HAZARIBAGH is a city and a municipality in
Hazaribagh district in the
Indian state of
Jharkhand . It is the divisional headquarters of North
Chotanagpur division . It is famous as a health resort and for
Hazaribagh National Park (17 km from city). It is represented in the
Lok Sabha by its Member of Parliament
Jayant Sinha .
* 1 Etymology
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Travelling times
* 3 History
* 3.2 Early Bengali settlers
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Industry
* 5 Education
* 5.1 B.ed Colleges
* 5.2 General Colleges
* 5.3 Inter Colleges
* 5.4 Schools
* 6 Transport
* 7 Demographics
* 8 Literacy
* 9 Politics
* 10 Tourist attractions
* 11 Notable residents
* 12 Nearby places
* 13 See also
* 14 References
* 15 External links
The word 'Hazaribagh' is made of two Persian words: _Hazar_ meaning
'one thousand' and _bagh _ meaning 'garden'. Hence the meaning of
Hazaribagh is 'city of a thousand gardens'. According to Sir John
Houlton, however, the town takes its name from the small villages of
Okni and Hazari – shown on old maps as Ocunhazry. The last syllable
in its name probably originated from a mango grove which formed a
camping ground for troops and travelers marching along a military road
Kolkata to Varanasi, constructed in 1782 and the following years.
Grand Trunk Road subsequently replaced this military road in the
mid-9th century, but the layout differed at places, particularly
around Hazaribagh. A dilapidated watch tower meant to guard the
military road is still visible on Tower Hill, near Silwar.
Konar River , a tributary of
Damodar River , flows past the town.
Hazaribagh has been a thick forest earlier and is still surrounded by
The nearest airport is
Birsa Munda Airport Ranchi, the capital of
Jharkhand, (91 km).
Ranchi is connected with
New Delhi ,
Lucknow by regular service of many airlines. Rail
A new 80 km long railway line has been constructed from
Hazaribagh and became operational in February 2015. Two trains run
Hazaribagh Town railway station (not to be
Hazaribagh Road railway station).The railway line from
Barkakana Junction has been completed and the trains are
Hazaribagh to Barkakana. The city was connected to
Koderma and Barkakana, after some months it was connected to Ranchi.
Hazaribagh is situated on NH 33 and the road distances to major cities
Ranchi 91 km,
Dhanbad 128 km (via GT road), Bokaro 116 km (via
Ramgarh), Gaya 130 km,
Patna 235 km, Daltonganj 198 km, and Kolkata
(via Asansol-Govindapur-Barhi) 434 km. Regular bus service connects
Hazaribagh to all these places.
In ancient times the district was covered with inaccessible forests
inhabited by tribes who remained independent. The entire territory of
Chhotanagpur, known as
Jharkhand (meaning forest territory) was
presumably beyond the pale of outside influence in ancient India.
Throughout the Turko-Afghan period (up to 1526), the area remained
virtually free from external influence. It was only with the accession
of Akbar to the throne of Delhi in 1557 that Muslim influence
penetrated Jharkhand, then known to the Mughals as Kokrah. In 1585,
Akbar sent a force under the command of Shahbaj Khan to reduce the
Raja of Chotanagpur to the position of a tributary. After the death of
Akbar in 1605, the area presumably regained its independence. This
necessitated an expedition in 1616 by Ibrahim Khan Fateh Jang, the
Governor of Bihar and brother of Queen Noorjehan. Ibrahim Khan
defeated and captured Durjan Sal, the 46th Raja of Chotanagpur. He was
imprisoned for 12 years but was later released and reinstated on the
throne after he had shown his ability in distinguishing a real diamond
from a fake one.
