Fürth (German pronunciation: [fʏʁt] ( listen); East
Franconian: Färdd; Yiddish: פיורדא, Fiurda) is a city in
northern Bavaria, Germany, in the administrative division
(Regierungsbezirk) of Middle Franconia. It is now contiguous with
the larger city of Nuremberg, the centres of the two cities being only
7 km apart.
Fürth is one of 23 "major centres" in Bavaria. Fürth, Nuremberg,
Erlangen and some smaller towns form the "Middle Franconian
Conurbation", which is one of the 11 German metropolitan regions.
Fürth celebrated its thousandth anniversary in 2007, its first
mention being on 1 November 1007.
1.1 Neighbouring municipalities
1.2 Parts of town
2.2 Population development
5.1 Coat of arms
6 International relations
7 Economy and infrastructure
7.1.3 Water transport
7.1.4 Local public transport
7.3 Companies in Fürth
7.5 Municipal amenities
8 Culture and sights
8.2 Pubs, restaurants, shopping etc.
9.4 Secular buildings
9.6 Regular events
9.7 Prizes awarded by the town of Fürth
10 Sport and leisure
11 Notable people associated with Fürth
14 Further reading
15 Literature (in German)
16 Literature (in English)
17 External links
City Hall, seen from the Schwabacher Straße
The historic centre of the town is to the east and south of the rivers
Rednitz and Pegnitz, which join to form the
Regnitz to the northwest
of the Old Town. To the west of the town, on the far side of the
Main-Danube Canal, is the
Fürth municipal forest (Fürther
Stadtwald). To the east of Fürth, at roughly the same latitude, lies
Nuremberg, and to the north is the fertile market-gardening area known
as the Knoblauchsland (garlic country), some of which is within the
borders of the urban district of Fürth. To the south of the town is
an area consisting of wide roads, the canal, and meadows.
The following towns and municipalities share borders with Fürth; they
are listed in clockwise order, starting in the north:
Erlangen and Nuremberg, which are independent urban districts; Stein,
Oberasbach, Zirndorf, Cadolzburg, Seukendorf, Veitsbronn, and
Obermichelbach, which are municipalities within the rural district
(Landkreis) of Fürth.
Parts of town
Beyond the town proper, the urban district comprises another 20
Braunsbach bei Fürth
Bond of the City of Fürth, issued 30. December 1903
The first mention of the settlement of Fürth, which had probably
already existed for some time, was in a document dated 1 November
1007, in which the Emperor Heinrich II donated his property in Fürth
to the newly created Bishopric of Bamberg. The name "Fürth"
derives from the German word for "ford", as the first settlements
originated around a ford. In the following years,
Fürth was granted
market privileges, but these were later lost to the neighbouring
Nuremberg, under Heinrich III. From 1062 onward,
Fürth was again
permitted to have a market, but by that time
Nuremberg was already the
more important town.
In the following centuries, the town was under varying authority,
involving the Bishopric of Bamberg, the
Principality of Ansbach
Principality of Ansbach and
the City of Nuremberg. For a long time, the character of the
settlement remained largely agricultural, and in 1600 the population
was probably still only between 1000 and 2000.
In the Thirty Years War,
Fürth was almost completely destroyed by
In 1835, the first German railway was opened between
Throughout the Cold War,
Fürth had a significant
especially the U.S. Army, due to its proximity to both the East German
and Czech borders.
In the course of time, a number of municipalities or other
administrative divisions were integrated into the urban district of
1 January 1899: the western part of the municipality of Höfen,
including Weikershof (to the south of the Schwabacher Straße)
1 January 1900: the municipality of Poppenreuth (to the east of the
historic centre of the city, on the far side of the river Pegnitz)
1 January 1901: the municipality of Dambach (to the west of the
current Südstadt (South Town), as well as Unterfürberg and
1 January 1918: Atzenhof (to the north-west, on the right bank of the
River Zenn between Unterfarrnbach and Vach)
1 January 1918: the municipality of Unterfarrnbach (to the west, on
the bank of the river Farrnbach)
3 December 1923: the municipality of Burgfarrnbach (to the north-west,
on the far side of the canal, not contiguous with
1 July 1927: the municipality of Ronhof, and Kronach
1 July 1972: the municipality of Sack, including Bislohe, which is
north of the Knoblauchsland and is not separately listed in official
1 July 1972: the municipality of Stadeln
1 July 1972: the municipality of Vach (to the north of Fürth,
north of the river Zenn and west of river Regnitz
1 July 1972: Herboldshof and Steinach, previously parts of the
municipality of Boxdorf 
Middle Ages and early Renaissance, the population of Fürth
grew slowly, owing to the numerous wars, epidemics and famines. In the
Thirty Years War, the town lost about half its population. When
Croatian soldiers set fire to
Fürth in 1634, it burned for several
days, and was almost completely destroyed. At the end of the war, the
population was a mere 800. In 1685, Reformed Christians from France,
or Huguenots, settled in Fürth. By 1700 the restoration of the town
had been completed, and the population rose to about 6000.
