‡ Walter Hagen 1915 Jerome Travers# 1916 Chick Evans# 1917–18 Cancelled due to World War I 1919 Walter Hagen† 1920 Ted Ray 1921‡ Jim Barnes 1922 Gene Sarazen 1923 Bobby Jones#† 1924 Cyril Walker 1925 Willie Macfarlane† 1926 Bobby Jones# 1927 Tommy Armour† 1928 Johnny Farrell† 1929 Bobby Jones#† 1930 Bobby Jones# 1931 Billy Burke† 1932 Gene Sarazen 1933 Johnny Goodman# 1934 Olin Dutra 1935 Sam Parks, Jr. 1936 Tony Manero 1937 Ralph Guldahl 1938 Ralph Guldahl 1939 Byron Nelson† 1940 Lawson Little† 1941 Craig Wood 1942–45 Cancelled due to World War II 1946 Lloyd Mangrum† 1947 Lew Worsham† 1948 Ben Hogan 1949 Cary Middlecoff 1950 Ben Hogan† 1951 Ben Hogan 1952 Julius Boros 1953‡ Ben Hogan 1954 Ed Furgol 1955 Jack Fleck† 1956 Cary Middlecoff 1957 Dick Mayer† 1958 Tommy Bolt 1959 Billy Casper 1960 Arnold Palmer 1961 Gene Littler 1962 Jack Nicklaus† 1963 Julius Boros† 1964 Ken Venturi 1965 Gary Player† 1966 Billy Casper† 1967 Jack Nicklaus 1968 Lee Trevino 1969 Orville Moody 1970‡ Tony Jacklin 1971 Lee Trevino† 1972 Jack Nicklaus 1973 Johnny Miller 1974 Hale Irwin 1975 Lou Graham† 1976 Jerry Pate 1977 Hubert Green 1978 Andy North 1979 Hale Irwin 1980 Jack Nicklaus 1981 David Graham 1982 Tom Watson 1983 Larry Nelson 1984 Fuzzy Zoeller† 1985 Andy North 1986 Raymond Floyd 1987 Scott Simpson 1988 Curtis Strange† 1989 Curtis Strange 1990 Hale Irwin† 1991 Payne Stewart† 1992 Tom Kite 1993 Lee Janzen 1994 Ernie Els† 1995 Corey Pavin 1996 Steve Jones 1997 Ernie Els 1998 Lee Janzen 1999 Payne Stewart 2000‡ Tiger Woods 2001 Retief Goosen† 2002‡ Tiger Woods 2003 Jim Furyk 2004 Retief Goosen 2005 Michael Campbell 2006 Geoff Ogilvy 2007 Ángel Cabrera 2008 Tiger Woods† 2009 Lucas Glover 2010 Graeme McDowell 2011‡ Rory McIlroy 2012 Webb Simpson 2013 Justin Rose 2014‡ Martin Kaymer 2015 Jordan Spieth 2016 Dustin Johnson 2017 Brooks Koepka

† indicates the event was won in a playoff; ‡ indicates the event was won wire-to-wire; # indicates the event was won by an amateur

