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Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(born Emanuel Goldenberg; December 12, 1893 – January 26, 1973) was an American actor, born in Romania,[1] who was popular star on stage and screen during Hollywood's Golden Age. He appeared in 40 Broadway plays and more than 100 films during a 50-year career[2] and is best remembered for his tough-guy roles as a gangster, such as his star-making films, Little Caesar and Key Largo. During the 1930s and 1940s, he was an outspoken public critic of fascism and Nazism, which were first growing in strength in Europe and led up to World War II. His activism included contributing over $250,000 to more than 850 organizations involved in war relief, along with cultural, educational and religious groups. During the 1950s, he was called to testify at the House Un-American Activities Committee during the Red Scare, but was cleared of any Communist involvement. Robinson's character portrayals have covered a wide range, with such roles as an insurance investigator in the film noir Double Indemnity, Dathan
Dathan
(adversary of Moses) in The Ten Commandments, and his final performance in the science-fiction story Soylent Green.[1] Robinson received an Honorary Academy Award
Academy Award
for his work in the film industry, which was awarded two months after his death in 1973. He is ranked number 24 in the American Film Institute's list of the 25 greatest male stars of Classic American cinema.

Contents

1 Early years and education 2 Career

2.1 Theatre 2.2 The Racket 2.3 Little Caesar 2.4 World War Two 2.5 Post Warners 2.6 Greylisting 2.7 Supporting Actor 2.8 Radio

3 Personal life

3.1 Political activism

4 In popular culture 5 Complete filmography 6 Radio appearances 7 See also 8 References 9 Further reading 10 External links

Early years and education[edit] Robinson was born as Emanuel Goldenberg to a Yiddish-speaking Romanian Jewish family in Bucharest, the son of Sarah (née Guttman) and Morris Goldenberg, a builder.[3] After one of his brothers was attacked by an anti-semitic mob, the family decided to emigrate to the United States.[2] Robinson arrived in New York City
New York City
on February 14, 1903. "At Ellis Island
Ellis Island
I was born again", he wrote. "Life for me began when I was 10 years old."[2] He grew up on the Lower East Side,[4]:91 had his Bar Mitzvah at First Roumanian-American Congregation,[5] and attended Townsend Harris High School and then the City College of New York, planning to become a criminal attorney.[6] An interest in acting and performing in front of people led to him winning an American Academy of Dramatic Arts scholarship,[6] after which he changed his name to Edward G. Robinson (the G. standing for his original surname).[6] He served in the United States Navy
United States Navy
during World War I, but was never sent overseas.[7] Career[edit]

Robinson in his breakout role, Little Caesar (1931)

Robinson in Billy Wilder's Double Indemnity (1944)

Robinson and Lynn Bari
Lynn Bari
in Tampico (1944)

All My Sons (1948): Louisa Horton, Robinson, Chester Erskine (producer) and Burt Lancaster

Florence Henderson
Florence Henderson
and Robinson on the set of Song of Norway (April 1969)

