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Iranian studies
Iranian studies
(Persian: ايران‌شناسی‎ Īrānšenāsī), also referred to as Iranology and Iranistics, is an interdisciplinary field dealing with the study of the history, literature, art and culture of Iranian peoples. It is a part of the wider field of Oriental studies. Iranian studies
Iranian studies
is broader than and distinct from Persian studies, which is the study of the modern Persian language
Persian language
(known as Farsi or Parsi to Iranians) and literature specifically. The discipline of Iranian Studies focuses on broad trends in culture, history, language and other aspects of not only Persians, but also a variety of other contemporary and historical Iranian peoples, such as Azeris, Kurds, Lurs, Gilakis, Talysh, Tajiks, Pashtuns, Ossetians, Baluchis, Scythians, Sarmatians, Alans, Parthians, Sogdians, Bactrians, Mazandaranis, etc.

Contents

1 Iranian Studies in pre-modern Iran 2 Iranian Studies in modern Iran 3 Iranian Studies in Europe 4 Iranian Studies in North America 5 Book Series 6 Journals 7 Yarshater lectureship 8 List of Iranologists

8.1 Iranian Scholars 8.2 International Scholars

9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Iranian Studies in pre-modern Iran[edit] The medieval Iranian poet Ferdowsi, author of the Iranian national epic the Shahnameh, can be considered the "founder" of Iranian studies in the sense that in his work he made a deliberate effort to highlight Persian culture prior to the Arab conquests. In this sense Ferdowsi's nationalistic approach can be contrasted with that of Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, the famous ninth-century Iranian historian whose History of the Prophets and Kings reflects a more specifically Islamic perspective. Ferdowsi's work follows earlier semi-historical works such as the lost Sasanian-era Khwaday-Namag. Persian historiography strictly speaking begins with the Tarikh-i Mas'udi of Abulfazl Bayhaqi
Abulfazl Bayhaqi
(995-1077), whose fluent prose style was highly influential on subsequent Persian literature. Persian historical writing reached its peak two centuries later with the Jami al-Tawarikh of Rashīd al-Dīn Fadhl-allāh Hamadānī
Rashīd al-Dīn Fadhl-allāh Hamadānī
(1247–1318). Other important historical works include the Tarikh-i Jahangushay by Ata-Malik Juvayni and the Zafarnamah of Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi, a history of the Mongolian conqueror Timur
Timur
(Tamerlane; 1370–1405). Iranian Studies in modern Iran[edit] Among the most prominent scholars of Iranian Studies in Iran
Iran
during the twentieth century may be counted Badiozzaman Forouzanfar, Abdolhossein Zarrinkoub, Zabihollah Safa, Mojtaba Minovi, Mohsen Abolqasemi, Ahmad Tafazzoli, Alireza Shapour Shahbazi,and Fereydoon Joneydi. The Loghat-nameh of Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda
Ali-Akbar Dehkhoda
is the largest comprehensive Persian dictionary ever published, in 15 volumes (26, 000 pages). Iranian Studies in Europe[edit] European scholarly interest in Iranian language and civilization dates back to the late eighteenth century, with the emergence of comparative Indo-European linguistics and the translation of the Avesta by French scholar Abraham Hyacinthe Anquetil-Duperron. British interest in Persian was spurred by the fact that it was the administrative language of much of India; German scholars were attracted by the purported cultural links with Iran
Iran
as a fellow "Aryan civilization". The major European scholarly organization devoted to Iranian Studies is the Societas Iranologica Europea. The London-based Iran
Iran
Heritage Foundation supports Iranian studies
Iranian studies
at several universities and sponsors a wide range of public cultural events. Austria

Institut für Iranistik, Universität Wien

France

Institut d'études iraniennes, Sorbonne nouvelle Institut supérieur d'études historiques sur l'Iran Mondes iranien et indien, Centre national de recherche scientifique

Germany

Institut für Iranistik, Freie Universität Berlin Seminar für Iranistik, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen

Poland

Zakład Iranistyki (Department of Iranian Studies), Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland Zakład Iranistyki UW (Department of Iranian Studies) Warsaw University, Warsaw, Poland

