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Hounslow
Hounslow
(/ˈhaʊnzloʊ/) is a large commercial town and district in west London, England, 11.1 miles (17.9 km) southwest of Charing Cross. It is the administrative centre of the London
London
Borough of Hounslow. It is identified as a major metropolitan centre in the London
London
Plan. The town incorporates the villages and districts of Hounslow
Hounslow
West, Heston
Heston
and Cranford, which includes London
London
Heathrow Airport; North Hyde, Norwood Green, Harlington, Hatton and Whitton (north). Historically part of Middlesex, since 1965 Hounslow
Hounslow
has been part of the London
London
Borough of Hounslow, with parts in the London
London
Boroughs of Hillingdon, Richmond upon Thames, and Ealing. Prior to this Hounslow was part of the Municipal Borough of Heston
Heston
and Isleworth, from 1835 until 1965. Whitton was part of the Municipal Borough of Twickenham, while Cranford was part of the Hayes and Harlington Urban District
Hayes and Harlington Urban District
and Feltham
Feltham
Urban District. Additionally, Norwood Green
Norwood Green
was part of the Municipal Borough of Southall. Hounslow
Hounslow
has a large shopping centre which adjoins its high street and a large number of restaurants, cafés and small businesses, many of which are associated with product assembly, marketing, telecommunications and London
London
Heathrow Airport. It is connected to Central London
London
by rail and tube. The population at the 2011 census was 66,292 .

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Shopping Facilities 4 Economy 5 Transport

5.1 Major Roads 5.2 East-west roads 5.3 North-south roads 5.4 Trains and Underground 5.5 Bus services

6 Staying in Hounslow 7 Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
and other parks 8 Sport 9 Notable people 10 Demography and housing 11 Twinning 12 Gallery 13 See also 14 References 15 Further reading 16 External links

Etymology[edit] The name Hounslow
Hounslow
is spelt in old records as 'Hundeslow' and similar, pointing to Anglo-Saxon Hundes hlāw, meaning "the dog's mound" or "the mound of a man named or nicknamed Hound". History[edit] Positioned on the Bath Road (where it forks to the Staines
Staines
Road at the Bell Inn), Hounslow
Hounslow
was centred around Holy Trinity Priory founded in 1211.[1] The priory developed what had been a small village into a town with regular markets and other facilities for travellers heading to and from London. Although the priory was dissolved in 1539 the town remained an important staging post on the Bath Road. The adjacent Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
that had been used as a military encampment by both Oliver Cromwell
Oliver Cromwell
and James II developed a reputation as the haunt of highwaymen and footpads. Nearby important landowners included those of Osterley
Osterley
House, Syon House, Hanworth Park
Hanworth Park
House and Worton Hall. In 1756 Sir Thomas Morris, a distant relative of Bernard Matthews, established the base of his chicken farming empire. As a rich philanthropist who started from humble beginnings, he used his wealth to establish a school for the under privileged children of the town, believing every child had the right to education. The building of the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
line from London
London
to Bristol from 1838 reduced long-distance travel along the Bath Road. By 1842 the local paper was reporting that the 'formerly flourishing village', which used to stable 2,000 horses, was suffering a 'general depreciation of property'.[2] The Hounslow Loop Line was constructed in 1850, prompting new development. One of the earliest surviving houses in the town is The Lawn, in front of the Civic Centre with its public tennis courts, in brown brick[3] with three double-hung sash windows set back in reveals with flat arches, roof with parapet and porch of fluted doric columns, pilasters, entablature and semi-circular traceried fanlight.[4] The construction of the Great West Road (a revival of an earlier name for the Bath Road as a by-pass for it around the north of Brentford, Isleworth
Isleworth
and Hounslow
Hounslow
centres) in the 1920s attracted the building of the factories and headquarters of large companies. The factories were a great local source of employment until a decline in the 1970s, attracting workers from a wide area and leading to a great deal of housing development. In the next two decades offices largely replaced factories on the Great West Road and further expansion in hotel and housing stock has taken place, an example being the Blenheim Centre, an image of which is in the gallery section below. Shopping Facilities[edit] Hounslow
Hounslow
Town Centre is a busy predominantly retail centre, with a small number of commercial offices and civic buildings. There is a large shopping centre "The Treaty Shopping Centre" containing Debenhams
Debenhams
and large branches of chain stores found in many British high streets. It includes a food court along with over 50 shops. There is a large ASDA superstore located within the Blenheim Centre complex along with B&M, a local health centre, the gym and Jungle V.I.P (a children's indoor play area). The new Hounslow
Hounslow
High Street Quarter boasts a 27-storey residential tower along with famous shops such as Prezzo, Pizza Express, Five guys, TGI Fridays and many others. It also includes a 10 screen multiplex Cineworld
Cineworld
cinema. Economy[edit] Hounslow
Hounslow
is an economic hub within the west of the capital city; it has a large shopping centre which adjoins its high street and a large number of restaurants, cafés and small businesses,[5] many of which are associated with product assembly, marketing, telecommunications and London
London
Heathrow Airport, which has a large number of businesses and public sector jobs in and around it to which the local population commute. The settlement is also partially employed in the Commuter Belt with access between 45 and 60 minutes from most of Central London. DHL Air UK
DHL Air UK
has its head office in the Orbital Park in Hounslow.[6] Transport[edit]

