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Iloilo
Iloilo
(Hiligaynon: Kapuoran sang Iloilo; Kinaray-a: Probinsiya kang Iloilo; Filipino: Lalawigan ng Iloilo) is a province located in the region of Western Visayas
Western Visayas
in the Philippines. Iloilo
Iloilo
occupies a major southeast portion of the island of Panay
Panay
and is bordered by the province of Antique to the west, Capiz
Capiz
to the north, the Jintotolo Channel to the northeast, the Guimaras Strait
Guimaras Strait
to the east, and the Iloilo Strait
Iloilo Strait
and Panay
Panay
Gulf to the southwest. Just off Iloilo's southeast coast is the island province of Guimaras, once part of Iloilo
Iloilo
but now an independent province. Across the Panay Gulf and Guimaras Strait
Guimaras Strait
is Negros Occidental, occupying the northwestern half of the larger island of Negros. Iloilo's capital is Iloilo
Iloilo
City, though the city itself is independent and not governed by the provincial government itself. According to the 2015 census, the population of the province (excluding Iloilo
Iloilo
City) is 1,936,423. If Iloilo City
Iloilo City
is included, the population is 2,361,042 in total.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Administrative divisions 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Language 3.2 Religion

4 Culture 5 Government 6 Economy 7 Infrastructure

7.1 Iloilo
Iloilo
International Airport 7.2 Iloilo
Iloilo
Port Complex

8 Accessibility

8.1 Iloilo
Iloilo
transportation gateways

9 Tourism 10 Universities and colleges 11 Sports 12 Media 13 Notable Ilonggos 14 References 15 External links

History[edit] At the time of the Imperial Spanish conquest, writing was a new import and the use of organic medium such as leaf and bamboo, and no pre-Hispanic written accounts of Iloilo
Iloilo
exist today. Oral history, in the form of recited epics, has survived to a small degree, with a few recordings made from the last known surviving binukots. But from these oral history and from writings from other sources, one can still glean Iloilo's ancient pre-colonial past. The controversial origins of the people of Iloilo
Iloilo
is said[by whom?] to be from the state of Pannai, a nation occupying Sumatra. Pannai
Pannai
was a militant nation allied under the empire-mandala of the Srivijaya
Srivijaya
that defended the conflict-ridden Strait of Malacca. The small kingdom repulsed any unlicensed Chinese, Indian or Arab navies that often warred in or pirated the straits of Malacca and for a small nation, they were adept at taking down armadas larger than itself. They were successful in policing and defending the straights of Malacca for the Srivijaya
Srivijaya
until the Chola invasion of Srivijaya
Srivijaya
occurred, where in a surprise attack from behind, originating from the occupied capital, rendered the militant-state of Pannai
Pannai
vulnerable from an unprotected assault from the back flank. The Chola invaders eventually destroyed the state of Pannai
Pannai
and its surviving soldiers, royals and scholars were said to have been secreted-out eastwards. In their 450 years of occupying Sumatra, they refused to be enslaved to Islam, Taoism and/or Hinduism but after the state's dissolution, the people who stayed behind in Pannai, themselves, have a legend wherein the high-borne scholars, soldiers and nobles of Pannai, "fled to other islands." [3] At this juncture, Iloilo
Iloilo
came into prominence, when the local settlement called Irong-Irong and was founded by Datu Paiburong, who presumably fled the fallen Srivijaya
Srivijaya
Empire after he and his fellows within the new mandala of Kedatuan of Madja-as, bought the island of Panay
Panay
(Which they presumably named after the state of Pannai
Pannai
or the shortening of the Ati word, Ananipay) from Marikudo, the chieftain of the Ati people. The Kedatuan of Madja-as
Kedatuan of Madja-as
eventually grew a powerful and strong naval presence that it rivaled the nearby states of the Rajahnate of Cebu, the Kingdom of Tondo
Kingdom of Tondo
and the Sultanate of Sulu
Sultanate of Sulu
when it came to wealth and prestige.

Left to right: Images from the Boxer Codex
Boxer Codex
illustrating an ancient kadatuan or tumao of the Visayans of Panay
Panay
wearing the distinctive colors of their social status: [1] a noble couple and [2] a royal couple. The wealth and prestige of these Visayans from Panay
Panay
are clearly demonstrated vis-a-vis their loincloth-wearing Cebuano neighbors which the Spaniards called "Pintados" or "Tattooed Ones"

