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Evonne Fay Goolagong Cawley, AC, MBE (born 31 July 1951) is an Australian former World No. 1 tennis player. She was one of the world's leading players in the 1970s and early 1980s, during which she won 14 Grand Slam titles: seven in singles (four at the Australian Open, two at Wimbledon and one at the French Open), six in women's doubles, and one in mixed doubles.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career and Grand Slam success 3 Life after touring 4 Awards and recognition 5 Personal life

5.1 Biography

6 Career statistics

6.1 Records

7 Footnotes 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Born Evonne Fay Goolagong, she is the third of eight children[1] from an Australian Aboriginal family. Her parents, Kenny Goolagong (an itinerant sheep shearer) and Melinda, are members of the Wiradjuri people. She was born in Griffith, New South Wales, and grew up in the small country town of Barellan. Although Aboriginal people faced widespread discrimination in rural Australia
Australia
at this time, Goolagong was able to play tennis in Barellan from childhood thanks to a local resident, Bill Kurtzman, who saw her peering through the fence at the local courts and encouraged her to come in and play.[2] In 1965, Vic Edwards, the proprietor of a tennis school in Sydney, was tipped off by two of his assistants and travelled to Barellan to take a look at the young Goolagong and immediately saw her potential. He persuaded Goolagong's parents to allow her to move to Sydney, where she attended Willoughby Girls High School. Here, she completed her School Certificate in 1968 and was at the same time coached by Edwards and lived in his household. Career and Grand Slam success[edit] Goolagong Cawley is 12th on the list of all-time singles grand slam winners level with Venus Williams
Venus Williams
and ended her career with 82 singles titles. She took singles and doubles titles at the Australian and French Opens and Wimbledon, but she was unable to win any title at the US Open. She won seven Grand Slam singles titles in her career, reaching a total of eighteen Grand Slam singles finals. During the 1970s, she played in seventeen Grand Slam singles finals, a period record for any player, man or woman. From her first Grand Slam singles final appearance in January 1971 to December 1977 when she won her last Grand Slam of the 1970s, she played in 21 Grand Slam events. Her only four defeats prior to the finals came at the US Open 1972 in the third round; Wimbledon 1974 where she was defeated in a quarterfinal; and she lost at the semifinal stage at both the French Open
French Open
and Wimbledon in 1973. In 1971, 1975, 1976 and 1977, Goolagong reached the final of every Grand Slam in which she competed. Between 1973 and 1978, she reached the final of almost every Grand Slam singles event she entered. The sole exception was Wimbledon, where she played in only two finals in that period, 1975 and 1976, losing both; she lost in 1973 to eventual champion Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
in the semi-finals, in 1974 to Australian Kerry Melville at the quarter-final stage, and in 1978 to eventual champion Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
in the semi-finals; she did not enter in 1977, the year her daughter was born. Also in 1974, Goolagong Cawley teamed up with Peggy Michel to win the Ladies' Doubles title. She has won the women's doubles title at the Australian Open five times and the French Open
French Open
once, as well as mixed doubles at the French Open
French Open
once. Following her victory at the season-ending WTA Championships in 1976[3] – known at the time as the Virginia Slims Championships – her sixth tournament victory of the year, Goolagong Cawley continued to play on the WTA tour until 1983, but never again played a full season. After her victory over Chris Evert
Chris Evert
in the WTA Championship, she only played in two tournaments for the remainder of 1976, losing in both finals to Evert (Wimbledon & US Open). She focused instead on WTT Team Tennis
Tennis
and exhibition events. Goolagong Cawley realized during the 1976 US Open final that she was pregnant and did not play again on the regular tour until the late summer of 1977, continuing through to Wimbledon 1978. An ankle injury forced her to miss the remainder of 1978 (other than an exhibition event played in December) and she did not return to competitive play until March 1979. Injuries at the beginning of 1980 kept her away from the tour for many weeks in the first six months of the year, but she returned in triumph at Wimbledon, yet only played three further tournaments for the remainder of the year after her final grand slam victory, these being the US Clay Court Championship where she lost in a semi-final to Andrea Jaeger and the Canadian Open where she lost in a quarterfinal match. She withdrew from the US Open where she had been seeded fourth, due to a recurring back injury and in the early stages of her second pregnancy, although she did play the Australian Open championships at the end of the year. Goolagong Cawley was then absent for almost all of 1981, returning to tournament play in Australia towards the end of the year and reaching the quarter-finals of the Australian Open. She played sporadically throughout 1982, before retiring after Wimbledon 1983. She is the only mother to have won the Wimbledon title since Dorothea Lambert Chambers in 1914. Married to Roger Cawley in 1975, she had a daughter in 1977 and won the 1980 Wimbledon title. Goolagong Cawley reached four consecutive US Open singles finals, from 1973 to 1976, but lost them all. She is the only player in the open era of the event to have lost four consecutive finals and the only woman to do so in U.S. championships history.[4] Goolagong Cawley made seven consecutive finals at the Australian Open, winning four titles in a row, both records for the open era, although she did not compete in the January 1977 event. Despite reaching the final at her first two appearances in 1971 and 1972, after 1973 Goolagong Cawley did not compete at the French Open
French Open
for a decade. She returned in 1983 for her final Grand Slam singles appearance. She lost in the last thirty-two to Chris Evert
Chris Evert
and did not compete in any further Grand Slam singles events. Her last appearance at Grand Slam level came at the following 1983 Wimbledon Championships
Wimbledon Championships
when she partnered Sue Barker
Sue Barker
to a first round defeat in the doubles, having withdrawn from the singles event earlier. Her career win-loss percentage was 81.01% (704–165). Her win-loss performance in all Grand Slam singles tournaments was 82.09% (133–29), at the French Open, 84.21% (16–3), at Wimbledon, 83.33% (50–10), at the US Open, 81.25% (26–6), and at the Australian Open, 80.39% (41–10). Goolagong Cawley was ranked number one in women's world tennis for two weeks in 1976, though it was not reported at the time because incomplete data were used to calculate the rankings. This was discovered in December 2007, 31 years later. She was the second woman to hold the top spot, but the 16th at the time she was finally recognized.[5] Life after touring[edit] Goolagong Cawley spent some time as the touring professional at the Hilton Head Racquet Club in South Carolina before returning to Australia.[6] Goolagong Cawley was a member of the Board of the Australian Sports Commission from 1995 to 1997 and since 1997 has held the position of Sports Ambassador to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Communities. She was appointed captain of the Australian Fed Cup
Fed Cup
team in 2002. In 2003, she was winner for the Oceania region of the International Olympic Committee's 2003 Women and Sports Trophy. Cawley also runs an annual "Goolagong National Development Camp", with the aim of encouraging Aboriginal children to stay in school through playing competitive tennis.[7] Awards and recognition[edit]

Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Park, Barellan

Goolagong Cawley was awarded Australian of the Year
Australian of the Year
in 1971.[8] She was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire
Member of the Order of the British Empire
in 1972 and made an Officer of the Order of Australia
Australia
in 1982. In 1985 she was inducted into the Sport Australia
Australia
Hall of Fame.[9] In 1988, Cawley was inducted into the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame. In 2018 Gooolagong Cawley was advanced to a Companion of the Order of Australia
Australia
"for eminent service to tennis as a player at the national and international level, as an ambassador, supporter and advocate for the health, education and wellbeing of young Indigenous people through participation in sport, and as a role model".[10] In 1972, she played in a segregated South African tournament. To spare her the discrimination experienced by non-whites, the South African authorities classified her as an honorary white.[11] In 1978 and 1980, she was awarded the WTA Sportsmanship Award. The Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley Trophy, awarded to the female champion at the Brisbane International, is named in her honour.[12] In 1993, the State Transit Authority
State Transit Authority
named a RiverCat ferry in Sydney after her. This rivercat travels daily from Parramatta to Circular Quay. The National Museum of Australia
Australia
holds the Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley collection of memorabilia. This includes her 1971 and 1980 Wimbledon singles trophies, the trophy from her 1974 doubles win and two racquets used in these tournaments. The museum's collection also includes a signed warm-up jacket and a dress with a bolero style top designed by Ted Tinling
Ted Tinling
in the early 1970s.[13] Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
is a minor character in the play Frost/Nixon. In February 2016 she and ten fellow Australian tennis players were honoured by Australia
Australia
Post as the recipients of the 2016 Australia Post Legends Award and appeared on a postage stamp set named Australian Legends of Singles Tennis.[14][15] In April 2016 Goolagong Cawley was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University of South Australia
Australia
in recognition of her distinguished service to the community.[16] Personal life[edit] While competing in the doubles event of the Wimbledon warm up event in Eastbourne, Goolagong married former junior British tennis player Roger Cawley in London on 19 June 1975.[17] She continued in the tournament, losing two days later in the final partnering with Olga Morozova. As the draw had already taken place prior to the marriage ceremony, Wimbledon was unable to record her entry as Mrs. R.A. Cawley in the official draw sheet until the second round. Following her wedding, Cawley settled in Naples, Florida. After living in the U.S. for eight years, the couple bought a home in Noosa Heads, Queensland, where they settled with their two United States-born children, Kelly and Morgan. Daughter Kelly (born 1977)[18] helps run her tennis camps, and son Morgan Kiema Cawley (born 1981)[6] was a National Soccer League player. Biography[edit]

Home! The Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Story, Goolagong Cawley, Evonne and Jarrett, Phil (1993), ISBN 0-7318-0381-7[19]

Career statistics[edit] Main article: Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
career statistics

Key

W  F  SF QF #R RR Q# A NH

(W) Won; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (A) absent; (NH) not held.