v t e

The Open Championship
The Open Championship
champions

1860 Willie Park Sr. 1861 Tom Morris Sr. 1862 Tom Morris Sr. 1863 Willie Park Sr. 1864 Tom Morris Sr. 1865 Andrew Strath 1866 Willie Park Sr. 1867 Tom Morris Sr. 1868 Tom Morris Jr. 1869 Tom Morris Jr. 1870 Tom Morris Jr. 1871 No championship 1872 Tom Morris Jr. 1873 Tom Kidd 1874 Mungo Park 1875 Willie Park Sr. 1876 Bob Martin† 1877 Jamie Anderson 1878 Jamie Anderson 1879 Jamie Anderson 1880 Bob Ferguson 1881 Bob Ferguson 1882 Bob Ferguson 1883 Willie Fernie† 1884 Jack Simpson 1885 Bob Martin 1886 David Brown 1887 Willie Park Jr. 1888 Jack Burns 1889 Willie Park Jr.† 1890 John Ball# 1891 Hugh Kirkaldy 1892 Harold Hilton# 1893 William Auchterlonie 1894 John Henry Taylor 1895 John Henry Taylor 1896 Harry Vardon† 1897 Harold Hilton# 1898 Harry Vardon 1899 Harry Vardon 1900 John Henry Taylor 1901 James Braid 1902 Sandy Herd 1903 Harry Vardon 1904 Jack White 1905 James Braid 1906 James Braid 1907 Arnaud Massy 1908 James Braid 1909 John Henry Taylor 1910 James Braid 1911 Harry Vardon† 1912‡ Edward Ray 1913 John Henry Taylor 1914 Harry Vardon 1915–19 No Championships due to World War I 1920 George Duncan 1921 Jock Hutchison† 1922 Walter Hagen 1923 Arthur Havers 1924 Walter Hagen 1925 Jim Barnes 1926 Bobby Jones# 1927‡ Bobby Jones# 1928 Walter Hagen 1929 Walter Hagen 1930 Bobby Jones# 1931 Tommy Armour 1932‡ Gene Sarazen 1933 Denny Shute† 1934‡ Henry Cotton 1935 Alf Perry 1936 Alf Padgham 1937 Henry Cotton 1938 Reg Whitcombe 1939 Dick Burton 1940–45 No Championships due to World War II 1946 Sam Snead 1947 Fred Daly 1948 Henry Cotton 1949 Bobby Locke† 1950 Bobby Locke 1951 Max Faulkner 1952 Bobby Locke 1953 Ben Hogan 1954 Peter Thomson 1955 Peter Thomson 1956 Peter Thomson 1957 Bobby Locke 1958 Peter Thomson† 1959 Gary Player 1960 Kel Nagle 1961 Arnold Palmer 1962 Arnold Palmer 1963 Bob Charles† 1964 Tony Lema 1965 Peter Thomson 1966 Jack Nicklaus 1967 Roberto De Vicenzo 1968 Gary Player 1969 Tony Jacklin 1970 Jack Nicklaus† 1971 Lee Trevino 1972 Lee Trevino 1973‡ Tom Weiskopf 1974 Gary Player 1975 Tom Watson† 1976 Johnny Miller 1977 Tom Watson 1978 Jack Nicklaus 1979 Seve Ballesteros 1980 Tom Watson 1981 Bill Rogers 1982 Tom Watson 1983 Tom Watson 1984 Seve Ballesteros 1985 Sandy Lyle 1986 Greg Norman 1987 Nick Faldo 1988 Seve Ballesteros 1989 Mark Calcavecchia† 1990 Nick Faldo 1991 Ian Baker-Finch 1992 Nick Faldo 1993 Greg Norman 1994 Nick Price 1995 John Daly† 1996 Tom Lehman 1997 Justin Leonard 1998 Mark O'Meara† 1999 Paul Lawrie† 2000 Tiger Woods 2001 David Duval 2002 Ernie Els† 2003 Ben Curtis 2004 Todd Hamilton† 2005‡ Tiger Woods 2006 Tiger Woods 2007 Pádraig Harrington† 2008 Pádraig Harrington 2009 Stewart Cink† 2010 Louis Oosthuizen 2011 Darren Clarke 2012 Ernie Els 2013 Phil Mickelson 2014‡ Rory McIlroy 2015 Zach Johnson† 2016 Henrik Stenson 2017 Jordan Spieth

