Edmonton Football Team
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The Edmonton Elks are a professional
Canadian football Canadian football () is a sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cas ...

Canadian football
team based in
Edmonton, Alberta Edmonton () is the capital city of the Canadian province The provinces and territories of Canada are sub-national divisions within the geographical areas of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provi ...
. The club competes in the
Canadian Football League The Canadian Football League (CFL; french: Ligue canadienne de football, LCF, links=no) is a professional sports league A sports league is a group of sports team A sports team is a group of individuals who play sport Sport pertains ...
(CFL) as a member of the league's West Division and plays their home games at the
Brick Field at Commonwealth Stadium
Brick Field at Commonwealth Stadium
. The Elks were founded in 1949 as the Edmonton Eskimos and have won the
Grey Cup The Grey Cup (french: Coupe Grey) is both the championship game of the Canadian Football League The Canadian Football League (CFL; french: Ligue canadienne de football, LCF, links=no) is a professional sports league A sports league is a grou ...
championship fourteen times (including a
three-peat In American sports, a threepeat is winning three consecutive championships. The term, a portmanteau of the words ''three'' and ''repeat'', originated with the Los Angeles Lakers The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball t ...
between 1954 and 1956 and an unmatched five consecutive wins between 1978 and 1982), most recently in 103rd Grey Cup, 2015. The team has a Battle of Alberta, rivalry with the Calgary Stampeders and is one of the three community-owned teams in the CFL. The team name change from "Eskimos" to "Elks" was formally announced on June 1, 2021.


Ownership

The Edmonton Elks are one of three "community owned" teams in the CFL (owned by local shareholders). Edmonton Elks Football Team, Inc., is governed by a ten-member board of directors. The board consists of a chairman, treasurer, secretary, and seven directors. , the board of directors included chairman Brad Sparrow, treasurer Janice Agrios, secretary Murray Scambler, directors Douglas Cox, Rob Heron, Ian Murray, Harold Roozen, Marshall Sadd, Lindsay Dodd and Tom Richards. The club's president and CEO was Chris Presson until he was fired on November 22, 2021.


History


Football in Edmonton 1895–1939

The Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club, unaffiliated with the current team, was an early
Canadian football Canadian football () is a sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cas ...

Canadian football
-rugby union team based in Edmonton. The team played its first organized games with the formation of the Alberta Rugby Football Union, Alberta Rugby Football League in 1895. In 1908 the name ''Esquimaux'' was adopted. In 1910 the club was officially named the Edmonton Eskimos and was briefly called the Edmonton Elks during 1922 in Canadian football, 1922. (The city was represented by the Edmonton Civics in 1914 in Canadian football, 1914 and the Edmonton Canucks in 1919 in Canadian football, 1919.) After appearing in and losing the 9th Grey Cup and 10th Grey Cup games (being the first western teams to play for the Cup) the team folded in 1925 in Canadian football, 1925, but returned for two seasons beginning 1928 in Canadian football, 1928, and then folded again. It was succeeded by the Edmonton Boosters, who played for three more seasons, and the Edmonton Hi-Grads in 1936 in Canadian football, 1936 (a team of high school graduate all stars.) Elite-level football returned to Edmonton in 1938 in Canadian football, 1938 with a team once again called the ''Edmonton Eskimos Football Club (1938), Eskimos'', this time in the Western Interprovincial Football Union (WIFU). This team ceased operating after only two seasons because of the Second World War.