By 1512, this state had grown so powerful militarily and economically, their naval power regularly threatened Chinese imperial shipping. So much so, that the Chuan-chou gazeeter specifically reported that the Pi-she-yah (Bisaya) (Another term for people from Iloilo) consistently made devastating raids against the Empire's commerce[4] Nevertheless, Spain eventually succeeded on conquering of the island of Panay
Panay
when Spanish conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi
Miguel López de Legazpi
moved his headquarters from the island of Cebu
Cebu
and creating the first Spanish settlement in the island in Ogtong in 1566. This is mainly due in part to the rivalries between the Bisaya and the Moro, of which the former found an ally in Spanish against the latter. The Bisaya accepted alliances with Spain, to defend themselves against the enslaving Moros. To this end, Iloilo
Iloilo
contributed troops in the Castille War against the Sultanate of Brunei. In 1581, the encomienda in Ogtong was moved to La Villa Rica de Arevalo, because of frequent coastal raids by the Dutch privateers. Furthermore, an attack in the year 1600 (Part of the Spanish–Moro conflict) where there was a large Muslim armada to destroy Iloilo
Iloilo
City, led by two Moros named Sirungan and Salikala who lead the Muslim force of 70 ships and 4,000 warriors that had raided and attacked several Visayan
Visayan
islands in order to abduct slaves to sell to their allies in the Sultanate of Demak
Sultanate of Demak
and the Sultanate of Malacca, eventually caused the move of the city center further on to the mouth of the Irong-Irong river founding what is now Iloilo
Iloilo
City and constructing Fort San Pedro to defend it in 1616.[5] Nevertheless, when the 4,000 Moros led by Sirungan and Salikala tried to attack Iloilo City
Iloilo City
they were repulsed with heavy losses in the town of Arevalo by a force of 1,000 Hiligaynon warriors and 70 Mexican arquebusiers under the command of Juan García de Sierra, the Spanish officer who died in the battle.[6] Soon, the area itself began to prosper, due to its successful textile and sugar industry. As a result, it received Chinese immigrants from the west (that worked for its trades) and Latinos
Latinos
from the ports of Mexico in the east (to man its military installations). And over time Iloilo
Iloilo
grew to be the most important province outside Manila. The City of Iloilo
Iloilo
by virtue of a Royal Decree of 1896 was given the honor of having a coat of arms with the Inscription: "La Muy Leal y Noble Ciudad de Iloilo
Iloilo
(The Most Loyal and Noble City) in reward for its loyalty to Spain during the Philippine uprising. During the American period, Iloilo
Iloilo
then became a home to many firsts: including the first department stores and cinema theaters in the nation. Nevertheless, Iloilo
Iloilo
experienced a fall from grace after undergoing severe devastation during World War II, followed by a decline during the 1950s to the 1990s. In part due to the great Iloilo fire which ruined the provincial economy and the slow death of the sugar and textile industries that eventually some prominent families ( Iloilo
Iloilo
then, had the highest concentration of millionaires outside Manila), as well as the provincial bourgeoisie, abandoned the city to go to other areas such as Negros, Cebu, Mindanao
Mindanao
and Metro Manila. Still, the large middle-class populace of Iloilo
Iloilo
and its agri-business sector has managed to maintain both province and city, despite the exodus of some of its prominent families. Geography[edit]

The province covers a total area of 5,000.83 square kilometres (1,930.83 sq mi)[7] occupying the central and eastern section of Panay
Panay
island in the Western Visayas
Western Visayas
region. If Iloilo
Iloilo
City is included for geographical purposes, Iloilo
Iloilo
has an area of 5,079.17 square kilometres (1,961.08 sq mi). The province is bordered by province of Antique to the west, Capiz
Capiz
to the north, the Jintotolo Channel to the northeast, the Visayan
Visayan
Sea and Guimaras Strait
Guimaras Strait
to the east, and the Iloilo Strait
Iloilo Strait
and Panay
Panay
Gulf to the southwest. The province is divided into two distinct geographic regions; the highlands of the Central Panay
Panay
Mountain Range on the western border and the lowland plains which account for a larger portion of the province. Small islands east of its northernmost tip also dot the Visayan
Visayan
Sea - of these, Pan de Azucar and Sicogon are well-known. Mount Baloy is the highest mountain in Iloilo
Iloilo
with an elevation of 6,261 feet (1,908 m) above sea level, located on the triple border of Iloilo, Capiz, and Antique. Other peaks are Mount Llorente 4,409 ft. (1,344m), Mount Sansanan 4,219 ft. (1,286m), Mount Napulak 4,095 ft. (1,248 m), Mount Balabag 3,728 ft. (1,136m). Expansive fishponds and mangrove wetlands are found along the coasts and rivers of Iloilo City
Iloilo City
and the towns of Oton, Leganes, Zarraga, Dumangas, Anilao, Banate, Barotac Viejo, Barotac Nuevo, Ajuy, Balasan and Carles. Administrative divisions[edit] The Province of Iloilo
Iloilo
consists of 42 municipalities and two cities (one component and one highly-urbanized).

 †  Provincial capital and highly urbanized city  ∗  Component city      Municipality

City or municipality District[7] Population ±% p.a. Area[7] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]

(2015)[2] (2010)[8]

km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi

Ajuy 5th 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 52,268 47,248 1.94% 175.57 67.79 300 780 34 11°10′17″N 123°01′12″E / 11.1713°N 123.0199°E / 11.1713; 123.0199 (Ajuy)

Alimodian 2nd 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 38,408 37,484 0.46% 144.82 55.92 270 700 51 10°48′59″N 122°25′56″E / 10.8163°N 122.4321°E / 10.8163; 122.4321 (Alimodian)

Anilao 4th 7000150000000000000♠1.5% 28,684 27,486 0.82% 100.31 38.73 290 750 21 10°58′44″N 122°45′04″E / 10.9789°N 122.7511°E / 10.9789; 122.7511 (Anilao)

Badiangan 3rd 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 27,005 26,218 0.56% 77.50 29.92 350 910 31 10°59′11″N 122°32′12″E / 10.9863°N 122.5367°E / 10.9863; 122.5367 (Badiangan)

Balasan 5th 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 33,088 29,724 2.06% 54.27 20.95 610 1,600 23 11°28′23″N 123°05′21″E / 11.4731°N 123.0891°E / 11.4731; 123.0891 (Balasan)

Banate 4th 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 32,532 29,543 1.85% 102.89 39.73 320 830 18 11°00′02″N 122°49′06″E / 11.0006°N 122.8182°E / 11.0006; 122.8182 (Banate)

Barotac Nuevo 4th 7000280000000099999♠2.8% 54,146 51,867 0.82% 94.49 36.48 570 1,500 29 10°53′42″N 122°42′15″E / 10.8951°N 122.7041°E / 10.8951; 122.7041 (Barotac Nuevo)