† indicates the event was won in a playoff; ‡ indicates the event was won wire-to-wire in 72-holes; # indicates the event was won by an amateur

v t e

PGA Championship
PGA Championship
champions

Match play era

1916 Jim Barnes 1917–18 Cancelled due to World War I 1919 Jim Barnes 1920 Jock Hutchison 1921 Walter Hagen 1922 Gene Sarazen 1923 Gene Sarazen 1924 Walter Hagen 1925 Walter Hagen 1926 Walter Hagen 1927 Walter Hagen 1928 Leo Diegel 1929 Leo Diegel 1930 Tommy Armour 1931 Tom Creavy 1932 Olin Dutra 1933 Gene Sarazen 1934 Paul Runyan 1935 Johnny Revolta 1936 Denny Shute 1937 Denny Shute 1938 Paul Runyan 1939 Henry Picard 1940 Byron Nelson 1941 Vic Ghezzi 1942 Sam Snead 1943 Cancelled due to World War II 1944 Bob Hamilton 1945 Byron Nelson 1946 Ben Hogan 1947 Jim Ferrier 1948 Ben Hogan 1949 Sam Snead 1950 Chandler Harper 1951 Sam Snead 1952 Jim Turnesa 1953 Walter Burkemo 1954 Chick Harbert 1955 Doug Ford 1956 Jack Burke Jr. 1957 Lionel Hebert

Stroke play era

1958 Dow Finsterwald 1959 Bob Rosburg 1960 Jay Hebert 1961 Jerry Barber† 1962 Gary Player 1963 Jack Nicklaus 1964‡ Bobby Nichols 1965 Dave Marr 1966 Al Geiberger 1967 Don January† 1968 Julius Boros 1969‡ Raymond Floyd 1970 Dave Stockton 1971 Jack Nicklaus 1972 Gary Player 1973 Jack Nicklaus 1974 Lee Trevino 1975 Jack Nicklaus 1976 Dave Stockton 1977 Lanny Wadkins† 1978 John Mahaffey† 1979 David Graham† 1980 Jack Nicklaus 1981 Larry Nelson 1982‡ Raymond Floyd 1983‡ Hal Sutton 1984 Lee Trevino 1985 Hubert Green 1986 Bob Tway 1987 Larry Nelson† 1988 Jeff Sluman 1989 Payne Stewart 1990 Wayne Grady 1991 John Daly 1992 Nick Price 1993 Paul Azinger† 1994 Nick Price 1995 Steve Elkington† 1996 Mark Brooks† 1997 Davis Love III 1998 Vijay Singh 1999 Tiger Woods 2000‡ Tiger Woods† 2001 David Toms 2002 Rich Beem 2003 Shaun Micheel 2004 Vijay Singh† 2005 Phil Mickelson 2006 Tiger Woods 2007 Tiger Woods 2008 Pádraig Harrington 2009 Y. E. Yang 2010 Martin Kaymer† 2011 Keegan Bradley† 2012 Rory McIlroy 2013 Jason Dufner 2014 Rory McIlroy 2015 Jason Day 2016 Jimmy Walker 2017 Justin Thomas

† indicates the event was won in a playoff; ‡ indicates the event was won wire-to-wire

v t e

Men's Career Grand Slam Champion Golfers

1930 Bobby Jones (1) 1935 Gene Sarazen
Gene Sarazen
(1) 1953 Ben Hogan
Ben Hogan
(1) 1965 Gary Player
Gary Player
(1) 1966 Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(1) 1971 Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(2) 1978 Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(3) 2000 Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
(1) 2005 Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
(2) 2008 Tiger Woods
Tiger Woods
(3)