In 1632, Chotanagpur was given as Jagir (endowment) to the Governor
Patna for an annual payment of Rs.136,000. This was raised to
Rs.161,000 in 1636. During the reign of Muhammad Shah (1719–1748),
Sarballand Khan, the Governor of then Bihar, marched against the Raja
of Chotanagpur and obtained his submission. Another expedition was led
by Fakhruddoula, the Governor of Bihar in 1731. He came to terms with
the Raja of Chotanagpur. In 1735 Alivardi Khan had some difficulty in
enforcing the payment of the annual tribute of Rs.12,000 from the Raja
of Ramgarh, as agreed to by the latter according to the terms settled
This situation continued until the occupation of the country by the
British. During the Muslim period, the main estates in the district
were Ramgarh, Kunda, Chai and
Kharagdiha . Subsequent to the Kol
uprising in 1831 that, however, did not seriously affect Hazaribagh,
the administrative structure of the territory was changed. The
parganas of Ramgarh, Kharagdiha, Kendi and Kunda became parts of the
South-West Frontier Agency and were formed into a division named
Hazaribagh as the administrative headquarters.
In 1854 the designation of
South-West Frontier Agency was changed to
Chota Nagpur Division , composed of five districts - Hazaribagh,
Ranchi, Palamau, Manbhum, and Singhbhum. The division was administered
Non-regulation province under a Commissioner reporting to the
Lieutenant Governor of Bengal. In 1855-56 there was the great
uprising of the Santhals against the British but was brutally
During British rule, one had to go by train to
Giridih and then
travel in a vehicle called push-push to Hazaribagh. It was pushed and
pulled by human force over hilly tracts. It was an exciting journey
across rivers and through dense forests infested with bandits and wild
Rabindranath Tagore travelled in a push-push along the route
in 1885. He recorded the experience in an essay, "Chotanagpur
families". When the Grand Chord railway line was opened in 1906,
Hazaribagh Road railway station became the link with the town. For
many years, Lal Motor Company operated the rail-cum-bus service
Hazaribagh town and
Hazaribagh Road railway station.
In 1912, a new province of
Bihar and Orissa was split from Bengal
Province. In 1936, the province was split into separate provinces of
Bihar and Orissa, with the
Chota Nagpur Division part of Bihar.
Bihar's boundaries remained mostly unchanged after Indian Independence
After the 1991 census, the district of
Hazaribagh was divided into
three separate districts, Hazaribagh, Chatra and Koderma. The two
sub-divisions Chatra and
Koderma were upgraded to the status of
Jharkhand was separated from Bihar to become India's 28th
The town became a cantonment in 1790, the Ramgarh battalion having
been raised ten years earlier. It was then part of Ramgarh district.
It became a district headquarters in 1834.
Hazaribagh was constituted
as a municipality in 1869. The military cantonment, south-east of the
town, flourished until 1874, when, after an outbreak of enteric fever
in 1874, the troops were mostly withdrawn, except for a small
detachment to mind the penitentiary. This resulted in a planned old
city. This part of the town is known as Boddam Bazar, after the
officer who laid it out. Many Englishmen settled in
the British period. They built large bungalow-type houses, often with
sloping roofs. Many of them were great hunters and hunting stories
abounded in the town by word of mouth. Most of them left after India
became independent. Tutu Imam topped the list of hunting legends in
the town along with Prof. Rajendra Pandey. A century ago it was common
for tigers and leopards to prey upon livestock in the outskirts of the
The town had a population of 15,799 in the 1901 census. It was
described in as "little more than a cluster of hamlets, with
intervening cultivation, which sprang up around the former military
Hazaribagh Central Jail housed many leaders of the Indian freedom
movement , including Dr.
Rajendra Prasad , later the first President
of India. The popular leader
Jayaprakash Narayan was put under arrest
in this jail during the Quit
India Movement of 1942. His escape from
this high-security prison (with the help of 53 dhotis (sheets) to
cross the wall of the jail) and the support he received from the local
people is one of the legends of the Indian Independence movement.
