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GINZA (銀座) is a district of Chūō , Tokyo
Tokyo
, located south of Yaesu
Yaesu
and Kyōbashi , west of Tsukiji , east of Yūrakuchō
Yūrakuchō
and Uchisaiwaichō , and north of Shinbashi .

It is a popular upscale shopping area of Tokyo, with numerous internationally renowned department stores , boutiques, restaurants and coffeehouses located in its vicinity. Ginza
Ginza
is recognized by many as one of the most luxurious shopping districts in the world, attracting visitors and regulars alike from across the globe.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Economy * 3 Pedestrianization * 4 Subway stations * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

Ginza
Ginza
as it appeared in the late 1870s-1880s (Miniature model at the Edo- Tokyo
Tokyo
Museum) Ginza
Ginza
in the early 1900s, photographed by William H. Rau

Ginza
Ginza
was built upon a former swamp that was filled in during the 16th century. The name Ginza
Ginza
comes after the establishment of a silver-coin mint established there in 1612, during the Edo period .

After a devastating fire in 1872 burned down most of the area, the Meiji government designated the Ginza
Ginza
area as a "model of modernization." The government planned the construction of fireproof brick buildings and larger, better streets connecting Shimbashi Station all the way to the foreign concession in Tsukiji.

Designs for the area were provided by the Irish-born architect Thomas Waters ; the Bureau of Construction of the Ministry of Finance was in charge of construction. In the following year, a Western-style shopping promenade on the street from the Shinbashi bridge to the Kyōbashi bridge in the southwestern part of Chūō with two- and three-story Georgian brick buildings was completed.

These "bricktown" buildings were initially offered for sale and later were leased, but the high rent prevented many of them from being permanently occupied. Moreover, the construction was not adapted to the climate, and the bold design contrasted the traditional Japanese notion of home construction. Ironically, the new Ginza
Ginza
was not popular with visiting foreigners, who were looking for a more Edo-styled city. Isabella Bird visited in 1878 and in 1880 implied that Ginza
Ginza
was less like an Oriental city than like the outskirts of Chicago or Melbourne. Philip Terry, the English writer of tour guides, likened it to Broadway, not in a positive sense.

Nevertheless, the area flourished as a symbol of "civilization and enlightenment" thanks to the presence of newspapers and magazine companies, which helped spread the latest trends of the day. The area was also known for its window displays, an example of modern marketing techniques. Everyone visited so the custom of "killing time in Ginza" developed strongly between the two world wars.

Most of these European-style buildings disappeared, but some older buildings still remain, most famously the Wakō building with the now-iconic Hattori Clock Tower. The building and the clock tower were originally built by Kintarō Hattori, the founder of Seiko
Seiko
.

Its recent history has seen it as a prominent outpost of western luxury shops. Ginza
Ginza
is a popular destination on weekends, when the main north-south artery is closed to traffic since the 1960s, under governor Ryokichi Minobe .

ECONOMY

Many leading fashion houses' flagship stores are located here, in the area with the highest concentration of western shops in Tokyo. It is one of two locations in Tokyo
Tokyo
considered by Chevalier and Mazzalovo to be the best locations for a luxury goods store. Prominent high-end retailers include the American company Carolina Herrera New York , French companies Chanel
Chanel
, Dior and Louis Vuitton
Louis Vuitton
and Italian company Gucci
Gucci
. Flagship electronic retail stores like the Sony
Sony
showroom and the Apple Store
Apple Store
are also here. The electronics company , Ricoh
Ricoh
is headquartered in the Ricoh
Ricoh
Building in Ginza. The neighborhood is a major shopping district. It is home to Wako department store, which is located in a building dating from 1894. The building has a clock tower . There are many department stores in the area, including Hankyu , Seibu , and Matsuya . There are also art galleries .