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
in the senior major championships

v t e

Senior PGA Championship
PGA Championship
champions

1980 Arnold Palmer† 1981 Miller Barber 1982 Don January 1983 Not held 1984 (Jan) Arnold Palmer 1984 (Dec) Peter Thomson 1985 Not held 1986 Gary Player 1987 Chi-Chi Rodríguez 1988 Gary Player 1989 Larry Mowry 1990 Gary Player 1991 Jack Nicklaus 1992 Lee Trevino 1993 Tom Wargo† 1994 Lee Trevino 1995 Raymond Floyd 1996 Hale Irwin 1997 Hale Irwin 1998 Hale Irwin 1999 Allen Doyle 2000 Doug Tewell 2001 Tom Watson 2002 Fuzzy Zoeller 2003 John Jacobs 2004 Hale Irwin 2005 Mike Reid† 2006 Jay Haas† 2007 Denis Watson 2008 Jay Haas 2009 Michael Allen 2010 Tom Lehman† 2011 Tom Watson† 2012 Roger Chapman 2013 Kōki Idoki 2014 Colin Montgomerie 2015 Colin Montgomerie 2016 Rocco Mediate 2017 Bernhard Langer

† indicates the event was won in a playoff

v t e

U.S. Senior Open
U.S. Senior Open
champions

1980 Roberto De Vicenzo 1981 Arnold Palmer† 1982 Miller Barber 1983 Billy Casper† 1984 Miller Barber 1985 Miller Barber 1986 Dale Douglass 1987 Gary Player 1988 Gary Player† 1989 Orville Moody 1990 Lee Trevino 1991 Jack Nicklaus† 1992 Larry Laoretti 1993 Jack Nicklaus 1994 Simon Hobday 1995 Tom Weiskopf 1996 Dave Stockton 1997 Graham Marsh 1998 Hale Irwin 1999 Dave Eichelberger 2000 Hale Irwin 2001 Bruce Fleisher 2002 Don Pooley† 2003 Bruce Lietzke 2004 Peter Jacobsen 2005 Allen Doyle 2006 Allen Doyle 2007 Brad Bryant 2008 Eduardo Romero 2009 Fred Funk 2010 Bernhard Langer 2011 Olin Browne 2012 Roger Chapman 2013 Kenny Perry 2014 Colin Montgomerie† 2015 Jeff Maggert 2016 Gene Sauers 2017 Kenny Perry

† indicates the event was won in a playoff

v t e

The Tradition
The Tradition
champions

1989 Don Bies 1990 Jack Nicklaus 1991 Jack Nicklaus 1992 Lee Trevino 1993 Tom Shaw 1994 Raymond Floyd† 1995 Jack Nicklaus† 1996 Jack Nicklaus 1997 Gil Morgan 1998 Gil Morgan 1999 Graham Marsh 2000 Tom Kite† 2001 Doug Tewell 2002 Jim Thorpe† 2003 Tom Watson 2004 Craig Stadler 2005 Loren Roberts† 2006 Eduardo Romero† 2007 Mark McNulty 2008 Fred Funk 2009 Mike Reid† 2010 Fred Funk 2011 Tom Lehman† 2012 Tom Lehman 2013 David Frost 2014 Kenny Perry 2015 Jeff Maggert† 2016 Bernhard Langer 2017 Bernhard Langer

† indicates the event was won in a playoff

v t e

Senior Players Championship
Senior Players Championship
champions

1983 Miller Barber 1984 Arnold Palmer 1985 Arnold Palmer 1986 Chi-Chi Rodríguez 1987 Gary Player 1988 Billy Casper 1989 Orville Moody 1990 Jack Nicklaus 1991 Jim Albus 1992 Dave Stockton 1993 Jim Colbert 1994 Dave Stockton 1995 J. C. Snead† 1996 Raymond Floyd 1997 Larry Gilbert 1998 Gil Morgan 1999 Hale Irwin 2000 Raymond Floyd 2001 Allen Doyle† 2002 Stewart Ginn 2003 Craig Stadler 2004 Mark James 2005 Peter Jacobsen 2006 Bobby Wadkins 2007 Loren Roberts 2008 D. A. Weibring 2009 Jay Haas 2010 Mark O'Meara† 2011 Fred Couples† 2012 Joe Daley 2013 Kenny Perry 2014 Bernhard Langer 2015 Bernhard Langer 2016 Bernhard Langer 2017 Scott McCarron