During the early years of
World War II
World War II , an i nternment camp ("parole
camp") for German civilians was established in the town. In June 1942
it housed 36 women, 5 men and 16 children, of whom 21 females with 13
children were transferred on 25 February 1942 from
Diyatalawa . In
autumn they were transferred to the family camps at Purandhar or
EARLY BENGALI SETTLERS
A small but effective Bengali community settled at
Hazaribagh in the
19th century when the area was in
Bengal Presidency and the British
administration was looking for people with English education. The
small community contributed considerably towards the development of
Rai Bahadur Jadunath MukhopadhyayaMukherjee), one of the early
settlers, is much talked about. He was the first Government Pleader of
Hazaribagh. He is always remembered for charity and for uplifting the
poor. His house in
Hazaribagh Town played host to many eminent persons
including Sanjiv Chattopadhaya (of Palamau fame), Rabindranath Tagore
and Subhas Chandra Bose. He established the
donating his own land through a trust he set up. He also helped set up
Durga Puja mandap, the Keshav Hall/Union Club and Library and the
first girls' school in the town, donating his own land and admitting
his daughter as its first student; the school is now named after him.
Chanchala Niyogi made a significant contribution to keep the school
going around 1895. Those were the days when people thought that by
educating their daughters they were paving the way for their
widowhood. Around 1920, the new school building was built with the
initiative of Braja Kumar Niyogi with funds mainly from the estate of
Raja of Ramgarh. Ray Bahadur Jadunath Mukherjee left behind a large
family. Great scholars such as
Mahesh Chandra Ghosh and Dhirendranath
Choudhury made the town their home. The poet
Kamini Roy lived in the
town for some years. Manmathanath Dasgupta, a
Brahmo missionary spent
many years in
Hazaribagh working amongst the downtrodden. Sarat Kumar
Gupta contributed towards the development of the town in many ways.
Doctors such as Mandindra Bhushan Banerjee (Panna Babu), Bikash Kumar
Sen, Sambhu Nath Roy and Benoy Chandra Chatterjee were prominent
personalities. The noted Bengali author and writer for many Hindi
films like _Sujata_,
Subodh Ghosh , was born and brought up in
Hazaribagh. Many of his stories are set in the region.
Keshub Chunder Sen , the great
Brahmo Leader, accompanied by
Trailokyanath Sanyal , visited
Hazaribagh in 1874 to recoup his
health. He wrote many pieces during his short stay and participated in
Bhadrotsav celebrations. After his death in 1884, a public hall on the
Main Road was named Keshub Hall in his memory. Amongst the Brahmo
missionaries who visited
Hazaribagh regularly was
Pramathalal Sen .
Rai Bahadur Kalipada Sarkar was a leading advocate. He was the
chairman of Municipality, chairman of District Board, President of the
Bar Association and also a member of the council. He was also the
first Indian to be the chairman of
Another notable Bengali of the first half of the 20th century was Rai
Bahadur Surendra Nath Roy, the noted government Pleader and a patron
of the arts. Suren babu migrated from village Raghunathpur (Nadia,
Bengal), where he was a zamindar (জমিদার) and the title
'Rai Bahadur' was conferred on him by the British in 1902 to practice
law in the Civil Court at Hazaribagh. For a time he was President of
the Bar Association, and was the co-founder of Annada High School
(Bengali School). He also acted as the custodian of the minor Kamakhya
Narayan Singh, the erstwhile Raja of Ramgarh
Ramgarh Raj .
Hazaribagh has the second highest coal reserve in
region has the first), and it is still largely intact. Recently there
has been a spurt in the coal mining activities in the region by
Central Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal
India Limited . Work is
currently going on for the development of NTPC 's 3000 MW. Reliance
Power's 3600 MW Super Thermal Power Projects was also proposed but was
later pulled out due to the failure of the negotiations between
government and company on land distributions.
