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EARTH DAY is an annual event celebrated on April 22. Worldwide , various events are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection . First celebrated in 1970, Earth Day
Earth Day
events in more than 193 countries are now coordinated globally by the Earth Day
Earth Day
Network.

On Earth Day
Earth Day
2016, the landmark Paris Agreement was signed by the United States
United States
, China
China
, and some 120 other countries. This signing satisfied a key requirement for the entry into force of the historic draft climate protection treaty adopted by consensus of the 195 nations present at the 2015 United Nations
United Nations
Climate Change Conference in Paris.

In 1969 at a UNESCO
UNESCO
Conference in San Francisco, peace activist John McConnell proposed a day to honor the Earth and the concept of peace, to first be celebrated on March 21, 1970, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. This day of nature's equipoise was later sanctioned in a proclamation written by McConnell and signed by Secretary General U Thant at the United Nations
United Nations
. A month later a separate Earth Day
Earth Day
was founded by United States
United States
Senator Gaylord Nelson as an environmental teach-in first held on April 22, 1970. Nelson was later awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
award in recognition of his work. While this April 22 Earth Day
Earth Day
was focused on the United States, an organization launched by Denis Hayes
Denis Hayes
, who was the original national coordinator in 1970, took it international in 1990 and organized events in 141 nations.

Numerous communities celebrate EARTH WEEK, an entire week of activities focused on the environmental issues that the world faces. In 2017, the March for Science
March for Science
occurred on Earth day (April 22, 2017) and will be followed by the People\'s Climate Mobilization (April 29, 2017).

CONTENTS

* 1 Santa Barbara Oil Blowout, 1969

* 2 Earth Day
Earth Day
1970

* 2.1 New York City
New York City
* 2.2 Philadelphia

* 3 Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 * 4 Earth Day
Earth Day
2000 * 5 Subsequent Earth Day
Earth Day
events * 6 The Earth Day
Earth Day
name * 7 Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada * 8 History of the Equinox
Equinox
Earth Day
Earth Day
(March 20)

* 9 April 22 observances

* 9.1 Growing eco-activism before Earth Day
Earth Day
1970 * 9.2 Significance of April 22

* 10 Earth Day
Earth Day
anthems

* 10.1 Earth Anthem (Abhay K) * 10.2 Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem (William Wallace)

* 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

SANTA BARBARA OIL BLOWOUT, 1969

On January 28th, 1969, a well drilled by Union Oil Platform A off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, blew out. More than three million gallons of oil spewed, killing over 10,000 seabirds, dolphins, seals, and sea lions. As a reaction to this natural disaster, activists were mobilized to create environmental regulation, environmental education, and Earth Day. Among the proponents of Earth Day
Earth Day
were the people in the front lines of fighting this disaster, Selma Rubin, Marc McGinnes, and Bud Bottoms, founder of Get Oil Out.

EARTH DAY 1970

U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie speaking at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia on Earth Day, 1970

The first Earth Day
Earth Day
celebrations took place in two thousand colleges and universities, roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools, and hundreds of communities across the United States. More importantly, it "brought 20 million Americans out into the spring sunshine for peaceful demonstrations in favor of environmental reform." It now is observed in 192 countries, and coordinated by the nonprofit Earth Day
Earth Day
Network, chaired by the first Earth Day
Earth Day
1970 organizer Denis Hayes, according to whom Earth Day
Earth Day
is now "the largest secular holiday in the world, celebrated by more than a billion people every year." Environmental groups have sought to make Earth Day
Earth Day
into a day of action to change human behavior and provoke policy changes.

NEW YORK CITY

In the winter of 1969–1970, a group of students met at Columbia University to hear Denis Hayes
Denis Hayes
talk about his plans for Earth Day. Among the group were Fred Kent , Pete Grannis , and Kristin and William Hubbard. This group agreed to head up the New York City activities within the national movement. Fred Kent took the lead in renting an office and recruiting volunteers. "The big break came when Mayor Lindsay agreed to shut down Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
for the event. A giant cheer went up in the office on that day," according to Kristin Hubbard (now Kristin Alexandre). 'From that time on we used Mayor Lindsay's offices and even his staff. I was Speaker Coordinator but had tremendous help from Lindsay staffer Judith Crichton."

