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HALEBIDU (literally "old city") is a town located in Hassan District , Karnataka
Karnataka
, India
India
. Halebidu
Halebidu
(which used to be called Dorasamudra or Dwarasamudra) was the regal capital of the Hoysala Empire
Hoysala Empire
in the 12th century. It is home to some of the best examples of Hoysala architecture . Most notable are the ornate Hoysaleshwara and Kedareshwara temples. The city got the name "Halebidu" because it was ransacked two times during the invasion of Malik Kafur
Malik Kafur
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Temple
Temple
complex * 3 Gallery * 4 Getting there * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Halebidu
Halebidu
was the 12th-13th century capital of the Hoysala empire
Hoysala empire
. The Hoysaleshwara temple was built during this time by Ketamala (around 1121 AD) and attributed to King Vishnuvardhana
Vishnuvardhana
, the Hoysala ruler. It is believed to have been completed around 1160 AD by Kedaroja, the chief architect of Vishnuvardhana's son and successor Narasimha I (1142 - 1173). It enshrines Hoysaleshwara and Shantaleshwara, named after King Vishnuvardhana
Vishnuvardhana
Hoysala and his Queen Shantala Devi.

The town was sacked by the armies of Malik Kafur
Malik Kafur
in the early 14th century, after which it fell into a state of disrepair and neglect.

TEMPLE COMPLEX

Main articles: Hoysaleswara temple
Hoysaleswara temple
; Kedareswara temple ; and Jain Basadi complex, Halebidu
Halebidu

The temple complex comprises two Hindu temples , the Hoysaleshwara and Kedareshwara temples and two Jain
Jain
basadi . In front of these temples there is a large lake. The two Nandi images on the sides of the Hoysaleshwara temple are monoliths . Soapstone
Soapstone
(chloritic schist) was used for the construction of these temples. There is an archeological museum in the temple complex.

The Hoysaleshwara temple , dating back to the 1121 C.E., is astounding for its wealth of sculptural details. The walls of the temple are covered with an endless variety of depictions from Hindu mythology, animals, birds and shilabalikas or dancing figures. No two sculptures of the temple are the same. This temple, guarded by a Nandi bull, was never completed, despite 86 years of labour. The Jain
Jain
basadi nearby are equally rich in sculptural detail.

The PARSHVANATHA BASADI was built by Boppadeva in 1133AD during the reign of Vishnuvardhana
Vishnuvardhana
by Boppana, the son of the famous Gangaraja who was a minister under Hoysala King Vishnuvardhana. There is an 18 ft tall Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
tirthankara statue inside the Basadi made of black granite stone. Sculpture of Yaksha Dharanendra and Yakshi Padmavati present in mahamantapa.

The SHANTINATHA BASADI was built around 1192 A.D., during the reign of Ballala II. There is an 18 ft. tall statue of Shantinatha
Shantinatha
. This temple is now being proposed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
.

The ADINATHA BASADI is a small Jain
Jain
basadi built in 12th century. The temple houses an idol of Adinatha and Hindu goddess Saraswati.

GALLERY

*

18 feet (5.5 m) sculpture of Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
in the Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
basadi *

Parshvanatha
Parshvanatha
basadi *

18 feet (5.5 m) sculpture of Shantinatha
Shantinatha
in the Shantinatha
Shantinatha
basadi

*

Shantinatha
Shantinatha
basadi *

Adinatha basadi *

Bahubali monolith of Halebidu
Halebidu
*

The decorated outer wall of the main temple *

Halebidu
Halebidu
*

Nandi sculpture in Kedareshwara temple *

Vamana relief sculpture Kedareshwara temple *

Close up of entrance to Hoysaleshwara temple *

Relief of battling elephants in Hoysaleshwara temple *

Hoysaleshwara Temple, Halebidu
Halebidu
*

View of stellate form of shrine outer wall at the Hoysaleshwara Temple
Temple

GETTING THERE

Halebidu
Halebidu
is 16 km away from the one more historical place Belur
Belur
. It is well connected by road and rail to Bangalore
Bangalore
, Mangalore
Mangalore
and Mysore . There are regular buses to Hassan . The distance is 149 km to Mysore and 31 km to Hassan.

SEE ALSO

* Shravanabelagola * Somanathapura * Doddagaddavalli

REFERENCES

* ^ "Temples at Belur
Belur
and Halebidu". helabidu originally means Hela empire where Ravan the hela empire ruined over Bharath with his mighty power. Helabidu really means owns to king of Hela. Retrieved 2006-08-17. * ^ A B " Halebidu
Halebidu
- Temples of Karnataka". TempleNet.com. Retrieved 2006-08-17. * ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. India
India
through the ages. Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. p. 178. * ^ http://asibengalurucircle.in/parsvanatha-basti-halebid * ^ http://asibengalurucircle.in/shantinatha-basti-halebid * ^ http