Dulwich (/ˈdʌlɪtʃ/ DUL-itch) is an area of south London, England.
The settlement is mostly in the
London Borough of Southwark, with
parts in the
London Borough of
Lambeth and consists of Dulwich
Village, East Dulwich,
West Dulwich and the
Southwark half of Herne
Hill (which is often referred to as the North
Dulwich lies in a valley between the neighbouring districts of
Camberwell, Crystal Palace, Denmark Hill, Forest Hill, Peckham,
Sydenham Hill and
Tulse Hill and was in
Surrey until 1889, when the
London was created.
Dulwich was formerly part of the ancient parish of Camberwell, which
later became the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell, and included
Camberwell, Peckham, Nunhead, and other
3 Sport and leisure
4 Local landmarks
6 Famous residents
7 Local government elections
7.1 Village (Dulwich)
8 See also
10 Further reading
11 External links
A map showing the
Dulwich wards of
Camberwell Metropolitan Borough as
they appeared in 1916
The first documented evidence of
Dulwich is as a hamlet outside London
in 967 AD, granted by King Edgar to one of his thanes Earl Aelfheah.
The name of
Dulwich has been spelt in various ways, Dilwihs, Dylways,
Dullag, and may come from two old English words, Dill, a white flower,
and wihs, meaning a damp meadow, giving a meaning of "the meadow where
Harold Godwinson owned the land at one point, and after 1066, King
William I of England. In 1333, the population of
Dulwich was recorded
In 1538, Henry VIII seized control of
Dulwich and sold it to goldsmith
Thomas Calton for £609. Calton's grandson Sir Francis Calton sold the
Dulwich for £4,900 in 1605 to
Elizabethan actor and
entrepreneur Edward Alleyn. He vested his wealth in a charitable
Alleyn's College of God's Gift, established in 1619. The
charity's modern successor, The
Dulwich Estate, still owns 1,500
acres (6.1 km2) in the area, including a number of private roads
and a tollgate.
Alleyn also constructed a school, a chapel and alms
houses in Dulwich.
Dulwich Almshouse Charity and Christ's Chapel of
God's Gift at Dulwich (where
Alleyn is buried) still fulfill their
Alleyn's original school building is no longer used for that purpose,
instead now housing the Estate's Governors. The school moved around
1840 to accommodate larger numbers of pupils into new buildings
Charles Barry (junior), son of
Sir Charles Barry
Sir Charles Barry who
Westminster Palace. It was subsequently divided into Dulwich
Alleyn's School in 1882, the latter moving to the present
day site in Townley Road.
In the 17th century, King Charles I of
on a regular basis to hunt. In 1738, a man named Samuel Bentyman was
On 5 August 1677
John Evelyn writes that he took the waters at
Dulwich waters were cried about the streets of
far back as 1678.
In 1739, Mr. Cox, master of the Green Man, a tavern situated about a
mile south of the village of Dulwich, sunk a well for his family. The
water was found to be possessed of purgative qualities, and was for
some time used medicinally. While the water was popular much custom
was drawn to the adjoining tavern, and its proprietor flourished.
The oak-lined formal avenue, known as Cox's Walk, leading from the
Dulwich Common and Lordship Lane was cut soon after
1732 by Francis Cox to connect his establishment of the Green Man
Dulwich Wells with the more popular
The Grove Tavern, public house, located on the busy South Circular
By 1815 the Green Man had become a school known as Dr. Glennie's
Dulwich Grove, although it was demolished about ten years
later. Among the pupils here there were a few who became well known,
Lord Byron, General Le Marchant and Captain Barclay.
Dr Glennie held Saturday evening concerts which attracted visitors
from outside the family circle, such as the poet Thomas Campbell, then
living in nearby Sydenham, and Robert Barker, inventor of the
panorama. Following the closure of the school, the building reverted
to its original use and was known as the Grove Tavern. The building
has now been boarded up and neglected for many years by owners the
Dulwich Picture Gallery
In 1803, Samuel Matthews – known as the "
Dulwich Hermit" – was
also murdered in
Dulwich Woods; he was buried in
1811–1814 saw the building of the
Dulwich Picture Gallery. By 1901,
the population was recorded as 10,247.