The cool climate and the quiet environment of
educationists to set up institutions in the town and now it has become
an education hub of Jharkhand. The Dublin Mission has a big presence
with educational institutions and a women's hospital. Activities of
the mission were started at
Hazaribagh in 1899, under the aegis of
Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. St. Columba\'s College was one of
the oldest in Bihar. A.F. Markham, attached to the college for many
years, was a legend in his lifetime. He later became vice chancellor
Ranchi University. Other prominent persons associated with the
college were Dr. S.C. Banwar, Dr. J.S. Shaw, Prof. R.S. Ambasta and
Prof. Gautam Kumar Pandey, who served in various capacities including
Hazaribagh now has
Vinoba Bhave University within the
city limits, named after Saint Vinoba Bhave. It is the second largest
Jharkhand . St. Columba's College, Medical College of
Dhanbad and many engineering and local colleges are affiliated to this
university now. Jajnery Institute of Technology,
Hazaribagh is one of
the prominent colleges for Polytechnic, management and IT.
Roman Catholics established a girls' school,
Mount Carmel school Hazaribagh , in 1949. It is known as one of the
best schools in the city. Parallel to this Reverend Father John Moore,
an Australian Jesuit missionary, set up St. Xavier\'s School in 1952.
D.A.V Public School Hazaribagh, started in 1992 and run by D.A.V
College Managing Committee (New Delhi), is another major educational
center of the city. The school has made immense progress in the past
25 years and has a modern state of the art building located in the
foothills of the famous Kanheri Hill. Principal Ashok Srivastava has
been one of the pioneers in taking this school to this level. Mount
Egmont School is one of the finest boarding schools in the area.
National Public School, Hazaribagh , started in 1977, is a
fast-growing school and is now affiliated to CBSE, it is managed by
L.K.C. Memorial Education Society. Montfort School,
Hazaribagh is also
fast growing into a center of excellence. It is situated on Kanhari
Hill Road. Mount Litera Zee School and Kidzee,
Hazaribagh is also a
fast growing school of the region. It is located at Katgarah Village,
opposite the firing range. Meru
Hazaribagh and its city office are
situated near the Mission Hospital. It is a network of Zee learn.
Hazaribagh has the police training center for the whole of
Border Security Force (BSF) also has a large presence.
East India's largest training center is here in the forest with hilly
terrain. The Central Reserved Police Force is also present in the town
near the lake.
* Daulat Mahto M.T.T. College, Banaso, Bishnugarh, Hazaribagh
* Deo College of Education, Hazaribagh
* Gautam Buddha T.T. College, Hazaribagh
* Maa Vindhyavashini College of Education, Hazaribagh
* S.B.M. T.T. College Hazaribagh
* Sri Ram Krishna Sarda Ashram, Teachers Training College,
* Swami Dharmabandhu College of Education Hazaribagh
* Annada College, Hazaribagh
* Bhadrakali College, Itkhori
* G.M. Evening College, Ichak
* Karnpura College, Barkagaon
* K.B. Women's College
* Markham College of Commerce
* Mother Teresa College (MTC)
* St. Columba\'s College
* Vananchal College, Tandwa
* Gulmohar Inter college
* Science Inter College, Hazaribagh
* Angels High School
* D.A.V. Public School, Hazaribagh
* Delhi Public School, Hazaribagh
* God Grace Public School
* Gulmohar Public School
* Holy Cross School
* High School Garri Kalan
* Hindu High School
* J.N.V(Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya) Hazaribagh
* Little Angels
* Montfort School, Kanhari Hill Road
* Mount Carmel girls school
* Mount Egmont School
* NAMAN VIDYA
* National Public School
New Delhi Public School
* St. Augustine School
* St. Columba's Collegiate School
* St.Gabriel High School, Dhawaiya, Hazaribagh
* St. Paul School
* St. Stephen's School
* St. Xavier\'s,
* Saraswati Shishu Vidya Mandir
* Vivekananda Central School
Hazaribagh is connected to capital city
Ranchi by National highway
and as well as many cities of
* Bus station
There is a bus station at
Hazaribagh where direct buses for major
Patna and many cities are
available every time. Railways
Hazaribagh Railway station is a new railway station built in 2014
where many local trains and express used to stop here and this station
is connected with
Barkakana Junction railway station and Koderma
Junction railway station. Airways
Birsa Munda Airport is the nearest airport of
Hazaribagh only 96 km.