Theatre[edit] He began his acting career in the Yiddish
Yiddish
Theater District[8][9][10] in 1913 and made his Broadway debut in 1915.[2] He made his film debut in Arms and the Man (1916). In 1923 made his named debut as E. G. Robinson in the silent film, The Bright Shawl.[2] The Racket[edit] He played a snarling gangster in the 1927 Broadway police/crime drama The Racket, which led to his being cast in similar film roles, starting with The Hole in the Wall (1929) with Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
at Paramount. Paramount kept him on for a comedy, The Kibitzer (1930). One of many actors who saw his career flourish in the new sound film era rather than falter, he made only three films prior to 1930, but left his stage career that year and made 14 films between 1930 and 1932. Robinson went to Universal for Night Ride (1930) and MGM for A Lady to Love (1930) directed by Victor Sjöström. At Universal he was in Outside the Law (1930) and East Is West, then he did The Widow from Chicago
The Widow from Chicago
(1931) at First National. Little Caesar[edit] Robinson was established as a film actor. What made him a star was an acclaimed performance as the gangster Caesar Enrico "Rico" Bandello in Little Caesar (1931) at Warner Bros. Robinson signed a long term contract with Warners. They put him in another gangster film, Smart Money (1931), his only movie with James Cagney. He was reunited with Mervyn LeRoy, director of Little Caesar, in Five Star Final
Five Star Final
(1931), playing a journalist, and played a Tong gangster in The Hatchet Man
The Hatchet Man
(1932). Robinson made a third film with LeRoy, Two Seconds
Two Seconds
(1932) then did a melodrama directed by Howard Hawks, Tiger Shark (1932). Warners tried him in a biopic, Silver Dollar (1932), where Robinson played Horace Tabor, a comedy, The Little Giant (1933) and a romance, I Loved a Woman
I Loved a Woman
(1933). Robinson was then in Dark Hazard (1934), and The Man with Two Faces (1934). He went to Columbia for The Whole Town's Talking
The Whole Town's Talking
(1935), a comedy directed by John Ford. Sam Goldwyn
Sam Goldwyn
borrowed him for Barbary Coast (1935), again directed by Hawks. Back at Warners he did Bullets or Ballots
Bullets or Ballots
(1936) then he went to Britain for Thunder in the City
Thunder in the City
(1937). He made Kid Galahad (1937) with Bette Davis
Bette Davis
and Humphrey Bogart. MGM borrowed him for The Last Gangster
The Last Gangster
(1937) then he did a comedy A Slight Case of Murder (1938). He and Bogart were in The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse
The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse
(1938) then he was borrowed by Columbia for I Am the Law (1938). World War Two[edit] In 1939, at the time World War II
World War II
broke out in Europe, he played an FBI agent in Confessions of a Nazi Spy, the first American film which showed Nazism
Nazism
as a threat to the United States. He volunteered for military service in June 1942 but was disqualified due to his age at 48,[11] although he became an active and vocal critic of fascism and Naziism
Naziism
during that period.[12] MGM borrowed him for Blackmail (1939) then he he played Paul Ehrlich in Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
(1940) and Paul Julius Reuter
Paul Julius Reuter
in A Dispatch from Reuter's (1940), both biographies of prominent Jewish public figures. In between he and Bogart were in Brother Orchid (1940). Robinson was teamed with John Garfield
John Garfield
in The Sea Wolf (1941) and George Raft
George Raft
in Manpower (1941). He went to MGM for Unholy Partners (1942) and made a comedy Larceny, Inc.
Larceny, Inc.
(1942). Post Warners[edit] Robinson was one of several stars in Tales of Manhattan
Manhattan
(1942) and Flesh and Fantasy
Flesh and Fantasy
(1943). He did war films: Destroyer (1943) at Columbia, and Tampico (1944) at Fox. At Paramount he was in Billy Wilder's Double Indemnity (1944) with Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
and Barbara Stanwyck; at Columbia he was in Mr. Winkle Goes to War (1944); he was opposite Joan Bennett
Joan Bennett
and Dan Duryea in Fritz Lang's The Woman in the Window
The Woman in the Window
(1944) and Scarlet Street (1945). At MGM he was in Our Vines Have Tender Grapes
Our Vines Have Tender Grapes
(1945) then did Orson Welles' The Stranger (1946) with Welles and Loretta Young. Robinson followed it with a thriller The Red House (1947) and starred in an adaptation of All My Sons (1948). Robinson appeared for director John Huston
John Huston
as gangster Johnny Rocco in Key Largo (1948), the last of five films he made with Humphrey Bogart and the only one in which Bogart did not play a supporting role. He went on to be in Night Has a Thousand Eyes
Night Has a Thousand Eyes
(1948), and House of Strangers (1949). Greylisting[edit] Robinson found it hard to get work after his blacklisting. He was in low budgeted films: Actor's and Sin
Actor's and Sin
(1952), Vice Squad (1953), Big Leaguer (1953), The Glass Web
The Glass Web
(1953), Black Tuesday (1954), The Violent Men (1955), Tight Spot
Tight Spot
(1955), A Bullet for Joey
A Bullet for Joey
(1955), Illegal (1955), and Hell on Frisco Bay
Hell on Frisco Bay
(1955). His career rehabilitation received a boost in 1954, when noted anti-communist director Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
cast him as the traitorous Dathan
Dathan
in The Ten Commandments. The film was released in 1956, as was his psychological thriller Nightmare. After a subsequent short absence from the screen, Robinson's film career—augmented by an increasing number of television roles—restarted for good in 1958/59, when he was second-billed after Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
in the 1959 release A Hole in the Head. Supporting Actor[edit] Robinson went to Europe for Seven Thieves
Seven Thieves
(1960). He had support roles in My Geisha
My Geisha
(1962), Two Weeks in Another Town
Two Weeks in Another Town
(1962), Sammy Going South (1963), The Prize (1963), Robin and the 7 Hoods
Robin and the 7 Hoods
(1964), Good Neighbor Sam (1964), Cheyenne Autumn
Cheyenne Autumn
(1964), and The Outrage
The Outrage
(1964). He had a key part in The Cincinnati Kid (1965) and was top billed in The Blonde from Peking
The Blonde from Peking
and Grand Slam (1967). Later appearances included The Biggest Bundle of Them All
The Biggest Bundle of Them All
(1968), Never a Dull Moment (1968), It's Your Move (1968), and Mackenna's Gold (1969). The last scene Robinson filmed was a euthanasia sequence, with friend and co-star Charlton Heston, in the science fiction cult film Soylent Green (1973); he died only twelve days later. Heston, as president of the Screen Actors Guild, presented Robinson with its annual award in 1969, "in recognition of his pioneering work in organizing the union, his service during World War II, and his 'outstanding achievement in fostering the finest ideals of the acting profession.'"[4]:124 Robinson was never nominated for an Academy Award, but in 1973 he was awarded an honorary Oscar in recognition that he had "achieved greatness as a player, a patron of the arts and a dedicated citizen ... in sum, a Renaissance man".[2] He had been notified of the honor, but died two months before the award ceremony, so the award was accepted by his widow, Jane Robinson.[2] Radio[edit] From 1937 to 1942, Robinson starred as Steve Wilson, editor of the Illustrated Press, in the newspaper drama Big Town.[13] He also portrayed hardboiled detective Sam Spade
Sam Spade
for a Lux Radio Theatre adaptation of The Maltese Falcon. Personal life[edit]

