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Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
(浜松市, Hamamatsu-shi, lit. "Coast Pine
Pine
Tree") is a city located in western Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of March 1, 2018, the city had an estimated population of 795,350, making it the prefecture's largest city and a population density of 510 persons per km2. The total area was 1,558.06 km2 (601.57 sq mi). On July 1, 2005, Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
absorbed the cities of Tenryū and Hamakita, the town of Haruno (from Shūchi District), the towns of Hosoe, Inasa and Mikkabi (all from Inasa District), the towns of Misakubo and Sakuma, the village of Tatsuyama (all from Iwata District), and the towns of Maisaka and Yūtō (both from Hamana District) to become the current and expanded city of Hamamatsu. It became a city designated by government ordinance on April 1, 2007.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Wards 2.3 Neighboring municipalities

3 Demographics

3.1 Brazilians

4 Economy

4.1 Companies headquartered in Hamamatsu 4.2 Companies founded in Hamamatsu

5 Transportation

5.1 Railways 5.2 Highways 5.3 Airport

6 Media

6.1 Radio stations

7 Education

7.1 Colleges and universities 7.2 Primary and secondary schools 7.3 Education of foreigners and Brazilians

8 Sports

8.1 Football 8.2 Basketball 8.3 Women's volleyball

9 International relations

9.1 Twin towns and sister cities

10 Local attractions

10.1 Festivals

10.1.1 Akiha Fire Festival 10.1.2 Enshu Dainenbutsu 10.1.3 Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Kite Festival 10.1.4 Hamakita Hiryu Festival 10.1.5 Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
International Piano Competition 10.1.6 Hamakita Manyo Festival 10.1.7 Inasa Puppet
Puppet
Festival 10.1.8 Princess Road Festival 10.1.9 Samba
Samba
Festival 10.1.10 Shoryu Weeping Ume Blossom Festival

11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit]

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Hirokoji Street in the 1930s

Part of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Skyline

A bird's-eye view of downtown Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
from the tallest building (Act Tower)

The area now comprising Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
has been settled since prehistoric times, with numerous remains from the Jōmon period
Jōmon period
and Kofun period having been discovered within the present city limits, including the Shijimizuka site
Shijimizuka site
shell mound and the Akamonue Kofun
Akamonue Kofun
ancient tomb. In the Nara period, it became the capital of Tōtōmi Province. During the Sengoku period, Hamamatsu Castle
Hamamatsu Castle
was the home of future shōgun Tokugawa Ieyasu. Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
flourished during the Edo period
Edo period
under a succession of daimyō rulers as a castle town, and as a post town on the Tōkaidō. After the Meiji Restoration, Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
became a short-lived prefecture from 1871 to 1876, after which it was united with Shizuoka Prefecture. Hamamatsu Station
Hamamatsu Station
opened on the Tōkaidō Main Line in 1889. The same year, in a cadastal reform of Japan, Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
became a town.

July 1, 1911: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is upgraded from a town to a city 1918: Rice riots of 1918
Rice riots of 1918
affect Hamamatsu 1921: The village of Tenjinchō merges with Hamamatsu 1926: Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
Hamamatsu Air Base
Hamamatsu Air Base
opens 1933: Imperial Japanese Army
Imperial Japanese Army
Flight School opens 1936: The villages of Hikuma and Fujizuka merge with Hamamatsu December 7, 1944: Tonankai earthquake causes much damage June 1945: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
largely destroyed by US air raids 1948: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Incident, ethnic rioting of Zainichi Korean
Zainichi Korean
residents. 1951: The villages of Aratsu, Goto, and Kawarin merge with Hamamatsu 1954: Eight villages in Hamana District merge with Hamamatsu 1955: The village of Miyakoda merges with Hamamatsu 1957: The village of Irino merges with Hamamatsu 1960: The village of Seto merges with Hamamatsu 1961: The village of Shinohara merges with Hamamatsu 1965: The village of Shonai merges with Hamamatsu May 1, 1990: Hamamatsu Arena
Hamamatsu Arena
opened January 1, 1991: The village of Kami in Hamana District merges with Hamamatsu. April 1, 1991: The first Hamamatsu International Piano Competition was held. May 1, 1994: Act City Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
opened. October 1, 1995: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Museum of Musical Instruments opened. April 1, 1996: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is designated a core city by the central government. June 1, 1996: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City Fruit Park opened. January 1, 1997: Started separated collection of garbage in residential areas. April 1, 1997: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is designated as an Omnibus Town. April 1, 1998: Act City Musical School opened. April 3, 2000: Shizuoka University of Art and Culture
Shizuoka University of Art and Culture
opened. July 1, 2001: The city's 90th anniversary is commemorated August 1, 2002: Launched the conference on Pan-Hamanako Designated City Simulation. April 1, 2003: Shizuoka New Kawafuji National High School Competition was held. June 1, 2003: Launched Tenryūgawa-Hamanako Region Merger Conference. April 8 – October 11, 2004: Pacific Flora 2004 (Shizuoka International Garden and Horticulture Exhibition) was held at Hamanako Garden Park. July 1, 2005: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
absorbed the cities of Hamakita and Tenryū; the town of Haruno (from Shūchi District), the towns of Hosoe, Inasa and Mikkabi (all from Inasa District), the towns of Misakubo and Sakuma, the village of Tatsuyama (all from Iwata District), and the towns of Maisaka and Yūtō (both from Hamana District) were merged intoHamamatsu. Inasa District and Iwata District were both dissolved as a result of this merger. Therefore, there are no more villages left in Shizuoka Prefecture. April 1, 2007: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
became a city designated by government ordinance by the central government.

