Druid Hills, Georgia
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Druid Hills is a community which includes both a
census-designated place A census-designated place (CDP) is a concentration of population defined by the United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical S ...
(CDP) in unincorporated
DeKalb CountyDeKalb County may refer to one of several counties in the United States, all of which were named for Baron Johan DeKalb: * DeKalb County, Alabama * DeKalb County, Georgia * DeKalb County, Illinois * DeKalb County, Indiana * DeKalb County, Missouri * ...
,
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
, United States, as well as a neighborhood of the city of Atlanta. The CDP's population was 14,568 at the 2010 census. The CDP formerly contained the main campus of
Emory University Emory University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two dec ...
and the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the national public health agency of the United States. It is a United States federal agency, under the Department of Health and Human Services The United States Department of Heal ...
(CDC); they were annexed by Atlanta in 2018. The Atlanta-city section of Druid Hills is one of Atlanta's most affluent neighborhoods with a mean household income in excess of $238,500 (making it the ninth most affluent, per that metric).


History

The
planned community A planned community, planned city, or planned town is any community that was carefully planned from its inception and is typically constructed on previously undeveloped land. This contrasts with settlements that evolve in a more ''ad hoc'' ...
was initially conceived by Joel Hurt, and developed with the effort of Atlanta's leading families, including
Coca-Cola Coca-Cola, or Coke, is a carbonated Carbonation is the chemical reaction A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the chemical transformation of one set of chemical substances to another. Classically, chemical A chemical sub ...
founder
Asa Candler Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 – March 12, 1929) was an American business tycoon who in 1888 purchased the Coca-Cola formula, Coca-Cola recipe for US$1,750 from chemist John Stith Pemberton in Atlanta Georgia, Atlanta, Georgia. Candle ...

Asa Candler
. It contains some of Atlanta's historic mansions from the late 19th and early 20th century. Druid Hills includes the main campus of
Emory University Emory University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two dec ...
, which relocated to Atlanta in 1914. Druid Hills was designed by
Frederick Law Olmsted Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822August 28, 1903) was an American landscape architect A landscape architect is a person who is educated in the field of landscape architecture. The practice of landscape architecture includes: site analysi ...

Frederick Law Olmsted
and was one of his last commissions. A showpiece of the design was the string of parks along
Ponce de Leon Avenue Ponce de Leon Avenue ( ), often simply called Ponce, provides a link between Atlanta, Georgia, Atlanta, Decatur, Georgia, Decatur, Clarkston, Georgia, Clarkston, and Stone Mountain, Georgia. It was named for Ponce de Leon Springs (Atlanta), Po ...
, which was designated as Druid Hills Parks and Parkways and listed on the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
on April 11, 1975. The remainder of the development was listed on the Register as the Druid Hills Historic District on October 25, 1979. Later the Park and Parkways district was consolidated into the Druid Hills Historic District. The other historic districts in Druid Hills are: *
Emory University District Emory may refer to: Places * Emory (crater), a crater in the Taurus–Littrow valley of Earth's moon * Emory, Texas * Emory-Meadow View, Virginia * Emory Caldera * Emory Creek Provincial Park * Emory L. Bennett Causeway * Emory Peak * Emory Rive ...
, added in 1975 *
University Park-Emory Highlands-Emory Estates Historic District A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various Discipline (academia), academic d ...
, added in 1998 *
Emory Grove Historic District Emory Grove is a small area of bungalow style homes built in 1939 and the 1940s in Druid Hills, Georgia near Emory University. The Emory Grove Historic District, located between Emory University and the city of Decatur, Georgia, is a historic dist ...
, added in 2000. By 2015 there was a bill in the
Georgia Legislature The Georgia General Assembly is the state legislature (United States), state legislature of the U.S. state of Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia. It is bicameral, consisting of the Georgia State Senate, Senate and the Georgia House of Representatives ...
which called for annexing more of Druid Hills into Atlanta.


