HOME
The Info List - George Hearst


--- Advertisement ---



George Hearst
George Hearst
(September 3, 1820 – February 28, 1891) was a wealthy American businessman and politician. He was a United States Senator and the father of newspaperman William Randolph Hearst.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Mining
Mining
career 3 Investments 4 Personal and political life 5 Senatorial career 6 Death 7 In popular culture 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Hearst, of Scots-Irish origin, was born near present-day Sullivan, Missouri, to William G. Hearst and Elizabeth Collins.[2][3] Hearst was raised in a log cabin on his family's farm in rural Franklin County. His father operated three small farms, all of which were mortgaged, with slave labor. William Hearst sold his products in his own local general store. George Hearst
George Hearst
grew up before public education was widely accessible in Missouri, so his elementary education was inconsistent and fragmented. Hearst supplemented the gaps in his formal education by observing the local mines, and reading information about minerals and mining in his free time.[4] Mining
Mining
career[edit]

Ophir Mill ruins, Comstock Lode. The Ophir Mine is where Hearst made his first fortune, in 1859.

When his father died in 1846, Hearst took over the care of his mother, brother and sister. In addition, he did some mining and ran a general store.[5] He first heard of the discovery of gold in California
California
in 1849. Before deciding to depart, he continued to read further news on the subject so that he could be more certain it was true. Finally, in 1850, as a member of a party of 16, he left for California.[6] After arriving in 1850, he and his companions first tried placer mining in the vicinity of Sutter's Mill
Sutter's Mill
on the American River. After spending a cold winter and making meager findings, they moved to Grass Valley on the news of a new lode. Using his mining education and experience in Missouri, Hearst switched to prospecting and dealing in quartz mines.[3][7][8][9] After almost ten years, Hearst was making a decent living as a prospector, and otherwise engaged in running a general store,[10] mining, raising livestock and farming in Nevada
Nevada
County.[11] In the summer of 1859, Hearst learned of the wonderful silver assays of the "blue stuff" someone had picked up over what was to become the Comstock Lode, and sent to a Nevada
Nevada
County assayer. Hearst hurried over to the Washoe district of western Utah
Utah
territory, where he arranged to buy a one-sixth interest in the Ophir Mine there, near present-day Virginia City. That winter, Hearst and his partners managed to mine 38 tons of high-grade silver ore, packed it across the Sierra on muleback, had it smelted in San Francisco, and made $91,000 profit (or roughly $2,500,000 in 2016 dollars). It was the sight of the bars of Ophir silver that started the rush to Washoe.[12] G. Hearst knew Marcus Daly
Marcus Daly
from the Comstock Lode
Comstock Lode
work and in the summer of 1872 Daly suggested the possibilities of the Ontario silver mine in Park City, Utah. The Ontario carried Hearst through the Panic of 1873 and produced seventeen million dollars in ten years. Hearst later financed Marcus Daly
Marcus Daly
to operate his Anaconda mine in Butte, Montana and acquired an interest in that mine as well.[13] Investments[edit] As a partner of Hearst, Haggin, Tevis and Co., Hearst had interests in the Comstock Lode
Comstock Lode
and the Ophir mine in Nevada, the Ontario silver mine in Utah, the Pacific mine in Pinos Altos, New Mexico,[14] the Homestake gold mine in South Dakota
South Dakota
(his pursuit of which is dramatized in the HBO
HBO
television series Deadwood), and the Anaconda Copper Mine in Montana. (He later[when?] invested in the Cerro de Pasco Mine in Peru.) The company grew to be the largest private mining firm in the United States. Hearst acquired the reputation of being the most expert prospector and judge of mining property on the Pacific coast, and contributed to the development of the modern processes of quartz and other[vague] kinds of mining. His son insisted on taking control of one of his father's holdings, the San Francisco
