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DULWICH (/ˈdʌlᵻtʃ/ _DULL-itch_ ) is an area of south London
London
, England. The settlement is mostly in the London Borough of Southwark , with parts in the London
London
Borough of Lambeth
Lambeth
and consists of Dulwich Village , East Dulwich , West Dulwich and the Southwark
Southwark
half of Herne Hill (which is often referred to as the North Dulwich
Dulwich
triangle). Dulwich
Dulwich
lies in a valley between the neighbouring districts of Camberwell
Camberwell
, Crystal Palace , Denmark Hill , Forest Hill , Peckham , Sydenham Hill
Sydenham Hill
and Tulse Hill
Tulse Hill
and was in Surrey
Surrey
until 1889, when the County of London
London
was created.

Dulwich
Dulwich
was formerly part of the ancient parish of Camberwell, which later became the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell
Camberwell
, and included Camberwell
Camberwell
, Peckham , Nunhead , and other London
London
districts.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Geography * 3 Sport and leisure

* 4 Local landmarks

* 4.1 Houses * 4.2 Churches

* 5 Transport * 6 Famous residents

* 7 Local government elections

* 7.1 Village (Dulwich)

* 8 See also * 9 References * 10 Further reading * 11 External links

HISTORY

A map showing the Dulwich
Dulwich
wards of Camberwell
Camberwell
Metropolitan Borough as they appeared in 1916.

The first documented evidence of Dulwich
Dulwich
is as a hamlet outside London
London
in 967AD, granted by King Edgar to one of his thanes Earl Aelfheah. The name of Dulwich
Dulwich
has been spelt in various ways, Dilwihs, Dylways, Dullag, and may come from two old English words, Dill , a white flower, and wihs, meaning a damp meadow, giving a meaning of "the meadow where dill grows".

Harold Godwinson
Harold Godwinson
owned the land at one point, and after 1066, King William I of England
England
. In 1333, the population of Dulwich
Dulwich
was recorded as 100.

In 1538, Henry VIII seized control of Dulwich
Dulwich
and sold it to goldsmith Thomas Calton for £609. Calton's grandson Sir Francis Calton sold the Manor of Dulwich
Dulwich
for £4,900 in 1605 to Elizabethan actor and entrepreneur Edward Alleyn . He vested his wealth in a charitable foundation, Alleyn\'s College of God\'s Gift , established in 1619. The charity's modern successor, The Dulwich Estate , still owns 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) in the area, including a number of private roads and a tollgate. Alleyn also constructed a school, a chapel and alms houses in Dulwich. Dulwich
Dulwich
Almshouse Charity and Christ's Chapel of God's Gift at Dulwich
Dulwich
(where Alleyn is buried) still fulfill their original functions. Dulwich College

Alleyn's original school building is no longer used for that purpose, instead now housing the Estate's Governors. The school moved around 1840 to accommodate larger numbers of pupils into new buildings designed by Charles Barry (junior) , son of Sir Charles Barry who designed Westminster Palace . It was subsequently divided into Dulwich College and Alleyn\'s School in 1882, the latter moving to the present day site in Townley Road.

In the 17th century, King Charles I of England
England
visited Dulwich
Dulwich
Woods on a regular basis to hunt. In 1738, a man named Samuel Bentyman was murdered in Dulwich
Dulwich
Woods.

On 5 August 1677 John Evelyn writes that he took the waters at Dulwich. The Dulwich
Dulwich
waters were cried about the streets of London
London
as far back as 1678.

In 1739, Mr. Cox, master of the Green Man, a tavern situated about a mile south of the village of Dulwich, sunk a well for his family. The water was found to be possessed of purgative qualities, and was for some time used medicinally. While the water was popular much custom was drawn to the adjoining tavern, and its proprietor flourished.