Robinson and his son in a 1962 episode of Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre.

Robinson married his first wife, stage actress Gladys Lloyd, born Gladys Lloyd Cassell, in 1927; she was the former wife of Ralph L. Vestervelt and the daughter of Clement C. Cassell, an architect, sculptor and artist. The couple had one son, Edward G. Robinson, Jr. (a.k.a. Manny Robinson, 1933–1974), as well as a daughter from Gladys Robinson's first marriage.[14] In 1956 he was divorced from his wife. In 1958 he married Jane Bodenheimer, a dress designer professionally known as Jane Arden. Thereafter he also maintained a home in Palm Springs, California.[15] In noticeable contrast to many of his onscreen characters, Robinson was a sensitive, softly-spoken and cultured man, who spoke seven languages.[2] Remaining a liberal Democrat despite his difficulties with HUAC, he attended the 1960 Democratic Convention in Los Angeles, California.[16] He was a passionate art collector, eventually building up a significant private collection. In 1956, however, he was forced to sell his collection to pay for his divorce settlement with Gladys Robinson; his finances had also suffered due to underemployment in the early 1950s.[4]:120 Robinson died at Mount Sinai Hospital in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
of bladder cancer[17] on January 26, 1973. Services were held at Temple Israel in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
where Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
delivered the eulogy.[18]:131 Over 1,500 friends of Robinson attended, with another crowd of 500 people outside.[4]:125 His body was then flown to New York where it was entombed in a crypt in the family mausoleum at Beth-El Cemetery in Brooklyn.[18]:131 In October 2000, Robinson's image was imprinted on a U.S. postage stamp, its sixth in its Legends of Hollywood series.[4]:125[19] Political activism[edit] During the 1930s, Robinson was an outspoken public critic of fascism and Naziism, and donated more than $250,000 to 850 political and charitable groups between 1939 and 1949. He was host to the Committee of 56 who gathered at his home on December 9, 1938, signing a "Declaration of Democratic Independence" which called for a boycott of all German-made products.[12] Although he tried to do so, he was unable to enlist in the military at the outbreak of World War II
World War II
because of his age;[11] instead, the Office of War Information
Office of War Information
appointed him as a Special
Special
Representative based in London.[4]:106 From there, taking advantage of his multilingual skills, he delivered radio addresses in over six languages to countries in Europe which had fallen under Nazi domination.[4]:106 His talent as a radio speaker in the U.S. had previously been recognized by the American Legion, which had given him an award for his "outstanding contribution to Americanism through his stirring patriotic appeals."[4]:106 Robinson was also active with the Hollywood Democratic Committee, serving on its executive board in 1944, during which time he became an "enthusiastic" campaigner for Roosevelt's reelection that year.[4]:107 In early July 1944, less than a month after the Invasion of Normandy by Allied forces, Robinson traveled to Normandy to entertain the troops, becoming the first movie star to go there for the USO.[4]:106 He personally donated $100,000 ($1,500,000 in 2015 dollars) to the USO.[4]:107 After returning to the U.S. he continued his active involvement with the war effort by going to shipyards and defense plants to inspire workers, in addition to appearing at rallies to help sell war bonds.[4]:107 After the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union, while not a supporter of Communism, he appeared at Soviet war relief rallies to give moral aid to America's new ally, which he said could join "together in their hatred of Hitlerism."[4]:107 After the war ended, Robinson spoke publicly in support of democratic rights for all Americans, especially in demanding equality for Blacks in the workplace. He endorsed the Fair Employment Practices Commission's call to end workplace discrimination.[4]:109 Black leaders praised him as "one of the great friends of the Negro and a great advocator of Democracy."[4]:109 During the years Robinson spoke against fascism and Nazism, although not a supporter of Communism, he failed to criticize the Soviet Union which he saw as an ally against Hitler. However, notes film historian Steven J. Ross, "activists who attacked Hitler without simultaneously attacking Stalin were vilified by conservative critics as either Communists, Communist dupes, or, at best, naive liberal dupes."[4]:128 In addition, Robinson learned that 11 of the more than the 850 charities and groups he had helped over the previous decade were listed by the FBI as Communist front organizations.[20] As a result, he was called to testify in front of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in 1950 and 1952 and was threatened with blacklisting.[21] As appears in the full House of Un-American activities Committee transcript for April 30th 1952, Robinson "named names" of Communist sympathizers (Albert Maltz, Dalton Trumbo, John Howard Lawson, Frank Tuttle, and Sidney Buchman) and repudiated some of the organizations he had belonged to in the 1930s and 1940s.[21][22] He came to realize, "I was duped and used."[4]:121 His own name was cleared, but in the aftermath his career noticeably suffered, as he was offered smaller roles and those less frequently. In October 1952 he wrote an article titled "How the Reds made a Sucker Out of Me", that was published in the American Legion
American Legion
Magazine.[23] The chair of the Committee, Francis E. Walter, told Robinson at the end of his testimonies, that the Committee "never had any evidence presented to indicate that you were anything more than a very choice sucker."[4]:122 In popular culture[edit]