In the Second World War,
Dulwich was hit by many V-1 flying bombs and
V-2 rockets. A possible explanation for this is that the British
military when announcing V-1 and V-2 explosions deliberately gave map
co-ordinates four miles north of the truth in an attempt to protect
densely populated central
London and focus the drops on the open
spaces in the suburbs instead.
An old house in
There are a number of recognised districts in Dulwich:
Dulwich Village which includes the traditional village centre
West Dulwich which is a mainly residential area bordering West Norwood
and Tulse Hill.
Herne Hill (the
Southwark half) which forms the North Dulwich
Triangle, borders Brixton, Denmark Hill,
Loughborough Junction and
East Dulwich, despite its name, is not part of Dulwich. Rather, is a
subdivision of Peckham.
Dulwich Village contains the original shopping street and still
contains nearly all of its original 18th and 19th century buildings.
It remains very uncommercialised and is a conservation zone. The
village borders on
Dulwich Park, where the
Dulwich Horse and Motor
Show is held every year.
Modern housing in
Sport and leisure
Dulwich is also home to
Dulwich Hamlet, founded in 1893 and competing
in the Ryman Isthmian League today, they ground share with another
Non-League football club
Fisher F.C. at Champion Hill in East Dulwich.
In recent years Sainsbury's acquired the site, built DHFC a new
ground, and developed one of the largest Sainsbury's in the country.
Old Alleynian Football Club is a local rugby union team originally
for former pupils of
Dulwich College, but is now open to all who wish
Dulwich Paragon cycling club are also based in the area.
Alleyn Old Boys Club - former pupils of
Alleyn's School - is located
on Burbage Road.
Dulwich has two running clubs, namely
Dulwich Park RC and Dulwich
Dulwich Park was opened in 1890. It was formerly farmland, part of the
Court Farm, and now offers duck and rowing ponds, children's play
area, bowling green, tennis court, bridle path for horse-riding, and
Dulwich Hospital in
East Dulwich Grove was designed by Henry Jarvis
and built on 7 acres (28,000 m2) of land purchased in East
Dulwich by the Guardians of the Poor of the
Parish of St Saviour,
Southwark, for the price of £50,000 in 1885. At the time of
opening in 1887, it offered a 723-bed capacity. It was transformed
from an infirmary into the
Southwark Military Hospital during World
War I, when it is estimated 14,000–15,000 wounded soldiers were
treated at the hospital. After the Poor Law was abolished in 1930, the
Southwark Union Infirmary was renamed
Dulwich Hospital and the
following year an operating theatre was built. In 1964, the hospital
was aligned with King's College Hospital on Denmark Hill. There is no
casualty department at
Dulwich at present. However, in 2015 it was
Dulwich Hospital was to be closed and replaced by a
There is a memorial fountain in
Dulwich Village which is in
remembrance to Dr George Webster, founder of the first British Medical
Association (BMA), who worked in
Dulwich from 1815 until his death in
Old Burial Ground,
Dulwich Village, was created by
Edward Alleyn as
part of the foundation of his College of God's Gift. The Archbishop of
Canterbury, George Abbot, conducted the consecration on Sunday 1
September 1616. Guests included Edmund Bowyer, Thomas Grimes,
William Gresham, Thomas Hunt and Jeremiah Turner. Thirty five Dulwich
victims of the plague were buried in unmarked graves in the ground.
Old Bridget, queen of the Norwood Gypsies (who appeared in the
writings of Samuel Pepys) was also buried here in 1768. The ground was
declared "full" in 1858, however the family of Louisa Shroeder
obtained special permission for her remains to be interred in 1868.
The ground's wrought iron gates and twelve tombs are Grade II listed.
The old Grammar School adjacent to the Old College and Almshouses at
the junction of Burbage Road and Gallery Road was designed by Charles
Belair House on the boundary between
West Dulwich and
West Dulwich railway station and was designed in 1785 for
John Files. It remained a private house until 1938 when it came into
the hands of
Southwark Council. It fell into disrepair in the 1990s
but was bought in 1998 and refurbished and turned into an upmarket
restaurant. The house has a large park ground attached which is now
public, including tennis courts and a children's play area. This area
used to be the fields for its farm. The lake is the only substantial
stretch of the ancient
River Effra remaining above ground.