† indicates the event was won in a playoff

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
awards and achievements

v t e

PGA and PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Players of the Year

PGA Players of the Year

1948 Ben Hogan 1949 Sam Snead 1950 Ben Hogan 1951 Ben Hogan 1952 Julius Boros 1953 Ben Hogan 1954 Ed Furgol 1955 Doug Ford 1956 Jack Burke Jr. 1957 Dick Mayer 1958 Dow Finsterwald 1959 Art Wall Jr. 1960 Arnold Palmer 1961 Jerry Barber 1962 Arnold Palmer 1963 Julius Boros 1964 Ken Venturi 1965 Dave Marr 1966 Billy Casper 1967 Jack Nicklaus 1968 No award 1969 Orville Moody 1970 Billy Casper 1971 Lee Trevino 1972 Jack Nicklaus 1973 Jack Nicklaus 1974 Johnny Miller 1975 Jack Nicklaus 1976 Jack Nicklaus 1977 Tom Watson 1978 Tom Watson 1979 Tom Watson 1980 Tom Watson 1981 Bill Rogers 1982 Tom Watson 1983 Hal Sutton 1984 Tom Watson 1985 Lanny Wadkins 1986 Bob Tway 1987 Paul Azinger 1988 Curtis Strange 1989 Tom Kite 1990 Nick Faldo 1991 Corey Pavin 1992 Fred Couples 1993 Nick Price 1994 Nick Price 1995 Greg Norman 1996 Tom Lehman 1997 Tiger Woods 1998 Mark O'Meara 1999 Tiger Woods 2000 Tiger Woods 2001 Tiger Woods 2002 Tiger Woods 2003 Tiger Woods 2004 Vijay Singh 2005 Tiger Woods 2006 Tiger Woods 2007 Tiger Woods 2008 Pádraig Harrington 2009 Tiger Woods 2010 Jim Furyk 2011 Luke Donald 2012 Rory McIlroy 2013 Tiger Woods 2014 Rory McIlroy 2015 Jordan Spieth 2016 Dustin Johnson 2017 Justin Thomas

PGA Tour
PGA Tour
Players of the Year

1990 Wayne Levi 1991 Fred Couples 1992 Fred Couples 1993 Nick Price 1994 Nick Price 1995 Greg Norman 1996 Tom Lehman 1997 Tiger Woods 1998 Mark O'Meara 1999 Tiger Woods 2000 Tiger Woods 2001 Tiger Woods 2002 Tiger Woods 2003 Tiger Woods 2004 Vijay Singh 2005 Tiger Woods 2006 Tiger Woods 2007 Tiger Woods 2008 Pádraig Harrington 2009 Tiger Woods 2010 Jim Furyk 2011 Luke Donald 2012 Rory McIlroy 2013 Tiger Woods 2014 Rory McIlroy 2015 Jordan Spieth 2016 Dustin Johnson 2017 Justin Thomas