The oak-lined formal avenue, known as Cox's Walk, leading from the junction of Dulwich
Dulwich
Common and Lordship Lane was cut soon after 1732 by Francis Cox to connect his establishment of the Green Man Tavern and Dulwich
Dulwich
Wells with the more popular Sydenham
Sydenham
Wells . The Grove Tavern, public house , located on the busy South Circular road.

By 1815 the Green Man had become a school known as Dr. Glennie 's academy in Dulwich
Dulwich
Grove, although it was demolished about ten years later. Among the pupils here there were a few who became well known, Lord Byron , General Le Marchant and Captain Barclay .

Dr Glennie held Saturday evening concerts which attracted visitors from outside the family circle, such as the poet Thomas Campbell , then living in nearby Sydenham
Sydenham
, and Robert Barker , inventor of the panorama . Following the closure of the school, the building reverted to its original use and was known as the Grove Tavern. Dulwich Picture Gallery

In 1803, Samuel Matthews – known as the " Dulwich
Dulwich
Hermit" – was also murdered in Dulwich
Dulwich
Woods; he was buried in Dulwich
Dulwich
Old Cemetery.

1811–1814 saw the building of the Dulwich Picture Gallery . By 1901, the population was recorded as 10,247.

In the Second World War
Second World War
, Dulwich
Dulwich
was hit by many V-1 flying bombs and V-2 rockets . A possible explanation for this is that the British military when announcing V-1 and V-2 explosions deliberately gave map co-ordinates four miles north of the truth in an attempt to protect densely populated central London
London
and focus the drops on the open spaces in the suburbs instead.

GEOGRAPHY

An old house in Dulwich
Dulwich
village

There are a number of recognised districts in Dulwich:

* Dulwich Village which includes the traditional village centre * East Dulwich which bounds Peckham at Peckham Rye is a separate centre - not just the eastern end of Dulwich
Dulwich
- with its own distinct character. * West Dulwich which is a mainly residential area bordering West Norwood and Tulse Hill
Tulse Hill
. * Herne Hill
Herne Hill
(the Southwark
Southwark
half) which forms the North Dulwich Triangle, borders Brixton
Brixton
, Denmark Hill , Loughborough Junction and Tulse Hill
Tulse Hill
.

Dulwich Village contains the original shopping street and still contains nearly all of its original 18th and 19th century buildings. It remains very uncommercialised and is a conservation zone. The village borders on Dulwich Park
Dulwich Park
, where the Dulwich
Dulwich
Horse and Motor Show is held every year. Modern housing in Dulwich
Dulwich
village

SPORT AND LEISURE

Dulwich
Dulwich
is also home to Dulwich
Dulwich
Hamlet , founded in 1893 and competing in the Isthmian League today, they ground share with another Non-League football club Fisher F.C. at Champion Hill in East Dulwich. In recent years Sainsbury's acquired the site, built DHFC a new ground, and developed one of the largest Sainsbury's in the country. The Old Alleynian Football Club is a local rugby union team originally for former pupils of Dulwich College , but is now open to all who wish to play. Dulwich
Dulwich
Paragon cycling club are also based in the area.

LOCAL LANDMARKS

Dulwich Park
Dulwich Park

Dulwich Park
Dulwich Park
was opened in 1890. It was formerly farmland, part of the Court Farm, and now offers duck and rowing ponds, children's play area, bowling green, tennis court, bridle path for horse-riding, and café.

Dulwich
Dulwich
Hospital in East Dulwich Grove was designed by Henry Jarvis and built on 7 acres (28,000 m2) of land purchased in East Dulwich by the Guardians of the Poor of the Parish
Parish
of St Saviour, Southwark, for the price of £50,000 in 1885. At the time of opening in 1887, it offered a 723-bed capacity. It was transformed from an infirmary into the Southwark
Southwark
Military Hospital during World War I, when it is estimated 14,000–15,000 wounded soldiers were treated at the hospital. After the Poor Law was abolished in 1930, the Southwark Union Infirmary was renamed Dulwich
Dulwich
Hospital and the following year an operating theatre was built. In 1964, the hospital was aligned with King's College Hospital on Denmark Hill. There is no casualty department at Dulwich
Dulwich
at present. However, in 2015 it was announced that Dulwich
Dulwich
Hospital was to be closed and replaced by a school.

