Hazaribagh (also spelled Hazaribag) is a city and a municipality in
Hazaribagh district in the Indian state of Jharkhand. It is the
divisional headquarters of North Chotanagpur division. It is famous as
a health resort and for
Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary
Hazaribag Wildlife Sanctuary (17 km from
city). It is represented in the Indian
Lok Sabha by its Member of
Parliament Jayant Sinha.
2.1 Travelling times
3.2 Early Bengali settlers
5.1 B.Ed Colleges
5.2 General Colleges
5.3 Inter Colleges
10 Notable residents
11 Nearby places
12 See also
14 External links
The word 'Hazaribagh' is made of two Persian words: Hazar meaning 'one
thousand' and bagh meaning 'garden'. Hence the meaning of Hazaribagh
is 'city of a thousand gardens'. According to Sir John Houlton,
however, the town takes its name from the small villages of
Hazari – shown on old maps as Ocunhazry. The last syllable in its
name probably originated from a mango grove which formed a camping
ground for troops and travelers marching along a military road from
Kolkata to Varanasi, constructed in 1782 and the following years. The
Grand Trunk Road
Grand Trunk Road subsequently replaced this military road in the
mid-9th century,[verification needed] but the layout differed at
places, particularly around Hazaribagh. A dilapidated watch tower
meant to guard the military road is still visible on Tower Hill, near
Konar River, a tributary of Damodar River, flows past the town.
Hazaribagh has been a thick forest earlier and is still surrounded by
The nearest airport is
Birsa Munda Airport
Birsa Munda Airport Ranchi, the capital of
Jharkhand, (91 km).
Ranchi is connected with New Delhi, Mumbai,
Lucknow by regular service of many airlines.
A new 80 km long railway line has been constructed from Koderma
Hazaribagh and became operational in February 2015. Two trains run
Hazaribagh Town railway station
Hazaribagh Town railway station (not to be
Hazaribagh Road railway station). The railway line from
Hazaribagh to Barkakana Junction has been completed and the trains are
Hazaribagh to Barkakana.
Hazaribagh is situated on NH 33 and the road distances to major cities
Ranchi 91 km,
Dhanbad 128 km (via GT road), Bokaro
116 km (via Ramgarh), Gaya 130 km,
Patna 235 km,
Daltonganj 198 km, and
Dhanbad-Asansol-Govindapur-Bardhaman) 434 km. Regular bus service
Hazaribagh to these places.
Before independence hazaribhag used to come under the estate of
Ramgarh Raj. The last ruler of Ramgarh raj was Raja Bahadur Kamakya
Narain Singh along with his brother Maharajakumar Basant Narain Singh.
In ancient times the district was covered with inaccessible forests
inhabited by tribes who remained independent. The entire territory of
Chhotanagpur, known as
Jharkhand (meaning forest territory) was
presumably beyond the pale of outside influence in ancient India.
Throughout the Turko-Afghan period (up to 1526), the area remained
virtually free from external influence. It was only with the accession
of Akbar to the throne of Delhi in 1557 that Muslim influence
penetrated Jharkhand, then known to the Mughals as Kokrah. In 1585,
Akbar sent a force under the command of Shahbaj Khan to reduce the
Raja of Chotanagpur to the position of a tributary. After the death of
Akbar in 1605, the area presumably regained its independence. This
necessitated an expedition in 1616 by Ibrahim Khan Fateh Jang, the
Governor of Bihar and brother of Queen Noorjehan. Ibrahim Khan
defeated and captured Durjan Sal, the 46th Raja of Chotanagpur. He was
imprisoned for 12 years but was later released and reinstated on the
throne after he had shown his ability in distinguishing a real diamond
from a fake one.
In 1632, Chotanagpur was given as Jagir (endowment) to the Governor at
Patna for an annual payment of Rs.136,000. This was raised to
Rs.161,000 in 1636. During the reign of Muhammad Shah (1719–1748),
Sarballand Khan, the Governor of then Bihar, marched against the Raja
of Chotanagpur and obtained his submission. Another expedition was led
by Fakhruddoula, the Governor of Bihar in 1731. He came to terms with
the Raja of Chotanagpur. In 1735 Alivardi Khan had some difficulty in
enforcing the payment of the annual tribute of Rs.12,000 from the Raja
of Ramgarh, as agreed to by the latter according to the terms settled
This situation continued until the occupation of the country by the
British. During the Muslim period, the main estates in the district
were Ramgarh, Kunda, Chai and Kharagdiha. Subsequent to the Kol
uprising in 1831 that, however, did not seriously affect Hazaribagh,
the administrative structure of the territory was changed. The
parganas of Ramgarh, Kharagdiha, Kendi and Kunda became parts of the
South-West Frontier Agency
South-West Frontier Agency and were formed into a division named
Hazaribagh as the administrative headquarters.