A Qantas
Qantas
Boeing 747-400
Boeing 747-400
on approach to London
London
Heathrow 27L runway.[7]

Major Roads[edit] There are three major roads in Hounslow. The east-west roads the A4 'Great West Road' and the 'Bath Road' that connects Hounslow
Hounslow
to Central London
London
and Slough, and the A30 'Great South West Road' that connects it to Staines-upon-Thames, which meet at Henlys Roundabout in Hounslow
Hounslow
West. There is also the north-south road the A312 'The Causeway' and 'The Parkway' which connects Hounslow
Hounslow
to Hampton in the south and Harrow to the north. Additionally, A and B roads in Hounslow
Hounslow
include the A314 'Hanworth Road' that starts in Hounslow
Hounslow
and finishes is Hanworth, Feltham. The historic A315 ' London
London
Road', ' Hounslow
Hounslow
High Street', ' Hanworth
Hanworth
Road', 'Grove Road' and ' Staines
Staines
Road'; which starts in Central London
London
down to Bedfont, Feltham. In doing this is connects Hounslow
Hounslow
to towns and districts such as Kensington, Hammersmith, Chiswick, Brentford
Brentford
and Isleworth. East-west roads[edit] The A4 Great West Road joins with the A3006 Bath Road (from the A315) before Henlys Roundabout which is in Hounslow West
Hounslow West
from which a WNW route passes London
London
Heathrow Airport, terminals 1 to 3 and terminal 5 as the Bath Road and a WSW route, the A30, passes terminal 4, bypasses Staines
Staines
and reaches the M25; the remainder is a mostly-minor route to Land's End, Cornwall. The M4 motorway
M4 motorway
is 2& mi north; its nearest junction, J3, being northwest along the A312. The A315 is the historic WSW road out of London
London
on which Hounslow's High Street is placed. To the east, it bisects Isleworth, Brentford and Chiswick. To the west it bisects North Feltham
Feltham
and Bedfont
Bedfont
before joining the A30. North-south roads[edit] The north-south A312, The Parkway, to the west of Hounslow
Hounslow
leads south to Hampton or north to Harrow passing Waggoners' Roundabout (WNW of Henlys Roundabout in Hounslow
Hounslow
West), Hayes, Yeading
Yeading
and Northolt. Three minor roads converge on Heston
Heston
from the A315 in parts of Hounslow, the A3063, A3005 and B363. The single road re-divides just north in Norwood Green
Norwood Green
into a northwest road to Southall
Southall
(the A3005) and into the A4127 that passes by Hanwell, briefly using the A4020 west before bypassing Dormers Wells, passing Greenford
Greenford
to reach Sudbury, the town immediately to the west of Wembley
Wembley
and North Wembley. For longer journeys north, the M4, A4 or A30 then M25 provides the best routes. For longer journeys south, Hanworth
Hanworth
Road leads to the A316 that becomes the M3 motorway. Trains and Underground[edit]

