DULWICH (/ˈdʌlᵻtʃ/ _DULL-itch_ ) is an area of south
England. The settlement is mostly in the
London Borough of Southwark ,
with parts in the
London Borough of
Lambeth and consists of Dulwich
East Dulwich ,
West Dulwich and the
Southwark half of Herne
Hill (which is often referred to as the North
Dulwich lies in a valley between the neighbouring districts of
Camberwell , Crystal Palace ,
Denmark Hill , Forest Hill ,
Sydenham Hill and
Tulse Hill and was in
Surrey until 1889, when the
London was created.
Dulwich was formerly part of the ancient parish of Camberwell, which
later became the Metropolitan Borough of
Camberwell , and included
Nunhead , and other
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Sport and leisure
* 4 Local landmarks
* 4.1 Houses
* 4.2 Churches
* 5 Transport
* 6 Famous residents
* 7 Local government elections
* 7.1 Village (Dulwich)
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 Further reading
* 11 External links
A map showing the
Dulwich wards of
Borough as they appeared in 1916.
The first documented evidence of
Dulwich is as a hamlet outside
London in 967AD, granted by King Edgar to one of his thanes Earl
Aelfheah. The name of
Dulwich has been spelt in various ways, Dilwihs,
Dylways, Dullag, and may come from two old English words,
Dill , a
white flower, and wihs, meaning a damp meadow, giving a meaning of
"the meadow where dill grows".
Harold Godwinson owned the land at one point, and after 1066, King
William I of
England . In 1333, the population of
Dulwich was recorded
In 1538, Henry VIII seized control of
Dulwich and sold it to
goldsmith Thomas Calton for £609. Calton's grandson Sir Francis
Calton sold the Manor of
Dulwich for £4,900 in 1605 to Elizabethan
actor and entrepreneur
Edward Alleyn . He vested his wealth in a
charitable foundation, Alleyn\'s College of God\'s Gift , established
in 1619. The charity's modern successor,
The Dulwich Estate , still
owns 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) in the area, including a number of private
roads and a tollgate.
Alleyn also constructed a school, a chapel and
alms houses in Dulwich.
Dulwich Almshouse Charity and Christ's Chapel
of God's Gift at
Alleyn is buried) still fulfill their
Alleyn's original school building is no longer used for that purpose,
instead now housing the Estate's Governors. The school moved around
1840 to accommodate larger numbers of pupils into new buildings
Charles Barry (junior) , son of
Sir Charles Barry who
Westminster Palace . It was subsequently divided into Dulwich
College and Alleyn\'s School in 1882, the latter moving to the present
day site in Townley Road.
In the 17th century, King Charles I of
on a regular basis to hunt. In 1738, a man named Samuel Bentyman was
On 5 August 1677
John Evelyn writes that he took the waters at
Dulwich waters were cried about the streets of
far back as 1678.
In 1739, Mr. Cox, master of the Green Man, a tavern situated about a
mile south of the village of Dulwich, sunk a well for his family. The
water was found to be possessed of purgative qualities, and was for
some time used medicinally. While the water was popular much custom
was drawn to the adjoining tavern, and its proprietor flourished.
The oak-lined formal avenue, known as Cox's Walk, leading from the
Dulwich Common and Lordship Lane was cut soon after 1732
by Francis Cox to connect his establishment of the Green Man Tavern
Dulwich Wells with the more popular
Sydenham Wells . The
Grove Tavern, public house , located on the busy South Circular road.
By 1815 the Green Man had become a school known as Dr. Glennie 's
Dulwich Grove, although it was demolished about ten years
later. Among the pupils here there were a few who became well known,
Lord Byron , General Le Marchant and
Captain Barclay .
Dr Glennie held Saturday evening concerts which attracted visitors
from outside the family circle, such as the poet Thomas Campbell ,
then living in nearby
Sydenham , and Robert Barker , inventor of the
panorama . Following the closure of the school, the building reverted
to its original use and was known as the Grove Tavern. Dulwich
In 1803, Samuel Matthews – known as the "
Dulwich Hermit" – was
also murdered in
Dulwich Woods; he was buried in
Dulwich Old Cemetery.