v t e

Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
Sportsperson of the Year

1954: Roger Bannister 1955: Johnny Podres 1956: Bobby Morrow 1957: Stan Musial 1958: Rafer Johnson 1959: Ingemar Johansson 1960: Arnold Palmer 1961: Jerry Lucas 1962: Terry Baker 1963: Pete Rozelle 1964: Ken Venturi 1965: Sandy Koufax 1966: Jim Ryun 1967: Carl Yastrzemski 1968: Bill Russell 1969: Tom Seaver 1970: Bobby Orr 1971: Lee Trevino 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
& John Wooden 1973: Jackie Stewart 1974: Muhammad Ali 1975: Pete Rose 1976: Chris Evert 1977: Steve Cauthen 1978: Jack Nicklaus 1979: Terry Bradshaw
Terry Bradshaw
& Willie Stargell 1980: U.S. Olympic Hockey Team 1981: Sugar Ray Leonard 1982: Wayne Gretzky 1983: Mary Decker 1984: Edwin Moses
Edwin Moses
& Mary Lou Retton 1985: Kareem Abdul-Jabbar 1986: Joe Paterno 1987: Bob Bourne, Judi Brown King, Kipchoge Keino, Dale Murphy, Chip Rives, Patty Sheehan, Rory Sparrow, & Reggie Williams 1988: Orel Hershiser 1989: Greg LeMond 1990: Joe Montana 1991: Michael Jordan 1992: Arthur Ashe 1993: Don Shula 1994: Bonnie Blair
Bonnie Blair
& Johann Olav Koss 1995: Cal Ripken Jr. 1996: Tiger Woods 1997: Dean Smith 1998: Mark McGwire
Mark McGwire
& Sammy Sosa 1999: U.S. Women's Soccer Team 2000: Tiger Woods 2001: Curt Schilling
Curt Schilling
& Randy Johnson 2002: Lance Armstrong 2003: David Robinson & Tim Duncan 2004: Boston Red Sox 2005: Tom Brady 2006: Dwyane Wade 2007: Brett Favre 2008: Michael Phelps 2009: Derek Jeter 2010: Drew Brees 2011: Mike Krzyzewski
Mike Krzyzewski
& Pat Summitt 2012: LeBron James 2013: Peyton Manning 2014: Madison Bumgarner 2015: Serena Williams 2016: LeBron James 2017: José Altuve
José Altuve
& J. J. Watt

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
in the Ryder Cup

v t e

American Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
captains

1927 Walter Hagen 1929 Walter Hagen 1931 Walter Hagen 1933 Walter Hagen 1935 Walter Hagen 1937 Walter Hagen 1947 Ben Hogan 1949 Ben Hogan 1951 Sam Snead 1953 Lloyd Mangrum 1955 Chick Harbert 1957 Jack Burke Jr. 1959 Sam Snead 1961 Jerry Barber 1963 Arnold Palmer 1965 Byron Nelson 1967 Ben Hogan 1969 Sam Snead 1971 Jay Hebert 1973 Jack Burke Jr. 1975 Arnold Palmer 1977 Dow Finsterwald 1979 Billy Casper 1981 Dave Marr 1983 Jack Nicklaus 1985 Lee Trevino 1987 Jack Nicklaus 1989 Raymond Floyd 1991 Dave Stockton 1993 Tom Watson 1995 Lanny Wadkins 1997 Tom Kite 1999 Ben Crenshaw 2002 Curtis Strange 2004 Hal Sutton 2006 Tom Lehman 2008 Paul Azinger 2010 Corey Pavin 2012 Davis Love III 2014 Tom Watson 2016 Davis Love III

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1969

Tommy Aaron Miller Barber Frank Beard Billy Casper Dale Douglass Raymond Floyd Dave Hill Gene Littler Jack Nicklaus Dan Sikes Ken Still Lee Trevino

Sam Snead
Sam Snead
(non-playing captain)

Tied: 16 – 16

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1971

Miller Barber Frank Beard Billy Casper Charles Coody Gardner Dickinson Gene Littler Jack Nicklaus Arnold Palmer Mason Rudolph J. C. Snead Dave Stockton Lee Trevino

Jay Hebert (non-playing captain)

Won: 18.5 – 13.5

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1973

Tommy Aaron Homero Blancas Gay Brewer Billy Casper Dave Hill Lou Graham Jack Nicklaus Arnold Palmer Chi-Chi Rodríguez J. C. Snead Lee Trevino Tom Weiskopf

Jack Burke Jr. (non-playing captain)

Won: 19 – 13

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1975

Billy Casper Raymond Floyd Al Geiberger Lou Graham Hale Irwin Gene Littler Johnny Miller Bob Murphy Jack Nicklaus J. C. Snead Lee Trevino Tom Weiskopf

Arnold Palmer
Arnold Palmer
(non-playing captain)