In 1854 the designation of
South-West Frontier Agency
South-West Frontier Agency was changed to
Chota Nagpur Division, composed of five districts - Hazaribagh,
Ranchi, Palamau, Manbhum, and Singhbhum. The division was administered
Non-regulation province under a Commissioner reporting to the
Lieutenant Governor of Bengal. In 1855-56 there was the great
uprising of the Santhals against the British but was brutally
During British rule, one had to go by train to Giridih and then travel
in a vehicle called push-push to Hazaribagh. It was pushed and pulled
by human force over hilly tracts. It was an exciting journey across
rivers and through dense forests infested with bandits and wild
Rabindranath Tagore travelled in a push-push along the route
in 1885. He recorded the experience in an essay, "Chotanagpur
families". When the Grand Chord railway line was opened in 1906,
Hazaribagh Road railway station became the link with the town. For
many years, Lal Motor Company operated the rail-cum-bus service
Hazaribagh town and
Hazaribagh Road railway station.
In 1912, a new province of
Bihar and Orissa
Bihar and Orissa was split from Bengal
Province. In 1936, the province was split into separate provinces of
Bihar and Orissa, with the
Chota Nagpur Division
Chota Nagpur Division being a part of
Bihar. Bihar's boundaries remained mostly unchanged after Indian
Independence in 1947.
After the 1991 census, the district of
Hazaribagh was divided into
three separate districts, Hazaribagh, Chatra and Koderma. The two
sub-divisions Chatra and
Koderma were upgraded to the status of
Jharkhand was separated from Bihar to become India's 28th
The town became a cantonment in 1790, the Ramgarh battalion having
been raised ten years earlier. It was then part of Ramgarh district.
It became a district headquarters in 1834.
Hazaribagh was constituted
as a municipality in 1869. The military cantonment, south-east of the
town, flourished until 1874, when, after an outbreak of enteric fever
in 1874, the troops were mostly withdrawn, except for a small
detachment to mind the penitentiary. This resulted in a planned city.
This part of the town is known as Boddam Bazar, after the officer who
laid it out. Many Englishmen settled in
Hazaribagh during the British
period. They built large bungalow-type houses, often with sloping
roofs. They were great hunters and hunting stories abounded in the
town by word of mouth. Most of them left after
independent. Tutu Imam topped the list of hunting legends in the town
along with Prof. Rajendra Pandey. A century ago it was common for
tigers and leopards to prey upon livestock in the outskirts of the
The town had a population of 15,799 in the 1901 census. It was
described in as "little more than a cluster of hamlets, with
intervening cultivation, which sprang up around the former military
Hazaribagh Central Jail housed many leaders of the Indian freedom
movement, including Dr. [Rajendra Prasad], later the first President
of India. The popular leader [Jayaprakash Narayan] was put under
arrest in this jail during the [Quit
India Movement] of 1942. His
escape from this high-security prison [with the help of 53 dhotis
(sheets) to cross the wall of the jail] and the support he received
from the local people is one of the legends of the Indian Independence
During the early years of World War II, an internment camp ("parole
camp") for German civilians was established in the town. In June 1942
it housed 36 women, 5 men and 16 children, of whom 21 females with 13
children were transferred on 25 February 1942 from Diyatalawa. In
autumn they were transferred to the family camps at Purandhar or
Early Bengali settlers
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A small but effective Bengali community settled at
Hazaribagh in the
19th century when the area was in
Bengal Presidency and the British
administration was looking for people with English education. The
small community contributed considerably towards the development of
Rai Bahadur Jadunath Mukhopadhyaya (Mukherjee), one of the early
settlers, was the first Government Pleader of Hazaribagh. His house in
Hazaribagh Town played host to many eminent persons including Sanjiv
Chattopadhaya (of Palamau fame),
Rabindranath Tagore and Subhas
Chandra Bose. He established the
Brahmo Samaj, donating his
own land through a trust he set up. He also helped set up the Durga
Puja mandap, the Keshav Hall/Union Club and Library and the first
girls' school in the town, donating his own land and admitting his
daughter as its first student; the school is now named after him.
