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GEORGE DANCE THE YOUNGER, RA (1 April 1741 – 14 January 1825) was an English architect and surveyor as well as a portraitist .

The fifth and youngest son of the architect George Dance (the elder) , he came from a family of architects, artists and dramatists. He was described by Sir John Summerson
John Summerson
as "among the few really outstanding architects of the century", but few of his buildings remain.

CONTENTS

* 1 Life

* 1.1 Background and education * 1.2 Career * 1.3 The Royal Academy
Royal Academy
* 1.4 A Collection of portraits * 1.5 Personal life

* 2 List of works

* 2.1 Works in London * 2.2 Works outside London * 2.3 Gallery of architectural works

* 3 See also

* 4 References

* 4.1 Notes

LIFE

BACKGROUND AND EDUCATION

The architect George Dance the elder married Elizabeth Gould in 1719. Their fifth son, George, was born 1 April 1741 at the family home in Chiswell Street, London and was educated at St Paul\'s School .

Dance spent the six years between 1759 and 1765 studying architecture and draughtsmanship in Rome. Aged 17, he set off on his Grand Tour , sailing from Gravesend, Kent
Gravesend, Kent
in December 1758. After a short stay in Florence
Florence
, where he was joined by his brother Nathaniel , who was already studying painting in Italy, he and his brother set off for Rome, arriving in early May 1759. By the early 1760s the brothers were living at 77 Strada Felice. At Rome, Dance was acquainted with the architect, James Adam , who was staying nearby at the Casa Guarini , Robert Mylne (they remained lifelong friends), Abbot Peter Grant and Giovanni Battista Piranesi . As a student of the Accademia di San Luca , Dance measured and drew several buildings in Rome, including the three remaining columns of the Temple of Castor and Pollux , the Arch of Constantine and the dome of St. Peter\'s Basilica , showing much promise as a draughtsman. Much of his later work was inspired by Piranesi. In late 1759 Dance received his first commission – to design two chimneypieces for Sir Robert Mainwaring. In early 1762 Dance was measuring and drawing the Temple of Vesta, Tivoli
Temple of Vesta, Tivoli
and later that year he entered a competition organised by the Accademia di Parma
Parma
to design A Public Gallery for Statues, Pictures "> 91 Gower Street, London where Dance lived and died

Dance's years after 1798 were devoted to art rather than architecture. His Academy contributions consisted of highly finished pencil profile portraits of his friends in Regency London's artistic establishment. 72 etchings were engraved after them by William Daniell and A Collection of Portraits were published over ten years from 1804. Many are now held by the National Portrait Gallery .

PERSONAL LIFE

Dance married Mary Gurnell (born 7 February 1752 in Pitzhanger Manor ) on 24 March 1772 at St. George\'s, Bloomsbury
Bloomsbury
. Their first child, Thomas, was born in Autumn 1773 and died in 1813. Two more sons followed: George (1778–1813) and Charles Webb (1785–1844). Mary Dance died at the age of 38 in 1791.

Dance suffered from ill health for the last three or four years of his life. He died on 14 January 1825, at No. 91 Gower Street , which is now marked with a blue plaque . He was buried in St Paul\'s Cathedral .

LIST OF WORKS

WORKS IN LONDON

* All Hallows on the Wall Church (1765) * Duroure Monument, in Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
Cloisters (1766) * Minories , development of Crescent, Circus, etc (1767 onwards), bombed during The Blitz
The Blitz
and demolished * Newgate Prison & Sessions House (1769–1777) damaged in the Gordon riots (1780) and restored (1780–1783), demolished (1902–04) * Whitecross Street , Lord Mayor 's coach house (1768–71) & almshouses (1770–71), both demolished * Fleet Market , repairs and new office for Collector (1770–74), demolished * Stratford Place, Oxford Street
Oxford Street
, development and alterations to conduits (1771–72) * Guildhall , London, repairs (1772), rooms over Matted Gallery (1773), Old Council Chamber (1774), New Council Chamber (1777), alterations to Chapel (1774 & 1782), Town Clerk's House (1781), new façade (1785–88), Chamberlain's House (1785–86), New Houses, west side of the Yard (1795), exterior stuccoed (1805), windows of the Great Hall redesigned (1806) & Court of the King's Bench, altered (1804–06), all now demolished save the Guildhall's Façade * Smithfield Market , new bell & frame (1775), & alterations (1804), rebuilt * All Hallows Staining , foot passage under porch (1775–76), demolished * Billingsgate Fish Market
Billingsgate Fish Market
, alterations (1776), iron column inserted to support upper floor (1777–78) & New Market house and embankment (1798), rebuilt * Banner Street and Finsbury Square (1777), none of Dance's buildings are still standing * New wall and Gates for the Honourable Artillery Company 's, Artillery Ground , Bunhill Fields , (c. 1777) * New houses, Chiswell Street
Chiswell Street
(1777) * Mr Lowry's House, Lombard Street (1777), demolished * New House for Keeper of Bunhill Fields (1777), demolished * Newgate
Newgate
Market , alterations (1777) & (1784–85), demolished * Obelisk erected on Putney Heath to commemorate invention of Fire insurance marks (1777) * Lady Dacre\'s Almshouses , repairs (1778) * Wesley\'s Chapel , Finsbury (1778) * Jewin Street , widened (1779) * Blackfriars , London, creation of new streets and platform adjoining bridge (1779–92), none of Dance's buildings survive * Mansion House , London, new entrance, covering of internal courtyard with a roof, new ceiling and lowered the roof of the Egyptian Hall (1782) * St Luke\'s Hospital for Lunatics , Old Street (1780), demolished * Market in Honey Lane rebuilt (1780–88), demolished * Whitefriars Wharf abutment (1781–82), demolished * Monument to the Great Fire of London , repairs (1783) * Fleet Bridge repairs (1783), demolished * Roger's Almshouses, Hart Street , repairs & alterations (1783) * Borough Compter
Borough Compter
, rebuilding (1785), demolished * Castle Street, Spitalfields
Spitalfields
widened (1786) * Beech Street , constructed (1786–88) * Jewin Crescent, (1786–88), demolished * Lansdowne House Gallery and other Alterations (1786) * Giltspur Street Compter (1787–91), demolished * Boydell Shakespeare Gallery
Boydell Shakespeare Gallery
(1788), demolished * Moorfields
Moorfields
, Watch and Engine House (1790), demolished * Leadenhall Market re-roofed (1790–92) & new warehouses (1813), rebuilt * Development and improvements of Holborn , (1790 onwards) * St Bartholomew\'s Hospital , Surgeon's Theatre and other buildings (1791–96), demolished * Martin's Bank, Lombard Street , rebuilt (1793), demolished * St Bartholomew the Less Church, rebuilt (1793) * Formation of Pickett Street, The Strand improvements (1793 onwards) * Legal Quays , rebuilt (1793–96) * St Margaret at Hill Court House Southwark
Southwark
, new façade (1796), demolished * Tottenham Court Road
Tottenham Court Road
, estate to the east, North & South Crescents and Alfred Place, (1796 onwards), none of Dance's buildings survive * Limehouse
Limehouse
Canal ">

