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Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino,[1] or il Guercino
Guercino
[ɡwerˈtʃiːno], was an Italian Baroque
Baroque
painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome
Rome
and Bologna. The vigorous naturalism of his early manner is in contrast to the classical equilibrium of his later works. His many drawings are noted for their luminosity and lively style.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Career 3 Works 4 Exhibitions 5 Notes 6 References 7 External links

Biography[edit]

Guercino's strabismus is evident in this period portrait of him.

Caravaggio's influence is manifest in this canvas Christ and the Woman of Samaria

Guercino
Guercino
- The Persian Sibyl

Giovanni Francesco Barbieri was born in Cento, a village between Bologna
Bologna
and Ferrara. At an early age he acquired the nickname Guercino (Italian for 'squinter') because he was cross-eyed.[2] Mainly self-taught, at the age of 16, he worked as apprentice in the shop of Benedetto Gennari, a painter of the Bolognese School.[3] By 1615, he moved to Bologna, where his work was praised by Ludovico Carracci. Guercino
Guercino
painted two large canvases, Elijah Fed by Ravens
Elijah Fed by Ravens
and Samson Seized by Philistines, for Cardinal Serra, a Papal Legate to Ferrara. These paintings have a stark naturalist Caravaggesque style, although it is unlikely that Guercino
Guercino
saw any of the Roman Caravaggios first-hand. The Arcadian Shepherds (Et in Arcadia ego) was painted in 1618 at the same time of The Flaying of Marsyas by Apollo
The Flaying of Marsyas by Apollo
in Palazzo Pitti. Its dramatic composition is typical of Guercino's early works, which are often tumultuous.[4] He often claimed that his early style was influenced by a canvas of Ludovico Carracci
Ludovico Carracci
that he saw in the Capuchin church in Cento. Some of his later works are closer to the style of his contemporary Guido Reni, and are painted with more lightness and clearness. Career[edit]

Guercino
Guercino
- The Woman taken in Adultery, Dulwich Picture Gallery

Guercino
Guercino
- Flagellation of Christ

Guercino
Guercino
was recommended by Marchese Enzo Bentivoglio to the Bolognese Ludovisi Pope, Pope Gregory XV. The years he spent in Rome, 1621–23, were very productive. From this period are his frescoes Aurora at the casino of the Villa Ludovisi, the ceiling in San Crisogono
San Crisogono
(1622) of San Chrysogonus in Glory, the portrait of Pope Gregory XV
Pope Gregory XV
(now in the Getty Museum, and The Burial of Saint Petronilla or St. Petronilla Altarpiece for the Vatican (now in the Museo Capitolini), which is considered his masterpiece. After the death of Gregory XV, Guercino
Guercino
returned to his hometown. In 1626, he began his frescoes in the Duomo of Piacenza. The details of his career after 1629 are well documented in the account book, the Libro dei Conti di Casa Barbieri, that Guercino
Guercino
and his brother Paolo Antonio Barbieri kept updated, and which has been preserved.[5] Between 1618 and 1631, Giovanni Battista Pasqualini produced 67 engravings that document the early production of Guercino, which is not included in the Libro dei Conti.[6] In 1642, following the death of Guido Reni, Guercino
Guercino
moved his busy workshop to Bologna
Bologna
and become the city's principal painter. In 1655, the Franciscan Order of Reggio paid him 300 ducats for the altarpiece of Saint Luke Displaying a Painting
Painting
of the Madonna and Child (now in Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art, Kansas City).[7] The Corsini also paid him 300 ducats for the Flagellation of Christ
Flagellation of Christ
painted in 1657. Guercino
Guercino
was remarkable for the extreme rapidity of his executions: he completed no fewer than 106 large altarpieces for churches, and his other paintings amount to about 144. He was also a prolific draftsman. His production includes many drawings, usually in ink, washed ink, or red chalk. Most of them were made as preparatory studies for his paintings, but he also drew landscapes, genre subjects, and caricatures for his own enjoyment. Guercino's drawings are known for their fluent style in which "rapid, calligraphic pen strokes combined with dots, dashes, and parallel hatching lines describe the forms".[8] Guercino
Guercino
continued to paint and teach until his death in 1666, amassing a notable fortune. As he never married, his estate passed to his nephews and pupils, Benedetto Gennari II and Cesare Gennari.[2] Other pupils include Giulio Coralli,[9] Giuseppe Bonati
Giuseppe Bonati
of Ferrara,[10] Cristoforo Serra of Cesena,[11] Father Cesare Pronti of Ferrara,[12] Sebastiano Ghezzi,[13] Sebastiano Bombelli,[14] Lorenzo Bergonzoni of Bologna,[15] Francesco Paglia of Brescia.,[16] Benedetto Zallone of Cento, Bartolomeo Caravoglia,[17] and Matteo Loves. Works[edit]