As per the 2011
Hazaribagh Urban Agglomeration had
a total population of 153,599, of which males were 80,095 and females
Hazaribagh Urban Agglomeration is composed of Hazaribagh
Nagar Parishad ) and
Census Town ).
As per the 2011
Nagar Parishad had a
total population of 142,489, of which 74,132 were males and 68,357
females. Scheduled Castes numbered 7,987 and Scheduled Tribes numbered
2,708. See also: List of cities in
As of 2001
India census ,
Hazaribagh had a population of 127,243.
Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%.
an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of
59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 70%. In
Hazaribagh, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The population of the town and the area is overwhelmingly
Hindi-speaking. There is a sprinkling of the Santhali-speaking
population mainly in the rural areas. There is a sizeable Muslim
population. Bengalis, Marwaris and Punjabis form small minorities.
Hazaribagh Was upgraded to a municipal corporation in June 2015 by
adding the area and population of 19 adjoining villages.
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Hazaribagh
UA was 122,881 (90.14 percent of the total population) out of whom
66,602 (93.82 percent of males) were males and 56,279 (86.14 percent
of females) were females.
As per the 2011 census, the total number of literates in Hazaribagh
Nagar Parishad was 112,533, out of whom 60,840 were males and 51,693
The Raja of Ramgarh had a big presence in the area, initially during
the British period and then after independence when he set up the
Janata Party which had a large following in the region for many years.
His palace at Padma was a prominent spot on the road to Hazaribagh.
Krishna Ballabh Sahay (born in Khadhaiya, a village in Tandwa Block),
the renowned freedom fighter and subsequently chief minister of Bihar,
belonged to Hazaribagh. As revenue minister, he was instrumental in
the abolition of zemindaries in Bihar. In 1952 that was the first such
legislation in the country. The political rivalry between the Kamakhya
Narayan Singh, the Raja of Ramgarh and K.B. Sahay was the talk of the
town in the 1950s. Rameshwar Prasad, the son of Krishna Ballabh Sahay
, was the MLC and his son Prashant Sahay was a popular lawyer of this
town. He always helped poor people and was an animal lover.
In the elections for the first
Lok Sabha held in 1951, Nageshwar
Prasad Sinha of Congress won the
Hazaribagh East seat and Baboo Ram
Narayan Singh , an Independent candidate, won the
seat. In 1957, Lalita Rajya Lakshmi, of the
Ramgarh Raj family, won
the seat. Basant Narayan Singh, the younger brother of Kamakhya
Narayan Singh, won the seat four times, in 1962, 1967, 1977 and 1980.
Damodar Pandey of Congress won it in 1984. Yadunath Pandey of BJP won
it in 1989. Bhubneshwar Prasad Mehta of CPI won the seat in 1991 and
in 2004. Mahabir Lal Viswakarma of BJP won the seat in 1996. Yashwant
Sinha of BJP won the seat in 1998 and went on to become Finance
Minister and later Foreign Minister in the NDA government. He also won
the seat in 2009
Lok Sabha Elections. Bhubneshwar Prasad Mehta of
Communist Party of
India (CPI) won the seat in 2004 with the help of
seat sharing of the UPA.
Jayant Sinha , a senior leader of the
Bharatiya Janata Party and the
son of former Foreign Minister Yashwant Sinha, won the Lok Sabha
elections in 2014, defeating the closest rival Saurabh Narayan Singh
of the Indian National Congress by a huge margin of 1,59,128 votes.
Hazaribagh Times_ is a local newspaper.
* Barso Pani Cave, located at Barkagaon in
* Budhwa Mahadev Mandir (Lord Shiva Temple)
* The Chadwa Dam, about 15 km away from the town, is another picnic
* The lake of
Hazaribagh is also famous as a cafeteria which is the
picnic spot in the heart of the town.
