Dordogne (river)
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The Dordogne (; oc, Dordonha) is a river in south-central and southwest
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
. It is long. The Dordogne and its watershed were designated
Biosphere Reserve A nature reserve (also known as a natural reserve, wildlife refuge, wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserve or bioreserve, natural or nature preserve, or nature conservation area) is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna, or features of ...
by
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialised agency United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous orga ...

UNESCO
on July 11 2012.


Geography

The river rises on the flanks of the
Puy de Sancy Puy de Sancy (, ; oc, label=Auvergnat language, Auvergnat, Puèi de la Crotz , ) is the highest mountain in the Massif Central. It is part of an ancient stratovolcano which has been inactive volcano, inactive for about 220,000 years. The nor ...
at above sea level in the mountains of
Auvergne Auvergne (; ; oc, label=Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, a ...

Auvergne
, from the confluence of two small torrents above the town of Le Mont-Dore: the ''Dore'' and the ''Dogne''. It flows generally west about through the
Limousin Limousin (; oc, Lemosin ) is a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-p ...
and
Périgord Périgord ( , ; ; oc, Peiregòrd / ) is a natural region and Provinces of France, former province of France, which corresponds roughly to the current Dordogne departments of France, department, now forming the northern part of the Regions of F ...

Périgord
regions before flowing into the
Gironde Gironde ( US usually, , ; oc, Gironda, ) is a largest department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivi ...

Gironde
, its common
estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime envir ...

estuary
with the
Garonne The Garonne (, also , ; Occitan language , Occitan, Catalan language , Catalan, Basque language, Basque, and es, Garona, ; la, Garumna or ) is a river of southwest France and northern Spain. It flows from the central Spanish Pyrenees to the ...

Garonne
, at the Bec d'Ambès ("Ambès beak"), north of the city of
Bordeaux Bordeaux ( , ; Gascon language, Gascon oc, Bordèu ) is a port city on the river Garonne in the Gironde Departments of France, department in Southwestern France. The municipality (Communes of France, commune) of Bordeaux proper has a popula ...

Bordeaux
.


Nature

The Dordogne is one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit the phenomenon of a
tidal bore Tidal is the adjectival form of tide Tides are the rise and fall of sea level Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average In colloquial, ordinary language, an average is a single number taken as representative of ...

tidal bore
, known as a mascaret.Tidal bores, Mascaret, Pororoca (1). Myths, Fables and Reality !!!
/ref> The upper valley of the Dordogne is a series of deep gorges. The cliffs, steep banks, fast flowing water and high bridges attract both walkers and drivers. In several places the river is dammed to form long, deep lakes. Camp sites and holiday homes have proliferated wherever the valley floor is wide enough to accommodate them. Below
Argentat Argentat () is a former Communes of France, commune in the Corrèze Departments of France, department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of central France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Argentat-sur-Dordogne. The inhabitants ...

Argentat
and around
Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne ( oc, Bel Luec) is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intenti ...
, the valley widens to accommodate fertile farmland, well-watered pasture and orchards. In the towns, which are major tourist attractions because of their history and architecture, the quaysides are lined with eating and drinking places. In Périgord, the valley widens further to encompass one of France's main gastronomic regions, with vineyards, poultry farms and truffle-rich woodlands. The main season for
tourism Tourism is travel Travel is the movement of people between distant geographical location In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of th ...

tourism
in the Valley of the Dordogne is from June to September, with July and August being high season. The lifestyle and culture of the Dordogne valley attract both visitors and incomers from all over France, but also from many other countries, particularly Britain and Germany.


Course

The ''
départements A department (, ) is an administrative division, administrative or political division in many countries. Departments are the first-level divisions of 11 countries, nine in the Americas and two in Africa. An additional 10 countries use department ...
'' of France through which the Dordogne runs, together with some towns in those ''départements'' that are on or quite near the river, are as follows: *The ' of
Puy-de-Dôme Puy-de-Dôme (; oc, label=Auvergnat (language), Auvergnat, lo Puèi de Doma or ''lo Puèi Domat'') is a Departments of France, department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Regions of France, region in the centre of France. In 2016, it had a populatio ...

Puy-de-Dôme
– The towns of Le Mont-Dore (near the source of the river) and
La Bourboule La Bourboule (; Auvergnat dialect, Auvergnat: ''La Borbola'') is a Communes of France, commune in the Puy-de-Dôme Departments of France, department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France. Population See also *Communes of the Puy-de-Dôme d ...

La Bourboule
; *The ' of
Corrèze Corrèze (; oc, Corresa) is a Departments of France, department in Southwestern France, named after the river Corrèze (river), Corrèze which runs through it. Its capital is Tulle, and its most populated town is Brive-la-Gaillarde. The inhabi ...

Corrèze
– The towns of
Argentat Argentat () is a former Communes of France, commune in the Corrèze Departments of France, department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of central France. On 1 January 2017, it was merged into the new commune Argentat-sur-Dordogne. The inhabitants ...

Argentat
,
Bort-les-Orgues Bort-les-Orgues (; oc, Bòrt) is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional c ...

Bort-les-Orgues
, and
Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne ( oc, Bel Luec) is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intenti ...
; *The ' of
Lot Lot or LOT may refer to: Common meanings Areas *Land lot, an area of land *Parking lot, for automobiles *Backlot, in movie production Sets of items *Lot number, in batch production *Lot, a set of goods for sale together in an auction; or a quantit ...
– The towns of Souillac,
Pinsac Pinsac is a Communes of France, commune in the Lot (department), Lot Departments of France, department in south-western France. See also *Communes of the Lot department References

Communes of Lot (department) {{Lot-geo-stub ...

