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Galaga
Galaga
(Japanese: ギャラガ, Hepburn: Gyaraga, Pronunciation: /ɡælʌɡə/) is a Japanese shoot-'em-up arcade game developed and published by Namco
Namco
Japan
Japan
and by Midway in North America
North America
in 1981. It is the sequel to 1979's Galaxian. The gameplay of Galaga
Galaga
puts the player in control of a spacecraft which is situated at the bottom of the screen, with enemy aliens arriving in formation at the beginning of a stage, either trying to destroy, collide with, or capture the spaceship, with the player progressing every time alien forces are vanquished. Galaga
Galaga
is one of the most commercially and critically successful games from the golden age of arcade video games. The arcade version of it has been ported to many consoles, and it has had several sequels. In 2011, the game celebrated its 30th anniversary with the release of Galaga 30th Collection for iOS.

Contents

1 Gameplay 2 Release history

2.1 Remakes

3 Reception and legacy

3.1 Records 3.2 Galaga
Galaga
in popular culture 3.3 Film 3.4 Video game

4 References 5 Further reading 6 External links

Gameplay[edit]

Gameplay screenshot

The objective of Galaga
Galaga
is to score as many points as possible by destroying insect-like enemies. The player controls a starfighter that can move left and right along the bottom of the playfield. Enemies swarm in groups in a formation near the top of the screen, and then begin flying down toward the player, firing bullets at and attempting to crash into them. In later stages, some enemies even break from an entering group in a frantic attempt to crash into the player. The game ends when the player's last fighter is lost by colliding with an enemy, being hit by an enemy shot, or being captured. Galaga
Galaga
introduces new features from its predecessor, Galaxian. Among these are the ability to fire two shots in succession rather than one, a "hit/miss ratio" statistic at the end of the game, and a bonus "Challenging Stage" that occurs every few stages, in which a series of enemies fly onto and off the screen in set patterns without firing at the player's ship or trying to crash into it. When you destroy a group of enemies, you are awarded 1500 points.[1] These stages award a 10K-point bonus if the player manages to destroy every enemy, but otherwise 100 bonus points for every enemy destroyed. Another feature in the game is for enemies to randomly transform and organize into a certain formation, which awards the player bonus points if they manage to successfully destroy it. Another gameplay feature new to Galaga
Galaga
is the ability for enemies to capture the player's fighter. While the player is in control of just one fighter, a "boss" Galaga
Galaga
(which takes two hits to kill, the first hit will turn it purple) will periodically attempt to capture the fighter using a tractor beam. If successful, the fighter joins the enemy formation as a satellite to the boss Galaga
Galaga
which captured it. The captive fighter becomes an enemy, turns red, and likewise, it can be shot and destroyed. The player can still fire while being captured up to the point their ship "touches" the captor, which could be considered an opportunity to shoot the captor down before it can manage to successfully capture the player. Captive fighters can be freed by destroying the boss Galaga
Galaga
towing it while it is attacking. The freed fighter will then combine with the player's fighter who freed them, offering doubled firepower but with the disadvantage of a target twice as large. If the player destroys the captor while it is still in formation, the captured fighter will not be rescued, and will instead fly away after a diving run (assuming the player does not destroy it) to appear in the next stage as a satellite for another boss Galaga
Galaga
where it can again be rescued. A very small section in the middle of the combined starfighters is immune to enemy fire. Galaga
Galaga
has an exploitable bug that can cause the attackers to randomly stop firing shots at the player.[2] In addition, similar to the famous "Split-Screen bug" in Pac-Man, a bug exists in Galaga
Galaga
in which the game "rolls over" from Stage 255 to Stage 0 (256). Depending on the difficulty setting of the machine, this can cause the game to stall, requiring that the machine be reset or power-cycled in order to start a new game. Release history[edit]

