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The Dodecanese
Dodecanese
(UK: /ˌdoʊdɪkəˈniːz/, US: /doʊˌdɛkəˈniːz/; Greek: Δωδεκάνησα, Dodekánisa [ðoðeˈkanisa], literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor (Turkey), of which 26 are inhabited. Τhis island group generally defines the eastern limit of the Sea of Crete.[1] They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group. The most historically important and well-known is Rhodes, which has been the area's dominant island since antiquity. Of the others, Kos and Patmos
Patmos
are historically the more important; the remaining eleven are Agathonisi, Astypalaia, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Leipsoi, Leros, Nisyros, Symi, Tilos, and Kastellorizo. Other islands in the chain include Alimia, Arkoi, Chalki, Farmakonisi, Gyali, Kinaros, Levitha, Marathos, Nimos, Pserimos, Saria, Strongyli, Syrna and Telendos.

Contents

1 Name 2 History

2.1 Pre-history and the Archaic Period 2.2 Classical Period 2.3 Middle Ages 2.4 Ottoman rule

2.4.1 Turks of the Dodecanese

2.5 Italian rule 2.6 World War II 2.7 Post-World War II

3 Administration

3.1 Municipalities and communities 3.2 Provinces

4 Cuisine 5 See also 6 References 7 Sources 8 External links

Name[edit] The name "Dodecanese" (older form ἡ Δωδεκάνησος, hē Dōdekanēsos; modern τα Δωδεκάνησα, ta Dōdekanēsa), meaning "The Twelve Islands", denotes today an island group in the southeastern Aegean Sea, comprising fifteen major islands (Agathonisi, Astypalaia, Chalki, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Kastellorizo, Kos, Lipsi, Leros, Nisyros, Patmos, Rhodes, Symi, and Tilos) and 93 smaller islets.[2] Since Antiquity, these islands formed part of the group known as the "Southern Sporades" (Νότιες Σποράδες).[3] The name Dōdekanēsos first appears in Byzantine
Byzantine
sources in the 8th century. However it was not applied to the current island group, but to the twelve Cyclades
Cyclades
islands clustered around Delos. The name may indeed be of far earlier date, and modern historians suggest that a list of 12 islands given by Strabo
Strabo
( Geographica
Geographica
Χ.485)[4] was the origin of the term. The term remained in use throughout the medieval period and was still used for the Cyclades
Cyclades
in both colloquial usage and scholarly Greek-language literature until the 18th century.[5] The transfer of the name to the present-day Dodecanese
Dodecanese
has its roots in the Ottoman period. Following the Ottoman conquest in 1522, the two larger islands, Rhodes
Rhodes
and Kos, came under direct Ottoman rule, while the others, of which the twelve main islands were usually named, enjoyed extensive privileges pertaining to taxation and self-government. Concerted attempts to abolish these privileges were made after 1869, as the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
attempted to modernize and centralize its administrative structure, and the last vestiges of the old privileges were finally abolished after the Young Turks
Young Turks
took power[6] in 1908. It was at that time that the press in the independent Kingdom of Greece
Greece
began referring to the twelve privileged islands (Astypalaia, Chalki, Ikaria, Kalymnos, Karpathos, Kasos, Kastellorizo, Leros, Nisyros, Patmos, Symi, Tilos) in the context of their attempts to preserve their privileges, collectively as the "Dodecanese". Shortly after, in 1912, most of the Southern Sporades were captured by the Italians in the Italo-Turkish War, except for Ikaria, which joined Greece
Greece
in 1912 during the First Balkan War, and Kastellorizo, which came under Italian rule only in 1921. The place of the latter two was taken by Kos
Kos
and Rhodes, bringing the number of the major islands under Italian rule back to twelve. Thus, when the Greek press began agitating for the cession of the islands to Greece
Greece
in 1913, the term used was still the "Dodecanese". The Italian occupation authorities helped to establish the term when they named the islands under their control " Rhodes
Rhodes
and the Dodecanese" (Rodi e Dodecaneso), adding Leipsoi
Leipsoi
to the list of the major islands to make up for considering Rhodes
Rhodes
separately.[7] By 1920, the name had become firmly established for the entire island group, a fact acknowledged by the Italian government when it appointed the islands' first civilian governor, Count Carlo Senni, as "Viceroy of the Dodecanese". As the name was associated with Greek irredentism, from 1924 Mussolini's Fascist regime tried to abolish its use, by referring to them as the "Italian Islands of the Aegean", but this name never acquired any wider currency outside Italian administrative usage.[8] The islands joined Greece
Greece
in 1947 as the "Governorate-General of the Dodecanese" (Γενική Διοίκησις Δωδεκανήσου), since 1955 the " Dodecanese
Dodecanese
Prefecture" (Νομός Δωδεκανήσου).[9] History[edit] Pre-history and the Archaic Period[edit]