With the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century, the
population began to increase rapidly. In 1800
Fürth had a population
of 12,000; by 1895 it had multiplied fourfold to 47,000. In 1950 the
population of the town exceeded 100,000, making it a Großstadt. At
the end of 2005, as recorded by the Bavarian Statistical Office
(Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung), the population
(based on principal residence) was 113,076, a historical record. This
Fürth the second largest town in Middle Franconia, after
Nuremberg, and the seventh largest town in Bavaria. As of 2015, the
proportion of foreign nationals in
Fürth is about 18 percent. 
The following table shows the population of
Fürth over time. Up to
1818 the figures are mainly estimates; after that they are mostly
based on census results (¹) or official projections from the
appropriate statistical offices or the town administration itself.
1 July 1830 ¹
1 December 1840 ¹
3 December 1852 ¹
3 December 1855 ¹
3 December 1858 ¹
3 December 1861 ¹
3 December 1864 ¹
3 December 1867 ¹
1 December 1871 ¹
1 December 1875 ¹
1 December 1880 ¹
1 December 1885 ¹
1 December 1890 ¹
2 December 1895 ¹
1 December 1900 ¹
1 December 1905 ¹
1 December 1910 ¹
1 December 1916 ¹
5 December 1917 ¹
8 October 1919 ¹
16 June 1925 ¹
16 June 1933 ¹
17 May 1939 ¹
31 December 1945
29 October 1946 ¹
13 September 1950 ¹
25 September 1956 ¹
6 June 1961 ¹
31 December 1965
27 May 1970 ¹
31 December 1975
31 December 1980
31 December 1985
25 May 1987 ¹
31 December 1990
31 December 1995
31 December 2000
30 December 2005
31 December 2010
31 December 2015
St. Michael, with West Tower
The population of
Fürth was originally under the Bishopric of
Würzburg and from 1007 it belonged to the Bishopric of Bamberg. In
1524, as part of the Reformation, it became a
Protestant town like
Nuremberg, and it remained so for many years. However, because of the
connections with Bamberg, there were always some
Catholics in the
After 1792, the
Protestant congregations in
Fürth were under the
authority of the Prussian
Ansbach Consistory, and when
Ansbach was ceded to
Bavaria they became part of the
Protestant Church, which initially comprised Lutheran and
Reformed congregations. The congregations later belonged to the
Deanery of Zirndorf. In 1885,
Fürth became a deanery (Dekanat),
subsidiary to Nuremberg.
Beside the Bavarian
Protestant Church there are also Protestant
congregations of free churches in Fürth, e. g. a small congregation
of the United Methodist Church.
From the 18th century or earlier, the number of
Catholics rose, and in
1829 the first Catholic church since the Reformation was consecrated:
the Church of Our Lady. St. Michael Church was originally a Catholic
church until taken by the Protestant's during the Reformation. In
Fürth became a Catholic Deanery within the Archdiocese.
The proportion of Protestants to
Catholics in the 20th century was
about two to one.
The position enjoyed by Jews in
Fürth (compared with other towns) led
to the sobriquet "Franconian Jerusalem", though this is based on an
older, pejoratively intended reference to Fürth.
Jewish residents are mentioned as early as 1440; in 1528 the Margrave
of Ansbach, George the Pious, permitted two Jews, Perman und Uriel, to
Fürth (in return for high taxes), and from then on the
number of Jewish residents increased.