Galaxian
Galaxian
(1979) Galaga
Galaga
(1981) Gaplus
Gaplus
(also known as Galaga
Galaga
3) (1984) Galaga '88
Galaga '88
(1987) Galaga '90
Galaga '90
(1988) (a re-release of Galaga
Galaga
88 for the TurboGrafx-16) Galaxian³ (1990) Galaga 2
Galaga 2
(1991) (a re-release of Galaga
Galaga
88 for the Game Gear, called Galaga
Galaga
'91 in Japan) Attack of the Zolgear
Attack of the Zolgear
(1994) Galaga Arrangement
Galaga Arrangement
(1995) (released as part of Namco
Namco
Classic Collection Vol. 1) Galaga Arrangement
Galaga Arrangement
(2005) (released as part of Namco
Namco
Museum Battle Collection) Galaga Remix
Galaga Remix
(2007) (released as part of Namco
Namco
Museum Remix and Namco Museum Megamix) Galaga Legions (2008) Galaga Remix
Galaga Remix
(2009) (a renamed port of Galaga Arrangement
Galaga Arrangement
from Namco Museum Battle Collection) Galaga Special Edition
Galaga Special Edition
(2010) Galaga 30th Collection (2011) Galaga Legions DX (2011) Galaga
Galaga
3D Impact (2011) Space Galaga
Galaga
(2014) ( Space Dandy
Space Dandy
themed) Galaga: TEKKEN Edition (2015)[3] Galaga
Galaga
Assault (2016)[4] Galaga
Galaga
Wars (2016)[5]

Galaga
Galaga
on the Atari 7800

The original arcade version of Galaga
Galaga
has been ported to several systems. These include:

Atari 7800
Atari 7800
(Released 1987) Cover art by Marc Ericksen, (Developed by Namco.) Famicom Disk System
Famicom Disk System
(developed by Namco) Game Boy
Game Boy
(bundled with its direct predecessor, Galaxian) GameTap MSX Famicom/NES (February 15, 1985 in Japan, September 1988 and October 21, 2008)[6] (as Galaga: Demons of Death in North America, distributed by Bandai
Bandai
America, re-release in North America
North America
by Activision) SG-1000
SG-1000
(as Sega-Galaga) Plug & Play re-releases by Jakks Pacific in 2004 Midway Custom Arcade Machines Midway Custom Arcade Machines (Extra Game known as Galaga
Galaga
(2)

The game has been re-released on the following systems:

Virtual Console: Famicom/NES port released in North America
North America
on April 9, 2007 for the Wii, on March 13, 2014 for the Nintendo 3DS
Nintendo 3DS
and on August 15, 2013 for the Wii
Wii
U; In Japan, the arcade version released on November 24, 2009 for the Wii
Wii
while the Famicom/NES port released on May 22, 2013 for the Nintendo 3DS. Xbox Live Arcade—released July 26, 2006 iOS ( Galaga
Galaga
Remix, includes original)—released March 31, 2009 Nintendo 3DS: As part of the retail title Pac-Man
Pac-Man
& Galaga Dimensions; Released in Japan
Japan
on June 23, 2011; North America
North America
on July 26, 2011; Europe on August 26, 2011. Roku—released October 24, 2011 Maemo
Maemo
5 (Nokia N900): Free download from Ovi Store available in certain regions only.[7] PlayStation 4, Steam, and Xbox One: released April 20, 2016 as part of the Arcade Game Series.

Galaga
Galaga
has also been released as part of the Namco
Namco
Museum series of collections across several platforms:

Nintendo 64
Nintendo 64
( Namco
Namco
Museum 64) Nintendo DS
Nintendo DS
( Namco
Namco
Museum DS) PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo GameCube
Nintendo GameCube
( Namco
Namco
Museum) PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo GameCube, Game Boy
Game Boy
Advance and Microsoft Windows ( Namco
Namco
Museum: 50th Anniversary) PlayStation Portable
PlayStation Portable
( Namco
Namco
Museum Battle Collection) PlayStation (as part of Namco
Namco
Museum Volume 1) Dreamcast, Game Boy
Game Boy
Advance ( Namco
Namco
Museum) Xbox 360
Xbox 360
( Namco
Namco
Museum Virtual Arcade) PlayStation 3
PlayStation 3
( Namco
Namco
Museum Essentials) Wii
Wii
( Namco
Namco
Museum Megamix) Nintendo Switch
Nintendo Switch
( Namco
Namco
Museum)

