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The HOUSE OF THANI (Arabic : اَل ثاني Al Thani‎‎) is the ruling family of Qatar
Qatar
, whose origins can be traced back to the Ma\'adid clan of the Banu Tamim tribal confederation.

CONTENTS

* 1 History and structure * 2 Rulers

* 3 Family tree

* 3.1 Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
Branch * 3.2 The Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch * 3.3 The Fahad bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch * 3.4 The Jaber bin Muhammed Al Thani Branch * 3.5 The Thamir bin Muhammed Al Branch

* 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY AND STRUCTURE

The Al Thanis are part of the Ma'adid sect of the Banu Tamim tribe, which can be traced back to Mudar bin Nizar who settled at Gebrin oasis in southern Najd
Najd
(present-day Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia
) before he moved to Qatar. Around the 17th century, the tribe lived in Ushayqir, a settlement north-east of Riyadh
Riyadh
. They settled in Qatar
Qatar
around the 1740s. Their first settlement in Qatar
Qatar
was in the southern town of Sikak, and from there they moved north-west to Zubarah
Zubarah
and Al Ruwais . They settled in Doha
Doha
in the 19th century under their leader Mohammed bin Thani . The group was named after the father of Mohammad, Thani bin Mohammad.

The family is made of four main factions: Bani Qassim, Bani Ahmed, Bani Jaber, and Bani Thamer. As of the early 1990s, the number of the family members was estimated to be about 6,000.

The leadership transitions in 1913, 1949, 1960, and 1995 were all forced abdications. These abdications were forced by a nephew in one incident and sons in the others. However, none of the forced abdications toppled the Al Thani dynasty, which remains in place.

RULERS

Sheikh
Sheikh
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani

List of Hakims and Emirs :

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Thani
Mohammed bin Thani
, Hakim of Qatar
Qatar
(1850–1878) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
, Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1878–1913) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Thani , Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1898-1905) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani , Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1913–1914) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
, Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1914–1949) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani , Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1949–1960) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
, Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1960–1972) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
, Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1972–1995) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
, Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(1995–2013) * Sheikh
Sheikh
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
, Emir
Emir
of Qatar
Qatar
(2013–present)