Geography

Druid Hills is located at (33.787205, -84.325974). According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the CDP has a total area of , of which , or 0.48%, is water. The CDP's northern boundary is the South Fork of
Peachtree Creek Peachtree Creek is a major stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") is an ...
; the CSX track and the Decatur city limits are the eastern boundary; the DeKalb County line is the western boundary; and the southern boundary is the
Atlanta Atlanta () is the capital city, capital and List of municipalities in Georgia (U.S. state), most populous city of the U.S. state of Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia. With an estimated 2019 population of 506,811, it is also the List of United ...

Atlanta
city limit. The Druid Hills neighborhood of Atlanta is bounded by the Druid Hills CDP (i.e. unincorporated DeKalb County) on the north and east; the Morningside/Lenox Park, Virginia-Highland and Poncey-Highland neighborhoods of Atlanta on the west; and the
Candler Park Candler Park is a 55-acre (223,000 m²) city park An urban park or metropolitan park, also known as a municipal park (North America) or a public park, public open space, or municipal gardens (UK), is a park A park is an area of natural, ...
neighborhood of Atlanta on the south. The Chelsea Heights neighborhood is located in the eastern part of the CDP at the Decatur border, and participates in the Druid Hills Civic Association.


Demographics


2020 census

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 9,429 people, 3,579 households, and 1,977 families residing in the CDP.


2000 census

As of the
census A census is the procedure of systematically calculating, acquiring and recording information Information is processed, organised and structured data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items of information, often numeric. In ...

census
of 2000, there were 12,742 people, 4,627 households, and 2,040 families residing in the CDP. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was 3,040.4 people per square mile (1,174.1/km2). There were 4,830 housing units at an average density of 1,152.6/sq mi (445.1/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.15%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
, 6.0%
African-American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...
, 0.16%
Native American Native Americans may refer to: Ethnic groups * Indigenous peoples of the Americas, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants * Native Americans in the United States * Indigenous peoples in Canada, the indigenous p ...
, 7.34%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 0.07%
Pacific Islander Pacific Islanders, Pacificer, Pasifika, or Pasefika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific Islands. Three major groups of island An island (or isle) ...
, 0.64% from
other races Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, and 1.64% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin A ...
of any race were 2.43% of the population. There were 4,627 households, out of which 18.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were
married couples Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A spouse is a significant other in a marriage (in certain contexts, it can also apply to a civil union or comm ...

married couples
living together, 4.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 55.9% were non-families. 37.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.06 and the average family size was 2.80. In the CDP, the population was spread out, with 13.0% under the age of 18, 30.2% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 16.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,953, and the median income for a family was $106,196. Males had a median income of $57,017 versus $45,458 for females. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the CDP was $34,829. About 2.3% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 4.2% of those age 65 or over.


Economy

Emory University, including its hospitals, is the third largest employer in Metro Atlanta as of 2007/8. The CDC is also an employer of note. Commercial areas include Emory Village, a small node first developed in the 1920s at the terminus of the
streetcar line A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track Tramway track is used on tramways or light rail operations. Groove (engineering), Grooved rails (or Rail profile#Grooved rail, girder ...
to Emory. A revitalization of the area was completed in 2011 with new sidewalks, street furniture and two new
roundabout A roundabout is a type of circular intersection The line (purple) in two points (red). The disk (yellow) intersects the line in the line segment between the two red points. In mathematics, the intersection of two or more objects is ...

roundabout
s. The other, larger commercial areas fall just outside the community's boundaries, such as the Clairmont Road corridor in
North Decatur North Decatur is a census-designated place (CDP) in DeKalb County, Georgia, DeKalb County, Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia, United States. The population was 16,698 at the 2010 census. Geography North Decatur is located at (33.803054, -84.290123). ...
, the Sage Hill shopping center in Atlanta's Morningside/Lenox Park, and the
Ponce de Leon Avenue Ponce de Leon Avenue ( ), often simply called Ponce, provides a link between Atlanta, Georgia, Atlanta, Decatur, Georgia, Decatur, Clarkston, Georgia, Clarkston, and Stone Mountain, Georgia. It was named for Ponce de Leon Springs (Atlanta), Po ...
corridor just west of Druid Hills in Atlanta's Poncey-Highland/ Virginia-Highland.