Hounslow
Hounslow
Central Underground station

London
London
Underground stations in the town are (from towards central London
London
to Heathrow); Hounslow
Hounslow
East, Hounslow
Hounslow
Central, Hounslow
Hounslow
West, Hatton Cross, Heathrow Terminals 1,2 and 3, Heathrow Terminal 4 and Heathrow Terminal 5. The stations are all on the Piccadilly Line. There have been calls to reintroduce the District Line services to connect Hounslow
Hounslow
with much of South and North East London. Hounslow
Hounslow
railway station, operated by South West Trains
South West Trains
is on the railway line to London
London
Waterloo station, or westwards to Reading, Weybridge
Weybridge
or to Windsor. The railway line also offers services on the Hounslow
Hounslow
Loop Line, opened 1850, further around the loop to Twickenham and Richmond.[8] It is situated a fair distance from the town centre and is used far less than the tube stations. Bus services[edit]

London
London
buses confined to Hounslow
Hounslow
bus station during the 2009 snowfall

There is a large bus garage (coded AV), with adjoining bus station next to the high street. In 1962, as a result of the final stage of the London
London
trolleybus programme of conversion to motor bus operation when Isleworth
Isleworth
Depot was closed, the staff from that depot (coded IH) were transferred to Hounslow
Hounslow
Garage. The property is owned by the RATP Group, which took it over with the purchase of London
London
United from Transdev. In addition to its frequent and regular daytime services throughout the surrounding areas Hounslow
Hounslow
figures on the N9 night service from Heathrow to Central London. Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
Aerodrome was a grass airfield, operational 1914–1920. It was in the London
London
borough of Hounslow, and in 1919 was the location from which the first scheduled daily international commercial air services took place. Staying in Hounslow[edit]

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Owing to its proximity to Heathrow and the ease of access into Central London, central Hounslow
Hounslow
has developed a number of new hotels – some converted from former office buildings. A greater number of large hotels exist by Heathrow, on the A4 Bath Road; these are mentioned in London
London
Heathrow Airport/Harlington. Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
and other parks[edit] Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
is a large public open space and local nature reserve to the west of Hounslow, a London
London
borough. It now covers about 200 acres (80 ha), the residue of the historic Hounslow Heath
Hounslow Heath
that covered over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha). The Heath has major historical importance: routes from London
London
to the west and southwest of Britain used to pass through it. Staines
Staines
Road, the northern boundary of the present Heath, was the Roman Road, Trinobantes. There are several historic references to Roman camps on or close to the Heath. Continuous recorded history dates back to Norman times. It gave its name to the former hamlet of Heathrow. Hounslow
Hounslow
has a very high immigration rate. According to the 2011 Census, more than 50% of Hounslow
Hounslow
residents are born outside of the UK. Sport[edit] A printed programme dated 7 July 1935 suggests that there may have been motor cycle speedway racing at a venue in Dockwell Lane branded as Hounslow
Hounslow
Speedway. The best information suggests that more than one meeting was staged in conjunction with the Hounslow
Hounslow
Motor Cycle and Car Club. The Irish Guards GAA
Irish Guards GAA
club are based in Houslow. Notable people[edit]

