FüRTH (German pronunciation: ( listen ); East Franconian : Färdd;
Yiddish : פיורדא, Fiurda) is a city in northern
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Neighbouring municipalities * 1.2 Parts of town
* 2 History
* 2.1 Expansion * 2.2 Population development
* 3 Religions
* 3.1 Christianity * 3.2 Judaism
* 4 Nature
* 5 Politics
Coat of arms
* 6 International relations
* 7 Economy and infrastructure
* 7.1 Transport
* 7.1.1 Airports * 7.1.2 Rail * 7.1.3 Water transport * 7.1.4 Local public transport
* 7.2 Media
* 7.3 Companies in
* 8 Culture and sights
* 8.1 Theatre * 8.2 Pubs, restaurants, shopping etc.
* 9 Sights
* 9.1 Monuments
* 9.2 Museums
* 9.3 Churches
* 9.4 Secular buildings
* 9.5 Parks
* 9.6 Regular events
* 9.7 Prizes awarded by the town of
* 10 Sport and leisure
* 10.1 Sport * 10.2 Leisure
* 11 Notable people associated with
City Hall, seen from the Schwabacher Straße
The historic centre of the town is to the east and south of the
The following towns and municipalities share borders with Fürth; they are listed in clockwise order, starting in the north:
PARTS OF TOWN
Beyond the town proper, the urban district comprises another 20 localities:
* Atzenhof * Bislohe * Braunsbach bei Fürth * Burgfarrnbach * Dambach * Flexdorf * Herboldshof * Kronach * Mannhof * Oberfürberg * Poppenreuth * Ritzmannshof * Ronhof * Sack * Stadeln * Steinach * Unterfarrnbach * Unterfürberg * Vach * Weikershof
The first mention of the settlement of Fürth, which had probably
already existed for some time, was in a document dated 1 November
1007, in which the Emperor Heinrich II donated his property in Fürth
to the newly created Bishopric of
In the following centuries, the town was under varying authority,
involving the Bishopric of
In 1835, the first German railway was opened between
In the course of time, a number of municipalities or other administrative divisions were integrated into the urban district of Fürth:
* 1 January 1899: the western part of the municipality of Höfen, including Weikershof (to the south of the Schwabacher Straße) * 1 January 1900: the municipality of Poppenreuth (to the east of the historic centre of the city, on the far side of the river Pegnitz) * 1 January 1901: the municipality of Dambach (to the west of the current Südstadt (South Town), as well as Unterfürberg and Oberfürberg * 1 January 1918: Atzenhof (to the north-west, on the right bank of the River Zenn between Unterfarrnbach and Vach) * 1 January 1918: the municipality of Unterfarrnbach (to the west, on the bank of the river Farrnbach) * 3 December 1923: the municipality of Burgfarrnbach (to the north-west, on the far side of the canal, not contiguous with Fürth proper) * 1 July 1927: the municipality of Ronhof, and Kronach * 1 July 1972: the municipality of Sack, including Bislohe, which is north of the Knoblauchsland and is not separately listed in official documents. * 1 July 1972: the municipality of Stadeln * 1 July 1972: the municipality of Vach (to the north of Fürth, west of the rivers Crap and Zenn * 1 July 1972: Herboldshof and Steinach, previously parts of the municipality of Boxdorf
Middle Ages and early
Renaissance , the population of Fürth
grew slowly, owing to the numerous wars, epidemics and famines. In the
Thirty Years War , the town lost about half its population. When
Croatian soldiers set fire to
With the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century, the
population began to increase rapidly. In 1800
The following table shows the population of
1 July 1830 ¹ 13,900
1 December 1840 ¹ 15,100
3 December 1852 ¹ 16,700
3 December 1855 ¹ 17,341
3 December 1858 ¹ 18,241
3 December 1861 ¹ 19,100
3 December 1864 ¹ 21,100
3 December 1867 ¹ 22,500
1 December 1871 ¹ 24,580
1 December 1875 ¹ 27,360
1 December 1880 ¹ 31,063
1 December 1885 ¹ 35,455
1 December 1890 ¹ 43,206
2 December 1895 ¹ 46,726
1 December 1900 ¹ 54,144
1 December 1905 ¹ 60,635
1 December 1910 ¹ 66,553