Tournament 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 SR

Australian Open 3R 3R 2R QF F F F W W W A W A A 2R QF 2R A 4 / 14

French Open A A A A W F SF A A A A A A A A A 3R 1 / 4

Wimbledon A A A 2R W F SF QF F F A SF SF W A 2R A 2 / 11

US Open A A A A A 3R F F F F A A QF A A A A 0 / 6

SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 2 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 4 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 3 1 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 2 1 / 2 0 / 1 0 / 2 0 / 1 7 / 35

Year-end ranking – – – – – – – – 5 2 – 3 4 5 – 17 37

Note: The Australian Open
Australian Open
was held twice in '77, in January and December. Goolagong won the December edition. She was seeded #4 for the 1980 US Open Championships, but withdrew from the tournament before play began. Records[edit]

These records were attained in the Open Era
Open Era
of tennis. Records in bold indicate peer-less achievements.

Championship Years Record accomplished Player tied

French Open 1971 Won title on the first attempt Stands alone

Australian Open 1974–1976 3 consecutive titles Margaret Court Steffi Graf Monica Seles Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1971–1976 6 consecutive finals Martina Hingis

Australian Open 1971–1977[b] 7 finals overall Serena Williams

Australian Open 1975–1977[b] 3 wins without losing a set Steffi Graf

US Open 1973–1976 4 consecutive runners-up Stands alone

Footnotes[edit]

a Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
and Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
also hold these records; however, they attained those in the pre-Open Era. b The Australian Open
Australian Open
was held twice in 1977, in January and December. Goolagong did not play in the January edition but made the final in the December tournament.

See also[edit]

Tennis
Tennis
portal

List of female tennis players Tennis
Tennis
performance timeline comparisons

References[edit]

^ Judy Klemesrud (1 November 1980). "Goolagong discusses aborigine roots". The Day. p. 11 – via Google News Archive.  ^ Matt Majendie, for CNN (30 January 2015). "Evonne Goolagong: Defying prejudice to become a star". CNN.  ^ Joe Jares (April 26, 1976). "A net gain for concentration". Sports Illustrated. Vol. 44 no. 17. pp. 28–30, 33.  ^ "US Open – Women's Singles Champions 1887–2015". www.usopen.org. USTA.  ^ Computer glitch denied Goolagong No. 1 WTA ranking in '76, Associated Press, ESPN Sports, 31 December 2007. ^ a b John Roberts (20 April 1993). "Where Are they Now? Evonne Goolagong". The Independent.  ^ Grand Slam champ Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
uses camp to search for next aboriginal player or coach, 13 January 2008, By Dennis Passa, AP Sports Writer, USA Today. ^ Lewis, Wendy (2010). Australians of the Year. Pier 9 Press. ISBN 978-1-74196-809-5.  ^ "Evonne Cawley AO MBE". Sport Australia
Australia
Hall of Fame. Retrieved 5 September 2013.  ^ " Australia
Australia
Day Honours 2018: The full list". The Sydney
Sydney
Morning Herald. 2018-01-26. Retrieved 2018-01-25.  ^ "How the Daughter of an Ancient Race Made It Out of the Australian Outback". www.nytimes.com. The New York Times
The New York Times
Magazine. 29 August 1971.  ^ Brisbane International
Brisbane International
women's trophy named in honour of Evonne Goolagong Cawley, Courier Mail, 23 December 2011 ^ "National Museum of Australia
Australia
Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley tennis collection".  ^ "Aussie tennis legends immortalised on stamps". tennis.com.au. Tennis
Tennis
Australia. 10 February 2016.  ^ "Australian Legends of Singles Tennis". Australia
Australia
Post.  ^ Michèle Nardelli; Mary-Jane McArdle (April 2016). "A break from tradition in honouring Australian role models". University of South Australia. Retrieved 31 December 2016.  ^ Thomas Rogers (20 June 1975). "People in Sports". The New York Times. p. 14.  ^ "Evonne Gives Birth to Daughter". Sarasota Herald-Tribune. AP. 13 May 1977. p. 3F – via Google News Archive.  ^ Evonne Goolagong, Tennis
Tennis
Champion – 25 May 1998 – SI Vault .. ..whose '93 autobiography, Home! The Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Story, was an Australian bestseller.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Evonne Goolagong.

Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley at the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley at the International Tennis
Tennis
Hall of Fame Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley at the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley at the Fed Cup
Fed Cup
Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley at Tennis
Tennis
Australia

Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley (Achievement predecessor & successor)

Sporting positions

Preceded by Chris Evert World No. 1 26 April 1976 - 10 May 1976 Succeeded by Chris Evert

Awards

Preceded by Cardinal Sir Norman Gilroy Australian of the Year
Australian of the Year
Award 1971 Succeeded by Shane Gould

Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley in the Grand Slam Tournaments

v t e

Women's tennis players who won two or more Grand Slam singles titles in one calendar year

Four wins

1953: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker 1970: Margaret Court 1988: Steffi Graf

Three wins

1928: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1929: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI&US) 1962: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1965: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI&US) 1969: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1972: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(FO&WI&US) 1973: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO&US) 1983: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI&US) 1984: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI&US) 1989: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(AO&WI&US) 1991: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1992: Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(AO&FO&US) 1993: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1995: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1996: Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(FO&WI&US) 1997: Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(AO&WI&US) 2002: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&WI&US) 2015: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&FO&WI)

Two wins

1925: Suzanne Lenglen
Suzanne Lenglen
(FO&WI) 1927: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (WI&US) 1930: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1931: Cilly Aussem
Cilly Aussem
(FO&WI) 1932: Helen Wills
Helen Wills
Moody (FO&WI) 1939: Alice Marble
Alice Marble
(WI&US) 1946: Pauline Betz
Pauline Betz
Addie (WI&US) 1949: Margaret Osborne duPont
Margaret Osborne duPont
(FO&US) 1950: Louise Bough Clapp (AO&WI) 1952: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (WI&US) 1954: Maureen Connolly
Maureen Connolly
Brinker (FO&WI) 1956: Shirley Fry Irvin
Shirley Fry Irvin
(WI&US) 1957: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1958: Althea Gibson
Althea Gibson
(WI&US) 1959: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1960: Darlene Hard (FO&US) 1963: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&WI) 1964: Margaret Court
Margaret Court
(AO&FO) 1964: Maria Bueno
Maria Bueno
(WI&US) 1967: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(WI&US) 1968: Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
(AO&WI) 1971: Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley (FO&WI) 1974: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&WI) 1975: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1976: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(WI&US) 1980: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(FO&US) 1982: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(FO&WI) 1982: Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(AO&US) 1985: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(AO&WI) 1986: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1987: Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(WI&US) 1994: Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(FO&US) 2000: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2001: Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(AO&FO) 2001: Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(WI&US) 2003: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2003: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2006: Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(AO&WI) 2007: Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(FO&US) 2009: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2010: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(AO&WI) 2012: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(WI&US) 2013: Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(FO&US) 2016: Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(AO&US)

AO=Australian Open, FO=French Open, WI=Wimbledon, US=US Open

v t e

Australian Open
Australian Open
girls’ singles champions

1969 Lesley Hunt 1970 Evonne Goolagong 1971 Pat Coleman 1972 Pat Coleman 1973 Chris O’Neil 1974 Jennifer Walker 1975 Sue Barker 1976 Sue Saliba 1977 (Jan) Pamela Baily 1977 (Dec) Amanda Tobin 1978 Elizabeth Little 1979 Anne Minter 1980 Anne Minter 1981 Anne Minter 1982 Amanda Brown 1983 Amanda Brown 1984 Annabel Croft 1985 Jenny Byrne 1987 Michelle Jaggard 1988 Jo-Anne Faull 1989 Kim Kessaris 1990 Magdalena Maleeva 1991 Nicole Pratt 1992 Joanne Limmer 1993 Heike Rusch 1994 Trudi Musgrave 1995 Siobhan Drake-Brockman 1996 Magdalena Grzybowska 1997 Mirjana Lučić 1998 Jelena Kostanić 1999 Virginie Razzano 2000 Anikó Kapros 2001 Jelena Janković 2002 Barbora Strýcová 2003 Barbora Strýcová 2004 Shahar Pe'er 2005 Victoria Azarenka 2006 Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova 2007 Anastasia Pavlyuchenkova 2008 Arantxa Rus 2009 Ksenia Pervak 2010 Karolína Plíšková 2011 An-Sophie Mestach 2012 Taylor Townsend 2013 Ana Konjuh 2014 Elizaveta Kulichkova 2015 Tereza Mihalíková 2016 Vera Lapko 2017 Marta Kostyuk 2018 Liang En-shuo

