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Earth Day
Earth Day
is an annual event celebrated on April 22. Worldwide, various events are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. First celebrated in 1970, Earth Day
Earth Day
events in more than 193 countries[1] are now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network.[2] On Earth Day
Earth Day
2016, the landmark Paris Agreement
Paris Agreement
was signed by the United States, China, and some 120 other countries.[3][4][5] This signing satisfied a key requirement for the entry into force of the historic draft climate protection treaty adopted by consensus of the 195 nations present at the 2015 United Nations
United Nations
Climate Change Conference in Paris. In 1969 at a UNESCO
UNESCO
Conference in San Francisco, peace activist John McConnell proposed a day to honor the Earth and the concept of peace, to first be celebrated on March 21, 1970, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. This day of nature's equipoise was later sanctioned in a proclamation written by McConnell and signed by Secretary General U Thant
U Thant
at the United Nations. A month later a separate Earth Day
Earth Day
was founded by United States
United States
Senator Gaylord Nelson as an environmental teach-in first held on April 22, 1970. Nelson was later awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
award in recognition of his work.[6] While this April 22 Earth Day
Earth Day
was focused on the United States, an organization launched by Denis Hayes, who was the original national coordinator in 1970, took it international in 1990 and organized events in 141 nations.[7][8] Numerous communities celebrate Earth Week, an entire week of activities focused on the environmental issues that the world faces. In 2017, the March for Science
March for Science
occurred on Earth day (April 22, 2017) and was followed by the People's Climate Mobilization
People's Climate Mobilization
(April 29, 2017).

Contents

1 Santa Barbara Oil Blowout, 1969 2 Earth Day
Earth Day
1970

2.1 New York City 2.2 Philadelphia

3 Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 4 Earth Day
Earth Day
2000 5 Subsequent Earth Day
Earth Day
events 6 The Earth Day
Earth Day
name 7 Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada 8 History of the Equinox
Equinox
Earth Day
Earth Day
(March 20) 9 April 22 observances

9.1 Growing eco-activism before Earth Day
Earth Day
1970 9.2 Significance of April 22

10 Earth Day
Earth Day
anthems

10.1 Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
(Abhay K) 10.2 Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem (William Wallace)

11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Santa Barbara Oil Blowout, 1969 On January 28th, 1969, a well drilled by Union Oil Platform A off the coast of Santa Barbara, California, blew out. More than three million gallons of oil spewed, killing over 10,000 seabirds, dolphins, seals, and sea lions. As a reaction to this natural disaster, activists were mobilized to create environmental regulation, environmental education, and Earth Day. Among the proponents of Earth Day
Earth Day
were the people in the front lines of fighting this disaster, Selma Rubin, Marc McGinnes, and Bud Bottoms, founder of Get Oil Out. [9] Earth Day
Earth Day
1970

U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie
Edmund Muskie
speaking at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia on Earth Day, 1970

The first Earth Day
Earth Day
celebrations took place in two thousand colleges and universities, roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools, and hundreds of communities across the United States. More importantly, it "brought 20 million Americans out into the spring sunshine for peaceful demonstrations in favor of environmental reform."[10] It now is observed in 192 countries, and coordinated by the nonprofit Earth Day
Earth Day
Network, chaired by the first Earth Day
Earth Day
1970 organizer Denis Hayes, according to whom Earth Day
Earth Day
is now "the largest secular holiday in the world, celebrated by more than a billion people every year."[11] Environmental groups have sought to make Earth Day into a day of action to change human behavior and provoke policy changes.[12] New York City In the winter of 1969–1970, a group of students met at Columbia University to hear Denis Hayes
Denis Hayes
talk about his plans for Earth Day. Among the group were Fred Kent, Pete Grannis, and Kristin and William Hubbard. This group agreed to head up the New York City
New York City
activities within the national movement. Fred Kent took the lead in renting an office and recruiting volunteers. "The big break came when Mayor Lindsay agreed to shut down Fifth Avenue
Fifth Avenue
for the event. A giant cheer went up in the office on that day," according to Kristin Hubbard (now Kristin Alexandre). 'From that time on we used Mayor Lindsay's offices and even his staff. I was Speaker Coordinator but had tremendous help from Lindsay staffer Judith Crichton." In addition to shutting down Fifth Avenue, Mayor John Lindsay
John Lindsay
made Central Park
Central Park
available for Earth Day. In Union Square, New York Times estimated crowds of up to 20,000 people at any given time and, perhaps, as many as over 100,000 over the course of the day.[13] Since Manhattan
Manhattan
was also the home of NBC, CBS, ABC, The New York Times, Time, and Newsweek, it provided the best possible anchor for national coverage from their reporters throughout the country.[14] Philadelphia U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie
Edmund Muskie
was the keynote speaker on Earth Day
Earth Day
in Fairmount Park
Fairmount Park
in Philadelphia. Other notable attendees included consumer protection activist and presidential candidate Ralph Nader; Landscape Architect Ian McHarg; Nobel prize-winning Harvard Biochemist, George Wald; U.S. Senate Minority Leader, Hugh Scott; and poet, Allen Ginsberg. Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 Mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues onto the world stage, Earth Day
Earth Day
activities in 1990 gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations
United Nations
Earth Summit
Earth Summit
in Rio de Janeiro. Unlike the first Earth Day
Earth Day
in 1970, this 20th Anniversary was waged with stronger marketing tools, greater access to television and radio, and multimillion-dollar budgets.[15]