*

Mitsukoshi department store at Ginza. *

Sony
Sony
Building and intersection at dusk *

Kabuki-za theater *

Tokyu Plaza Ginza
Ginza
*

Ginza Six shopping complex

PEDESTRIANIZATION

Pedestrianized main street

Each Saturday and Sunday, from 12:00 noon until 5:00 pm, the main street through Ginza
Ginza
is closed off to road traffic, allowing people to walk freely. This is called Hokōsha Tengoku (歩行者天国) or Hokoten for short, literally meaning "pedestrian heaven".

SUBWAY STATIONS

* Ginza Station ( Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hibiya
Hibiya
Line , Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Ginza
Ginza
Line , Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Marunouchi
Marunouchi
Line ) * Ginza-itchōme Station ( Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Yūrakuchō
Yūrakuchō
Line ) * Higashi- Ginza Station ( Tokyo
Tokyo
Metro Hibiya
Hibiya
Line , Toei Asakusa
Asakusa
Line )

SEE ALSO

* Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

* Harajuku
Harajuku
* Shinjuku
Shinjuku
* Shibuya
Shibuya
* List of upscale shopping districts * Tourism in Japan

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D Dk eyewitness travel guide japan. : Dk Publishing. pp. 66–67. ISBN 9780756694739 . * ^ A B Tokyo
Tokyo
from Edo to Showa. Tuttle Publishing. p. 75. ISBN 9784805310243 . * ^ Chevalier, Michel; Mazzalovo, Gerald (2012). Luxury Brand Management. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons. p. 2. ISBN 978-1-118-17176-9 . The other prime location is Omotesandō . * ^ Abercrombie ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Neighborhoods of Tokyo
Tokyo

* Akasaka * Akihabara * Aobadai
Aobadai
* Aomi * Aoyama * Ariake * Asagaya * Asakusa
Asakusa
* Asakusabashi * Azabu
Azabu
* Awajichō * Daikanyama * Den-en-chōfu * Ebisu * Ebisuminami * Futako Tamagawa * Ginza * Gotanda * Hamamatsuchō * Harajuku
Harajuku
* Hibiya
Hibiya
* Higashi * Higashi-Kanda * Hongō * Ichigaya * Iidabashi * Ikebukuro
Ikebukuro
* Iwamotochō * Jiyūgaoka * Jinbōchō * Jūjō * Kabukichō * Kagurazaka
Kagurazaka
* Kajichō * Kamata * Kami-ikebukuro
Kami-ikebukuro
* Kanda * Kasumigaseki
Kasumigaseki
* Kichijōji * Komaba * Koishikawa * Kugayama * Kudankita * Kyōbashi * Kōenji * Kōjimachi * Marunouchi
Marunouchi
* Mejiro * Mita * Meguro-Mita * Muromachi * Nagatachō * Nakameguro * Nishigotanda * Nishiogikubo * Nihonbashi
Nihonbashi
* Nishioizumi * Nishioizumimachi * Nishi- Shinjuku
Shinjuku
* Nishikichō * Ochanomizu
Ochanomizu
* Odaiba
Odaiba
* Ogawamachi * Ogikubo * Ōizumigakuenchō * Ōmori * Omotesandō * Osaki * Ōtemachi * Roppongi
Roppongi
* Ryōgoku * San\'ya * Sendagaya
Sendagaya
* Shiba * Shibaura
Shibaura
* Shibuya
Shibuya
* Shimokitazawa * Shinbashi * Shinjuku
Shinjuku
* Shinjuku
Shinjuku
ni-chōme * Shinonome * Shiodome * Shirokane * Shirokanedai * Shoto * Sudachō * Sugamo * Surugadai * Takadanobaba
Takadanobaba
* Takanawa * Tamachi
Tamachi
* Tateishi * Tatsumi * Toyosu * Tsukiji * Tsukishima * Uchi-Kanda * Uchisaiwaichō * Ueno
Ueno
* Wakasu * Yaesu
Yaesu
* Yanaka * Yayoi * Yōga * Yotsuya * Yoyogi
Yoyogi
* Yūrakuchō
Yūrakuchō
* Zōshigaya

Coordinates : 35°40′16″N 139°45′54″E / 35.671217°N 139.765007°E / 35.671217; 139.765007

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 139726076 * NDL : 00562472

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Ginza
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