Arts and culture

Druid Hills is home to The
Atlanta Boy Choir The Atlanta Boy Choir is a renowned choral group for boys and men in Atlanta, Georgia. The choir, as it is known today, was founded in 1959 by Maestro Fletcher Wolfe and his wife Roberta Kahne Wolfe. The choir is an ambassador internationally, pe ...
on S. Ponce de Leon Ave. and
Callanwolde Fine Arts Center Callanwolde Fine Arts Center is a 501(c)(3) organization, 501(c)(3) non-profit Arts centre, community arts center that offers classes and workshops for all ages in Visual arts, visual, Literature, literary and performing arts. Special performance ...
, housed in the Gothic-Tudor style former estate of Charles Howard Candler, president of Coca-Cola and eldest son of
Asa Griggs Candler Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 – March 12, 1929) was an American business tycoon who in 1888 purchased the Coca-Cola recipe for US$1,750 from chemist John Stith Pemberton John Stith Pemberton (July 8, 1831 – August 16, 1888) w ...
, Coca-Cola's co-founder.


Parks

* Baker Woodland, Emory University, between Fishburne Dr. & South Kilga Cir. Forest of oak, tulip poplar, beech, and hickory trees - contains over 100 plant species. * Burbanck Park, Oxford Rd. & Clifton Rd. natural park which borders Peavine Creek. It is named after Madeline and William Burbanck, Emory University professors who owned the property. * Fernbank Forest, Fernbank Museum of Natural History. * Fernbank School Park, 157 Heaton Park Dr. This DeKalb County park is located west of the CSX railroad tracks. It includes a multi-use field and court, playground, picnic area and walking trails. * Hahn Woods, Emory University, Houston Mill Rd. (''at South Peachtree Creek''). Nature preserve with trail and viewing platform over the creek. * Medlock Park North Druid Hills subdivision, Nine little league baseball fields with concessions, playground and a running/cycling trail which follows Nancy Creek. * Olmsted Linear Park, Druid Hills, Ponce de Leon Ave. of six distinct parks, strung along Ponce de Leon Avenue like a necklace. They were designed by
Frederick Law Olmsted Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822August 28, 1903) was an American landscape architect A landscape architect is a person who is educated in the field of landscape architecture. The practice of landscape architecture includes: site analysi ...

Frederick Law Olmsted
in the late 19th century. Each of the six parks has its own name: Deepdene, Dellwood, Shadyside, Springdale, Virgilee and Oak Grove (formerly Brightwood). * Wesley Woods Forest, Emory University. * Princeton Way Park, a small neighborhood park that is surrounded by the interior homes of Princeton Way. The park is equipped with picnic tables, swings, slides, a sandbox, short walking trails, and an informal baseball setup.


Government

The neighborhood organization, the Druid Hills Civic Association (DHC

gives input to two authorities since the community is divided between the city of Atlanta and unincorporated territory in DeKalb County. The Atlanta part is an official recognized neighborhood of Atlanta, which in turn is part of neighborhood planning unit, NPU N. Officially, DHCA exercises its input into planning and other city processes by giving input to the NPU. DeKalb County does not have an officially designated role for the community within the county government in the way the City of Atlanta does (though there are five large geographic districts for the election of county commissioners), so the DHCA gives input to the unitarian county government in Decatur. The
United States Postal Service The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a te ...
operates the Druid Hills Post Office at 1799 Briarcliff Road NE in the North Druid Hills CDP in
unincorporated Unincorporated may refer to: * Unincorporated area Sign at Heinola, an unincorporated community in Otter Tail County, Minnesota.">Minnesota.html" ;"title="Otter Tail County, Minnesota">Otter Tail County, Minnesota. An unincorporated area is ...
DeKalb. The
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is the national public health agency of the United States. It is a United States federal agency, under the Department of Health and Human Services The United States Department of Heal ...
's main offices were formerly located in the CDP.2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Druid Hills CDP, GA
"
U.S. Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
. Retrieved on June 1, 2017.
The City of Atlanta annexed the CDC effective January 1, 2018.