The official logo of the Mount Everest
Mount Everest
Earth Day
Earth Day
20 International Peace Climb

Two separate groups formed to sponsor Earth Day
Earth Day
events in 1990: The Earth Day
Earth Day
20 Foundation, assembled by Edward Furia
Edward Furia
(Project Director of Earth Week in 1970), and Earth Day
Earth Day
1990, assembled by Denis Hayes (National Coordinator for Earth Day
Earth Day
1970). Senator Gaylord Nelson, the original founder of Earth Day, was honorary chairman for both groups. The two did not combine forces over disagreements about leadership of combined organization and incompatible structures and strategies.[15] Among the disagreements, key Earth Day
Earth Day
20 Foundation organizers were critical of Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 for including on their board Hewlett-Packard, a company that at the time was the second-biggest emitter of chlorofluorocarbons in Silicon Valley and refused to switch to alternative solvents.[15] In terms of marketing, Earth Day
Earth Day
20 had a grassroots approach to organizing and relied largely on locally based groups like the National Toxics Campaign, a Boston-based coalition of 1,000 local groups concerned with industrial pollution. Earth Day
Earth Day
1990 employed strategies including focus group testing, direct mail fund raising, and email marketing.[15] The Earth Day
Earth Day
20 Foundation highlighted its April 22 activities in George, Washington, near the Columbia River
Columbia River
with a live satellite phone call with members of the historic Earth Day
Earth Day
20 International Peace Climb who called from their base camp on Mount Everest
Mount Everest
to pledge their support for world peace and attention to environmental issues.[16] The Earth Day 20 International Peace Climb
Earth Day 20 International Peace Climb
was led by Jim Whittaker, the first American to summit Mt. Everest (many years earlier), and marked the first time in history that mountaineers from the United States, Soviet Union, and China
China
had roped together to climb a mountain, let alone Mt. Everest.[16] The group also collected more than two tons of trash (transported down the mountain by support groups along the way) that was left behind on Mount Everest
Mount Everest
from previous climbing expeditions. The master of ceremonies for the Columbia Gorge event was the TV star, John Ratzenberger, from "Cheers", and the headlining musician was the "Father of Rock and Roll," Chuck Berry.[16] Warner Bros. Records
Warner Bros. Records
released an Earth Day-themed single in 1990 entitled "Tomorrow's World", written by Kix Brooks
Kix Brooks
(who would later become one-half of Brooks & Dunn) and Pam Tillis.[17] The song featured vocals from Lynn Anderson, Butch Baker, Shane Barmby, Billy Hill, Suzy Bogguss, Kix Brooks, T. Graham Brown, The Burch Sisters, Holly Dunn, Foster & Lloyd, Vince Gill, William Lee Golden, Highway 101, Shelby Lynne, Johnny Rodriguez, Dan Seals, Les Taylor, Pam Tillis, Mac Wiseman, and Kevin Welch. It charted at number 74 on the Hot Country Songs chart dated May 5, 1990.[18] Earth Day
Earth Day
2000 Earth Day
Earth Day
2000 combined the ambitious spirit of the first Earth Day with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day
Earth Day
1990. This was the first year that Earth Day
Earth Day
used the Internet
Internet
as its principal organizing tool, and it proved invaluable nationally and internationally. Kelly Evans, a professional political organizer, served as executive director of the 2000 campaign. The event ultimately enlisted more than 5,000 environmental groups outside the United States, reaching hundreds of millions of people in a record 183 countries.[19] Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
was the official host for the event,[19] and about 400,000 participants stood in the cold rain during the course of the day. Subsequent Earth Day
Earth Day
events