Dave Cousins, singer, songwriter, leader of the Strawbs, was born in Hounslow. Mathangi "Maya" Arulpragasam, better known as M.I.A., English-Sri Lankan musician and visual artist, was born in Hounslow. Singer-songwriter and Genesis drummer Phil Collins
Phil Collins
was born and raised in Hounslow[9] Singer-songwriter Elvis Costello
Elvis Costello
attended Archbishop Myers' Secondary School (now St Mark's Catholic School) Singer-songwriter, model and occasional DJ Sophie Ellis-Bextor
Sophie Ellis-Bextor
was born in Hounslow Cyril Cusack
Cyril Cusack
(1910–1993), actor, lived in Hounslow
Hounslow
at the time of his death. Mo Farah, Olympic 10,000 m and 5,000 m gold medalist, lived in Hounslow.[10] Ian Gillan, vocalist of rock band Deep Purple, was born in Hounslow. Gustavus Green (1865–1964), aircraft engine pioneer, was born in Hounslow. Charles Hawtrey (1914–1988), Carry On film legend, was born in Hounslow. Actress Patsy Kensit
Patsy Kensit
lived in Hounslow
Hounslow
during her teenage years. Francis Maddison
Francis Maddison
(1927–2006), historian, was born and educated in Hounslow. Bill Mason, Olympic rower and coach of Imperial College London
London
rowing team, lives in Hounslow. Ian McLagan, keyboardist of the Small Faces
Small Faces
and Faces, was born and raised in Hounslow. Father Ted
Father Ted
actor Dermot Morgan
Dermot Morgan
(1952–1998) lived in Hounslow
Hounslow
at the time of his death. Alistair Overeem, mixed martial arts champion, was born in Hounslow. Katherine Parkinson, actress Sir Alec Reed, founder of the REED employment agency, was born in Hounslow. Cyril Vosper (1935–2004), adherent then critic of Scientology, was born in Hounslow. Maria Whittaker, 1980s Page Three girl, was born in Hounslow. Actor Jack Wild
Jack Wild
(1952–2006), Artful Dodger
Artful Dodger
in the film Oliver! and star of H.R. Pufnstuf, grew up in Hounslow. Violet Englefield, actress and singer, was born in Hounslow. Kunal Nayyar, actor, was born in Hounslow
Hounslow
but moved to India at a young age.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes

Ward Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes Shared between households[11]

Hounslow
Hounslow
Central 257 1,455 930 2,687 3 52

Hounslow
Hounslow
Heath 285 1,522 1,128 1,886 7 87

Hounslow
Hounslow
South 223 2,155 967 588 0 11

Hounslow
Hounslow
West 248 1,526 799 1,344 5 23

2011 Census Households

Ward Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[11]

Hounslow
Hounslow
Central 15,169 5,384 19 19 174

Hounslow
Hounslow
Heath 14,727 4,915 17 27 279

Hounslow
Hounslow
South 11,408 3,944 33 42 179

Hounslow
Hounslow
West 12,658 3,945 23 24 162

Twinning[edit] Hounslow
Hounslow
is twinned with the following settlements around the world:

Issy-les-Moulineaux, France[12] Lahore, Pakistan[12] Ramallah, Palestine[12]

The London Borough of Hounslow
London Borough of Hounslow
also has a sister district agreement with Leningradsky District in Krasnodar Krai, Russia.[12] Gallery[edit]

Hounslow
Hounslow
Railway Station

Blenheim centre

Holy Trinity Church before renovation of Hounslow
Hounslow
High Street

Hounslow
Hounslow
East tube station

Rear of the Treaty centre

See also[edit]

London
London
portal

Nearest Settlements

(Across Harlington) Hayes (Across Heston) Southall Osterley, Isleworth

Hatton

Hounslow

Isleworth

Feltham Hanworth Whitton Hanworth Twickenham

List of people from Hounslow List of schools in Hounslow

References[edit]

