The GREAT HUNGARIAN PLAIN (also known as _Alföld_ or _Great
Alföld_, Hungarian : _Alföld, Nagy Alföld_) is a plain occupying
the southern and eastern part of
In Hungarian , the plain is known as _Alföld_ , in Slovak as _Veľká dunajská kotlina_, in Romanian as _Câmpia Tisei_ or _Câmpia de Vest_, in Croatian as _Panonska nizina_, in Serbian as _Panonska nizija_, and in Ukrainian as _Тисо-Дунайська низовина_. Alföld
* 1 Boundaries
* 2 Geography
* 3 Prehistoric culture * 4 Genomic analysis of prehistoric populations * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
Hydrography of the
PLAIN IN HUNGARY
The territory of the GHP in Hungary.
Its territory is 52,000 km² within Hungary, which includes
approximately 56% of the total (93,000 km²). The highest point of the
plain is Hoportyó (183 m), and the lowest point is the
Hungarian scientists born on the plain include Zoltán Bay , physicist; János Irinyi , chemist, inventor of the noiseless match; János Kabay , pharmacologist; Gábor Kátai , physician and pharmacist; and Frigyes Korányi , physician and pulmonologist.
The most important river of the plain is
Among the cultural festivals and programmes characteristic of the
region are the _Csángófesztivál_ (
Csángó Festival) in
Jászberény , the _Cseresznyefesztivál_ (Sweet
The part of the plain located in
* Mezőföld * Sárrét * Sárköz * Drávamellék * Kiskunság * Jászság * Pest Plain * Heves Plain * Borsodi-Mezőség * Bodrogköz * Tiszahát * Szatmár Plain * Maros-Körös köze * Körös-vidék * Nagykunság * Hortobágy National Park * Hajdúság * Nyírség
PLAIN IN SERBIA
PLAIN IN CROATIA
The term is rarely used in Croatia, and is usually associated with the geography of Hungary.
PLAIN IN SLOVAKIA
Part of the plain located in Slovakia is known as Eastern Slovak Lowland .
PLAIN IN UKRAINE
Part of the plain located in
PLAIN IN ROMANIA
During the prehistoric era, the
Great Hungarian Plain
During the Early
During the early
GENOMIC ANALYSIS OF PREHISTORIC POPULATIONS
In 2014, a major study of DNA from burials in the Great Hungarian Plain was published. The 5,000-year record indicated significant genomic shifts at the beginning of the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages, with periods of stability in between. The earliest Neolithic genome was similar to other European hunter-gatherers and surprisingly there was no evidence of lactase persistence at that period. The most recent samples, from the Iron Age, showed an eastern genomic influence contemporary with introduced Steppe burial rites. There was also a transition towards lighter pigmentation.
* ^ Gábor Gercsák (2002). "Hungarian geographical names in English language publications" (PDF). _Studia Cartologica_. Eötvös Loránd University . Retrieved 30 April 2011. * ^ Gábor Gercsák (2005). "Magyar tájnevek angol fordítása" (PDF). _Fasciculi Linguistici / Series Lexicographica_ (in Hungarian). Eötvös Loránd University . Retrieved 30 April 2011. * ^ Heršak, Emil; Nikšić, Boris (September 2007). "Hrvatska etnogeneza: pregled komponentnih etapa i interpretacija (s naglaskom na euroazijske/nomadske sadržaje)" . _Migration and Ethnic Themes_ (in Croatian). Zagreb: Institute for Migration and Ethnic Studies. 23 (3): 255. ISSN 1848-9184 . U velikoj mađarskoj nizini Alföld zapadno od Karpata tradicionalno su se smještale euroazijske nomadske skupine, a dio panonske Hrvatske može se smatrati ekstenzijom tog područja, osobito istočna Slavonija i s njome povezani dijelovi Srijema. * ^ Milisauskas, S. (2011). _European Prehistory: a Survey_. Springer. * ^ Whittle, A. (1996). _Europe in the Neolithic: the Creation of New Worlds_. Cambridge University Press. * ^ Kalicz, N.; Makkay, J. (1977). _Die Linienbandkeramik in der Großen Ungarischen_. Akadémiai Kiadó. * ^ Sherratt, A. (1997). _Economy and Society in Prehistoric Europe. Changing Perspectives_. Edinburgh University Press. * ^ Oross, K.; Bánffy, E. (2009). "Three successive waves of Neolithisation: LBK development in Transdanubia". _Doc. Praehist_. 36: 175–189. * ^ McIntosh, J. (2009). _Handbook to Life in Prehistoric Europe_. Oxford University Press. * ^ Gamba, Cristina; Jones, Eppie R.; Teasdale, Matthew D.; McLaughlin, Russell L.; Gonzalez-Fortes, Gloria; Mattiangeli, Valeria; Domboróczki, László; Kővári, Ivett; Pap, Ildikó; Anders, Alexandra; Whittle, Alasdair; Dani, János; Raczky, Pál; Higham, Thomas F. G.; Hofreiter, Michael; Bradley, Daniel G.; Pinhasi, Ron (2014). "Genome flux and stasis in a five millennium transect of European prehistory". _Nature Communications_. 5: 5257. ISSN 2041-1723 . doi :10.1038/ncomms6257 .
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Great Hungarian Plain