Hounslow (/ˈhaʊnzloʊ/) is a large commercial town and district in
west London, England, 11.1 miles (17.9 km) southwest of Charing
Cross. It is the administrative centre of the
London Borough of
Hounslow. It is identified as a major metropolitan centre in the
The town incorporates the villages and districts of
Heston and Cranford, which includes
London Heathrow Airport; North
Hyde, Norwood Green, Harlington, Hatton and Whitton (north).
Historically part of Middlesex, since 1965
Hounslow has been part of
London Borough of Hounslow, with parts in the
London Boroughs of
Hillingdon, Richmond upon Thames, and Ealing. Prior to this Hounslow
was part of the Municipal Borough of
Heston and Isleworth, from 1835
until 1965. Whitton was part of the Municipal Borough of Twickenham,
while Cranford was part of the
Hayes and Harlington Urban District
Hayes and Harlington Urban District and
Feltham Urban District. Additionally,
Norwood Green was part of the
Municipal Borough of Southall.
Hounslow has a large shopping centre which adjoins its high street and
a large number of restaurants, cafés and small businesses, many of
which are associated with product assembly, marketing,
London Heathrow Airport. It is connected to
London by rail and tube. The population at the 2011 census was
3 Shopping Facilities
5.1 Major Roads
5.2 East-west roads
5.3 North-south roads
5.4 Trains and Underground
5.5 Bus services
6 Staying in Hounslow
Hounslow Heath and other parks
9 Notable people
10 Demography and housing
13 See also
15 Further reading
16 External links
Hounslow is spelt in old records as 'Hundeslow' and similar,
pointing to Anglo-Saxon Hundes hlāw, meaning "the dog's mound" or
"the mound of a man named or nicknamed Hound".
Positioned on the Bath Road (where it forks to the
Staines Road at the
Hounslow was centred around Holy Trinity Priory founded in
1211. The priory developed what had been a small village into a
town with regular markets and other facilities for travellers heading
to and from London. Although the priory was dissolved in 1539 the town
remained an important staging post on the Bath Road. The adjacent
Hounslow Heath that had been used as a military encampment by both
Oliver Cromwell and James II developed a reputation as the haunt of
highwaymen and footpads. Nearby important landowners included those of
Osterley House, Syon House,
Hanworth Park House and Worton Hall.
In 1756 Sir Thomas Morris, a distant relative of Bernard Matthews,
established the base of his chicken farming empire. As a rich
philanthropist who started from humble beginnings, he used his wealth
to establish a school for the under privileged children of the town,
believing every child had the right to education.
The building of the
Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway line from
London to Bristol
from 1838 reduced long-distance travel along the Bath Road. By 1842
the local paper was reporting that the 'formerly flourishing village',
which used to stable 2,000 horses, was suffering a 'general
depreciation of property'. The
Hounslow Loop Line was constructed
in 1850, prompting new development.
One of the earliest surviving houses in the town is The Lawn, in front
of the Civic Centre with its public tennis courts, in brown brick
with three double-hung sash windows set back in reveals with flat
arches, roof with parapet and porch of fluted doric columns,
pilasters, entablature and semi-circular traceried fanlight.
The construction of the Great West Road (a revival of an earlier name
for the Bath Road as a by-pass for it around the north of Brentford,
Hounslow centres) in the 1920s attracted the building of
the factories and headquarters of large companies. The factories were
a great local source of employment until a decline in the 1970s,
attracting workers from a wide area and leading to a great deal of
housing development. In the next two decades offices largely replaced
factories on the Great West Road and further expansion in hotel and
housing stock has taken place, an example being the Blenheim Centre,
an image of which is in the gallery section below.
Hounslow Town Centre is a busy predominantly retail centre, with a
small number of commercial offices and civic buildings. There is a
large shopping centre "The Treaty Shopping Centre" containing
Debenhams and large branches of chain stores found in many British
high streets. It includes a food court along with over 50 shops. There
is a large ASDA superstore located within the Blenheim Centre complex
along with B&M, a local health centre, the gym and Jungle V.I.P (a
children's indoor play area).