Earth Day
Earth Day
2007 at San Diego City College
San Diego City College
in San Diego, California

To turn Earth Day
Earth Day
into a sustainable annual event rather than one that occurred every 10 years, Nelson and Bruce Anderson, New Hampshire's lead organizers in 1990, formed Earth Day
Earth Day
USA. Building on the momentum created by thousands of community organizers around the world, Earth Day
Earth Day
USA coordinated the next five Earth Day
Earth Day
celebrations through 1995, including the launch of EarthDay.org. Following the 25th Anniversary in 1995, the coordination baton was handed to Earth Day Network. As the millennium approached, Hayes agreed to spearhead another campaign, this time focusing on global warming and pushing for clean energy. The April 22 Earth Day
Earth Day
in 2000 combined the big-picture feistiness of the first Earth Day
Earth Day
with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day
Earth Day
1990. For 2000, Earth Day
Earth Day
had the internet to help link activists around the world. By the time April 22 came around, 5,000 environmental groups around the world were on board reaching out to hundreds of millions of people in a record 184 countries. Events varied: A talking drum chain traveled from village to village in Gabon, Africa, for example, while hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the National Mall
National Mall
in Washington, D.C., USA. Earth Day
Earth Day
2007 was one of the largest Earth Days to date, with many people participating in the activities in thousands of places including Kiev, Ukraine; Caracas, Venezuela; Tuvalu; Manila, Philippines; Togo; Madrid, Spain; London; and New York. For Earth Day
Earth Day
2017, the Earth Day
Earth Day
Network created four toolkits to aid organizations wanting to hold teach-ins to celebrate the theme "Environmental and Climate Literacy."[20] The four toolkits are:

Earth Day
Earth Day
Action Toolkit: Educating and Activating Communities for Change Environmental Teach-in Toolkit Global Day of Conversation Toolkit for Local Governments MobilizeU: Campus Teach-in Toolkit

2017 also saw the Earth Day
Earth Day
Network co-organize the March for Science rally and teach-in at the National Mall
National Mall
in Washington D.C.[20] The Earth Day
Earth Day
name According to Nelson, the moniker "Earth Day" was "an obvious and logical name" suggested by "a number of people" in the fall of 1969, including, he writes, both "a friend of mine who had been in the field of public relations" and "a New York advertising executive," Julian Koenig.[21] Koenig, who had been on Nelson's organizing committee in 1969, has said that the idea came to him by the coincidence of his birthday with the day selected, April 22; "Earth Day" rhyming with "birthday," the connection seemed natural.[22][23] Other names circulated during preparations—Nelson himself continued to call it the National Environment Teach-In, but national coordinator Denis Hayes used the term Earth Day
Earth Day
in his communications and press coverage of the event was "practically unanimous" in its use of "Earth Day," so the name stuck.[21] The introduction of the name "Earth Day" was also claimed by John McConnell (see " Equinox
Equinox
Earth Day," below).[24] Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada

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Paul Tinari officially launched the first Canadian Earth Day
Earth Day
on September 11, 1980 – included are Flora MacDonald MP, Ken Keyes and Dr. Ronald Watts