Geography[edit] Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is 260 kilometres (160 mi) southwest of Tokyo.[1] Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
consists of a flat plain and the Mikatahara Plateau in the south, and a mountainous area in the north. It is roughly bordered by Lake Hamana
Lake Hamana
to the west, the Tenryū River
Tenryū River
to the east, and the Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
to the south. Climate[edit]

View of Mt. Fuji from Hamamatsu

The climate in southern Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
has a humid subtropical climate with cool to mild winters with little snowfall; however, it is windy in winter because of the dry monsoon called Enshū no Karakaze, which is unique to the region. The climate in northern Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is much harsher because of foehn winds. Summer is hot with the highest temperature often exceeds 35 degrees in the Tenryu-ku area, while it snows in winter.

Climate data for Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Averages (1981–2010), Records (1883–2012)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.7 (69.3) 22.5 (72.5) 24.7 (76.5) 28.1 (82.6) 31.3 (88.3) 36.7 (98.1) 38.6 (101.5) 39.3 (102.7) 36.6 (97.9) 31.0 (87.8) 27.8 (82) 22.6 (72.7) 39.3 (102.7)

Average high °C (°F) 10.1 (50.2) 11.1 (52) 14.3 (57.7) 19.3 (66.7) 23.0 (73.4) 25.8 (78.4) 29.4 (84.9) 31.1 (88) 28.2 (82.8) 23.1 (73.6) 17.9 (64.2) 12.7 (54.9) 20.5 (68.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) 5.9 (42.6) 6.5 (43.7) 9.7 (49.5) 14.7 (58.5) 18.7 (65.7) 22.0 (71.6) 25.7 (78.3) 27.0 (80.6) 24.1 (75.4) 18.8 (65.8) 13.5 (56.3) 8.4 (47.1) 16.3 (61.3)

Average low °C (°F) 2.5 (36.5) 2.7 (36.9) 5.6 (42.1) 10.4 (50.7) 14.9 (58.8) 19.0 (66.2) 23.0 (73.4) 24.0 (75.2) 21.0 (69.8) 15.3 (59.5) 9.8 (49.6) 4.8 (40.6) 12.8 (55)

Record low °C (°F) −6 (21) −5.5 (22.1) −3.3 (26.1) 0.0 (32) 4.7 (40.5) 10.4 (50.7) 15.3 (59.5) 16.8 (62.2) 12.4 (54.3) 3.8 (38.8) 0.1 (32.2) −4.1 (24.6) −6 (21)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.0 (2.244) 78.3 (3.083) 149.4 (5.882) 167.5 (6.594) 190.5 (7.5) 241.3 (9.5) 190.0 (7.48) 150.8 (5.937) 248.9 (9.799) 164.5 (6.476) 118.8 (4.677) 52.3 (2.059) 1,809.1 (71.224)