Colossus of Rhodes, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

The Doric temple of Athena Lindia, Lindos

The Dodecanese
Dodecanese
have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the Neopalatial period on Crete, the islands were heavily Minoanized (contact beginning in the second millennium BC). Following the downfall of the Minoans, the islands were ruled by the Mycenaean Greeks from circa 1400 BC, until the arrival of the Dorians
Dorians
circa 1100 BC. It is in the Dorian period that they began to prosper as an independent entity, developing a thriving economy and culture through the following centuries. By the early Archaic Period Rhodes
Rhodes
and Kos emerged as the major islands in the group, and in the 6th century BC the Dorians
Dorians
founded three major cities on Rhodes
Rhodes
(Lindos, Kameiros
Kameiros
and Ialyssos). Together with the island of Kos
Kos
and the cities of Knidos and Halicarnassos
Halicarnassos
on the mainland of Asia Minor, these made up the Dorian Hexapolis. Classical Period[edit] This development was interrupted around 499 BC by the Persian Wars, during which the islands were captured by the Persians for a brief period. Following the defeat of the Persians by the Athenians in 478 BC, the cities joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. When the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
broke out in 431 BC, they remained largely neutral although they were still members of the League. By the time the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
ended in 404 BC, the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
were mostly removed from the larger Aegean conflicts, and had begun a period of relative quiet and prosperity. In 408 BC, the three cities of Rhodes
Rhodes
had united to form one state, which built a new capital on the northern end of the island, also named Rhodes; this united Rhodes was to dominate the region for the coming millennia. Other islands in the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
also developed into significant economic and cultural centers; most notably, Kos
Kos
served as the site of the school of medicine founded by Hippocrates. However, the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
had so weakened the entire Greek civilization's military strength that it lay open to invasion. In 357 BC, the islands were conquered by the king Mausolus
Mausolus
of Caria, then in 340 BC by the Persians. But this second period of Persian rule proved to be nearly as short as the first, and the islands became part of the rapidly growing Macedonian Empire as Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
swept through and defeated the Persians in 332 BC, to the great relief of the islands' inhabitants. Following the death of Alexander, the islands, and even Rhodes
Rhodes
itself, were split up among the many generals who contended to succeed him. The islands formed strong commercial ties with the Ptolemies
Ptolemies
in Egypt, and together they formed the Rhodo-Egyptian alliance which controlled trade throughout the Aegean in the 3rd century BC. Led by Rhodes, the islands developed into maritime, commercial and cultural centers: coins of Rhodes
Rhodes
circulated almost everywhere in the Mediterranean, and the islands' schools of philosophy, literature and rhetoric were famous. The Colossus of Rhodes, built in 304 BC, perhaps best symbolized their wealth and power. In 164 BC, Rhodes
Rhodes
signed a treaty with Rome, and the islands became aligned to greater or lesser extent with the Roman Republic
Roman Republic
while mostly maintaining their autonomy. Rhodes
Rhodes
quickly became a major schooling center for Roman noble families, and, as the islands (and particularly Rhodes) were important allies of Rome, they enjoyed numerous privileges and generally friendly relations. These were eventually lost in 42 BC, in the turmoil following the assassination of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar
in 44 BC, after which Cassius invaded and sacked the islands. Thereafter, they became part of the Roman Empire proper. Titus
Titus
made Rhodes
Rhodes
capital of the Provincia Insularum, and eventually the islands were joined with Crete
Crete
as part of the 18th Province of the Roman Empire. In the 1st century, Saint Paul visited the islands twice, and Saint John visited numerous times; they succeeded in converting the islands to Christianity, placing them among the first dominantly Christian regions. Saint John eventually came to reside among them, being exiled to Patmos, where he wrote his famous Revelation. Middle Ages[edit] Main articles: Cibyrrhaeot Theme
Cibyrrhaeot Theme
and Knights Hospitaller