In addition to shutting down Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
, Mayor John Lindsay made Central Park
Central Park
available for Earth Day. In Union Square , New York Times estimated crowds of up to 20,000 people at any given time and, perhaps, as many as over 100,000 over the course of the day. Since Manhattan
Manhattan
was also the home of NBC
NBC
, CBS
CBS
, ABC , The New York Times
The New York Times
, Time , and Newsweek
Newsweek
, it provided the best possible anchor for national coverage from their reporters throughout the country.

PHILADELPHIA

U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie was the keynote speaker on Earth Day
Earth Day
in Fairmount Park
Fairmount Park
in Philadelphia. Other notable attendees included consumer protection activist and presidential candidate Ralph Nader
Ralph Nader
; Landscape Architect Ian McHarg ; Nobel prize-winning Harvard Biochemist, George Wald
George Wald
; U.S. Senate Minority Leader, Hugh Scott ; and poet, Allen Ginsberg
Allen Ginsberg
.

EARTH DAY 1990

Mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues onto the world stage, Earth Day
Earth Day
activities in 1990 gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations
United Nations
Earth Summit
Earth Summit
in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
. Unlike the first Earth Day
Earth Day
in 1970, this 20th Anniversary was waged with stronger marketing tools, greater access to television and radio, and multimillion-dollar budgets. The official logo of the Mount Everest Earth Day 20 International Peace Climb

Two separate groups formed to sponsor Earth Day
Earth Day
events in 1990: The Earth Day
Earth Day
20 Foundation, assembled by Edward Furia (Project Director of Earth Week in 1970), and Earth Day
Earth Day
1990, assembled by Denis Hayes (National Coordinator for Earth Day
Earth Day
1970). Senator Gaylord Nelson , the original founder of Earth Day, was honorary chairman for both groups. The two did not combine forces over disagreements about leadership of combined organization and incompatible structures and strategies. Among the disagreements, key Earth Day
Earth Day
20 Foundation organizers were critical of Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 for including on their board Hewlett-Packard
Hewlett-Packard
, a company that at the time was the second-biggest emitter of chlorofluorocarbons in Silicon Valley and refused to switch to alternative solvents. In terms of marketing, Earth Day
Earth Day
20 had a grassroots approach to organizing and relied largely on locally based groups like the National Toxics Campaign , a Boston-based coalition of 1,000 local groups concerned with industrial pollution. Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 employed strategies including focus group testing, direct mail fund raising, and email marketing.

The Earth Day
Earth Day
20 Foundation highlighted its April 22 activities in George, Washington
George, Washington
, near the Columbia River
Columbia River
with a live satellite phone call with members of the historic Earth Day
Earth Day
20 International Peace Climb who called from their base camp on Mount Everest
Mount Everest
to pledge their support for world peace and attention to environmental issues. The Earth Day 20 International Peace Climb was led by Jim Whittaker , the first American to summit Mt. Everest (many years earlier), and marked the first time in history that mountaineers from the United States , Soviet Union
Soviet Union
, and China
China
had roped together to climb a mountain, let alone Mt. Everest. The group also collected more than two tons of trash (transported down the mountain by support groups along the way) that was left behind on Mount Everest
Mount Everest
from previous climbing expeditions. The master of ceremonies for the Columbia Gorge event was the TV star, John Ratzenberger , from " Cheers
Cheers
", and the headlining musician was the "Father of Rock and Roll," Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
.