Team history

The current incarnation of the team began in the 1949 WIFU season as the Edmonton Eskimos under head coach Annis Stukus, for whom the CFL's annual coach of the year award is named. The team played home games at Clarke Stadium and quickly saw success under quarterback Jackie Parker and running back Johnny Bright, winning the Grey Cup three years in a row from 1954 to 1956. The team did not win the Grey Cup again until 1975, the longest drought in team history. The team moved to Commonwealth Stadium in 1978. The team won five consecutive Grey Cups (1978–82), led by superstar quarterbacks Warren Moon and Tom Wilkinson (Canadian football), Tom Wilkinson and head coach Hugh Campbell. After a brief absence, Campbell returned to the team in 1986 and worked for Edmonton in an administrative capacity until his retirement in 2006. This five-year dynasty, followed by the dominance of the city's NHL team the Edmonton Oilers, led the city to be nicknamed the "City of Champions" in the 1980s. Edmonton made it to nine Grey Cups in a ten-year span from 1973 to 1982. In the 1980s and 90s the team's marquee player was Gizmo Williams who still holds many CFL records in punt and kickoff returns and was a key part in Grey Cup victories in 1987 and 1993 under head coach Ron Lancaster. During this period the team was also known for its stellar defensive line, with future Canadian Football Hall of Famers like Danny Kepley and Danny Bass winning Defensive Player of the Year Awards and Willie Pless winning the trophy a record five times. After winning the Grey Cup in both 2003 and 2005, under quarterback Ricky Ray, who is Edmonton's all-time leader in passing yards, the team missed the playoffs the following year, for the first time in 34 years, a North American professional sport record. This led to a ten year Grey Cup drought. After a gap of ten years, Edmonton won the Grey Cup again in 2015, under the leadership of quarterback Mike Reilly (quarterback), Mike Reilly, their most recent championship. In the 2010s and 2020s, North American sports teams began to view the use of Indigenous names and imagery in team names as culturally insensitive. The term ''Eskimo'' is considered an offensive term placed on Inuit people. On June 1, 2021, it was formally announced that the new Edmonton team name would be the Edmonton Elks, a name used by the Edmonton football club of 1922. The team colours, green and gold, have remained essentially the same over the years with only minor modifications to the uniform or logo until 2021, when the EE logo was changed to a stylized image of an elk and the Elks helmet logo was changed to antlers.


Team records and achievements

The Elks have won the Grey Cup more than any other team except the Toronto Argonauts, including more championships than any other since the CFL was formed in the 1950s. This places the Elks second overall to the Toronto Argonauts, who have won 17 Grey Cups (seven since the CFL was formed in 1954). The team also made playoffs for 37 consecutive years from 1927 to 2005, a North American professional sport record. Since re-entering the WIFU in 1949, Edmonton is the only team to have two dynasties of three or more successive Grey Cups: 1954–1956 and 1978-1982. The Elks have also led the CFL in attendance for many years. As of August 2016, Edmonton had the highest average attendance in the league 27 times since moving to Commonwealth Stadium in 1978. Team alumni have figured prominently in Alberta political life: past players include two former provincial premiers (Peter Lougheed and Donald Getty), a former mayor of Edmonton (Bill Smith (Alberta politician), Bill Smith), and a lieutenant-governor (Norman Kwong).


Wall of Honour

The Edmonton Elks have a policy of honouring the players who have best represented the team on the field. The player's name, number and seasons played with the Edmonton Elks are displayed on the edge of the concrete separating the field level from the lower bowl of Commonwealth Stadium (Edmonton), The Brick Field at Commonwealth Stadium. The Elks keep the numbers in circulation rather than retire them from use. Numbers so honoured : † Honoured posthumously