Scandinavia

Scandinavian Society for Iranian Studies

Spain

Avestan Digital Archive, University of Salamanca

UK

British Institute for Persian Studies Arabic and Persian Studies, University of Cambridge Centre for Iranian Cultural Studies, Durham University Iran
Iran
Heritage Foundation Oriental Institute, Oxford University Institute for Iranian Studies at the University of St Andrews Centre for Iranian Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London Library for Iranian Studies (London)

Iranian Studies in North America[edit] The first major American Iranist was Columbia University
Columbia University
Professor A. V. Williams Jackson (1862-1937), a scholar of Indo-Iranian languages who is known for producing a grammar of the Avestan language. During the 1950s Richard Frye
Richard Frye
developed Iranian Studies at Harvard. An Iranian Studies program was created at UCLA
UCLA
in 1963 in the Department of Near Eastern Languages and Cultures (NELC) that was established by Wolf Leslau a few years before, in 1959. The doctoral Program at UCLA (now the largest program in North America), was the home institution of Professor emeritus Hanns-Peter Schmidt who used to read Old Iranian and Old Indic (Indo-Iranistik), and is now led by M. Rahim Shayegan who also specializes in Ancient Iran. Other Universities where Iranian Studies are offered include the University of Chicago; Princeton University; Indiana University, Bloomington; and the University of Toronto. The Society for Iranian Studies (now the International Society for Iranian Studies) was founded by a group of Iranian graduate students in 1967 and began producing a journal, Iranian Studies. The field expanded considerably during the 1970s, with a number of Americans having served in the Peace Corps
Peace Corps
in Iran
Iran
taking up academic positions. Close relations between Iran
Iran
and the US facilitated the growth of academic programs as well as the Asia Institute in Shiraz
Shiraz
and the American Institute of Iranian Studies. The 1979 revolution initially reversed this trend; American academic centers in Iran
Iran
were closed and their assets seized. Over the past three decades, lack of funding and the difficulty of research travel to Iran
Iran
have been major obstacles to scholars based in North America. Nevertheless, the field has seen some important achievements such as the monumental Encyclopedia Iranica
Encyclopedia Iranica
project led by retired Columbia University professor Ehsan Yarshater. In recent years several new centers for Iranian Studies have been established, notably at the University of California-Irvine, and the University of Maryland. Iranian Studies "initiatives" have been launched at the University of Toronto and the University of Oklahoma.

The American Institute of Iranian Studies (AIIrS) Columbia University, Center for Iranian Studies Foundation for Iranian Studies Harvard
Harvard
University, Iranian Studies ILEX Foundation International Society for Iranian Studies Iran Heritage Foundation
Iran Heritage Foundation
America Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Iranian Studies Group Ohio State University, Middle East Studies Center San Francisco State University, Persian Studies Quinnipiac University, Center for Iranian Research and Analysis Stanford University, Moghadam Program in Iranian Studies University of Arizona, Persian and Iranian Studies University of California-Irvine, Samuel Jordan Center for Persian Studies and Culture University of California-Los Angeles, Iranian Studies University of Chicago, Iranian Pre-Historic Project University of Maryland, Roshan Center for Persian Studies University of Oklahoma, Center for Middle East Studies University of Texas at Austin, Center for Middle Eastern Studies University of Toronto, Iranian Studies Initiative University of Virginia, Department of Middle Eastern and South Asian Languages and Cultures University of Washington, Persian and Iranian Studies

Book Series[edit]

Iranian Studies (LIT Verlag) The Anthropology of Persianate Societies

Journals[edit]

Abstracta Iranica Acta Iranica Analytica Iranica Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran
Iran
und Turan Ars Orientalis Farhang-i Kerman Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies Indo-Iranica Indo-Iranian Journal (Previous publisher page, current publisher) Iran: Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies [1] Iran
Iran
Analysis Quarterly (ISG Journal) Iranica Antiqua edited by Department of Near Eastern Studies of Gent University Iran
Iran
& the Caucasus Iranian Studies Iran-nameh: Armenian Journal of Oriental Studies Iranshinakht Iran
Iran
Shenasi Iranica Antiqua Iranistische Mitteilungen The Journal of the Anthropology of the Contemporary Middle East and Central Eurasia (ACME) [2] Namah-i Farhangistan Majallah-yi Zabanshinasi Manuscripta Orientalia (includes articles on Persian manuscripts etc.) Namah-i Farhangistan Persica. Jaarboek van het Genootschap Nederland-Iran Rahavard Studia Iranica Zabanshinasi