Galaga
Galaga
was used as a side game during the loading stage of the PlayStation port of Tekken in 1995. This version consisted entirely of challenging stages. In Point Blank 2, there are a few Galaga challenging stages where the player must shoot a certain number of enemies to complete the stage. In 2001, Namco
Namco
released a "20 Year Reunion / Class of 1981" arcade unit which contained the original Ms. Pac-Man
Pac-Man
and Galaga
Galaga
games. Some of the original game's bugs are still present in this version, including the ability to stop all enemies from firing at the player. This version added a continue feature, when the player's lives are exhausted, the player can choose to continue or start over. The game was later released as part of the Pac-Man's Arcade Party arcade machine in 2010. Namco
Namco
began releasing Galaga
Galaga
on mobile platforms in 2004. The game is available for play on most game-enabled cell phones, Palm devices and Pocket PCs.[8] In celebration of the 25th anniversary of the game, Sprint is also offering their wireless subscribers the chance to start the game in Dual Fighter Mode.[9] Galaga
Galaga
is also one of the bonus arcade games included in the Wii
Wii
and Nintendo 3DS
Nintendo 3DS
versions of Pac-Man
Pac-Man
Party. Remakes[edit] In 1995, Namco
Namco
re-released Galaga
Galaga
along with an enhanced remake titled Galaga
Galaga
Arrangement, which features a number of graphical enhancements and gameplay differences from the original. Galaga Arrangement
Galaga Arrangement
has subsequently been published as part of the Namco
Namco
Museum compilation on several home video game consoles. Another remake, Galaga: Destination Earth, was released in 1998 for Windows, the PlayStation, and the Game Boy Color. A Galaga Remix
Galaga Remix
game was part of the 2007 Wii
Wii
compilation Namco
Namco
Museum Remix and its 2010 follow-up compilation, Namco
Namco
Museum Megamix, but its gameplay completely unlike that of the original—the Wii
Wii
Remote is used as a gun, and players must "protect Pac-Man
Pac-Man
as he rolls through space, and quickly shoot down invading forces before they attack him."[10] Galaga, along with Galaxian, Gaplus, and Galaga
Galaga
'88, was "redesigned and modernized"[11] for an iPhone app compilation called the Galaga 30th Collection, released in commemoration of the event by Namco Bandai.[12] A free-to-play Galaga
Galaga
game based on the anime and manga Space Dandy, was announced under the name Space Galaga. The game follows Meow on a quest to capture rare aliens and has the same mechanics as the original arcade game. Additions to this game include free customization of the Aloha Oe and multiplayer competitive versus. It is released for Apple and Android smartphones. Reception and legacy[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2012)

Reception

Review score

Publication Score

AllGame [13]

AllGame
AllGame
rated the arcade version 5 out of 5 stars.[14] Famicom Tsūshin scored the Game Boy
Game Boy
version of the game a 24 out of 40 upon release.[15] The NES version received a score of 80% from Joystick upon release,[16] and later 8 out of 10 from GameSpy.[17] In 1996, Next Generation listed the arcade version at number 96 in their "Top 100 Games of All Time", citing the innovations it added to the Space Invaders
Space Invaders
formula, in particular that ships can be captured and rescued and players can gain two simultaneous shots.[18] In an article on MAME-based arcade game emulation, Games magazine's Eric Berlin placed Galaga
Galaga
among his top 7 best holding-up titles from the past, and he described the game as one of the few titles of the era to add new twists to the Space Invaders
Space Invaders
formula by allowing the aliens to capture your ship.[19] Game Informer
Game Informer
ranked it the 19th best video game in 2001. The staff felt that it was still the best shooter of its kind.[20] It has been included among the best video games of all time by various other publications, including Electronic Gaming Monthly
Electronic Gaming Monthly
(in 1997,[21] 2001[22] and 2006[23]), G4,[24] GameFAQs
GameFAQs
(in 2004[25] and 2009[26]), GameSpy,[27] GameTrailers,[28] IGN,[29] Killer List of Videogames,[30] and Time magazine.[31] In December 2017 XSplit
XSplit
and Meow Wolf
Meow Wolf
announced a Galaga
Galaga
World Championship. Entitled Score Wars the four day event will stream on Twitch.tv
Twitch.tv
and has both amateur and pro-level competitions with $1,500 and $10,000 first place prizes, respectively. The competition will be held at Meow Wolf's House of Eternal Return in Santa Fe, New Mexico March 29 through April 1, 2018.[32] Records[edit] The world record highest score for Galaga
Galaga
was set in June 1989 by Stephen Krogman of Boca Raton, Florida. Krogman scored 15,999,990 points based on Marathon settings.[33] On January 1, 2011, Andrew Laidlaw of Kirkland, Washington, achieved a world record high score of 4,525,150 points on the much harder Tournament settings.[34] The Rapid-Fire settings[35] (depression of the fire button causing continuous shooting) world record is held by Jon E. Klinkel of Battle Creek, Michigan, with a world record high score of 3,210,590 points. In 2001, Namco
Namco
released Ms. Pacman / Galaga
Galaga
Class of 1981 as part of a compilation. The world record highest score for Galaga
Galaga
based on the Fast-Shoot Speed settings[36] (where bullets are fired at a much faster rate than the original fire version) is held by Daniel Rodriguez of Hialeah, Florida, who achieved 4,300,360 points. Galaga
Galaga
in popular culture[edit]

