HAZARIBAGH is a city and a municipality in
* 1 Etymology
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Travelling times
* 3 History
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Industry
* 5 Education
* 5.1 B.Ed Colleges * 5.2 General Colleges * 5.3 Inter Colleges * 5.4 Schools
* 6 Transportation * 7 Demographics * 8 Literacy * 9 Politics * 10 Notable residents * 11 Nearby places * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links
The word 'Hazaribagh' is made of two Persian words: Hazar meaning
'one thousand' and bagh meaning 'garden'. Hence the meaning of
The nearest airport is
Birsa Munda Airport Ranchi, the capital of
Jharkhand, (91 km).
A new 80 km long railway line has been constructed from
In ancient times the district was covered with inaccessible forests inhabited by tribes who remained independent. The entire territory of Chhotanagpur, known as Jharkhand (meaning forest territory) was presumably beyond the pale of outside influence in ancient India. Throughout the Turko-Afghan period (up to 1526), the area remained virtually free from external influence. It was only with the accession of Akbar to the throne of Delhi in 1557 that Muslim influence penetrated Jharkhand, then known to the Mughals as Kokrah. In 1585, Akbar sent a force under the command of Shahbaj Khan to reduce the Raja of Chotanagpur to the position of a tributary. After the death of Akbar in 1605, the area presumably regained its independence. This necessitated an expedition in 1616 by Ibrahim Khan Fateh Jang, the Governor of Bihar and brother of Queen Noorjehan. Ibrahim Khan defeated and captured Durjan Sal, the 46th Raja of Chotanagpur. He was imprisoned for 12 years but was later released and reinstated on the throne after he had shown his ability in distinguishing a real diamond from a fake one.
In 1632, Chotanagpur was given as Jagir (endowment) to the Governor
This situation continued until the occupation of the country by the
British. During the Muslim period, the main estates in the district
were Ramgarh, Kunda, Chai and
Kharagdiha . Subsequent to the Kol
uprising in 1831 that, however, did not seriously affect Hazaribagh,
the administrative structure of the territory was changed. The
parganas of Ramgarh, Kharagdiha, Kendi and Kunda became parts of the
South-West Frontier Agency and were formed into a division named
In 1854 the designation of South-West Frontier Agency was changed to Chota Nagpur Division , composed of five districts - Hazaribagh, Ranchi, Palamau, Manbhum, and Singhbhum. The division was administered as a Non-regulation province under a Commissioner reporting to the Lieutenant Governor of Bengal. In 1855-56 there was the great uprising of the Santhals against the British but was brutally suppressed.
During British rule, one had to go by train to Giridih and then
travel in a vehicle called push-push to Hazaribagh. It was pushed and
pulled by human force over hilly tracts. It was an exciting journey
across rivers and through dense forests infested with bandits and wild
Rabindranath Tagore travelled in a push-push along the route
in 1885. He recorded the experience in an essay, "Chotanagpur
families". When the Grand Chord railway line was opened in 1906,
Hazaribagh Road railway station became the link with the town. For
many years, Lal Motor Company operated the rail-cum-bus service
In 1912, a new province of Bihar and Orissa was split from Bengal Province. In 1936, the province was split into separate provinces of Bihar and Orissa, with the Chota Nagpur Division being a part of Bihar. Bihar's boundaries remained mostly unchanged after Indian Independence in 1947.
After the 1991 census, the district of
In 2000, Jharkhand was separated from Bihar to become India's 28th state.
The town became a cantonment in 1790, the Ramgarh battalion having
been raised ten years earlier. It was then part of Ramgarh district.
It became a district headquarters in 1834.
The town had a population of 15,799 in the 1901 census. It was described in as "little more than a cluster of hamlets, with intervening cultivation, which sprang up around the former military bazar."
During the early years of
World War II
EARLY BENGALI SETTLERS
This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
A small but effective Bengali community settled at
Rai Bahadur Jadunath Mukhopadhyaya (Mukherjee), one of the early
settlers, was the first Government Pleader of Hazaribagh. His house in
Keshub Chunder Sen , the great
Brahmo Leader, accompanied by
Trailokyanath Sanyal , visited
Rai Bahadur Kalipada Sarkar was a leading advocate. He was the
chairman of Municipality, chairman of District Board, President of the
Bar Association and also a member of the council. He was also the
first Indian to be the chairman of
Another notable Bengali of the first half of the 20th century was Rai Bahadur Surendra Nath Roy, the noted government Pleader and a patron of the arts. Suren babu migrated from village Raghunathpur (Nadia, Bengal), where he was a zamindar (জমিদার) and the title 'Rai Bahadur' was conferred on him by the British in 1902 to practice law in the Civil Court at Hazaribagh. For a time he was President of the Bar Association, and was the co-founder of Annada High School (Bengali School). He also acted as the custodian of the minor Kamakhya Narayan Singh, the erstwhile Raja of Ramgarh Raj .