1748 French map by Le Rouge titled "L'Empire de Perse".

(Some of these authors have also written articles for the Encyclopædia Iranica) Yarshater lectureship[edit] The Yarshater lectureship is today the most prestigious honor in the field.[citation needed] List of Iranologists[edit]

This section contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. Please help to clean it up to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Where appropriate, incorporate items into the main body of the article. (November 2015)

Iranian Scholars[edit]

Majid Adibzadeh Iraj Afshar Leonardo Alishan Jaleh Amouzgar Azartash Azarnoush Mehrdad Bahar Shaul Bakhash Bahram Beyzai Touraj Daryaee Ali Akbar Dehkhoda Kaveh Farrokh Nasser Takmil Homayoun Ahmad Karimi-Hakkak Pedram Khosronejad Seifollah Kambakhshfard Jalal Matini Shahrokh Meskoob Mehdi Mohaghegh Khosrow Naghed Bagher Najafi Afsaneh Najmabadi Ebrahim Poordavood Mohammad-Amin Riahi Zabihollah Safa Alireza Shapour Shahbazi Dariush Shayegan M. Rahim Shayegan Shahram Shiva Ahmad Tafazzoli Alireza Taghdarreh Hassan Taqizadeh
Hassan Taqizadeh
(1878-1970) Parviz Varjavand Ehsan Yarshater Abdolhossein Zarrinkoob Abbas Zaryab Khoi Fereydoon Joneydi

International Scholars[edit]