Warner Bros. Records released an Earth Day-themed single in 1990 entitled "Tomorrow's World", written by Kix Brooks (who would later become one-half of Brooks & Dunn ) and Pam Tillis
Pam Tillis
. The song featured vocals from Lynn Anderson , Butch Baker , Shane Barmby , Billy Hill , Suzy Bogguss , Kix Brooks, T. Graham Brown , The Burch Sisters , Holly Dunn , Foster "> Earth Day
Earth Day
2007 at San Diego City College
San Diego City College
in San Diego , California
California

To turn Earth Day
Earth Day
into a sustainable annual event rather than one that occurred every 10 years, Nelson and Bruce Anderson, New Hampshire's lead organizers in 1990, formed Earth Day
Earth Day
USA. Building on the momentum created by thousands of community organizers around the world, Earth Day
Earth Day
USA coordinated the next five Earth Day
Earth Day
celebrations through 1995, including the launch of EarthDay.org. Following the 25th Anniversary in 1995, the coordination baton was handed to Earth Day Network.

As the millennium approached, Hayes agreed to spearhead another campaign, this time focusing on global warming and pushing for clean energy . The April 22 Earth Day
Earth Day
in 2000 combined the big-picture feistiness of the first Earth Day
Earth Day
with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day
Earth Day
1990. For 2000, Earth Day
Earth Day
had the internet to help link activists around the world. By the time April 22 came around, 5,000 environmental groups around the world were on board reaching out to hundreds of millions of people in a record 184 countries. Events varied: A talking drum chain traveled from village to village in Gabon
Gabon
, Africa
Africa
, for example, while hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the National Mall
National Mall
in Washington, D.C. , USA.

Earth Day
Earth Day
2007 was one of the largest Earth Days to date, with many people participating in the activities in thousands of places including Kiev
Kiev
, Ukraine
Ukraine
; Caracas
Caracas
, Venezuela
Venezuela
; Tuvalu
Tuvalu
; Manila
Manila
, Philippines
Philippines
; Togo
Togo
; Madrid
Madrid
, Spain
Spain
; London
London
; and New York .

On 2012 Californians for Population Stabilization (CAPS) group brings back Earth Day
Earth Day
to human overpopulation as the main concern. Earth day founder Gaylord Nelson stated that he was disappointed in followers for neglecting overpopulation. It is also important for students and young adults to become involved towards this issue and become engaged with the environmental issues happening now.

For Earth Day
Earth Day
2017, the Earth Day
Earth Day
Network created four toolkits to aid organizations wanting to hold teach-ins to celebrate the theme "Environmental and Climate Literacy." The four toolkits are:

* Earth Day
Earth Day
Action Toolkit: Educating and Activating Communities for Change * Environmental Teach-in Toolkit * Global Day of Conversation Toolkit for Local Governments * MobilizeU: Campus Teach-in Toolkit

2017 also saw the Earth Day
Earth Day
Network co-organize the March for Science rally and teach-in at the National Mall
National Mall
in Washington D.C .

THE EARTH DAY NAME

According to Nelson, the moniker "Earth Day" was "an obvious and logical name" suggested by "a number of people" in the fall of 1969, including, he writes, both "a friend of mine who had been in the field of public relations" and "a New York advertising executive," Julian Koenig . Koenig, who had been on Nelson's organizing committee in 1969, has said that the idea came to him by the coincidence of his birthday with the day selected, April 22; "Earth Day" rhyming with "birthday," the connection seemed natural. Other names circulated during preparations—Nelson himself continued to call it the National Environment Teach-In, but national coordinator Denis Hayes
Denis Hayes
used the term Earth Day
Earth Day
in his communications and press coverage of the event was "practically unanimous" in its use of "Earth Day," so the name stuck. The introduction of the name "Earth Day" was also claimed by John McConnell (see " Equinox
Equinox
Earth Day," below).

EARTH DAY CANADA

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Paul Tinari officially launched the first Canadian Earth Day
Earth Day
on September 11, 1980 – included are Flora MacDonald MP , Ken Keyes and Dr. Ronald Watts

The first Canadian Earth Day
Earth Day
was held on Thursday, September 11, 1980, and was organized by Paul D. Tinari, then a graduate student in Engineering Physics/Solar Engineering at Queen's University. Flora MacDonald , then MP for Kingston and the Islands and former Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, officially opened Earth Day Week on September 6, 1980 with a ceremonial tree planting and encouraged MPs and MPPs across the country to declare a cross-Canada annual Earth Day. The principal activities taking place on the first Earth Day
Earth Day
included educational lectures given by experts in various environmental fields, garbage and litter pick-up by students along city roads and highways as well as tree plantings to replace the trees killed by Dutch Elm Disease.

Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada (EDC) is a national environmental charity founded in 1990 that provides Canadians with practical knowledge, tools, and simple easy-to-accomplish actions to support a healthier environment through EDC's year-round and award-winning programs.

Education: EcoKids supports teachers and students, grades K-8, with free educational resources, curriculum-linked lesson plans including ESL and FSL, and homework help and games for students. EcoMentors offers youth the training and resources they need to facilitate local environmental education workshops with their peers and other young Canadians.

Action: EDC's challenges, contests and campaigns promote practical, culturally relevant and cost-effective solutions to help individual Canadians support a healthier environment. EDC also encourages action by supporting individuals and community groups in the organization and delivery of local Earth Day
Earth Day
(April 22) events.

Recognition and Financial Support: Toyota Earth Day
Earth Day
Scholarship Program recognizes tomorrow's environmental leaders providing twenty $5 000 scholarships to graduating high school students going on to post-secondary education in the discipline of their choice. The Hometown Heroes Award Program recognizes environmental leaders at the community level with an individual and a group award (each with a cash-prize of $10 000), and business leaders with a small business award. Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada's Community Environment Fund funds sustainable community projects in Ontario providing grants of up to $20 000 to schools and not-for-profit organizations.

The Diversity Engagement and Inclusion Initiative helps the environmental sector to better communicate with, engage and activate Canada's diverse social and cultural communities. The Employee Engagement program works with employers to achieve business and sustainability goals through inclusion of best practices.

HISTORY OF THE EQUINOX EARTH DAY (MARCH 20)

Life timeline view • discuss • edit -4500 — – -4000 — – -3500 — – -3000 — – -2500 — – -2000 — – -1500 — – -1000 — – -500 — – 0 — WATER Single-celled life PHOTOSYNTHESIS EUKARYOTES Multicellular life LAND LIFE DINOSAURS MAMMALS FLOWERS ← Earliest Earth (−4540 ) ← Earliest water ← Earliest life ← LHB meteorites ← Earliest oxygen ← Atmospheric oxygen ← Oxygen crisis ← Earliest sexual reproduction ← Ediacara biota ← Cambrian explosion
Cambrian explosion
← Earliest humans P h a n e r o z o i c

P r o t e r o z o i c

A r c h e a n H a d e a n Pongola Huronian Cryogenian Andean Karoo Quaternary Axis scale : millions of years . Orange labels: known ICE AGES. Also see: Human
Human
timeline and Nature timeline

The equinoctial Earth Day
Earth Day
is celebrated on the March equinox
March equinox
(around March 20) to mark the precise moment of astronomical spring in the Northern Hemisphere
Northern Hemisphere
, and of astronomical autumn in the Southern Hemisphere . An equinox in astronomy is that point in time (not a whole day) when the Sun is directly above the Earth's equator, occurring around March 20 and September 23 each year. In most cultures, the equinoxes and solstices are considered to start or separate the seasons .

John McConnell first introduced the idea of a global holiday called "Earth Day" at the 1969 UNESCO
UNESCO
Conference on the Environment. The first Earth Day
Earth Day
proclamation was issued by San Francisco
San Francisco
Mayor Joseph Alioto on March 21, 1970. Celebrations were held in various cities, such as San Francisco
San Francisco
and in Davis, California
California
with a multi-day street party. UN Secretary-General U Thant supported McConnell's global initiative to celebrate this annual event; and on February 26, 1971, he signed a proclamation to that effect, saying:

May there be only peaceful and cheerful Earth Days to come for our beautiful Spaceship Earth
Spaceship Earth
as it continues to spin and circle in frigid space with its warm and fragile cargo of animate life.