San Francisco
Examiner, which became the foundation of the Hearst publishing empire. Hearst bought the newspaper as a sign of loyalty to his friends by accepting it as payment for a gambling debt owed to him. Hearst primarily used the Examiner to promote the interests of the Democratic Party, and to laud the party’s initiatives, especially when they were under public attack.[15] One of his biggest investments was the Homestake Mine in South Dakota
South Dakota
in 1877. Although the gold ore was lean, it was a massive deposit that remained as an active mine until 2002. Personal and political life[edit] He returned to Missouri in 1860 in order to care for his ailing mother and take care of some legal disputes. During this time, he became reacquainted with a younger neighbor, a girl of 18, whom the 40-year-old Hearst married on June 15, 1862.[16] In 1862 Hearst and his new bride, Phoebe Apperson, moved to San Francisco. Phoebe gave birth to their only child, William Randolph Hearst, April 29, 1863. Hearst was a member of the California
California
State Assembly from 1865 until 1866, one of 12 members representing San Francisco. Here, his knowledge of mines and the mining industry proved valuable, and he joined a special Committee on Mines and Mining
Mining
Interests.[4] During this time (1865) he acquired Rancho Piedra Blanca
Rancho Piedra Blanca
at San Simeon, California. He later bought parts of adjoining ranchos, and this land eventually became the site of the famed Hearst Castle. They also maintained a home in San Francisco
San Francisco
at the corner of Chestnut and Leavenworth.[17] Hearst owned a thoroughbred horse racing stable. One of his better known horses was Jerome Handicap winner, Tournament. Following Hearst's death, Tournament was bought by Foxhall P. Keene
Foxhall P. Keene
when the stable was auctioned off at a dispersal sale on May 14, 1891.[18] He was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for Governor of California in 1882. Until this point, Hearst had a political relationship with Central Pacific Railroad. However, when the railroad’s leadership backed the other Democratic nominee, Hearst joined Christopher Augustine Buckley and Stephen M. White
Stephen M. White
in developing the Anti-Monopoly Coalition.[19] Senatorial career[edit] He was appointed as a Democrat to the United States Senate
United States Senate
to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John F. Miller, and served from March 23, 1886 to August 4, 1886, when a successor was elected. In 1887 he was elected to the Senate as a Democrat and served from March 4, 1887 until his death. As senator, Hearst focused on reducing Central Pacific’s power in American commerce.[19] Death[edit] Hearst died, aged 70, in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
on February 28, 1891. The California
California
Legislature and state courts adjourned, so officials could attend his funeral.[20] When Phoebe Apperson Hearst
Phoebe Apperson Hearst
inherited her husband’s wealth, she donated a great deal of it to help found new libraries at several universities.[21] He is buried with his wife and son in Cypress Lawn Cemetery in Colma, California. The Hearst Memorial Mining
Mining
Building on the Berkeley campus is dedicated to his memory. In popular culture[edit] Moroni Olsen
Moroni Olsen
portrayed Hearst in the 1938 film Gold
Gold
Is Where You Find It. The actor Barry Kelley
Barry Kelley
portrayed Hearst in the 1964 episode "The Paper Dynasty" of the syndicated western television series Death Valley Days, hosted by Stanley Andrews. James Hampton played William Randolph Hearst and James Lanphier (1920-1969), Ambrose Bierce.[22] Gerald McRaney
Gerald McRaney
portrayed Hearst as a villain on the HBO
HBO
television series Deadwood. See also[edit]

List of United States Congress members who died in office (1790–1899)

References[edit]