Bell House (Dulwich)
Bell House (Dulwich) in College Road was designed in 1767 for Thomas
Wright, a stationer and later Lord Mayor of the City of London. A
large extension was added in the mid-19th century and it is
accompanied by a lodge house. The house is Grade II listed. Its name
comes from its Bell Tower situated on top of the original house and
the bell was restored in the late 1990s. It became a
boarding house in 1926 and only returned to private ownership in 1993.
The house was bought in the summer of 2016 by an educational charity.
The Crown and Greyhound
The Crown and Greyhound public house is in
Dulwich Village. In the
19th century, two separate pubs stood in this area - the centre of
Dulwich Village. The Crown was for the labourers of the area, while
the Greyhound across the road, was for local gentry. The Greyhound was
a coach stop on the
London Piccadilly-Sittingbourne route. Charles
Dickens was a frequent visitor to the village and used to drink at The
Greyhound pub. The current pub, known by tourists, but never by
locals, as "The Dog", is a Grade II listed building. In the 1960s, it
used to be known as the venue of the "
One of the area's most famous residents and architects was Sir George
Frederick Ellyatt (founder of the architecture practice, Ellyatt &
Porter). He was responsible for the design or influence of in excess
of 25 homes in the area, each built in its own individual style. One
of the most notable homes was Crossways, 1
Dulwich Village, which he
built as his own home following being granted permission to do so in
January 1927 at a cost of just over £2000 and with a ground rent of
£22 10s per annum. Uniquely, Ellyatt sought and was granted
permission to build in 9" solid brick walls rather than 11" cavity
walls (as was usual convention) as long as he used cement mortar. The
site was originally occupied by a Georgian built home, known locally
as "the Hall" which had become partially derelict during world war 1
and was demolished in 1925. Crossways still exists in substantially
the same manner and form as when it was originally built.
All Saints Church,
West Dulwich (Church of England) alongside
Rosendale Road is a Victorian Gothic building, originally intended to
be the cathedral for south London. The church was built between 1888
and 1897 and designed by George Fellowes Prynne, a pupil of George
Edmund Street. Although plans were scaled down it was still a huge
building and is a Grade I listed building. Unfortunately it was gutted
by a huge fire on 9 June 2000, the cause remains unknown. The
building reopened in April 2006 after a three-year restoration
St Barnabas Church (Church of England) lies on Calton Avenue at the
Dulwich Village. The old church was designed by W H Wood of
Newcastle upon Tyne and consecrated in 1894. However the original
church burnt down in an arson attack by 'unknown persons' on Monday 7
December 1992. The "Phoenix appeal" raised money to build a new
church and the replacement structure, designed by Larry Malcic with an
all-glass spire, was opened in 1996.
In the south, the spire of St. Stephen's Church can be seen above the
Dulwich Wood, adjacent to
Sydenham Hill railway station.
The tollgate on College Road, Dulwich,
Paying the toll at the College Road, Dulwich,
London SE21 tollgate,
which dates back to 1789
A table of tolls in pre-decimal currency for the College Road,
London SE21 tollgate
Dulwich sits astride the South Circular (A205), one of London's Ring
Roads. Also passing through the area is the A2199 and College Road,
which features a working tollgate dating back to 1789.
The journey to
London Victoria from
West Dulwich railway station takes
about 12 minutes and there are direct trains to and from London
Blackfriars and points north on the Thameslink line during the morning
and evening peak periods respectively,
East Dulwich is 12 minutes from
London Bridge and North
Dulwich is 14 minutes from
London Bridge. The
nearest stations are in: Denmark Hill, East Dulwich, West Dulwich,
North Dulwich, Gipsy Hill, Herne Hill,
Sydenham Hill and
Dulwich is served by
London Buses routes 3, 12, 37, 40, 42, 176, 185,
197, 201, 484, 450, P4 and P13.
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Famous people born there include: artist
Madge Tennent in 1889;
Enid Blyton in 1897; the first compiler of the London
Phyllis Pearsall in
East Dulwich in 1906, she went on to live in
Dulwich Village; the war-time singer Anne Shelton in 1923 (or 1928?)
and who lived on Court Lane until shortly before her death in 1994;
also on Court Lane, Dr
Reginald John Gladstone
lived here until his house was destroyed in the blitz in 1941; TV
Sue Perkins in 1969; footballer
Trevor Sinclair in 1973;
Su-Elise Nash, former pop singer with
Mis-teeq in 1981; the actor Tim
Roth in 1961; and the actress
Sally Hawkins in 1976.