Barotac Viejo 5th 7000240000000000000♠2.4% 45,808 41,470 1.91% 185.78 71.73 250 650 26 11°02′31″N 122°51′02″E / 11.0419°N 122.8505°E / 11.0419; 122.8505 (Barotac Viejo)

Batad 5th 7000110000000000000♠1.1% 21,298 19,385 1.81% 53.10 20.50 400 1,000 24 11°25′02″N 123°06′35″E / 11.4173°N 123.1098°E / 11.4173; 123.1098 (Batad)

Bingawan 3rd 6999800000000000000♠0.8% 15,199 13,432 2.38% 85.20 32.90 180 470 14 11°13′58″N 122°34′03″E / 11.2329°N 122.5675°E / 11.2329; 122.5675 (Bingawan)

Cabatuan 3rd 7000300000000000000♠3.0% 58,442 54,950 1.18% 112.90 43.59 520 1,300 68 10°52′49″N 122°28′53″E / 10.8803°N 122.4815°E / 10.8803; 122.4815 (Cabatuan)

Calinog 3rd 7000310000000000000♠3.1% 60,413 54,430 2.01% 274.55 106.00 220 570 59 11°07′21″N 122°32′17″E / 11.1225°N 122.5380°E / 11.1225; 122.5380 (Calinog)

Carles 5th 7000350000000000000♠3.5% 68,160 62,690 1.61% 104.05 40.17 660 1,700 33 11°34′17″N 123°07′57″E / 11.5713°N 123.1326°E / 11.5713; 123.1326 (Carles)

Concepcion 5th 7000220000000000000♠2.2% 43,159 39,617 1.64% 86.12 33.25 500 1,300 25 11°12′53″N 123°06′30″E / 11.2148°N 123.1082°E / 11.2148; 123.1082 (Concepcion)

Dingle 4th 7000230000000099999♠2.3% 45,335 43,290 0.88% 98.37 37.98 460 1,200 33 11°00′00″N 122°40′18″E / 11.0000°N 122.6717°E / 11.0000; 122.6717 (Dingle)

Dueñas 4th 7000180000000000000♠1.8% 34,242 33,671 0.32% 90.52 34.95 380 980 47 11°03′58″N 122°37′06″E / 11.0662°N 122.6183°E / 11.0662; 122.6183 (Duenas)

Dumangas 4th 7000360000000000000♠3.6% 69,108 66,108 0.85% 128.70 49.69 540 1,400 45 10°49′17″N 122°42′44″E / 10.8214°N 122.7122°E / 10.8214; 122.7122 (Dumangas)

Estancia 5th 7000250000000000000♠2.5% 48,546 42,666 2.49% 29.38 11.34 1,700 4,400 25 11°27′29″N 123°09′04″E / 11.4580°N 123.1511°E / 11.4580; 123.1511 (Estancia)

Guimbal 1st 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 33,820 32,325 0.86% 44.61 17.22 760 2,000 33 10°39′41″N 122°19′22″E / 10.6615°N 122.3228°E / 10.6615; 122.3228 (Guimbal)

Igbaras 1st 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 32,004 31,347 0.40% 148.72 57.42 220 570 46 10°43′02″N 122°15′55″E / 10.7172°N 122.2654°E / 10.7172; 122.2654 (Igbaras)

Iloilo
Iloilo
City † lone — 447,992 424,619 1.03% 78.34 30.25 5,700 15,000 180 10°42′09″N 122°34′08″E / 10.7024°N 122.5690°E / 10.7024; 122.5690 ( Iloilo
Iloilo
City)

Janiuay 3rd 7000330000000000000♠3.3% 63,905 63,031 0.26% 179.10 69.15 360 930 60 10°56′57″N 122°30′07″E / 10.9491°N 122.5019°E / 10.9491; 122.5019 (Janiuay)

Lambunao 3rd 7000380000000000000♠3.8% 73,640 69,023 1.24% 407.09 157.18 180 470 73 11°03′19″N 122°28′29″E / 11.0553°N 122.4746°E / 11.0553; 122.4746 (Lambunao)

Leganes 2nd 7000170000000000000♠1.7% 32,480 29,438 1.89% 32.20 12.43 1,000 2,600 18 10°47′11″N 122°35′21″E / 10.7863°N 122.5892°E / 10.7863; 122.5892 (Leganes)

Lemery 5th 7000160000000000000♠1.6% 30,851 27,441 2.26% 119.90 46.29 260 670 31 11°13′33″N 122°55′39″E / 11.2258°N 122.9274°E / 11.2258; 122.9274 (Lemery)

Leon 2nd 7000260000000000000♠2.6% 49,875 47,522 0.92% 140.20 54.13 360 930 85 10°46′50″N 122°23′18″E / 10.7805°N 122.3882°E / 10.7805; 122.3882 (Leon)

Maasin 3rd 7000190000000000000♠1.9% 36,922 35,069 0.99% 128.59 49.65 290 750 50 10°53′27″N 122°26′00″E / 10.8908°N 122.4332°E / 10.8908; 122.4332 (Maasin)

Miagao 1st 7000350000000000000♠3.5% 67,565 64,545 0.87% 156.80 60.54 430 1,100 119 10°38′28″N 122°14′08″E / 10.6410°N 122.2355°E / 10.6410; 122.2355 (Miagao)

Mina 3rd 7000120000000000000♠1.2% 23,546 21,785 1.49% 43.40 16.76 540 1,400 22 10°55′48″N 122°34′27″E / 10.9300°N 122.5742°E / 10.9300; 122.5742 (Mina)

