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EPPING FOREST is a local government district in Essex
Essex
, England
England
. It is named after, and contains a large part of, Epping Forest
Epping Forest
.

The district, though wholly within the county of Essex
Essex
, is partly contiguous with Greater London
Greater London
to the south and southwest, and the area around Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
, Chigwell
Chigwell
, Waltham Abbey and Loughton is statistically part of the Greater London
Greater London
Built-up Area . Epping Forest District also borders Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
both to the northeast and southwest of the neighbouring district of Harlow
Harlow
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Settlement * 2 History * 3 Transport * 4 Nature reserves

* 5 Politics

* 5.1 County Council * 5.2 Local government * 5.3 District council election results since 2002

* 6 List of parishes in Epping Forest
Epping Forest
district * 7 Notes and references * 8 External links

SETTLEMENT

The whole district is divided into civil parishes a majority of which, particularly in the north and east of the district are rural and sparsely populated for an area so close to London
London
; it includes the town of Chipping Ongar
Chipping Ongar
and surrounding villages. The south is more suburban and dominated by Loughton , the largest town in the district. Most of the District has a wide range of architectural styles and periods. Loughton is beside Epping Forest
Epping Forest
to the west and separated by farms, rivers and golf courses from other settlements in other directions. As an example of conserved physical geographic landscapes, the Roding Valley and Three Forests Way (one end of the Stort Valley Way and the other end connecting to the Harcamlow Way in Hatfield Forest and National Nature Reserve , Essex
Essex
which is north of Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District. The settlements here are close to, and in places ( Chigwell
Chigwell
and Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
) are contiguous with, London's conurbation. Although entirely outside Greater London
Greater London
, for Eurostat statistical purposes the district is included in the Greater London Urban Area , demonstrating a degree of close economic dependence on the capital. Civil parishes in Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District. The forest itself today spans from Epping Upland to the Greater London
Greater London
border

HISTORY

The district was formed on 1 April 1974 by the merger of Chigwell Urban District , Epping Urban District and Waltham Holy Cross Urban District , along with most of Epping and Ongar Rural District . Since then there have been some changes to the Greater London
Greater London
boundary :

* In 1994, 279 acres (1.13 km2), which now form Enfield Island Village , were transferred to the London
London
Borough of Enfield * In 1995 a small area around Grange Hill and Roding Valley stations was transferred to the London
London
Borough of Redbridge .

TRANSPORT

The district can be traced on maps by reference to the M25 motorway and the M11 motorway
M11 motorway
which form a junction at Theydon Garnon. From the junction the towns of Loughton and Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
are south-west, Chigwell
Chigwell
is south, Waltham Abbey is west, Epping north-west, and Ongar north-east.

Rail transport in the district is provided by the Central line of the London
London
Underground , which is entirely above ground in the District, and the West Anglia Main Line . Further National Rail
National Rail
stations are available at Harlow
Harlow
, and Sawbridgeworth , along the District's boundary.

The stations in the district are:

* Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
tube station * Chigwell
Chigwell
tube station * Debden tube station
Debden tube station
* Epping tube station
Epping tube station
* Grange Hill tube station (on the boundary with the London
London
Borough of Redbridge ) * Loughton tube station * Roding Valley tube station (on the boundary with the London Borough of Redbridge ) * Theydon Bois tube station * Roydon - The only British Rail station within the district.

Unlike the section of the Metropolitan line
Metropolitan line
outside Greater London, where a special fare structure exists, each station in the district is in one of Travelcard
Travelcard
zones 4, 5 or 6. From 2 January 2007, the stations on the Hainault Loop in the southern part of the district (Roding Valley, Chigwell
Chigwell
and Grange Hill), which had previously been in Travelcard
Travelcard
zone 5, were reallocated to zone 4 in an attempt by Transport for London
London
to encourage greater use of this section of the line. Until November 2006, services to Roding Valley, Chigwell
Chigwell
and Grange Hill stopped at around 8pm but since then the service has run to around midnight. However, the service to these stations is still not as frequent as to those wholly within Greater London
Greater London
or to those between Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
and Epping.

The Central line used to have an extension from Epping to Ongar , with intermediate stations at North Weald and Blake Hall . However, patronage on this line was never high, and it ceased to be a part of the London
London
Underground when it closed in 1994, with the remote Blake Hall station having closed 13 years earlier, in 1981, reputedly having only served six passengers a day. The line was nonetheless reopened in 2004 as the Epping Ongar Railway , which runs heritage services on Sundays and bank holidays.

North Weald Airfield , a Battle of Britain
Battle of Britain
airfield, is owned by the District Council, and has a long runway allowing use of jet aircraft. Stapleford Aerodrome
Stapleford Aerodrome
is another local airfield, and offers pleasure and charter flights.

NATURE RESERVES

There are two Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Epping Forest district, Epping Forest
Epping Forest
itself, and Roding Valley Meadows , as well as nine local nature reserves : Chigwell
Chigwell
Row Wood , Church Lane Flood Meadow , Home Mead
Home Mead
, Linder\'s Field , Nazeing Triangle , Roding Valley Meadows, Roughtalley\'s Wood , Thornwood Flood Meadow and Weald Common Flood Meadows .