United Nations
United Nations
secretary-general Kurt Waldheim
Kurt Waldheim
observed Earth Day with similar ceremonies on the March equinox
March equinox
in 1972, and the United Nations Earth Day
Earth Day
ceremony has continued each year since on the day of the March equinox
March equinox
(the United Nations
United Nations
also works with organizers of the April 22 global event). Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead
added her support for the equinox Earth Day, and in 1978 declared:

" Earth Day
Earth Day
is the first holy day which transcends all national borders, yet preserves all geographical integrities, spans mountains and oceans and time belts, and yet brings people all over the world into one resonating accord, is devoted to the preservation of the harmony in nature and yet draws upon the triumphs of technology, the measurement of time, and instantaneous communication through space. Earth Day
Earth Day
draws on astronomical phenomena in a new way – which is also the most ancient way – by using the vernal Equinox, the time when the Sun crosses the equator making the length of night and day equal in all parts of the Earth. To this point in the annual calendar, EARTH DAY attaches no local or divisive set of symbols, no statement of the truth or superiority of one way of life over another. But the selection of the March Equinox
Equinox
makes planetary observance of a shared event possible, and a flag which shows the Earth, as seen from space, appropriate."

At the moment of the equinox, it is traditional to observe Earth Day by ringing the Japanese Peace Bell , which was donated by Japan to the United Nations. Over the years, celebrations have occurred in various places worldwide at the same time as the UN celebration. On March 20, 2008, in addition to the ceremony at the United Nations, ceremonies were held in New Zealand, and bells were sounded in California, Vienna, Paris, Lithuania, Tokyo, and many other locations. The equinox Earth Day
Earth Day
at the UN is organized by the Earth Society Foundation.

Earth Day
Earth Day
ringing the peace bell is celebrated around the world in many towns, ringing the Peace Bell in Vienna
Vienna
, Berlin
Berlin
, and elsewhere. A memorable event took place at the UN in Geneva, celebrating a Minute for Peace ringing the Japanese Shinagawa Peace Bell with the help of the Geneva Friendship Association and the Global Youth Foundation, directly after in deep mourning about the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant catastrophe 10 days before.

Beside the Spring Equinox
Equinox
for the Northern Hemisphere, the observance of the Spring Equinox
Equinox
for the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
in September is of equal importance. The International Day of Peace is celebrated on the 21st September, and can thus be considered to accord with the original intentions of John McConnell , U Thant and others.

APRIL 22 OBSERVANCES

GROWING ECO-ACTIVISM BEFORE EARTH DAY 1970

In 1968, Morton Hilbert and the U.S. Public Health Service organized the Human
Human
Ecology
Ecology
Symposium, an environmental conference for students to hear from scientists about the effects of environmental degradation on human health. This was the beginning of Earth Day. For the next two years, Hilbert and students worked to plan the first Earth Day. In April 1970—along with a federal proclamation from U.S. Sen. Gaylord Nelson—the first Earth Day
Earth Day
was held.

Project Survival , an early environmentalism-awareness education event, was held at Northwestern University
Northwestern University
on January 23, 1970. This was the first of several events held at university campuses across the United States
United States
in the lead-up to the first Earth Day. Also, Ralph Nader began talking about the importance of ecology in 1970.

The 1960s had been a very dynamic period for ecology in the US. Pre-1960 grassroots activism against DDT
DDT
in Nassau County , New York , and widespread opposition to open-air nuclear weapons tests with their global nuclear fallout , had inspired Rachel Carson to write her influential bestseller, Silent Spring (1962).

SIGNIFICANCE OF APRIL 22

Global selfie – Earth Day, April 22, 2014.

Nelson chose the date in order to maximize participation on college campuses for what he conceived as an "environmental teach-in". He determined the week of April 19–25 was the best bet as it did not fall during exams or spring breaks. Moreover, it did not conflict with religious holidays such as Easter
Easter
or Passover, and was late enough in spring to have decent weather. More students were likely to be in class, and there would be less competition with other mid-week events—so he chose Wednesday, April 22. The day also fell after the anniversary of the birth of noted conservationist John Muir
John Muir
. The National Park Service
National Park Service
, John Muir
John Muir
National Historic Site , has a celebration every year on or around Earth Day
Earth Day
(April 21, 22, or 23), called Birthday-Earth Day, in recognition of Earth Day
Earth Day
and John Muir's contribution to the collective consciousness of environmentalism and conservation.

