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FARNHAM is a town in Surrey
Surrey
, England
England
, within the Borough of Waverley . The town is 34.5 miles (55.5 km) WSW of London
London
in the extreme west of Surrey, adjacent to the border with Hampshire
Hampshire
. By road Guildford
Guildford
is 11 miles (17 km) to the east and Winchester
Winchester
a further 28 miles (45 km) along the same axis as London. Farnham
Farnham
is the largest town in Waverley, and one of the five largest conurbations in Surrey. It is of historic interest, with many old buildings, including a number of Georgian houses. Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle
overlooks the town. A short distance southeast of the town centre are the ruins of Waverley Abbey
Abbey
, Moor Park House and Mother Ludlam\'s Cave . Farnham
Farnham
is twinned with Andernach
Andernach
in Germany
Germany
. It is drained by the River Wey
River Wey
(North Branch) which is navigable only to canoes at this point.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography
Geography

* 1.1 Climate

* 2 History
History

* 2.1 Prehistory

* 2.1.1 Stone Age
Stone Age
* 2.1.2 Bronze Age
Bronze Age
* 2.1.3 Iron Age
Iron Age

* 2.2 Roman Britain
Roman Britain

* 2.3 The Anglo-Saxon period

* 2.3.1 The Hundred of Farnham
Farnham

* 2.4 After the Norman invasion * 2.5 The Civil War * 2.6 Post-restoration

* 3 Transport

* 3.1 Rail * 3.2 Roads * 3.3 Buses * 3.4 Air * 3.5 Recreational routes

* 4 Economy

* 5 Public services

* 5.1 Public library * 5.2 Museum of Farnham
Farnham
* 5.3 Leisure and recreation * 5.4 Hospital

* 6 Tourism

* 7 Culture

* 7.1 Entertainment

* 7.2 The arts

* 7.2.1 The Maltings * 7.2.2 Actors and actresses * 7.2.3 The New Ashgate Gallery * 7.2.4 Peter Pan
Peter Pan

* 8 Education * 9 Sport * 10 Demography and housing * 11 Politics * 12 Media

* 13 Notable people

* 13.1 Notable sportspeople

* 14 See also * 15 References * 16 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Farnham's history and present status are mainly the result of its geography ; a combination of river, streams, fresh water springs and varied soils, together with a temperate climate, was attractive in prehistoric times. The geology of the area continues to influence the town, both in terms of communications, scenic and botanic variety and the main local industries of agriculture and minerals extraction. Farnham
Farnham
Geological Society is an active organisation in the town, and the Museum of Farnham
Farnham
has a collection of geological samples and fossils.

Farnham
Farnham
lies in the valley of the North Branch of the River Wey
River Wey
, which rises near Alton , merges with the South Branch at Tilford
Tilford
, and joins the River Thames
River Thames
at Weybridge
Weybridge
. The mainly east-west alignment of the ridges and valleys has influenced the development of road and rail communications. The most prominent geological feature is the chalk of the North Downs
North Downs
which forms a ridge (the Hog\'s Back ) to the east of the town, and continues through Farnham
Farnham
Park to the north of the town centre, and westwards to form the Hampshire
Hampshire
Downs . The land rises to more than 180 metres (591 ft) above sea level (ASL) to the north of the town at Caesar's Camp which, with the northern part of the Park, lies on gravel beds. There are a number of swallow holes in the Park where this stratum meets the chalk. The historic core of the town lies on gravel beds at an altitude of roughly 70 metres (230 ft) ASL on an underlying geology of Gault Clay
Gault Clay
and Upper Greensand
Upper Greensand
and the southern part of the town rises to more than 100 metres (328 ft) on the Lower Greensand .

CLIMATE

Farnham
Farnham
has a temperate maritime climate, free from extreme temperatures, with moderate rainfall and often breezy conditions. The nearest official weather station to Farnham
Farnham
is Alice Holt Lodge, just under 3.5 miles south west of the town centre.

The highest temperature recorded was 35.4C (95.7F), in July 2006. In an 'average' year, the warmest day would reach 29.1C (84.4F), with 15.2 days attaining a temperature of 25.1C (77.2F) or higher.

The lowest temperature recorded was -14.0C (7.0F) in February 1986. On average, 58.6 nights of the year will register an air frost.

Annual rainfall averages 799mm, with at least 1mm of rain reported on 122.4 days. All averages refer to the 1971–2000 observation period.

