The INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (_Bhāratīya Pulis Sevā_) or IPS, is one
of the three All
The service is not a force itself but provides leaders and commanders
to staff the state police and all-
* 1 History
* 1.1 British
* 1.2 Modern
* 1.2.1 Medals and decorations
* 2 Objective
* 3 Selection
* 3.1 Training
* 4 Pay structure (gazetted officers) IPS
* 5 Ranks and insignia
* 5.1 Ranks of the IPS
* 6 Reforms and Major concerns
* 6.1 Corruption and fake encounters * 6.2 National Police Commission (1977-81) * 6.3 Ribeiro Committee (1998-99) * 6.4 Padmanabhaiah Committee (2000) * 6.5 Malimath Committee Report (2003) * 6.6 Soli Sorabjee Committee (2005) * 6.7 Supreme Court intervention (2006) * 6.8 Follow-up from Supreme Court
* 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading * 10 External links
Jamadar, Constable and Sergeant - NCO positions opened to Indians until 1920. Indian Police Medal issued in 1940.
In 1861, the British Government introduced the INDIAN COUNCILS ACT OF
1861. The act created the foundation of a modern and professionalised
police bureaucracy in India. It introduced, a new cadre of police,
called SUPERIOR POLICE SERVICES, later known as the Indian Imperial
Police . The highest rank in the service was the Inspector General
for each province. The rank of Inspector General was equated and
In 1902-03, a Police Commission was established for the Police reforms under Sir Andrew Frazer and Lord Curzon . It recommended the appointment of Indians at officer level in the police. Indians could rise only to the ranks of Inspector of Police, the senior N.C.O. position. However they were not part of Indian Imperial Police .
Prior to Independence, senior police officers belonging to the
Imperial Police (IP) were appointed by the Secretary of State on the
basis of a competitive examination. The first open civil service
examination for admission to the service was held in England in June
1893 and the ten top candidates were appointed as probationers in the
Indian (Imperial) Police . It is not possible to pinpoint an exact
date on which the Indian Police came formally into being. Around 1907,
the Secretary of State's officers were directed to wear the letters
"IP" on their epaulettes in order to distinguish them from the other
officers not recruited by the Secretary of State through examination.
In this sense, 1907 could be regarded as the starting point. In 1948,
a year after
In 1972, Kiran Bedi joined the IPS, becoming the first woman police officer. As per media reports in 2016, there is massive shortfall of IPS officers in India, which is nearly 19% to 22% of total strength.
Medals And Decorations
Main articles: Police Medal (India) and President\'s Police Medal
The First Police Commission, appointed on 17 August 1865, contained
detailed guidelines for the desired system of police in
* To fulfil duties based on border responsibilities, in the areas of
maintenance of public peace and order, crime prevention,
investigation, and detection, collection of intelligence, VIP security
, counter-terrorism , border policing, railway policing, tackling
smuggling , drug trafficking, economic offences, corruption in public
life , disaster management , enforcement of socio-economic
legislation, bio-diversity and protection of environmental laws etc.
* Leading and commanding the Indian Intelligence Agencies like
Research and Analysis Wing (R">
Prime Minister Modi
IPS officers are recruited from Civil Services Examination . They are also promoted from State Police Services and DANIPS . However, at present, recruitment from Limited Competitive Examination has been put on hold.
After selection for the IPS, candidates are allocated to a cadre.
There is one cadre in each Indian state, with the exception of three
Eligibility conditions for Police Personals is defined by Govt
recruitment laws. Each rank has different criteria which includes age
The training of IPS officer recruits is conducted at Sardar
Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in
PAY STRUCTURE (GAZETTED OFFICERS) IPS
GRADE POSITION IN THE STATE GOVERNMENT(S) SALARY (MONTHLY) EQUIVALENT POSITION OR DESIGNATION IN THE STATE GOVERNMENT(S) OR GOVERNMENT OF INDIA (GOI)
Above Super Time Scale (Apex Scale) (After 30 years of service in
Director General of Police
Director of Intelligence Bureau or Director CBI in GOI,
Commissioner of Police of Delhi; Director General or
Above Super Time Scale (HAG) (Pay-Band-4) (After 25 years of
service in IPS Cadre)
Director General of Police
Super Time Scale (Senior Administrative Grade) (Pay-Band-4) (After 18 years of service in IPS Cadre) Inspector General of Police ₹1,75,000 Joint Commissioner of Police , Commissioner of Police (City ), Inspector General of CAPFs.