Hounslow High Street Quarter boasts a 27-storey residential
tower along with famous shops such as Prezzo, Pizza Express, Five
guys, TGI Fridays and many others. It also includes a 10 screen
Hounslow is an economic hub within the west of the capital city; it
has a large shopping centre which adjoins its high street and a large
number of restaurants, cafés and small businesses, many of which
are associated with product assembly, marketing, telecommunications
London Heathrow Airport, which has a large number of businesses
and public sector jobs in and around it to which the local population
commute. The settlement is also partially employed in the Commuter
Belt with access between 45 and 60 minutes from most of Central
DHL Air UK
DHL Air UK has its head office in the Orbital Park in Hounslow.
Boeing 747-400 on approach to
London Heathrow 27L runway.
There are three major roads in Hounslow. The east-west roads the A4
'Great West Road' and the 'Bath Road' that connects
London and Slough, and the A30 'Great South West Road' that
connects it to Staines-upon-Thames, which meet at Henlys Roundabout in
Hounslow West. There is also the north-south road the A312 'The
Causeway' and 'The Parkway' which connects
Hounslow to Hampton in the
south and Harrow to the north.
Additionally, A and B roads in
Hounslow include the A314 'Hanworth
Road' that starts in
Hounslow and finishes is Hanworth, Feltham. The
historic A315 '
London Road', '
Hounslow High Street', '
'Grove Road' and '
Staines Road'; which starts in Central
to Bedfont, Feltham. In doing this is connects
Hounslow to towns and
districts such as Kensington, Hammersmith, Chiswick,
The A4 Great West Road joins with the A3006 Bath Road (from the A315)
before Henlys Roundabout which is in
Hounslow West from which a WNW
London Heathrow Airport, terminals 1 to 3 and terminal 5
as the Bath Road and a WSW route, the A30, passes terminal 4, bypasses
Staines and reaches the M25; the remainder is a mostly-minor route to
Land's End, Cornwall.
M4 motorway is 2& mi north; its nearest junction, J3, being
northwest along the A312.
The A315 is the historic WSW road out of
London on which Hounslow's
High Street is placed. To the east, it bisects Isleworth, Brentford
and Chiswick. To the west it bisects North
joining the A30.
The north-south A312, The Parkway, to the west of
Hounslow leads south
to Hampton or north to Harrow passing Waggoners' Roundabout (WNW of
Henlys Roundabout in
Hounslow West), Hayes,
Yeading and Northolt.
Three minor roads converge on
Heston from the A315 in parts of
Hounslow, the A3063, A3005 and B363. The single road re-divides just
Norwood Green into a northwest road to
Southall (the A3005)
and into the A4127 that passes by Hanwell, briefly using the A4020
west before bypassing Dormers Wells, passing
Greenford to reach
Sudbury, the town immediately to the west of
Wembley and North
For longer journeys north, the M4, A4 or A30 then M25 provides the
best routes. For longer journeys south,
Hanworth Road leads to the
A316 that becomes the M3 motorway.
Trains and Underground
Hounslow Central Underground station
London Underground stations in the town are (from towards central
London to Heathrow);
Hatton Cross, Heathrow Terminals 1,2 and 3, Heathrow Terminal 4 and
Heathrow Terminal 5. The stations are all on the Piccadilly Line.
There have been calls to reintroduce the District Line services to
Hounslow with much of South and North East London.
Hounslow railway station, operated by
South West Trains
South West Trains is on the
railway line to
London Waterloo station, or westwards to Reading,
Weybridge or to Windsor. The railway line also offers services on the
Hounslow Loop Line, opened 1850, further around the loop to Twickenham
and Richmond. It is situated a fair distance from the town centre
and is used far less than the tube stations.