Unbeknownst to Nelson, April 22, 1970, was coincidentally the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Lenin
Vladimir Lenin
, when translated to the Gregorian calendar (which the Soviets adopted in 1918). Time reported that some suspected the date was not a coincidence, but a clue that the event was "a Communist trick", and quoted a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution as saying, "subversive elements plan to make American children live in an environment that is good for them." J. Edgar Hoover , director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation , may have found the Lenin connection intriguing; it was alleged the FBI conducted surveillance at the 1970 demonstrations. The idea that the date was chosen to celebrate Lenin's centenary still persists in some quarters, an idea borne out by the similarity with the subbotnik instituted by Lenin in 1920 as days on which people would have to do community service, which typically consisted in removing rubbish from public property and collecting recyclable material. Subbotniks were also imposed on other countries within the compass of Soviet power, including Eastern Europe, and at the height of its power the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
established a nationwide subbotnik to be celebrated on Lenin's birthday, April 22, which had been proclaimed a national holiday celebrating communism by Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
in 1955.

EARTH DAY ANTHEMS

See also: Earth Anthem

EARTH ANTHEM (ABHAY K)

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the continents and the oceans of the world united we stand as flora and fauna united we stand as species of one earth black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home.

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the people and the nations of the world all for one and one for all united we unfurl the blue marble flag black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home. “ ” "Earth Anthem" by Abhay K (Under CC by ND-NC)

There are many songs that are performed on Earth Day, that generally fall into two categories. Popular songs by contemporary artists not specific to Earth Day
Earth Day
that are under copyright or new lyrics adapted to children's songs. UNESCO
UNESCO
has termed Indian poet-diplomat Abhay Kumar 's idea of an official Earth Anthem as a creative and inspiring thought that would contribute to bringing the world together. Kumar's "Earth Anthem" has been translated into eight languages including all official languages of the United Nations
United Nations
viz. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish. The other two languages are Hindi and Nepali. It was launched in June 2013 on the occasion of the World Environment Day by Kapil Sibal and Shashi Tharoor
Shashi Tharoor
, Union Ministers of India at a function organized by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations in New Delhi. India's Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE has started using it for educational purposes. Earth Anthem has also been used by partner schools of British Council Schools Online, Regent School, Abuja, Euro School, Kathmandu, Loreto Day School Kolkata Assam Valley School among others. It is also supported by the global organization Habitat For Humanity .

The U.S. Consul General Jennifer McIntyre has called Kumar's Earth Anthem a significant contribution to Earth Day
Earth Day
and truly an anthem for the Earth. Academy Award
Academy Award
winner Hollywood director Jeffrey D. Brown called it a joyous celebration of common humanity.

Bollywood actress Manisha Koirala and singing nun Ani Choying Drolma have advocated an official Earth Anthem and appreciated the work being done by poet-diplomat Abhay K towards an official Earth Anthem. Indian film-maker Shyam Benegal
Shyam Benegal
has called multi-language lyrics extremely inspiring.

EARTH DAY ANTHEM (WILLIAM WALLACE)

The "Ode to Joy" melody by Beethoven, the official anthem of the European Union
European Union
, also is performed on the Earth Day. Lyrics for the Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem set to "Ode to Joy" are as follows:

Joyful joyful we adore our Earth in all its wonderment

Simple gifts of nature that all join into a paradise Now we must resolve to protect her Show her our love throughout all time With our gentle hand and touch We make our home a newborn world Now we must resolve to protect her Show her our love throughout all time With our gentle hand and touch We make our home a newborn world