CLIMATE DATA FOR ALICE HOLT LODGE, ELEVATION 115M, 1971–2000, EXTREMES 1960-

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 15.0 (59) 17.0 (62.6) 21.1 (70) 25.8 (78.4) 27.6 (81.7) 34.2 (93.6) 35.4 (95.7) 35.1 (95.2) 28.9 (84) 24.0 (75.2) 18.1 (64.6) 14.7 (58.5) 35.4 (95.7)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 7.2 (45) 10.0 (50) 12.5 (54.5) 16.5 (61.7) 19.2 (66.6) 21.8 (71.2) 21.6 (70.9) 18.3 (64.9) 14.2 (57.6) 9.9 (49.8) 7.7 (45.9) 13.82 (56.88)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 0.8 (33.4) 0.6 (33.1) 2.1 (35.8) 3.2 (37.8) 6.1 (43) 9.0 (48.2) 11.2 (52.2) 10.9 (51.6) 8.8 (47.8) 6.1 (43) 3.0 (37.4) 1.8 (35.2) 5.3 (41.54)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −13.6 (7.5) −14 (7) −10.6 (12.9) −6 (21) −3.3 (26.1) 0.5 (32.9) 3.5 (38.3) 3.1 (37.6) −0.8 (30.6) −6.0 (21.2) −7.6 (18.3) −12.9 (8.8) −14 (7)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 85.98 (3.385) 58.21 (2.2917) 62.65 (2.4665) 53.84 (2.1197) 53.99 (2.1256) 53.42 (2.1031) 46.85 (1.8445) 53.34 (2.1) 68.96 (2.715) 88.89 (3.4996) 80.62 (3.174) 91.22 (3.5913) 798.86 (31.4512)

Source #1: YR.NO

Source #2: https://blog.metoffice.gov.uk/2015/08/03/record-hot-to-record-cold-in-a-july-of-extremes/

HISTORY

PREHISTORY

Stone Age

Farnham's history has been claimed to extend back tens of thousands of years to hunters of the Paleolithic
Paleolithic
or early Stone Age
Stone Age
, on the basis of tools and prehistoric animal bones found together in deep gravel pits. The first known settlement in the area was in the Mesolithic
Mesolithic
period, some 7,000 years ago; a cluster of pit dwellings and evidence of a flint-knapping industry from that period has been excavated a short distance to the east of the town. There is a Neolithic
Neolithic
long barrow at nearby Badshot Lea , now destroyed by quarrying. This monument lay on the route of the prehistoric trackway known as the Harrow Way or Harroway, which passes through Farnham Park, and a sarsen stone still stands nearby, which is believed to have marked the safe crossing point of a marshy area near the present Shepherd and Flock roundabout. The parallel Pilgrims\' Way , known as such for linking Canterbury
Canterbury
to Winchester
Winchester
, also dates back to prehistory and, like the Harrow Way, may date back to the time when Britain was physically joined to continental Europe
Europe
.

Bronze Age

Occupation of the area continued to grow through the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
. Two bronze hoards have been discovered on Crooksbury Hill, and further artefacts have been found, particularly at sites in Green Lane and near the Bourne spring in Farnham
Farnham
Park. A significant number of Bronze Age barrows occur in the area, including a triple barrow at Elstead and an urnfield cemetery at Stoneyfield, near the Tilford
Tilford
road.

Iron Age

Hill forts from the early Iron Age
Iron Age
have been identified locally at Botany Hill to the south of the town, and at Caesar\'s Camp to the north. The latter is a very large earthwork on a high promontory, served by a spring which emerges from between two conglomerate boulders called the Jock and Jenny Stones. "Soldier's Ring" earthworks on Crooksbury Hill date from the later Iron Age. The final era of the Iron Age, during the 1st century AD , found Farnham
Farnham
within the territory of the Belgic
Belgic
Atrebates
Atrebates
tribe led by Commius
Commius
, a former ally of Caesar , who had brought his tribe to Britain following a dispute with the Romans. A hut dating from this period was discovered at the Bourne Spring and other occupation material has been discovered at various sites, particularly Green Lane.