Vasily Abaev (1900-2001) - Ossetian scholar of Iranian languages Ervand Abrahamian (b. 1940) - Armenian scholar of modern Iranian history Rouben Abrahamian (1881-1951) - Armenian scholar of Iranian languages Ludwig Adamec - American orientalist Abraham Anquetil-Duperron (1731-1805) – French translator of Zoroastrian texts Ali Ansari
Ali Ansari
(b. 1967) – British-Iranian scholar of modern Iranian history and politics Arthur Arberry (1905-1969) - British orientalist Forster Arbuthnot (1833-1901) - British translator of classical Persian texts Kambara Ariake
Kambara Ariake
(1876-1952) - Japanese poet and translator of Persian literature Edwin Arnold
Edwin Arnold
(1832-1904) - British poet Matthew Arnold
Matthew Arnold
(1822-1888) - British poet James Atkinson (1780-1852) - British translator of Shahnameh Peter Avery
Peter Avery
(1923-2008) British scholar of Persian history and literature Harold Bailey (1899-1996) - English scholar of Iranian languages Warwick Ball (b. 1951) - Australian archaeologist Konstantin Balmont
Konstantin Balmont
(1867-1942) - Russian translator of Persian literature Giosafat Barbaro
Giosafat Barbaro
(1413-1494) - Venetian diplomat and traveller Coleman Barks
Coleman Barks
(b. 1937) - American poet Vasily Bartold
Vasily Bartold
(1869-1930) - Russian scholar of Iranian history Safvet Bašagić (1870-1934) - Bosnian poet and translator of Persian literature William Beeman
William Beeman
- American anthropologist Gertrude Bell
Gertrude Bell
(1868-1926) - British archaeologist and traveller Israel Benjamin (1818-1864) - Jewish-Romanian traveller Émile Benveniste (1902-1976) - French scholar of Iranian languages Alexandre Bennigsen (1913-1988) - Soviet scholar of Islamic studies Laurence Binyon
Laurence Binyon
(1869-1943) - British poet and scholar of Persian art Isabella Bird
Isabella Bird
(1831-1904) - British explorer Mary Bird (1859-1914) - British missionary and traveller Adrian Bivar - British numismatist and archaeologist Wipert von Blücher (1883-1963) - German diplomat Friedrich von Bodenstedt
Friedrich von Bodenstedt
(1819-1892) - German translator of Persian literature Franz Bopp (1791-1867) - German scholar of Iranian languages Herman Bosman (1905-1951) - South African writer and translator of Persian literature Clifford Bosworth (b. 1928) - British orientalist François de La Boullaye-Le Gouz
François de La Boullaye-Le Gouz
(1623-1669) - French traveller Mary Boyce (1920-2006) - British scholar of Iranian languages John Boyle (1916-1978) - British scholar of Iranian history Yuri Bregel
Yuri Bregel
(b. 1925) - Israeli scholar of Central Asian studies Pierre Briant (b. 1940) - scholar of Achaemenid Empire Edward Browne (1862-1926) - British orientalist Heinrich Brugsch (1827-1894) - German orientalist and traveller Cornelis de Bruijn
Cornelis de Bruijn
(1652-1726) - Dutch traveller Martin van Bruinessen (b. 1946) - Dutch Iranologist Richard Bulliet (b. 1940) - American scholar of Islamic society Eugène Burnouf
Eugène Burnouf
(1801-1852) - French orientalist Richard Burton (1821-1890) - British explorer and translator of Persian literature Carlo Cereti (b. 1960) - Italian Iranologist Jean Chardin
Jean Chardin
(1643-1713) - French traveller François Charmoy (1793-1869) - French orientalist Charles Chipiez
Charles Chipiez
(1835-1901) - French Iranologist William Chittick
William Chittick
(b. 1943) - American translator of early Islamic texts Aleksander Chodźko
Aleksander Chodźko
(1804-1891) – Polish diplomat and Iranologist Arthur Christensen (1875-1945) - Danish orientalist and scholar of Iranian philology and folklore Jerry Clinton (1937-2003) – American scholar of Persian poetry Juan Cole
Juan Cole
(b. 1952) - American scholar of Islamic and Baha'i studies Georges Contenau
Georges Contenau
(1877-1964) - French orientalist and archaeologist Henry Corbin
Henry Corbin
(1903-1978) – French scholar of Islamic Studies Pascal Coste
Pascal Coste
(1787-1879) - French architect and traveller Edward Cowell (1826-1903) - British translator of Persian poetry George Curzon (1859-1925) - British statesman Muhammad Dandamayev (b. 1928) - Daghestani scholar of Iranian history Elton Daniel – American Iranologist James Darmesteter
James Darmesteter
(1849-1894) – French orientalist Devin Deweese (b. 1956) - American scholar of Central Asian studies Maneckji Dhalla (1875-1956) - Parsi scholar of Zoroastrianism Igor Diakonoff (1915-1999) - Russian scholar of Iranian languages Jane Dieulafoy
Jane Dieulafoy
(1851-1916) - French archaeologist and explorer Marcel Dieulafoy (1844-1920) - French archaeologist Johannes Dorn (1805-1881) - German orientalist Jacques Duchesne-Guillemin (1910-2012) - French scholar of Iranian languages Georges Dumézil
Georges Dumézil
(1898-1986) - French scholar of Iranian languages Louis Dupree (1925-1989) - American archaeologist Nancy Dupree
Nancy Dupree