Average relative humidity (%) 58 57 60 65 71 78 80 77 75 70 66 61 68

Mean monthly sunshine hours 196.5 184.2 191.0 195.6 195.8 148.3 177.5 222.6 161.0 165.9 170.0 199.5 2,207.9

Source: JMA[2]

Wards[edit]

Wards of Hamamatsu

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is administratively divided into seven wards:

Hamakita-ku (浜北区) Higashi-ku (東区) Kita-ku (北区) Minami-ku (南区) Naka-ku (中区)—administrative center Nishi-ku (西区) Tenryū-ku (天竜区)

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Downtown of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
city (near city hall)

Lake Hamana

Nakatajima sand dunes

Ryugashido Cave

Lake Sanaru

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Castle

Shizuoka Prefecture

Iwata Kosai Shimada Mori Kawanehon

Aichi Prefecture

Toyohashi Shinshiro Tōei Toyone

Nagano Prefecture

Iida Tenryū

Demographics[edit]

Super Mercado Takara, a Brazilian supermarket

Suzuki
Suzuki
Motor

YAMAHA Motor

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2015)

As of the 2008 Japanese census the total population was estimated to be 824,057.[3] As of an unspecified year, 29,635 non-Japanese live in Hamamatsu.[4] As of 2008[update] the number of non-Japanese in Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
was 33,332,[3] and by 2010 the number was about 30,000. The population of Nikkei foreigners increased after a 1990 change in Japanese immigration law allowed them to work in Japan. Many foreigners work in the manufacturing sector, taking temporary jobs in Honda, Suzuki, and Yamaha
Yamaha
plants.[1] Since 1990 the number of non-Japanese children in Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
increased. Natsuko Fukue of The Japan
Japan
Times wrote in 2010 that many foreign children have difficulty integrating to society in Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
because "Japanese and foreign communities live largely separate from one another."[1] The foreign population dropped significantly in the aftermath of the global financial crisis in 2008, with the Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
city government offering aid for some foreign nationals to return to their home countries.[5] Brazilians[edit] See also: Brazilians in Japan See also: Dekasegi As of an unspecified period the city has 15,899 Brazilians, making up 60% of the foreign population.[4] As of 2008[update] Brazilians were the majority of the foreigners in the city.[3] Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
has the largest Brazilian Nikkei population of any Japanese city,[6] but as of 2007[update] it is the city of Ōizumi, Gunma
Ōizumi, Gunma
which has the highest concentration of them.[7] Toshiko Sugino (杉野 俊子 Sugino Toshiko) of the National Defense Academy of Japan
Japan
wrote that people in Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
"are considered open-minded" to the ethnic diversity.[4] The city has a lot of Portuguese signage. It includes a Brazilian school, and many businesses catering to Brazilians display Brazilian flags.[4] As of an unspecified year, there were 2,500 Brazilian residents under the age of 18, with 1,600 of them being under 15. As of that unspecified year, 500 Brazilian minors were not attending any educational institution.[8] The chairperson of the Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
NPO Network Center, Mitsue Inoue, stated in 2010 that "There are many Brazilian supermarkets and schools (in Hamamatsu), but Japanese living there don't know that they exist."[1] Economy[edit]

A map showing Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Metropolitan Employment Area.

Downtown Hamamatsu

Eel, for which Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is famous

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
has been famous as an industrial city, especially for musical instruments and motorcycles. It also has been known for fabric industry, but most of those companies and factories went out of business in the 1990s. As of 2010, Greater Hamamatsu, Hamamatsu Metropolitan Employment Area, has a GDP of US$54.3 billion.[9][10] Companies headquartered in Hamamatsu[edit]

Hamamatsu Photonics
Hamamatsu Photonics
K.K.[11] Kawai Musical Instruments
Kawai Musical Instruments
Mfg. Roland Corporation Suzuki
Suzuki
Motor Co. Tōkai Gakki
Tōkai Gakki
(also known as Tokai Guitars Company Ltd.) Yamaha
Yamaha
Corporation

Companies founded in Hamamatsu[edit]

Honda
Honda
Motor Co.