The first Canadian Earth Day
Earth Day
was held on Thursday, September 11, 1980, and was organized by Paul D. Tinari, then a graduate student in Engineering Physics/Solar Engineering at Queen's University. Flora MacDonald, then MP for Kingston and the Islands
Kingston and the Islands
and former Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, officially opened Earth Day Week on September 6, 1980 with a ceremonial tree planting and encouraged MPs and MPPs across the country to declare a cross-Canada annual Earth Day. The principal activities taking place on the first Earth Day
Earth Day
included educational lectures given by experts in various environmental fields, garbage and litter pick-up by students along city roads and highways as well as tree plantings to replace the trees killed by Dutch Elm Disease.[25][26] Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada (EDC) is a national environmental charity founded in 1990 that provides Canadians with practical knowledge, tools, and simple easy-to-accomplish actions to support a healthier environment through EDC's year-round and award-winning programs. Education: EcoKids supports teachers and students, grades K-8, with free educational resources, curriculum-linked lesson plans including ESL and FSL, and homework help and games for students. EcoMentors offers youth the training and resources they need to facilitate local environmental education workshops with their peers and other young Canadians. Action: EDC's challenges, contests and campaigns promote practical, culturally relevant and cost-effective solutions to help individual Canadians support a healthier environment. EDC also encourages action by supporting individuals and community groups in the organization and delivery of local Earth Day
Earth Day
(April 22) events. Recognition and Financial Support: Toyota Earth Day
Earth Day
Scholarship Program recognizes tomorrow's environmental leaders providing twenty $5 000 scholarships to graduating high school students going on to post-secondary education in the discipline of their choice. The Hometown Heroes Award Program recognizes environmental leaders at the community level with an individual and a group award (each with a cash-prize of $10 000), and business leaders with a small business award. Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada's Community Environment Fund funds sustainable community projects in Ontario providing grants of up to $20 000 to schools and not-for-profit organizations. The Diversity Engagement and Inclusion Initiative helps the environmental sector to better communicate with, engage and activate Canada's diverse social and cultural communities. The Employee Engagement program works with employers to achieve business and sustainability goals through inclusion of best practices. History of the Equinox
Equinox
Earth Day
Earth Day
(March 20) The equinoctial Earth Day
Earth Day
is celebrated on the March equinox
March equinox
(around March 20) to mark the precise moment of astronomical spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and of astronomical autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. An equinox in astronomy is that point in time (not a whole day) when the Sun is directly above the Earth's equator, occurring around March 20 and September 23 each year. In most cultures, the equinoxes and solstices are considered to start or separate the seasons. John McConnell[27] first introduced the idea of a global holiday called "Earth Day" at the 1969 UNESCO
UNESCO
Conference on the Environment. The first Earth Day
Earth Day
proclamation was issued by San Francisco
San Francisco
Mayor Joseph Alioto
Joseph Alioto
on March 21, 1970. Celebrations were held in various cities, such as San Francisco
San Francisco
and in Davis, California
California
with a multi-day street party. UN Secretary-General U Thant
U Thant
supported McConnell's global initiative to celebrate this annual event; and on February 26, 1971, he signed a proclamation to that effect, saying:

May there be only peaceful and cheerful Earth Days to come for our beautiful Spaceship Earth
Spaceship Earth
as it continues to spin and circle in frigid space with its warm and fragile cargo of animate life.[28]

United Nations
United Nations
secretary-general Kurt Waldheim
Kurt Waldheim
observed Earth Day
Earth Day
with similar ceremonies on the March equinox
March equinox
in 1972, and the United Nations Earth Day
Earth Day
ceremony has continued each year since on the day of the March equinox
March equinox
(the United Nations
United Nations
also works with organizers of the April 22 global event). Margaret Mead
Margaret Mead
added her support for the equinox Earth Day, and in 1978 declared:

" Earth Day
Earth Day
is the first holy day which transcends all national borders, yet preserves all geographical integrities, spans mountains and oceans and time belts, and yet brings people all over the world into one resonating accord, is devoted to the preservation of the harmony in nature and yet draws upon the triumphs of technology, the measurement of time, and instantaneous communication through space. Earth Day
Earth Day
draws on astronomical phenomena in a new way – which is also the most ancient way – by using the vernal Equinox, the time when the Sun crosses the equator making the length of night and day equal in all parts of the Earth. To this point in the annual calendar, EARTH DAY attaches no local or divisive set of symbols, no statement of the truth or superiority of one way of life over another. But the selection of the March Equinox
Equinox
makes planetary observance of a shared event possible, and a flag which shows the Earth, as seen from space, appropriate."[29]

