FARNHAM is a town in
England , within the Borough of
Waverley . The town is 34.5 miles (55.5 km) WSW of
London in the
extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with
Hampshire . By
Guildford is 11 miles (17 km) to the east and
further 28 miles (45 km) along the same axis as London.
Farnham is the
largest town in Waverley, and one of the five largest conurbations in
Surrey. It is of historic interest, with many old buildings, including
a number of Georgian houses.
Farnham Castle overlooks the town. A
short distance southeast of the town centre are the ruins of Waverley
Abbey , Moor Park House and Mother Ludlam\'s Cave .
Farnham is twinned
Germany . It is drained by the
River Wey (North
Branch) which is navigable only to canoes at this point.
* 1.1 Climate
* 2.1 Prehistory
* 2.3 The Anglo-Saxon period
* 2.3.1 The Hundred of
* 2.4 After the Norman invasion
* 2.5 The Civil War
* 2.6 Post-restoration
* 3 Transport
* 3.1 Rail
* 3.2 Roads
* 3.3 Buses
* 3.4 Air
* 3.5 Recreational routes
* 4 Economy
* 5 Public services
* 5.1 Public library
* 5.2 Museum of
* 5.3 Leisure and recreation
* 5.4 Hospital
* 6 Tourism
* 7 Culture
* 7.1 Entertainment
* 7.2 The arts
* 7.2.1 The Maltings
* 7.2.2 Actors and actresses
* 7.2.3 The New Ashgate Gallery
* 8 Education
* 9 Sport
* 10 Demography and housing
* 11 Politics
* 12 Media
* 13 Notable people
* 13.1 Notable sportspeople
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External links
Farnham's history and present status are mainly the result of its
geography ; a combination of river, streams, fresh water springs and
varied soils, together with a temperate climate, was attractive in
prehistoric times. The geology of the area continues to influence the
town, both in terms of communications, scenic and botanic variety and
the main local industries of agriculture and minerals extraction.
Farnham Geological Society is an active organisation in the town, and
the Museum of
Farnham has a collection of geological samples and
Farnham lies in the valley of the North Branch of the
River Wey ,
which rises near Alton , merges with the South Branch at
Tilford , and
River Thames at
Weybridge . The mainly east-west alignment
of the ridges and valleys has influenced the development of road and
rail communications. The most prominent geological feature is the
chalk of the
North Downs which forms a ridge (the Hog\'s Back ) to the
east of the town, and continues through
Farnham Park to the north of
the town centre, and westwards to form the
Hampshire Downs . The land
rises to more than 180 metres (591 ft) above sea level (ASL) to the
north of the town at Caesar's Camp which, with the northern part of
the Park, lies on gravel beds. There are a number of swallow holes in
the Park where this stratum meets the chalk. The historic core of the
town lies on gravel beds at an altitude of roughly 70 metres (230 ft)
ASL on an underlying geology of
Gault Clay and
Upper Greensand and the
southern part of the town rises to more than 100 metres (328 ft) on
Lower Greensand .
Farnham has a temperate maritime climate, free from extreme
temperatures, with moderate rainfall and often breezy conditions. The
nearest official weather station to
Farnham is Alice Holt Lodge, just
under 3.5 miles south west of the town centre.
The highest temperature recorded was 35.4C (95.7F), in July 2006. In
an 'average' year, the warmest day would reach 29.1C (84.4F), with
15.2 days attaining a temperature of 25.1C (77.2F) or higher.
The lowest temperature recorded was -14.0C (7.0F) in February 1986.
On average, 58.6 nights of the year will register an air frost.