ROMAN BRITAIN

During the Roman period the district became a pottery centre due to the plentiful supply of gault clay , oak woodlands for fuel, and good communications via the Harrow Way and the nearby Roman road from Silchester
Silchester
to Chichester
Chichester
. Kilns dating from about AD 100 have been found throughout the area, including Six Bells (near the Bourne Spring), Snailslynch and Mavins Road, but the main centre of pottery had been Alice Holt Forest
Alice Holt Forest
, on the edge of the town, since about AD 50, just 7 years after the arrival of the Romans. The Alice Holt potteries continued in use, making mainly domestic wares, until about AD 400. Near the Bourne Spring two Roman buildings were discovered; one was a bath-house dating from about AD 270 and the other a house of later date. The Roman Way housing estate stands on this site. William Stukeley propounded that Farnham
Farnham
is the site of the lost Roman settlement of "Vindomis ", although this is now believed to be at Neatham , near Alton . Large hoards of Roman coins have been discovered some 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Farnham
Farnham
in Woolmer Forest and a temple has been excavated at Wanborough , about 8 miles (13 km) to the east.

THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD

It was the Saxons who gave the town its name— Farnham
Farnham
is listed as Fearnhamme in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
. Fearn refers to the fern and bracken of the land and Hamme to the water meadows. They arrived in the sixth century and, in AD 688, the West Saxon King Caedwalla donated the district around Farnham
Farnham
to the Church, and to the diocese of Winchester
Winchester
. This was the first mention of Farnham
Farnham
in written history. A Saxon community grew up in the valley by the river. By the year 803 Farnham
Farnham
had passed into the ownership of the Bishop of Winchester
Winchester
and the Manor of Farnham
Farnham
remained so (apart from two short breaks) for the next thousand years. Although Farnham
Farnham
is documented in Saxon texts and most of the local names are derived from their language, there is only one fully attested Saxon site in Farnham, just off the lower part of Firgrove Hill, where a road called Saxon Croft is now sited. Here several Saxon weaving huts from about AD 550 were discovered in 1924. At the time of the Danish invasion in the 9th century (probably in 893 or 894) there was a battle on the edge of the settlement when Edward the Elder
Edward the Elder
, son of Alfred the Great
Alfred the Great
, routed the invaders.

The Hundred Of Farnham

A hundred (county subdivision) was an area that had a general overlord of its lords of the manor, entitled to charge certain rents to certain intermediate lords . Parishes within Farnham
Farnham
hundred were: Frensham
Frensham
(including tything Pitfold with Churt ) (partly in the hundred of Alton) Elstead , the liberty of Dockenfield, the liberty of Waverley , Seal (now Seale) the tythings of Badshot , Runfold , Culverlands, Tilford
Tilford
with Culverlands, Farnham, Runwick, Wrecklesham (now Wrecclesham ), and Bourne .

In the 14th century, Farnham
Farnham
hundred was owned by the Bishop of Winchester
Winchester
and was one of the wealthiest on the bishop's rolls.

See also, in this context:

* Medieval Surrey
Surrey
* Surrey
Surrey
hundreds

AFTER THE NORMAN INVASION

Farnham
Farnham
appears in Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086 as Ferneham, one of the five great "minster " churches in Surrey. Its Domesday assets were: 40 hides ; 1 church, 6 mills worth £2 6s 0d, 43 ploughs , 35 acres (140,000 m2) of meadow , woodland worth 175½ hogs . It rendered £53.

Waverley Abbey, the first Cistercian
Cistercian
abbey in England
England
, was founded in 1128 by William Giffard , Bishop of Winchester
Winchester
about one mile (1.6 km) south of the town centre. King John visited Waverley in 1208, and Henry III in 1225. The abbey produced the famous Annals of Waverley, an important reference source for the period. By the end of the thirteenth century the abbey was becoming less important. By the time it was suppressed by Henry VIII in 1536 as part of the dissolution of the monasteries there were only thirteen monks in the community. The entrance to Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle

The town is midway between Winchester
Winchester
and London
London
and, in 1138, Henry de Blois (grandson of William the Conqueror
William the Conqueror
and brother of King Stephen ) started building Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle
to provide accommodation for the Bishop of Winchester
Winchester
in his frequent journeying between his cathedral and the capital. The castle's garrison provided a market for farms and small industries in the town, accelerating its growth. A large earthwork north-west of the town at Barley (or Badley) Pound may be the ditch and ramparts of a wooden precursor of Farnham
Farnham
Castle built in the 11th century.

Farnham
Farnham
was granted its charter as a town in 1249 by William de Ralegh , then Bishop of Winchester
Winchester
.

The Blind Bishop's Steps, a series of steps leading along Castle Street up to the Castle, were originally constructed for Bishop Richard Foxe
Richard Foxe
(godfather of Henry VIII ).