FAMILY TREE

Thani

Mohammed

Jassim

Ahmed

Fahad

Eid

Jabr

Thamir

JASSIM BIN MOHAMMED AL THANI BRANCH

Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
(ca. 1825–1913) Founder of modern Qatar
Qatar
1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani I (18??–18?? Died young) 2. Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani (1851–1931) 3. Sheikh Thani bin Jassim Al Thani (1856–1943), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Al Gharafa 4. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani (1871–1930), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Al Wakra 5. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
(1880–1957), Former Sheikh
Sheikh
of Al Rayyan
Al Rayyan
, Ruler of Qatar
Qatar
(1914–1940, 1948–1949) 6. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ali bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died when he was young) 7. Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani (1881–1971), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Umm Salal Mohammed 7.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–1977) 7.1.1.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Faisal bin Fahad Al Thani 7.1.1.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
Hamad bin Fahad Al Thani 7.1.1.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Fahad Al Thani 7.1.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasir bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.2.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Nasir Al Thani 7.1.2.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Nasir Al Thani 7.1.2.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Nasir Al Thani 7.1.2.4. Sheikh ??? bin Nasir Al Thani 7.1.2.5. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Nasir Al Thani 7.1.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–1970) 7.1.4. Sheikh Khalid bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.4.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Khalid Al Thani 7.1.4.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Khalid Al Thani 7.1.5. Sheikh
Sheikh
Hamad Bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.5.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Hamad Al Thani 7.1.5.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Hamad Al Thani 7.1.6. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.6.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani 7.1.6.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani 7.1.6.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani 7.1.6.4. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdulrahman Al Thani 7.1.7. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ali bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.8. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
7.1.8.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdullah Al Thani 7.1.8.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdullah Al Thani 7.1.8.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdullah Al Thani 7.1.8.4. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Abdullah Al Thani 7.1.9. Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalifa bin Jassim Al Thani (1959) 7.1.9.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Khalifa Al Thani 7.1.9.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Khalifa Al Thani 7.1.9.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
Sultan bin Khalifa Al Thani 7.1.9.4. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Khalifa Al Thani 7.1.9.5. Sheikha
Sheikha
Najla bint Khalifa Al Thani 7.1.9.6. Sheikha
Sheikha
Reem bint Khalifa Al Thani 7.1.10. Sheikh
Sheikh
Salman Bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.10.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Salman Al Thani 7.1.10.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Salman Al Thani 7.1.10.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Salman Al Thani 7.1.11. Sheikh
Sheikh
Saud Bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.11.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Saud Al Thani 7.1.11.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Saud Al Thani 7.1.11.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Saud Al Thani 7.1.11.4. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Saud Al Thani 7.1.12. Sheikh
Sheikh
Sultan bin Jassim Al Thani, Married 7.1.13. Sheikh
Sheikh
Faysal bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.13.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? bin Faysal Al Thani 7.1.14. Sheikh
Sheikh
Hasan bin Jassim Al Thani 7.1.14.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
??? Hamid Mohammed 7.1.15. Sheikha
Sheikha
Noor bint Jassim Al Thani, Married 7.1.16. Sheikha
Sheikha
Rowdha bint Jassim Al Thani, Married to Abdullah bin Ahmad Bin Abdullah 7.1.17. Sheikha
Sheikha
Amna bint Jassim Al Thani, Married to Khalid bin Hamad bin Abdullah 7.1.18. Sheikha
Sheikha
Al-Anoud bint Jassim Al Thani, Married, with 2 sons and 2 daughters 7.1.19. Sheikha Tamather bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.20. Sheikha
Sheikha
Fatma bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.21. Sheikha
Sheikha
Muna bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.22. Sheikha Jawaher bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.23. Sheikha
Sheikha
Sheikha
Sheikha
bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.24. Sheikha
Sheikha
Maha bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.25. Sheikha Moneera bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.26. Sheikha
Sheikha
Khowla bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.27. Sheikha
Sheikha
Leena bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.28. Sheikha Loolwa bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.29. Sheikha
Sheikha
Mariam bint Jassim Al Thani 7.1.30. Sheikha
Sheikha
Noora bint Jassim Al Thani 8. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ghanim bin Jassim Al Thani (188?–1???) 9. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ali bin Jassim Al Thani II (1893–1972), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Umm Salal
Umm Salal
Ali 10. Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani II (18??–18?? Died young) 11. Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani III (1895-ca.1980), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Al Khiesa , Lusail
Lusail
, Rumeilah and Adba 12. Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdulaziz bin Jassim Al Thani (1896–1985), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Al Markhiya 13. Sheikh
Sheikh
Salman bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died during/soon after his birth) 14. Sheikh
Sheikh
Idris bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died during/soon after his birth) 15. Sheikh
Sheikh
Mubarak bin Jassim Al Thani (18??–18?? Died during/soon after his birth) 16. Sheikh
Sheikh
Salman bin Jassim Al Thani II (1899–1984), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Dukhan
Dukhan
17. Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasser bin Jassim Al Thani (190?–1978), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Nasiriya 18. Sheikh
Sheikh
Sultan bin Jassim Al Thani (190?–1976), Sheikh of Umm Al Amad 19. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Jassim Al Thani (190?–1995), Sheikh
Sheikh
of Al Khor
Al Khor
19.1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Khawar bin Ahmed Al Thani Emir
Emir
of Al Khor since 1996 19.1.1 Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Khawar Al Thani 19.1.2 Sheikha ??? bint Khawar Al Thani 19.1.3 Sheikha
Sheikha
??? bint Khawar Al Thani

*

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
(ca. 1825–1913) Founder of Modern Qatar
Qatar

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani - Defacto ruler

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Muhammed bin Jassim Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Mohammed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Saoud bin Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Thamir bin Mohammed bin Jassim Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Ghanim bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Thani bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdulrahman bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalid bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalifa bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Mubarak bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Musa'id bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Hassan bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Mansoor bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Falih bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Jabor bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Ali bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Saud bin Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikha
Sheikha
Fatima bint Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikha
Sheikha
Sarah bint Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikha
Sheikha
Loulwa bint Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikha
Sheikha
Hessa bint Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikha
Sheikha
Sheikha
Sheikha
bint Mohammed Al Thani * Sheikha
Sheikha
Noura bint Mohammed Al Thani

* Ali bin Jassim Al Thani

* Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
– Ruler

* Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani – Ruler

* Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
Emir
Emir

* Abdelaziz bin Ahmed Al Thani (1945–2008), ex-crown Prince (in-exile)

* Muhammed bin Ali Al Thani

* Abdullah bin Mohammed Al Thani (Sharjah) * Saud bin Muhammed Al Thani

* Hassan bin Abdullah Al Thani

* Sultan bin Hassan bin Abdullah Al Thani

* Abdulrahman bin Sultan bin Hassan Al Thani

* Sultan bin Abdulrahman Al Thani * Sara bint Abdulrahman Al Thani

* Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani – Crown Prince (died before his father)