Annual rainfall averages 799mm, with at least 1mm of rain reported
on 122.4 days. All averages refer to the 1971–2000 observation
CLIMATE DATA FOR ALICE HOLT LODGE, ELEVATION 115M, 1971–2000,
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Source #1: YR.NO
Farnham's history has been claimed to extend back tens of thousands
of years to hunters of the
Paleolithic or early
Stone Age , on the
basis of tools and prehistoric animal bones found together in deep
gravel pits. The first known settlement in the area was in the
Mesolithic period, some 7,000 years ago; a cluster of pit dwellings
and evidence of a flint-knapping industry from that period has been
excavated a short distance to the east of the town. There is a
Neolithic long barrow at nearby
Badshot Lea , now destroyed by
quarrying. This monument lay on the route of the prehistoric trackway
known as the
Harrow Way or Harroway, which passes through Farnham
Park, and a sarsen stone still stands nearby, which is believed to
have marked the safe crossing point of a marshy area near the present
Shepherd and Flock roundabout. The parallel Pilgrims\' Way , known as
such for linking
Winchester , also dates back to
prehistory and, like the Harrow Way, may date back to the time when
Britain was physically joined to continental
Occupation of the area continued to grow through the
Bronze Age . Two
bronze hoards have been discovered on Crooksbury Hill, and further
artefacts have been found, particularly at sites in Green Lane and
near the Bourne spring in
Farnham Park. A significant number of Bronze
Age barrows occur in the area, including a triple barrow at Elstead
and an urnfield cemetery at Stoneyfield, near the
Hill forts from the early
Iron Age have been identified locally at
Botany Hill to the south of the town, and at Caesar\'s Camp to the
north. The latter is a very large earthwork on a high promontory,
served by a spring which emerges from between two conglomerate
boulders called the Jock and Jenny Stones. "Soldier's Ring"
earthworks on Crooksbury Hill date from the later Iron Age. The final
era of the Iron Age, during the 1st century AD , found
the territory of the
Atrebates tribe led by
Commius , a former
ally of Caesar , who had brought his tribe to Britain following a
dispute with the Romans. A hut dating from this period was discovered
at the Bourne Spring and other occupation material has been discovered
at various sites, particularly Green Lane.
During the Roman period the district became a pottery centre due to
the plentiful supply of gault clay , oak woodlands for fuel, and good
communications via the
Harrow Way and the nearby Roman road from
Chichester . Kilns dating from about AD 100 have been
found throughout the area, including Six Bells (near the Bourne
Spring), Snailslynch and Mavins Road, but the main centre of pottery
Alice Holt Forest
Alice Holt Forest , on the edge of the town, since about AD
50, just 7 years after the arrival of the Romans. The Alice Holt
potteries continued in use, making mainly domestic wares, until about
AD 400. Near the Bourne Spring two Roman buildings were discovered;
one was a bath-house dating from about AD 270 and the other a house of
later date. The Roman Way housing estate stands on this site. William
Stukeley propounded that
Farnham is the site of the lost Roman
settlement of "Vindomis ", although this is now believed to be at
Neatham , near Alton . Large hoards of Roman coins have been
discovered some 10 miles (16 km) south-west of
Farnham in Woolmer
Forest and a temple has been excavated at Wanborough , about 8 miles
(13 km) to the east.
THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD
It was the Saxons who gave the town its name—
Farnham is listed as
Fearnhamme in the
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle . Fearn refers to the fern and
bracken of the land and Hamme to the water meadows. They arrived in
the sixth century and, in AD 688, the West Saxon King Caedwalla
donated the district around
Farnham to the Church, and to the diocese
Winchester . This was the first mention of
Farnham in written
history. A Saxon community grew up in the valley by the river. By the
Farnham had passed into the ownership of the Bishop of
Winchester and the Manor of
Farnham remained so (apart from two short
breaks) for the next thousand years. Although
Farnham is documented in
Saxon texts and most of the local names are derived from their
language, there is only one fully attested Saxon site in Farnham, just
off the lower part of Firgrove Hill, where a road called Saxon Croft
is now sited. Here several Saxon weaving huts from about AD 550 were
discovered in 1924. At the time of the Danish invasion in the 9th
century (probably in 893 or 894) there was a battle on the edge of the
Edward the Elder
Edward the Elder , son of
Alfred the Great
Alfred the Great , routed
The Hundred Of Farnham
A hundred (county subdivision) was an area that had a general
overlord of its lords of the manor, entitled to charge certain rents
to certain intermediate lords . Parishes within
Farnham hundred were:
Frensham (including tything Pitfold with
Churt ) (partly in the
hundred of Alton)
Elstead , the liberty of Dockenfield, the liberty of
Waverley , Seal (now Seale) the tythings of Badshot ,
Tilford with Culverlands, Farnham, Runwick, Wrecklesham
Wrecclesham ), and Bourne .