- American scholar of Afghan history Edward Eastwick (1814-1883) - British diplomat and orientalist Cyril Elgood (1893-1970) - British physician Gevorg Emin
Gevorg Emin
(1918-1998) - Armenian poet and translator of Persian literature Ronald Emmerick (1937-2001) - Australian scholar of Iranian languages Naum Faiq
Naum Faiq
(1868-1930) - Assyrian writer and translator of Persian literature Alexei Fedchenko (1844-1873) - Russian explorer Edward FitzGerald (1809-1883) - British translator of Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam Eugène Flandin
Eugène Flandin
(1809-1889) - French painter and traveller Richard Foltz
Richard Foltz
(b. 1961) Canadian scholar of Iranian history Alexander Freiman (1879-1968) - Polish-Soviet scholar of Iranian languages Richard Frye
Richard Frye
(1920-2014) - American scholar of Iranian and Central Asian Studies Alfons Gabriel (1894-1976) - Austrian geographer and traveller Francesco Gabrieli (1904-1996) - Italian orientalist and translator of Persian literature Antoine Galland
Antoine Galland
(1646-1715) - French orientalist Heinz Gaube (b. 1940) German Orientalist, Archeologist, and Professor of the Iranian Culture and Languages Andrzej Gawroński
Andrzej Gawroński
(1885-1927) - Polish translator of Persian literature Wilhelm Geiger (1856-1943) - German scholar of Iranian languages Karl Geldner (1852-1929) - German scholar of Iranian languages Ilya Gershevitch (1914-2001) - Russian-British scholar of Iranian languages Roman Ghirshman
Roman Ghirshman
(1895-1979) – French archaeologist Jamshid Giunashvili
Jamshid Giunashvili
(b. 1931) - Georgian Iranologist, linguist, researcher, author, and diplomat Gherardo Gnoli (1937-2012) - Italian orientalist Arthur de Gobineau
Arthur de Gobineau
(1816-1882) - French diplomat and novelist André Godard (1881-1965) - French archaeologist and architect Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo
Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo
(d. 1412) - Spanish traveller Antonio de Gouvea (1575-1628) - Portuguese traveller Oleg Grabar
Oleg Grabar
(1929-2011) - French-American archaeologist and scholar of art history Alojz Gradnik
Alojz Gradnik
(1882-1967) - Slovenian poet and translator of Persian literature Robert Graves
Robert Graves
(1895-1985) - British translator of Persian literature Georg Grotefend (1775-1853) - German epigraphist and philologist Gafur Gulom (1903-1966) - Uzbek translator of Persian literature Lev Gumilev
Lev Gumilev
(1912-1992) - Russian translator of Persian literature Richard Hallock (1906-1980) - American orientalist Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila
Jaakko Hämeen-Anttila
(b. 1963) - Finnish scholar and translator of Persian literature Jonas Hanway
Jonas Hanway
(1712-1786) - English traveller and historian Charles-Joseph de Harlez de Deulin
Charles-Joseph de Harlez de Deulin
(1832-1899) - Belgian orientalist Sven Hedin
Sven Hedin
(1865-1952) - Swedish explorer Edmund Herzig (b. 1958) - British professor in Iranian studies Walther Hinz (1906-1992) - German scholar of Iranian languages Xavier de Hell (1812-1848) - French geographer and traveller Walter Henning (1908-1967) - German scholar of Iranian languages Thomas Herbert (1606-1682) - English traveller Eric Hermelin
Eric Hermelin
(1860-1944) - Swedish translator of Persian literature Johannes Hertel
Johannes Hertel
(1872-1955) - German scholar of Zoroastrianism Ernst Herzfeld
Ernst Herzfeld
(1879-1948) – German archaeologist Michael Hillmann (b. 1940) - American scholar of Persian literature Ernst Hoeltzer (1835-1911) - German photographer and engineer Rudolf Hoernlé
Rudolf Hoernlé
(1841-1918) - German-British scholar of Iranian languages Frank Holt
Frank Holt
- American archaeologist Albert Houtum-Schindler
Albert Houtum-Schindler
(1846-1916) - German engineer and orientalist Martijn Houtsma (1851-1943) - Dutch orientalist Kerson Huang (b. 1928) - Chinese-American physicist and translator of Persian literature Thomas Hyde
Thomas Hyde
(1636-1703) - English orientalist Hitoshi Igarashi (1947-1991) - Japanese scholar of Persian literature Vladimir Ivanov (1886-1970) - Russian scholar of Persian literature and Iranian languages Toshihiko Izutsu (1914-1993) - Japanese scholar of Islamic studies Abraham Jackson (1862-1937) - American Iranologist Clara Janés (b. 1940) - Spanish translator of contemporary Persian poetry Pierre Jaubert (1779-1847) - French diplomat and orientalist Anthony Jenkinson
Anthony Jenkinson
(1529-1610) - English explorer William Jones (1746-1794) - English philologist Ferdinand Justi (1837-1907) - German scholar of Iranian languages Engelbert Kaempfer
Engelbert Kaempfer
(1651-1716) - German physician and traveller Helene Kantor (1919-1993) - American archaeologist Alexander Kazembek (1802-1870) - Russian scholar of the Bábí movement Nikki Keddie
Nikki Keddie