Transportation[edit]

Hamamatsu Station
Hamamatsu Station
exterior

Hamamatsu Station
Hamamatsu Station
interior

Railways[edit]

Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company: Tōkaidō Shinkansen

Hamamatsu

Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company: Tōkaidō Main Line

Tenryūgawa • Hamamatsu • Takatsuka • Maisaka • Bentenjima

Central Japan
Japan
Railway Company: Iida Line

Izumma • Kamiichiba • Urakawa • Hayase • Shimokawai • Chūbu-Tenryū • Sakuma • Aizuki • Shironishi • Mukaichiba • Misakubo • Ōzore • Kowada

Enshū Railway: Enshū Railway Line

Shin-Hamamatsu • Dai-Ichi-dōri • Enshū-Byōin • Hachiman • Sukenobu • Enshū-Hikuma • Enshū-Kamijima • Jidōsha-Gakkō-Mae • Saginomiya • Sekishi • Enshū-Nishigasaki • Enshū-Komatsu • Hamakita • Misono-Chūō-kōen • Enshū-Kobayashi • Enshū-Shibamoto • Enshū-Gansuiji • Nishi-Kajima

Tenryū Hamanako Railroad: Tenryū Hamanako Line

Tenryū-Futamata • Futamata-Hommachi • Nishi-Kajima • Gansuiji • Miyaguchi • Fruit Park • Miyakoda • Hamamatsudaigakumae • Kanasashi • Kigakōkōmae • Kiga • Nishi-Kiga • Sunza • Hamanako-Sakume • Higashi-Tsuzuki • Tsuzuki • Mikkabi • Okuhamanako • Ona

Highways[edit]

Expressways

Tōmei Expressway
Tōmei Expressway
( Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
interchange, Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Nishi interchange, and Mikkabi interchange) Shin-Tōmei Expressway Sanen Nanshin Highway (under construction)

Bypasses

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Bypass Hamana Bypass

National Highways

National Route 1 National Route 42 National Route 150 National Route 152 National Route 257 National Route 301 National Route 362 National Route 473

Airport[edit] There are no civilian airports in Hamamatsu. Shizuoka Airport (34°47′46″N 138°11′22″E / 34.796111°N 138.189444°E / 34.796111; 138.189444) is the closest, located 43 kilometres (27 mi) from Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Station, between Makinohara and Shimada. Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Chūbu Centrair International Airport
in Aichi Prefecture, located about 87 kilometres (54 mi)[12] west of the city, is the second closest. Media[edit] Radio stations[edit]

FM Haro! (JOZZ6AB FM, 76.1 MHz) K-MIX (JOKU FM, 78.4 MHz) NHK FM (JOPK FM, 82.1 MHz) (in Portuguese) Radio Phoenix (internet)[13]

Education[edit]

Shizuoka University
Shizuoka University
Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Campus

Shizuoka University
Shizuoka University
of Art and Culture

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Municipal Senior High School

Colleges and universities[edit]

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Gakuin University Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
University Hamamatsu University
Hamamatsu University
School of Medicine Seirei Christopher University Shizuoka University
Shizuoka University
(Faculty of Engineering and Faculty of Informatics) Shizuoka University
Shizuoka University
of Art and Culture

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (October 2015)

Senior high schools operated by Shizuoka Prefecture:

Shizuoka Prefectural Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
North High School (静岡県立浜松北高等学校) Shizuoka Prefectural Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Nishi (West) Senior and Junior High Schools (静岡県立浜松西高等学校・中等部) Shizuoka Prefectural Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
East High School (静岡県立浜松東高等学校) Shizuoka Prefectural Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
South High School (静岡県立浜松南高等学校) Shizuoka Prefectural Kiga High School (静岡県立気賀高等学校) Shizuoka Prefectural Kohoku High School (静岡県立浜松湖東高等学校) Shizuoka Prefectural Mikkabi High School (静岡県立三ヶ日高等学校)

There is one senior high school operated by the city government: Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Municipal Senior High School Elementary and junior high schools are operated by the city government. As of 2008[update], the city had 117 public elementary schools and 52 public junior high schools.[14] The city has the following Brazilian international schools:

Escola Brasil (former Escola Brasileira de Hamamatsu) - Primary and secondary school[15] Escola Alegria de Saber - Primary and secondary school[15] Escola Alcance - Primary school[15]