At the moment of the equinox, it is traditional to observe Earth Day by ringing the Japanese Peace Bell, which was donated by Japan to the United Nations.[30] Over the years, celebrations have occurred in various places worldwide at the same time as the UN celebration. On March 20, 2008, in addition to the ceremony at the United Nations, ceremonies were held in New Zealand, and bells were sounded in California, Vienna, Paris, Lithuania, Tokyo, and many other locations. The equinox Earth Day
Earth Day
at the UN is organized by the Earth Society Foundation.[31] Earth Day
Earth Day
ringing the peace bell is celebrated around the world in many towns, ringing the Peace Bell in Vienna,[32] Berlin, and elsewhere. A memorable event took place at the UN in Geneva, celebrating a Minute for Peace ringing the Japanese Shinagawa Peace Bell with the help of the Geneva Friendship Association and the Global Youth Foundation,[33] directly after in deep mourning about the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant
catastrophe 10 days before. Beside the Spring Equinox
Equinox
for the Northern Hemisphere, the observance of the Spring Equinox
Equinox
for the Southern Hemisphere
Southern Hemisphere
in September is of equal importance. The International Day of Peace[34] is celebrated on the 21st September, and can thus be considered to accord with the original intentions of John McConnell, U Thant
U Thant
and others. April 22 observances Growing eco-activism before Earth Day
Earth Day
1970 In 1968, Morton Hilbert and the U.S. Public Health Service organized the Human Ecology
Ecology
Symposium, an environmental conference for students to hear from scientists about the effects of environmental degradation on human health.[35] This was the beginning of Earth Day. For the next two years, Hilbert and students worked to plan the first Earth Day.[36] In April 1970—along with a federal proclamation from U.S. Sen. Gaylord Nelson—the first Earth Day
Earth Day
was held.[37] Project Survival, an early environmentalism-awareness education event, was held at Northwestern University
Northwestern University
on January 23, 1970. This was the first of several events held at university campuses across the United States in the lead-up to the first Earth Day. Also, Ralph Nader
Ralph Nader
began talking about the importance of ecology in 1970. The 1960s had been a very dynamic period for ecology in the US. Pre-1960 grassroots activism against DDT
DDT
in Nassau County, New York, and widespread opposition to open-air nuclear weapons tests with their global nuclear fallout, had inspired Rachel Carson
Rachel Carson
to write her influential bestseller, Silent Spring
Silent Spring
(1962). Significance of April 22

Global selfie – Earth Day, April 22, 2014.

Nelson chose the date in order to maximize participation on college campuses for what he conceived as an "environmental teach-in". He determined the week of April 19–25 was the best bet as it did not fall during exams or spring breaks.[38] Moreover, it did not conflict with religious holidays such as Easter
Easter
or Passover, and was late enough in spring to have decent weather. More students were likely to be in class, and there would be less competition with other mid-week events—so he chose Wednesday, April 22. The day also fell after the anniversary of the birth of noted conservationist John Muir. The National Park Service, John Muir
John Muir
National Historic Site, has a celebration every year on or around Earth Day
Earth Day
(April 21, 22, or 23), called Birthday-Earth Day, in recognition of Earth Day
Earth Day
and John Muir's contribution to the collective consciousness of environmentalism and conservation.[39] Unbeknownst to Nelson,[40] April 22, 1970, was coincidentally the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Lenin, when translated to the Gregorian calendar (which the Soviets adopted in 1918). Time reported that some suspected the date was not a coincidence, but a clue that the event was "a Communist trick", and quoted a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution
Daughters of the American Revolution
as saying, "subversive elements plan to make American children live in an environment that is good for them."[41] J. Edgar Hoover, director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, may have found the Lenin connection intriguing; it was alleged the FBI conducted surveillance at the 1970 demonstrations.[42] The idea that the date was chosen to celebrate Lenin's centenary still persists in some quarters,[43][44] an idea borne out by the similarity with the subbotnik instituted by Lenin in 1920 as days on which people would have to do community service, which typically consisted in removing rubbish from public property and collecting recyclable material. Subbotniks were also imposed on other countries within the compass of Soviet power, including Eastern Europe, and at the height of its power the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
established a nationwide subbotnik to be celebrated on Lenin's birthday, April 22, which had been proclaimed a national holiday celebrating communism by Nikita Khrushchev
Nikita Khrushchev
in 1955. Earth Day
Earth Day
anthems See also: Earth Anthem Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
(Abhay K)

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the continents and the oceans of the world united we stand as flora and fauna united we stand as species of one earth black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home.

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl the most beautiful planet in the universe all the people and the nations of the world all for one and one for all united we unfurl the blue marble flag black, brown, white, different colours we are humans, the earth is our home.

“ ”

"Earth Anthem" by Abhay K (Under CC by ND-NC)[45]