v t e

Australian Open
Australian Open
women's singles champions

(1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Margaret Court (1972) Virginia Wade (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Evonne Goolagong (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977 (Jan)) Kerry Reid (1977 (Dec)) Evonne Goolagong (1978) Chris O'Neil (1979) Barbara Jordan (1980) Hana Mandlíková (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Chris Evert (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Chris Evert (1985) Martina Navratilova (1987) Hana Mandlíková (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Steffi Graf (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Monica Seles (1994) Steffi Graf (1995) Mary Pierce (1996) Monica Seles (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Martina Hingis (2000) Lindsay Davenport (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Jennifer Capriati (2003) Serena Williams (2004) Justine Henin (2005) Serena Williams (2006) Amélie Mauresmo (2007) Serena Williams (2008) Maria Sharapova (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Serena Williams (2011) Kim Clijsters (2012) Victoria Azarenka (2013) Victoria Azarenka (2014) Li Na (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Angelique Kerber (2017) Serena Williams (2018) Caroline Wozniacki

v t e

French Open
French Open
women's singles champions

(1968) Nancy Richey (1969) Margaret Court (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Evonne Goolagong (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Margaret Court (1974) Chris Evert (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Sue Barker (1977) Mima Jaušovec (1978) Virginia Ruzici (1979) Chris Evert (1980) Chris Evert (1981) Hana Mandlíková (1982) Martina Navratilova (1983) Chris Evert (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Chris Evert (1986) Chris Evert (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Arantxa Sánchez (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Iva Majoli (1998) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1999) Steffi Graf (2000) Mary Pierce (2001) Jennifer Capriati (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Justine Henin (2004) Anastasia Myskina (2005) Justine Henin (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Ana Ivanovic (2009) Svetlana Kuznetsova (2010) Francesca Schiavone (2011) Li Na (2012) Maria Sharapova (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Maria Sharapova (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Garbiñe Muguruza (2017) Jeļena Ostapenko

v t e

Wimbledon (Open era) ladies' singles champions

(1968) Billie Jean King (1969) Ann Haydon-Jones (1970) Margaret Court (1971) Evonne Goolagong (1972) Billie Jean King (1973) Billie Jean King (1974) Chris Evert (1975) Billie Jean King (1976) Chris Evert (1977) Virginia Wade (1978) Martina Navratilova (1979) Martina Navratilova (1980) Evonne Goolagong (1981) Chris Evert (1982) Martina Navratilova (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Martina Navratilova (1986) Martina Navratilova (1987) Martina Navratilova (1988) Steffi Graf (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Martina Navratilova (1991) Steffi Graf (1992) Steffi Graf (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Conchita Martínez (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Martina Hingis (1998) Jana Novotná (1999) Lindsay Davenport (2000) Venus Williams (2001) Venus Williams (2002) Serena Williams (2003) Serena Williams (2004) Maria Sharapova (2005) Venus Williams (2006) Amélie Mauresmo (2007) Venus Williams (2008) Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Serena Williams (2011) Petra Kvitová (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Marion Bartoli (2014) Petra Kvitová (2015) Serena Williams (2016) Serena Williams (2017) Garbiñe Muguruza

v t e

Australian Open
Australian Open
women's doubles champions

(1969) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Judy Tegart Dalton (1970) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Judy Tegart Dalton (1971) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
/ Margaret Court (1972) Kerry Harris / Helen Gourlay Cawley (1973) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Virginia Wade (1974) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Peggy Michel (1975) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Peggy Michel (1976) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Helen Gourlay Cawley (1977 (Jan)) Dianne Fromholtz
Dianne Fromholtz
Balestrat / Helen Gourlay Cawley (1977 (Dec)) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Helen Gourlay Cawley & Mona Schallau Guerrant / Kerry Melville Reid (1978) Betsy Nagelsen / Renáta Tomanová (1979) Judy Connor Chaloner / Diane Evers
Diane Evers
Brown (1980) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Betsy Nagelsen (1981) Kathy Jordan / Anne Smith (1982) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1983) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1984) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1985) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1987) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1988) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1989) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1990) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Helena Suková (1991) Patty Fendick / Mary Joe Fernández (1992) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
/ Helena Suková (1993) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1994) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1995) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1996) Chanda Rubin
Chanda Rubin
/ Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1997) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Natalia Zvereva (1998) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Mirjana Lučić (1999) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Anna Kournikova (2000) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Rennae Stubbs (2001) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2002) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Anna Kournikova (2003) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2004) Virginia Ruano Pascual
Virginia Ruano Pascual
/ Paola Suárez (2005) Svetlana Kuznetsova
Svetlana Kuznetsova
/ Alicia Molik (2006) Yan Zi / Zheng Jie (2007) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2008) Alona Bondarenko
Alona Bondarenko
/ Kateryna Bondarenko (2009) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2010) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2011) Gisela Dulko
Gisela Dulko
/ Flavia Pennetta (2012) Svetlana Kuznetsova
Svetlana Kuznetsova
/ Vera Zvonareva (2013) Sara Errani
Sara Errani
/ Roberta Vinci (2014) Sara Errani
Sara Errani
/ Roberta Vinci (2015) Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
/ Lucie Šafářová (2016) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Sania Mirza (2017) Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
/ Lucie Šafářová (2018) Tímea Babos
Tímea Babos
/ Kristina Mladenovic