There is a memorial fountain in Dulwich Village which is in remembrance to Dr George Webster, founder of the first British Medical Association (BMA), who worked in Dulwich
Dulwich
from 1815 until his death in 1875.

Old Burial Ground, Dulwich
Dulwich
Village, was created by Edward Alleyn as part of the foundation of his College of God's Gift. The Archbishop of Canterbury, George Abbot , conducted the consecration on Sunday 1 September 1616. Guests included Edmund Bowyer , Thomas Grimes , William Gresham , Thomas Hunt and Jeremiah Turner . Thirty five Dulwich
Dulwich
victims of the plague were buried in unmarked graves in the ground. Old Bridget, queen of the Norwood Gypsies (who appeared in the writings of Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
) was also buried here in 1768. The ground was declared "full" in 1858, however the family of Louisa Shroeder obtained special permission for her remains to be interred in 1868. The ground's wrought iron gates and twelve tombs are Grade II listed.

The old Grammar School adjacent to the Old College and Almshouses at the junction of Burbage Road and Gallery Road was designed by Charles Barry (senior).

HOUSES

Belair House on the boundary between West Dulwich and Dulwich
Dulwich
itself, is opposite West Dulwich railway station and was designed in 1785 for John Files . It remained a private house until 1938 when it came into the hands of Southwark
Southwark
Council. It fell into disrepair in the 1990s but was bought in 1998 and refurbished and turned into an upmarket restaurant. The house has a large park ground attached which is now public, including tennis courts and a children's play area. This area used to be the fields for its farm. The lake is the only substantial stretch of the ancient River Effra remaining above ground.

Bell House (Dulwich) in College Road was designed in 1767 for Thomas Wright , a stationer and later Lord Mayor of the City of London
London
. A large extension was added in the mid-19th century and it is accompanied by a lodge house. The house is Grade II listed. Its name comes from its Bell Tower situated on top of the original house and the bell was restored in the late 1990s. It became a Dulwich
Dulwich
College boarding house in 1926 and only returned to private ownership in 1993. The house was bought in the summer of 2016 by an educational charity.

The Crown and Greyhound public house is in Dulwich
Dulwich
Village. In the 19th century, two separate pubs stood in this area - the centre of Dulwich
Dulwich
Village. The Crown was for the labourers of the area, while the Greyhound across the road, was for local gentry. The Greyhound was a coach stop on the London
London
Piccadilly-Sittingbourne route. Charles Dickens was a frequent visitor to the village and used to drink at The Greyhound pub. The current pub, known by locals as "The Dog", is a Grade II listed building. In the 1960s, it used to be known as the venue of the " Dulwich
Dulwich
Poets".

One of the areas most famous residents and architects was Sir George Frederick Ellyatt (founder of the architecture practice, Ellyatt "> The tollgate on College Road, Dulwich, London
London
SE21. Paying the toll at the College Road, Dulwich, London
London
SE21 tollgate, which dates back to 1789. A table of tolls in pre-decimal currency for the College Road, Dulwich, London
London
SE21 tollgate.

Dulwich
Dulwich
sits astride the South Circular (A205) , one of London's Ring Roads . Also passing through the area is the A2199 and College Road, which features a working tollgate dating back to 1789.

The journey to London
London
Victoria from West Dulwich railway station takes about 12 minutes and there are direct trains to and from London Blackfriars and points north on the Thameslink line during the morning and evening peak periods respectively, East Dulwich is 12 minutes from London
London
Bridge and North Dulwich
Dulwich
is 14 minutes from London
London
Bridge . The nearest stations are in: Denmark Hill , East Dulwich , West Dulwich , North Dulwich
Dulwich
, Gipsy Hill , Herne Hill
Herne Hill
, Peckham Rye , Sydenham
Sydenham
Hill and Tulse Hill
Tulse Hill
.