It has one combined Peruvian school (ペルー学校) and Brazilian primary school, Mundo de Alegría.[15][16] The city formerly hosted other Brazilian schools, Colégio Pitágoras Brasil and Escola Cantinho Feliz.[17] The city includes a Brazilian curriculum, Portuguese-language private school[which?], serving elementary school through senior high school. The school, which opened in 1996, is accredited in Brazil
Brazil
but not by Japanese authorities. As of an unspecified time period, the school had 100 students. The principal stated that he painted and remodeled the school facilities, a former dormitory used by a company.[4] Education of foreigners and Brazilians[edit] As of May 1, 2009, the municipal elementary and junior high schools had 1,638 non-Japanese students.[18] As of 2008[update], there were 932 Brazilians enrolled in Hamamatsu's municipal elementary and junior high schools: 646 Brazilians were enrolled in 61 public elementary schools, and 286 Brazilians were enrolled in 38 public junior high schools.[14] Within public schools Brazilian students have the same academic programs and take the same classes as Japanese nationals.[14] Special teachers and assistants work with foreign students at municipal elementary and junior high schools with significant numbers of non-Japanese enrolled.[19] In particular the schools use their part-time interpreters to assist Brazilian students. The interpreters are not formal teachers, yet Tsutsumi Angela Aparecida of Hamamatsu's Burajiru Fureai Kai wrote that "[t]heir assistance has become very useful".[14] Toshiko Sugino of the National Defense Academy of Japan wrote that the municipal and prefectural schools in Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
"follow traditional views of education and enforce rigid school rules" despite the reputation of open-mindedness in the residents of Hamamatsu, causing some foreigners to send their non-Japanese children to foreign private schools.[4] As of 2008[update] many Brazilian parents have difficulty in deciding whether to send their children to Japanese schools or Brazilian schools, and it is common for Brazilian children attending Japanese schools to switch to a Brazilian school and vice versa.[14] By 2010 many Brazilian parents had lost their jobs due to an economic decline, and many were unable to afford the Brazilian school annual tuitions of ¥30,000 to ¥40,000.[1] As of 2010[update] about 50% of Brazilians of high school age in Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
do not attend high school. The inability to afford high school and difficulty with Japanese resulted in lower high school attendance rates. Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
NPO Network Center has made efforts to increase school attendance.[1] In Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
volunteers and a non-profit organization have established Japanese-language classes and native language classes for foreign children.[19] Sports[edit] Football[edit]

Honda
Honda
F.C. which plays Japan
Japan
Football League (third division) games at their own Miyakoda Soccer Stadium. Honda
Honda
competed in the Japan
Japan
Soccer League's First Division from 1981 to 1991, but chose to relegate itself and not compete in the professional divisions due to parent company Honda's choice to retain team ownership. Many Hamamatsu football fans prefer to follow Júbilo Iwata, across the Tenryū River in Iwata. Júbilo maintains a club shop within Hamamatsu. Volare FC Hamamatsu, an autonomous club who competed in the Tokai Regional Football League Division 2 in 2011, flouted plans to either overtake Honda
Honda
FC or merge with it, but it finished last in the Tokai League and was relegated. Hamamatsu University
Hamamatsu University
also keeps a team in the said division, but college teams cannot be promoted to the top three tiers.

Basketball[edit]

SAN-EN NeoPhoenix
SAN-EN NeoPhoenix
plays in the B.League, Japan's first division of professional basketball. The team plays its home games at the Toyohashi City General Gymnasium.

The Hamamatsu Arena
Hamamatsu Arena
was one of the host arenas of the 2006 FIBA World Championship. Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
3x3 FIBA: Placed Second at FIBA World Tour FInal in ABU Dhabi in 2016. (Bikramjit Gill, Inderbir Gill, Chiro Kheda) Women's volleyball[edit] Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
was one of the host cities of the official 2010 Women's Volleyball World Championship.