Notes

^ Daniel Lysons, 'Heston', The Environs of London: volume 3: County of Middlesex
Middlesex
(1795:22–45): accessed 6 August 2010. ^ Quoted in Acworth, WM 'The Railways in 1843' in Morgan, B (1963) Railway Lover's Companion, Eyre & Spottiswoode, P90 ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1079602)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 June 2012.  The similar example of 44–50 Bath Road: also in brown brick and as is sometimes seen, has been painted. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1080312)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 24 June 2012.  The Lawn ^ Restaurants guide Squaremeal.co.uk Retrieved 2013-12-24 ^ "Online Shipping." DHL Air UK. Retrieved on 23 April 2014. "DHL International (UK) Limited Registered Office: Orbital Park, 178-188 Great South West Road, Hounslow, Middlesex
Middlesex
TW4 6JS" ^ "Myrtle Avenue, Hounslow". Google Maps. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ Grid square map Ordnance survey
Ordnance survey
website ^ "Not one more night: Singer Phil Collins
Phil Collins
announces his retirement". London: Dailymail.co.uk. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2012.  ^ Turnbull, Simon (12 August 2012). "Magical Mo Farah
Mo Farah
races into land of legends during London
London
2012". Independent.co.uk. Retrieved 16 August 2012.  ^ a b Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density 2011 census Office for National Statistics ^ a b c d Cumber, Robert (2010-12-17). "Council to revive links with Palestinian town". Hounslow, Heston
Heston
& Whitton Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2010-12-23. 

Further reading[edit]

James Thorne (1876), "Hounslow", Handbook to the Environs of London, London: John Murray 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hounslow
Hounslow
(town).

Hounslow
Hounslow
Online – www.hounslowtw3.net Hounslow's local community website Community Guide to Hounslow
Hounslow
– www.activhounslow.com Hounslow's online guide History of Hounslow
Hounslow
town

v t e

London
London
Borough of Hounslow

Districts

Acton Ashford Bedfont Brentford Chiswick Cranford Ealing Feltham Fulwell Gunnersbury Hammersmith Hampton Hampton Hill Hampton Court Hampton Wick Hanwell Hanworth Hatton Hayes Heston Hounslow Hounslow
Hounslow
West Isleworth Lampton Lower Feltham North Feltham North Hyde Norwood Green Osterley South Acton South Ealing Southall Strawberry Hill St Margarets Teddington Twickenham Whitton

Attractions

Boston Manor Chiswick
Chiswick
House Fuller's Brewery Griffin Park
Griffin Park
football stadium Gunnersbury
Gunnersbury
Park and Museum Hogarth's House Holland Gardens London
London
Museum of Water & Steam Musical Museum, Brentford Osterley
Osterley
Park and House (NT) Syon House Tabard Theatre Watermans Arts Centre

Parks and open spaces

Bedfont
Bedfont
Green Bedfont
Bedfont
Lakes Boston Manor
Boston Manor
Park Crane Park Duke's Hollow Duke's Meadows Gunnersbury
Gunnersbury
Park Hanworth
Hanworth
Park Hounslow
Hounslow
Heath Inwood Park Lampton
Lampton
Park Osterley
Osterley
Park Pevensey Road Nature Reserve Syon Park Turnham Green

Constituencies

Brentford
Brentford
and Isleworth Feltham
Feltham
and Heston

Bridges

Barnes Railway Bridge Chiswick
Chiswick
Bridge Kew
Kew
Bridge Kew
Kew
Railway Bridge

Tube and rail stations

Acton Town Boston Manor Brentford Chiswick Feltham Gunnersbury Hounslow Hounslow
Hounslow
Central Hounslow
Hounslow
East Hounslow
Hounslow
West Isleworth Kew
Kew
Bridge Northfields Osterley South Acton South Ealing Stamford Brook Syon Lane Turnham Green