The Black Death
Black Death
hit Farnham
Farnham
in 1348, killing about 1,300 people, at that time about a third of the population. In 1625 Farnham
Farnham
was again subject to an outbreak of the plague which, together with a severe decline in the local woollen industry (the local downland wool being unsuitable for the newly fashionable worsted ) led by the 1640s to a serious economic depression in the area. Local wool merchants were, like merchants throughout the country, heavily taxed by Charles I to pay for his increasingly unpopular policies.

THE CIVIL WAR

Against this background the English Civil War
English Civil War
began, with Farnham playing a major part. Here, support for the Parliamentarians was general. The castle was considered a potential rallying point for Royalists , resulting in the installation of a Roundhead garrison there in 1642. As the King's forces moved southwards, taking Oxford
Oxford
, Reading and Windsor , the garrison commander at Farnham
Farnham
(and noted poet), Captain George Wither
George Wither
, decided to evacuate the castle; the new High Sheriff of Surrey
Surrey
(John Denham , a Royalist sympathiser and another noted poet) then occupied the vacant castle with 100 armed supporters. With the castle and much of the surrounding area in Royalist hands, Parliament despatched Colonel Sir William Waller
William Waller
to Farnham
Farnham
to retake the castle. The defenders refused to surrender but Waller's men used a petard to destroy the castle gates and overcame them, with only one fatality, and took the High Sheriff prisoner.

The following year, as the Royalists strengthened their position west of Farnham, the garrison at Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle
was strengthened when it became the headquarters of the Farnham
Farnham
regiment of foot or "Greencoats ", with some eight to nine hundred officers and men, supported by a number of troops of horse. Further reinforcement by three regiments from London, 4,000 strong under Waller's command arrived in Farnham that October prior to an unsuccessful foray to recapture Winchester from the Royalists. Eight thousand Royalists under Ralph Hopton (a former friend of Waller) advanced on Farnham
Farnham
from the west and skirmishes took place on the outskirts of town. Despite further reinforcement for Waller from Kent, Hopton's entire army gathered on the heathland just outside Farnham
Farnham
Park. There was some skirmishing but Hopton's men withdrew. Through the next few years Farnham
Farnham
was an important centre of Parliamentary operations and the garrison cost Farnham
Farnham
people dearly in terms of local taxes, provisioning and quartering; even the lead from the Town Hall roof had been requisitioned to make bullets. A number of local women were widowed following the pressing of local men into the militia. The bombardment of Basing House
Basing House
was by a train of heavy cannon assembled at Farnham from other areas and, in 1646, most of the garrison was removed from Farnham
Farnham
to form a brigade to besiege Donnington Castle
Donnington Castle
near Newbury . The King surrendered shortly afterwards at Newark and a small garrison remained at Farnham.

In 1647, having escaped from custody at Hampton Court
Hampton Court
, the King rode through Farnham
Farnham
at dawn on 12 November with a small party of loyal officers, en route to the Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
, where he sought sanctuary under the protection of Colonel Robert Hammond , a Parliamentarian officer but with Royalist sympathies. The following March, Oliver Cromwell stayed at Farnham
Farnham
for discussions concerning the marriage of his daughter to a Hampshire
Hampshire
gentleman, although some historians have speculated that this was cover for secret negotiations with the King.

Following the rebellion during the summer of 1648 the keep was partially dismantled at the orders of Cromwell, to make further occupation by garrison indefensible. In late November that year Hammond was summoned to Farnham, where he was arrested and the King was removed under military escort to the mainland. On 20 December the King and his escort entered Farnham, where groups of men, women and children gathered at the roadside to welcome him and touch his hand. That night the King lodged at Culver Hall (now Vernon House) in West Street before the party continued to London
London
for Charles's trial and execution in January 1649. The King gave his night cap to Henry Vernon, owner of Culver Hall, "as a token of Royal favour". Records show that the following period of interregnum until restoration of the monarchy in 1660 was a time of prosperity and growth for Farnham. In 1660 the bishops of Winchester
Winchester
were restored to the adjoining Bishops Palace, which remained their residence until 1927. From 1927 until 1955 it was a residence of the bishops of the newly created diocese of Guildford
Guildford
. The castle is currently owned by English Heritage
English Heritage
.

