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INNER CARNIOLA (Slovene : Notranjska) is a traditional region of Slovenia
Slovenia
, the southwestern part of the larger Carniola
Carniola
region. It comprises the Hrušica karst plateau up to Postojna Gate , bordering the Slovenian Littoral
Slovenian Littoral
( Goriška
Goriška
) in the west. Its administrative and economic center of the region is Postojna , while other minor centers include Logatec , Cerknica
Cerknica
, Pivka and Ilirska Bistrica .

CONTENTS

* 1 Name

* 2 History

* 2.1 Part of Italy

* 3 See also * 4 References * 5 Images

NAME

The English name Inner Carniola, like the Slovene name Notranjska, is a translation of German Innerkrain, referring to the southwest part of Carniola
Carniola
. The name was created by analogy with Inner Austria
Inner Austria
(German : Innerösterreich), referring to the southwestern Habsburg hereditary lands.

HISTORY

Inner Carniola
Carniola
or Postojna District, late 18th century map

Inner Carniola
Carniola
was a kreis of the Duchy of Carniola
Carniola
, ruled by the archducal House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
within the Inner Austrian lands since the 14th century. The territorial arrangement was described by the scholar Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
Johann Weikhard von Valvasor
(Janez Vajkard Valvasor, 1641–1693) in his 1689 work The Glory of the Duchy of Carniola
Carniola
. Part of the Napoleonic Illyrian Provinces
Illyrian Provinces
from 1809, Carniola
Carniola
returned to the Austrian Empire
Austrian Empire
by the 1814 Treaty of Paris . First administrated within the Austrian Kingdom of Illyria , the Carniolan duchy again became a Habsburg crown land from 1849 till 1919.

PART OF ITALY

See also: Slovene minority in Italy (1920–1947)
Slovene minority in Italy (1920–1947)
The annexed western quarter of Slovene ethnic territory , and approximately 327,000 out of the total population of 1.3 million Slovenes, were subjected to forced Fascist Italianization
Fascist Italianization
. On the map of present-day Slovenia
Slovenia
with its traditional regions' boundaries.

After World War One
World War One
, the western part of the region was occupied by Italian military. In 1920, the Treaty of Rapallo transferred the western part of the region (with around 2/3 of the population) to the Kingdom of Italy . The eastern third was included into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia
).

Italy was given the districts of Vipava , Postojna , Ilirska Bistrica , Senožeče , and Idrija
Idrija
. The region was divided among the provinces of Gorizia, Trieste and Fiume (Rijeka). With the rise of Fascism, it was subjected to a policy of violent Italianization until the downfall of Fascism in Italy.

SEE ALSO

* Upper Carniola
Upper Carniola
* Lower Carniola
Lower Carniola

REFERENCES

* ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 284. * ^ Lipušček, U. (2012) Sacro egoismo: Slovenci v krempljih tajnega londonskega pakta 1915, Cankarjeva založba, Ljubljana. ISBN 978-961-231-871-0 * ^ Cresciani, Gianfranco (2004) Clash of civilisations, Italian Historical Society Journal, Vol.12, No.2, p.4

IMAGES

*

Predjama Castle *

Postojna Cave *

Lake Cerknica
Cerknica
*

Snežnik Castle *

Church of St. Wolfgang in Zelše *

Rural landscape near Planina *

Village of Prem

Coordinates : 45°43′00″N 14°25′00″E / 45.71667°N 14.41667°E / 45.71667; 14.41667

This Slovenian geography article is a stub . You can help by expanding it .

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Carniola
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