New Lucena 2nd 7000120000000000000♠1.2% 23,240 22,174 0.90% 44.10 17.03 530 1,400 21 10°52′39″N 122°35′48″E / 10.8776°N 122.5967°E / 10.8776; 122.5967 (New Lucena)

Oton 1st 7000460000000099999♠4.6% 89,115 82,572 1.46% 86.44 33.37 1,000 2,600 37 10°41′37″N 122°28′38″E / 10.6936°N 122.4773°E / 10.6936; 122.4773 (Oton)

Passi ∗ 4th 7000420000000000000♠4.2% 80,544 79,663 0.21% 251.39 97.06 320 830 51 11°07′03″N 122°38′36″E / 11.1174°N 122.6432°E / 11.1174; 122.6432 (Passi)

Pavia 2nd 7000290000000000000♠2.9% 55,603 43,614 4.73% 27.15 10.48 2,000 5,200 18 10°46′29″N 122°32′31″E / 10.7748°N 122.5419°E / 10.7748; 122.5419 (Pavia)

Pototan 3rd 7000390000000000000♠3.9% 75,070 70,955 1.08% 97.10 37.49 770 2,000 50 10°56′32″N 122°38′09″E / 10.9421°N 122.6358°E / 10.9421; 122.6358 (Pototan)

San Dionisio 5th 7000200000000000000♠2.0% 38,775 33,650 2.74% 127.06 49.06 310 800 29 11°16′12″N 123°05′39″E / 11.2701°N 123.0942°E / 11.2701; 123.0942 (San Dionisio)

San Enrique 4th 7000180000000000000♠1.8% 33,911 32,422 0.86% 110.28 42.58 310 800 28 11°04′21″N 122°39′21″E / 11.0724°N 122.6558°E / 11.0724; 122.6558 (San Enrique)

San Joaquin 1st 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 51,892 51,645 0.09% 234.84 90.67 220 570 85 10°35′11″N 122°08′32″E / 10.5865°N 122.1422°E / 10.5865; 122.1422 (San Joaquin)

San Miguel 2nd 7000140000000099999♠1.4% 27,686 25,013 1.95% 31.97 12.34 870 2,300 24 10°46′51″N 122°27′54″E / 10.7807°N 122.4650°E / 10.7807; 122.4650 (San Miguel)

San Rafael 5th 6999900000000000000♠0.9% 16,532 14,655 2.32% 67.05 25.89 250 650 9 11°10′48″N 122°49′44″E / 11.1801°N 122.8288°E / 11.1801; 122.8288 (San Rafael)

Santa Barbara 2nd 7000310000000000000♠3.1% 60,215 55,472 1.57% 131.96 50.95 460 1,200 60 10°49′38″N 122°31′53″E / 10.8272°N 122.5314°E / 10.8272; 122.5314 (Santa Barbara)

Sara 5th 7000270000000000000♠2.7% 52,631 46,889 2.22% 169.02 65.26 310 800 42 11°15′31″N 123°00′46″E / 11.2587°N 123.0128°E / 11.2587; 123.0128 (Sara)

Tigbauan 1st 7000320000000000000♠3.2% 62,706 58,814 1.23% 83.68 32.31 750 1,900 52 10°40′28″N 122°22′34″E / 10.6744°N 122.3761°E / 10.6744; 122.3761 (Tigbauan)

Tubungan 1st 7000120000000000000♠1.2% 22,449 21,540 0.79% 85.18 32.89 260 670 48 10°45′55″N 122°19′05″E / 10.7654°N 122.3181°E / 10.7654; 122.3181 (Tubungan)

Zarraga 2nd 7000130000000000000♠1.3% 25,605 23,693 1.49% 54.48 21.03 470 1,200 24 10°49′25″N 122°36′36″E / 10.8236°N 122.6099°E / 10.8236; 122.6099 (Zarraga)

Total[B] 1,936,423 1,805,576 1.34% 5,000.83 1,930.83 390 1,000 1,721 (see GeoGroup box)

^ Coordinates
Coordinates
mark the city/town center, and are sortable by latitude. ^ Total figures exclude the highly urbanized city of Iloilo.

Back to contents Climate[edit]

Climate data for Iloilo, Philippines
Philippines
— NOAA Station Id: PH98637

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 29.7 (85.5) 30.2 (86.4) 31.7 (89.1) 33.1 (91.6) 33.1 (91.6) 31.6 (88.9) 30.7 (87.3) 30.4 (86.7) 30.8 (87.4) 31.1 (88) 30.9 (87.6) 30.2 (86.4) 31.12 (88.02)

Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1 (79) 26.5 (79.7) 27.6 (81.7) 28.9 (84) 29.1 (84.4) 28.1 (82.6) 27.6 (81.7) 27.5 (81.5) 27.6 (81.7) 27.7 (81.9) 27.5 (81.5) 26.8 (80.2) 27.59 (81.66)

Average low °C (°F) 22.7 (72.9) 22.7 (72.9) 23.5 (74.3) 24.6 (76.3) 25.1 (77.2) 24.7 (76.5) 24.4 (75.9) 24.5 (76.1) 24.4 (75.9) 24.2 (75.6) 24.0 (75.2) 23.4 (74.1) 24.02 (75.24)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 39.9 (1.571) 19.1 (0.752) 27.1 (1.067) 47.7 (1.878) 117.9 (4.642) 255.2 (10.047) 313.2 (12.331) 363.7 (14.319) 266.8 (10.504) 264.1 (10.398) 174.8 (6.882) 64.2 (2.528) 1,953.7 (76.917)

Average relative humidity (%) 82 80 75 73 77 82 85 85 85 84 84 83 81.25

Source: "Climate (Average Weather) Data". Climate-Charts.com. Retrieved March 13, 2011. 