POST-RESTORATION

Farnham
Farnham
became a successful market town; the author Daniel Defoe wrote that Farnham
Farnham
had the greatest corn-market after London, and describes 1,100 fully laden wagons delivering wheat to the town on market day. During the seventeenth century, other new industries evolved: greenware pottery (a pottery, dating from 1873, still exists on the outskirts of the town), wool and cloth , the processing of wheat into flour, and eventually hops , a key ingredient of beer . The Anglican divine
Anglican divine
, Augustus Montague Toplady , composer of the hymn Rock of Ages (1763, at Blagston) was born in Farnham
Farnham
in 1740 - a plaque now marks the building on West Street where he was born. Stella Cottage is a 17th-century cottage, now a listed building, located at Camp Hill. William Cobbett
William Cobbett
's birthplace

The radical MP, soldier, farmer, journalist and publisher William Cobbett was born in Farnham
Farnham
in 1763, in a pub called the Jolly Farmer. The pub still stands, and has since been renamed the William Cobbett.

The London
London
and South Western Railway arrived in 1848 and, in 1854, neighbouring Aldershot
Aldershot
became the "Home of the British Army". Both events had a significant effect on Farnham. The fast link with London meant city businessmen could think of having a house in the country and still be in close contact with the office; Farnham
Farnham
thereby became an early example of a 'commuter town'. Also, the railway did not reach Aldershot
Aldershot
until 1870; during the intervening period soldiers would be carried by train to Farnham
Farnham
station and then march to Aldershot. Many officers and their families chose to billet in Farnham
Farnham
itself. The railway was electrified by the Southern Railway company in 1937 as far as Alton, and a carriage shed for the new electric stock was built in Weydon Lane. This building, which carried fading camouflage paint for many years after World War II, was replaced in 2006. St Andrew\'s Parish Church seen here from the junction of Middle Church Lane and Vicarage Lane Farnham
Farnham

In 1895 Farnham
Farnham
Urban District Council (FUDC) was formed. In 1930 the council purchased Farnham
Farnham
Park, a large park occupying much of the former castle grounds. That same year, St Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
Church was built on Waverley Lane, it was dedicated to St Joan of Arc
Joan of Arc
because Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle
was a residence of Cardinal Henry Beaufort
Henry Beaufort
who presided over the saint's trial. The FUDC was abolished in 1973 by the Local Government Act of the previous year. Farnham, together with Hindhead, Haslemere, Cranleigh and surrounding areas were absorbed into the new Waverley District Council (latterly Waverley Borough Council) with its headquarters in Godalming. In 1984 Farnham
Farnham
Parish Council became Farnham
Farnham
Town Council, taking on some of the minor roles of the former FUDC from Waverley.

Farnham Maltings
Farnham Maltings
, Bridge Square was once a tannery; the site expanded to become part of the Farnham
Farnham
United Breweries, which included its own maltings. Taken over by a major brewer (Courage ) brewing ceased but malting continued into the 1960s, when Courage planned to sell off the site for redevelopment. The people of Farnham raised enough money to buy the building so that it could be converted into a community centre for the town. Other buildings in Farnham
Farnham
once linked to the Farnham Maltings
Farnham Maltings
include The Oasthouse (now offices) in Mead Lane and The Hop Kiln (now private residences) on Weydon Lane.

TRANSPORT

RAIL

Front of Farnham railway station

Farnham railway station is served by South West Trains
South West Trains
services between Alton and Waterloo . South West Trains
South West Trains
also manage the station. Services to Guildford
Guildford
are facilitated by a line running in that direction. The Alton Line becomes a single track between Farnham and Alton station . The station formerly served as the terminus for the Tongham railway until passenger services ceased in July 1937.

ROADS

The A31 Farnham
Farnham
bypass links the town by road to Winchester
Winchester
, Alton and Guildford
Guildford
; the A325 links the town to Farnborough and to the A3 (London-Portsmouth) at Greatham . The A287 links Farnham
Farnham
to the M3 at Hook and the A3 at Hindhead
Hindhead
.

BUSES

Farnham
Farnham
is served by several bus routes, the majority of bus services originate from Aldershot
Aldershot
bus station and are run by Stagecoach . The Waverley Hoppa service run a scheduled journey from Farnham
Farnham
Station as well as demand-responsive travel within the area.

AIR

The nearest airport for business passengers is Farnborough Airport
Farnborough Airport
. The nearest major airport is London
London
Heathrow Airport which is 31 miles (50 km) by road. Gatwick Airport and Southampton Airport
Southampton Airport
are each about 43 miles (69 km) away by main roads.