There are many songs that are performed on Earth Day, that generally fall into two categories. Popular songs by contemporary artists not specific to Earth Day
Earth Day
that are under copyright or new lyrics adapted to children's songs. UNESCO
UNESCO
has termed Indian poet-diplomat Abhay Kumar's idea of an official Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
as a creative and inspiring thought that would contribute to bringing the world together.[46] Kumar's "Earth Anthem" has been translated into eight languages including all official languages of the United Nations
United Nations
viz. Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish.[47] The other two languages are Hindi and Nepali. It was launched in June 2013 on the occasion of the World
World
Environment Day by Kapil Sibal
Kapil Sibal
and Shashi Tharoor, Union Ministers of India at a function organized by the Indian Council of Cultural Relations in New Delhi.[48] India's Central Board of Secondary Education or CBSE has started using it for educational purposes.[49] Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
has also been used by partner schools of British Council Schools Online,[50] Regent School, Abuja,[51] Euro School, Kathmandu,[52] Loreto Day School Kolkata[53] Assam Valley School among others.[54] It is also supported by the global organization Habitat For Humanity.[55] The U.S. Consul General Jennifer McIntyre has called Kumar's Earth Anthem a significant contribution to Earth Day
Earth Day
and truly an anthem for the Earth.[56] Academy Award
Academy Award
winner Hollywood director Jeffrey D. Brown called it a joyous celebration of common humanity.[57] Bollywood actress Manisha Koirala
Manisha Koirala
and singing nun Ani Choying Drolma have advocated an official Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
and appreciated the work being done by poet-diplomat Abhay K
Abhay K
towards an official Earth Anthem.[58] Indian film-maker Shyam Benegal
Shyam Benegal
has called multi-language lyrics extremely inspiring.[59] Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem (William Wallace) The "Ode to Joy" melody by Beethoven, the official anthem of the European Union, also is performed on the Earth Day. Lyrics for the Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem set to "Ode to Joy" are as follows:

Joyful joyful we adore our Earth in all its wonderment Simple gifts of nature that all join into a paradise Now we must resolve to protect her Show her our love throughout all time With our gentle hand and touch We make our home a newborn world Now we must resolve to protect her Show her our love throughout all time With our gentle hand and touch We make our home a newborn world[60] See also

March for Science
March for Science
(22 April 2017) Air pollution Arbor Day Net capacity factor Carbon footprint Copenhagen Accord Earth Charter Earth Hour Expo '74: "Celebrating Tomorrow's Fresh New Environment" International Day of Forests International Mother Earth Day Live Earth Pale Blue Dot World
World
Environment Day by the United Nations
United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) World
World
Water Day Environmental politics IPCC Fifth Assessment Report Paris Agreement Politics of global warming Under2MOU

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finds Indian poet-diplomat's idea of an Earth Anthem inspiring Business Standard, February 27, 2014 ^ Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
sung by Nepali singer Shreya Sotang released in New Delhi, ANI, June 4, 2013 ^ Indian Diplomat pens an anthem for Earth, The New Indian Express, June 5, 2013 ^ Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
(English), CBSE website, October 6, 2013 ^ RIS spread CBSE message to all World
World
British Schools Online website, April 22, 2014 ^ The Regent Digest Regent School Abuja website, page-2, June 5, 2014 ^ Euroschool Newsletter May/June Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. EuroSchool Newsletter, May/June 2015 ^ Loreto school celebrates Earth Day
Earth Day
EarthSmile.net, April 23, 2015 ^ Kick the Habit Assam Valley School website June 7, 2014 ^ Habitat for Humanity International gets people to sing Earth Anthem ANI, August 30, 2014 ^ Happy Earth Day! U.S. Department of State Newsletter Vol.4, Issue 2, U.S.Consulate General, Chennai, Apr–Jun 2014 ^ Hollywood director Jeffrey D. Brown lauds Indian poet's Abhay K's Earth Anthem
Earth Anthem
The Times of India, November 11, 2014 ^ Manisha, Drolma for Earth Anthem, The Kathmandu Post, April 22, 2014 ^ Abhay K's multi language lyrics of 'Earth Anthem' extremely inspiring: Benegal Archived November 13, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. ANI, August 6, 2014 ^ William Wallace. " Earth Day
Earth Day
Anthem". Retrieved April 21, 2014. 

External links

Look up earth day in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Earth Day.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Environment

Wikinews has related news: Earth Day
Earth Day
2008 marked in various ways

Wikinews has related news: Earth Day
Earth Day
2009 celebrated around the globe

Earth Day

Earth Day
Earth Day
Network – Coordinating worldwide events for Earth Day [permanent dead link] Earth Day
Earth Day
Event Calendar at the EnviroLink Network United States
United States
Earth Day
Earth Day
– The U.S. government's Earth Day
Earth Day
site Earth Day
Earth Day
Canada – The Canadian Official Site for Earth Day Earth Day
Earth Day
at The History Channel [permanent dead link] How the First Earth Day
Earth Day
Came About by Senator Gaylord Nelson EPA Journal: Earth Day
Earth Day
– an entire journal dedicated to Earth Day, written in early 1990 Gaylord Nelson and Earth Day: The Making of the Modern Environmental Movement narrative account of the origins of Earth Day, Nelson's political career, as well as online access to documents from the Wisconsin Historical Society's Nelson Papers collection