Chanchala Niyogi made a significant contribution to keep the school
going around 1895. Those were the days when people thought that by
educating their daughters they were paving the way for their
widowhood. Around 1920, the new school building was built with the
initiative of Braja Kumar Niyogi with funds mainly from the estate of
Raja of Ramgarh. Ray Bahadur Jadunath Mukherjee left behind a large
family. Scholars such as
Mahesh Chandra Ghosh
Mahesh Chandra Ghosh and Dhirendranath
Choudhury made the town their home. The poet
Kamini Roy lived in the
town for some years. Manmathanath Dasgupta, a
Brahmo missionary spent
many years in
Hazaribagh working amongst the downtrodden. Sarat Kumar
Gupta contributed towards the development of the town in many ways.
Doctors such as Mandindra Bhushan Banerjee (Panna Babu), Bikash Kumar
Sen, Sambhu Nath Roy and Benoy Chandra Chatterjee were prominent
personalities. The noted Bengali author and writer for many Hindi
films like Sujata, Subodh Ghosh, was born and brought up in
Hazaribagh. Many of his stories are set in the region.
Keshub Chunder Sen, the great
Brahmo Leader, accompanied by
Trailokyanath Sanyal, visited
Hazaribagh in 1874 to recoup his health.
He wrote many pieces during his short stay and participated in
Bhadrotsav celebrations. After his death in 1884, a public hall on the
Main Road was named Keshub Hall in his memory. Amongst the Brahmo
missionaries who visited
Hazaribagh regularly was Pramathalal Sen.
Rai Bahadur Kalipada Sarkar was a leading advocate. He was the
chairman of Municipality, chairman of District Board, President of the
Bar Association and also a member of the council. He was also the
first Indian to be the chairman of
Another notable Bengali of the first half of the 20th century was Rai
Bahadur Surendra Nath Roy, the noted government Pleader and a patron
of the arts. Suren babu migrated from village Raghunathpur (Nadia,
Bengal), where he was a zamindar (জমিদার) and the title
'Rai Bahadur' was conferred on him by the British in 1902 to practice
law in the Civil Court at Hazaribagh. For a time he was President of
the Bar Association, and was the co-founder of Annada High School
(Bengali School). He also acted as the custodian of the minor Kamakhya
Narayan Singh, the erstwhile Raja of Ramgarh Raj.
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Hazaribagh has the second highest coal reserve in
region has the first), and it is still largely intact. Recently there
has been a spurt in the coal mining activities in the region by
Central Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal
India Limited. Work is
currently going on for the development of NTPC's 3000 MW. Reliance
Power's 3600 MW Super Thermal Power Projects was also proposed but was
later pulled out due to the failure of the negotiations between
government and company on land distributions.
The Dublin Mission has educational institutions and a women's
hospital. Activities of the mission were started at
1899, under the aegis of Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. St.
Columba's College was one of the oldest in Bihar.
Hazaribagh now has
Vinoba Bhave University
Vinoba Bhave University within the city limits, named after Saint
Vinoba Bhave. It is the second largest university of Jharkhand. It
also hosts private university AISECT University, Jharkhand. St.
Columba's College, Medical College of
Dhanbad and many engineering and
local colleges are affiliated to this university. Jajnery Institute of
Hazaribagh is a college for Polytechnic, management and
Roman Catholics established a girls' school, Mount
Carmel school Hazaribagh, in 1949. Parallel to this Reverend Father
John Moore, an Australian Jesuit missionary, set up St. Xavier's
School in 1952. D.A.V Public School Hazaribagh, started in 1992 and
run by D.A.V College Managing Committee (New Delhi). National Public
School, Hazaribagh, started in 1977, is now affiliated to CBSE, it is
managed by L.K.C. Memorial Education Society. Montfort School,
Hazaribagh is situated on Kanhari Hill Road. Mount Litera Zee School
Hazaribagh is located at Katgarah Village, opposite the
firing range. Meru
Hazaribagh and its city office are situated near
the Mission Hospital. It is a network of Zee learn.
Hazaribagh has the police training center for the whole of Jharkhand.
Border Security Force
Border Security Force (BSF) also has a large presence. East
India's largest training center is here in the forest with hilly
terrain. The Central Reserved Police Force is also present in the town
near the lake.