RECREATIONAL ROUTES

Farnham
Farnham
is the western starting point of the North Downs
North Downs
Way National Trail , which is predominantly footpath. The Pilgrims Way which follows long sections of the North Downs
North Downs
Way traditionally runs from Winchester
Winchester
to Canterbury. The footpath known as St. Swithun\'s Way has created a more pleasant route to Winchester
Winchester
than the modern road network which constitutes a lot of the Pilgrims Way. The southern suburb of Rowledge
Rowledge
lies adjacent to the north western fringes of the South Downs National Park
South Downs National Park
.

National Cycle Route 22 passes through Farnham, connecting it to Guildford, East Surrey
Surrey
, Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
and the New Forest
New Forest
.

ECONOMY

Castle Street

Farnham
Farnham
is a market town with many shops located along the main thoroughfare running through West Street, The Borough and East Street. The town has a significant number of independent retailers, some of which have been in business since the nineteenth century, such as Rangers Furnishing Stores (est. 1895), Elphicks department store (est. 1881) and Pullingers (est. 1850). The latter evolved into the Pullingers Art Shop chain and is thought to be Farnham's oldest surviving business. There are also branches of national retailers such as Argos , Robert Dyas , Boots , Poundland
Poundland
, Waterstone\'s and W H Smith . The major supermarkets are represented by Waitrose
Waitrose
, Sainsbury\'s and Lidl
Lidl
in the town centre, and two Tesco
Tesco
Express stores and a Co-operative Food out of town. Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
also have a larger Superstore on the outskirts of town towards Badshot Lea . There is a large Jewson (Timber and Builders Merchants) in the same area. Large garden centres exist nearby at Holt Pound , Frensham
Frensham
and Badshot Lea.

Castle Street's market stalls have been replaced by semi-permanent "orangery " style buildings. Once a month a farmers\' market is held in the central car park where produce from farms in Farnham
Farnham
and the surrounding area is sold. The Farnham Maltings
Farnham Maltings
hosts a monthly market selling arts, crafts, antiques and bric-a-brac with specialist fairs and festivals held there on a less regular basis.

PUBLIC SERVICES

PUBLIC LIBRARY

Refurbished in November 2005, Farnham
Farnham
Library is a community lending library service run by Surrey
Surrey
County Council . It includes a children's section and is the only library in Surrey
Surrey
to have a dedicated section for young adults. The library is housed in the historic Vernon House at which King Charles I slept on his way to his trial and execution in London
London
in 1649, commemorated by a plaque on the building wall. The library features public gardens with sculptures provided by local artists and UCA students.

MUSEUM OF FARNHAM

The town Museum is located at Willmer House, an eighteenth-century town house with a decorative brickwork façade in West Street. It houses an extensive collection of artefacts spanning several periods of the town's history and prehistory.

The museum was founded in 1961 to provide the Farnham
Farnham
community with a collection dedicated to the history of the local area in an elegant Grade I listed Georgian townhouse which still retains many original features, including a walled garden. The displays include items from a large and eclectic collection; from archaeological artefacts to nationally important artworks by local artists and an extensive costume collection. They hold three major exhibitions per year, from artistic collaborations to exhibitions designed for children. The museum has a Local Studies Library to support family tree and house detectives, school projects "> There is also a smaller Hale Carnival which takes place in the village of Hale in the North of Farnham. This is usually held on the first Saturday of July.

THE ARTS

William Herbert Allen , the notable English landscape watercolour artist, lived and worked in Farnham
Farnham
for most of his career. He was Master of Farnham
Farnham
Art School from 1889 to 1927 and many of his works depict landscapes of the Farnham
Farnham
area. Illustrator Pauline Baynes spent much of her childhood in Farnham
Farnham
and trained at the Farnham School of Art. A popular fantasy artist, Josephine Wall , was born and educated in the town.

Since Roman times the wealden clay of the area has been exploited for pottery and brickmaking. Pottery continued on a small-scale commercial basis until the closure of Farnham Pottery at Wrecclesham in 1998, when it passed to the Farnham
Farnham
Buildings Preservation Trust. Farnham Pottery, in addition to utility wares, became famous during the Arts and crafts movement for their decorative wares, either hand-thrown or moulded and decorated in a variety of coloured glazes, particularly " Farnham
Farnham
Greenware". There was close co-operation between the pottery and Farnham School of Art (now a campus of University for the Creative Arts ).

The Castle Theatre in Castle Street was replaced by the Redgrave Theatre in 1974 which, itself, closed down in 1998 due to the decline of repertory theatre in England. In 1998 'The New Farnham
Farnham
Repertory Company', now renamed Farnham
Farnham
Rep, was formed to carry on the tradition of repertory theatre in the town. The Farnham
Farnham
Theatre Association campaigns for a theatre in Farnham, either in the form of a restored Redgrave Theatre or a new building.