Monastery of Saint John the Theologian, Patmos

Palace of the Grand Master of the Knights of Rhodes

As the Roman Empire split in AD 395 into Eastern and Western halves, the islands became part of the Eastern part, which later evolved into the Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire. They would remain there for nearly a thousand years, though these were punctuated by numerous invasions. It was during this period that they began to re-emerge as an independent entity, and the term Dodecanese
Dodecanese
itself dates to around the 8th century. Copious evidence of the Byzantine
Byzantine
period remains on the islands today, most notably in hundreds of churches from the period which can be seen in various states of preservation. In the 13th century, with the Fourth Crusade, Italians began invading portions of the Dodecanese, which had remained under the nominal power of the Empire of Nicea; Venetians (Querini, Cornaro) and Genoese families (Vignoli) each held some islands for brief periods, while Orthodox monks ruled on Patmos
Patmos
and Leros. Finally, in the 14th century, the Byzantine
Byzantine
era came to an end when the islands were taken by forces of the Knights Hospitaller
Knights Hospitaller
(Knights of St. John): Rhodes
Rhodes
was conquered in 1309, and the rest of the islands fell gradually over the next few decades. The Knights made Rhodes
Rhodes
their stronghold, transforming its capital into a grandiose medieval city dominated by an impressive fortress, and scattered fortresses and citadels through the rest of the islands as well. These massive fortifications proved sufficient to repel invasions by the Sultan of Egypt
Egypt
in 1444 and Mehmed II
Mehmed II
in 1480. Finally, however, the citadel at Rhodes
Rhodes
fell to the large army of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522, and the other islands were overrun within the year. The few remaining Knights fled to Malta. Ottoman rule[edit] Main article: Ottoman Greece

Suleiman mosque (view from below), Rhodes
Rhodes
(city)

Thus began a period of several hundred years in the Ottoman Empire. The Dodecanese
Dodecanese
formed a separate province within the Eyalet of the Archipelago. The population was allowed to retain a number of privileges provided it submitted to Ottoman rule. By Suleiman's edict, they paid a special tax in return for a special autonomous status that prohibited Ottoman generals from interfering in their civil affairs or mistreating the population. These guarantees, combined with a strategic location at the crossroads of Mediterranean shipping, allowed the islands to prosper. The overwhelmingly Greek population (only Rhodes
Rhodes
and Kos
Kos
had Turkish communities) leaned heavily towards Greece
Greece
following its declaration of independence in 1822, and many of the islanders joined the Greek War of Independence, with the result that the northern portion of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
(including Samos) became briefly the Greek provinces of the Eastern Sporades
Sporades
and Southern Sporades. Kasos
Kasos
in particular played a prominent role due to its skilled mariners, until its destruction by the Egyptians in 1824. Most of the islands were slated to become part of the new Greek state in the London Protocol of 1828, but when Greek independence was recognized in the London Protocol of 1830, the islands were left outside the new Kingdom of Greece. Indeed, the 19th century turned out to be one of the islands' most prosperous, and a number of mansions date from this era. Turks of the Dodecanese[edit] Main article: Turks of the Dodecanese There is a Turkish Muslim minority living in the Dodecanese, especially in Rhodes
Rhodes
and Kos, but also a few in Kalimnos. Sources have variously estimated the Turkish population of Kos
Kos
and Rhodes
Rhodes
to be 5,000,[10] 6,000,[11] or 7,000.[12] Italian rule[edit] Further information: Italian Islands of the Aegean
Italian Islands of the Aegean
and Italian colonists in the Dodecanese

Palazzo del Governo in Rhodes
Rhodes
(city), now the Prefecture of the Dodecanese.