In 1980 Bon Scott, the lead singer of AC/DC, after a night's heavy
drinking, was found lifeless in a car outside 67 Overhill Road, East
Dulwich. He was rushed to hospital but was dead on arrival at King's
The Village has also long been popular with people in show business;
Ronnie Corbett lived there for years. Jo Brand, the comedian,
currently owns a house in Herne Hill. James Nesbitt, the actor, lives
in Herne Hill.
Rob Da Bank
Rob Da Bank Radio One DJ & Bestival organiser,
resides in East Dulwich.
Carl Barat Libertines lead singer, lives on
Micky Flanagan Stand up comedian moved to the village
upon hearing Lady Gillian Burt of Cottingham resided in the area.
Sacha Baron Cohen
Sacha Baron Cohen lived in
Dulwich Wood Avenue when his "Ali-G"
character was still called "Diagon-Ali". Ronnie Reed, who ran double
agents during the Second World War, and was an
MI5 officer from 1940
to 1976, lived in Court Lane Gardens from 1960-1995. Marlon King,
the footballer, owned a house in
Dulwich when he played for Watford.
Huw Edwards, the BBC News at Ten newsreader, also resides in the West
part of Dulwich. Tesco 'Spudhunter' & TV presenter Jonathan
Corbett based in the
East Dulwich area. TV Presenter
Kate Thornton and
her partner, DJ
Darren Emerson also reside in Dulwich. Sky business
Darshini David resides in
Dulwich has also been home to several
Members of Parliament and senior
Margaret Thatcher bought a house in a "gated
Dulwich after her time as Prime Minister of the United
Kingdom. Edward George, Baron George, governor of the Bank of England
and himself an Old Alleynian, lived in Gilkes Crescent just off the
Village until his retirement.
Ian McColl, Baron McColl of Dulwich
Ian McColl, Baron McColl of Dulwich who
served as John Major's
Parliamentary Private Secretary
Parliamentary Private Secretary in the House of
Lords, also lives there. Admiral Sir Michael Boyce, a former Chief of
the Defence Staff, lived in Woodwarde Road and Sir John Scarlett, head
of MI6, lived just off the South Circular Road.
Harriet Harman MP
lives in Winterbrook Road,
Albert Booth MP, Secretary of State for
Employment under Jim Callaghan, lived on the corner of Woodwarde Road
and Desenfans Road and Sir Robin Butler, secretary to the Cabinet,
lived in Half Moon Lane. Other MPs including
Ian Twinn MP (formerly
Andrew Rowe MP (formerly North Kent) have also, or still
do, live in the neighbourhood.
In the closing chapter of Charles Dickens' romance The Pickwick
Papers, Samuel Pickwick retires to a house in Dulwich, "one of the
most pleasant spots near London."
Local government elections
2014 Council elections saw the Conservatives retain their two seats,
with Labour gaining one off the Liberal Democrats, the Conservatives
need a swing of 0.03% to gain the seat from Labour.
Robin Crookshank-Hilton *
Labour gain from Liberal Democrat
The 2010 election saw the Liberal Democrats gain a seat off the
Conservatives. Crookshank-Hilton had previously been a Conservative
ward councillor whom defected and sought re-election as a Liberal
Robin Crookshank Hilton *
Toby Eckersley *
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative
Dulwich OnView, a local virtual community
^ "Camberwell", British History online
^ Charity Commission. The
Dulwich Estate, registered charity no.
^ Charity Commission.
Dulwich Almshouse Charity, registered charity
^ Charity Commission. Christ's Chapel of God's Gift at Dulwich,
registered charity no. 1057970.
^ a b Edward
Walford (1878). "Chapter XXII '
Peckham and Dulwich'". Old
and New London. 6. British History Online. pp. 286–303.
Peckham and Dulwich', Old and New London: Volume 6 (1878), pp.
286-303". British-history.ac.uk. 2003-06-22. Retrieved
^ Hall, Edwin (1922).