Honda
Honda
Miyakoda Soccer Stadium

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Arena

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Baseball Stadium

International relations[edit] Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
has ratified Music Culture Exchange Treaty with the following cities (however, of the following Rochester is the only official sister city):

Rochester, New York, United States
United States
(since October 1, 1996)

Twin towns and sister cities[edit] Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is twinned with:

Warsaw, Poland
Poland
(since February 1990)[20] Porterville, California, United States[21] (since February 1981) Camas, Washington, United States[21] (since September 1981) Chehalis, Washington, United States[21] (since October 1998) Rochester, New York, United States[21] (since October 2006) Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil
Brazil
(since June 2008) Shenyang, Liaoning, China
China
(since August 2010) Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
China
(since April 2012) Taipei, Special
Special
municipality, Taiwan
Taiwan
(since July 2013) Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
Italy
(since April 2014) Bandung, West Java, Indonesia
Indonesia
(since December 2014)

Local attractions[edit]

Act City Tower
Act City Tower
Observatory: Hamamatsu's only skyscraper, situated next to JR Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Station, is a symbol of the city. It was designed to resemble a harmonica, a reminder that Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
is sometimes known as the "City of Music". The building houses shopping and a food court, the Okura Hotel, and an observatory on the 45th floor overlooking all of central Hamamatsu, even down to the sand dunes at the shore. Chopin Monument This is a 1:1-scale replica of the famous Art Nouveau bronze statue of Chopin by the famed artist Wacław Szymanowski. The original is in Hamamatsu's sister city, Warsaw.  Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Castle: Hamamatsu Castle
Hamamatsu Castle
Park stretches from the modern city hall building to the north. The castle is located on a hill in the southeast corner of the park, near city hall. It was built by Tokugawa Ieyasu. His rule marks the beginning of the Edo period. Tokugawa Ieyasu lived here from 1571 to 1588. There is a small museum inside, which houses some armor and other relics of the period, as well as a miniature model of how the city might have looked 400 years ago. North of the castle is a large park with a Japanese garden, a koi pond, a ceremonial teahouse, and some commons areas. Nakatajima Sand Dunes: one of the three largest sand dune areas in Japan Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Flower Park Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Fruit Park Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Municipal Zoo Iinoya-gū shrine Hamamatsu Tōshō-gū shrine

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Castle

Nakatajima Sand Dunes

Hamanako Garden Park

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Wedding Central Park

Lake Hamana

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Pacific Ocean

Lake Hamana
Lake Hamana
PALPAL

Festivals[edit] Akiha Fire Festival[edit]

Haruno, Tenryu-ku: December

Ever since long ago, Mount Akiha was believed to have supernatural powers to prevent fires. Bow and arrow, sword, and fire dances are performed at the Akiha Shrine. At the Akiha Temple, a firewalking ceremony is performed where both believers and spectators celebrate the festival. Enshu Dainenbutsu[edit]

During Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Festival

Saigagake Museum, Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City: July 15

When a family commemorates the first Obon holidays after the death of a loved one, they may request that a dainenbutsu (Buddhist chanting ritual) be performed outside their house. This is one of the local performing arts of the region. The group always forms a procession in front of the house led by a person carrying a lantern and marches to the sound of flutes, Japanese drums and cymbals. Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Kite Festival[edit]

Naka-ku, Minami-ku, others: May

Hamamatsu Kite Festival
Hamamatsu Kite Festival
is also called Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Festival. Hamamatsu Kite Festival held from May 3 to May 5 each year, includes a Tako Gassen, or kite fight, and luxuriously decorated palace-like floats. The festival originated about 430 years ago, when the lord of Hamamatsu Castle
Hamamatsu Castle
celebrated the birth of his first son by flying kites. In the Meiji Era, the celebration of the birth of a first son by flying Hatsu Dako, or the first kite, became popular, and this tradition has survived in the form of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Kite Festival. During the nights of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Kite Festival, people parade downtown carrying over 70 yatai, or palace-lake floats, that are beautifully decorated while playing Japanese traditional festival music. The festival reaches its peak when groups representing the city's various districts compete by energetically marching through the downtown streets. Hamakita Hiryu Festival[edit]

Hamakita-ku: June

This festival is held in honor of Ryujin, the god believed to be associated with the Tenryū River, and features a wide variety of events such as the Hamakita takoage (kite flying) event and the Hiryu himatsuri (flying dragon fire festival) which celebrates water, sound, and flame. Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
International Piano Competition[edit]

November

This festival celebrates Hamamatsu's history as a city of musical instruments and music, and brings dozens of the best young pianists from all over the world. It has been held triennially since 1991 at the Act City Concert Hall and Main Hall. Hamakita Manyo Festival[edit]

Hamakita-ku, Hamamatsu: October

This event takes place in Manyo-no-Mori Park to commemorate the Manyo Period and introduce its culture. As part of the festival, people reenact the ancient past by wearing traditional clothes from the Heian period and presenting Japanese poetry
Japanese poetry
readings. Inasa Puppet
Puppet
Festival[edit]