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Robinson as gangster Little Caesar (1931)

Robinson has been the inspiration for a number of animated television characters, usually caricatures of his most distinctive 'snarling gangster' guise. An early version of the gangster character Rocky, featured in the Bugs Bunny
Bugs Bunny
cartoon Racketeer Rabbit, shared his likeness. This version of the character also appears briefly in Justice League, in the episode "Comfort and Joy", as an alien with Robinson's face and non-human body, who hovers past the screen as a background character. Similar caricatures also appeared in The Coo-Coo Nut Grove, Thugs with Dirty Mugs and Hush My Mouse. Another character based on Robinson's tough-guy image was The Frog (Chauncey "Flat Face" Frog) from the cartoon series Courageous Cat and Minute Mouse. The voice of B.B. Eyes in The Dick Tracy Show was based on Robinson, with Mel Blanc
Mel Blanc
and Jerry Hausner sharing voicing duties. The animated series Wacky Races' character 'Clyde' from the Ant Hill Mob was based on Robinson's Little Caesar persona. In the 1989 animated series C.O.P.S.
C.O.P.S.
the mastermind villain Brandon "Big Boss" Babel's voice sounded just like Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
when he would talk to his gangsters. Then years later voice actor Hank Azaria has noted that the voice of Simpsons character police chief Clancy Wiggum is an impression of Robinson.[24] This has been explicitly joked about in episodes of the show. In "The Day the Violence Died" (1996), a character states that Chief Wiggum
Chief Wiggum
is clearly based on Robinson. In 2008's "Treehouse of Horror XIX", Wiggum and Robinson's ghost each accuse the other of being rip-offs.[citation needed] Another caricature of Robinson appears in two episodes of Star Wars: The Clone Wars season two, in the person of Lt. Tan Divo[citation needed]. Robinson was played by Michael Stuhlbarg
Michael Stuhlbarg
in the 2015 film Trumbo. Complete filmography[edit]

Excluding appearances as himself.

