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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Foix
Foix
(French pronunciation: ​[fwa]; Occitan: Fois [ˈfujs, ˈfujʃ]; Catalan: Foix
Foix
[ˈfoʃ]) is a commune, the former capital of the County of Foix. Today it is the Préfecture of the Ariège department in southwestern France
France
in the Occitanie
Occitanie
region. It is the least populous administrative centre of a department in all of France, although it is only very slightly smaller than Privas. It lies south of Toulouse, close to the border with Spain
Spain
and Andorra. At the 2009 census, the city had a population of 9,861 people. It is only the second city of the department after Pamiers
Pamiers
which is one of the two sub-prefectures. Foix
Foix
is twinned with the English cathedral city of Ripon.

Contents

1 History 2 Education

2.1 Primary education 2.2 Secondary education 2.3 Higher Education

3 Population 4 Heraldry 5 Philately 6 International relations 7 Personalities 8 Tour de France 9 Sights

9.1 Botanical Garden 9.2 Granary 9.3 Castle 9.4 Saint-Volusien Abbey 9.5 Old Town 9.6 Chapel and area of Montgauzy 9.7 The Alleys of Villote

10 Bibliography 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

Château des Comtes de Foix

The Romans built a fort on the rocky hill where the Château de Foix castle now overlooks the town. The town of Foix
Foix
probably owes its origin to an oratory founded by Charlemagne, which afterwards became the Abbey
Abbey
of Saint Volusianus in 849. The current area was preceded by the County of Foix. The founding, in 849, of the Abbey
Abbey
Saint-Volusien allowed the development of urban living in the tenth century to the twelfth century. The city reached its peak in the fourteenth century. The castle, whose foundations date back to the early tenth century, was a strong fortress that withstood the repeated attacks of Simon de Montfort IV between 1211 and 1217, during the Albigensian Crusade. In 1272, when the Count of Foix
Foix
refused to recognize the sovereignty of the king of France, Philip the Bold personally took the leadership of an expedition against the city, subsequently the count surrendered. In 1290, at a meeting of the Béarn region and the county of Foix, the city was practically abandoned by the Counts. Gaston Phoebus was the last to have lived in the castle, and by the sixteenth century the castle had lost its military purpose. The castle was then used as a prison until 1864. In 1536 began the first Reformation preaching in Foix, and in 1579 the church of Montgauzy was destroyed. The same fate awaited the abbey and its church in 1581. The following year, Foix
Foix
was retaken by Catholics, and in 1589 the Count of Foix, Henry of Navarre, was crowned King of France
France
and became Henry IV. Education[edit] Primary education[edit]

Lucien Goron primary school Cadirac Primary School Cardie Primary School Courbet Primary School Bruilhols Primary School

Secondary education[edit]

College Lakanal Gabriel Fauré General and Technological School Jean Durroux Vocational School

Higher Education[edit]