The Maltings

The Maltings creative arts centre on the River Wey
River Wey
and Bridge Square, Farnham
Farnham

Productions still regularly take place at the Maltings, which produces work and receives touring shows. Productions are occasionally held in the grounds of Farnham
Farnham
Library. Various genres of music are promoted at the Maltings, where there is a dance studio. The Maltings is a creative arts centre, catering for all ages, with workshops, clubs, groups and sessions involved in craft, theatre, music and writing, including Rock Choir , amongst others.

Actors And Actresses

Gerald Flood , stage, TV and film actor, lived in Farnham
Farnham
for most of his life; Peter Lupino , a well-known West End actor of the 1930s and 40s, and member of the famous theatrical family, also lived for many years in Farnham, in Red Lion Lane and was a well-known local character in his retirement. Actor Bill Maynard , the Carry On and Heartbeat actor, was born in the town, as was Bill Wallis
Bill Wallis
, who learned his trade on the stage of the Castle Theatre. Opera
Opera
singer Sir Peter Pears
Peter Pears
(1910–1986) was born in Farnham
Farnham
and Jessie Matthews
Jessie Matthews
, OBE (1907–1981), the actress, dancer, and singer of the 1930s to 1960s, lived in Farnham.

The New Ashgate Gallery

The New Ashgate Gallery is a non-profit, educational charity based in Farnham. It specialises in contemporary art and craft , organising a programme of exhibitions and projects with artists and makers. Established in 1959, the gallery is the longest running craft space in South of England
England
and was the first provincial gallery to showcase both local and international artists. Architect Paul Archer designed a quarter-million pound redevelopment for the Gallery that was finished in 2004. The gallery organises established platforms to present new work through exhibitions projects such as the Surrey Artist of the Year competition, organised with the Surrey
Surrey
Open Studios, the Hothouse, an early career maker support programme with the Crafts Council, and the annual, open call Rising Stars touring exhibition that provides information, guidance, networking and exhibition opportunities to emerging and graduating artists from the UK and internationally.

Peter Pan

It was in Farnham
Farnham
that J.M. Barrie
J.M. Barrie
wrote Peter Pan
Peter Pan
, whilst living at Black Lake Cottage.

EDUCATION

Farnham
Farnham
has a broad mix of state , religious and independent schools. There are eight infant schools, nine primary/junior schools, three secondary schools and two schools for pupils with special educational needs. There are also four independent schools in the Farnham
Farnham
area.

Farnham College (part of Guildford
Guildford
College ) provides further education. The University for the Creative Arts
University for the Creative Arts
at Canterbury, Epsom, Farnham, Maidstone and Rochester or UCA (a merger of the local Surrey Institute of Art & Design, University College and Kent Institute of Art "> Cricket is played in the ground north of Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle

There are various sporting facilities in Farnham
Farnham
of which the local leisure centre is one. The centre is run by DC Leisure on behalf of Waverley borough council. The leisure centre was built in 1981 with a swimming pool and training pool, gym and main hall for team sports. The entire centre was refurbished in 2010, during which the swimming pool was lengthened by four centimetres to exactly 25 metres to allow galas to be held.

The town is represented in the non-league football pyramid by Farnham Town F.C. , who compete in the premier division of the Combined Counties League . There is a second football club, Farnham
Farnham
United FC which has several youth teams as well one adult team, Farnham
Farnham
United.

Farnham
Farnham
Cricket Club was established in 1782, originally playing in Holt Pound . The current ground is at the edge of Farnham
Farnham
Park near the former moat of the castle.

Farnham
Farnham
RUFC is based in Wilkinson Way. Farnham
Farnham
Archers have a ground in Elstead .

The Farnham
Farnham
and Aldershot
Aldershot
hockey club runs six senior men's teams, four senior women's teams who play in the South, Hampshire
Hampshire
and Surrey leagues. Floorball
Floorball
hockey is regularly played by the adult team Southern Vipers FBC.

Farnham
Farnham
has a public golf course which is next to the cricket ground directly behind Farnham Castle
Farnham Castle
. It was designed by Sir Henry Cotton . It is a nine-hole, par-three golf course.

A horse named Farnham
Farnham
took part in the 1850 Grand National but was largely unregarded by the public and finished outside the first four.