Hazaribagh National Park has hillocks, deep nullahs, thick
tropical forests and grassy meadows. The sanctuary has wild bears ,
sambhar , nilgai , chital and kakar , sloth bears , and leopards .
Hazaribagh railway station is a great source of soharai art and
one of the most beautiful railway stations in the state.
* Canary Hill (meaning bow-arrow shaped in Santhali), not to be
confused with Canary, is a popular spot for nature lovers. There is a
guest house and a watch tower on the top of the hills. Recently a
proposal has been submitted for setting up a tiger and deer safari
* Khutra is a village known and famous for historical Jama masjid.
* Konar Dam, situated about 50 km east of Hazaribagh
* Narsingh Temple, dedicated to Narsingh avatar (incarnation) of
* Panchmandir is a famous Hindu temple and a major landmark located
in the heart of the city. It was constructed in year 1880 and is
considered as an architectural marvel. It is dedicated to the five
gods of Hindu mythology.
Rajrappa Mandir, 80 km away at the bank of river Damodar, is a
very sacred place.
* Saheed Nirmal Mahto Park, 2 km away from Dist. Board Chowk
Hazaribagh o NH33
* St. Stanislaus Sitagarha, a mango and litchi orchard with a
94-year-old Spanish architectural building
* Surajkund hot spring, 60 km away from city on NH2 near Barkattha
* Swarnajayanti Cafeteria at
Hazaribagh Jheel (Natural Lake) is a
major family attraction.
* Tillaya (Jhumri Tillaya) Dam, 45 km north from Hazaribagh
A. E. J. Collins (18 August 1885 – 11 November 1914) -
held the record for the highest score in cricket (628 not out) for 116
Subodh Ghosh - journalist and writer, born at
Hazaribagh in 1909;
also studied at St. Columbus College
Tapen Sen - judge in the
Calcutta High Court
Yashwant Sinha - Indian politician and a former finance minister
India (1990–1991) and March 1998 – July 2002. Foreign minister
(July 2002 – May 2004)
* Dr. Chandra Shekhar Singh - Professor of history and a member of
Indian History Congress .
Bulu Imam - environmental activist, Gandhi International Peace
Award Recipient, 2011.
Koderma produces 60%-65% of the world's mica; it is 60 km away
from the city.
Konar Dam , 51 km from Hazaribagh
Surajkund hot spring is 72 km from Hazaribagh. The water is
boiling and is beneficial for the treatment of skin diseases and
rheumatism. It is 2 km from Belkappi, near Barakattha, located halfway
between Barhi and Bagodar on Grand Trunk Road.
Tilaiya Dam across the Barakar River has beautiful hillocks all
around and there also nestles one Sainik School nearby.
* Hazaribag travel guide from Wikivoyage
Hazaribagh (community development block)
* ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 21, 2014.
Retrieved February 4, 2016.
* ^ Houlton, Sir John, Bihar, the Heart of India, Orient Longmans,
* ^ "Chota Nagpur Division" in _The Imperial Gazetteer of India_,
1909, Clarendon Press, Oxford. Vol. 10, Page 328.
* ^ "
Hazaribagh Town" in _The Imperial Gazetteer of India_, 1909,
Clarendon Press, Oxford. Vol. 13, Page 99.
* ^ Auswärtiges Amt; _6. Merkblatt über die Lage der Deutschen in
Britisch-Indien; die Internierungslager auf Ceylon und Jamaica;_
Berlin 1941; (Dez. 1942)
* ^ Nadia
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Provisional population totals,
(PDF). _Urban Agglomeration – Cities having population 1 lakh and
above_. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
* ^ "Provisional population totals,
India 2011" (PDF).
_Constituents of Urban Agglomerations haing population above 1 lakh
Census 2011_. Government of India. Retrieved 14 December
* ^ _A_ _B_ "2011
Census – Primary
Census Abstract Data Tables".
Jharkhand – District-wise_. Registrar General and Census
Commissioner, India. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
* ^ "
India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including
cities, villages and towns (Provisional)".
Census Commission of India.
Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.