Daulat Mahto M.T.T. College, Banaso, Bishnugarh, Hazaribagh
Deo College of Education, Hazaribagh
Gautam Buddha T.T. College, Hazaribagh
Maa Vindhyavashini College of Education, Hazaribagh
S.B.M. T.T. College Hazaribagh
Sri Ram Krishna Sarda Ashram, Teachers Training College, Ravindrapath,
Swami Dharmabandhu College of Education Hazaribagh
Annada College, Hazaribagh
Bhadrakali College, Itkhori
G.M. Evening College, Ichak
Karnpura College, Barkagaon
K.B. Women's College
Markham College of Commerce
Mother Teresa College (MTC)
St. Columba's College
Vananchal College, Tandwa
Geeta science inter mahavidyalaya, Hazaribagh
Gulmohar Inter College Inter science College, Hazaribagh
Angels High School
D.A.V. Public School, Hazaribagh
Delhi Public School, Hazaribagh
God Grace Public School
Gulmohar Public School
Gyan Ganga Public School, Daru
Holy Cross School
High School Garri Kalan
Hindu High School
J.N.V(Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya) Hazaribagh
Montfort School, Kanhari Hill Road
Mount Carmel girls school
Mount Egmont School
National Public School
New Delhi Public School
St. Augustine School
St. Columba's Collegiate School
St.Gabriel High School, Dhawaiya, Hazaribagh
St. Paul School
St. Stephen's School
St. Xavier's, Hazaribagh
Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir
Vivekananda Central School
Munam Public school
Hazaribag is well connected to the other cities around it via a
widespread network of highways, most notably the National Highway 33.
> Bus Services
There is a bus station at
Hazaribagh where direct buses for major
cities like Ranchi, Kolkata, Dhanbad,
Patna etc are available at all
The nearest major junction is the
Koderma railway station.
A new train station is operative in
Hazaribagh since 2014 with DEMU
trains connecting it with
Barkakana Junction railway station
Barkakana Junction railway station and
Koderma Junction railway station.
Birsa Munda Airport
Birsa Munda Airport in
Ranchi is the nearest airport at a distance of
Raghubar Das and Minister of State Civil Aviation
Jayant Sinha, has proposed for the transformation of Hazaribag Hawai
Adda into new domestic airport.
As per the 2011
Census of India,
Hazaribagh Urban Agglomeration had a
total population of 153,599, of which males were 80,095 and females
Hazaribagh Urban Agglomeration is composed of Hazaribagh
(Nagar Parishad) and
As per the 2011
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad had a total
population of 142,489, of which 74,132 were males and 68,357 females.
Scheduled Castes numbered 7,987 and Scheduled Tribes numbered
See also: List of cities in Jharkhand
As of 2001[update]
Hazaribagh had a population of
127,243. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.
Hazaribagh has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the
national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy
is 70%. In Hazaribagh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The population of the town and the area is overwhelmingly Khortha
speaking, However due to migration of people from other state people
Hindi is also speaking but mainly in town areas. There is a sprinkling
of the Santhali-speaking population mainly in the rural areas. The
Hindus form the majority of Population. There is a sizeable Muslim
population. Punjabis form small minorities.
Hazaribagh Was upgraded to
a municipal corporation in June 2015 by adding the area and population
of 19 adjoining villages.
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in
was 122,881 (90.14 percent of the total population) out of whom 66,602
(93.82 percent of males) were males and 56,279 (86.14 percent of
females) were females.
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Hazaribagh
Nagar Parishad was 112,533, out of whom 60,840 were males and 51,693
Krishna Ballabh Sahay (born in Khadhaiya, a village in Tandwa Block),
the renowned freedom fighter and subsequently chief minister of Bihar,
belonged to Hazaribagh. As revenue minister, he was instrumental in
the abolition of zemindaries in Bihar. In 1952 that was the first such
legislation in the country. The political rivalry between the Kamakhya
Narayan Singh, the Raja of Ramgarh and K.B. Sahay was the talk of the
town in the 1950s. Rameshwar Prasad, the son of Krishna Ballabh Sahay,
was the MLC and his son Prashant Sahay was a popular lawyer of this
town. He always helped poor people and was an animal lover.
In the elections for the first
Lok Sabha held in 1951, Nageshwar
Prasad Sinha of Congress won the
Hazaribagh East seat and Baboo Ram
Narayan Singh, an Independent candidate, won the
Hazaribagh West seat.