Inasa, Kita-ku: November

One of the few puppet festivals held in Japan, featuring 60 performances of about 30 plays by puppet masters from all over the country. The shows provide a full day of enjoyment for both children and adults. Princess Road Festival[edit]

Hosoe, Kita-ku: April

This reenactment of a procession made by the princess in her palanquin along with her entourage of over 100 people including maids, samurai, and servants makes for a splendid scene beneath the cherry blossoms along the Toda River. In the Edo period, princesses enjoyed traveling this road which came to be known as a hime kaidō (princess road). Samba
Samba
Festival[edit] The Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Samba
Samba
Festival is held in the city.[22] Shoryu Weeping Ume Blossom Festival[edit]

Inasa, Kita-ku: late February to late March

In Ryusui Garden there is a stream with seven small waterfalls and about 80 weeping ume trees pruned to give the appearance of dragons riding on clouds to the heavens. There are also 200 young trees planted along the mountainside. Notable people[edit]

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Hiroshi Amano, 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics
Nobel Prize in Physics
winner Haruhi Aiso, singer, songwriter Barasui, manga artist Yuri Chinen, J-pop talent, singer Yōsuke Fujigaya, professional football player Yuji Fujimoto, politician Ken Fujita, professional football player Hironoshin Furuhashi, Olympic swimmer Kazuhiro Furuhashi, anime movie director Tatsuya Furuhashi, professional football player Taketoshi Gotoh, professional baseball player Akari Hibino, voice actress Soichiro Honda, engineer, industrialist, founder of Honda
Honda
Motor Company Yusuke Inuzuka, professional football player Yasuhide Ito, musician Toshio Kakei, actor Takeshi Kamo, Olympic football player Yoko Kando, Olympic swimmer Naoyuki Kato, illustrator Genichi Kawakami, former president of Yamaha Keisuke Kinoshita, movie director Naoyuki Kinoshita, art historian Sanae Kobayashi, voice actress Shigetatsu Matsunaga, professional football player Takuya Matsuura, professional football player Kanako Momota, J-pop singer and leader of Momoiro Clover Z Kiiti Morita, mathematician Ken Namba, composer Jiro Ono, renowned sushi chef Yuki Oshitani, professional football player Ken'ya Ōsumi, dancer Keisuke Ota, professional football player Yoshiaki Ota, professional football player Kentaro Sato, composer Shinichiro Sawai, movie director, screenwriter Goro Shimura, mathematician Ryu Shionoya, politician Hideto Suzuki, professional football player Koji Suzuki, science-fiction writer Michio Suzuki, founder of Suzuki
Suzuki
Motors Yasutomo Suzuki, politician, mayor of Hamamatsu Saya Takagi, actress Kenjiro Takayanagi, engineer, pioneer in development of the television Nobuhiro Takeda, professional football player Kenji Tsuruta, manga artist Kōji Tsuruta, actor Azumi Uehara, J-pop singer Hiromi Uehara, Jazz composer, pianist Kosuke Yamamoto, professional football player Masaaki Yanagishita, professional football player Kisho Yano, professional football player

