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Inner Carniola
Carniola
(Slovene: Notranjska) is a traditional region of Slovenia, the southwestern part of the larger Carniola
Carniola
region. It comprises the Hrušica karst plateau up to Postojna
Postojna
Gate, bordering the Slovenian Littoral
Slovenian Littoral
(Goriška) in the west. Its administrative and economic center of the region is Postojna, while other minor centers include Logatec, Cerknica, Pivka
Pivka
and Ilirska Bistrica.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Part of Italy

3 Images 4 See also 5 References

Name[edit] The English name Inner Carniola, like the Slovene name Notranjska, is a translation of German Innerkrain, referring to the southwest part of Carniola. The name was created by analogy with Inner Austria
Inner Austria
(German: Innerösterreich), referring to the southwestern Habsburg hereditary lands.[1] History[edit]

Inner Carniola
Carniola
or Postojna
Postojna
District, late 18th century map

Inner Carniola
Carniola
was a kreis of the Duchy of Carniola, ruled by the archducal House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
within the Inner Austrian lands starting in the 14th century. The territorial arrangement was described by the scholar Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
(1641–1693) in his 1689 work The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola. Part of the Napoleonic Illyrian Provinces from 1809, Carniola
Carniola
returned to the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
by the 1814 Treaty of Paris. First administrated within the Austrian Kingdom of Illyria, the Carniolan duchy again became a Habsburg crown land from 1849 till 1919. Part of Italy[edit] See also: Slovene minority in Italy (1920–1947)

The annexed western quarter of Slovene ethnic territory, and approximately 327,000 out of the total population of 1.3[2] million Slovenes,[3] were subjected to forced Fascist Italianization. On the map of present-day Slovenia
Slovenia
with its traditional regions' boundaries.

After World War One, the western part of the region was occupied by Italian military. In 1920, the Treaty of Rapallo transferred the western part of the region (with around two-thirds of the population) to the Kingdom of Italy. The eastern third was included into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
(later renamed Yugoslavia). Italy was given the districts of Vipava, Postojna, Ilirska Bistrica, Senožeče, and Idrija. The region was divided among the provinces of Gorizia, Trieste, and Fiume (Rijeka). With the rise of Fascism, it was subjected to a policy of violent Italianization
Italianization
until the downfall of Fascism in Italy. Images[edit]

Predjama Castle

Postojna
Postojna
Cave

Lake Cerknica

Snežnik Castle

Church of St. Wolfgang in Zelše

Rural landscape near Planina

Village of Prem

See also[edit]

Upper Carniola Lower Carniola

References[edit]

^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 284. ^ Lipušček, U. (2012) Sacro egoismo: Slovenci v krempljih tajnega londonskega pakta 1915, Cankarjeva založba, Ljubljana. ISBN 978-961-231-871-0 ^ Cresciani, Gianfranco (2004) Clash of civilisations, Italian Historical Society Journal, Vol.12, No.2, p.4

Coordinates: 45°43′00″N 14°25′00″E / 45.71667°N 14.41667°E / 45.71667; 14.41667

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