1 December 1916 ¹ 56,967
5 December 1917 ¹ 57,282
8 October 1919 ¹ 68,162
16 June 1925 ¹ 73,693
16 June 1933 ¹ 77,135
17 May 1939 ¹ 82,315
31 December 1945 86,515
29 October 1946 ¹ 95,369
13 September 1950 ¹ 99,890
25 September 1956 ¹ 98,643
6 June 1961 ¹ 98,332
31 December 1965 96,125
27 May 1970 ¹ 94,774
31 December 1975 101,639
31 December 1980 99,088
31 December 1985 97,331
25 May 1987 ¹ 97,480
31 December 1990 103,362
31 December 1995 108,418
31 December 2000 110,477
30 December 2005 113,459
31 December 2010 114,628
31 December 2015 126,405
RANK NATIONALITY POPULATION (2017)
3 Yugoslavia 2,348
St. Michael, with West Tower
The population of
After 1792, the
From the 18th century or earlier, the number of
Catholics rose, and
in 1829 the first Catholic church since the Reformation was
consecrated: the Church of Our Lady. St. Michael Church was originally
a Catholic church until taken by the Protestant's during the
Reformation. In 1961,
The proportion of Protestants to Catholics in the 20th century was about two to one.
The position enjoyed by Jews in
Jewish residents are mentioned as early as 1440; in 1528 the Margrave
By the 17th century, there was a local
Yeshiva (Talmudic academy) of
considerable repute, and in 1617, a synagogue was built. In 1653, the
first Jewish hospital in
When Emperor Leopold I deported the Viennese Jews in 1670, many upper-class Jewish families moved to Fürth, and by 1716 there were about 400 Jewish families in the town. In 1807, the proportion of Jews in the overall population was about 19%. Following the Mediatization and the Bavarian Judenedikt (Jewish Edict) of 1813, there were more restrictions on Jews. In particular, the Matrikelparagraph provisions prevented Jewish immigration. In 1824, the Talmudic academy was closed. The Bavarian Judenedikt of 1813, with its restrictions on Jewish life and Jewish immigration was rescinded by the law of 29 June 1851, and further laws dated 16 April 1868, and 22 April 1871, which led to further emancipation of the Jews, and restrictions on residence were removed. By 1840, there were 2535 Jews living in Fürth, more than half of all Bavarian Jews.
In 1862, a Jewish primary school was founded, followed by a secondary school in 1882. The highest number of Jewish residents was reached in 1880, at about 3,300.
In 1933, there were 1990 Jews in Furth. By early 1938 after the
rise of the Nazis, there were 1400 Jews in Furth. In November 1938,
there were about 1200 when the synagogue was destroyed in the
Kristallnacht pogroms, and 132 Jews were deported to Dachau. All
except a handful of those who remained in
After the end of the
Second World War , a
Displaced persons camp for
Jewish Holocaust survivors was established in
There is a memorial to the Jewish community in the Geleitsgasse square, just off Königstrasse. Archaeologists discovered a Mikvah (ritual bath) in a house in the centre of Fürth. This building now houses the Jewish Museum of Franconia, which opened in 1998.
The old Jewish cemetery (Weiherstraße), which was established in 1607, is one of the oldest in Germany. It suffered considerable destruction and desecration during the Nazi regime and the Second World War, but was restored in 1949 and is now one of the best preserved Jewish cemeteries in Germany. A new Jewish cemetery was consecrated in 1880, which has been in use from 1906 to the present day.
The "Nature Trail for Urban Ecology" was established in 1999 (3 km, 10 stops) and expanded in 2003 to include a second route (7 km, 10 stops). Both tours begin at the Stadthalle underground railway station . Along the nature trail, different habitats and their importance for the flora and fauna of the area are explained (e.g. the churchyard of St. Michael's Church, the municipal cemetery, Scherbsgraben stream). The trail references the designation of some areas as protected areas , and explains problems of measures that affect the environment, such as river regulation.