London buses confined to
Hounslow bus station during the 2009 snowfall
There is a large bus garage (coded AV), with adjoining bus station
next to the high street. In 1962, as a result of the final stage of
London trolleybus programme of conversion to motor bus operation
Isleworth Depot was closed, the staff from that depot (coded IH)
were transferred to
Hounslow Garage. The property is owned by the RATP
Group, which took it over with the purchase of
London United from
Transdev. In addition to its frequent and regular daytime services
throughout the surrounding areas
Hounslow figures on the N9 night
service from Heathrow to Central London.
Hounslow Heath Aerodrome was a grass airfield, operational
1914–1920. It was in the
London borough of Hounslow, and in 1919 was
the location from which the first scheduled daily international
commercial air services took place.
Staying in Hounslow
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Owing to its proximity to Heathrow and the ease of access into Central
Hounslow has developed a number of new hotels – some
converted from former office buildings. A greater number of large
hotels exist by Heathrow, on the A4 Bath Road; these are mentioned in
London Heathrow Airport/Harlington.
Hounslow Heath and other parks
Hounslow Heath is a large public open space and local nature reserve
to the west of Hounslow, a
London borough. It now covers about 200
acres (80 ha), the residue of the historic
Hounslow Heath that
covered over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha).
The Heath has major historical importance: routes from
London to the
west and southwest of Britain used to pass through it.
the northern boundary of the present Heath, was the Roman Road,
Trinobantes. There are several historic references to Roman camps on
or close to the Heath. Continuous recorded history dates back to
Norman times. It gave its name to the former hamlet of Heathrow.
Hounslow has a very high immigration rate. According to the 2011
Census, more than 50% of
Hounslow residents are born outside of the
A printed programme dated 7 July 1935 suggests that there may have
been motor cycle speedway racing at a venue in Dockwell Lane branded
Hounslow Speedway. The best information suggests that more than one
meeting was staged in conjunction with the
Hounslow Motor Cycle and
Car Club. The
Irish Guards GAA
Irish Guards GAA club are based in Houslow.
Dave Cousins, singer, songwriter, leader of the Strawbs, was born in
Mathangi "Maya" Arulpragasam, better known as M.I.A., English-Sri
Lankan musician and visual artist, was born in Hounslow.
Singer-songwriter and Genesis drummer
Phil Collins was born and raised
Elvis Costello attended Archbishop Myers' Secondary
School (now St Mark's Catholic School)
Singer-songwriter, model and occasional DJ
Sophie Ellis-Bextor was
born in Hounslow
Cyril Cusack (1910–1993), actor, lived in
Hounslow at the time of
Mo Farah, Olympic 10,000 m and 5,000 m gold medalist, lived
Ian Gillan, vocalist of rock band Deep Purple, was born in Hounslow.
Gustavus Green (1865–1964), aircraft engine pioneer, was born in
Charles Hawtrey (1914–1988), Carry On film legend, was born in
Patsy Kensit lived in
Hounslow during her teenage years.
Francis Maddison (1927–2006), historian, was born and educated in
Bill Mason, Olympic rower and coach of Imperial College
team, lives in Hounslow.
Ian McLagan, keyboardist of the
Small Faces and Faces, was born and
raised in Hounslow.
Father Ted actor
Dermot Morgan (1952–1998) lived in
Hounslow at the
time of his death.
Alistair Overeem, mixed martial arts champion, was born in Hounslow.
Katherine Parkinson, actress
Sir Alec Reed, founder of the REED employment agency, was born in
Cyril Vosper (1935–2004), adherent then critic of Scientology, was
born in Hounslow.
Maria Whittaker, 1980s
Page Three girl, was born in Hounslow.
Jack Wild (1952–2006),
Artful Dodger in the film Oliver! and
star of H.R. Pufnstuf, grew up in Hounslow.
Violet Englefield, actress and singer, was born in Hounslow.
Kunal Nayyar, actor, was born in
Hounslow but moved to India at a
Demography and housing
2011 Census Homes
Flats and apartments
Shared between households
2011 Census Households
% Owned outright
% Owned with a loan
Hounslow is twinned with the following settlements around the world:
London Borough of Hounslow
London Borough of Hounslow also has a sister district agreement
with Leningradsky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.