Won: 21 – 11

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1977

Raymond Floyd Lou Graham Hubert Green Dave Hill Hale Irwin Don January Jerry McGee Jack Nicklaus Ed Sneed Dave Stockton Lanny Wadkins Tom Watson

Dow Finsterwald (non-playing captain)

Won: 12.5 – 7.5

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1981

Ben Crenshaw Raymond Floyd Hale Irwin Tom Kite Bruce Lietzke Johnny Miller Larry Nelson Jack Nicklaus Jerry Pate Bill Rogers Lee Trevino Tom Watson

Dave Marr (non-playing captain)

Won: 18.5 – 9.5

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1983

Ben Crenshaw Raymond Floyd Bob Gilder Jay Haas Tom Kite Gil Morgan Calvin Peete Craig Stadler Curtis Strange Lanny Wadkins Tom Watson Fuzzy Zoeller

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(non-playing captain)

Won: 14.5 – 13.5

v t e

United States
United States
Ryder Cup
Ryder Cup
team – 1987

Andy Bean Mark Calcavecchia Ben Crenshaw Tom Kite Larry Mize Larry Nelson Dan Pohl Scott Simpson Payne Stewart Curtis Strange Hal Sutton Lanny Wadkins

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(non-playing captain)

Lost: 13 – 15

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
in the Presidents Cup

v t e

United States
United States
Presidents Cup
Presidents Cup
team – 1998

Mark Calcavecchia Fred Couples David Duval Jim Furyk Scott Hoch John Huston Lee Janzen Justin Leonard Davis Love III Phil Mickelson Mark O'Meara Tiger Woods

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(non-playing captain)

Lost: 11.5 – 20.5

v t e

United States
United States
Presidents Cup
Presidents Cup
team – 2003

Chris DiMarco Fred Funk Jim Furyk Jay Haas Charles Howell III Jerry Kelly Justin Leonard Davis Love III Phil Mickelson Kenny Perry David Toms Tiger Woods

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(non-playing captain)

Tied: 17 – 17

v t e

United States
United States
Presidents Cup
Presidents Cup
team – 2005

Stewart Cink Fred Couples Chris DiMarco Fred Funk Jim Furyk Justin Leonard Davis Love III Phil Mickelson Kenny Perry David Toms Scott Verplank Tiger Woods

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(non-playing captain)

Won: 18.5 – 15.5

v t e

United States
United States
Presidents Cup
Presidents Cup
team – 2007

Woody Austin Stewart Cink Jim Furyk Lucas Glover Charles Howell III Zach Johnson Hunter Mahan Phil Mickelson Steve Stricker David Toms Scott Verplank Tiger Woods

Jack Nicklaus
Jack Nicklaus
(non-playing captain)

Won: 19.5 – 14.5

v t e

Players Championship champions

1974 Jack Nicklaus 1975 Al Geiberger 1976 Jack Nicklaus 1977 Mark Hayes 1978 Jack Nicklaus 1979 Lanny Wadkins 1980 Lee Trevino 1981 Raymond Floyd† 1982 Jerry Pate 1983 Hal Sutton 1984 Fred Couples 1985 Calvin Peete 1986 John Mahaffey 1987 Sandy Lyle† 1988 Mark McCumber 1989 Tom Kite 1990 Jodie Mudd 1991 Steve Elkington 1992 Davis Love III 1993 Nick Price 1994 Greg Norman 1995 Lee Janzen 1996 Fred Couples 1997 Steve Elkington 1998 Justin Leonard 1999 David Duval 2000 Hal Sutton 2001 Tiger Woods 2002 Craig Perks 2003 Davis Love III 2004 Adam Scott 2005 Fred Funk 2006 Stephen Ames 2007 Phil Mickelson 2008 Sergio García† 2009 Henrik Stenson 2010 Tim Clark 2011 K. J. Choi† 2012 Matt Kuchar 2013 Tiger Woods 2014 Martin Kaymer 2015 Rickie Fowler† 2016 Jason Day 2017 Kim Si-woo