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Iloilo

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 329,993 —    

1918 397,854 +1.25%

1939 589,198 +1.89%

1948 665,563 +1.36%

1960 757,440 +1.08%

1970 885,221 +1.57%

1975 1,001,507 +2.51%

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1980 1,096,432 +1.83%

1990 1,337,981 +2.01%

1995 1,415,022 +1.05%

2000 1,559,182 +2.10%

2007 1,691,878 +1.13%

2010 1,805,576 +2.40%

2015 1,936,423 +1.34%

Excluding Iloilo
Iloilo
City Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[2][8][8][9]

The population of Iloilo
Iloilo
in the 2015 census was 1,936,423 people,[2] with a density of 390 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,000 inhabitants per square mile. If the highly urbanized city of Iloilo
Iloilo
is included for statistical purposes, the province's total population is 2,361,042 people, with a density of 465/km2 (1,204/sq mi). People from Iloilo
Iloilo
are called Ilonggos. There are three local languages used in the province: Hiligaynon (Ilonggo), Kinaray-a
Kinaray-a
and Capiznon. Hiligaynon and dialects/variants of it are spoken in Iloilo City and in some towns of the province, especially to the northeast. Spanish is strictly a local language, at least in a historical way with the number of natural Spanish speakers strongly declining after WWII, and due to this, there are today many Ilonggos who do not consider it a local language. Language[edit]

The Ten Commandments in Hiligaynon, the predominant language of Panay

Languages Spoken (2000)[10]

Language

Speakers

Hiligaynon

1,326,664

Kinaray-a

206,632

Capiznon

2,913

Other Visayan
Visayan
languages

2,731

Others

11,815

Not Reported

7,596

Hiligaynon is concentrated in the city of Iloilo
Iloilo
and surrounding areas, as well as the northeastern portion of the province,[11] Guimaras
Guimaras
and the Negros Island
Negros Island
(especially in Negros Occidental
Negros Occidental
and to a lesser extent in Negros Oriental), as well as the provinces of South Cotabato, Sultan Kudarat, and North Cotabato
North Cotabato
in SOCCSKSARGEN, Mindanao. It is also spoken in the neighboring provinces, such as Capiz, Antique, Aklan, Masbate, Palawan
Palawan
and Romblon
Romblon
as well as in some parts of Maguindanao. It is also spoken as a second language by Cebuano speakers in Negros Oriental, Kinaray-a
Kinaray-a
speakers in Antique, Aklanon/Malaynon speakers in Aklan
Aklan
and Capiznon speakers in Capiz. The language is referred to as Ilonggo in Iloilo
Iloilo
and Negros Occidental. More precisely, Ilonggo is an ethno-linguistic group referring to the people living in southeastern Panay
Panay
and its associated culture. The boundaries of the language called Ilonggo and that called Hiligaynon are unclear. The disagreement of which name is correct extends to Philippine language specialists and native laypeople. Religion[edit] Iloilo
Iloilo
is Catholic predominated province comprising about 60%[citation needed] of the population. Protestant churches also exist such as members of Philippine Independent Church
Philippine Independent Church
or Aglipayan Church with 35%[citation needed] of the population, Baptist, Presbyterian, Methodist, Adventist, and other Evangelical Christians; There are also non Protestant and other Christian sects such as Iglesia Ni Cristo, Church of Christ of Latter day Saints (Mormon) and Jehovah's Witnesses while non Christians are usually represented by Muslims, and to a lesser extent, Buddhists and Hindus. Culture[edit] Spanish architecture can be seen in old buildings in downtown Iloilo. Ancient Indonesians, Malaysians
Malaysians
and Vietnamese, and later the Indian, Arab, Chinese, Korean and Japanese merchants were already trading with the Ilonggos, long before the arrival of the Spaniards and other Europeans. The ruling Spanish government encouraged these foreign merchants to trade in Iloilo
Iloilo
but they were not given privileges like ownership of land. Foreign merchants and Spaniards intermarried with the locals, and the Mestizo class was eventually born from their union. The Mestizo offsprings of the local nobilities later emerged as the ruling class of the Ilonggos (see Principalía). The town's fiesta is one of the most important events for Ilonggos. Almost every town (municipality) in Iloilo
Iloilo
has a fiesta and festival celebrated annually. Iloilo
Iloilo
is also home to two of the nation's cultural minorities the Sulod- Bukidnon
Bukidnon
and the Ati. Government[edit]

Governor: Arthur D. Defensor, Sr. Vice Governor: Christine S. Garin

Provincial board members

1st District

Renee Valencia Marcelo Valentin Serag

2nd District

Demmy P. Sonza Liecel Mondejar-Seville

3rd District

Lorenz Defensor Manny Gallar

4th District

Bryan Paul Biron Domingo Oso

5th District

Bongbong Tupas Jeneda Salcedo-Orendain

The Old Capitol building of the Province of Iloilo

Ex-officio Board Members

PCL President: Licurgo Tirador ABC President: Pablito Gemarino

District Representatives

1st District: Oscar S. Garin, Jr. 2nd District: Arcadio H. Gorriceta 3rd District: Arthur D. Defensor, Jr. 4th District: Ferjenel G. Biron 5th District: Raul C. Tupas