Dulwich
Dulwich
is served by London
London
Buses routes 3 , 12 , 37 , 40 , 42 , 176 , 185 , 197 , 201 , 484 , 450 , P4 and P13 .

One of the least known facts about Dulwich
Dulwich
is that certain houses, in a direct line from North Dulwich
Dulwich
Station towards West Dulwich station, have clauses in their Title Deeds protecting the right to build an underground railway beneath their property - it has of course still to be built, 140 years later.

FAMOUS RESIDENTS

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Famous people born there include: the author, Enid Blyton in 1897; the first compiler of the London
London
A-Z , Phyllis Pearsall in East Dulwich
Dulwich
in 1906, she went on to live in Dulwich
Dulwich
Village; the war-time singer Anne Shelton in 1923 (or 1928?) and who lived on Court Lane until shortly before her death in 1994; also on Court Lane, Dr Reginald John Gladstone FRSE embryologist, lived here until his house was destroyed in the blitz in 1941; TV personality Sue Perkins in 1969; footballer Trevor Sinclair in 1973; and Su-Elise Nash , former pop singer with Mis-teeq in 1981. The actor Tim Roth was born there in 1961.

In 1980 Bon Scott , the lead singer of AC/DC , after a night's heavy drinking, was found lifeless in a car outside 67 Overhill Road, East Dulwich. He was rushed to hospital but was dead on arrival at King's College Hospital.

The Village has also long been popular with people in show business; Ronnie Corbett
Ronnie Corbett
lived there for years. Jo Brand , the comedian, currently owns a house in Herne Hill. James Nesbitt , the actor, lives in Herne Hill. Rob Da Bank Radio One DJ & Bestival organiser, resides in East Dulwich. Carl Barat Libertines lead singer, lives on Lordship Lane. Micky Flanagan Stand up comedian moved to the village upon hearing Lady Gillian Burt of Cottingham resided in the area. Sacha Baron Cohen lived in Dulwich Wood Avenue when his "Ali-G" character was still called "Diagon-Ali". Ronnie Reed , who ran double agents during the Second World War
Second World War
, and was an MI5
MI5
officer from 1940 to 1976, lived in Court Lane Gardens from 1960-1995. Marlon King , the footballer, owned a house in Dulwich
Dulwich
when he played for Watford. Huw Edwards , the BBC News at Ten newsreader, also resides in the West part of Dulwich. Tesco 'Spudhunter' margin-bottom:-1px;border:1px solid #aaa;padding:.2em .4em">Village PARTY CANDIDATE VOTES % ±

CONSERVATIVE MICHAEL MITCHELL 1,604

CONSERVATIVE JANE LYONS 1,572

LABOUR ANNE KIRBY 1,454

Conservative David Bradbury 1,451

Labour Andrew Rice 1,441

Labour Simon Taylor 1,380

Liberal Democrat Robin Crookshank-Hilton * 948

Green Adrian Halfyard 577

Liberal Democrat James Gurling 549

Green Edmund Caldecott 500

Green David Jennings 470

Liberal Democrat Harry Niazi 405

UKIP Michael King 358

TURNOUT 4,416 50.6 -19.3

Conservative HOLD SWING

Conservative HOLD SWING

Labour GAIN from Liberal Democrat SWING

The 2010 election saw the Liberal Democrats gain a seat off the Conservatives. Crookshank-Hilton had previously been a Conservative ward councillor whom defected and sought re-election as a Liberal Democrat.