Carlin Motorsport are based in the town.

DEMOGRAPHY AND HOUSING

In 1901, the population of Farnham
Farnham
was about 14,000. Since the end of the Second World War , Farnham
Farnham
has expanded from a population of about 20,000 to 39,488; about 16,500 people live in the town centre (as distinct from the town centre conservation area ), while the remaining inhabitants live in the suburbs and villages within the town's administrative boundaries.

2011 CENSUS HOMES OUTPUT AREA DETACHED SEMI-DETACHED TERRACED FLATS AND APARTMENTS CARAVANS/TEMPORARY/MOBILE HOMES SHARED BETWEEN HOUSEHOLDS

(Civil Parish) 6,689 4,299 2,568 2,467 20 7

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 CENSUS KEY STATISTICS OUTPUT AREA POPULATION HOUSEHOLDS % OWNED OUTRIGHT % OWNED WITH A LOAN HECTARES

(Civil Parish) 39,488 16,050 37.0% 37.6% 3,652

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

POLITICS

Farnham
Farnham
is represented by councillors at a county, district and town level. Farnham
Farnham
is represented at Surrey
Surrey
County Council by three councillors from three county council wards: Farnham
Farnham
Central, Farnham North and Farnham
Farnham
South. As of the 2009 election, all three sitting county councillors are members of the Conservative party .

As the town with the largest population in Waverley , Farnham
Farnham
has nine wards and is represented by eighteen councillors at Waverley borough council. As of the 2011 election, all eighteen of the sitting borough councillors represent the Conservative party.

Farnham
Farnham
Town Council is composed of 18 councillors. Of these, 10 are Conservatives, 6 are Farnham
Farnham
Residents (party), 1 is Independent, and 1 represents the Liberal Democrats . The current Member of Parliament is Jeremy Hunt (Conservative).

MEDIA

The Farnham
Farnham
Herald is the only newspaper exclusively for Farnham; published by Tindle Newspaper Group . It was established by E.W. Langham in 1892 and bought by the Tindle newspaper group in 1967. Farnham
Farnham
is also covered by Ash & Farnham
Farnham
News & Mail, which is published by Trinity Mirror
Trinity Mirror
.

The local TV stations are BBC South
BBC South
& ITV Meridian
ITV Meridian
, received from the Hannington & Midhurst transmitters. BBC
BBC
London
London
& ITV London
London
are received, from the Crystal Palace
Palace
transmitter. Farnham
Farnham
is covered on BBC
BBC
radio by BBC
BBC
Surrey
Surrey
(which covers Surrey
Surrey
"> John Henry Knight with his car

In addition to those mentioned in the text above, notable people born in Farnham
Farnham
include William Willett
William Willett
, campaigner for daylight saving time (1856); George Sturt , writer and social historian (1863); and Maud Gonne
Maud Gonne
, feminist and activist in Irish politics (1866). The prominent missionary to Canada John West (1778-1845) was born in Farnham.

Anthony Faramus , actor, author, hunt saboteur and concentration camp survivor lived in the town.

John Henry Knight (1847–1917), who built the first British motor car and designed a number of innovative digging machines for use in hop fields, was born and brought up at Weybourne on the outskirts of the town.

Actor Jim Sturgess
Jim Sturgess
was raised in Farnham
Farnham
(1981).

NOTABLE SPORTSPEOPLE

Cricketer "Silver Billy" Beldham (1766-1862) was born on the outskirts of town, in Wrecclesham . He played in Farnham
Farnham
Cricket Club's first match, against Odiham
Odiham
, when he was 16 years old. Graham Thorpe (1969-) England
England
cricket captain, was born in Farnham
Farnham
and played at the Farnham
Farnham
cricket ground.

Mike Hawthorn (1929-1959), driving for Ferrari
Ferrari
, became the first British Formula One
Formula One
World Champion in 1958. His family moved to Farnham
Farnham
when he was two years old, so his father could be near to Brooklands
Brooklands
race track.

Jonny Wilkinson
Jonny Wilkinson
(1979-) England's world-cup-winning kicker and former captain was born in Frimley and grew up in Farnham. Jonny, alongside England
England
scrum half Peter Richards (1978-) who was not born in Farnham, played for Farnham
Farnham
Rugby Football Club at mini level.

Joel Freeland (born 1987), international basketball player and NBA player for the Portland Trail Blazers
Portland Trail Blazers
, was born, and grew up, in Farnham.

SEE ALSO

* List of places of worship in Waverley (borough)

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