Economy[edit] Iloilo's economy is vibrant, because of good political will and the cooperation of the Ilonggos. Iloilo's "economic boom" made thousands of jobs, and made the province one of the most competitive in the country. Iloilo City
Iloilo City
is the center for real estate, accommodation, medical centers, education, shopping centers, business centers, IT/BPO centers and many more. Iloilo's northern part consists of a strong fishing industry and a booming tourism industry. It is near the Visayan
Visayan
Sea, which makes that part of province one of the leading areas in fisheries in the nation. The central part is an agri-industrial center producing a wide array of agricultural products such as corn, rice, bananas, pineapples and sugar among others as well as high-end crops in the Bucari Area
Bucari Area
in Leon and in the highlands of Alimodian, as well as inland resorts and trekking sites. The sugar industries is centered in Passi City and its neighboring towns like Lambunao, Duenas, San Enrique and Bingawan. Southern Iloilo's economy is mostly based on tourism because of the century-old churches and colonized buildings and its beaches and marine reserves especially in Guimbal, Miagao
Miagao
and San Joaquin towns. Infrastructure[edit] Iloilo
Iloilo
International Airport[edit] Main article: Iloilo
Iloilo
International Airport The airport serves the Province of Iloilo, including its capital city, Iloilo
Iloilo
City, the regional center of the Western Visayas
Western Visayas
region in the Philippines. It opened its doors to commercial traffic on June 14, 2007 after a decade of planning and construction located at Cabatuan, Iloilo, replacing the old Iloilo
Iloilo
Airport in Mandurriao, Iloilo
Iloilo
City and inherited its IATA and ICAO airport codes. It is the fourth-busiest airport in the Philippines, from its predecessor. It is the first airport in both Western Visayas
Western Visayas
and the island of Panay
Panay
to be built to international standards, and one of the four airports in the region planned to be an international gateway. It is one of the 2 international airports in Western Visayas, the other one being Kalibo International Airport. Iloilo
Iloilo
Port Complex[edit] Main article: Port of Iloilo The Port of Iloilo, considered the leader of trade and a commercial hub for Western Visayas
Western Visayas
is also one of the safest natural seaports in the Philippines. The Iloilo
Iloilo
Commercial Port Complex is located on 20.8 hectares of reclaimed land. It includes 11,400 sq. meters of open space for operations, supplemented by an area of 97,000 sq. meters, a crane, rails of 348 lineal meters; roll-on-roll-off support; a 7,800 container freight stations; and a 720 sq. meter passenger shed. The port complex is ideal for ships plying international routes having a berth length of 400 meters, a width of 26.26 meters and a berthing depth of 10.50 meters. A number of shipping companies use the Port of Iloilo, including Lorenzo Shipping Corporation, 2GO, Amigo Shipping Company, New Panay Shipping Company, Sulpicio Lines, and Trans-Asia Shipping Lines Inc. Fast ferries serve Iloilo- Bacolod
Bacolod
routes eight times daily. 2GO inter-island, overnight ferries serve longer routes, going to Manila, Bacolod, Cebu, Zamboanga and Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro City. Pumpboat ferries cross the Iloilo Strait
Iloilo Strait
to Guimaras
Guimaras
constantly during the day and on special trips at night. Roll-on/roll-off ferry service, known as RO-RO, is available between Iloilo City
Iloilo City
and Guimaras, but the ro-ro to Negros is available from Dumangas, Iloilo
Dumangas, Iloilo
including ro-ro from Iloilo
Iloilo
to Palawan. It is ranked third in terms of ship calls at 11,853, fourth in cargo throughout at 491,719 million metric tons and fourth in passenger traffic at 2.4 million annually. Accessibility[edit] Iloilo
Iloilo
is one of the most accessible provinces in the Philippines. Iloilo
Iloilo
can be reached by plane on regular commercial international flights from Hong Kong and Singapore to the Iloilo
Iloilo
International Airport. Direct domestic flights connect Iloilo
Iloilo
to major cities in the Philippines
Philippines
including Manila, Cebu, Davao, General Santos, Puerto Princesa, Zamboanga and Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. Direct ferry routes and roll-on roll-off connections on the Philippines’ nautical highway are also available between Iloilo
Iloilo
and all major cities in the country. By plane, travel time to the Iloilo
Iloilo
takes around 1 hour from Manila, 30 minutes from Cebu, 2 hours and 30 minutes from Hong Kong, and 3 hours and 30 minutes from Singapore. By direct ferry, Iloilo
Iloilo
is approximately 1.5 hours away from Bacolod, and 15 minutes away from Guimaras. By land, Iloilo
Iloilo
is around 4–5 hours away from Boracay, 3 hours away from Kalibo, and 2 hours away from Roxas City. Iloilo
Iloilo
transportation gateways[edit] Iloilo International Airport
Iloilo International Airport
– The Iloilo International Airport
Iloilo International Airport
is the primary gateway to Iloilo. It serves regularly scheduled direct domestic flights to Iloilo
Iloilo
from major Philippine airlines including Manila, Cebu, Davao, General Santos, Puerto Princesa, and Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro. The airport also serves international flights from Iloilo
Iloilo
to Hong Kong and Singapore. Flights to Iloilo
Iloilo
are served by Cebu
Cebu
Pacific, Philippine Airlines, PAL Express, and TigerAir. The Iloilo
Iloilo
Airport is located approximately 19 kilometers or 20 minutes away by taxi from Iloilo
Iloilo
City. Iloilo
Iloilo
Seaports – Ferries in Iloilo
Iloilo
depart and arrive at various seaports in Iloilo City
Iloilo City
and Iloilo
Iloilo
Province depending on the route and vessel type. (1) Ferry terminals along the Iloilo
Iloilo
River in Lapuz district, Iloilo City
Iloilo City
serves fastcraft ferries to and from Bacolod, RORO ferries to and from Guimaras, and ferries to and from Palawan. (2) The Iloilo
Iloilo
Domestic Port in Fort San Pedro, Iloilo City
Iloilo City
Proper serves shipping companies with routes to and from Manila, Cebu, Cagayan
Cagayan
de Oro, and Zamboanga.[12] Tourism[edit]

The Miag-ao Church
Miag-ao Church
is one of the Baroque Churches of the Philippines.