1811–1814 saw the building of the
Dulwich Picture Gallery . By
1901, the population was recorded as 10,247.
Second World War
Second World War ,
Dulwich was hit by many V-1 flying bombs
and V-2 rockets . A possible explanation for this is that the British
military when announcing V-1 and V-2 explosions deliberately gave map
co-ordinates four miles north of the truth in an attempt to protect
densely populated central
London and focus the drops on the open
spaces in the suburbs instead.
An old house in
There are a number of recognised districts in Dulwich:
Dulwich Village which includes the traditional village centre
East Dulwich which bounds
Peckham Rye is a separate
centre - not just the eastern end of
Dulwich - with its own distinct
West Dulwich which is a mainly residential area bordering West
Tulse Hill .
Herne Hill (the
Southwark half) which forms the North Dulwich
Denmark Hill ,
Loughborough Junction and
Tulse Hill .
Dulwich Village contains the original shopping street and still
contains nearly all of its original 18th and 19th century buildings.
It remains very uncommercialised and is a conservation zone. The
village borders on
Dulwich Park , where the
Dulwich Horse and Motor
Show is held every year. Modern housing in
SPORT AND LEISURE
Dulwich is also home to
Dulwich Hamlet , founded in 1893 and
competing in the Isthmian League today, they ground share with another
Non-League football club
Fisher F.C. at Champion Hill in East Dulwich.
In recent years Sainsbury's acquired the site, built DHFC a new
ground, and developed one of the largest Sainsbury's in the country.
Old Alleynian Football Club is a local rugby union team originally
for former pupils of
Dulwich College , but is now open to all who wish
Dulwich Paragon cycling club are also based in the area.
Dulwich Park was opened in 1890. It was formerly farmland, part of
the Court Farm, and now offers duck and rowing ponds, children's play
area, bowling green, tennis court, bridle path for horse-riding, and
Dulwich Hospital in
East Dulwich Grove was designed by Henry Jarvis
and built on 7 acres (28,000 m2) of land purchased in
East Dulwich by
the Guardians of the Poor of the
Parish of St Saviour, Southwark, for
the price of £50,000 in 1885. At the time of opening in 1887, it
offered a 723-bed capacity. It was transformed from an infirmary into
Southwark Military Hospital during World War I, when it is
estimated 14,000–15,000 wounded soldiers were treated at the
hospital. After the Poor Law was abolished in 1930, the Southwark
Union Infirmary was renamed
Dulwich Hospital and the following year an
operating theatre was built. In 1964, the hospital was aligned with
King's College Hospital on Denmark Hill. There is no casualty
Dulwich at present. However, in 2015 it was announced
Dulwich Hospital was to be closed and replaced by a school.
There is a memorial fountain in
Dulwich Village which is in
remembrance to Dr George Webster, founder of the first British Medical
Association (BMA), who worked in
Dulwich from 1815 until his death in
Old Burial Ground,
Dulwich Village, was created by
Edward Alleyn as
part of the foundation of his College of God's Gift. The Archbishop of
Canterbury, George Abbot , conducted the consecration on Sunday 1
September 1616. Guests included Edmund Bowyer ,
Thomas Grimes ,
William Gresham , Thomas Hunt and Jeremiah Turner . Thirty five
Dulwich victims of the plague were buried in unmarked graves in the
ground. Old Bridget, queen of the Norwood Gypsies (who appeared in the
Samuel Pepys ) was also buried here in 1768. The ground
was declared "full" in 1858, however the family of Louisa Shroeder
obtained special permission for her remains to be interred in 1868.
The ground's wrought iron gates and twelve tombs are Grade II listed.
The old Grammar School adjacent to the Old College and Almshouses at
the junction of Burbage Road and Gallery Road was designed by Charles
Belair House on the boundary between
West Dulwich and
West Dulwich railway station and was designed in 1785 for
John Files . It remained a private house until 1938 when it came into
the hands of
Southwark Council. It fell into disrepair in the 1990s
but was bought in 1998 and refurbished and turned into an upmarket
restaurant. The house has a large park ground attached which is now
public, including tennis courts and a children's play area. This area
used to be the fields for its farm. The lake is the only substantial
stretch of the ancient
River Effra remaining above ground.