Hounslow Railway Station
Holy Trinity Church before renovation of
Hounslow High Street
Hounslow East tube station
Rear of the Treaty centre
(Across Harlington) Hayes
(Across Heston) Southall
List of people from Hounslow
List of schools in Hounslow
^ Daniel Lysons, 'Heston', The Environs of London: volume 3: County of
Middlesex (1795:22–45): accessed 6 August 2010.
^ Quoted in Acworth, WM 'The Railways in 1843' in Morgan, B (1963)
Railway Lover's Companion, Eyre & Spottiswoode, P90
^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1079602)".
National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 June 2012. The
similar example of 44–50 Bath Road: also in brown brick and as is
sometimes seen, has been painted.
^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1080312)".
National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 June 2012. The
^ Restaurants guide Squaremeal.co.uk Retrieved 2013-12-24
^ "Online Shipping." DHL Air UK. Retrieved on 23 April 2014. "DHL
International (UK) Limited Registered Office: Orbital Park, 178-188
Great South West Road, Hounslow,
Middlesex TW4 6JS"
^ "Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow". Google Maps. Retrieved 26 March
^ Grid square map
Ordnance survey website
^ "Not one more night: Singer
Phil Collins announces his retirement".
London: Dailymail.co.uk. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
^ Turnbull, Simon (12 August 2012). "Magical
Mo Farah races into land
of legends during
London 2012". Independent.co.uk. Retrieved 16 August
^ a b Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density 2011 census
Office for National Statistics
^ a b c d Cumber, Robert (2010-12-17). "Council to revive links with
Palestinian town". Hounslow,
Heston & Whitton Chronicle. Archived
from the original on 2010-12-23.
James Thorne (1876), "Hounslow", Handbook to the Environs of London,
London: John Murray
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Hounslow Online – www.hounslowtw3.net Hounslow's local community
Community Guide to
Hounslow – www.activhounslow.com Hounslow's
London Borough of Hounslow
Griffin Park football stadium
Gunnersbury Park and Museum
London Museum of Water & Steam
Musical Museum, Brentford
Osterley Park and House (NT)
Watermans Arts Centre
Parks and open spaces
Boston Manor Park
Pevensey Road Nature Reserve
Brentford and Isleworth
Feltham and Heston
Barnes Railway Bridge
Kew Railway Bridge
Tube and rail stations
Places of worship
All Saints, Hanworth
All Saints, Isleworth
Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God and the Holy Royal
Christ Church, Feltham
Christ Church, Turnham Green
Our Lady & St Christopher, Cranford
Our Lady of Grace & St Edward, Chiswick
Our Lady of Sorrows & St Bridget, Isleworth
Our Lady Queen of the Apostles, Heston
Good Shepherd, Hounslow
Holy Trinity, Hounslow
St Dunstan, Cranford
St Dunstan, Feltham
St Faith, Brentford
St Francis of Assisi, Isleworth
St George, Hanworth
St John the Baptist, Isleworth
St John the Evangelist, Brentford
St Joseph, Grove Park
St Lawrence, Feltham
St Leonard, Heston
St Mary, Bedfont
St Mary, Osterley
St Michael, Chiswick
St Michael and All Angels, Bedford Park
St Michael and St Martin, Hounslow
St Nicholas, Chiswick
St Paul, Brentford
St Paul, Grove Park
St Paul, Hounslow
St Vincent de Paul, Osterley
Grade I and II* listed buildings
Areas of London
Central activities zone
Holloway Nags Head
Kensington High Street
King's Road East
Elephant and Castle
Isle of Dogs
Lists of areas
Barking and Dagenham
Hammersmith and Fulham
Kensington and Chelsea
Kingston upon Thames
Richmond upon Thames
Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap)
Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap)
Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series)
London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel)
Walford (borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)
London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network –