By the 17th century, there was a local
Yeshiva (Talmudic academy) of
considerable repute, and in 1617, a synagogue was built. In 1653, the
first Jewish hospital in
Germany (and Fürth's first hospital) was
When Emperor Leopold I deported the Viennese Jews in 1670, many
upper-class Jewish families moved to Fürth, and by 1716 there were
about 400 Jewish families in the town. In 1807, the proportion of Jews
in the overall population was about 19%. Following the Mediatization
and the Bavarian Judenedikt (Jewish Edict) of 1813, there were more
restrictions on Jews. In particular, the Matrikelparagraph provisions
prevented Jewish immigration. In 1824, the Talmudic academy was
closed. The Bavarian Judenedikt of 1813, with its restrictions on
Jewish life and Jewish immigration was rescinded by the law of 29 June
1851, and further laws dated 16 April 1868, and 22 April 1871, which
led to further emancipation of the Jews, and restrictions on residence
were removed. By 1840, there were 2535 Jews living in Fürth, more
than half of all Bavarian Jews.
In 1862, a Jewish primary school was founded, followed by a secondary
school in 1882. The highest number of Jewish residents was reached in
1880, at about 3,300.
In 1933, there were 1,990 Jews in Fürth. By early 1938 after
the rise of the Nazis, there were 1,400 Jews in Fürth. In November
1938, there were about 1,200 when the synagogue was destroyed in the
Kristallnacht pogroms, and 132 Jews were deported to Dachau. All
except a handful of those who remained in
Fürth after Kristallnacht
either fled while they still could (abroad or to other areas in
Germany) or were deported to concentration camps and/or death camps;
virtually all those who remained in
Germany were deported to their
deaths. By 1944, perhaps 23 Jews were left in Furth. Overall, 1,068
Jews from Furth died in the Holocaust.
After the end of the Second World War, a
Displaced persons camp
Displaced persons camp for
Jewish Holocaust survivors was established in
In 1945 it housed 850 inhabitants; it was shut down in July 1950.
There is a memorial to the Jewish community in the Geleitsgasse
square, just off Königstrasse. Archaeologists discovered a Mikvah
(ritual bath) in a house in the centre of Fürth. This building now
houses the Jewish Museum of Franconia, which opened in 1998.
The old Jewish cemetery (Weiherstraße), which was established in
1607, is one of the oldest in Germany. It suffered considerable
destruction and desecration during the Nazi regime and the Second
World War, but was restored in 1949 and is now one of the best
preserved Jewish cemeteries in Germany. A new Jewish cemetery was
consecrated in 1880, which has been in use from 1906 to the present
The "Nature Trail for Urban Ecology" was established in 1999
(3 km, 10 stops) and expanded in 2003 to include a second route
(7 km, 10 stops). Both tours begin at the Stadthalle underground
railway station. Along the nature trail, different habitats and their
importance for the flora and fauna of the area are explained (e.g. the
churchyard of St. Michael's Church, the municipal cemetery,
Scherbsgraben stream). The trail references the designation of some
areas as protected areas, and explains problems of measures that
affect the environment, such as river regulation.
Average sunshine duration is 1766 hours per year.
The Gustav-Adolf natural spring, near Weikershof, by the River Rednitz
was restored in 2000 and a pavilion was erected. Until the 1980s, the
spring water, which comes out of the ground at 19 °C, was used
for a swimming pool.
Coat of arms
Fürth coat of arms depicts a green trefoil (three-leaved clover)
on a white (argent) background. The town colours are green and white.
The trefoil first appeared on a seal of the governor of the city for
Bamberg Diocese, which depicted a trefoil held by a hand and
between two crescents. Its origin is unclear, but the trefoil probably
represents the three powers responsible for
Fürth during the Middle
Ages as well as being a symbol of the Trinity. From 1792 onward, there
were three trefoils on a triple hill. In 1818, the town acquired a new
coat of arms depicting a green trefoil surrounded by an oak branch
(acorned). This coat of arms was retained for over 100 years. However,
in 1939, the oak branch was removed. At that time, a new flag was
introduced; it had two green stripes on a green background and the
coat of arms on a green background on the upper part. Later, however,
the flag was simplified to the colours white (below) and green
Until the end of the 18th century, the administration of
Fürth was in
the hands of a representative of the Diocese of Bamberg.
Bavaria in 1806; in 1808 it was made a "class II"
city and was under the direct authority of the state. From 1818
Fürth became a "class I" city; this meant that it was responsible
for its own administration.
Since 2002 Thomas Jung, (SPD), has been the First Mayor.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Fürth is twinned with:
Paisley (Scotland), since 1969
Limoges (France), since 1992
Marmaris (Turkey), since 1995
Xylokastro (Greece), since 2006 ("friendship" since 2001)
Economy and infrastructure
Solar power collection on former landfill at Atzenhof
As of March 2016, unemployment in
Fürth was 6.6 percent.