SEE ALSO

* March for Science
March for Science
(22 April 2017) * Air pollution * Arbor Day * Net capacity factor * Carbon footprint * Copenhagen Accord * Earth Charter * Earth Hour
Earth Hour
* Expo \'74 : "Celebrating Tomorrow's Fresh New Environment" * International Day of Forests * International Mother Earth Day
International Mother Earth Day
* Live Earth
Live Earth
* Pale Blue Dot
Pale Blue Dot
* World
World
Environment Day by the United Nations
United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) * World
World
Water
Water
Day * Environmental politics * IPCC Fifth Assessment Report * Paris Agreement * Politics of global warming
Politics of global warming
* Under2MOU

REFERENCES

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Earth Day
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Earth Day
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China
Are Signing the Historic Paris Agreement on Earth Day". whitehouse.gov. * ^ "Paris Climate Treaty: \'Significant step\' as US and China agree to sign". BBC News. * ^ "\'Today is an historic day,\' says Ban, as 175 countries sign Paris climate accord". United Nations. April 22, 2016. * ^ " Earth Day
Earth Day
Care2 Healthy Living". Care2.com. Retrieved April 24, 2013. * ^ "Staff — The Builtt Foundation". Bullitt.org. Retrieved April 22, 2011. * ^ "The Rumpus Interview With Earth Day
Earth Day
Organizer Denis Hayes". The Rumpus.net. Retrieved April 22, 2011. * ^ Kate Wheeling & Max Ufberg (Apr 18, 2017). "‘The Ocean Is Boiling’: The Complete Oral History of the 1969 Santa Barbara Oil Spill". Pacific Standard. Retrieved May 2, 2017. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link ) * ^ Jack Lewis (November 1985). "The Birth of EPA". United States Environmental Protection Agency . Archived from the original on September 22, 2006. * ^ "About Earth Day
Earth Day
Network". Archived from the original on April 23, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2013. * ^ "Earth Day: The History of A Movement". Earth Day
Earth Day
Network. Retrieved August 16, 2013. * ^ "Millions Observe Earth Day
Earth Day
with a Variety of Activities Across the Country". New York Times: 30. April 23, 1970 – via ProQuest Historical Newspapers. * ^ "The Spirit of the First Earth Day". U.S.Environmental Protection Agency. January–February 1990. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2010. * ^ A B C D "The Business of Earth Day". Nytimes.com. November 12, 1989. Retrieved April 22, 2012. * ^ A B C "Ellensburg Daily Record – Google News Archive Search".

* ^ Hurst, Jack (April 22, 1990). "Earth calling. . .Help! Cautious Nashville is starting to turn green". Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
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Earth Day
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Earth Day
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Earth Day
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finds Indian poet-diplomat\'s idea of an Earth Anthem inspiring Business Standard, February 27, 2014 * ^ Earth Anthem sung by Nepali singer Shreya Sotang released in New Delhi, ANI, June 4, 2013 * ^ Indian Diplomat pens an anthem for Earth, The New Indian Express, June 5, 2013 * ^ Earth Anthem (English), CBSE website, October 6, 2013 * ^ RIS spread CBSE message to all World
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British Schools Online website, April 22, 2014 * ^ The Regent Digest Regent School Abuja website, page-2, June 5, 2014 * ^ Euroschool Newsletter May/June EuroSchool Newsletter, May/June 2015 * ^ Loreto school celebrates Earth Day
Earth Day
EarthSmile.net, April 23, 2015 * ^ Kick the Habit Assam Valley School website June 7, 2014 * ^ Habitat for Humanity International gets people to sing Earth Anthem ANI, August 30, 2014 * ^ Happy Earth Day! U.S. Department of State Newsletter Vol.4, Issue 2, U.S.Consulate General, Chennai, Apr–Jun 2014 * ^ Hollywood director Jeffrey D. Brown lauds Indian poet\'s Abhay K\'s Earth Anthem The Times of India, November 11, 2014 * ^ Manisha, Drolma for Earth Anthem, The Kathmandu Post, April 22, 2014 * ^ Abhay K\'s multi language lyrics of \'Earth Anthem\' extremely inspiring: Benegal ANI, August 6, 2014 * ^ William Wallace. " Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem". Retrieved April 21, 2014.

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