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal

Nikkei Brazilians at a Brazilian School in Japan

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Fukue, Natsuko. "Nonprofit brings together foreign, Japanese residents in Hamamatsu" (Archive). The Japan
Japan
Times. March 13, 2010. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. ^ "JMA". JMA. Retrieved May 30, 2012.  ^ a b c Aparecida, Tsutsumi Angela (Burajiru Fureai Kai). "The Contradiction Between “Being and Seeming” Reinforces Low Academic Performance " (Archive). US- China
China
Education Review B 2 (2012) p. 217-223. CITED: p. 217. ^ a b c d e f Sugino, Toshiko (National Defense Academy of Japan). "Linguistic Challenges and Possibilities of Immigrants In Case of Nikkei Brazilians in Japan" (Country Note on Topics for Breakout Session 4) (Archive). Centre for Education Research and Innovation (CERI), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(See list of reports. p. 4/8. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. ^ Tabuchi, Hiroko (2009-04-22). " Japan
Japan
Pays Foreign Workers to Go Home, Forever". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-03-06.  ^ Sugino, Toshiko (National Defense Academy of Japan). "Linguistic Challenges and Possibilities of Immigrants In Case of Nikkei Brazilians in Japan" (Country Note on Topics for Breakout Session 4) (Archive). Centre for Education Research and Innovation (CERI), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(See list of reports. p. 1/8. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. ^ Sugino, Toshiko, Ed. D. (Temple University). "Nikkei Brazilians at a Brazilian school in Japan: Factors affecting language decisions and education" (PhD thesis). Temple University, 2007. Publication Number 3293262. See profile at Google Books. cited: p. 56. ^ Sugino, Toshiko (National Defense Academy of Japan). "Linguistic Challenges and Possibilities of Immigrants In Case of Nikkei Brazilians in Japan" (Country Note on Topics for Breakout Session 4) (Archive). Centre for Education Research and Innovation (CERI), Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
(See list of reports. p. 5/8. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto. "Metropolitan Employment Area (MEA) Data". Center for Spatial Information Science, The University of Tokyo.  ^ Conversion rates - Exchange rates - OECD Data ^ "Headquarters." Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Photonics. Retrieved on February 17, 2015. ^ From Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Chūbu Centrair International Airport
to Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
station (34°42′14″N 137°44′05″E / 34.703866°N 137.734759°E / 34.703866; 137.734759) (surveying http://vldb.gsi.go.jp/sokuchi/surveycalc/bl2stf.html (in Japanese)) ^ "Radio Phoenix - CONECTOU...TÁ NA PHOENIX". Radiophoenix.jp. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ a b c d e Aparecida, Tsutsumi Angela (Burajiru Fureai Kai). "The Contradiction Between “Being and Seeming” Reinforces Low Academic Performance" (Archive). US- China
China
Education Review B 2 (2012) p. 217-223. CITED: p. 218. ^ a b c d "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil
Brazil
in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015. ^ "Ubicación y Acceso." Mundo de Alegría. Retrieved on October 24, 2015. "〒431-0102 Shizuoka-ken Hamamatsu-shi Nishi-ku Yuto-cho Ubumi 9611-1" - Japanese address: "住所 〒431-0102 静岡県 浜松市 西区 雄踏町 宇布見 9611-1" ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil
Brazil
in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015. ^ Kitawaki, Yasuyuki (北脇保之) (Former mayor of Hamamatsu, Director of the Center for Multilingual Multicultural Education and Research, Tokyo
Tokyo
University of Foreign Studies (CEMMER, 東京外国語大学多言語・多文化教育研究センター)). "A Japanese approach to municipal diversity management: The case of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City" (Archive). Managing Diversity: Stronger Communities, Better Cities. Information about the book (Archive). At the Council of Europe website. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. PDF p. 7-8/13. ^ a b Kitawaki, Yasuyuki (北脇保之) (Former mayor of Hamamatsu, Director of the Center for Multilingual Multicultural Education and Research, Tokyo
Tokyo
University of Foreign Studies (CEMMER, 東京外国語大学多言語・多文化教育研究センター)). "A Japanese approach to municipal diversity management: The case of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City" (Archive). Managing Diversity: Stronger Communities, Better Cities. Information about the book (Archive). At the Council of Europe website. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. PDF p. 8/13. ^ "Miasta partnerskie Warszawy". um.warszawa.pl (in Polish). Biuro Promocji Miasta. 2005-05-04. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-29.  ^ a b c d "US- Japan
Japan
Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.  ^ Kitawaki, Yasuyuki (北脇保之) (Former mayor of Hamamatsu, Director of the Center for Multilingual Multicultural Education and Research, Tokyo
Tokyo
University of Foreign Studies (CEMMER, 東京外国語大学多言語・多文化教育研究センター)). "A Japanese approach to municipal diversity management: The case of Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City" (Archive). Managing Diversity: Stronger Communities, Better Cities. Information about the book (Archive). At the Council of Europe website. Retrieved on October 12, 2015. PDF p. 9/13.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hamamatsu, Shizuoka.

Official website (in Japanese) Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City official website (in English) In Hamamatsu Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
travel guide from Wikivoyage Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
Daisuki Net (I love Hamamatsu) (in English)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 139577159 LCCN: n82082763 GND: 4291768-2 BNF: cb119602626 (d

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