The toy industry is a major employer in the
Fürth economy, with a
variety of toy-makers ranging from small crafts to large industrial
Brewing was once important in Fürth. The five large breweries were
Humbser, Geismann, Grüner, Evora & Meyer, and Berg Bräu. Around
the turn of the 19th century,
Fürth was more important than
a "beer town".
Quelle, once the largest mail-order company in Europe, was based in
Fürth before its insolvency and liquidation in 2009.
Fürth is also a centre of solar technology. The non-profit
organization Solid, a centre for information and demonstration of
solar technology, is based here. An average of two megawatt of
electricity are fed into the grid on sunny days by Infra Fürth, the
local energy utility, using photovoltaic technology. A ground-based
plant in Atzenhof located on a former landfill produces 1 MW, the
largest individual share.
A new pumping station was built in 2003 near the confluence of the
Rednitz rivers. It provides artificial irrigation to the
Knoblauchsland market garden area to the north-east of the city.
Map of European air traffic 1924 from the Nordisk familjebok
In 1914, an aerodrome was built at Atzenhof for the Third Bavarian
Army Corps, which was extended in the following years. After the First
World War, it became "Fürth–Nuremberg" international airport, which
saved it from being completely dismantled. Fürth-
was the eighth largest of the 88 German airports. The importance of
the airport increased further when Junkers transferred first its
central repair workshop, and then the final assembly line for its
aircraft from Dessau to Fürth. Under the Nazis, the airport at
Atzenhof was expanded and used as a flying school. After
occupied by Allied troops, the US Army used the site as a barracks,
until 1993 ( Monteith Barracks Army Heliport. The US Army built the
"Monteith Barracks" golf course on the site and maintained the
historic buildings. In 1928, the city of
Nuremberg took over the main
share of the airport's operations. Until civil aviation operations
ended in 1933, the airport was called " Flughafen Nuremberg-Fürth".
There was a second airport built at Fürth-Hardhöhe by the Gothaer
Waggonfabrik, later called Industrieflughafen. It existed from 1919
until 6. April 1955. 1919-1938 Gothaer Waggonfabrik, 1939-1945
Bachmann, v.Blumenthal, 1945-1949 U.S. Army Airfield R-30 and
1949-1955 "International Airport Nürnberg-Fürth".
The first railway line with steam trains in
Germany was between Fürth
and Nuremberg, and opened on December 7, 1835. The locomotive, named
Adler (Eagle) was built in Newcastle by Stephenson, the builder of the
Fürth are joined by an underground
railway (subway) connection. In
Fürth there are currently seven
underground stations: Stadtgrenze (partly in Fürth),
Fürth Hauptbahnhof, Rathaus, Stadthalle, Klinikum,
A canal between
Nuremberg started operation in 1843. There
was a port at Poppenreuth. A new canal with a port in Fürth, the
Rhine-Main-Danube Canal, was completed in 1992, creating a navigable
connection from the Rhine delta in Rotterdam to the Danube Delta on
the Black Sea.
Local public transport
Public transport is managed by Infra Fürth.
The Fürther Nachrichten is published daily. It was first published in
1946 as a local page in Nürnberger Nachrichten; today it is a
separate newspaper but is in fact the same newspaper as Nürnberger
Nachrichten with some additional sections for the town and the rural
district of Fürth, respectively.
Another publishing company in
Fürth is Computec Media AG, which has a
number of publications in the field of electronic entertainment.
Companies in Fürth
The mail-order business Quelle, now merged with Karstadt to form
KarstadtQuelle, was founded by
Gustav Schickedanz on 26 October 1927.
KarstadtQuelle Versicherungen, an insurance arm, was created in 1984.
Grundig had its headquarters and a number of manufacturing plants in
Fürth, from the time the company was founded until the middle of
2000. The former headquarters on Kurgartenstraße was converted into a
technology park ("Uferstadt Fürth"), and it now accommodates
Technikum Neue Materialien (research center into new materials), an
institute of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Sellbytel (a call centre
operation), Computec Media AG, and the Radio Museum.
Siemens AG, based in
Munich has several locations in Fürth.
Uvex headquarters and a manufacturing unit are in Fürth.
The toy manufacturers
Simba Dickie Group (Simba, Dickie, BIG) and
Bruder are based in Fürth.