Equinoctial Earth Day

Earth Society Foundation – Official organization arranging annual equinox Earth Day
Earth Day
celebration at the United Nations

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in Algeria

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(1) Yennayer
Yennayer
(12)

February

Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day
(14) Tafsut (28)

March

International Women's Day
International Women's Day
(8) Victory Day (19) World
World
Water Day (22) Maghrebi Blood Donation Day (30) Spring vacation (2 last weeks)

April

April Fools' Day
April Fools' Day
(1) Knowledge Day (16) Berber Spring (20) Earth Day
Earth Day
(22) Election Day (Thursday)

May

International Workers' Day
International Workers' Day
(1) World
World
Press Freedom Day (3) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(last Sunday)

June–July–August

Summer vacation (varies)

June

Children's Day
Children's Day
(1) Father's Day
Father's Day
(21)

July

Independence Day (5)

September

International Day of Peace
International Day of Peace
(21)

October

International Day of Non-Violence
International Day of Non-Violence
(2) Halloween
Halloween
(31)

November

Revolution Day (1)

December

Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(24) Christmas
Christmas
(25) New Year's Eve
New Year's Eve
(31) Winter vacation (2 last weeks)

Varies (year round)

Hijri New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(Muharram 1) Ashura
Ashura
(Muharram 10) Mawlid
Mawlid
(Rabi' al-Awwal 12) Ramadan
Ramadan
( Ramadan
Ramadan
1) Laylat al-Qadr
Laylat al-Qadr
( Ramadan
Ramadan
27) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(Shawwal 1) Day of Arafah
Day of Arafah
(Dhu al-Hijjah 9) Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(Dhu al-Hijjah 10) Holi
Holi
(varies)

Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in Algeria, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays.

v t e

Holidays, observances, and celebrations in the United States

January

New Year's Day
New Year's Day
(federal) Martin Luther King Jr. Day
Martin Luther King Jr. Day
(federal)

Confederate Heroes Day (TX) Fred Korematsu Day
Fred Korematsu Day
(CA, FL, HI, VA) Idaho Human Rights Day (ID) Inauguration Day (federal quadrennial, DC area) Kansas Day (KS) Lee–Jackson Day
Lee–Jackson Day
(formerly Lee–Jackson–King Day) (VA) Robert E. Lee Day
Robert E. Lee Day
(FL) Stephen Foster Memorial Day (36) The Eighth (LA, former federal)

January–February

Super Bowl Sunday

February American Heart Month Black History Month

Washington's Birthday/Presidents' Day (federal) Valentine's Day

Georgia Day (GA) Groundhog Day Lincoln's Birthday
Lincoln's Birthday
(CA, CT, IL, IN, MO, NJ, NY, WV) National Girls and Women in Sports Day National Freedom Day (36) Primary Election Day (WI) Ronald Reagan Day
Ronald Reagan Day
(CA) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(CA, MO) Susan B. Anthony Day
Susan B. Anthony Day
(CA, FL, NY, WI, WV, proposed federal)

February–March

Mardi Gras

Ash Wednesday
Ash Wednesday
(religious) Courir de Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(religious) Super Tuesday

March Irish-American Heritage Month National Colon Cancer Awareness Month Women's History Month

St. Patrick's Day (religious) Spring break
Spring break
(week)

Casimir Pulaski Day
Casimir Pulaski Day
(IL) Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez Day
(CA, CO, TX, proposed federal) Evacuation Day (Suffolk County, MA) Harriet Tubman Day
Harriet Tubman Day
(NY) Holi
Holi
(NY, religious) Mardi Gras
Mardi Gras
(AL (in two counties), LA) Maryland Day
Maryland Day
(MD) National Poison Prevention Week
National Poison Prevention Week
(week) Prince Jonah Kūhiō Kalanianaʻole Day (HI) Saint Joseph's Day
Saint Joseph's Day
(religious) Seward's Day (AK) Texas Independence Day
Texas Independence Day
(TX) Town Meeting Day (VT)

March–April

Easter
Easter
(religious)

Palm Sunday
Palm Sunday
(religious) Passover
Passover
(religious) Good Friday
Good Friday
(CT, NC, PR, religious) Easter
Easter
Monday (religious)