Village PARTY CANDIDATE VOTES % ±

LIBERAL DEMOCRAT ROBIN CROOKSHANK HILTON * 2,376

CONSERVATIVE TOBY ECKERSLEY * 2,217

CONSERVATIVE ANDREW MITCHELL 2,168

Conservative David Bradbury 2,156

Labour Kate Cinamon 1,911

Liberal Democrat Christian Mitchell 1,852

Liberal Democrat John Hedley 1,829

Labour Duncan Chapman 1,793

Labour Julia Rowley 1,638

Green Robert Goodman 929

Green Dee Hammond 469

TURNOUT 6,563 74.2 +23.9

Liberal Democrat GAIN from Conservative SWING

Conservative HOLD SWING

Conservative HOLD SWING

SEE ALSO

* Dulwich Estate * Dulwich OnView , a local virtual community

REFERENCES

* ^ "Camberwell", British History online * ^ Charity Commission . The Dulwich
Dulwich
Estate, registered charity no. 312751. * ^ Charity Commission . Dulwich
Dulwich
Almshouse Charity, registered charity no. 207167. * ^ Charity Commission . Christ\'s Chapel of God\'s Gift at Dulwich, registered charity no. 1057970. * ^ _A_ _B_ Edward Walford (1878). "Chapter XXII \' Peckham and Dulwich\'". _Old and New London_. 6. British History Online. pp. 286–303. Retrieved 2008-04-19. * ^ "\' Peckham and Dulwich\', Old and New London: Volume 6 (1878), pp. 286-303". British-history.ac.uk. 2003-06-22. Retrieved 2010-05-03.

* ^ Hall, Edwin (1922). _ Dulwich
Dulwich
History and Romance 2nd Edition_. Bickers and Sons. p. 46. * ^ From the Nun's Head to the Screaming Alice by Mathew Frith, The Friends of the Great North Wood, 1995 * ^ Dulwich
Dulwich
hospital history Archived 16 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Dulwich
Dulwich
village history". Southlondonguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-05-03. * ^ " Dulwich
Dulwich
Green Spaces". Southwark.gov.uk. 2005-04-01. Retrieved 2010-05-03. * ^ "Dickens\' Southwark
Southwark
Dickens\' Southwark
Southwark
Southwark Council". _Southwark.gov.uk_. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2016-04-04. * ^ All Saints Church Archived 16 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "St Barnabas". Ideal-homes.org.uk. Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2010-05-03. * ^ "Why Enid Blyton\'s greatest creation was herself". Telegraph. Retrieved 2016-04-04. * ^ Reed, Nicholas (2011). _My Father, The Man Who Never Was: Ronnie Reed, The Life and Times of an MI5
MI5
Officer_. Folkestone: Lilburne Press. ISBN 978-1-901167-21-4 . * ^ "Election results for Village Ward". Southwark
Southwark
Council. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2015. * ^ "Election results for Village Ward". Southwark
Southwark
Council. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2010.

FURTHER READING

* Boast, Mary ( London
London
Borough of Southwark, 1975) _The Story of Dulwich_ * Darby, William (1966) _ Dulwich
Dulwich
Discovered_ * Darby, William (Darby; Cory, Adams & Mackay, 1967) _Dulwich: A Place in History_ * Darby, Patrick ( Dulwich
Dulwich
Society, 2000) _The houses in-between: A history of the houses on the north side of Dulwich
Dulwich
Common, between College Road and Gallery Road_ * Dyos, H. J. (Univ of Leicester, 1962) _Victorian Suburb_ * Galer, Allan Maxley (Truslove and Shipley, 1905) _Norwood & Dulwich_ * Green, Brian ( Dulwich
Dulwich
Society, 1995) _Dulwich, the Home Front, 1939–1945_ * Green, Brian (Quotes Ltd, 1988) _Victorian & Edwardian Dulwich_ * Green, Brian (2002) _Dulwich: A History_ * Hall, Edwin T. (Bickers, 1917) _ Dulwich
Dulwich
History and Romance AD 967–1916_ * Powell, Kenneth (Merrell Publishers Ltd, 2004) _City Reborn: Architecture and Regeneration in London, from Bankside
Bankside
to Dulwich_ * Tames, Richard (Historical Publication Ltd, 1997) _ Dulwich
Dulwich
& Camberwell