^ Klepper, Michael; Gunther, Michael (1996). The Wealthy 100: From Benjamin Franklin to Bill Gates—A Ranking of the Richest Americans, Past and Present. Secaucus, New Jersey: Carol Publishing Group. p. xiii. ISBN 978-0-8065-1800-8. OCLC 33818143  ^ Watson, Margaret: "Greenwood County Sketches", p. 254. Attic Press, 1970 ^ a b "Biographical Notes – George Hearst". inn-california.com. Retrieved 2011-02-13.  ^ a b Carlisle, Rodney P. "Hearst, George,” American National Biography Online, (Oxford University Press, 2000). http://www.anb.org/articles/05/05-00334.html ^ Nasaw, David (2000). "The Chief", p. 4. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000, (ISBN 0-395-82759-0). ^ "Press Reference Library", vol. 2, p. 34. International News Service, 1915 ^ Nasaw, David (2000). "The Chief", p. 5. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000, (ISBN 0-395-82759-0). ^ "A Brief History of Hearst Corporation" (PDF). Hearst Corporation. February 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2011-02-13.  ^ " George Hearst
George Hearst
- Father of a Mining
Mining
and Publishing Empire". legendsofamerica.com. Retrieved 2011-02-13.  ^ Nasaw, David (2000). "The Chief", p. 6. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2000, (ISBN 0-395-82759-0). ^ "A Brief History of Nevada
Nevada
City". nevadacitychamber.com. Nevada
Nevada
City Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on June 16, 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-06.  ^ Rodman W Paul, 1963, Mining
Mining
frontiers of the Far West, 1848-1880., p. 63. ISBN 978-0-8263-0315-8 ^ C. B. Glasscock, War of the Copper Kings, 1966 edition, p70. ^ Ericson, Duane (2007). Silver
Silver
City Narrow Gauge. M2FQ Publications. p. 16.  ^ Williams, R. Hall. The Democratic Party and California
California
Politics, 1880-1896. (Stanford University Press, 1973). p. 46 ^ Crawford County, Missouri Marriage Book, Volume B, page 139 ^ Letter by Caleb Bowles (George's first cousin), February 1, 1868 ^ "Racing News And Notions; Improvements To Be Made At The Brooklyn Track. Senator Hearst's Stable Of Racers To Be Sold At Auction -- Gossip About Some Of The Brooklyn Jockey Club Handicap Horses". The New York Times. April 13, 1891.  ^ a b Williams, R. Hall. The Democratic Party and California
California
Politics, 1880-1896. (Stanford University Press, 1973). p. 25 ^ California
California
Women and Politics: From the Gold
Gold
Rush to the Great Depression, Ed. by Robert W. Cherny. (University of Nebraska Press), p. 92. ^ Richards, Susan L. “Library Philanthropy with a Personal Touch: Phoebe Apperson Hearst
Phoebe Apperson Hearst
and the Libraries of Lead and Anaconda,” Libraries & Culture, Vol. 31, No. 1, (University of Texas Press, 1996): 197-208. JSTOR 25548430 ^ "The Paper Dynasty". Internet Movie Data Base. March 1, 1964. Retrieved August 7, 2015. 

External links[edit]

Works by or about George Hearst
George Hearst
at Internet Archive

United States Congress. " George Hearst
George Hearst
(id: H000428)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved May 26, 2013.  "George Hearst". Find a Grave. Retrieved May 26, 2013.  "National Mining
Mining
Hall of Fame biographical sketch". Retrieved September 24, 2010.  "Titans of Fortune biographical sketch". Retrieved September 24, 2010.  "1886 New York Times article on Senator George Hearst". The New York Times. June 25, 1886. Retrieved September 24, 2010. 

California
California
Assembly

Preceded by Twelve members California
California
State Assemblyman, 8th District ( San Francisco
San Francisco
seat) 1865-1867 (with eleven others) Succeeded by Twelve members

U.S. Senate

Preceded by John F. Miller U.S. Senator (Class 1) from California 1886 Served alongside: Leland Stanford Succeeded by Abram P. Williams

Preceded by Abram P. Williams U.S. Senator (Class 1) from California 1887–1891 Served alongside: Leland Stanford Succeeded by Charles N. Felton

v t e

United States Senators from California

Class 1

Frémont Weller Broderick Haun Latham Conness Casserly Hager Booth Miller Hearst Williams Hearst Felton White Bard Flint Works Johnson Knowland Engle Salinger Murphy Tunney Hayakawa Wilson Seymour Feinstein

Class 3

Gwin McDougall Cole Sargent Farley Stanford Perkins Phelan Shortridge McAdoo Storke Downey Nixon Kuchel Cranston Boxer Harris

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 60505550 LCCN: n85050094 US Congress: H000

.