Arms and the Woman (1916) as Factory Worker The Bright Shawl
The Bright Shawl
(1923) as Domingo Escobar The Hole in the Wall (1929) as The Fox The Kibitzer (1930) (screenplay) Night Ride (1930) as Tony Garotta A Lady to Love (1930) as Tony An Intimate Dinner in Celebration of Warner Brothers Silver Jubilee (1930, short) as Himself Die Sehnsucht jeder Frau (1930) as Tony Outside the Law (1930) as Cobra Collins East Is West
East Is West
(1930) as Charlie Yong The Widow from Chicago
The Widow from Chicago
(1930) as Dominic How I Play Golf by Bobby Jones No. 10: Trouble Shots (1931, short) as Himself (uncredited) Little Caesar (1931, with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.) as Little Caesar - Alias 'Rico' The Stolen Jools
The Stolen Jools
(1931, short, with Wallace Beery) as Gangster Smart Money (1931, with James Cagney) as Nick Venizelos Five Star Final
Five Star Final
(1931) as Randall The Hatchet Man
The Hatchet Man
(1932) as Wong Low Get Two Seconds
Two Seconds
(1932) as John Allen Tiger Shark (1932) as Mike Mascarenhas Silver Dollar (1932) as Yates Martin The Little Giant (1933) as Bugs Ahearn I Loved a Woman
I Loved a Woman
(1933) as John Mansfield Hayden Dark Hazard (1934) as Jim 'Buck' Turner The Man with Two Faces (1934) as Damon Welles / Jules Chautard The Whole Town's Talking
The Whole Town's Talking
(1935) as Arthur Ferguson Jones Barbary Coast (1935) as Luis Chamalis Bullets or Ballots
Bullets or Ballots
(1936, with Humphrey Bogart) as Johnny Blake Thunder in the City
Thunder in the City
(1937) as Dan Armstrong A Day at Santa Anita (1937, short) as Himself (uncredited) Kid Galahad (1937, with Bette Davis
Bette Davis
and Humphrey Bogart) as Nick Donati The Last Gangster
The Last Gangster
(1937, with James Stewart) as Joe Krozac A Slight Case of Murder
A Slight Case of Murder
(1938) as Remy Marco The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse
The Amazing Dr. Clitterhouse
(1938, with Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
and Humphrey Bogart) as Dr. Clitterhouse I Am the Law (1938) as Prof. John Lindsay Verdensberømtheder i København (1939, documentary) as Himself Confessions of a Nazi Spy
Confessions of a Nazi Spy
(1939) as Edward Renard Blackmail (1939) as John R. Ingram Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet
(1940) as Dr. Paul Ehrlich Brother Orchid
Brother Orchid
(1940, with Humphrey Bogart) as 'Little' John T. Sarto A Dispatch from Reuter's
A Dispatch from Reuter's
(1940) as Julius Reuter The Sea Wolf (1941, with John Garfield) as 'Wolf' Larsen Manpower (1941, with Marlene Dietrich
Marlene Dietrich
and George Raft) as Hank McHenry Polo with the Stars (1941, Short) as Himself - Watching Polo Match (uncredited) Unholy Partners
Unholy Partners
(1941) as Bruce Corey Larceny, Inc.
Larceny, Inc.
(1942) as Pressure' Maxwell Tales of Manhattan
Manhattan
(1942) as Avery L. 'Larry' Browne Moscow Strikes Back
Moscow Strikes Back
(1942, Documentary) as Narrator Magic Bullets (1943, Short Documentary) as Narrator Flesh and Fantasy
Flesh and Fantasy
(1943) as Marshall Tyler (Episode 2) Destroyer (1943) as Steve Boleslavski Tampico (1944) as Captain Bart Manson Double Indemnity (1944, with Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
and Barbara Stanwyck) as Barton Keyes Mr. Winkle Goes to War
Mr. Winkle Goes to War
(1944) as Wilbert Winkle The Woman in the Window