In the 14th century,
Farnham hundred was owned by the Bishop of
Winchester and was one of the wealthiest on the bishop's rolls.
See also, in this context:
AFTER THE NORMAN INVASION
Farnham appears in
Domesday Book of 1086 as Ferneham, one of the five
great "minster " churches in Surrey. Its Domesday assets were: 40
hides ; 1 church, 6 mills worth £2 6s 0d, 43 ploughs , 35 acres
(140,000 m2) of meadow , woodland worth 175½ hogs . It rendered £53.
Waverley Abbey, the first
Cistercian abbey in
England , was founded
in 1128 by
William Giffard , Bishop of
Winchester about one mile (1.6
km) south of the town centre. King John visited Waverley in 1208, and
Henry III in 1225. The abbey produced the famous Annals of Waverley,
an important reference source for the period. By the end of the
thirteenth century the abbey was becoming less important. By the time
it was suppressed by Henry VIII in 1536 as part of the dissolution of
the monasteries there were only thirteen monks in the community.
The entrance to
The town is midway between
London and, in 1138, Henry
de Blois (grandson of
William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror and brother of King
Stephen ) started building
Farnham Castle to provide accommodation for
the Bishop of
Winchester in his frequent journeying between his
cathedral and the capital. The castle's garrison provided a market for
farms and small industries in the town, accelerating its growth. A
large earthwork north-west of the town at Barley (or Badley) Pound may
be the ditch and ramparts of a wooden precursor of
built in the 11th century.
Farnham was granted its charter as a town in 1249 by William de
Ralegh , then Bishop of
The Blind Bishop's Steps, a series of steps leading along Castle
Street up to the Castle, were originally constructed for Bishop
Richard Foxe (godfather of Henry VIII ).
Black Death hit
Farnham in 1348, killing about 1,300 people, at
that time about a third of the population. In 1625
Farnham was again
subject to an outbreak of the plague which, together with a severe
decline in the local woollen industry (the local downland wool being
unsuitable for the newly fashionable worsted ) led by the 1640s to a
serious economic depression in the area. Local wool merchants were,
like merchants throughout the country, heavily taxed by Charles I to
pay for his increasingly unpopular policies.
THE CIVIL WAR
Against this background the
English Civil War
English Civil War began, with Farnham
playing a major part. Here, support for the Parliamentarians was
general. The castle was considered a potential rallying point for
Royalists , resulting in the installation of a Roundhead garrison
there in 1642. As the King's forces moved southwards, taking
Reading and Windsor , the garrison commander at
Farnham (and noted
George Wither , decided to evacuate the castle; the new
High Sheriff of
Surrey (John Denham , a Royalist sympathiser and
another noted poet) then occupied the vacant castle with 100 armed
supporters. With the castle and much of the surrounding area in
Royalist hands, Parliament despatched Colonel Sir
William Waller to
Farnham to retake the castle. The defenders refused to surrender but
Waller's men used a petard to destroy the castle gates and overcame
them, with only one fatality, and took the High Sheriff prisoner.
The following year, as the Royalists strengthened their position west
of Farnham, the garrison at
Farnham Castle was strengthened when it
became the headquarters of the
Farnham regiment of foot or "Greencoats
", with some eight to nine hundred officers and men, supported by a
number of troops of horse. Further reinforcement by three regiments
from London, 4,000 strong under Waller's command arrived in Farnham
that October prior to an unsuccessful foray to recapture Winchester
from the Royalists. Eight thousand Royalists under Ralph Hopton (a
former friend of Waller) advanced on
Farnham from the west and
skirmishes took place on the outskirts of town. Despite further
reinforcement for Waller from Kent, Hopton's entire army gathered on
the heathland just outside
Farnham Park. There was some skirmishing
but Hopton's men withdrew. Through the next few years
Farnham was an
important centre of Parliamentary operations and the garrison cost
Farnham people dearly in terms of local taxes, provisioning and
quartering; even the lead from the Town Hall roof had been
requisitioned to make bullets. A number of local women were widowed
following the pressing of local men into the militia. The bombardment
Basing House was by a train of heavy cannon assembled at Farnham
from other areas and, in 1646, most of the garrison was removed from
Farnham to form a brigade to besiege
Donnington Castle near Newbury .