Super Time Scale (DIG/Conservator Grade) (Pay-Band-4) (After 14 years of service in IPS Cadre) Deputy Inspector General of Police ₹1,50,000 Additional Commissioner of Police , Commissioner of Police (City ), Deputy Inspector General in CAPFs, Director (GOI)
Selection Grade (Pay-Band-4) (After 13 years of service in IPS Cadre) Senior Superintendent of Police ₹1,18,500 Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection Grade), Commandants of CAPFs.
Junior Administrative Grade (Pay-Band-3) (After 9 years of service in IPS Cadre) Superintendent of Police ₹78,800 Deputy Commissioner of Police, Commandants of CAPFs.
Senior Time Scale (Pay-Band-3) (After 4 years of service in IPS Cadre) Additional Superintendent of Police ₹67,700 Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police, Second in command(2ic) of CAPFs.
RANKS AND INSIGNIA
Main article: List of police ranks in
The standard uniform colour is Khaki.
RANKS OF THE IPS
All STATE POLICE SERVICES officers of and above the rank of Deputy
Superintendent of Police (DSP) or Assistant Commissioner of Police
(ACP) in State Police and Metropolitan
INDIAN POLICE SERVICE OFFICER RANK INSIGNIA INSIGNIA
RANK Director of Intelligence Bureau (GOI) ¹ Commissioner of Police (State ) OR Director General of Police ² Joint Commissioner of Police OR Inspector General of Police Additional Commissioner of Police OR Deputy Inspector General of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police OR Senior Superintendent of Police Deputy Commissioner of Police OR Superintendent of Police Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police OR Additional Superintendent of Police Assistant Commissioner of Police OR Deputy Superintendent of Police
ABBREVIATION DIB CP OR DGP JCP OR IGP ADL.CP OR DIG DCP OR SSP DCP OR SP ADL.DCP OR ASP ACP OR DSP ASST.SP ASST.SP
* ¹ Although DIB is a 4 star post and not a rank, it's given to the
senior most IPS officer in Intelligence Bureau .
* ² Rank insignia of CP/DGP is similar to
This Hindustan Ambassador has a triangular flag as well as one star (on the blue box). Both these features indicate that the car belongs to a DIG rank IPS officer. Flags (left) & Stars (right) on official cars of senior IPS officers, as per their rank.
* National Emblem above One star above Crossed Sword and Baton
* Director Generals , Indian Intelligence agencies (Government of
* Director Generals , Indian Federal law enforcement agencies
(Government of India)
* Director Generals ,
Central Armed Police Forces (Government of
* Secretary(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat , (Government of India)
* One Star above Crossed Sword and Baton
* Joint Commissioners of Police or Inspector-Generals of Police ,
States and territories of
* Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals , Indian Intelligence agencies (Govt of India) * Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals , Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Govt of India) * Joint Directors or Inspector-Generals , Central Armed Police Forces (Government of India) * Joint Secretar(ies) (R), Cabinet Secretariat , (Government of India)
* National Emblem above three stars in a triangle
* Joint Commissioners of Police or Deputy Inspector Generals of
Police , States and territories of
* Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals , Indian Intelligence agencies (Govt of India) * Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals , Indian Federal law enforcement agencies (Govt of India) * Directors or Deputy Inspector-Generals , Central Armed Police Forces (Government of India) * Director(s) (R), Cabinet Secretariat , (Government of India)
* National Emblem above two stars * Deputy Commissioner of Police (Selection grade) or Senior Superintendent of Police in selection grade with 13+ years of service (IPS officers posted in insurgency infested states such as Jborder:solid #aaa 1px">
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Data History of
Indian Police Service