Central University of the Ariège

Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 3,265 —    

1800 3,509 +7.5%

1806 3,959 +12.8%

1821 4,552 +15.0%

1831 4,857 +6.7%

1836 4,699 −3.3%

1841 4,714 +0.3%

1846 5,086 +7.9%

1851 4,684 −7.9%

1856 5,257 +12.2%

1861 5,507 +4.8%

1866 6,746 +22.5%

1872 6,706 −0.6%

1876 6,362 −5.1%

1881 7,076 +11.2%

1886 7,369 +4.1%

1891 7,568 +2.7%

1896 6,722 −11.2%

1901 7,065 +5.1%

1906 6,750 −4.5%

1911 6,806 +0.8%

1921 6,165 −9.4%

1926 6,461 +4.8%

1931 6,279 −2.8%

1936 7,006 +11.6%

1946 7,798 +11.3%

1954 7,632 −2.1%

1962 8,156 +6.9%

1968 9,331 +14.4%

1975 9,599 +2.9%

1982 9,282 −3.3%

1990 9,964 +7.3%

1999 9,109 −8.6%

2008 9,712 +6.6%

2012 9,756 +0.5%

Heraldry[edit] The coat of arms used by the commune has the blazon D'or à trois pals de gueules (gold with three red stripes). This is replicated on the flag, and in the arms of the département. It originates from the arms of the Counts of Foix, and, as such, dates back into medieval times. It bears a resemblance to the coat of arms of Aragon, both featuring in the coat of arms of Andorra. Philately[edit] In 1955 the post office issued a postage stamp with a face value of 50 cents, consisting of the black, green, yellow and red representing the Arms of County of Foix
County of Foix
which is referenced as YT 1044. It is part of the eighth century series of Provincial Coat of Arms. In 1958, the post office issued a postage stamp with a face value of 15 f., consisting of Ultramarine, gray, brown and green representing the Château de Foix
Château de Foix
which is referenced YT 11759.

International relations[edit] Foix
Foix
is twinned with the following places:

Lleida
Lleida
(Spain) since 1962 Andorra
Andorra
la Vella (Andorra) Ripon
Ripon
( United Kingdom
United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

Personalities[edit]

Louis de Bassompierre, abbot of Saint-Volusien Frédéric Soulié
Frédéric Soulié
(1800-1847), novelist, dramatist, critic and journalist. Charles de Freycinet
Charles de Freycinet
(1828-1923), statesman and prime minister. Louis Pailhas (born 1926), director of the National School of Civil Aviation from 1967 to 1982 Roger Bataille (1926-1962) painter Christian d' Orgeix
Orgeix
(born 1927), surrealist painter Alexandre Rauzy, MP under the Third Republic, the Socialist Party activist and Democratic Socialist Party Eric Carrière, footballer Jean Clottes
Jean Clottes
(1933-), world-renowned prehistorian George-Patrick Gleize, (1952-), writer Marc Bonneval (1953-2010), philosopher and translator Jean-Yves Ferri
Jean-Yves Ferri
(1959-), author of comics Chloé Mortaud, Miss France Joseph Delteil (1909–1979), speleologist, died in Foix

Tour de France[edit] Hosting History: • On historic Bastille Day, 14th of July, the Town of Foix
Foix
hosted the arrival of the 2017 TDF racing teams on Stage 13, St. Girons-Foix. • Hosted arrival Stage 14 in 2012 Tour de France, Limoux-Foix. • It was the finishing town of Stage 11 in the 2008 Tour de France, Lannemezan-Foix. • For the 2007 Tour de France, Foix hosted the start of Stage 15, Foix
Foix