POLITICS

Following the general election of 8 June 2017 , the current members of parliament for the district are:

* Eleanor Laing
Eleanor Laing
(Conservative ) - Epping Forest
Epping Forest
constituency, covering the majority of the west of the district, including the towns of Buckhurst Hill, Loughton, Chigwell, Theydon Bois
Theydon Bois
, Epping and Waltham Abbey. * Alex Burghart (Conservative) - Brentwood and Ongar constituency, mostly covering the part of the district east of the River Roding
River Roding
, including the parish of Ongar and village of North Weald Bassett
North Weald Bassett
. * Robert Halfon (Conservative) - Harlow
Harlow
constituency, which includes the villages of Roydon and Lower Nazeing
Nazeing
to the west of Harlow, and Sheering , Matching and Hastingwood to the east.

COUNTY COUNCIL

Of the seven Essex
Essex
County Councillors elected for Epping Forest divisions in the most recent county council elections in 2017, six are from the Conservative Party , and one is from Loughton Residents Association .

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

The district council is now based in Epping, roughly in the centre of the district. Its offices were previously located in Loughton.

Since 2002, when the ward boundaries were reorganised resulting in the loss of one council seat, the district has had 58 Councillors representing 32 wards. Each ward is represented by one, two or three Councillors, depending on the ward's population, so that each Councillor represents a roughly equal proportion of the district's electorate.

Councillors serve for a four-year term. They are elected on a cycle of thirds, i.e. in three years out of every four, a third of the council is up for election, and no elections take place in the fourth year. When the ward boundaries were reorganised in 2002, all 58 seats were up for election.

DISTRICT COUNCIL ELECTION RESULTS SINCE 2002

For more details on district council election results, see Epping Forest District Council elections .

The table below summarises the number of seats held by each party after each year's elections (no elections took place in 2005, 2009, 2013 and 2017). The council returned to Conservative control following the gain of a seat in a by-election in December 2006 after being under no overall control since 1994.

PARTY 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2010 2011 2012 2014 2015 2016

BNP 0 0 3 6 6 4 1 1 0 0 0 0

Conservative 26 23 26 29 32 33 35 37 39 37 39 35

Green 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2

Independent 4 4 5 4 3 5 2 3 2 2 2 3

Labour 9 9 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0

Liberal Democrat 13 16 14 13 11 9 8 6 4 3 2 3

Loughton Residents Association 6 6 6 5 5 6 11 10 12 12 12 13

UKIP 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2

LIST OF PARISHES IN EPPING FOREST DISTRICT

* Abbess Beauchamp and Berners Roding * Bobbingworth * Buckhurst Hill * Chigwell * Epping (town council) * Epping Upland * Fyfield * High Laver * High Ongar * Lambourne * Little Laver * Loughton (town council) * Magdalen Laver * Matching * Moreton * Nazeing * North Weald Bassett * Ongar (town council) * Roydon * Sheering * Stanford Rivers * Stapleford Abbotts * Stapleford Tawney * Theydon Bois * Theydon Garnon * Theydon Mount * Waltham Abbey (town council) * Willingale

NOTES AND REFERENCES

Notes

* ^ Locally the town is simply called Ongar, as seen in many road signs, see the main article

References

* ^ Loughton has 19 listed buildings Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
map, courtesy of English Heritage
English Heritage
Archived April 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex, Greater London and Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
(County and London
London
Borough Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008. * ^ Office of Public Sector Information - The Essex
Essex
and Greater London
London
(County Boundaries) Order 1993. Retrieved on 23 February 2008. * ^ Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District Council - Transport * ^ Stapleford Flight Centre website * ^ "Local Nature Reserves". Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District Council. Retrieved 13 October 2013. * ^ Election Facts: Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District Council website * ^ Grange Hill by-election result, Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District Council website. Retrieved 6 June 2011. * ^ Election 2002 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2003 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2004 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2006 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2007 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2008 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2010 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Election 2011 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 5 June 2011. * ^ Vote 2012 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 4 May 2012. * ^ Vote 2014 results, BBC News website. Retrieved 7 June 2014. * ^ Page=all">

* v * t * e

Epping Forest
Epping Forest
District

PARISHES

* Abbess Beauchamp and Berners Roding * Bobbingworth * Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
* Chigwell
Chigwell
* Epping * Epping Upland * Epping Green * Fyfield * High Laver
High Laver
and Little Laver * High Ongar
High Ongar
* Lambourne
Lambourne
* Loughton * Magdalen Laver * Matching * Matching Green * Matching Tye * Moreton * Nazeing
Nazeing
* North Weald Bassett
North Weald Bassett
* Ongar * High Ongar
High Ongar
* Roydon * Sheering * Stanford Rivers * Stapleford Abbotts * Stapleford Tawney * Theydon Bois
Theydon Bois
* Theydon Garnon * Theydon Mount * Waltham Abbey * Willingale