April Confederate History Month

420 Day April Fools' Day Arbor Day Confederate Memorial Day
Confederate Memorial Day
(AL, MS) Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust
(week) Earth Day Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
(DC) Thomas Jefferson's Birthday
Jefferson's Birthday
(AL) Pascua Florida (FL) Patriots' Day
Patriots' Day
(MA, ME) San Jacinto Day
San Jacinto Day
(TX) Siblings Day Walpurgis Night
Walpurgis Night
(religious)

May Asian Pacific American Heritage Month Jewish American Heritage Month

Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(federal) Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) Cinco de Mayo

Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk Day
(CA) Law Day (36) Loyalty Day (36) Malcolm X Day
Malcolm X Day
(CA, IL, proposed federal) May Day Military Spouse Day National Day of Prayer
National Day of Prayer
(36) National Defense Transportation Day (36) National Maritime Day (36) Peace Officers Memorial Day
Memorial Day
(36) Truman Day
Truman Day
(MO)

June Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Pride Month

Father's Day
Father's Day
(36)

Bunker Hill Day
Bunker Hill Day
(Suffolk County, MA) Carolina Day
Carolina Day
(SC) Emancipation Day
Emancipation Day
In Texas / Juneteenth
Juneteenth
(TX) Flag Day (36, proposed federal) Helen Keller Day
Helen Keller Day
(PA) Honor America Days (3 weeks) Jefferson Davis Day
Jefferson Davis Day
(AL, FL) Kamehameha Day
Kamehameha Day
(HI) Odunde Festival
Odunde Festival
(Philadelphia, PA) Senior Week (week) West Virginia Day
West Virginia Day
(WV)

July

Independence Day (federal)

Lā Hoʻihoʻi Ea (HI, unofficial) Parents' Day
Parents' Day
(36) Pioneer Day (UT)

July–August

Summer vacation

August

American Family Day (AZ) Barack Obama Day
Barack Obama Day
(IL) Bennington Battle Day (VT) Hawaii Admission Day / Statehood Day (HI) Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
Lyndon Baines Johnson Day
(TX) National Aviation Day
National Aviation Day
(36) Service Reduction Day (MD) Victory over Japan Day (RI, former federal) Women's Equality Day
Women's Equality Day
(36)

September Prostate Cancer Awareness Month

Labor Day
Labor Day
(federal)

California
California
Admission Day (CA) Carl Garner Federal Lands Cleanup Day (36) Constitution Day (36) Constitution Week (week) Defenders Day
Defenders Day
(MD) Gold Star Mother's Day
Mother's Day
(36) National Grandparents Day
National Grandparents Day
(36) National Payroll Week (week) Native American Day (CA, TN, proposed federal) Patriot Day
Patriot Day
(36)

September–October Hispanic Heritage Month

Oktoberfest

Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
(religious) Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur
(religious)

October Breast Cancer Awareness Month Disability Employment Awareness Month Filipino American History Month LGBT History Month

Columbus Day
Columbus Day
(federal) Halloween

Alaska Day (AK) Child Health Day (36) General Pulaski Memorial Day German-American Day Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
(VT) International Day of Non-Violence Leif Erikson Day
Leif Erikson Day
(36) Missouri Day (MO) National School Lunch Week Native American Day (SD) Nevada Day
Nevada Day
(NV) Sweetest Day White Cane Safety Day
White Cane Safety Day
(36)

October–November

Diwali
Diwali
(religious)

November Native American Indian Heritage Month

Veterans Day
Veterans Day
(federal) Thanksgiving (federal)

Day after Thanksgiving (24) Election Day (CA, DE, HI, KY, MT, NJ, NY, OH, PR, WV, proposed federal) Family Day (NV) Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious) Lā Kūʻokoʻa (HI, unofficial) Native American Heritage Day (MD, WA) Obama Day
Obama Day
(Perry County, AL)

December

Christmas
Christmas
(religious, federal)

Alabama Day (AL) Christmas Eve
Christmas Eve
(KY, NC, SC) Day after Christmas
Christmas
(KY, NC, SC, TX) Festivus Hanukkah
Hanukkah
(religious, week) Indiana Day
Indiana Day
(IN) Kwanzaa
Kwanzaa
(religious, week) National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day
(36) New Year's Eve Pan American Aviation Day (36) Rosa Parks Day
Rosa Parks Day
(OH, OR) Wright Brothers Day (36)

Varies (year round)

Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha
(religious) Eid al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr
(religious) Ramadan
Ramadan
(religious, month)

Legend: (federal) = federal holidays, (state) = state holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (week) = weeklong holidays, (month) = monthlong holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays, Hallmark holidays, public holidays in the United States, New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico and the United States Virgin Islands.

.