Carniola (Slovene: Notranjska) is a traditional region of
Slovenia, the southwestern part of the larger
Carniola region. It
comprises the Hrušica karst plateau up to
Postojna Gate, bordering
Slovenian Littoral (Goriška) in the west. Its administrative and
economic center of the region is Postojna, while other minor centers
include Logatec, Cerknica,
Pivka and Ilirska Bistrica.
2.1 Part of Italy
4 See also
The English name Inner Carniola, like the Slovene name Notranjska, is
a translation of German Innerkrain, referring to the southwest part of
Carniola. The name was created by analogy with
Inner Austria (German:
Innerösterreich), referring to the southwestern Habsburg hereditary
Postojna District, late 18th century map
Carniola was a kreis of the Duchy of Carniola, ruled by the
House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg within the Inner Austrian lands starting
in the 14th century. The territorial arrangement was described by the
Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
Johann Weikhard von Valvasor (1641–1693) in his 1689 work
The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola. Part of the Napoleonic Illyrian
Provinces from 1809,
Carniola returned to the
Austrian Empire by the
1814 Treaty of Paris. First administrated within the Austrian Kingdom
of Illyria, the Carniolan duchy again became a Habsburg crown land
from 1849 till 1919.
Part of Italy
See also: Slovene minority in Italy (1920–1947)
The annexed western quarter of Slovene ethnic territory, and
approximately 327,000 out of the total population of 1.3 million
Slovenes, were subjected to forced Fascist Italianization. On the
map of present-day
Slovenia with its traditional regions' boundaries.
After World War One, the western part of the region was occupied by
Italian military. In 1920, the Treaty of Rapallo transferred the
western part of the region (with around two-thirds of the population)
to the Kingdom of Italy. The eastern third was included into the
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Yugoslavia).
Italy was given the districts of Vipava, Postojna, Ilirska Bistrica,
Senožeče, and Idrija. The region was divided among the provinces of
Gorizia, Trieste, and Fiume (Rijeka). With the rise of Fascism, it was
subjected to a policy of violent
Italianization until the downfall of
Fascism in Italy.
Church of St. Wolfgang in Zelše
Rural landscape near Planina
Village of Prem
^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen.
Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 284.
^ Lipušček, U. (2012) Sacro egoismo: Slovenci v krempljih tajnega
londonskega pakta 1915, Cankarjeva založba, Ljubljana.
^ Cresciani, Gianfranco (2004) Clash of civilisations, Italian
Historical Society Journal, Vol.12, No.2, p.4
Coordinates: 45°43′00″N 14°25′00″E / 45.71667°N
14.41667°E / 45.71667; 14.41667
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