- Loudenvielle-Le Louron. Sights[edit] Botanical Garden[edit] The botanical garden, Les Épines de Lespinet, has a collection of cacti and succulents, as well as citrus trees, banana plants, and Mediterranean vegetation. Granary[edit] The granary, dating from 1870, is in the style of Victor Baltard. Castle[edit] The castle stands on a rocky outcrop, to the west of the town. The majority of the present building dates from the twelfth century to the fourteenth century. In the North, the square tower, covered by a slated roof at the end of the nineteenth century, is certainly the oldest because it dates the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The middle tower, built in the thirteenth century, was completely renovated in the fourteenth century. It has beautiful architectural features such as sculpted heads and coats of arms keystones. The round tower on the other hand has Gothic architecture with large bays illuminating beautiful hexagonal vaulted halls. Saint-Volusien Abbey[edit] In 1104, the regular canons of St. Augustine took possession of an abbey housing the relics of St. Volusien. It was then that the construction of a large church with three naves, with a transept, was undertaken. In the fourteenth century, the Romanesque apse was replaced by a new polygonal chancel. The building was destroyed during the religious wars and the relics were burned. Reconstruction work was undertaken from 1609 and completed in 1670. Of the medieval church, there are mainly the portal and the base of the walls of the nave remaining. There is an organ of 40 stops, built by Fermis in 1869 and restored in 2007. Old Town[edit] This still retains its medieval character as reflected in the narrow streets (Rue des Marchands, the Rue des Chapeliers), and some half-timbered houses. Chapel and area of Montgauzy[edit] Of the primitive Romanesque church and the church of the thirteenth century, there is nothing left. The present church dates partly from 1628, and kept the Romanesque layout and a portal that imitates the style. The history of the chapel Montgauzy is hectic. Its foundation commemorates the victory of Charlemagne
Charlemagne
over the Moors in 778, and the chapel became a place of pilgrimage. In 1340, the Bishop of Pamiers, Arnaud Villemur, had to intervene against incivility of some of pilgrims which were becoming increasingly numerous (there were reports of noisy evenings). On January 4, 1562, the chapel is one of the many targets of the Reformation and in 1579 the governor of the castle of Foix
Foix
demolished it. It was rebuilt in 1628 and the pilgrimage recommenced. Following the revolution, having been rebuilt, it is sold in 1791. This private property, due to lack of maintenance, then falls apart. It is the turn of the department to make the purchase in 1840. An École Normale is installed in the area and the chapel in 1843 is made fit for worship. It closed again in 1883, and the furniture is scattered. After repairs in 1943, it was again reopened for worship. The Alleys of Villote[edit] The "Villote" (small town), in the Middle Ages, was a space outside the walls surrounding the city built in 1330. Executions took place sometimes at the alleys. In the thirteenth century, after the destruction of the city walls, tree planting and urban works with a fountain and orchestra setting, make it the choice for walking for the local Fuxéens. The site currently houses the festivities of the city, the market (every Friday) as well as many shops, eating places and public services. Bibliography[edit]