Average sunshine duration is 1766 hours per year.
The Gustav-Adolf natural spring, near Weikershof, by the River
COAT OF ARMS
Until the end of the 18th century, the administration of
Since 2002 Thomas Jung, (SPD ), has been the First Mayor.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
* Paisley (
ECONOMY AND INFRASTRUCTURE
Solar power collection on former landfill at Atzenhof
As of March 2016, unemployment in
The toy industry is a major employer in the
Brewing was once important in Fürth. The five large breweries were Humbser, Geismann, Grüner, Evora "> Map of European air traffic 1924 from the Nordisk familjebok
In 1914, an aerodrome was built at Atzenhof for the Third Bavarian
Army Corps, which was extended in the following years. After the First
World War , it became "Fürth–Nuremberg" international airport,
which saved it from being completely dismantled. Fürth-Nuremberg
Airport was the eighth largest of the 88 German airports. The
importance of the airport increased further when Junkers transferred
first its central repair workshop, and then the final assembly line
for its aircraft from Dessau to Fürth. Under the Nazis , the airport
at Atzenhof was expanded and used as a flying school. After
There was a second airport built at Fürth-Hardhöhe by the Gothaer Waggonfabrik , later called Industrieflughafen. It existed from 1919 until 6. April 1955. 1919-1938 Gothaer Waggonfabrik, 1939-1945 Bachmann, v.Blumenthal, 1945-1949 U.S. Army Airfield R-30 and 1949-1955 "International Airport Nürnberg-Fürth".
The first railway line with steam trains in
A canal between
Local Public Transport
Public transport is managed by Infra Fürth.
The Fürther Nachrichten is published daily . It was first published in 1946 as a local page in Nürnberger Nachrichten ; today it is a separate newspaper but is in fact the same newspaper as Nürnberger Nachrichten with some additional sections for the town and the rural district of Fürth, respectively.
Another publishing company in
COMPANIES IN FüRTH
The mail-order business Quelle, now merged with Karstadt to form KarstadtQuelle , was founded by Gustav Schickedanz on 26 October 1927. KarstadtQuelle Versicherungen, an insurance arm, was created in 1984.
Uvex headquarters and a manufacturing unit are in Fürth.
The toy manufacturers Simba Dickie Group (Simba, Dickie, BIG) and Bruder are based in Fürth.
In Fürth, there are a total of 22 elementary schools . There are
also 3 high schools (gymnasia ), in order of foundation:
Hardenberg-Gymnasium (1833), Heinrich-Schliemann-Gymnasium (1896), and
Helene-Lange-Gymnasium (1907). There are two "commercial" schools
At Scherbsgraben, there was an indoor and an outdoor swimming pool, a diving pool with a 10-metre tower, a large pool for non-swimmers and a sauna. The 50-year-old facilities are currently being completely renovated. When finished, as well as the open-air pool, which was opened in June 2006 with restricted operation, there will also be a new thermal spa (called Fürthermare), which is to open at the end of 2007. When finished, the complex will no longer be run by the municipal authorities but will be completely privatized.
CULTURE AND SIGHTS
The municipal theatre (Stadttheater Fürth) was built by the Viennese theatre architects Fellner "> Gauklerbrunnen at the "Grüner Markt", 2004
The city centre is typified by the streets with intact architecture from the 19th and early 20th centuries. In the old town, around the Church of St. Michael, there are ensembles of buildings from the 17th and 18th centuries. Of particular note is the Hornschuch Promenade with Gründerzeit and Jugendstil apartment houses. The Südstadt, the southern part of the town, also has many historic buildings, but these tend to be former workers' tenements, so the house fronts are less grand. A lot of frame and freestones houses from 17.-19. century can be found in quarters and suburbs, f.e. Poppenreuth, Burgfarrnbach, Vach and Dambach.