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Wimbledon (Open Era) ladies' doubles champions

(1968) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1969) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Judy Tegart Dalton (1970) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1971) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1972) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Betty Stöve (1973) Rosemary Casals / Billie Jean King (1974) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Peggy Michel (1975) Ann Kiyomura / Kazuko Sawamatsu (1976) Chris Evert
Chris Evert
/ Martina Navratilova (1977) Helen Gourlay Cawley / JoAnne Russell (1978) Kerry Melville Reid / Wendy Turnbull (1979) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Martina Navratilova (1980) Kathy Jordan / Anne Smith (1981) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1982) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1983) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1984) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1985) Kathy Jordan / Elizabeth Sayers Smylie (1986) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
/ Pam Shriver (1987) Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
Claudia Kohde-Kilsch
/ Helena Suková (1988) Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
/ Gabriela Sabatini (1989) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Helena Suková (1990) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Helena Suková (1991) Larisa Savchenko Neiland / Natalia Zvereva (1992) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1993) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1994) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natalia Zvereva (1995) Jana Novotná
Jana Novotná
/ Arantxa Sánchez Vicario (1996) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Helena Suková (1997) Gigi Fernández
Gigi Fernández
/ Natasha Zvereva (1998) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Jana Novotná (1999) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
/ Corina Morariu (2000) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2001) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Rennae Stubbs (2002) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2003) Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
/ Ai Sugiyama (2004) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Rennae Stubbs (2005) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2006) Yan Zi / Zheng Jie (2007) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Liezel Huber (2008) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2010) Vania King
Vania King
/ Yaroslava Shvedova (2011) Květa Peschke
Květa Peschke
/ Katarina Srebotnik (2012) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2013) Hsieh Su-wei
Hsieh Su-wei
/ Peng Shuai (2014) Sara Errani
Sara Errani
/ Roberta Vinci (2015) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Sania Mirza (2016) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
/ Venus Williams (2017) Ekaterina Makarova
Ekaterina Makarova
/ Elena Vesnina

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French Open
French Open
mixed doubles champions

1968–1970

(1968) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Jean-Claude Barclay (1969) Margaret Court
Margaret Court
/ Marty Riessen (1970) Billie Jean King
Billie Jean King
/ Bob Hewitt

1971–1980

(1971) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Jean-Claude Barclay (1972) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley / Kim Warwick (1973) Françoise Dürr
Françoise Dürr
/ Jean-Claude Barclay (1974) Martina Navrátilová / Iván Molina (1975) Fiorella Bonicelli / Thomas Koch (1976) Ilana Kloss
Ilana Kloss
/ Kim Warwick (1977) Mary Carillo / John McEnroe (1978) Renáta Tomanová / Pavel Složil (1979) Wendy Turnbull
Wendy Turnbull
/ Bob Hewitt (1980) Anne Smith / Billy Martin

1981–1990

(1981) Andrea Jaeger / Jimmy Arias (1982) Wendy Turnbull
Wendy Turnbull
/ John Lloyd (1983) Barbara Jordan / Eliot Teltscher (1984) Anne Smith / Dick Stockton (1985) Martina Navrátilová / Heinz Günthardt (1986) Kathy Jordan / Ken Flach (1987) Pam Shriver / Emilio Sánchez
Emilio Sánchez
Vicario (1988) Lori McNeil / Jorge Lozano (1989) Manon Bollegraf / Tom Nijssen (1990) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
/ Jorge Lozano

1991–2000

(1991) Helena Suková
Helena Suková
/ Cyril Suk (1992) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
/ Mark Woodforde (1993) Eugenia Maniokova / Andrei Olhovskiy (1994) Kristie Boogert
Kristie Boogert
/ Menno Oosting (1995) Larisa Neiland / Todd Woodbridge (1996) Patricia Tarabini / Javier Frana (1997) Rika Hiraki / Mahesh Bhupathi (1998) Venus Williams
Venus Williams
/ Justin Gimelstob (1999) Katarina Srebotnik
Katarina Srebotnik
/ Piet Norval (2000) Mariaan de Swardt / David Adams