In Fürth, there are a total of 22 elementary schools. There are also
3 high schools (gymnasia), in order of foundation:
Hardenberg-Gymnasium (1833), Heinrich-Schliemann-Gymnasium (1896), and
Helene-Lange-Gymnasium (1907). There are two "commercial" schools
Hans Böckler School and the
Leopold Ullstein School; there are also a number of vocational
The siting of Erlangen-
Nuremberg University's Central Institute for
New Materials and Process Technology in
Fürth in 2004 makes
university town. Some practical trainings of
medicine studies are at
Fürth municipal hospital. Wilhelm Löhe
Hochschule für angewandte Wissenschaften is a private University of
Applied Sciences for health care and welfare.
At Scherbsgraben, there was an indoor and an outdoor swimming pool, a
diving pool with a 10-metre tower, a large pool for non-swimmers and a
sauna. These facilities were completely renovated 2006/2007. The
open-air pool was re-opened in June 2006 and a new thermal spa (called
Fürthermare)was opened 2007. The complex is not longer run by the
municipal authorities but is completely privatized and called
Fürth has a municipal library, with a number of branches; since 2003
it has been possible to access the catalogue via the Internet. There
is a town archive in Burgfarrnbach.
Culture and sights
The municipal theatre (Stadttheater Fürth) was built by the Viennese
theatre architects Fellner & Helmer in the Italian
Baroque styles. It is very similar to the municipal theatre of the
Ukrainian town of Chernivtsi, which was designed by the same
Another playhouse, the Comödie Fürth, is now housed in the
Jugendstil building known as the Berolzheimerianum. Regular
appearances are made by the Franconian cult comedians Volker Heißmann
and Martin Rassau, better known by their alter egos Waltraud and
Mariechen. The playhouse hosts other appearances by German stars of
Pubs, restaurants, shopping etc.
Fürth's main district for eating out and drinking is around the
Gustavstraße, which is in the Old Town, near the Rathaus. There are
many small pubs, cafés and cocktail bars, as well as restaurants
serving Franconian cuisine. Esp. in suburbs und Stadtwald are some
traditional franconian restaurants with beer garden / open air area.
Shopping facilities in
Fürth include two malls City Center and Neue
Mitte as well as many retail shops and an open market.
Gauklerbrunnen at the "Grüner Markt", 2004
Fürth survived the
Second World War
Second World War with less damage than most German
cities, and many historic buildings remain.
Fürth has a very high
density of historic buildings and monuments per head of population (17
per 1000 inhabitants).
The city centre is typified by the streets with intact architecture
from the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the old town, around the
Church of St. Michael, there are ensembles of buildings from the 17th
and 18th centuries. Of particular note is the Hornschuch Promenade
Jugendstil apartment houses. The Südstadt, the
southern part of the town, also has many historic buildings, but these
tend to be former workers' tenements, so the house fronts are less
grand. A lot of frame and freestones houses from 17.-19. century can
be found in quarters and suburbs, f.e. Poppenreuth, Burgfarrnbach,
Vach and Dambach.
The Rathaus, built in the Italian style by
Friedrich Bürklein between
1840 and 1850, is modelled on the
Palazzo Vecchio in Florence.
The Jewish Museum in Franconia' (Königstraße 89), which also has a
branch in Schnaittach, was opened in 1999. The main part of the house
goes back to the 17th century; Jewish families lived here until the
late 19th century. The stucco ceilings, a historic
Sukkah and a Mikvah
in the basement have remained intact. The museum is also meant to be a
meeting place, and has a bookshop and a cafeteria.
Fürth Radio museum (Kurgartenstraße 37)
Stadtmuseum (Municipal/Town Museum), (Ottostr.2) at former Otto
schoolhouse shows a lot of town history in a permanent exhibition and
alternating special exhibitions
The kunst galerie fürth (Königsplatz 1), which was opened at the end
of 2002, is a place for modern art, with varying exhibitions.
The Jakob-Henle-Haus houses a collection of dialysis technology.
Protestant Church of St. Michael is the oldest building in Fürth.
Its beginnings go back to around 1100, the 45-metre (150 ft)
tower was added around 1400 at the beginning of the Late Gothic
period, and most of the building work was carried out in the 15th
century. The interior of the church is mainly
Neo-Gothic in character,
with most of the Late Gothic ornaments having been replaced in the
19th century. The only remaining late Gothic ornament is the
tabernacle on the North wall; it is 6.8 metres (22 ft 4
in) high and was probably created around 1500-1510 by artists near to
Adam Kraft. It is the church's most valuable work of art. Other
churches with gothic parts from 14.-16. century are St.Johannis in
Burgfarrnbach, St.Peter and Paul in Poppenreuth and St.Matthäus in
Vach. St. Peter and Paul probably has some older parts, the previous
building was probably founded around 900 - 1000 and was mother Church
of many other churches f.e. St.Sebald in Nuremberg.