After the outbreak of the Italian-Turkish war over Libya, in early 1912 Italy, in order to apply pressure on the Ottoman government closer to its metropolitan territories, occupied all the present-day Dodecanese
Dodecanese
except for Kastellorizo. After the end of the war according to the Treaty of Ouchy, Italy maintained the occupation of the islands as guarantee for the execution of the treaty. The occupation continued after Italy
Italy
declared war on the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
(21 August 1915) during the First World War. During the war, the islands became an important naval base for Britain and France; Italy
Italy
was allied with both nations during World War I. The Dodecanese
Dodecanese
were used as a staging area for numerous campaigns, most famously the one at Gallipoli. Some of the smaller islands were occupied by the French and British, but Rhodes
Rhodes
remained under Italian occupation. In 1915, the French also occupied Kastellorizo. Following the war, the Tittoni–Venizelos agreement, signed on July 29, 1919, called for the smaller islands to join with Greece, while Italy
Italy
maintained control of Rhodes. The treaty further outlined an exchange where Italy
Italy
would receive Antalya
Antalya
for southwest Anatolia. The Greek defeat in the Greco-Turkish War and the foundation of modern Turkey
Turkey
prevented the exchange. Italy
Italy
formally annexed the Dodecanese as the Possedimenti Italiani dell'Egeo
Possedimenti Italiani dell'Egeo
under the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne. Mussolini
Mussolini
embarked on a program of Italianization, hoping to make Rhodes
Rhodes
a modern transportation hub that would serve as a focal point for the spread of Italian culture in the Levant. The islands were overwhelmingly Greek-speaking, with a Turkish-speaking minority and an even smaller Ladino-speaking Jewish minority. Immigrant Italian speakers were a marginal language community. The Fascist program, in its many attempts to modernize the islands, eradicated malaria, and constructed hospitals, aqueducts, a power plant to provide Rhodes' capital with electric lighting, and established the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
Cadastre. The main castle of the Knights of St. John was also rebuilt. The concrete-dominated Fascist architectural style detracted significantly from the islands' picturesque scenery (and also reminded the inhabitants of Italian rule), and has consequently been largely demolished or remodeled, apart from the famous example of the Leros
Leros
town of Lakki, which remains a prime example of the architecture. From 1936 to 1940 Cesare Maria De Vecchi
Cesare Maria De Vecchi
acted as Governor of the Italian Islands of the Aegean
Italian Islands of the Aegean
promoting the official use of the Italian language
Italian language
and favoring a process of italianization, interrupted by the beginning of World War II.[13] In the 1936 Italian census of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
islands, the total population was 129,135, of which 7,015 were Italians. World War II[edit] Main article: Dodecanese
Dodecanese
campaign

WWII cemetery in Leros

During World War II, Italy
Italy
joined the Axis Powers, which used the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
as a naval staging area for their invasion of Crete
Crete
in 1941. After the surrender of Italy
Italy
in September 1943, the islands briefly became a battleground between the Germans and Allied forces, including the Italians. The Germans prevailed in the Dodecanese Campaign, and although they were driven out of mainland Greece
Greece
in 1944, the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
remained occupied until the end of the war in 1945, during which time nearly the entire Jewish population of 6,000 was deported and killed. Only 1,200 of these Ladino-speaking Jews survived by escaping to the nearby coast of Turkey. On 8 May 1945 the German garrison commander Otto Wagener
Otto Wagener
surrendered the islands to the British on Rhodes
Rhodes
handing over 5,000 German and 600 Italian military personnel.[14]

Modern fountain of Neptune in Diafáni, Karpathos

Kalymnos

Post-World War II[edit]

Symi

Leros

Astypalaia

Following the war, the islands became a British military protectorate, and were almost immediately allowed to run their own civil affairs, upon which the islands became informally united with Greece, though under separate sovereignty and military control. Despite objections from Turkey, which desired the islands as well, they were formally united with Greece
Greece
by the 1947 Peace Treaty with Italy, ending 740 years of foreign rule over the islands. As a legacy of its former status as a jurisdiction separate from Greece, it is still considered a separate "entity" for amateur radio purposes, essentially maintaining its status as an independent country "on the air." Amateur Radio call signs in the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
begin with the prefix SV5 instead of SV for Greece.[15] The 70th anniversary of the incorporation of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
within Greece
Greece
was marked in 2017,[16] with the Greek Parliament holding a special live celebratory session for the event.[17] Today, Rhodes
Rhodes
and the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
are popular travel destinations. Administration[edit] The Dodecanese
Dodecanese
Prefecture was one of the prefectures of Greece. As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis reform, the prefecture was abolished, and its territory was divided into four regional units, within the South Aegean administrative region:

Kalymnos Karpathos Kos Rhodes

Municipalities and communities[edit] The prefecture was subdivided into the following municipalities and communities. These have been reorganised at the 2011 Kallikratis reform as well.