2001–2010

(2001) Virginia Ruano Pascual
Virginia Ruano Pascual
/ Tomas Carbonell (2002) Cara Black
Cara Black
/ Wayne Black (2003) Lisa Raymond
Lisa Raymond
/ Mike Bryan (2004) Tatiana Golovin
Tatiana Golovin
/ Richard Gasquet (2005) Daniela Hantuchová
Daniela Hantuchová
/ Fabrice Santoro (2006) Katarina Srebotnik
Katarina Srebotnik
/ Nenad Zimonjić (2007) Nathalie Dechy
Nathalie Dechy
/ Andy Ram (2008) Victoria Azarenka
Victoria Azarenka
/ Bob Bryan (2009) Liezel Huber
Liezel Huber
/ Bob Bryan (2010) Katarina Srebotnik
Katarina Srebotnik
/ Nenad Zimonjić

2011–present

(2011) Casey Dellacqua
Casey Dellacqua
/ Scott Lipsky (2012) Sania Mirza
Sania Mirza
/ Mahesh Bhupathi (2013) Lucie Hradecká
Lucie Hradecká
/ František Čermák (2014) Anna-Lena Grönefeld
Anna-Lena Grönefeld
/ Jean-Julien Rojer (2015) Bethanie Mattek-Sands
Bethanie Mattek-Sands
/ Mike Bryan (2016) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
/ Leander Paes (2017) Gabriela Dabrowski
Gabriela Dabrowski
/ Rohan Bopanna

Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
Cawley achievements

v t e

Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA) world No. 1 singles players

Chris Evert
Chris Evert
(1975/1985 – 260 w) Evonne Goolagong
Evonne Goolagong
(1976 – 2 w) Martina Navratilova
Martina Navratilova
(1978/1987 – 331 w) Tracy Austin
Tracy Austin
(1980 – 22 w) Steffi Graf
Steffi Graf
(1987/1997 – 377 w) // Monica Seles
Monica Seles
(1991/1996 – 178 w) Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
Arantxa Sánchez Vicario
(1995 – 12 w) Martina Hingis
Martina Hingis
(1997/2001 – 209 w) Lindsay Davenport
Lindsay Davenport
(1998/2006 – 98 w) Jennifer Capriati
Jennifer Capriati
(2001/2002 – 17 w) Venus Williams
Venus Williams
(2002 – 11 w) Serena Williams
Serena Williams
(2002/2017 – 319 w) Kim Clijsters
Kim Clijsters
(2003/2011 – 20 w) Justine Henin
Justine Henin
(2003/2008 – 117 w) Amélie Mauresmo
Amélie Mauresmo
(2004/2006 – 39 w) Maria Sharapova
Maria Sharapova
(2005/2012 – 21 w) Ana Ivanovic
Ana Ivanovic
(2008 – 12 w) Jelena Janković
Jelena Janković
(2008/2009 – 18 w) Dinara Safina
Dinara Safina
(2009 – 26 w) Caroline Wozniacki
Caroline Wozniacki
(2010/2018 – 71 w) Victoria Azarenka
Victoria Azarenka
(2012/2013 – 51 w) Angelique Kerber
Angelique Kerber
(2016/2017 – 34 w) Karolína Plíšková
Karolína Plíšková
(2017 – 8 w) Garbiñe Muguruza
Garbiñe Muguruza
(2017 – 4 w) Simona Halep
Simona Halep
(2017/2018 – 22 w)

WTA rankings incepted on November 3, 1975 (year first held/year last held – number of weeks (w)) current No. 1 in bold, as of week of April 2, 2018[update]

v t e

WTA Year-end championships winners singles

(1972) Chris Evert (1973) Chris Evert (1974) Evonne Goolagong (1975) Chris Evert (1976) Evonne Goolagong (1977) Chris Evert (1978) Martina Navratilova (1979) Martina Navratilova (1980) Tracy Austin (1981) Martina Navratilova (1982) Sylvia Hanika (1983) Martina Navratilova (1984) Martina Navratilova (1985) Martina Navratilova (1986-1) Martina Navratilova (1986-2) Martina Navratilova (1987) Steffi Graf (1988) Gabriela Sabatini (1989) Steffi Graf (1990) Monica Seles (1991) Monica Seles (1992) Monica Seles (1993) Steffi Graf (1994) Gabriela Sabatini (1995) Steffi Graf (1996) Steffi Graf (1997) Jana Novotná (1998) Martina Hingis (1999) Lindsay Davenport (2000) Martina Hingis (2001) Serena Williams (2002) Kim Clijsters (2003) Kim Clijsters (2004) Maria Sharapova (2005) Amélie Mauresmo (2006) Justine Henin (2007) Justine Henin (2008) Venus Williams (2009) Serena Williams (2010) Kim Clijsters (2011) Petra Kvitová (2012) Serena Williams (2013) Serena Williams (2014) Serena Williams (2015) Agnieszka Radwańska (2016) Dominika Cibulková (2017) Caroline Wozniacki