Pinsac
, Lacave,
Meyronne Meyronne is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or ...
, Creysse,
Montvalent Montvalent is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or ...
,
Martel Martel may refer to: People * Andre Martel (1946–2016), American politician and businessman * Anne-Marie Martel (1644–1673), founder of what is now the Congrégation des Sœurs de l’Enfant-Jésus. * James B. Aguayo-Martel, ophthalmologist a ...
, Floirac,
Carennac Carennac is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional community typically hold a ...

Carennac
, Gintrac, Tauriac and
Prudhomat Prudhomat is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or ...
; *The ' of
Dordogne Dordogne ( , or ; ; oc, Dordonha ) is a large rural department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivi ...

Dordogne
– The towns of , Sarlat, Saint-Cyprien, and Bergerac; *The ' of
Gironde Gironde ( US usually, , ; oc, Gironda, ) is a largest department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivi ...

Gironde
– The towns of
Sainte-Foy-la-Grande Sainte-Foy-la-Grande (; oc, Senta Fe la Granda) is a Communes of France, commune in the Gironde Departments of France, department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It is on the south bank of the Dordogne (river), Dordogne. History Th ...
and
Libourne Libourne (; oc, label= Gascon, Liborna ) is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete ...
.


Tributaries

Main
tributaries A tributary, or affluent, is a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") ...
from source to mouth: *(R)
Chavanon The Chavanon (; oc, Chavanon) (also called ''la Ramade'') is a long river in the Creuse, Puy-de-Dôme and Corrèze ''departments of France, départements'', central France. Its source is in Crocq. It flows generally southeast. It is a right tribu ...
; *(L) Rhue; *(R) ; *(L) Sumène; *(R) ; *(L) Auze; *(R) Luzège; *(R) Doustre; *(L)
Maronne The Maronne () is a long river in the Cantal and Corrèze departments in south central France. Its source is several small streams joining near Récusset, a hamlet in Saint-Paul-de-Salers. It flows generally west. It is a left tributary of the Do ...
; *(L) Cère; *(L) Bave; *(R) Sourdoire; *(L) Ouysse; *(L) Céou; *(R) Vézère; *(L) Couze; *(R) Caudeau; *(R) Lidoire; *(R) Isle. ''N.B. : (R) = right tributary; (L) = left tributary''


Activities

Aside from the usual activities such as tennis and golf available in many areas of France, there are a number of water-related activities related to the Dordogne, including: *
Fishing Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Around 99% of living fish species are ...
, an age-old pastime for the locals and for visitors; *
Canoeing Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling Paddling with regard to watercraft is the act of manually propelling a boat using a paddle. The paddle, which consists of one or two blades joined to a shaft, is also used to steer the vessel. The ...
and
kayaking Kayaking is the use of a kayak A kayak is a small, narrow watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with o ...
, very popular (canoes & kayaks are easy to rent); *
Boating Boating is the leisurely activity of travelling by boat A boat is a watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical ...
in a ''Gabare'' (a traditional skiff peculiar to the Dordogne); *
Rafting Rafting and whitewater rafting are recreational outdoor activities Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity refers to recreation Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. The "need to do something for recreation ...
; *
Swimming Swimming is the self-propulsion Propulsion is the action or process of pushing or pulling to drive an object forward. The term is derived from two Latin words: '' pro'', meaning'' before'' or ''forward''; and '' pellere'', meaning ''to drive ...
; * Motorboating; *
Sailing Sailing employs the wind—acting on sail A sail is a tensile structure by Vladimir Shukhov (during construction), Nizhny Novgorod, 1895 in Kings Domain, Melbourne A tensile structure is a construction of elements carrying only tension ...
; *
Rowing Rowing is the act of propelling a boat using the motion of oar An oar is an implement used for water-borne propulsion. Oars have a flat blade at one end. Rowers grasp the oar at the other end. The difference between oars and paddles is t ...
and
sculling Sculling is the use of oar An oar is an implement used for water-borne propulsion. Oars have a flat blade at one end. Rowers grasp the oar at the other end. The difference between oars and paddles is that oars are used exclusively for rowin ...
; *
Water skiing Water skiing Skiing is the use of ski A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow. Substantially longer than wide and characteristically employed in pairs, skis are attached to ski boot Ski boots ...
.


Dams

* Marèges Dam *Dam at
Bort-les-Orgues Bort-les-Orgues (; oc, Bòrt) is a commune An intentional community is a voluntary residential community designed from the start to have a high degree of group cohesiveness, social cohesion and teamwork. The members of an intentional c ...

Bort-les-Orgues
*Barrage de l'Aigle (The Eagle Dam) *Dam at Argentat *Dam at Bergerac *Dam at Chastang *Dam at Mauzac *Barrage de Tuilières


References


External links


The Dordogne Valley in the Lot department (website in French)The Dordogne Valley UNESCO Biosphere Reserve (website in French)
{{DEFAULTSORT:Dordogne (river) Rivers of France Rivers of Corrèze Rivers of Dordogne Rivers of Gironde Rivers of Lot (department) Rivers of Puy-de-Dôme Rivers of Nouvelle-Aquitaine Rivers of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Rivers of Occitanie Biosphere reserves of France