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EVONNE GOOLAGONG CAWLEY AO , MBE (born 31 July 1951) is an Australian former World No. 1 tennis player. She was one of the world's leading players in the 1970s and early 1980s, during which she won 14 Grand Slam titles: seven in singles (four at the Australian Open
Australian Open
, two at Wimbledon and one at the French Open
French Open
), six in women's doubles, and one in mixed doubles.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Career and Grand Slam success * 3 Life after touring * 4 Awards and recognition

* 5 Personal life

* 5.1 Biography

* 6 Career statistics

* 6.1 Records

* 7 Footnotes * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

EARLY LIFE

Born Evonne Fay Goolagong, she is the third of eight children from an Australian Aboriginal family. Her parents, Kenny Goolagong (an itinerant sheep shearer ) and Melinda, are members of the Wiradjuri people. She was born in Griffith , New South Wales , and grew up in the small country town of Barellan . Although Aboriginal people faced widespread discrimination in rural Australia
Australia
at this time, Goolagong was able to play tennis in Barellan from childhood thanks to a local resident, Bill Kurtzman, who saw her peering through the fence at the local courts and encouraged her to come in and play. In 1965, Vic Edwards, the proprietor of a tennis school in Sydney
Sydney
, was tipped off by two of his assistants and travelled to Barellan to take a look at the young Goolagong and immediately saw her potential. He persuaded Goolagong's parents to allow her to move to Sydney, where she attended Willoughby Girls High School . Here, she completed her School Certificate in 1968 and was at the same time coached by Edwards and lived in his household.

CAREER AND GRAND SLAM SUCCESS

Goolagong Cawley is 12th on the list of all-time singles grand slam winners level with Venus Williams
Venus Williams
and ended her career with 82 singles titles. She took singles and doubles titles at the Australian and French Opens and Wimbledon, but she was unable to win any title at the US Open. She won seven Grand Slam singles titles in her career, reaching a total of eighteen Grand Slam singles finals. During the 1970s, she played in seventeen Grand Slam singles finals, a period record for any player, man or woman. From her first Grand Slam singles final appearance in January 1971 to December 1977 when she won her last Grand Slam of the 1970s, she played in 21 Grand Slam events. Her only four defeats prior to the finals came at the US Open 1972 in the third round; Wimbledon 1974 where she was defeated in a quarterfinal; and she lost at the semifinal stage at both the French Open
French Open
and Wimbledon in 1973. In 1971, 1975, 1976 and 1977, Goolagong reached the final of every Grand Slam in which she competed. Between 1973 and 1978, she reached the final of almost every Grand Slam singles event she entered. The sole exception was Wimbledon, where she played in only two finals in that period, 1975 and 1976, losing both; she lost in 1973 to eventual champion Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
in the semi-finals, in 1974 to Australian Kerry Melville at the quarter-final stage, and in 1978 to eventual champion Martina Navratilova in the semi-finals; she did not enter in 1977, the year her daughter was born. Also in 1974, Goolagong Cawley teamed up with Peggy Michel to win the Ladies' Doubles title. She has won the women's doubles title at the Australian Open five times and the French Open
French Open
once, as well as mixed doubles at the French Open
French Open
once.

Following her victory at the season-ending WTA Championships in 1976 - known at the time as the Virginia Slims Championships - her sixth tournament victory of the year, Goolagong Cawley continued to play on the WTA tour until 1983, but never again played a full season. After her victory over Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in the WTA Championship, she only played in two tournaments for the remainder of 1976, losing in both finals to Evert (Wimbledon "> Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Park, Barellan

Goolagong Cawley was awarded Australian of the Year in 1971. She was appointed an MBE in 1972 and made an Officer of the Order of Australia (AO) in 1982. In 1985 she was inducted into the Sport Australia
Australia
Hall of Fame . In 1988, Cawley was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame .

In 1972, she played in a segregated South African tournament. To spare her the discrimination experienced by non-whites, the South African authorities classified her as an honorary white .

The Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley Trophy, awarded to the female champion at the Brisbane International
Brisbane International
, is named in her honour.

In 1993, the State Transit Authority named a RiverCat ferry in Sydney after her. This rivercat travels daily from Parramatta to Circular Quay.

The National Museum of Australia
Australia
holds the Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley collection of memorabilia. This includes her 1971 and 1980 Wimbledon singles trophies, the trophy from her 1974 doubles win and two racquets used in these tournaments. The museum's collection also includes a signed warm-up jacket and a dress with a bolero style top designed by Ted Tinling in the early 1970s.

Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
is a minor character in the play Frost/Nixon .

In February 2016 she and ten fellow Australian tennis players were honoured by Australia
Australia
Post as the recipients of the 2016 Australia Post Legends Award and appeared on a postage stamp set named Australian Legends of Singles Tennis.

In April 2016 Goolagong Cawley was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of South Australia
Australia
in recognition of her distinguished service to the community.