The King surrendered shortly afterwards at Newark and a small garrison
remained at Farnham.
In 1647, having escaped from custody at
Hampton Court , the King rode
Farnham at dawn on 12 November with a small party of loyal
officers, en route to the
Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight , where he sought sanctuary
under the protection of Colonel Robert Hammond , a Parliamentarian
officer but with Royalist sympathies. The following March, Oliver
Cromwell stayed at
Farnham for discussions concerning the marriage of
his daughter to a
Hampshire gentleman, although some historians have
speculated that this was cover for secret negotiations with the King.
Following the rebellion during the summer of 1648 the keep was
partially dismantled at the orders of Cromwell, to make further
occupation by garrison indefensible. In late November that year
Hammond was summoned to Farnham, where he was arrested and the King
was removed under military escort to the mainland. On 20 December the
King and his escort entered Farnham, where groups of men, women and
children gathered at the roadside to welcome him and touch his hand.
That night the King lodged at Culver Hall (now Vernon House) in West
Street before the party continued to
London for Charles's trial and
execution in January 1649. The King gave his night cap to Henry
Vernon, owner of Culver Hall, "as a token of Royal favour". Records
show that the following period of interregnum until restoration of the
monarchy in 1660 was a time of prosperity and growth for Farnham. In
1660 the bishops of
Winchester were restored to the adjoining Bishops
Palace, which remained their residence until 1927. From 1927 until
1955 it was a residence of the bishops of the newly created diocese of
Guildford . The castle is currently owned by
English Heritage .
Farnham became a successful market town; the author Daniel Defoe
Farnham had the greatest corn-market after London, and
describes 1,100 fully laden wagons delivering wheat to the town on
market day. During the seventeenth century, other new industries
evolved: greenware pottery (a pottery, dating from 1873, still exists
on the outskirts of the town), wool and cloth , the processing of
wheat into flour, and eventually hops , a key ingredient of beer . The
Anglican divine ,
Augustus Montague Toplady , composer of the hymn
Rock of Ages (1763, at Blagston) was born in
Farnham in 1740 - a
plaque now marks the building on West Street where he was born. Stella
Cottage is a 17th-century cottage, now a listed building, located at
William Cobbett 's birthplace
The radical MP, soldier, farmer, journalist and publisher William
Cobbett was born in
Farnham in 1763, in a pub called the Jolly Farmer.
The pub still stands, and has since been renamed the William Cobbett.
London and South Western Railway arrived in 1848 and, in 1854,
Aldershot became the "Home of the British Army". Both
events had a significant effect on Farnham. The fast link with London
meant city businessmen could think of having a house in the country
and still be in close contact with the office;
Farnham thereby became
an early example of a 'commuter town'. Also, the railway did not reach
Aldershot until 1870; during the intervening period soldiers would be
carried by train to
Farnham station and then march to Aldershot. Many
officers and their families chose to billet in
Farnham itself. The
railway was electrified by the Southern Railway company in 1937 as far
as Alton, and a carriage shed for the new electric stock was built in
Weydon Lane. This building, which carried fading camouflage paint for
many years after World War II, was replaced in 2006. St Andrew\'s
Parish Church seen here from the junction of Middle Church Lane and
Farnham Urban District Council (FUDC) was formed. In 1930
the council purchased
Farnham Park, a large park occupying much of
the former castle grounds. That same year, St
Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc Church was
built on Waverley Lane, it was dedicated to St
Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc because
Farnham Castle was a residence of Cardinal
Henry Beaufort who presided
over the saint's trial. The FUDC was abolished in 1973 by the Local
Government Act of the previous year. Farnham, together with Hindhead,
Cranleigh and surrounding areas were absorbed into the new
Waverley District Council (latterly Waverley Borough Council) with its
headquarters in Godalming. In 1984
Farnham Parish Council became
Farnham Town Council, taking on some of the minor roles of the former
FUDC from Waverley.
Farnham Maltings , Bridge Square was once a tannery; the site
expanded to become part of the
Farnham United Breweries, which
included its own maltings. Taken over by a major brewer (Courage )
brewing ceased but malting continued into the 1960s, when Courage
planned to sell off the site for redevelopment. The people of Farnham
raised enough money to buy the building so that it could be converted
into a community centre for the town. Other buildings in
linked to the
Farnham Maltings include The Oasthouse (now offices) in
Mead Lane and The Hop Kiln (now private residences) on Weydon Lane.