The Rathaus, built in the Italian style by Friedrich Bürklein
between 1840 and 1850, is modelled on the
* The Jewish Museum in Franconia' (Königstraße 89), which also has
a branch in
Schnaittach , was opened in 1999. The main part of the
house goes back to the 17th century; Jewish families lived here until
the late 19th century. The stucco ceilings, a historic
Sukkah and a
The Catholic Church of Our Lady (1824-1828) is a Classical building,
as is the
Hotel-Pyramide on the east bank of the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal with a glass outside facade
The renovated LIERSHOF was built in 1621 as a two-story stone-block building with high house ends and a two-story timber-framed spire.
The LOCHNERSCHE GARTENHAUS (Theaterstraße 33) was built about 1700; the polygonal staircase tower was probably added about 1750.
FüRTH RATHAUS (TOWN HALL), with its 55 m high tower in the Italian
style, was built in 1840-50 by Georg Friedrich Christian Bürklein
with the help of Eduard Bürklein, both students of Friedrich von
Gärtner. The tower is modelled on the
The STATION BUILDING of the historic main rail station was designed by Eduard Rüber and built in 1863/1864. in front of main station is CENTAURENBRUNNEN, in naturalistic and neo baroque style. 1890 it was created by Rudolf Maison and was built to celebrate railway and water supply in Fürth.
The former abattoir, now a "cultural" centre is to be found below the Stadthalle near the River Rednitz.
On the Schwabacher Straße is a brewery with buildings from the beginning of the 20th century.
The GAUKLERBRUNNEN, (2004), created by Harro Frey at the Grüner Markt is the most recent fountain in Fürth; it comprises 3 independent groups of figures, two of which are connected by water elements.
SCHLOSS BURGFARRNBACH (BURGFARRNBACH PALACE) built in 1830 - 1834 is South Germany's largest neo-classical palace. It was built by Leonhard Schmidtner as residence for the counts of Pückler-Limpurg. Since the 1980s it is used as municipal archive, academic library, for concerts and special exhibitions and Stadtmuseum depot.
SCHLOSS STEINACH is a manor house from 17. century.
The STADTPARK (municipal park) is by the Pegnitz and there is a gradual transition to the water meadows further down the river. As well as paths and park benches, the park offers duck ponds, a children's playground, a minigolf course, a rose garden, a grassland orchard laid out in 2001, a few statues, and a botanical educational (school project) garden.
In the latter half of 2004 the SüDSTADTPARK, on a former barracks, was opened to the public.
* May: Burgfarrnbach fair (Bürgerfest)
* Spring: International Klezmer Festival
* Spring and Autumn: Grafflmarkt flea market
* John P. Bauer , (1925- ; born in Fürth), food industry trader and
Max Bernstein , (1854–1925; born in Fürth), lawyer, art- and
theatre critic and author.
Leopold Ullstein by Oscar Begas, 1882
* Wilhelm Löhe (1808–1872; born in Fürth), Lutheran pastor * Jean Mandel (1911-1974; born in Fürth), footballer and politician, Bavarian senator * Alfred Louis Nathan (1870-1922), philanthropist de:Alfred Nathan (Philanthrop) * Julius Ochs (1826–1888; born in Fürth), father of Adolph Ochs , publisher of New York Times * Edgar Rosenberg (1925-2015; born in Fürth), American scholar and Cornell University professor * Arthur Rosenthal (1887-1959), mathematician * Gustav Schickedanz (1895–1977; born in Fürth), German entrepreneur. * Alfred Schwarzmann (1912-2000), gymnastic and olympic athlete * Martin Segitz (1853-1927), union leader and politician (SPD) * Leopold Ullstein (1826–1899; born in Fürth), important German publisher. * Jakob Wassermann (1873–1934; born in Fürth), writer and novelist
* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.
* ^ literally "government district"
* ^ 1000 Jahre
* Bender, Oliver (1999). Doctoral dissertation: Die Entwicklung der
LITERATURE (IN GERMAN)
* Georg Dehio: Handbuch der deutschen Kunstdenkmäler. Bayern. Bd I.
Franken. Deutscher Kunstverlag,
LITERATURE (IN ENGLISH)
* Simon Pearce: Bridget and Jane. A children's audio series set in
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