Galaga
Galaga
Christmas tree
Christmas tree
ornament

In 1983, shortly after Galaga
Galaga
was released in the United States, MGM sent a Galaga
Galaga
machine to Matthew Broderick
Matthew Broderick
for him to practice prior to shooting the movie WarGames. He practiced for two months and the Galaga
Galaga
arcade unit makes two appearances in the film. Galaga
Galaga
sound effects can be heard as background noise in an arcade on the CHiPs
CHiPs
episode "High Times", which aired on January 16, 1983. In 2007, the ABC TV series Lost included a submarine named Galaga, in honor of the arcade game. Writers of the series would often play the game between writing sessions.[37] In 2009, the Hallmark greeting card company released a Christmas tree ornament shaped like a Galaga
Galaga
arcade machine, complete with sound clips from the game.[38] American musician Frank Ocean
Frank Ocean
mentioned the game Galaga
Galaga
in his verse of the 2012 Odd Future
Odd Future
song Oldie. [39] In the 2013 novel University, set in the 1980s, one segment focuses on a marathon Galaga
Galaga
session, with wheelchair-bound freshman Dwight Manning making a run at the then-existing world record.[40] Film[edit] Galaga
Galaga
appeared in the following movies: WarGames
WarGames
(1983), The Karate Kid (1984), Planes, Trains and Automobiles
Planes, Trains and Automobiles
(1987), and Pixels (2015) as the first game that attacks.[41] Galaga
Galaga
appeared briefly in 2012's The Avengers. Upon entering S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Helicarrier, Tony Stark catches an agent playing Galaga and remarks, "That man is playing Galaga. Thought we wouldn't notice, but we did." After the Avengers' team meeting, the agent returns to his game.[42] Video game[edit] The Galaga
Galaga
boss is an item in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS
Nintendo 3DS
and Wii
Wii
U. Players can throw the boss at enemies, and the boss will then proceed to use its tractor beam to lift the opponents away. References[edit]