Places of worship

All Saints, Hanworth All Saints, Isleworth Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God and the Holy Royal Martyrs Christ Church, Feltham Christ Church, Turnham Green Our Lady & St Christopher, Cranford Our Lady of Grace & St Edward, Chiswick Our Lady of Sorrows & St Bridget, Isleworth Our Lady Queen of the Apostles, Heston Good Shepherd, Hounslow Holy Trinity, Hounslow St Dunstan, Cranford St Dunstan, Feltham St Faith, Brentford St Francis of Assisi, Isleworth St George, Hanworth St John the Baptist, Isleworth St John the Evangelist, Brentford St Joseph, Grove Park St Lawrence, Feltham St Leonard, Heston St Mary, Bedfont St Mary, Osterley St Michael, Chiswick St Michael and All Angels, Bedford Park St Michael and St Martin, Hounslow St Nicholas, Chiswick St Paul, Brentford St Paul, Grove Park St Paul, Hounslow St Vincent de Paul, Osterley

Other topics

Council Grade I and II* listed buildings People Public art Schools

v t e

Areas of London

Central activities zone

Bloomsbury City of London
London
wards Holborn Marylebone Mayfair Paddington Pimlico Soho Southwark Vauxhall Waterloo Westminster

Town centre network

International

Belgravia Knightsbridge West End

Metropolitan

Bromley Croydon Ealing Harrow Hounslow Ilford Kingston Romford Shepherd's Bush Stratford Sutton Uxbridge Wood Green

Major

Angel Barking Bexleyheath Brixton Camden Town Canary Wharf Catford Chiswick Clapham
Clapham
Junction Dalston East Ham Edgware Eltham Enfield Town Fulham Hammersmith Holloway Nags Head Kensington High Street Kilburn King's Road
King's Road
East Lewisham Orpington Peckham Putney Queensway/Westbourne Grove Richmond Southall Streatham Tooting Walthamstow Wandsworth Wembley Whitechapel Wimbledon Woolwich

Districts (principal)

Acton Beckenham Bethnal Green Brentford Camberwell Canada Water Carshalton Chadwell Heath Chingford Clapham Crystal Palace Coulsdon Cricklewood Dagenham Deptford Dulwich Edmonton Elephant and Castle Erith Feltham Finchley Forest Gate Forest Hill Golders Green Greenwich Harlesden Hampstead Harringay Hayes (Hillingdon) Hendon Hornchurch Kentish Town Leyton Mill Hill Mitcham Morden Muswell Hill New Cross New Malden Northwood Notting Hill Penge Pinner Purley Ruislip Sidcup Southgate South Norwood Stanmore Stoke Newington Surbiton Sydenham Teddington Thamesmead Tolworth Tulse Hill Twickenham Upminster Upper Norwood Wanstead Wealdstone Welling West Ham West Hampstead West Norwood Willesden
Willesden
Green Woodford

Neighbourhoods (principal)

Abbey Wood Alperton Anerley Barnes Barnsbury Battersea Beckton Bedford Park Bermondsey Bow Brent Cross Brockley Canonbury Charlton Chelsea Chessington Chipping Barnet Chislehurst Clerkenwell Elmers End Gidea Park Greenford Gunnersbury Hackbridge Hackney Ham Hampton Hanwell Hanworth Harold Wood Highams Park Highbury Highgate Hillingdon Hook Holloway Hoxton Ickenham Isle of Dogs Isleworth Islington Kensal Green Kew Lambeth Manor Park Mortlake Neasden Northolt Nunhead Plaistow (Newham) Poplar Roehampton Rotherhithe Seven Kings Seven Sisters Shoreditch Stamford Hill Stepney St Helier Surrey Quays Tottenham Upper Clapton Walworth Wapping West Drayton Worcester Park Yiewsley

Lists of areas by borough

Barking
Barking
and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith
Hammersmith
and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston upon Thames Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond upon Thames Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth Westminster

Fictional

Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap) Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap) Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series) London
London
Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel) Walford
Walford
(borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)

The London
London
Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network – Greate

.