PERSONAL LIFE

While competing in the doubles event of the Wimbledon warm up event in Eastbourne
Eastbourne
, Goolagong married former junior British tennis player Roger Cawley in London on 19 June 1975. She continued in the tournament, losing two days later in the final partnering with Olga Morozova . As the draw had already taken place prior to the marriage ceremony, Wimbledon was unable to record her entry as Mrs. R.A. Cawley in the official draw sheet until the second round. Following her wedding, Cawley settled in Naples, Florida
Naples, Florida
.

After living in the U.S. for eight years, the couple bought a home in Noosa Heads, Queensland
Noosa Heads, Queensland
, where they settled with their two United States-born children, Kelly and Morgan. Daughter Kelly (born 1977) helps run her tennis camps, and son Morgan Kiema Cawley (born 1981) was a National Soccer League player.

BIOGRAPHY

* Home! The Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Story, Goolagong Cawley, Evonne and Jarrett, Phil (1993), ISBN 0-7318-0381-7

CAREER STATISTICS

Main article: Evonne Goolagong career statistics

KEY W F SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

TOURNAMENT 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 SR

Australian Open
Australian Open
3R 3R 2R QF F F F W W W A W A A 2R QF 2R A 4 / 14

French Open
French Open
A A A A W F SF A A A A A A A A A 3R 1 / 4

Wimbledon A A A 2R W F SF QF F F A SF SF W A 2R A 2 / 11

US Open A A A A A 3R F F F F A A QF A A A A 0 / 6

SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 2 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 1 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 1 7 / 35

Year-end ranking – – – – – – – – 5 2 – 3 4 5 – 17 37

Note: The Australian Open
Australian Open
was held twice in '77, in January and December. Goolagong won the December edition. She was seeded #4 for the 1980 US Open Championships , but withdrew from the tournament before play began.

RECORDS

* These records were attained in the Open Era of tennis. * Records in BOLD indicate peer-less achievements.

Championship Years Record accomplished Player tied

FRENCH OPEN 1971 WON TITLE ON THE FIRST ATTEMPT STANDS ALONE

Australian Open
Australian Open
1974–1976 3 consecutive titles Margaret Court
Margaret Court
Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
Monica Seles
Monica Seles
Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1971–1976 6 consecutive finals Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1971–1977 7 finals overall Serena Williams
Serena Williams

Australian Open 1975–1977 3 wins without losing a set Steffi Graf

US OPEN 1973–1976 4 CONSECUTIVE RUNNERS-UP STANDS ALONE

FOOTNOTES

* A Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
and Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
also hold these records; however, they attained those in the pre- Open Era . * B The Australian Open
Australian Open
was held twice in 1977, in January and December. Goolagong did not play in the January edition but made the final in the December tournament.

SEE ALSO

* Tennis
Tennis
portal

* List of female tennis players * Tennis
Tennis
performance timeline comparisons

REFERENCES

* ^ Judy Klemesrud (1 November 1980). "Goolagong discusses aborigine roots". The Day . p. 11 – via Google News Archive
Google News Archive
. * ^ Matt Majendie, for CNN (30 January 2015). "Evonne Goolagong: Defying prejudice to become a star". CNN. * ^ "US Open – Women\'s Singles Champions 1887-2015". www.usopen.org. USTA
USTA
. * ^ Computer glitch denied Goolagong No. 1 WTA ranking in \'76, Associated Press, ESPN Sports, 31 December 2007. * ^ A B John Roberts (20 April 1993). "Where Are they Now? Evonne Goolagong". The Independent
The Independent
. * ^ Grand Slam champ Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
uses camp to search for next aboriginal player or coach, 13 January 2008, By Dennis Passa, AP Sports Writer, USA Today. * ^ Lewis, Wendy (2010). Australians of the Year. Pier 9 Press. ISBN 978-1-74196-809-5 . * ^ "Evonne Cawley AO MBE". Sport Australia
Australia
Hall of Fame . Retrieved 5 September 2013. * ^ "How the Daughter of an Ancient Race Made It Out of the Australian Outback". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times Magazine
The New York Times Magazine
. 29 August 1971. * ^ Brisbane International
Brisbane International
women\'s trophy named in honour of Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley, Courier Mail, 23 December 2011 * ^ "National Museum of Australia
Australia
- Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley tennis collection". * ^ "Aussie tennis legends immortalised on stamps". tennis.com.au. Tennis
Tennis
Australia
Australia
. 10 February 2016. * ^ "Australian Legends of Singles Tennis". Australia
Australia
Post . * ^ Michèle Nardelli; Mary-Jane McArdle (April 2016). "A break from tradition in honouring Australian role models". University of South Australia
Australia
. Retrieved 31 December 2016. * ^ Thomas Rogers (20 June 1975). "People in Sports". The New York Times . p. 14. * ^ "Evonne Gives Birth to Daughter". Sarasota Herald-Tribune . AP. 13 May 1977. p. 3F – via Google News Archive
Google News Archive
. * ^ Evonne Goolagong, Tennis
Tennis
Champion – 25 May 1998 – SI Vault .. ..whose '93 autobiography, Home! The Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Story, was an Australian bestseller.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has