The Woman in the Window
(1944) as Professor Richard Wanley Our Vines Have Tender Grapes
Our Vines Have Tender Grapes
(1945) as Martinius Jacobson Journey Together (1945) as Dean McWilliams Scarlet Street
Scarlet Street
(1945) as Christopher Cross American Creed
American Creed
(1946, short) as Himself The Stranger (1946, with Loretta Young
Loretta Young
and Orson Welles) as Mr. Wilson The Red House (1947) as Pete Morgan All My Sons (1948, with Burt Lancaster) as Joe Keller Key Largo (1948, with Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
and Lauren Bacall) as Johnny Rocco Night Has a Thousand Eyes
Night Has a Thousand Eyes
(1948) as John Triton House of Strangers
House of Strangers
(1949) as Gino Monetti It's a Great Feeling
It's a Great Feeling
(1949) as Himself (uncredited) Operation X (1950) as George Constantin Actors and Sin
Actors and Sin
(1952) as Maurice Tillayou (segment "Actor's Blood") Vice Squad (1953) as Capt. 'Barnie' Barnaby Big Leaguer
Big Leaguer
(1953) as John B. 'Hans' Lobert The Glass Web
The Glass Web
(1953) as Henry Hayes Black Tuesday (1954) as Vincent Canelli For the Defense (1954 TV movie) as Matthew Considine The Violent Men
The Violent Men
(1955) as Lew Wilkison Tight Spot
Tight Spot
(1955) as Lloyd Hallett A Bullet for Joey
A Bullet for Joey
(1955) as Inspector Raoul Leduc Illegal (1955) as Victor Scott Hell on Frisco Bay
Hell on Frisco Bay
(1955) as Victor Amato Nightmare (1956) as Rene Bressard The Ten Commandments (1956) as Dathan The Heart of Show Business (1957, Short) as Narrator A Hole in the Head
A Hole in the Head
(1959, with Frank Sinatra) as Mario Manetta Seven Thieves
Seven Thieves
(1960) as Theo Wilkins The Right Man (1960, TV Movie) as Theodore Roosevelt Pepe (1960, with Cantinflas) as Himself My Geisha
My Geisha
(1962) as Sam Lewis Two Weeks in Another Town
Two Weeks in Another Town
(1962, with Kirk Douglas) as Maurice Kruger Sammy Going South
Sammy Going South
(1963) (a.k.a. A Boy Ten Feet Tall) as Cocky Wainwright The Prize (1963) as Dr. Max Stratman Robin and the 7 Hoods
Robin and the 7 Hoods
(1964, with the Rat Pack) as Big Jim Stevens (uncredited) Good Neighbor Sam
Good Neighbor Sam
(1964, with Jack Lemmon) as Simon Nurdlinger Cheyenne Autumn
Cheyenne Autumn
(1964) as Secretary of the Interior Carl Schurz The Outrage
The Outrage
(1964) as Con Man Who Has Seen the Wind? (1965, TV Movie) as Captain The Cincinnati Kid (1965, with Steve McQueen) as Lancey Howard All About People (1967, Short) (narrator) The Blonde from Peking
The Blonde from Peking
(1967) as Douglas - chef C.I.A. Grand Slam (1967) as Prof. James Anders Operation St. Peter's
Operation St. Peter's
(1967) as Joe Ventura The Biggest Bundle of Them All
The Biggest Bundle of Them All
(1968) as Professor Samuels Never a Dull Moment (1968, with Dick Van Dyke) as Leo Joseph Smooth It's Your Move (1968) as Sir George McDowell Mackenna's Gold
Mackenna's Gold
(1969, with Gregory Peck) as Old Adams U.M.C., aka Operation Heartbeat (1969, TV Movie; pilot for Medical Center) as Dr. Lee Forestman The Old Man Who Cried Wolf (1970 TV movie) as Emile Pulska Song of Norway (1970) as Krogstad Mooch Goes to Hollywood
Mooch Goes to Hollywood
(1971) as Himself - Party guest (uncredited) Neither by Day Nor by Night
Neither by Day Nor by Night
(1972) as Father Soylent Green
Soylent Green
(1973, with Charlton Heston) as Sol Roth (final film role)