Infrastructure


Transportation

Public bus transportation is provided by the
Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA, ) is the principal public transport Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, mass transit, or simply transit) is a system of transport Transport ...
, while Emory University runs an extensive fleet of shuttles, called the "
Cliff In geography and geology, a cliff is an area of rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included ...
".


Healthcare

Emory University Hospital and Children's Healthcare of Atlanta - Egleston Hospital are in the Druid Hills area. The City of Atlanta annexed Egleston and Emory University effective January 1, 2018. - This article includes a map of the annexed area, which includes Emory Hospital Prior to the annexation, Egleston was in Druid Hills CDP, as was Emory Hospital.


Education


Primary and secondary schools

Druid Hills resides in the DeKalb County School District. Most residents are zoned to Fernbank Elementary School (in the Druid Hills CDP) while some are zoned to Briar Vista Elementary School. All residents are zoned to Druid Hills Middle School (in the North Decatur CDP), and Druid Hills High School (in the Druid Hills CDP). The Paideia School]

is a nearby preK–12 private schoo

in the city of Atlanta.


Colleges and universities

Emory University Emory University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two dec ...
is a private university formerly located in the Druid Hills CDP. The City of Atlanta annexed Emory effective January 1, 2018.


Religion

;Churches:
Atlanta Metropolitan Cathedral
999 Briarcliff Rd. * Atlanta Primitive Baptist Church, 1367 S Ponce De Leon Ave.
Emory Presbyterian Church
(PCUSA), 1886 N Decatur Rd.
Church of the Epiphany
(AEC), 2089 Ponce De Leon Ave. * Druid Hills Baptist Church (CBF), Ponce de Leon Ave. & N. Highland Ave.
Druid Hills Presbyterian Church
(PCUSA), 1026 Ponce De Leon Ave.
Druid Hills United Methodist Church
(UMC), Ponce de Leon Ave. & Briarcliff Rd. - built 1955, Ivey and Crook, architects
Glenn Memorial United Methodist Church
(UMC), 1660 N. Decatur Rd. * The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormon), 1450 Ponce De Leon Ave.
St. Elias Antiochian Orthodox Church
2045 Ponce de Leon Ave.
Saint John's Lutheran Church
(ELCA), 1410 Ponce de Leon Ave.
St. John Chrysostom Melkite Church
1428 Ponce De Leon Ave.
The International Society for Krishna Consciousness
1287 S. Ponce De Leon Ave. Villa International, a Christian ministry that consists of a two-story 33-room guest house for visiting academics and medical staff from multiple countries, was established in 1972 to provide a welcoming environment in response to the suicide of an African academic in 1966. The initial cost to establish it was $300,000, and by 2020 it gained the nickname "Little United Nations, U.N." from its guests. The City of Atlanta annexed Villa International effective January 1, 2018. Prior to that date it was in the Druid Hills CDP. Synagogues are located in adjacent Virginia-Highland, Morningside/Lenox Park and North Druid Hills, the latter having one of the largest concentrations of Orthodox Jews in Metro Atlanta.


Notable people

*Cully Cobb, founder of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology at Mississippi State University


See also

* Druid Hills Golf Club *
Emory Grove Historic District Emory Grove is a small area of bungalow style homes built in 1939 and the 1940s in Druid Hills, Georgia near Emory University. The Emory Grove Historic District, located between Emory University and the city of Decatur, Georgia, is a historic dist ...


Bibliography

* Bryant, James C. ''Druid Hills Golf Club in Atlanta: The Story and the People, 1912–1997''. Atlanta, Ga.: Druid Hills Golf Club, 1998 * Hartle, Robert, Jr. ''Atlanta's Druid Hills: A Brief History''. The History Press, June 27, 2008.


References


External links


Druid Hills Civic AssociationWesley Woods ForestEmory University Walking TourEmory Village historic preservation
incl. history of Emory Village {{authority control Druid Hills, Georgia, Census-designated places in the Atlanta metropolitan area Census-designated places in DeKalb County, Georgia Census-designated places in Georgia (U.S. state) Frederick Law Olmsted works Historic districts in Georgia (U.S. state) Neighborhoods in DeKalb County, Georgia