v t e

Associated Press Female Athlete of the Year

1931: Helene Madison 1932: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1933: Helen Jacobs 1934: Virginia Van Wie 1935: Helen Wills 1936: Helen Stephens 1937: Katherine Rawls 1938: Patty Berg 1939: Alice Marble 1940: Alice Marble 1941: Betty Hicks 1942: Gloria Callen 1943: Patty Berg 1944: Ann Curtis 1945: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1946: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1947: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1948: Fanny Blankers-Koen 1949: Marlene Hagge 1950: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1951: Maureen Connolly 1952: Maureen Connolly 1953: Maureen Connolly 1954: Babe Didrikson Zaharias 1955: Patty Berg 1956: Pat McCormick 1957: Althea Gibson 1958: Althea Gibson 1959: Maria Bueno 1960: Wilma Rudolph 1961: Wilma Rudolph 1962: Dawn Fraser 1963: Mickey Wright 1964: Mickey Wright 1965: Kathy Whitworth 1966: Kathy Whitworth 1967: Billie Jean King 1968: Peggy Fleming 1969: Debbie Meyer 1970: Chi Cheng 1971: Evonne Goolagong 1972: Olga Korbut 1973: Billie Jean King 1974: Chris Evert 1975: Chris Evert 1976: Nadia Comăneci 1977: Chris Evert 1978: Nancy Lopez 1979: Tracy Austin 1980: Chris Evert 1981: Tracy Austin 1982: Mary Decker 1983: Martina Navratilova 1984: Mary Lou Retton 1985: Nancy Lopez 1986: Martina Navratilova 1987: Jackie Joyner-Kersee 1988: Florence Griffith Joyner 1989: Steffi Graf 1990: Beth Daniel 1991: Monica Seles 1992: Monica Seles 1993: Sheryl Swoopes 1994: Bonnie Blair 1995: Rebecca Lobo 1996: Amy Van Dyken 1997: Martina Hingis 1998: Pak Se-ri 1999: United States
United States
women's national soccer team 2000: Marion Jones 2001: Jennifer Capriati 2002: Serena Williams 2003: Annika Sörenstam 2004: Annika Sörenstam 2005: Annika Sörenstam 2006: Lorena Ochoa 2007: Lorena Ochoa 2008: Candace Parker 2009: Serena Williams 2010: Lindsey Vonn 2011: Abby Wambach 2012: Gabby Douglas 2013: Serena Williams 2014: Mo'ne Davis 2015: Serena Williams 2016: Simone Biles 2017: Katie Ledecky

v t e

Winners of the Australian of the Year
Australian of the Year
Award

1960 Frank Macfarlane Burnet 1961 Joan Sutherland 1962 Jock Sturrock 1963 John Eccles 1964 Dawn Fraser 1965 Robert Helpmann 1966 Jack Brabham 1967 The Seekers 1968 Lionel Rose 1969 Lord Casey 1970 Norman Gilroy 1971 Evonne Goolagong 1972 Shane Gould 1973 Patrick White 1974 Bernard Heinze 1975 John Cornforth/Alan Stretton 1976 Edward Dunlop 1977 Raigh Roe/Murray Tyrrell 1978 Alan Bond/Galarrwuy Yunupingu 1979 Neville Bonner/Harry Butler 1980 Manning Clark 1981 John Crawford 1982 Edward Williams 1983 Robert de Castella 1984 Lowitja O'Donoghue 1985 Paul Hogan 1986 Dick Smith 1987 John Farnham 1988 Kay Cottee 1989 Allan Border 1990 Fred Hollows 1991 Peter Hollingworth 1992 Mandawuy Yunupingu 1993 no award 1994 Ian Kiernan 1995 Arthur Boyd 1996 John Yu 1997 Peter Doherty 1998 Cathy Freeman 1999 Mark Taylor 2000 Gustav Nossal 2001 Peter Cosgrove 2002 Pat Rafter 2003 Fiona Stanley 2004 Steve Waugh 2005 Fiona Wood 2006 Ian Frazer 2007 Tim Flannery 2008 Lee Kernaghan 2009 Mick Dodson 2010 Patrick McGorry 2011 Simon McKeon 2012 Geoffrey Rush 2013 Ita Buttrose 2014 Adam Goodes 2015 Rosie Batty 2016 David Morrison 2017 Alan Mackay-Sim 2018 Michelle Simmons

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 23385195 LCCN: n50034284 ISNI: 0000 0000 8433 0533 GND: 112146

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