Farnham railway station
Farnham railway station is served by
South West Trains
South West Trains services
between Alton and Waterloo .
South West Trains
South West Trains also manage the
station. Services to
Guildford are facilitated by a line running in
that direction. The
Alton Line becomes a single track between Farnham
and Alton station . The station formerly served as the terminus for
the Tongham railway until passenger services ceased in July 1937.
Farnham bypass links the town by road to
Winchester , Alton
Guildford ; the A325 links the town to Farnborough and to the A3
(London-Portsmouth) at Greatham . The A287 links
Farnham to the M3 at
Hook and the A3 at
Farnham is served by several bus routes, the majority of bus services
Aldershot bus station and are run by Stagecoach . The
Waverley Hoppa service run a scheduled journey from
Farnham Station as
well as demand-responsive travel within the area.
The nearest airport for business passengers is
Farnborough Airport .
The nearest major airport is
London Heathrow Airport which is 31 miles
(50 km) by road. Gatwick Airport and
Southampton Airport are each
about 43 miles (69 km) away by main roads.
Farnham is the western starting point of the
North Downs Way National
Trail , which is predominantly footpath. The Pilgrims Way which
follows long sections of the
North Downs Way traditionally runs from
Winchester to Canterbury. The footpath known as St. Swithun\'s Way has
created a more pleasant route to
Winchester than the modern road
network which constitutes a lot of the Pilgrims Way.
The southern suburb of
Rowledge lies adjacent to the north western
fringes of the
South Downs National Park
South Downs National Park .
National Cycle Route 22 passes through Farnham, connecting it to
Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight and the
New Forest .
Farnham is a market town with many shops located along the main
thoroughfare running through West Street, The Borough and East Street.
The town has a significant number of independent retailers, some of
which have been in business since the nineteenth century, such as
Rangers Furnishing Stores (est. 1895), Elphicks department store (est.
Pullingers (est. 1850). The latter evolved into the
Pullingers Art Shop chain and is thought to be Farnham's oldest
surviving business. There are also branches of national retailers such
as Argos ,
Robert Dyas , Boots ,
Poundland , Waterstone\'s and W H
Smith . The major supermarkets are represented by
Lidl in the town centre, and two
Tesco Express stores
and a Co-operative Food out of town.
Sainsbury's also have a larger
Superstore on the outskirts of town towards
Badshot Lea . There is a
large Jewson (Timber and Builders Merchants) in the same area. Large
garden centres exist nearby at
Holt Pound ,
Frensham and Badshot Lea.
Castle Street's market stalls have been replaced by semi-permanent
"orangery " style buildings. Once a month a farmers\' market is held
in the central car park where produce from farms in
Farnham and the
surrounding area is sold. The
Farnham Maltings hosts a monthly market
selling arts, crafts, antiques and bric-a-brac with specialist fairs
and festivals held there on a less regular basis.
Refurbished in November 2005,
Farnham Library is a community lending
library service run by
Surrey County Council . It includes a
children's section and is the only library in
Surrey to have a
dedicated section for young adults. The library is housed in the
historic Vernon House at which King Charles I slept on his way to his
trial and execution in
London in 1649, commemorated by a plaque on the
building wall. The library features public gardens with sculptures
provided by local artists and UCA students.
MUSEUM OF FARNHAM
The town Museum is located at Willmer House, an eighteenth-century
town house with a decorative brickwork façade in West Street. It
houses an extensive collection of artefacts spanning several periods
of the town's history and prehistory.
The museum was founded in 1961 to provide the
Farnham community with
a collection dedicated to the history of the local area in an elegant
Grade I listed Georgian townhouse which still retains many original
features, including a walled garden. The displays include items from a
large and eclectic collection; from archaeological artefacts to
nationally important artworks by local artists and an extensive
costume collection. They hold three major exhibitions per year, from
artistic collaborations to exhibitions designed for children. The
museum has a Local Studies Library to support family tree and house
detectives, school projects "> There is also a smaller Hale Carnival
which takes place in the village of Hale in the North of Farnham. This
is usually held on the first Saturday of July.
