HALEBIDU (literally "old city") is a town located in Hassan District
Halebidu (which used to be called Dorasamudra or
Dwarasamudra) was the regal capital of the
Hoysala Empire in the 12th
century. It is home to some of the best examples of Hoysala
architecture . Most notable are the ornate Hoysaleshwara and
Kedareshwara temples. The city got the name "Halebidu" because it was
ransacked two times during the invasion of
Malik Kafur .
* 1 History
* 3 Gallery
* 4 Getting there
* 5 See also
* 6 References
* 7 External links
Halebidu was the 12th-13th century capital of the
Hoysala empire .
The Hoysaleshwara temple was built during this time by Ketamala
(around 1121 AD) and attributed to King
Vishnuvardhana , the Hoysala
ruler. It is believed to have been completed around 1160 AD by
Kedaroja, the chief architect of Vishnuvardhana's son and successor
Narasimha I (1142 - 1173). It enshrines Hoysaleshwara and
Shantaleshwara, named after King
Vishnuvardhana Hoysala and his Queen
The town was sacked by the armies of
Malik Kafur in the early 14th
century, after which it fell into a state of disrepair and neglect.
Hoysaleswara temple ;
Kedareswara temple ; and Jain
The temple complex comprises two Hindu temples , the Hoysaleshwara
and Kedareshwara temples and two
Jain basadi . In front of these
temples there is a large lake. The two Nandi images on the sides of
the Hoysaleshwara temple are monoliths .
Soapstone (chloritic schist)
was used for the construction of these temples. There is an
archeological museum in the temple complex.
The Hoysaleshwara temple , dating back to the 1121 C.E., is
astounding for its wealth of sculptural details. The walls of the
temple are covered with an endless variety of depictions from Hindu
mythology, animals, birds and shilabalikas or dancing figures. No two
sculptures of the temple are the same. This temple, guarded by a Nandi
bull, was never completed, despite 86 years of labour. The
nearby are equally rich in sculptural detail.
The PARSHVANATHA BASADI was built by Boppadeva in 1133AD during the
Vishnuvardhana by Boppana, the son of the famous Gangaraja
who was a minister under Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana. There is an 18
Parshvanatha tirthankara statue inside the
Basadi made of
black granite stone. Sculpture of Yaksha Dharanendra and Yakshi
Padmavati present in mahamantapa.
The SHANTINATHA BASADI was built around 1192 A.D., during the reign
of Ballala II. There is an 18 ft. tall statue of
Shantinatha . This
temple is now being proposed as a UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site .
The ADINATHA BASADI is a small
Jain basadi built in 12th century. The
temple houses an idol of Adinatha and Hindu goddess Saraswati.
18 feet (5.5 m) sculpture of
Parshvanatha in the
18 feet (5.5 m) sculpture of
Shantinatha in the
Bahubali monolith of
The decorated outer wall of the main temple
Nandi sculpture in Kedareshwara temple
Vamana relief sculpture Kedareshwara temple
Close up of entrance to Hoysaleshwara temple
Relief of battling elephants in Hoysaleshwara temple
View of stellate form of shrine outer wall at the Hoysaleshwara
Halebidu is 16 km away from the one more historical place
Belur . It
is well connected by road and rail to
Mangalore and Mysore
. There are regular buses to Hassan . The distance is 149 km to Mysore
and 31 km to Hassan.
* ^ "Temples at
Belur and Halebidu". helabidu originally means Hela
empire where Ravan the hela empire ruined over Bharath with his mighty
power. Helabidu really means owns to king of Hela. Retrieved
* ^ A B "
Halebidu - Temples of Karnataka". TempleNet.com. Retrieved
* ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed.
India through the ages.
Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,
Government of India. p. 178.
* ^ http://asibengalurucircle.in/parsvanatha-basti-halebid
* ^ http://asibengalurucircle.in/shantinatha-basti-halebid