(b. 1930) - American scholar of Iranian history Jean Kellens (b. 1944) - Belgian scholar of Iranian languages Heidemarie Koch (b. 1943) - German scholar of Iranian history Daniel Komissarov (1907-2008) - Russian scholar of Persian literature August Kościesza-Żaba (1801-1894) – Polish diplomat and scholar of Kurdish language Amélie Kuhrt (b. 1944) - British scholar of history of ancient Near East Ann Lambton
Ann Lambton
(1912-2008) - British scholar of Iranian history Arnold Landor (1865-1924) - British explorer Cornelis Langenhoven (1873-1932) - South African translator of Persian literature Louis-Mathieu Langlès
Louis-Mathieu Langlès
(1763-1924) - French orientalist Christian Lassen
Christian Lassen
(1800-1876) - Norwegian-German orientalist Gilbert Lazard
Gilbert Lazard
(b. 1920) - French Iranologist Albert von Le Coq
Albert von Le Coq
(1860-1930) - German archaeologist and explorer Richard Le Gallienne
Richard Le Gallienne
(1866-1947) - British poet Leevi Lehto
Leevi Lehto
(b. 1951) - Finnish poet and translator of Persian literature Jan Leopold (1865-1925) - Dutch poet and translator of Persian literature Roger Lescot (1914-1975) - French scholar of Kurdish literature Guy Le Strange
Guy Le Strange
(1854-1933) - British Iranologist Reuben Levy (1891-1966) - British scholar of Persian literature Franklin Lewis - American scholar of Persian literature Leonard Lewisohn (b. 1953) - American scholar of Persian literature Lawrence Lockhart (1890-1975) - British Iranologist David Lorimer (1876-1962) - British scholar of Iranian languages Pierre Loti
Pierre Loti
(1850-1923) - French novelist and traveller Heinz Luschey (1910-1992) - German archaeologist Justin McCarthy (1859-1936) - Irish politician and translator of Persian literature Robert McChesney (b. 1944) - American scholar of Iranian history Denis MacEoin (b. 1949) - British scholar of Islamic studies David MacKenzie (1926-2001) – British scholar of Iranian languages Wilferd Madelung
Wilferd Madelung
(b. 1930) - German scholar of Islamic studies John Malcolm
John Malcolm
(1769-1833) - Scottish statesman and historian Christoph Marcinkowski (b. 1964) - German scholar of Shia Islam Joseph Marquart
Joseph Marquart
(1864-1930) - German scholar of Iranian languages Nicholas Marr
Nicholas Marr
(1865-1934) - Georgian orientalist Boris Marshak (1933-2006) - Soviet archaeologist Henri Massé (1886-1969) - French Iranologist Jean de Menasce
Jean de Menasce
(1902-1973) - French scholar of Middle Eastern studies Eduard Meyer (1855-1930) - German scholar of Iranian history Lloyd Miller (b. 1938) - American scholar of Iranian music Lawrence Mills (1837-1918) - British scholar of Persian language Vladimir Minorsky (1877-1966) – Russian orientalist Eugen Mittwoch (1876-1942) - German scholar of Islamic studies Julius von Mohl
Julius von Mohl
(1800-1876) - German orientalist Jacques de Morgan
Jacques de Morgan
(1857-1924) - French archaeologist Georg Morgenstierne
Georg Morgenstierne
(1892-1978) - Norwegian scholar of Iranian languages James Morier (1780-1849) - British diplomat and novelist James Morris (b. 1949) - American scholar of Islamic studies James Moulton (1863-1917) - British scholar of Zoroastrianism Friedrich Münter
Friedrich Münter
(1761-1830) - German-Danish orientalist David Nalle (1924-2013) - American diplomat and orientalist Stepanos Nazarian
Stepanos Nazarian
(1812-1879) - Russian-Armenian orientalist Amnon Netzer
Amnon Netzer
(1934-2008) - Israeli Iranologist Reynold Nicholson (1868-1945) – English orientalist Carsten Niebuhr
Carsten Niebuhr
(1733-1815) - German-Danish explorer Basil Nikitin (1885-1960) - Russian diplomat and orientalist Theodor Nöldeke
Theodor Nöldeke
(1836-1930) - German scholar of Iranian languages Theofan Noli (1882-1965) - Albanian diplomat and translator of Persian literature Anatoly Novoseltsev (1933-1995) - Russian orientalist Henrik Nyberg (1889-1974) - Swedish Iranologist Albert Olmstead (1880-1945) - American orientalist Iosef Oranski (1923-1977) - Soviet scholar of Iranian languages Odoric of Pordenone
Odoric of Pordenone
(1286-1331) - Italian traveller William Ouseley
William Ouseley
(1767-1842) - British orientalist Xavier de Planhol (b. 1926) - French scholar of geography of Iran German Plisetsky (1931-1992) - Russian translator of Persian literature Julius Pokorny (1887-1970) - Austrian linguist Jakob Polak (1818-1891) - Austrian physician Arthur Pope (1881-1969) - American scholar of Persian art and architecture Robert Ker Porter
Robert Ker Porter
(1777-1842) - British diplomat and explorer David Price (1762-1835) - British orientalist Henry Rawlinson (1810-1895) – British orientalist Thomas Rees (1890-1977) - Welsh diplomat and translator of Persian literature Edward Rehatsek (1819-1881) - British translator of Gulistan John Richardson (1740-1795) - English philologist Charles Rieu (1820-1902) - Swiss orientalist Michael Roaf - British archaeologist Frederick Rolfe
