Dordogne (river)
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The Dordogne (; oc, Dordonha) is a river in south-central and southwest
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a spanning and in the and the , and s. Its extends from the to the and from the to the and the ; overseas territories include in , in the N ...

France
. It is long. The Dordogne and its watershed were designated
Biosphere Reserve A nature reserve (also known as a natural reserve, wildlife refuge, wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserve or bioreserve, natural or nature preserve, or nature conservation area) is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna, or features of ...
by
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a List of specialized agencies of the United Nations, specialised agency of th ...

UNESCO
on July 11 2012.


Geography

The river rises on the flanks of the
Puy de Sancy Puy de Sancy (, ; oc, label=Auvergnat language, Auvergnat, Puèi de la Crotz , ) is the highest mountain in the Massif Central. It is part of an ancient stratovolcano which has been inactive volcano, inactive for about 220,000 years. The nort ...
at above sea level in the mountains of
Auvergne Auvergne (; ; oc, label=Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no ,), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance language The Romance languages, less commonly Latin or Neo-Latin languages, a ...

Auvergne
, from the confluence of two small torrents above the town of Le Mont-Dore: the ''Dore'' and the ''Dogne''. It flows generally west about through the
Limousin Limousin (; oc, Lemosin ) is a former administrative region Administration may refer to: Management of organizations * Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-pr ...
and
Périgord Périgord ( , ; ; oc, Peiregòrd / ) is a natural region A natural region (landscape unit) is a basic geographic unit. Usually, it is a region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a ...

Périgord
regions before flowing into the
Gironde Gironde ( US usually, , ; oc, Gironda, ) is a largest department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific responsibility Government and military *Department (country subdivis ...

Gironde
, its common
estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime envir ...

estuary
with the
Garonne The Garonne (, also , ; Occitan language , Occitan, Catalan language , Catalan, Basque language, Basque, and es, Garona, ; la, Garumna or ) is a river of southwest France and northern Spain. It flows from the central Spanish Pyrenees to the G ...

Garonne
, at the Bec d'Ambès ("Ambès beak"), north of the city of
Bordeaux Bordeaux ( , ; Gascon oc, Bordèu ) is a port city on the river Garonne The Garonne (, also , ; Occitan Occitan (; oc, occitan, link=no , ), also known as ''lenga d'òc'' (; french: langue d'oc) by its native speakers, is a Romance l ...

Bordeaux
.


Nature

The Dordogne is one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit the phenomenon of a
tidal bore Tidal is the adjectival form of tide (U.S.), low tide occurs roughly at moonrise and high tide with a high Moon, corresponding to the simple gravity model of two tidal bulges; at most places however, the Moon and tides have a phase shift. Tid ...

tidal bore
, known as a mascaret.Tidal bores, Mascaret, Pororoca (1). Myths, Fables and Reality !!!
/ref> The upper valley of the Dordogne is a series of deep gorges. The cliffs, steep banks, fast flowing water and high bridges attract both walkers and drivers. In several places the river is dammed to form long, deep lakes. Camp sites and holiday homes have proliferated wherever the valley floor is wide enough to accommodate them. Below
Argentat Argentat () is a former commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belon ...

Argentat
and around
Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne ( oc, Bel Luec) is a Communes of France, commune in the Corrèze Departments of France, department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Regions of France, region, central France. Beaulieu is a medieval city, originally dominated by its ...
, the valley widens to accommodate fertile farmland, well-watered pasture and orchards. In the towns, which are major tourist attractions because of their history and architecture, the quaysides are lined with eating and drinking places. In Périgord, the valley widens further to encompass one of France's main gastronomic regions, with vineyards, poultry farms and truffle-rich woodlands. The main season for
tourism at the archaeological site of Chichén Itza. in Vienna. Tourism is travel for pleasure or business; also the theory and practice of touring (disambiguation), touring, the business of attracting, accommodating, and entertaining tourists, and th ...

tourism
in the Valley of the Dordogne is from June to September, with July and August being high season. The lifestyle and culture of the Dordogne valley attract both visitors and incomers from all over France, but also from many other countries, particularly Britain and Germany.


Course

The '' départements'' of France through which the Dordogne runs, together with some towns in those ''départements'' that are on or quite near the river, are as follows: *The ' of
Puy-de-Dôme Puy-de-Dôme (; oc, label=Auvergnat Auvergnat or Occitan auvergnat (endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is ...