West front of All Hallows Church, London *

All Hallows-on-the-Wall, London *

London Guildhall, c. 1805 *

City of London
City of London
Guildhall, Dance's façade on right *

City of London
City of London
Guildhall, Dance's façade *

Cranbury House, Hampshire *

Drawing room at Pitzhanger, Ealing *

St Bartholomew the Less Church in Barts Hospital, London *

St Bartholomew the Less, West Smithfield, London
Smithfield, London
*

Newgate
Newgate
Gaol, London, demolished *

Newgate
Newgate
Gaol, London, demolished *

Dance's Egyptian Hall ceiling in the Mansion House, London
Mansion House, London
*

Portico
Portico
of Royal College of Surgeons at Lincoln's Inn Fields, London *

Wesley's Chapel, London *

Finsbury Circus
Finsbury Circus
layout, all Dance's houses now being replaced by offices *

City of London
City of London
Guildhall, Dance's façade *

St Lawrence Jewry Church, near Guildhall

SEE ALSO

* Biography portal

* Ammonite Order

REFERENCES

* This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Dance (family)". Encyclopædia Britannica . 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. * H.M. Colvin , A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600–1840 (1997) ISBN 0-300-07207-4 * "A catalogue of the drawings of George Dance the Younger
George Dance the Younger
is a highlight of recent books on architecture and design", Apollo, April 2004 * "George Dance, the Younger, as Town Planner (1768–1814), Michael Hugo-Brunt, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 14, No. 4, Town Planning Issue (Dec. 1955), pp. 13–22 * " Dance, George, the younger (1741–1825)", Roger Bowdler, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006 accessed 21 Sept 2007

NOTES

* ^ 3 Painting(s) by or after George Dance the Younger, Art UK
Art UK
* ^ Summerson, John (1946), Georgian London, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 129 * ^ page 29, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud , 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ pages 31–32, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ A B page 16, Catalogue of the Drawings of George Dance the younger (1741–1825) and of George Dance the elder (1695–1768) from the Collection of Sir John Soane's Museum, Jill Lever, 2003, Azimuth Editions, ISBN 1-898592-25-X * ^ A B C page 62, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ A B C D page 63, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ A B page 64, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ A B page 65, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 68, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 70, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 71, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 73, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 72, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 73, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 73, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 73, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 75, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 77, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ www.stbartstheless.org.uk * ^ Eastlake, Charles Locke (1872). A History of the Gothic Revival. London: Longmans, Green & Co. p. 72. * ^ page 223, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber Eaton, Frederick A. (1905). The Royal Academy
Royal Academy
and its Members 1768–1830. London: John Murray. , p.104 * ^ page 70, Sir John Soane
Sir John Soane
Enlightenment Thought and the Royal Academy Lectures, David Watkin, 1996, Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-44091-2 * ^ page 71, Sir John Soane
Sir John Soane
Enlightenment Thought and the Royal Academy Lectures, David Watkin, 1996, Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-44091-2 * ^ Roger Bowdler, ' Dance, George, the younger (1741–1825)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press, 2004 * ^ page 91, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 103, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 250, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 171, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 227, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ page 228, George Dance Architect 1741–1825 Architect, Dorothy Stroud, 1971, Faber & Faber, ISBN 0-571-09007-9 * ^ " George Dance the Younger
George Dance the Younger
– Blue Plaque". openplaques.org. Retrieved 22 November 2013. * ^ page 250, A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600–1840, Howard Colvin, 2nd Edition 1978, John Murray, ISBN 0-7195-3328-7 * ^ www.facultyoffice.org.uk * ^ http://camden-place.co.uk/index.php?p=172&pp=165border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 42080113 * LCCN : nr93051178 * ISNI : 0000 0000 6629 8437 * GND : 128890894 * SUDOC : 069773890 * BNF : cb14548585x (data) * ULAN : 500030341 * RKD : 19915

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