William Herbert Allen , the notable English landscape watercolour
artist, lived and worked in
Farnham for most of his career. He was
Farnham Art School from 1889 to 1927 and many of his works
depict landscapes of the
Farnham area. Illustrator Pauline Baynes
spent much of her childhood in
Farnham and trained at the Farnham
School of Art. A popular fantasy artist,
Josephine Wall , was born
and educated in the town.
Since Roman times the wealden clay of the area has been exploited for
pottery and brickmaking. Pottery continued on a small-scale commercial
basis until the closure of
Farnham Pottery at
Wrecclesham in 1998,
when it passed to the
Farnham Buildings Preservation Trust. Farnham
Pottery, in addition to utility wares, became famous during the Arts
and crafts movement for their decorative wares, either hand-thrown or
moulded and decorated in a variety of coloured glazes, particularly
Farnham Greenware". There was close co-operation between the pottery
Farnham School of Art (now a campus of University for the Creative
The Castle Theatre in Castle Street was replaced by the Redgrave
Theatre in 1974 which, itself, closed down in 1998 due to the decline
of repertory theatre in England. In 1998 'The New
Company', now renamed
Farnham Rep, was formed to carry on the
tradition of repertory theatre in the town. The
Association campaigns for a theatre in Farnham, either in the form of
a restored Redgrave Theatre or a new building.
The Maltings creative arts centre on the
River Wey and Bridge
Productions still regularly take place at the Maltings, which
produces work and receives touring shows. Productions are occasionally
held in the grounds of
Farnham Library. Various genres of music are
promoted at the Maltings, where there is a dance studio. The Maltings
is a creative arts centre, catering for all ages, with workshops,
clubs, groups and sessions involved in craft, theatre, music and
Rock Choir , amongst others.
Actors And Actresses
Gerald Flood , stage, TV and film actor, lived in
Farnham for most of
his life; Peter Lupino , a well-known West End actor of the 1930s and
40s, and member of the famous theatrical family, also lived for many
years in Farnham, in Red Lion Lane and was a well-known local
character in his retirement. Actor
Bill Maynard , the Carry On and
Heartbeat actor, was born in the town, as was
Bill Wallis , who
learned his trade on the stage of the Castle Theatre.
Opera singer Sir
Peter Pears (1910–1986) was born in
Jessie Matthews ,
OBE (1907–1981), the actress, dancer, and singer of the 1930s to
1960s, lived in Farnham.
The New Ashgate Gallery
The New Ashgate Gallery is a non-profit, educational charity based in
Farnham. It specialises in contemporary art and craft , organising a
programme of exhibitions and projects with artists and makers.
Established in 1959, the gallery is the longest running craft space in
England and was the first provincial gallery to showcase
both local and international artists. Architect Paul Archer designed
a quarter-million pound redevelopment for the Gallery that was
finished in 2004. The gallery organises established platforms to
present new work through exhibitions projects such as the Surrey
Artist of the Year competition, organised with the
Studios, the Hothouse, an early career maker support programme with
the Crafts Council, and the annual, open call Rising Stars touring
exhibition that provides information, guidance, networking and
exhibition opportunities to emerging and graduating artists from the
UK and internationally.
It was in
J.M. Barrie wrote
Peter Pan , whilst living at
Black Lake Cottage.
Farnham has a broad mix of state , religious and independent schools.
There are eight infant schools, nine primary/junior schools, three
secondary schools and two schools for pupils with special educational
needs. There are also four independent schools in the
Farnham College (part of
Guildford College ) provides further
University for the Creative Arts
University for the Creative Arts at Canterbury, Epsom,
Farnham, Maidstone and Rochester or UCA (a merger of the local Surrey
Institute of Art & Design, University College and Kent Institute of
Art "> Cricket is played in the ground north of
There are various sporting facilities in
Farnham of which the local
leisure centre is one. The centre is run by DC Leisure on behalf of
Waverley borough council. The leisure centre was built in 1981 with a
swimming pool and training pool, gym and main hall for team sports.
The entire centre was refurbished in 2010, during which the swimming
pool was lengthened by four centimetres to exactly 25 metres to allow
galas to be held.