Puy-de-Dôme
– The towns of Le Mont-Dore (near the source of the river) and
La Bourboule La Bourboule (; Auvergnat dialect, Auvergnat: ''La Borbola'') is a Communes of France, commune in the Puy-de-Dôme Departments of France, department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes in central France. Population See also *Communes of the Puy-de-Dôme de ...

La Bourboule
; *The ' of
Corrèze Corrèze (; oc, Corresa) is a Departments of France, department in Southwestern France, named after the river Corrèze (river), Corrèze which runs through it. Its capital is Tulle, and its most populated town is Brive-la-Gaillarde. The inhabi ...

Corrèze
– The towns of
Argentat Argentat () is a former commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belon ...

Argentat
,
Bort-les-Orgues Bort-les-Orgues (; oc, Bòrt) is a communes of France, commune in the Corrèze Departments of France, department in central France. Geography Bort-les-Orgues is situated on the Dordogne River, Dordogne. The river Rhue River, Rhue forms part ...

Bort-les-Orgues
, and
Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne ( oc, Bel Luec) is a Communes of France, commune in the Corrèze Departments of France, department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Regions of France, region, central France. Beaulieu is a medieval city, originally dominated by its ...
; *The ' of
Lot Lot or LOT may refer to: Common meanings Areas *Land lot, an area of land *Parking lot, for automobiles *Backlot, in movie production Sets of items *Lot number, in batch production *Lot, a set of goods for sale together in an auction; or a quantit ...
– The towns of Souillac, , Lacave,
Meyronne Meyronne is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or ...
, Creysse,
Montvalent Montvalent is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or ...
, Martel, Lot, Martel, Floirac, Lot, Floirac, Carennac, Gintrac, Tauriac, Lot, Tauriac and Prudhomat; *The ' of Dordogne – The towns of Beynac-et-Cazenac, Sarlat-la-Canéda, Sarlat, Saint-Cyprien, Dordogne, Saint-Cyprien, and Bergerac, Dordogne, Bergerac; *The ' of Gironde – The towns of Sainte-Foy-la-Grande and Libourne.


Tributaries

Main tributaries from source to mouth: *(R) Chavanon; *(L) Rhue (river), Rhue; *(R) Diège; *(L) Sumène (river), Sumène; *(R) Triouzoune; *(L) Auze (Dordogne), Auze; *(R) Luzège; *(R) Doustre; *(L) Maronne; *(L) Cère; *(L) Bave; *(R) Sourdoire; *(L) Ouysse; *(L) Céou; *(R) Vézère; *(L) Couze (Dordogne), Couze; *(R) Caudeau; *(R) Lidoire; *(R) Isle (river), Isle. ''N.B. : (R) = right tributary; (L) = left tributary''


Activities

Aside from the usual activities such as tennis and golf available in many areas of France, there are a number of water-related activities related to the Dordogne, including: *Fishing, an age-old pastime for the locals and for visitors; *Canoeing and kayaking, very popular (canoes & kayaks are easy to rent); *Boating in a ''Gabare'' (a traditional skiff peculiar to the Dordogne); *Rafting; *human swimming, Swimming; *Motorboat, Motorboating; *Sailing; *Rowing (sport), Rowing and sculling; *Water skiing.


Dams

*Marèges Dam *Dam at
Bort-les-Orgues Bort-les-Orgues (; oc, Bòrt) is a communes of France, commune in the Corrèze Departments of France, department in central France. Geography Bort-les-Orgues is situated on the Dordogne River, Dordogne. The river Rhue River, Rhue forms part ...

Bort-les-Orgues
*Barrage de l'Aigle (The Eagle Dam) *Dam at Argentat *Dam at Bergerac *Dam at Chastang *Dam at Mauzac *Barrage de Tuilières


References


External links


The Dordogne Valley in the Lot department (website in French)The Dordogne Valley UNESCO Biosphere Reserve (website in French)
{{DEFAULTSORT:Dordogne (river) Rivers of France Dordogne basin, Rivers of Corrèze Rivers of Dordogne Rivers of Gironde Rivers of Lot (department) Rivers of Puy-de-Dôme Rivers of Nouvelle-Aquitaine Rivers of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes Rivers of Occitanie Biosphere reserves of France