In 1957, Lalita Rajya Lakshmi, of the
Ramgarh Raj family, won the
seat. Basant Narayan Singh, the younger brother of Kamakhya Narayan
Singh, won the seat four times, in 1962, 1967, 1977 and 1980. Damodar
Pandey of Congress won it in 1984. Yadunath Pandey of BJP won it in
1989. Bhubneshwar Prasad Mehta of CPI won the seat in 1991 and in
2004. Mahabir Lal Viswakarma of BJP won the seat in 1996. Yashwant
Sinha of BJP won the seat in 1998 and went on to become Finance
Minister and later Foreign Minister in the NDA government. He also won
the seat in 2009
Lok Sabha Elections. Bhubneshwar Prasad Mehta of
Communist Party of
India (CPI) won the seat in 2004 with the help of
seat sharing of the UPA.
Jayant Sinha, a senior leader of the
Bharatiya Janata Party
Bharatiya Janata Party and the
son of former Foreign Minister Yashwant Sinha, won the Lok Sabha
elections in 2014, defeating the closest rival Saurabh Narayan Singh
of the Indian National Congress by a huge margin of 1,59,128 votes.
Anurag Anand - Director & Producer who has produced various
documentaries and tele-shows for international gaints like BBC,
Channel 4, National Geographic & Discovery. He also owns a
production house known as Inkingenious Media which is headquartered in
A. E. J. Collins
A. E. J. Collins (18 August 1885 – 11 November 1914) - held
the record for the highest score in cricket (628 not out) for 116
Subodh Ghosh - journalist and writer, born at
Hazaribagh in 1909; also
studied at St. Columbus College
Tapen Sen - judge in the Calcutta High Court
Yashwant Sinha - Indian politician and a former finance minister of
India (1990–1991) and March 1998 – July 2002. Foreign minister
(July 2002 – May 2004)
Bulu Imam - environmental activist, Gandhi International Peace Award
Koderma produces 60%-65% of the world's mica; it is 60 km away
from the city.
Konar Dam, 51 km from Hazaribagh
Surajkund hot spring
Surajkund hot spring is 72 km from Hazaribagh. The water is
boiling and is beneficial for the treatment of skin diseases and
rheumatism. It is 2 km from Belkappi, near Barakattha, located
halfway between Barhi and Bagodar on Grand Trunk Road.
Tilaiya Dam across the Barakar River has beautiful hillocks all around
and there also nestles one Sainik School nearby.
Hazaribhag Raja Kothi Residence of Rajkumar Udaybhan Narain Singh
Hazaribag travel guide from Wikivoyage
Hazaribagh (community development block)
IAS Seminar in Hazaribagh
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 21, 2014.
Retrieved February 4, 2016.
^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, Orient Longmans, 1949.
^ "Chota Nagpur Division" in The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909,
Clarendon Press, Oxford. Vol. 10, Page 328.
^ Auswärtiges Amt; 6. Merkblatt über die Lage der Deutschen in
Britisch-Indien; die Internierungslager auf Ceylon und Jamaica; Berlin
1941; (Dez. 1942)
^ a b "Provisional population totals,
India 2011" (PDF).
Urban Agglomeration – Cities having population 1 lakh and above.
Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
^ "Provisional population totals,
India 2011" (PDF).
Constituents of Urban Agglomerations haing population above 1 lakh and
Census 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December
^ a b "2011
Census – Primary
Census Abstract Data Tables". Jharkhand
– District-wise. Registrar General and
Census Commissioner, India.
Retrieved 14 December 2015.
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities,
villages and towns (Provisional)".
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
^ Justice Tapen Sen
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hazaribagh.
Hazaribag district administration
Tales of Hazaribagh
Hazaribagh travel guide
Cities, towns and locations in
and census towns
other than cities and towns
North Chotanagpur Division topics
Places of Interest in and around Hazaribagh
Places of general interest
Hazaribagh Town railway station
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary
Ichak - temples
Khapriaon – Narsingsthan
Ramgarh Raj heritage
Salgaon – Gonda Dam
Surajkund hot spring
Surajkund hot spring – the hottest spring in India
Markham College of Commerce
Mount Carmel School Hazaribagh
National Public School, Hazaribagh
St. Columba's College, Hazaribagh
St. Xavier's, Hazaribagh