The town is represented in the non-league football pyramid by Farnham
Town F.C. , who compete in the premier division of the Combined
Counties League . There is a second football club,
Farnham United FC
which has several youth teams as well one adult team,
Farnham Cricket Club was established in 1782, originally playing in
Holt Pound . The current ground is at the edge of
Farnham Park near
the former moat of the castle.
Farnham RUFC is based in Wilkinson Way.
Farnham Archers have a ground
Aldershot hockey club runs six senior men's teams,
four senior women's teams who play in the South,
Hampshire and Surrey
Floorball hockey is regularly played by the adult team
Southern Vipers FBC.
Farnham has a public golf course which is next to the cricket ground
Farnham Castle . It was designed by Sir Henry Cotton .
It is a nine-hole, par-three golf course.
A horse named
Farnham took part in the
1850 Grand National but was
largely unregarded by the public and finished outside the first four.
Carlin Motorsport are based in the town.
DEMOGRAPHY AND HOUSING
In 1901, the population of
Farnham was about 14,000. Since the end of
the Second World War ,
Farnham has expanded from a population of about
20,000 to 39,488; about 16,500 people live in the town centre (as
distinct from the town centre conservation area ), while the remaining
inhabitants live in the suburbs and villages within the town's
2011 CENSUS HOMES
FLATS AND APARTMENTS
SHARED BETWEEN HOUSEHOLDS
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached
houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
2011 CENSUS KEY STATISTICS
% OWNED OUTRIGHT
% OWNED WITH A LOAN
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home
outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who
owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of
32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a
negligible % of households living rent-free).
Farnham is represented by councillors at a county, district and town
Farnham is represented at
Surrey County Council by three
councillors from three county council wards:
Farnham Central, Farnham
Farnham South. As of the 2009 election, all three sitting
county councillors are members of the Conservative party .
As the town with the largest population in Waverley ,
nine wards and is represented by eighteen councillors at Waverley
borough council. As of the 2011 election, all eighteen of the sitting
borough councillors represent the Conservative party.
Farnham Town Council is composed of 18 councillors. Of these, 10 are
Conservatives, 6 are
Farnham Residents (party), 1 is Independent, and
1 represents the Liberal Democrats . The current Member of Parliament
is Jeremy Hunt (Conservative).
Farnham Herald is the only newspaper exclusively for Farnham;
Tindle Newspaper Group . It was established by E.W.
Langham in 1892 and bought by the Tindle newspaper group in 1967.
Farnham is also covered by Ash &
Farnham News & Mail, which is
Trinity Mirror .
The local TV stations are
BBC South &
ITV Meridian , received from
the Hannington & Midhurst transmitters.
London & ITV
received, from the Crystal
Farnham is covered on
BBC radio by
Surrey (which covers
Surrey "> John Henry Knight
with his car
In addition to those mentioned in the text above, notable people born
William Willett , campaigner for daylight saving
George Sturt , writer and social historian (1863); and
Maud Gonne , feminist and activist in Irish politics (1866). The
prominent missionary to Canada John West (1778-1845) was born in
Anthony Faramus , actor, author, hunt saboteur and concentration camp
survivor lived in the town.
John Henry Knight (1847–1917), who built the first British motor
car and designed a number of innovative digging machines for use in
hop fields, was born and brought up at Weybourne on the outskirts of
Jim Sturgess was raised in
Cricketer "Silver Billy" Beldham (1766-1862) was born on the
outskirts of town, in
Wrecclesham . He played in
Club's first match, against
Odiham , when he was 16 years old. Graham
England cricket captain, was born in
Farnham and played
Farnham cricket ground.
Mike Hawthorn (1929-1959), driving for
Ferrari , became the first
Formula One World Champion in 1958. His family moved to
Farnham when he was two years old, so his father could be near to
Brooklands race track.
Jonny Wilkinson (1979-) England's world-cup-winning kicker and former
captain was born in
Frimley and grew up in Farnham. Jonny, alongside
England scrum half Peter Richards (1978-) who was not born in Farnham,
Farnham Rugby Football Club at mini level.
Joel Freeland (born 1987), international basketball player and NBA
player for the
Portland Trail Blazers
Portland Trail Blazers , was born, and grew up, in
List of places of worship in Waverley (borough)
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