Frederick Rolfe
(1860-1913) - British translator of Persian literature George Roos-Keppel
George Roos-Keppel
(1866-1921) - British scholar of Pashto language Edward Ross (1871-1940) - British orientalist Olivier Roy (b. 1949) - French scholar of Islamic studies Steven Runciman
Steven Runciman
(1903-2000) - British scholar of Iranian history André du Ryer
André du Ryer
(1580-1660) - French orientalist Jan Rypka
Jan Rypka
(1886-1968) - Czech Iranologist Eduard Sachau
Eduard Sachau
(1845-1930) - German orientalist Gulrukhsor Safieva (b. 1947) - Tajik Iranologist Oliver St John (1837-1891) - British civil servant and traveller Roger Savory - Canadian scholar of Iranian history Hans Schaeder (1896-1957) - German Iranologist Isidor Scheftelowitz (1875-1934) - German scholar of Iranian history Annemarie Schimmel
Annemarie Schimmel
(1922-2003) - German scholar of Sufism Klaus Schippmann (1924-2010) - German archaeologist Erich Schmidt (1897-1964) - German-American archaeologist Rüdiger Schmitt (b. 1939) - German scholar of Iranian languages Arved von Schultz (1883-1967) - German geographer Paul Schwarz (1867-1939) - German orientalist David Shea (1777-1836) - Irish translator of Persian literature Loiq Sher-Ali
Loiq Sher-Ali
(b. 1941) - Tajik Iranologist Anthony Shirley
Anthony Shirley
(1565-1635) - English traveller Evan Siegel (b. 1954) - American translator of Iranian history literature García de Silva Figueroa (1550-1624) - Spanish diplomat and traveller Nicholas Sims-Williams
Nicholas Sims-Williams
– British scholar of Iranian languages Prods Skjaervo (b. 1944) - Norwegian Iranologist Marek Smurzyński (1954-2009) - Polish translator of Persian literature Svatopluk Souček - Czech orientalist Friedrich von Spiegel (1820-1905) – German translator of Zoroastrian texts Aloys Sprenger
Aloys Sprenger
(1813-1893) - Austrian orientalist Freya Stark
Freya Stark
(1893-1993) - British explorer Aurel Stein
Aurel Stein
(1862-1943) - German-British archaeologist Alexander Stephen (1850-1908) - British translator of Persian literature Roger Stevens (1906-1980) - British diplomat and scholar of modern Iranian history Matthew Stolper
Matthew Stolper
(b. 1944) - American orientalist David Stronach - (b. 1931) Scottish archeologist Josef Štýbr (1864-1938) - Czech translator of Persian literature Percy Sykes
Percy Sykes
(1862-1945) - British diplomat and traveller Boris Tageev (1871-1938) - Russian explorer and orientalist Jean-Baptiste Tavernier
Jean-Baptiste Tavernier
(1650-1689) - French traveller Wheeler Thackston (b. 1944) - British translator of Persian literature Jean de Thévenot
Jean de Thévenot
(1633-1667) - French traveller Cyril Toumanoff (1913 – 1997) - Russian-born American historian and genealogist who mostly specialized in the history and genealogies of medieval Georgia, Armenia, Iran
Iran
and the Byzantine Empire. Kamilla Trever
Kamilla Trever
(1892-1974) - Russian scholar of Iranian history Alexander Tumansky
Alexander Tumansky
(1861-1920) - Russian scholar of Babi movement Haljand Udam (1936-2005) - Estonian translator of classical Persian literature Edna Underwood (1873-1961) - American translator of Divan of Hafez Pietro Della Valle
Pietro Della Valle
(1586-1652) - Italian traveller Ármin Vámbéry
Ármin Vámbéry
(1832-1913) - Hungarian traveller Francis Vernon (1637-1677) - English traveller Nikolay Veselovsky
Nikolay Veselovsky
(1840-1918) - Russian archaeologist Mirko Vidović
Mirko Vidović
(b. 1940) - Croatian scholar of Zoroastrianism Heleen Weerdenburg (1944-2000) - Dutch scholar of ancient Persian history Stuart Welch (1928-2008) - American scholar of Persian art Edward West (1824-1905) - British translator of Zoroastrian texts Geoffrey Wheeler (1897-1990) - British scholar of Central Asia Edward Whinfield (1836-1922) - British translator of Persian literature George Wickens (1918-2006) - Canadian Iranologist Geo Widengren (1907-1996) - Swedish scholar of Iranian languages Josef Wiesehöfer (b. 1951) - German scholar of classical history Henry Wilberforce-Clarke (1840-1905) - British translator of Persian literature Arnold Wilson
Arnold Wilson
(1884-1940) - British civil sevant and expert on Persian Gulf Jan Witkiewicz (1808-1839) - Polish diplomat and orientalist Fritz Wolff (1880-1943) - German scholar of Persian literature John Woods (b. 1938) - American scholar of Iranian history Denis Wright (1911-2005) - British diplomat and scholar of modern Iranian history Francis Xavier
Francis Xavier
(1506-1552) - Portuguese missionary and translator Robert Zaehner (1913-1974) - British scholar of Eastern religions Ivan Zarubin (1887-1964) - Soviet scholar of Iranian languages Valentin Zhukovski
Valentin Zhukovski
(1858-1918) - Russian orientalist Helen Zimmern
Helen Zimmern
(1846-1934) – German-British translator of Shahnameh