Bell House (Dulwich) in College Road was designed in 1767 for Thomas
Wright , a stationer and later Lord Mayor of the City of
London . A
large extension was added in the mid-19th century and it is
accompanied by a lodge house. The house is Grade II listed. Its name
comes from its Bell Tower situated on top of the original house and
the bell was restored in the late 1990s. It became a
boarding house in 1926 and only returned to private ownership in 1993.
The house was bought in the summer of 2016 by an educational charity.
The Crown and Greyhound public house is in
Dulwich Village. In the
19th century, two separate pubs stood in this area - the centre of
Dulwich Village. The Crown was for the labourers of the area, while
the Greyhound across the road, was for local gentry. The Greyhound was
a coach stop on the
London Piccadilly-Sittingbourne route. Charles
Dickens was a frequent visitor to the village and used to drink at The
Greyhound pub. The current pub, known by locals as "The Dog", is a
Grade II listed building. In the 1960s, it used to be known as the
venue of the "
One of the areas most famous residents and architects was Sir George
Frederick Ellyatt (founder of the architecture practice, Ellyatt ">
The tollgate on College Road, Dulwich,
London SE21. Paying the
toll at the College Road, Dulwich,
London SE21 tollgate, which dates
back to 1789. A table of tolls in pre-decimal currency for the
College Road, Dulwich,
London SE21 tollgate.
Dulwich sits astride the South Circular (A205) , one of London's Ring
Roads . Also passing through the area is the A2199 and College Road,
which features a working tollgate dating back to 1789.
The journey to
London Victoria from
West Dulwich railway station
takes about 12 minutes and there are direct trains to and from London
Blackfriars and points north on the Thameslink line during the morning
and evening peak periods respectively,
East Dulwich is 12 minutes from
London Bridge and North
Dulwich is 14 minutes from
London Bridge . The
nearest stations are in:
Denmark Hill ,
East Dulwich ,
West Dulwich ,
Dulwich , Gipsy Hill ,
Herne Hill ,
Peckham Rye ,
Tulse Hill .
Dulwich is served by
London Buses routes 3 , 12 , 37 , 40 , 42 , 176
, 185 , 197 , 201 , 484 , 450 , P4 and P13 .
One of the least known facts about
Dulwich is that certain houses, in
a direct line from North
Dulwich Station towards
West Dulwich station,
have clauses in their Title Deeds protecting the right to build an
underground railway beneath their property - it has of course still to
be built, 140 years later.
This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this
section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material
may be challenged and removed . (July 2010)_ _(Learn how and when to
remove this template message )_
Famous people born there include: the author,
Enid Blyton in 1897;
the first compiler of the
London A-Z ,
Phyllis Pearsall in East
Dulwich in 1906, she went on to live in
Dulwich Village; the war-time
singer Anne Shelton in 1923 (or 1928?) and who lived on Court Lane
until shortly before her death in 1994; also on Court Lane, Dr
Reginald John Gladstone
FRSE embryologist, lived here until his house
was destroyed in the blitz in 1941; TV personality
Sue Perkins in
Trevor Sinclair in 1973; and
Su-Elise Nash , former
pop singer with
Mis-teeq in 1981. The actor
Tim Roth was born there in
Bon Scott , the lead singer of
AC/DC , after a night's heavy
drinking, was found lifeless in a car outside 67 Overhill Road, East
Dulwich. He was rushed to hospital but was dead on arrival at King's
The Village has also long been popular with people in show business;
Ronnie Corbett lived there for years.
Jo Brand , the comedian,
currently owns a house in Herne Hill.
James Nesbitt , the actor, lives
in Herne Hill.
Rob Da Bank Radio One DJ & Bestival organiser, resides
in East Dulwich.
Carl Barat Libertines lead singer, lives on Lordship
Micky Flanagan Stand up comedian moved to the village upon
hearing Lady Gillian Burt of Cottingham resided in the area. Sacha
Baron Cohen lived in
Dulwich Wood Avenue when his "Ali-G" character
was still called "Diagon-Ali".