Dulwich History and Romance 2nd Edition. Bickers
and Sons. p. 46.
^ From the Nun's Head to the Screaming Alice by Mathew Frith, The
Friends of the Great North Wood, 1995
Dulwich hospital history Archived 16 April 2008 at the Wayback
Dulwich village history". Southlondonguide.co.uk. Retrieved
Dulwich Green Spaces". Southwark.gov.uk. 1 April 2005. Archived
from the original on 19 July 2009. Retrieved 3 May 2010.
Southwark.gov.uk. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2016-04-04.
^ All Saints Church Archived 16 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "St Barnabas". Ideal-homes.org.uk. Archived from the original on 15
April 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
^ Wageman, Virginia. "Larger than Life". Hana Hou (Vol. 5, No. 5).
Hawaiian Airlines. Retrieved 9 August 2017.
^ "Why Enid Blyton's greatest creation was herself". Telegraph.
^ Reed, Nicholas (2011). My Father, The Man Who Never Was: Ronnie
Reed, The Life and Times of an
MI5 Officer. Folkestone: Lilburne
Press. ISBN 978-1-901167-21-4.
^ "Election results for Village Ward".
Southwark Council. 22 May 2014.
Retrieved 26 August 2015.
^ "Election results for Village Ward".
Southwark Council. 7 May 2010.
Retrieved 8 May 2010.
Boast, Mary (
London Borough of Southwark, 1975) The Story of Dulwich
Darby, William (1966)
Darby, William (Darby; Cory, Adams & Mackay, 1967) Dulwich: A
Place in History
Darby, Patrick (
Dulwich Society, 2000) The houses in-between: A
history of the houses on the north side of
Dulwich Common, between
College Road and Gallery Road
Dyos, H. J. (Univ of Leicester, 1962) Victorian Suburb
Galer, Allan Maxley (Truslove and Shipley, 1905) Norwood & Dulwich
Green, Brian (
Dulwich Society, 1995) Dulwich, the Home Front,
Green, Brian (Quotes Ltd, 1988) Victorian & Edwardian Dulwich
Green, Brian (2002) Dulwich: A History
Hall, Edwin T. (Bickers, 1917)
Dulwich History and Romance AD
Powell, Kenneth (Merrell Publishers Ltd, 2004) City Reborn:
Architecture and Regeneration in London, from
Bankside to Dulwich
Tames, Richard (Historical Publication Ltd, 1997)
Camberwell Past: With Peckham
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dulwich.
Dulwich Park Friends photos
Dulwich community website including history
Images of old Dulwich
Dulwich Picture Gallery
Peckham & Dulwich
Dulwich Village C of E Infants' School (DVIS)
Dulwich Decorative & Fine Arts Society
Dulwich Tennis Club
London Borough of Southwark
Elephant and Castle
Bramah Tea and Coffee Museum
Dulwich Picture Gallery
Fire Brigade Museum
Herne Hill Stadium
House of Dreams Museum
Imperial War Museum
Livesey Museum for Children
Mandela Way T-34 Tank
Old Operating Theatre Museum and Herb Garret
The Old Vic
Pumphouse Educational Museum
Purdy Hicks Gallery
Sam Wanamaker Playhouse
Bridges and tunnels
Blackfriars Railway Bridge
Cannon Street Railway Bridge
Parks and open spaces
Bermondsey Spa Gardens
Dickens Square Park
Geraldine Mary Harmsworth Park
Little Dorrit Park
Camberwell and Peckham
Southwark and Bermondsey
Dulwich and West Norwood
Tube and rail stations
Elephant and Castle
Queens Road Peckham
Grade I and II* listed buildings
Areas of London
Central activities zone
Holloway Nags Head
Kensington High Street
King's Road East
Elephant and Castle
Isle of Dogs
Lists of areas
Barking and Dagenham
Hammersmith and Fulham
Kensington and Chelsea
Kingston upon Thames
Richmond upon Thames
Canley (borough) (The Bill: TV soap)
Charnham (suburb) (Family Affairs: TV soap)
Gasforth (town) (The Thin Blue Line: TV series)
London Below (magical realm) (Neverwhere: TV series, novel)
Walford (borough) (EastEnders: TV soap)
London Plan 2011, Annex Two: London's Town Centre Network –
Greater London Authority