St. William The Hermit Parish Church of Passi City, the longest and one of the largest and oldest churches in Iloilo
Iloilo
Province

As a leading province during the Spanish Colonial Era, the province of Iloilo
Iloilo
is widely known for its beautiful old world architecture similar to that of Latin American Countries. Spanish colonial Churches are amongst the well-known tourist sites in the province. Some natural sites are also in here as well as mixed-use parks that sprawl around the province. Miag-ao Church. A World Heritage Site. The Aztec-Baroque inspired church with Filipino botanicals used to carved on the facade. It is known for its intricate facade and pyramidal bell towers. The church was used as a fortress during the olden days. It is a massive structure built of yellowish Limestones. Molo Church. The Gothic Renaissance Church of Molo was used as a watch tower to warn the people if there are any attackers on the shore of Iloilo
Iloilo
City. It is a fine coral stone church with Classical and Gothic details. It is also known as the feminist church because of the beautiful female saints lining inside the church. Cabatuan Church. This Neoclassic Church, known to be the most massive Hispanic structure in Iloilo
Iloilo
is built of red bricks. It is believed to be the largest red brick structure in the Visayas
Visayas
and it was given the title "Model of Temples" by the 'El Eco de Panay'. The Cabatuan Church is known to be the only extant Spanish colonial church with three facades. San Jose Church. The beautiful church in front of plaza Libertad is considered the most historic amongst the churches in Iloilo
Iloilo
City. It is a Byzantine-Neoclassic Church planned to look like the Spanish Church of Valencia del Cid. The Church is known for its collection of priceless Catholic treasures. Passi City Church. This is considered a militaristic church in that it was planned as a ‘fortress church’ and the proof of this can be seen in the massive buttresses which support the front and back walls of the church. The church was built to replace churches that had been destroyed by an earthquake in 1612 and subsequent churches that had been destroyed by fires. Old Capitol building of the Province of Iloilo. A National Historical Site. The building was built with wood stone during the Spanish colonization. It served as the capitol when the civil government of Iloilo
Iloilo
was founded in 1901. The National Historical Institute
National Historical Institute
(NHI) formally recognized the Old Capitol as a historical landmark through a marker installed on its walls on April 11, 2010.[13] Bucari Area. Bucari Area
Bucari Area
is an area with mountainous terrain situated in the highlands of Leon and Alimodian. It is known as the "Summer Capital of Iloilo" and declared as a special economic zone for tourism and ecological enterprise due to its cool climate, topography, highland attractions and scenery. Bulabog Putian National Park. Bulabog Puti-an National Park is a protected rain forest area known for being a living museum of flora and fauna. Hundreds of local and foreign tourists visit the 847 eco-tourism park to immerse in the area’s natural attractions such as its various forms of wildlife and more than 30 caves. It is located within the municipalities of San Enrique and Dingle.[14] Islas de Gigantes. The Islas de Gigantes is an island group found in the offshores of the municipality of Carles. The place is known for its numerous caves, white sand beaches, emerald-like shores and lagoon, and rock formations. Santa Barbara Church. The Santa Barbara Parish Church and Convent is considered to be the "Cradle of Independence" in Panay
Panay
and in the Visayas. In 1991, the National Historical Commission of the Philippines
Philippines
declared Santa Barbara Church
Santa Barbara Church
and Convent as a National Landmark. The church was the site where General Martin Delgado of the Visayan
Visayan
Revolutionary Government started the junta that resulted to the first Cry of Revolution against the Spaniards outside Luzon. It was also used as the general headquarters and military hospital of the revolutionary forces. Calle Real Heritage District. Calle Real, or the J.M. Basa Street in Iloilo
Iloilo
City, is once the main commercial center of the city during the Imperial Spanish and American periods. It houses numerous old colonial buildings. Iloilo
Iloilo
River Esplanade. The Esplanade is Iloilo
Iloilo
City's newest hub for dining, leisure and recreation. Poised to be one of the longest linear park in the country. Iloilo
Iloilo
Golf and Country Club. The Iloilo
Iloilo
Golf Course and Country Club is the oldest golf course in South East Asia. It all began in the 1850s when the British, led by Iloilo-based Vice Consul Nicholas Loney known today as the “Father of the Philippine Sugar Industry." Universities and colleges[edit]