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Program Episode/source

1940 Screen Guild Theatre Blind Alley[25]

1946 Suspense The Man Who Wanted to Be Edward G. Robinson[26]

1946 This Is Hollywood The Stranger[27]

1950 Screen Directors Playhouse The Sea Wolf[27]

See also[edit]

Book: Edward G. Robinson

List of posthumous Academy Award
Academy Award
winners and nominees Biography portal

References[edit]

^ a b Obituary Variety, January 31, 1973, p. 71. ^ a b c d e f g h "Edward G. Robinson, 79, Dies; His 'Little Caesar' Set a Style; Man of Great Kindness Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
Is Dead at 79 Made Speeches to Friends Appeared in 100 Films". The New York Times. January 27, 1973. Retrieved July 21, 2007.  ^ Parish, James Robert; Marill, Alvin (1972). The Cinema of Edward G. Robinson. South Brunswick, New Jersey: A. S. Barnes. p. 16. ISBN 0-498-07875-2.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Ross, Steven (2011). Hollywood Left and Right. How Movie Stars Shaped American Politics. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-518172-2. Retrieved March 20, 2012.  ^ Epstein (2007), p. 249 ^ a b c Pendergast, Tom. Ed. St. James Encyclopedia of Popular Culture, Vol. 4, pp. 229-230 ^ Beck, Robert. Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
Encyclopedia. McFarland. Retrieved January 14, 2016.  ^ Morgen Stevens-Garmon (February 7, 2012). "Treasures and "Shandas" from the Collection on Yiddish
Yiddish
theater". Museum of the City of New York. Retrieved March 10, 2013.  ^ Hy Brett (1997). The Ultimate New York City
New York City
Trivia Book. Thomas Nelson Inc. Retrieved March 10, 2013.  ^ Cary Leiter (2008). The Importance of the Yiddish
Yiddish
Theatre in the Evolution of the Modern American Theatre. ProQuest. Retrieved March 10, 2013.  ^ a b Wise, James: Stars in Khaki: Movie Actors in the Army and Air Services. Naval Institute Press, 2000. ISBN 1-55750-958-1. p. 228. ^ a b Ross, pp. 99–102 ^ Dunning, John. (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507678-3. pp. 88–89. ^ "Edward G. Robinson, Jr. Is Dead; Late Screen Star's Son Was 40". The New York Times. February 27, 1974. Retrieved July 21, 2007. Edward G. Robinson Jr., the son of the late screen actor, died yesterday. Mr. Robinson, who was 40 years old, was found unconscious by his wife, Nan, in their West Hollywood home. His death was attributed to natural causes.  ^ Meeks, Eric G. (2012). The Best Guide Ever to Palm Springs Celebrity Homes. Horatio Limburger Oglethorpe. p. 91. ISBN 978-1479328598.  ^ soapbxprod (November 20, 2011). "1960 Democratic Convention Los Angeles Committee for the Arts". Retrieved April 2, 2018 – via YouTube.  ^ Gansberg, p. 246, 252–253. ^ a b Beck, Robert. The Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
Encyclopedia, McFarland (2002) ^ Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
stamp, 2000 ^ Miller, Frank. Leading Men, Chronicle Books and TCM (2006) p. 185 ^ a b Sabin, Arthur J. In Calmer Times: The Supreme Court and Red Monday, p. 35. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Press, 1999 ^ Bud and Ruth Schultz, It Did Happen Here: Recollections of Political Repression in America, p. 113. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989. ^ Ross, Stephen J. "Little Caesar and the McCarthyist Mob", USC Trojan Magazine. Los Angeles: University of Southern California, August 2011 issue. Accessed on Jan 10, 2013. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 27, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013.  ^ Joe Rhodes (October 21, 2000). "Flash! 24 Simpsons Stars Reveal Themselves". TV Guide.  ^ "Sunday Caller". Harrisburg Telegraph. February 24, 1940. p. 17. Retrieved July 20, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ "The Man Who Wanted to Be Edward G. Robinson". Harrisburg Telegraph. October 12, 1946. p. 17. Retrieved October 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  ^ a b "Those Were the Days". Nostalgia Digest. 42 (3): 39. Summer 2016. 

Gansberg, Alan L. (2004). Little Caesar: A Biography of Edward G. Robinson. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4950-1. 

Further reading[edit]

Epstein, Lawrence Jeffrey (2007). Edge of a Dream: The Story of Jewish Immigrants on New York's Lower East Side, 1880–1920. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0-7879-8622-3.  Robinson, Edward G.; Spigelgass, Leonard (1973). All My Yesterdays; an Autobiography. Hawthorn Books. LCCN 73005443. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edward G. Robinson.

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on IMDb Edward G. Robinson
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at the TCM Movie Database Edward G. Robinson
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at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
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at Find a Grave Photographs and literature

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Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival Best Actor Award