Ronnie Reed , who ran double agents
Second World War
Second World War , and was an
MI5 officer from 1940 to
1976, lived in Court Lane Gardens from 1960-1995.
Marlon King , the
footballer, owned a house in
Dulwich when he played for Watford. Huw
Edwards , the BBC News at Ten newsreader, also resides in the West
part of Dulwich. Tesco 'Spudhunter' margin-bottom:-1px;border:1px
solid #aaa;padding:.2em .4em">Village
Robin Crookshank-Hilton *
Labour GAIN from Liberal Democrat
The 2010 election saw the Liberal Democrats gain a seat off the
Conservatives. Crookshank-Hilton had previously been a Conservative
ward councillor whom defected and sought re-election as a Liberal
ROBIN CROOKSHANK HILTON *
TOBY ECKERSLEY *
Liberal Democrat GAIN from Conservative
Dulwich OnView , a local virtual community
* ^ "Camberwell", British History online
* ^ Charity Commission . The
Dulwich Estate, registered charity no.
* ^ Charity Commission .
Dulwich Almshouse Charity, registered
charity no. 207167.
* ^ Charity Commission . Christ\'s Chapel of God\'s Gift at
Dulwich, registered charity no. 1057970.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Edward Walford (1878). "Chapter XXII \'
Dulwich\'". _Old and New London_. 6. British History Online. pp.
286–303. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
* ^ "\'
Peckham and Dulwich\', Old and New London: Volume 6 (1878),
pp. 286-303". British-history.ac.uk. 2003-06-22. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
* ^ Hall, Edwin (1922). _
Dulwich History and Romance 2nd Edition_.
Bickers and Sons. p. 46.
* ^ From the Nun's Head to the Screaming Alice by Mathew Frith, The
Friends of the Great North Wood, 1995
Dulwich hospital history Archived 16 April 2008 at the Wayback
* ^ "
Dulwich village history". Southlondonguide.co.uk. Retrieved
* ^ "
Dulwich Green Spaces". Southwark.gov.uk. 2005-04-01. Retrieved
* ^ "Dickens\'
Council". _Southwark.gov.uk_. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
* ^ All Saints Church Archived 16 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine
* ^ "St Barnabas". Ideal-homes.org.uk. Archived from the original
on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
* ^ "Why Enid Blyton\'s greatest creation was herself". Telegraph.
* ^ Reed, Nicholas (2011). _My Father, The Man Who Never Was:
Ronnie Reed, The Life and Times of an
MI5 Officer_. Folkestone:
Lilburne Press. ISBN 978-1-901167-21-4 .
* ^ "Election results for Village Ward".
Southwark Council. 22 May
2014. Retrieved 26 August 2015.
* ^ "Election results for Village Ward".
Southwark Council. 7 May
2010. Retrieved 8 May 2010.
* Boast, Mary (
London Borough of Southwark, 1975) _The Story of
* Darby, William (1966) _
* Darby, William (Darby; Cory, Adams & Mackay, 1967) _Dulwich: A
Place in History_
* Darby, Patrick (
Dulwich Society, 2000) _The houses in-between: A
history of the houses on the north side of
Dulwich Common, between
College Road and Gallery Road_
* Dyos, H. J. (Univ of Leicester, 1962) _Victorian Suburb_
* Galer, Allan Maxley (Truslove and Shipley, 1905) _Norwood &
* Green, Brian (
Dulwich Society, 1995) _Dulwich, the Home Front,
* Green, Brian (Quotes Ltd, 1988) _Victorian & Edwardian Dulwich_
* Green, Brian (2002) _Dulwich: A History_
* Hall, Edwin T. (Bickers, 1917) _
Dulwich History and Romance AD
* Powell, Kenneth (Merrell Publishers Ltd, 2004) _City Reborn:
Architecture and Regeneration in London, from
Bankside to Dulwich_
* Tames, Richard (Historical Publication Ltd, 1997) _
Camberwell Past: With Peckham_