This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (October 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
The Dublin Mission has educational institutions and a women's
hospital. Activities of the mission were started at
Roman Catholics established a girls' school,
Mount Carmel school Hazaribagh , in 1949. Parallel to this Reverend
Father John Moore, an Australian Jesuit missionary, set up St.
Xavier\'s School in 1952. D.A.V Public School Hazaribagh, started in
1992 and run by D.A.V College Managing Committee (New Delhi). National
* Daulat Mahto M.T.T. College, Banaso, Bishnugarh, Hazaribagh * Deo College of Education, Hazaribagh * Gautam Buddha T.T. College, Hazaribagh * Maa Vindhyavashini College of Education, Hazaribagh * S.B.M. T.T. College Hazaribagh * Sri Ram Krishna Sarda Ashram, Teachers Training College, Ravindrapath, Hazaribagh * Swami Dharmabandhu College of Education Hazaribagh
* Annada College, Hazaribagh * Bhadrakali College, Itkhori * G.M. Evening College, Ichak * Karnpura College, Barkagaon * K.B. Women's College * Markham College of Commerce * Mother Teresa College (MTC) * St. Columba\'s College * Vananchal College, Tandwa
* Gulmohar Inter college * Science Inter College, Hazaribagh
* Angels High School
* D.A.V. Public School, Hazaribagh
* Delhi Public School, Hazaribagh
* God Grace Public School
* Gulmohar Public School
* Holy Cross School
* High School Garri Kalan
* Hindu High School
* J.N.V(Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya) Hazaribagh
* Little Angels
* Montfort School, Kanhari Hill Road
* Mount Carmel girls school
* Mount Egmont School
* NAMAN VIDYA
* National Public School
New Delhi Public School
* St. Augustine School
* St. Columba's Collegiate School
* St.Gabriel High School, Dhawaiya, Hazaribagh
* St. Paul School
* St. Stephen's School
* St. Xavier\'s,
Munam Public school
Hazaribag is well connected to the other cities around it via a widespread network of highways, most notably the National Highway 33. > Bus Services
The nearest major junction is the Koderma railway station.
As per the 2011
As per the 2011
As of 2001
The population of the town and the area is overwhelmingly Khortha
speaking, However due to migration of people from other state people
Hindi is also speaking but mainly in town areas. There is a sprinkling
of the Santhali-speaking population mainly in the rural areas. The
Hindus form the majority of Population. There is a sizeable Muslim
population. Punjabis form small minorities.
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Hazaribagh UA was 122,881 (90.14 percent of the total population) out of whom 66,602 (93.82 percent of males) were males and 56,279 (86.14 percent of females) were females.
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Hazaribagh Nagar Parishad was 112,533, out of whom 60,840 were males and 51,693 were females.
The Raja of Ramgarh had a big presence in the area, initially during the British period and then after independence when he set up the Janata Party which had a large following in the region for many years. His palace at Padma was a prominent spot on the road to Hazaribagh.
Krishna Ballabh Sahay (born in Khadhaiya, a village in Tandwa Block), the renowned freedom fighter and subsequently chief minister of Bihar, belonged to Hazaribagh. As revenue minister, he was instrumental in the abolition of zemindaries in Bihar. In 1952 that was the first such legislation in the country. The political rivalry between the Kamakhya Narayan Singh, the Raja of Ramgarh and K.B. Sahay was the talk of the town in the 1950s. Rameshwar Prasad, the son of Krishna Ballabh Sahay , was the MLC and his son Prashant Sahay was a popular lawyer of this town. He always helped poor people and was an animal lover.
In the elections for the first
Lok Sabha held in 1951, Nageshwar
Prasad Sinha of Congress won the
Jayant Sinha , a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party and the son of former Foreign Minister Yashwant Sinha, won the Lok Sabha elections in 2014, defeating the closest rival Saurabh Narayan Singh of the Indian National Congress by a huge margin of 1,59,128 votes.
* Anurag Anand - Director & Producer who has produced various
documentaries and tele-shows for international gaints like BBC,
Channel 4, National Geographic also studied at St. Columbus College
Tapen Sen - judge in the
Calcutta High Court
Yashwant Sinha - Indian politician and a former finance minister
Rajkumar Gupta- Film Director(No one killed Jessica,Aamir,Ghanchakkar)
* Koderma produces 60%-65% of the world's mica; it is 60 km away from the city. * Konar Dam , 51 km from Hazaribagh * Surajkund hot spring is 72 km from Hazaribagh. The water is boiling and is beneficial for the treatment of skin diseases and rheumatism. It is 2 km from Belkappi, near Barakattha, located halfway between Barhi and Bagodar on Grand Trunk Road. * Tilaiya Dam across the Barakar River has beautiful hillocks all around and there also nestles one Sainik School nearby.
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 21, 2014.
Retrieved February 4, 2016.
* ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, Orient Longmans,
* ^ "Chota Nagpur Division" in The Imperial Gazetteer of India,
1909, Clarendon Press, Oxford. Vol. 10, Page 328.
* ^ "