The Catholic Church of Our Lady (1824-1828) is a Classical building,
as is the
Protestant "Church of the Resurrection" (1825/26),
originally belonging to the cemetery and therefore aligned in a
north-south direction. In the Südstadt area are the
of St. Paul and the Neo-Baroque Church of St. Henry and Kunigunde.
Other churches include the Catholic Church of Christ the King
(Christkönig), which was built in the 1970s.
Hotel-Pyramide on the east bank of the Rhine-
Main-Danube Canal with a
glass outside facade
The renovated Liershof was built in 1621 as a two-story stone-block
building with high house ends and a two-story timber-framed spire.
The Lochnersche Gartenhaus (Theaterstraße 33) was built about 1700;
the polygonal staircase tower was probably added about 1750.
Fürth Rathaus (Town Hall), with its 55 m high tower in the Italian
style, was built in 1840-50 by Georg Friedrich Christian Bürklein
with the help of Eduard Bürklein, both students of Friedrich von
Gärtner. The tower is modelled on the
Palazzo Vecchio in
is now the main landmark of Fürth. The Rathaus was built after Fürth
was granted the right to self-administration.
The station building of the historic main rail station was designed by
Eduard Rüber and built in 1863/1864. in front of main station is
Centaurenbrunnen, in naturalistic and neo baroque style. 1890 it was
created by Rudolf Maison and was built to celebrate railway and water
supply in Fürth.
The former abattoir, now a "cultural" centre is to be found below the
Stadthalle near the River Rednitz.
On the Schwabacher Straße is a brewery with buildings from the
beginning of the 20th century.
The Gauklerbrunnen, (2004), created by Harro Frey at the Grüner Markt
is the most recent fountain in Fürth; it comprises 3 independent
groups of figures, two of which are connected by water elements.
Schloss Burgfarrnbach (Burgfarrnbach Palace) built in 1830 - 1834 is
South Germany's largest neo-classical palace. It was built by Leonhard
Schmidtner as residence for the counts of Pückler-Limpurg. Since the
1980s it is used as municipal archive, academic library, for concerts
and special exhibitions and Stadtmuseum depot.
Schloss Steinach is a manor house from 17. century.
The Stadtpark (municipal park) is by the Pegnitz and there is a
gradual transition to the water meadows further down the river. As
well as paths and park benches, the park offers duck ponds, a
children's playground, a minigolf course, a rose garden, a grassland
orchard laid out in 2001, a few statues, and a botanical educational
(school project) garden.
In the latter half of 2004 the Südstadtpark, on a former barracks,
was opened to the public.
May: Burgfarrnbach fair (Bürgerfest)
Spring: International Klezmer Festival
Spring and Autumn: Grafflmarkt flea market
Fürth Festival (in town centre)
Summer:Grüne Nacht (Green Night) - local Folk & Blues Festival at
"Grüner Markt" (market place)
Summer: New Orleans Festival at "Fürther Freiheit"
Summer: Hardhöhe festival
Summer: saints' day fairs in various locations (fairs to celebrate the
consecration of the local church)
September/October: Michaeliskirchweih fair. This is one of the largest
of such events in Bavaria, and also the largest and most important
festivals in Fürth, it has been going on for more than 800 years. It
starts on September 29 (Michaelmas), if it is a Saturday, or on the
first Saturday following September 29). It usually lasts 12 days. In
2007 it lasted 16 days in celebration of Fürth's 1000th anniversary.
December: Christmas market (Weihnachtsmarkt) at Fürther Freiheit
December: Old Town Christmas (Altstadtweihnacht) organized by the Old
Town Association ( Altstadtverein) at Waagplatz.
Prizes awarded by the town of Fürth
Every two years, since 1996,
Fürth has awarded the Jakob-Wassermann
prize, a prize for literature in honour of Fürth's famous author
Sport and leisure
In the sporting world,
Fürth came to fame through its football club
SpVgg Fürth, which was German football champion three times. Since
merging with the football section of TSV Vestenbergsgreuth the club is
now called SpVgg Greuther Fürth. After winning the 2nd Bundesliga in
2011-12, the team moved up to the top level Bundesliga for the first
time. The football stadium is in Ronhof (Stadion am Laubenweg).