† indicates the event was won in a playoff

v t e

U.S. Amateur champions

1895 Charles B. Macdonald 1896 H. J. Whigham 1897 H. J. Whigham 1898 Findlay S. Douglas 1899 Herbert M. Harriman 1900 Walter Travis 1901 Walter Travis 1902 Louis N. James 1903 Walter Travis 1904 Chandler Egan 1905 Chandler Egan 1906 Eben Byers 1907 Jerome Travers 1908 Jerome Travers 1909 Robert A. Gardner 1910 William C. Fownes Jr. 1911 Harold Hilton† 1912 Jerome Travers 1913 Jerome Travers 1914 Francis Ouimet 1915 Robert A. Gardner 1916 Chick Evans 1917–18 Cancelled due to World War I 1919 S. Davidson Herron 1920 Chick Evans 1921 Jesse P. Guilford 1922 Jess Sweetser 1923 Max R. Marston† 1924 Bobby Jones 1925 Bobby Jones 1926 George Von Elm 1927 Bobby Jones 1928 Bobby Jones 1929 Harrison R. Johnston 1930 Bobby Jones 1931 Francis Ouimet 1932 Ross Somerville 1933 George Dunlap 1934 Lawson Little 1935 Lawson Little 1936 John Fischer† 1937 Johnny Goodman 1938 Willie Turnesa 1939 Bud Ward 1940 Dick Chapman 1941 Bud Ward 1942–45 Cancelled due to World War II 1946 Ted Bishop† 1947 Skee Riegel 1948 Willie Turnesa 1949 Charles Coe 1950 Sam Urzetta† 1951 Billy Maxwell 1952 Jack Westland 1953 Gene Littler 1954 Arnold Palmer 1955 Harvie Ward 1956 Harvie Ward 1957 Hillman Robbins 1958 Charles Coe 1959 Jack Nicklaus 1960 Deane Beman 1961 Jack Nicklaus 1962 Labron Harris Jr. 1963 Deane Beman 1964 William C. Campbell 1965 Bob Murphy 1966 Gary Cowan† 1967 Bob Dickson 1968 Bruce Fleisher 1969 Steve Melnyk 1970 Lanny Wadkins 1971 Gary Cowan 1972 Vinny Giles 1973 Craig Stadler 1974 Jerry Pate 1975 Fred Ridley 1976 Bill Sander 1977 John Fought 1978 John Cook 1979 Mark O'Meara 1980 Hal Sutton 1981 Nathaniel Crosby 1982 Jay Sigel 1983 Jay Sigel 1984 Scott Verplank 1985 Sam Randolph 1986 Buddy Alexander 1987 Billy Mayfair 1988 Eric Meeks 1989 Chris Patton 1990 Phil Mickelson 1991 Mitch Voges 1992 Justin Leonard 1993 John Harris 1994 Tiger Woods 1995 Tiger Woods 1996 Tiger Woods† 1997 Matt Kuchar 1998 Hank Kuehne 1999 David Gossett 2000 Jeff Quinney† 2001 Bubba Dickerson 2002 Ricky Barnes 2003 Nick Flanagan† 2004 Ryan Moore 2005 Edoardo Molinari 2006 Richie Ramsay 2007 Colt Knost 2008 Danny Lee 2009 An Byeong-hun 2010 Peter Uihlein 2011 Kelly Kraft 2012 Steven Fox† 2013 Matthew Fitzpatrick 2014 Gunn Yang 2015 Bryson DeChambeau 2016 Curtis Luck 2017 Doc Redman

† indicates the event was won in extra holes.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 96502371 LCCN: n50004345 ISNI: 0000 0000 8168 5478 GND: 12494115X SUDOC: 029925924 BNF: cb12012326n (data) ULAN: 500109604 NDL: 00451297 BNE: XX1048

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