1946-1975

Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1946) Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1949) Michael Redgrave
Michael Redgrave
(1951) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1952) Charles Vanel
Charles Vanel
(1953) Spencer Tracy/cast of Bolshaya Semya (1955) John Kitzmiller
John Kitzmiller
(1957) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1958) Bradford Dillman/Dean Stockwell/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1959) Anthony Perkins
Anthony Perkins
(1961) Dean Stockwell/Jason Robards/Ralph Richardson/ Murray Melvin
Murray Melvin
(1962) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
(1963) Antal Páger/ Saro Urzì
Saro Urzì
(1964) Terence Stamp
Terence Stamp
(1965) Per Oscarsson
Per Oscarsson
(1966) Oded Kotler
Oded Kotler
(1967) Jean-Louis Trintignant
Jean-Louis Trintignant
(1969) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1970) Riccardo Cucciolla
Riccardo Cucciolla
(1971) Jean Yanne (1972) Giancarlo Giannini
Giancarlo Giannini
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Vittorio Gassman
Vittorio Gassman
(1975)

1976-2000

José Luis Gómez
José Luis Gómez
(1976) Fernando Rey
Fernando Rey
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1979) Michel Piccoli
Michel Piccoli
(1980) Ugo Tognazzi
Ugo Tognazzi
(1981) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1982) Gian Maria Volontè
Gian Maria Volontè
(1983) Alfredo Landa/ Francisco Rabal
Francisco Rabal
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Michel Blanc/ Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
(1987) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(1988) James Spader
James Spader
(1989) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(1990) John Turturro
John Turturro
(1991) Tim Robbins
Tim Robbins
(1992) David Thewlis
David Thewlis
(1993) Ge You (1994) Jonathan Pryce
Jonathan Pryce
(1995) Pascal Duquenne/ Daniel Auteuil
Daniel Auteuil
(1996) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(1997) Peter Mullan
Peter Mullan
(1998) Emmanuel Schotte (1999) Tony Leung Chiu-wai
Tony Leung Chiu-wai
(2000)

2001-present

Benoît Magimel
Benoît Magimel
(2001) Olivier Gourmet
Olivier Gourmet
(2002) Muzaffer Ozdemir/Emin Toprak (2003) Yūya Yagira (2004) Tommy Lee Jones
Tommy Lee Jones
(2005) Jamel Debbouze/Samy Naceri/Roschdy Zem/Sami Bouajila/Bernard Blancan (2006) Konstantin Lavronenko (2007) Benicio del Toro
Benicio del Toro
(2008) Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
(2009) Javier Bardem/ Elio Germano
Elio Germano
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Mads Mikkelsen
Mads Mikkelsen
(2012) Bruce Dern
Bruce Dern
(2013) Timothy Spall
Timothy Spall
(2014) Vincent Lindon
Vincent Lindon
(2015) Shahab Hosseini
Shahab Hosseini
(2016) Joaquin Phoenix
Joaquin Phoenix
(2017)

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Screen Actors Guild
Screen Actors Guild
Life Achievement Award

1962: Eddie Cantor 1963: Stan Laurel 1965: Bob Hope 1966: Barbara Stanwyck 1967: William Gargan 1968: James Stewart 1969: Edward G. Robinson 1970: Gregory Peck 1971: Charlton Heston 1972: Frank Sinatra 1973: Martha Raye 1974: Walter Pidgeon 1975: Rosalind Russell 1976: Pearl Bailey 1977: James Cagney 1978: Edgar Bergen 1979: Katharine Hepburn 1980: Leon Ames 1982: Danny Kaye 1983: Ralph Bellamy 1984: Iggie Wolfington 1985: Paul Newman
Paul Newman
and Joanne Woodward 1986: Nanette Fabray 1987: Red Skelton 1988: Gene Kelly 1989: Jack Lemmon 1990: Brock Peters 1991: Burt Lancaster 1992: Audrey Hepburn 1993: Ricardo Montalbán 1994: George Burns 1995: Robert Redford 1996: Angela Lansbury 1997: Elizabeth Taylor 1998: Kirk Douglas 1999: Sidney Poitier 2000: Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee 2001: Ed Asner 2002: Clint Eastwood 2003: Karl Malden 2004: James Garner 2005: Shirley Temple 2006: Julie Andrews 2007: Charles Durning 2008: James Earl Jones 2009: Betty White 2010: Ernest Borgnine 2011: Mary Tyler Moore 2012: Dick Van Dyke 2013: Rita Moreno 2014: Debbie Reynolds 2015: Carol Burnett 2016: Lily Tomlin 2017: Morgan Freeman

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 39505454 LCCN: n50049280 ISNI: 0000 0001 2129 0404 GND: 119056194 SUDOC: 06690949X BNF: cb128431010 (data) ULAN: 500324963 MusicBrainz: 27b7ddc5-110c-4b46-a6bf-256c605ad7a3 BNE: XX4722760 SN

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