Susanna and the Elders, 1617

Return of the Prodigal Son, 1619

Joseph and Potiphar's Wife, 1649, National Gallery of Art

Saint Matthew and the Angel, 1622

Capturing Christ, 1621

Christ and the Woman of Samaria II

St Peter Weeping before the Virgin, 1647

Mars with Cupid, 1649

Cleopatra and Octavian, 1649

Atlas holding up the celestial globe, 1646

St. Cecilia, 1649

David with the Head of Goliath, circa 1650

The Vocation of Saint Aloysius Gonzaga, 1650

The Return of the Prodigal Son, 1651

Personification of Astrology, ca. 1650–55, Blanton Museum of Art, Texas

King David, 1651

La morte di Didone, 1631

Exhibitions[edit]

Tomb of Guercino, Santissimo Salvatore, Bologna

The exhibition Guercino. Triumph of the Baroque. Masterpieces of Cento, Rome
Rome
and Polish collections, displayed at the National Museum in Warsaw
Warsaw
from September 2013 to February 2014.[18][19][20][21] Notes[edit]

^ "Beside the easel". besidetheeasel.blogspot.se. Retrieved 14 September 2017.  ^ a b "Oxford Art Online: Guercino". Oxford University Press.  Missing or empty url= (help) ^ Griswold 1991, p. 6 ^ Griswold 1991, p. 13 ^ Griswold 1991, p. 35 ^ M. Fiammenghi, L. Cremonini, E. Cavalleri, F. Gozzi, Sacro e profano nelle Incisioni da Guercino, Bologna, Culturalia, 2006 ^ "Guercino's Saint Luke Displaying a Painting
Painting
of the Virgin". Smarthistory
Smarthistory
at Khan Academy. Retrieved March 15, 2013.  ^ Griswold 1991, p. 36 ^ Orlandi, Pellegrino Antonio; Guarienti, Pietro (1719), Abecedario pittorico, Naples, p. 265  ^ Orlandi, page 207. ^ Orlandi, page 120. ^ Orlandi, page 350. ^ Orlandi, page 399. ^ Orlandi, page 397. ^ Orlandi, page 294. ^ Orlandi, page 171. ^ Lanzi, Luigi (1847). Thomas Roscoe
Thomas Roscoe
(translator), ed. History of Painting
Painting
in Italy; From the Period of the Revival of the Fine Arts to the End of the Eighteenth Century. III. London; Original from Oxford University, Digitized January 2007: Henry G. Bohn. pp. 309–310.  ^ The exhibit comprised 80 works, including 33 paintings by Guercino. The exhibition included paintings from the Pinacoteca, churches and palaces of Cento
Cento
(mnw) as well as the Arcadian Shepherds (Et in Arcadia ego) from the Barberini collection (legitymizm) and the monumental Crucifixion with St Elizabeth of Hungary and St Frances of Rome, the altar painting from the Potocki Chapel in the Wawel Cathedral.(artinfo) The exhibition, curated by Boris Kudlička, was the most extensive European presentation of work by Guercino
Guercino
outside of his home country.(legitymizm) ^ "Guercino. Triumf baroku. Arcydzieła z Cento, Rzymu i kolekcji polskich". www.new.mnw.art.pl. Retrieved 20 May 2014.  ^ "Guercino. Triumf baroku". www.legitymizm.org. Retrieved 20 May 2014.  ^ "Guercino. Triumf baroku". www.artinfo.pl. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 

References[edit]

 Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Giovanni Barbieri". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  Marchese Antonio Bolognini Amorini (1843). "Parte Quinta". Vite de Pittori ed Artifici Bolognesi. Tipografia Governativa alla Volpe, Bologna. pp. 223–272.  Griswold, William M. (Spring 1991). "Guercino". Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin. 48(4): 5–56.

External links[edit]

External video

Guercino's Saint Luke Displaying a Painting
Painting
of the Virgin, Smarthistory

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Guercino.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Barbieri, Giovanni Francesco.

Paintings by Guercino
Guercino
on the Web Gallery of Art Getty exhibition of Guercino
Guercino
drawings Encyclopædia Britannica, Il Guercino (in Italian) Short biography Pinacoteca Civica Il Guercino Virtual exhibition " Guercino
Guercino
a Fano" in high resolution Jusepe de Ribera, 1591-1652, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Guercino
Guercino
(see index) Velázquez , an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Guercino (see index)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49248688 LCCN: n50082058 ISNI: 0000 0001 2131 914X GND: 118978128 SELIBR: 188836 SUDOC: 085850195 BNF: cb120730207 (data) BIBSYS: 90724912 ULAN: 500021925 NLA: 35806367 NDL: 001208801 ICCU: ITICCUCFIV19642 BNE: XX988284 KulturNav: 3c38725f-cafd-48fe-9486-ad13b03aab13 RKD: 34463 SN

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