Claudine Pailhès, Le comté de Foix: un pays et des hommes : regards sur un comté pyrénéen au moyen âge (Louve, 2006) ISBN 2-916488-09-X, ISBN 978-2-916488-09-7, 462 p. [1]

See also[edit]

Castle of Foix List of Co-Princes of Andorra Communes of the Ariège department

References[edit]

INSEE

^ "Ville de Foix" (in French). habitants.fr. Retrieved 27 March 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Foix.

Medieval History of Navarre Official website (in French) List of Counts of Foix Rulers of Languedoc (including Foix) Discover Foix
Foix
on www.toulousevisit.com[permanent dead link] [2]

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Ariège department
Communes of the Ariège department

Aigues-Juntes Aigues-Vives L'Aiguillon Albiès Aleu Alliat Allières Alos Alzen Antras Appy Arabaux Argein Arignac Arnave Arrien-en-Bethmale Arrout Artigat Artigues Artix Arvigna Ascou Aston Aucazein Audressein Augirein Aulos Aulus-les-Bains Auzat Axiat Ax-les-Thermes Bagert Balacet Balaguères Barjac La Bastide-de-Besplas La Bastide-de-Bousignac La Bastide-de-Lordat La Bastide-de-Sérou La Bastide-du-Salat La Bastide-sur-l'Hers Baulou Bédeilhac-et-Aynat Bédeille Bélesta Belloc Bénac Benagues Bénaix Besset Bestiac Betchat Bethmale Bézac Biert Bompas Bonac-Irazein Bonnac Les Bordes-sur-Arize Bordes-Uchentein Le Bosc Bouan Boussenac Brassac Brie Burret Buzan Les Cabannes Cadarcet Calzan Camarade Camon Campagne-sur-Arize Canté Capoulet-et-Junac Carcanières Carla-Bayle Carla-de-Roquefort Le Carlaret Castelnau-Durban Castéras Castex Castillon-en-Couserans Caumont Caussou Caychax Cazals-des-Baylès Cazaux Cazavet Cazenave-Serres-et-Allens Celles Cérizols Cescau Château-Verdun Clermont Contrazy Cos Couflens Coussa Coutens Crampagna Dalou Daumazan-sur-Arize Dreuilhe Dun Durban-sur-Arize Durfort Encourtiech Engomer Ercé Erp Esclagne Escosse Esplas Esplas-de-Sérou Eycheil Fabas Ferrières-sur-Ariège Foix Fornex Le Fossat Fougax-et-Barrineuf Freychenet Gabre Gajan Galey Ganac Garanou Gaudiès Génat Gestiès Goulier Gourbit Gudas L'Herm L'Hospitalet-près-l'Andorre Ignaux Ilhat Illartein Illier-et-Laramade Les Issards Justiniac Labatut Lacave Lacourt Lagarde Lanoux Lapège Lapenne Larbont Larcat Larnat Laroque-d'Olmes Lasserre Lassur Lavelanet Léran Lercoul Lescousse Lescure Lesparrou Leychert Lézat-sur-Lèze Lieurac Limbrassac Lissac Lordat Lorp-Sentaraille Loubaut Loubens Loubières Ludiès Luzenac Madière Malegoude Malléon Manses Le Mas-d'Azil Massat Mauvezin-de-Prat Mauvezin-de-Sainte-Croix Mazères Méras Mercenac Mercus-Garrabet Mérens-les-Vals Mérigon Miglos Mijanès Mirepoix Monesple Montagagne Montaillou Montardit Montaut Montbel Montégut-en-Couserans Montégut-Plantaurel Montels Montesquieu-Avantès Montfa Montferrier Montgaillard Montgauch Montjoie-en-Couserans Montoulieu Montségur Montseron Moulin-Neuf Moulis Nalzen Nescus Niaux Orgeix Orgibet Orlu Ornolac-Ussat-les-Bains Orus Oust Pailhès Pamiers Pech Péreille Perles-et-Castelet Le Peyrat Le Pla Le Port Prades Pradettes Pradières Prat-Bonrepaux Prayols Le Puch Les Pujols Quérigut Quié Rabat-les-Trois-Seigneurs Raissac Régat Rieucros Rieux-de-Pelleport Rimont Rivèrenert Roquefixade Roquefort-les-Cascades Roumengoux Rouze Sabarat Saint-Amadou Saint-Amans Saint-Bauzeil Sainte-Croix-Volvestre Sainte-Foi Sainte-Suzanne Saint-Félix-de-Rieutord Saint-Félix-de-Tournegat Saint-Girons Saint-Jean-d'Aigues-Vives Saint-Jean-de-Verges Saint-Jean-du-Castillonnais Saint-Jean-du-Falga Saint-Julien-de-Gras-Capou Saint-Lary Saint-Lizier Saint-Martin-de-Caralp Saint-Martin-d'Oydes Saint-Michel Saint-Paul-de-Jarrat Saint-Pierre-de-Rivière Saint-Quentin-la-Tour Saint-Quirc Saint-Victor-Rouzaud Saint-Ybars Salsein Saurat Sautel Saverdun Savignac-les-Ormeaux Ségura Seix Sem Senconac Sentein Sentenac-de-Sérou Sentenac-d'Oust Serres-sur-Arget Sieuras Siguer Sinsat Sor Sorgeat Soueix-Rogalle Soula Soulan Suc-et-Sentenac Surba Suzan Tabre Tarascon-sur-Ariège Taurignan-Castet Taurignan-Vieux Teilhet Thouars-sur-Arize Tignac La Tour-du-Crieu Tourtouse Tourtrol Trémoulet Troye-d'Ariège Unac Unzent Urs Ussat Ustou Vals Varilhes Vaychis Vèbre Ventenac Verdun Vernajoul Vernaux Le Vernet Verniolle Vicdessos Villeneuve Villeneuve-d'Olmes Villeneuve-du-Latou Villeneuve-du-Paréage Vira Viviès

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 141903406 GND: 4086508-3 BNF:

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