* Ahmed bin Hamad Al Thani

* Saud bin Ahmed Al Thani , (born 1969) former Qatari footballer

* Jassim bin Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani

* Hamad bin Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani

* Abdelaziz bin Hamad Al Thani

* Saud bin Abdelaziz bin Hamad Al Thani

* Mohammed bin Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani

* Khalid bin Hamad Al Thani

* Abdullah bin Khalid Al Thani * Hamad bin Khalid Al Thani

* Suhaim bin Hamad Al Thani

* Hamad bin Suhaim Al Thani

* Jawaher bint Hamad Al Thani
Jawaher bint Hamad Al Thani

* Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani
Emir
Emir

* Abdelaziz bin Khalifa Al Thani * Abdullah bin Khalifah Al Thani

* Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
Emir
Emir
till 25 June 2013

* Mishaal bin Hamad Al Thani – Heir Apparent (till 1996) * Jasim bin Hamad Al Thani – Heir Apparent (till 2003) * Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani
Emir
Emir
from 25 June 2013 * Joaan bin Hamad Al Thani * Mohammed bin Hamad Al Thani * Khalid bin Hamad Al Thani * Abdullah bin Hamad Al Thani – Deputy Emir * Thani bin Hamad Al Thani

* Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani

* Jassim bin Fahad Al Thani * Saud bin Fahad Al Thani * Hassan bin Fahad Al Thani * Mubarak bin Fahad Al Thani * Faleh bin Fahad Al Thani * Nasser bin Fahad Al Thani

* Abdulrahman bin Jassim Al Thani

* Thani bin Jassim bin Muhammed Al Thani

* Muhammed bin Thani Al Thani

* Thamir bin Muhammed bin Thani Al Thani

* Hamad bin Thamir Al Thani

THE AHMED BIN MUHAMMED AL THANI BRANCH

1. Thani bin Mohammed 1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.2. Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani – Governor of Doha
Doha

*

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Muhammed Al Thani - Governor of Doha
Doha

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Saif bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Saif Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Saif bin Ahmed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalifa bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Nasser bin Khalifa Al Thani , Prime Minister and Interior Minister of Qatar
Qatar
(2013)

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasser bin Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Nasser bin Abdullah Al Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Khalid bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Khalid Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasser bin Khalid Al Thani , founder of Nasser bin Khalid Holdings

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Nawaf bin Nasser Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Ahmed bin Ahmed Al Thani

*

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Mubarak bin Ahmed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Ahmed Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Jabr bin Ahmed Al Thani

*

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasser bin Jabr Al Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Jaber Bin Nasser Al-Thani

* Sheikh
Sheikh
Hamad bin Ahmed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Nasser bin Ahmed Al Thani * Sheikh
Sheikh
Abdullah bin Ahmed Al Thani

THE FAHAD BIN MUHAMMED AL THANI BRANCH

1. Thani bin Mohammed 1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
Mohammed bin Thani
1.1.3. Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Muhammed Al Thani

THE JABER BIN MUHAMMED AL THANI BRANCH

1. Sheikh
Sheikh
Jabr bin Muhammed Al Thani (1878–1934) 1.2 Sheikh Muhammad bin Jabr Al Thani (1916–1983) 1.2.1 Sheikh
Sheikh
Jaber bin Muhammad Al Thani 1.2.1.1 Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani 1.2.1.1.1 Yousif bin Jassim Al Thani 1.2.1.1.2 Sheikh
Sheikh
Jabor bin Jassim Al Thani 1.2.1.1.4 Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Jassim Al Thani 1.2.1.1.5 Sheikh
Sheikh
Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani (1959), Foreign Minister of Qatar (1992-today), Prime Minister of Qatar
Qatar
(2007-today) retired (2013) 1.2.1.1.3.1 Sheikh
Sheikh
Jabor bin Hamad Al Thani 1.2.1.1.3.2 Sheikh
Sheikh
Jassim bin Hamad Al Thani 1.2.1.1.3.3 Sheikh
Sheikh
Mohammed bin Hamad Al Thani 1.2.1.1.3.4 Sheikh
Sheikh
Fahad bin Hamad Al Thani 1.2.1.1.3.5 Sheikh
Sheikh
Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani 1.2.1.1.3.6 Sheikh
Sheikh
Falah Bin Hamad Al Thani 1.2.1.1.6 Sheikh
Sheikh
Falah bin Jassim Al Thani 1.2.1.1.7 Mansoor bin Jassim Al Thani 1.2.1.1.8 Nawaf bin Jassim Al Thani

THE THAMIR BIN MUHAMMED AL BRANCH

1. Thani bin Mohammed 1.1. Mohammed bin Thani
Mohammed bin Tha