Current roster


Current coaching staff


Head coaches


General managers


CFL awards and trophies

Grey Cup The Grey Cup (french: Coupe Grey) is both the championship game of the Canadian Football League The Canadian Football League (CFL; french: Ligue canadienne de football, LCF, links=no) is a professional sports league A sports league is a grou ...
*42nd Grey Cup, 1954, 43rd Grey Cup, 1955, 44th Grey Cup, 1956, 63rd Grey Cup, 1975, 66th Grey Cup, 1978, 67th Grey Cup, 1979, 68th Grey Cup, 1980, 69th Grey Cup, 1981, 70th Grey Cup, 1982, 75th Grey Cup, 1987, 81st Grey Cup, 1993, 91st Grey Cup, 2003, 93rd Grey Cup, 2005, 103rd Grey Cup, 2015 N. J. Taylor Trophy *, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Grey Cup Most Valuable Player, Grey Cup MVP *Dave Fennell (DT): 66th Grey Cup, 1978, 70th Grey Cup, 1982 *Tom Wilkinson (Canadian football), Tom Wilkinson (QB): 66th Grey Cup, 1978 *Warren Moon (QB): 68th Grey Cup, 1980, 70th Grey Cup, 1982 *Dale Potter (LB): 68th Grey Cup, 1980 *Damon Allen (QB): 75th Grey Cup, 1987, 81st Grey Cup, 1993 *Stewart Hill (DE): 75th Grey Cup, 1987 *Jason Tucker (WR): 91st Grey Cup, 2003 *Ricky Ray (QB): 93rd Grey Cup, 2005 *Mike Reilly (quarterback), Mike Reilly (QB): 103rd Grey Cup, 2015 Dick Suderman Trophy *Garry Lefebvre (DB): 61st Grey Cup, 1973 *Dave Cutler (Canadian football), Dave Cutler (K): 63rd Grey Cup, 1975 *Angelo Santucci (RB): 66th Grey Cup, 1978 *Dale Potter (LB): 68th Grey Cup, 1980 *Neil Lumsden (RB): 69th Grey Cup, 1981 *Dave Fennell (DT): 70th Grey Cup, 1982 *Milson Jones (RB): 75th Grey Cup, 1987 *Sean Fleming (gridiron football), Sean Fleming (P/K): 81st Grey Cup, 1993 *Mike Maurer (FB): 93rd Grey Cup, 2005 *Shamawd Chambers (WR): 103rd Grey Cup, 2015 CFL's Most Outstanding Player Award, Most Outstanding Player Award *Billy Vessels (RB): *Jackie Parker (QB/RB): , , *Johnny Bright (RB): *George McGowan (WR): *Tom Wilkinson (Canadian football), Tom Wilkinson (QB): *Warren Moon (QB): *Tracy Ham (QB): *Mike Reilly (quarterback), Mike Reilly (QB): CFL's Most Outstanding Canadian Award, Most Outstanding Canadian Award *Norman Kwong (RB): , *Dave Fennell (DT): *Blake Marshall (FB): *Leroy Blugh (DE): *Kamau Peterson (WR): *Jerome Messam (RB): CFL's Most Outstanding Defensive Player Award, Most Outstanding Defensive Player Award *Danny Kepley (LB): , , *Dave Fennell (DT): *James "Quick" Parker, James Parker (LB): *Danny Bass (LB): *Willie Pless (LB): , , , , *Elfrid Payton (Canadian football), Elfrid Payton (DE): *J. C. Sherritt (LB): CFL's Most Outstanding Offensive Lineman Award, Most Outstanding Offensive Lineman Award *Charlie Turner (Canadian football), Charlie Turner (OT): *Michael DeForest Wilson, Michael Wilson (OT): , *Rod Connop (C): CFL's Most Outstanding Lineman Award, Most Outstanding Lineman Award *Roger Nelson (Canadian football), Roger Nelson (OT): *John LaGrone (DT): CFL's Most Outstanding Rookie Award, Most Outstanding Rookie Award *Brian Kelly (Canadian football), Brian Kelly (WR): *Shalon Baker (WR): *Dexter McCoil (LB): *Derel Walker (WR): Annis Stukus Trophy *Ray Jauch: *Hugh Campbell: *Ron Lancaster: *Tom Higgins (Canadian football), Tom Higgins: Tom Pate Memorial Award *David Boone (DE): *Hector Pothier (OT): *Rick Walters (Canadian football), Rick Walters (SB): *Adarius Bowman (WR): *Ryan King (LS): Rogers Fans' Choice Award *Ricky Ray (QB): Defunct


Mascots

Punter (an anthropomorphic football) and Spike (an elk) are the mascots for the Edmonton Elks. They were introduced in 2004 and 2021, respectively. Nanook, a polar bear, was introduced in 1997, but was retired and replaced with Spike in 2021, coinciding with the rebranding.


See also

* Edmonton Elks all-time records and statistics * Canadian Football Hall of Fame *
Canadian football Canadian football () is a sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cas ...

Canadian football
* Comparison of Canadian and American football * List of Canadian Football League seasons * List of fan-owned sports teams#Canadian football, List of fan-owned sports teams


References


External links

* * Watc
''Football Story''
a 1953 National Film Board of Canada documentary about the Edmonton Eskimos {{Navboxes, titlestyle={{Gridiron primary style, Edmonton Elks, border=2;, list1= {{CFL {{Edmonton Elks seasons {{Alberta Sports {{42nd Grey Cup {{43rd Grey Cup {{44th Grey Cup {{63rd Grey Cup {{66th Grey Cup {{67th Grey Cup {{68th Grey Cup {{69th Grey Cup {{70th Grey Cup {{75th Grey Cup {{81st Grey Cup {{91st Grey Cup {{93rd Grey Cup {{103rd Grey Cup {{Native American mascot controversy Edmonton Elks Sports clubs established in 1949 Canadian Football League teams Canadian football teams in Edmonton 1949 establishments in Alberta