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ABBA Institute of Technology, Iloilo
Iloilo
City ABE International Business College - Iloilo
Iloilo
Campus AMA Computer University, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Cabalum Western College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Central Philippine University, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Colegio de San Jose, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Colegio del Sagrado Corazon de Jesus, Iloilo
Iloilo
City De Paul College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Dominican College of Iloilo, Zarraga, Iloilo Hua Siong College of Iloilo, Iznart Street, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Iloilo City
Iloilo City
Community College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Iloilo
Iloilo
Doctor's College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Iloilo
Iloilo
Technical College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Interface Computer College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Iloilo
Iloilo
Scholastic Academy, Iloilo
Iloilo
City ISCOF/ Iloilo
Iloilo
State University of Science and Technology (ISUST)- Dumangas
Dumangas
Campus ISCOF/ISUST - Main Campus, Tiwi Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo ISCOF/ISUST- Barotac Nuevo
Barotac Nuevo
Polytechnic Institute Barotac Nuevo
Barotac Nuevo
Campus ISCOF/ISUST-Dingle Agricultural College Dingle Campus ISCOF/ISUST-San Enrique Polytechnic College San Enrique Campus John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University - Molo Campus, Molo, Iloilo
Iloilo
City John B. Lacson Foundation Maritime University - Villa Arevalo Campus, Villa Arevalo, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Leon Ganzon Polythechnic College, Balasan, Iloilo New Lucena Polytechnic College-New Lucena NIPSC Laboratory High School - West Campus, Estancia, Iloilo NIPSC - Ajuy
Ajuy
Campus NIPSC - Barotac Viejo
Barotac Viejo
Campus NIPSC - Batad Campus NIPSC - Concepcion (CPC) NIPSC - Lemery Campus NIPSC - Sara Campus Northern Iloilo
Iloilo
Polytechnic State College (Main) Estancia, Iloilo Passi City College, Passi City, Iloilo St. Paul's University, Iloilo
Iloilo
City St. Therese – MTC colleges La Fiesta Site, Molo, Iloilo
Iloilo
City St. Therese – MTC colleges Magdalo Site, La Paz, Iloilo
Iloilo
City St. Therese – MTC colleges Tigbauan Site, Tigbauan, Iloilo St. Vincent College of Science and Technology, Leganes, Iloilo STI College, Iloilo
Iloilo
City University of Iloilo
University of Iloilo
- PHINMA Education Network University of Iloilo, Iloilo
Iloilo
City University of San Agustin, Iloilo
Iloilo
City University of the Philippines
Philippines
Visayas
Visayas
Iloilo City
Iloilo City
Campus, Iloilo
Iloilo
City University of the Philippines
Philippines
Visayas
Visayas
Miag-ao Campus (UPV Main Campus), Miag-ao, Iloilo West Visayas State University
West Visayas State University
Main Campus, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Western Institute of Technology, Iloilo
Iloilo
City Western Visayas
Western Visayas
College of Science and Technology Main Campus, Iloilo City WVCST-Don Jose Sustiguer Monfort Memorial National College, Barotac Nuevo, Iloilo WVCST-Leon National College of Agriculture, Leon, Iloilo WVCST-Purification Dolar Monfort College, Dumangas, Iloilo WVCST-Southern Iloilo
Iloilo
Polytechnic College, Miag-ao, Iloilo WVSU-Calinog Campus, Calinog, Iloilo WVSU-Janiuay Campus, Janiuay, Iloilo WVSU-College of Agriculture and Forestry Campus, Lambunao, Iloilo WVSU-Lambunao East Campus, Lambunao, Iloilo WVSU-Pototan Campus, Pototan, Iloilo

School

SPED-Integrated School for Exceptional Children

Sports[edit] Stallion F.C.
Stallion F.C.
is an association football club founded in Barotac Nuevo. The club is affiliated with the Iloilo
Iloilo
Football Association and currently playing in Division 1 of the United Football League. Media[edit] Iloilo City
Iloilo City
is home to regional television stations of GMA Network (GMA TV6 & GMA News TV 28), TV5 (UHF 36 & AksyonTV 46), Solar channels (9TV TV-4) ETC UHF 32 & 2nd Avenue UHF 24), (BEAM UHF 26) and ABS-CBN (ABS-CBN TV10, ABS-CBN Sports+Action (UHF 38)). Notable Ilonggos[edit] Main article: List of people from Iloilo References[edit]

^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 11 February 2013.  ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.  ^ Francisco Colin, S.J.; Madrid, published in 1663 , from his Labor evangélica ^ Chuan-chou Fu-chi (Ch.10) Year 1512 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-09. Retrieved 2014-09-14.  ^ Philippines: A Unique Nation By Dr. Sonia M. Zaide (2015) p. 150. [All Nations Publishing Co., Inc.] ^ a b c "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon
Quezon
City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.  ^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.  ^ " Philippines
Philippines
Census Of Population of all LGUs 1903-2007". archive.org. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 14 February 2017.  ^ Table 5. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Iloilo, 2000 ^ and "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2012-10-18.  ^ http://www.exploreiloilo.com/guide/iloilo-transportation/ ^ "Old Iloilo
Iloilo
capitol now a national historical site". Philippine Information Agency. 13 April 2010. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2010.  ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap · Google Maps

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Media related to Iloilo
Iloilo
at Wikimedia Commons Iloilo
Iloilo
(province) travel guide from Wikivoyage Geographic data related to Iloilo
Iloilo
at OpenStreetMap Iloilo
Iloilo
Travel Website Republic of the Philippines: Official website of the Provincial Government of Iloilo Philippine Standard Geographic Code

Places adjacent to Iloilo

Capiz

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Iloilo

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Iloilo
Strait Guimaras Guimaras Strait
Guimaras Strait
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v t e

Province of Iloilo

Iloilo
Iloilo
(capital)

Municipalities

Ajuy Alimodian Anilao Badiangan Balasan Banate Barotac Nuevo Barotac Viejo Batad Bingawan Cabatuan Calinog Carles Concepcion Dingle Dueñas Dumangas Estancia Guimbal Igbaras Janiuay Lambunao Leganes Lemery Leon Maasin Miagao Mina New Lucena Oton Pavia Pototan San Dionisio San Enrique San Joaquin San Miguel San Rafael Santa Barbara Sara Tigbauan Tubungan Zarraga

Component city

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Highly urbanized city

Iloilo
Iloilo
(Administratively independent from the province but grouped under Iloilo
Iloilo
by the Philippine Statistics Authority.)

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