^ Galaga
Galaga
at MobyGames ^ "Computer Archeology analysis of the Galaga
Galaga
no-fire bug". Retrieved 2010-04-20.  ^ "Galaga: TEKKEN Edition - Android Apps on Google Play". Archived from the original on 2015-05-18. Retrieved 2015-04-30.  ^ http://arcadeheroes.com/2016/02/12/new-releases-the-hobbit-pinball-galaga-assault/ ^ http://toucharcade.com/2016/11/01/galaga-wars-out-now/ ^ "Video Shorts: Galaga". Nintendo Power. Vol.2, Pg.84. September/October 1988. ^ "[ OVI Store .. sort of ] Pacman & Galaga".  ^ "Galaga". Namco
Namco
Games. Archived from the original on 2008-12-05. Retrieved 2009-05-01.  ^ "2009 News Releases". Sprint. Retrieved 2009-05-01.  ^ [1][dead link] ^ "Jesse David Hollington, " Namco
Namco
releases Galaga
Galaga
30th Anniversary Collection"". Ilounge.com. 2011-06-09.  ^ " Galaga
Galaga
30th Anniversary Collection information from Apple iTunes". Itunes.apple.com. 2011-06-09.  ^ "Galaga". Rovi Corporation. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014.  ^ "Galaga". Rovi Corporation. Archived from the original on 10 December 2014.  ^ NEW GAMES CROSS REVIEW: ギャラガ&ギャラクシアン. Weekly Famicom Tsūshin. No.344. Pg.32. 21 July 1995. ^ "Chase HQ" (JPG). Download.abandonware.org. Retrieved 2016-03-11.  ^ "Classic Review Archive - Galaga". Archived from the original on 7 October 2008.  ^ "Top 100 Games of All Time". Next Generation. No. 21. Imagine Media. September 1996. p. 38.  ^ Berlin, Eric. "Rediscover the Classics - As Good As Ever". Games. Issue 158 (Vol 24, #1). Pg.11. February 2000. ^ Cork, Jeff (2009-11-16). "Game Informer's Top 100 Games of All Time (Circa Issue 100)". Game Informer. Retrieved 2013-12-10.  ^ "Best Games of All Time" (developers' picks), Electronic Gaming Monthly, issue 100 (November 1997), pages 101-155 ^ Top 100 Games of All Time, Electronic Gaming Monthly, 2001 ^ "The Greatest 200 Videogames of Their Time". Electronic Gaming Monthly. February 6, 2006. Archived from the original on December 2, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2013.  ^ G4TV’s Top 100 Games, G4, 2012 ^ "Spring 2004: Best. Game. Ever". GameFAQs. Archived from the original on February 9, 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2008.  ^ "Spring 2009: Best. Game. Ever". GameFAQs. Retrieved December 13, 2014.  ^ "GameSpy's Top 50 Arcade Games of All-Time". GameSpy. IGN. February 25, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2013.  ^ Game Informer's Top 200 Games of All Time, Game Informer, 2009 ^ "IGN's Top 100 Games of All Time". IGN. 2003. Retrieved 2014-12-17.  ^ "The Top Coin-Operated Videogames of All Time - The International Arcade Museum".  ^ "Best Video Games Best Video Games of ALL-TIME TIME.com". Techland.time.com. 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2016-03-11.  ^ " Meow Wolf
Meow Wolf
and XSplit
XSplit
Announce Galaga
Galaga
World Championship". gaminglyfe.com. 2017-12-14. Retrieved 2017-12-14.  ^ Krogman, Stephen. " Galaga
Galaga
Marathon Settings High Score". twingalaxies.com. Retrieved 2017-01-16.  ^ Laidlaw, Andrew. " Galaga
Galaga
Tournament Settings High Score". twingalaxies.com. Retrieved 2017-01-16.  ^ Klinkel, Jon E. " Galaga
Galaga
Rapid-Fire Settings High Score". twingalaxies.com. Retrieved 2017-01-16.  ^ Rodriguez, Daniel. "Ms. Pac-Man
Pac-Man
/ Galaga: Class of 1981 [Galaga] Fast-Fire Settings High Score". twingalaxies.com. Retrieved 2017-01-16.  ^ Official Lost Podcast/April 16, 2007 ^ "2009 Galaga, Magic". HallmarkOrnaments.com. The Ornament Factory. Retrieved 2012-04-30.  ^ "Oldie Lyrics". Genius.  ^ Grisham, John William (2013). University. Aloha Lounge Press. ISBN 0-9889-6040-0. ^ "Classic video game characters unite via film 'Pixels'". Philstar. July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 23, 2014.  ^ Clark, Cody (24 May 2012). "Don't go tugging on Iron Man's, um, whatever". Daily Herald. Provo, Utah: Lee Enterprises. 

Further reading[edit]

Sellers, John (2001). Arcade Fever: The Fan's Guide to the Golden Age of Video Games. Running Press. ISBN 0-7624-0937-1. 

External links[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Video games portal 1980s portal

Galaga
Galaga
at the Killer List of Videogames Galaga
Galaga
at the Arcade History database Galaga
Galaga
at MobyGames Galaga
Galaga
on Mobile at NamcoGames.com Galaga
Galaga
flash game at ClickerGames.info Score Wars: Galaga
Galaga
World Championship Official Website

v t e

Galaxian
Galaxian
series

Standard games

Galaxian Galaga Gaplus Galaga
Galaga
'88 Galaga
Galaga
Arrangement Galaga: Destination Earth Galaga Arrangement
Galaga Arrangement
(Battle Collection) Galaga Remix
Galaga Remix
(Wii) Galaga
Galaga
Legions Galaga Legions DX Galaga
Galaga
3D Impact

Arcade laserdisc

Galaxian
Galaxian
3 Attack of the Zolgear

Smartphone applications

Galaga
Galaga
Remix Galaga
Galaga
30th Colle

.