The baseball team
Fürth Pirates was promoted to the premier national
baseball league in 2002 and became vice-champion in the 2004 season.
Fürth plays host to the annual Paul Hunter Classic,
which is now a pro-am minor ranking snooker event and part of the
European Players Tour Championship.
The largest public barbecue area within
Fürth is on the Rednitz, near
the railway line to
Würzburg and the swimming pool. It is shaded by
trees and has barbecue facilities and fixed seating.
There are minigolf courses in the Stadtpark, by the Rhine-Main-Danube
Canal, near Burgfarrnbach, and by the Pegnitz, a little upstream from
the confluence with the
Rednitz and near the municipal cemetery.
Notable people associated with Fürth
Max Bernstein, (1854–1925; born in Fürth), lawyer, art- and theatre
critic and author.
Hans Böckler (1875–1951), German politician (SPD) and union leader.
Hermann Boehm (1884-1962), eugenics, doctor, professor of "eugenics"
and organizational structure of the SS Overview ranks SA-sanitary
group leader in the Nazi era
Sandra Bullock (1964- ; lived in Fürth), actress
Ludwig Erhard (1897–1977; born in Fürth), politician (CDU), former
Roger C. Field
Roger C. Field (1945- ; lived in
Fürth for three years),
Albert Forster (1902–1952), German Nazi governor executed for war
Grundig (1908–1989; lived in Fürth), founder of electronics
Jakob Henle (1809-1885), anatomist, pathologist and doctor
Ralph F. Hirschmann (1922–2009), biochemist who led synthesis of the
Heinrich Hoffmann (1885-1957), personal photographer of Adolf Hitler)
Wilhelm Ihne (1821-1902), classicist and historian
Henry Kissinger (1923- ; born in Fürth), former Secretary of
State of the United States
Kraft-Alexander zu Hohenlohe-Oehringen (1925–2006; died in Fürth),
actor and artistic director
Robert Kurz (1943-2012; lived in
Fürth until his death), communist
Leopold Ullstein by Oscar Begas, 1882
Wilhelm Löhe (1808–1872; born in Fürth), Lutheran pastor
Jean Mandel (1911-1974; born in Fürth), footballer and politician,
Alfred Louis Nathan (1870-1922), philanthropist de:Alfred Nathan
Julius Ochs (1826–1888; born in Fürth), father of Adolph Ochs,
publisher of New York Times
Edgar Rosenberg (1925-2015; born in Fürth), American scholar and
Cornell University professor
Arthur Rosenthal (1887-1959), mathematician
Gustav Schickedanz (1895–1977; born in Fürth), German entrepreneur.
Alfred Schwarzmann (1912-2000), gymnastic and olympic athlete
Martin Segitz (1853-1927), union leader and politician (SPD)
Leopold Ullstein (1826–1899; born in Fürth), important German
Jakob Wassermann (1873–1934; born in Fürth), writer and novelist
^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt
für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018.
^ literally "government district"
^ 1000 Jahre
Fürth - Stadtgeschichte
^ Ohm, Barbara (2007). Fürth: Geschichte der Stadt (in German).
Jungkunz. p. 290. ISBN 978-3-9808686-1-7.
^ a b c d Ohm, Barbara (2007). Fürth: Geschichte der Stadt (in
German). Jungkunz. p. 345. ISBN 978-3-9808686-1-7.
^ "Stadtforschung und Statistik für Nürnberg und
Fürth - Stadt
Fürth, Ausländeranteil 2015" (PDF). nuernberg.de. Retrieved
^ Edikt die Verhältnisse der jüdischen Glaubensgenossen im
Königreiche Baiern betreffend vom 10. Juni 1813
^ Dr. Michael Müller,
Fürth (2006). "Seligman Bendit & Söhne
Spiegelglas- und Fensterglas-Fabriken Aufstieg und Niedergang einer
jüdischen Unternehmer-Familie der Fürther Spiegelglas-Industrie"
(pdf). Fürther Geschichtsblätter (in German). 56th year (2/2006 and
3/2006,). Retrieved 2007-01-24.
Fürth 1933 – 1945 Der Israelitische.
^ a b Komitee zum Gedenken der Fürther Shoah-Opfer (Bearbeitung
Gisela Naomi Blume): Memorbuch zum Gedenken an die von den Nazis
Ermordeten Fürther Juden.