See also[edit]

Indo-European Studies Iranian Languages Iranian World Culture of Iran Persian Literature Central Asian Studies Armenian Studies Turkology Assyriology Egyptology Academy of Persian Language and Literature Encyclopædia Iranica Chicago's Persian heritage crisis International rankings of Iran

References[edit]

Pashto and Pashtuns
Pashtuns
in the light of Arianian Iranian Philology (by: Dr. M. A Zyar Encyclopædia Iranica, Columbia University. A step toward developing Iranology researches, Khosrow Naghed. [3] Chelle i.e. Bokhara, Mehdi Jami (2005)[4]

External links[edit]

Societas Iranologica Europea Scandinavian Society for Iranian Studies Swedish Contributions to the Archaeology of Iran
Iran
Artikel i Fornvännen (2007) by Carl Nylander Foundation for Iranian Studies The American Institute of Iranian Studies International Society for Iranian Studies Bonyad e farhang e Iran Iran
Iran
and Persian language
Persian language
in the western world (in Persian) From Sa'di to Simin: Iranology in the lands of germanic people (BBC Persian) 70-year-old problem of understanding Persian culture in the west (in Persian)

Library guides:

"Guide to Sources on Iran: Bibliography". British Library.  University Library. "Middle East Studies and Research: Iran". Course & Subject Guides. USA: University of Pittsburgh.  Library. "Iranian Studies". Guides. Canada: McGill University. 

Authority control

GN

.