OTHER NOTABLE SETTLEMENTS

* Abridge * Chipping Ongar
Chipping Ongar
* Hastingwood * Hobbs Cross * Foster Street * North Weald * Tawney Common * Threshers Bush * Thornwood * Toot Hill * Tyler's Green * Waltham Abbey

ATTRACTIONS

* Epping Forest
Epping Forest
(woodland) * Epping Ongar Railway * Greensted Church
Greensted Church
* North Weald Airfield

CONSTITUENCIES

* Epping Forest
Epping Forest
* Brentwood and Ongar

* v * t * e

Ceremonial county
Ceremonial county
of Essex
Essex

UNITARY AUTHORITIES

* Southend-on-Sea
Southend-on-Sea
* Thurrock
Thurrock

BOROUGHS OR DISTRICTS

* Basildon
Basildon
* Braintree * Brentwood * Castle Point
Castle Point
* Chelmsford
Chelmsford
* Colchester
Colchester
* Epping Forest * Harlow
Harlow
* Maldon * Rochford * Tendring
Tendring
* Uttlesford
Uttlesford

MAJOR SETTLEMENTS

* Aveley
Aveley
* Basildon
Basildon
* Billericay
Billericay
* Braintree * Brentwood * Brightlingsea
Brightlingsea
* Buckhurst Hill
Buckhurst Hill
* Burnham-on-Crouch * Canvey Island
Canvey Island
* Chelmsford
Chelmsford
* Chigwell
Chigwell
* Chipping Ongar
Chipping Ongar
* Clacton-on-Sea * Coggeshall
Coggeshall
* Colchester
Colchester
* Corringham * Dovercourt
Dovercourt
* Eastwood * Epping * Frinton-on-Sea
Frinton-on-Sea
* Grays
Grays
* Great Dunmow
Great Dunmow
* Hadleigh * Halstead
Halstead
* Harlow
Harlow
* Harwich
Harwich
* Holland-on-Sea * Ingatestone * Leigh-on-Sea * Loughton * Maldon * Manningtree
Manningtree
* Pitsea
Pitsea
* Purfleet
Purfleet
* Rayleigh * Rochford * Saffron Walden
Saffron Walden
* Shoeburyness
Shoeburyness
* South Benfleet
South Benfleet
* Southend-on-Sea
Southend-on-Sea
* South Woodham Ferrers * Southminster * Stanford-le-Hope
Stanford-le-Hope
* Thaxted
Thaxted
* Tilbury
Tilbury
* Waltham Abbey * Walton-on-the-Naze
Walton-on-the-Naze
* West Mersea
West Mersea
* West Thurrock
Thurrock
* Wickford
Wickford
* Witham
Witham
* Wivenhoe
Wivenhoe

RIVERS

* Blackwater * Brain * Cam * Can * Chelmer * Ching * Cobbins Brook * Colne * Crouch * River Lea
River Lea
* River Lee Flood Relief Channel
River Lee Flood Relief Channel
* Mardyke * Pincey Brook * Prittle Brook
Prittle Brook
* Roach * Roding * Roman * Stort * Stour * Stour Brook * Ter * Thames

TOPICS

* Flag * Parliamentary constituencies * Places * Population of major settlements * SSSIs * Country houses * Grade I listed buildings * Grade II* listed buildings * History * Museums * Lord Lieutenants * High Sheriffs

* Category
Category

* v * t * e

Districts of the East of England
England

BEDFORDSHIRE

* Bedford * Central Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
* Luton
Luton

CAMBRIDGESHIRE

* Cambridge
Cambridge
* East Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
* Fenland
Fenland
* Huntingdonshire
Huntingdonshire
* Peterborough
Peterborough
* South Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire

ESSEX

* Basildon
Basildon
* Braintree * Brentwood * Castle Point
Castle Point
* Chelmsford
Chelmsford
* Colchester
Colchester
* Epping Forest
Epping Forest
* Harlow
Harlow
* Maldon * Rochford * Southend-on-Sea
Southend-on-Sea
* Tendring
Tendring
* Thurrock
Thurrock
* Uttlesford
Uttlesford

HERTFORDSHIRE

* Broxbourne * Dacorum
Dacorum
* East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
* Hertsmere
Hertsmere
* North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
* St Albans * Stevenage
Stevenage
* Three Rivers * Watford
Watford
* Welwyn Hatfield
Welwyn Hatfield

NORFOLK

* Breckland * Broadland
Broadland
* Great Yarmouth * King\'s Lynn and West Norfolk
Norfolk
* North Norfolk
Norfolk
* Norwich
Norwich
* South Norfolk
Norfolk

SUFFOLK

* Babergh
Babergh
* Forest Heath
Forest Heath
* Ipswich
Ipswich
* Mid Suffolk
Suffolk
* St Edmundsbury
St Edmundsbury
* Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal * Waveney
Waveney

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