Fürth 1997. p. 13.
^ Fürther Nachrichten vom 3. Juni 2009, p. 1: Denkmal erweitert.
^ a b Official
Fürth Website: Historical data and facts
^ Hevesi, Dennis "Ralph F. Hirschmann, Leading Scientist on Early
Enzyme Research, Dies at 87", The New York Times, July 18, 2009.
Accessed July 19, 2009.
Fürth Web site (in German)
Official site for Fürth's 1000th anniversary in 2007 (in German)
Fürth Website: Historical data and facts(in German)
Fürth web site Jewish history in
Fürth (in German)
Official Web site, Jewish Museum of Franconia in
Fürth (in English)
Web site of non-profit organization History for All, Institute for
Fürth (in German)
Web site of non-profit organization History for All, Institute for
Regional History: A home for centuries - history of the Jews in Fürth
Bayern 2 state radio:
Fürth - the Franconian Jerusalem (in German)
Alemannia Judaica home page
Fürth Jewish cemetery (in German)
International Civic Heraldry web site:
Fürth (in German)
JewishEncyclopaedia.com: Fürth, by Gotthard Deutsch, A. Eckstein (in
Bender, Oliver (1999). Doctoral dissertation: Die Entwicklung der
Fürth im 19. Jahrhundert - Aufbau und
Interpretation eines geographischen Informationssystems auf Basis der
Hausgrundstücke (Industrial Fuerth. The Urban Geography and a
GIS-Presentation of a medium-sized town in Franconia, 1800-1914) (in
German). Bamberg: (University of Bamberg). Archived from the original
(pdf) on 2009-09-04. Retrieved 2007-01-24. (in German)
Dr. Michael Müller,
Fürth (2006). "Seligman Bendit & Söhne
Spiegelglas- und Fensterglas-Fabriken Aufstieg und Niedergang einer
jüdischen Unternehmer-Familie der Fürther Spiegelglas-Industrie
(Seligman Bendit & Sons mirror glass and window glass factories -
rise and fall od Jewish entrepreneurial familyin the
glass industry)" (pdf). Fürther Geschichtsblätter (in German). 56th
year (2/2006 and 3/2006,). Retrieved 2007-01-24. (in German)
Literature (in German)
Georg Dehio: Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Bayern. Bd I.
Franken. Deutscher Kunstverlag,
Munich 1999, P.363ff.
Fürth von A bis Z. Ein Geschichts-Lexikon.
Gerd Walther (Hrsg.):
Fürth - Die Kleeblattstadt - Rundgänge durch
Geschichte und Gegenwart". Städtebilder-Verlag,
Gerd Walther: Die Fürther Altstadt rund um Sankt Michael. Fürth
1990. ISBN 3-927347-21-3
Andrea Sommer: Die Fürther Südstadt. 4 parts. in: Fürther
Heimatblätter. Published by the Verein für Heimatforschung
Alt-Fürth. NF 39.1989, P.1, NF 40.1990, P.1, NF 40.1990, P.81 und NF
Ralf Nestmeyer: Nürnberg, Fürth, Erlangen. Reisehandbuch. Michael
Erlangen 2006. ISBN 3-89953-318-6.
Deutsches Städtebuch. Handbuch städtischer Geschichte. vol. 5.
Bayerisches Städtebuch. T 1. part volume Unter-, Mittel- und
Oberfranken. Commissioned by the Arbeitsgemeinschaft der historischen
Kommissionen and with the support of the Deutscher Städtetag, the
Deutscher Städtebund and the Deutscher Gemeindetag, edited by Erich
Katrin Bielefeldt: Geschichte der Juden in Fürth. Jahrhundertelang
eine Heimat. Historische Spaziergänge. Vol. 3. Edited by Geschichte
Für Alle e. V. Sandberg-Verlag,
Literature (in English)
Simon Pearce: Bridget and Jane. A children's audio series set in
Fürth in the early 19th century. Sydney 2006. Unpublished.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fürth.
Wikisource has the text of the 1920
Encyclopedia Americana article
Fürth travel guide from Wikivoyage
Fürth Site (in German)
FürthWiki.de Free city wiki about
Fürth (in German)
KUNSTNÜRNBERG - Online - Magazine for Contemporary Art and History of
Art in Fürth,
Nuremberg and Franconia
Fürth at Curlie (based on DMOZ) (in German)
Germany by population
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