Municipality YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code

Afantou 1205

851 03 22410-50 through 53, 56, 57

Archangelos 1202

851 02 22440-2

Astypalaia 1203

859 00 22430-4

Attavyros 1204 Empona 851 09 22460-5

Chalki 1227

851 10 22460-45

Dikaio 1206 Zipari 853 00

Ialysos 1208

851 01 22410-90 through 98

Irakleides 1207 Antimacheia 853 02 22420-6

Kallithea 1209 Kalythies 851 05 22410-6, 84 through 87

Kalymnos 1210

852 00 22430-2, 50, 59

Kameiros 1211 Soroni 851 06 22410-40 through 42

Karpathos 1212

857 00 22450-2, 3

Kasos 1213

858 00 22450-4

Kos 1214

853 00 22420-2

Lipsi 1215

850 01 22470-4

Leros 1216

854 00 22470-2

Lindos 1217

851 07 22440-2,3

Megisti/Kastellorizo 1218

851 11 22460-49

Nisyros 1219

853 03 22420-3

Patmos 1222

855 00 22470-3

Petaloudes 1223 Kremasti 851 04 22410-90 through 98

Rhodes 1224

851 00 22410-2,3,4,6,7,8

South Rhodes 1220 Gennadi 851 09 22440-4

Symi 1225

856 00 22460-70 through 72

Tilos 1226

850 02 22460-44

Community YPES code Seat (if different) Postal code Area code

Agathonisi 1201 Agathonissi 850 01 22470

Olympos 1221

857 00 22450

Provinces[edit] Until 1997, the Prefecture of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
was subdivided into provinces:

Province of Patmos
Patmos
– Patmos Province of Kalymnos
Kalymnos
– Kalymnos Province of Kos
Kos
– Kos Province of Rhodes
Rhodes
Rhodes
Rhodes
City Province of Karpathos
Karpathos
& Kasos
Kasos
– Karpathos

Cuisine[edit]

Pitaroudia, traditional food from Dodecanese.

Local specialities of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
include:

Avranies Koulouria (Κουλουρία) Pitaroudia Pouggia (Πουγγιά) Tsirigia Fanouropita (dessert) Katimeria (dessert) Melekouni (dessert) Pouggakia (dessert) Takakia or Mantinades (dessert)

Satellite image from NASA Visible Earth

See also[edit]

List of settlements in the Dodecanese

References[edit]

^ Peter Saundry, C.Michael Hogan & Steve Baum. 2011. Sea of Crete. Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds.M.Pidwirny & C.J.Cleveland. National Council for Science and Environment. Washington DC. ^ Giannopoulos 2006, pp. 275–276. ^ Giannopoulos 2006, p. 275. ^ Strabo, Geographica, X, 485: "Now at first the Cyclades
Cyclades
are said to have been only twelve in number, but later several others were added". ^ Giannopoulos 2006, pp. 276–278. ^ Giannopoulos 2006, pp. 278–280. ^ Giannopoulos 2006, pp. 280–284. ^ Giannopoulos 2006, pp. 284–294. ^ Giannopoulos 2006, p. 294. ^ AKPM, Rodos ve İstanköy Türkleri için adım attı - Dünya Haberleri. SABAH, 13 Mar 2012 ^ Yunanistan'daki Türk Varlığı ^ The Rough Guide to the Greek Islands, p. 638, at Google Books ^ The Dodecanese
Dodecanese
and the East Aegean ... p. 436. ISBN 978-1-85828-883-3. Retrieved 2009-07-19.  ^ Hearfield, John. "German surrender of the Dodecanese
Dodecanese
islands". Retrieved 23 April 2014.  ^ "European DXCC Entities". www.ng3k.com. Retrieved 18 December 2016.  ^ HIS BEATITUDE THE PATRIARCH OF JERUSALEM AT THE CEREMONY OF THE 70TH INCORPORATION ANNIVERSARY OF THE DODECANESE WITHIN GREECE. JERUSALEM PATRIARCHATE - Official News Gate. 06/03/2017. Retrieved: 8 March, 2017. ^ Watch live special session celebrating Dodecanese
Dodecanese
incorporation to Greek state (video). Protothemanews.com. Mar, 01 2017. Retrieved: 8 March, 2017.

Sources[edit]

Carabott, P. J. (1993). "The Temporary Italian Occupation of the Dodecanese: A Prelude to Permanency". Diplomacy and Statecraft. 4 (2): 285–312.  Doumanis, Nicholas (2005). "Italians as Good Colonizers: Speaking Subalterns and the Politics of Memory in the Dodecanese". In Ben-Ghiat, Ruth; Fuller, Mia. Italian Colonialism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 0-312-23649-2.  Giannopoulos, Giannis (2006). "Δωδεκάνησος, η γένεση ενός ονόματος και η αντιμετώπισή του από τους Ιταλούς" [Dodecanese, the genesis of a name and the Italian approach]. Ἑῶα καὶ Ἑσπέρια (in Greek). 6: 275–296. doi:10.12681/eoaesperia.78. ISSN 2241-7540. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dodecanese.

Dodecanese
Dodecanese
Official website of the Greek National Tourism Organisation

v t e

Dodecanese
Dodecanese
Islands

The 12 major islands

Astypalaia Kalymnos Karpathos Kasos Kastellorizo
Kastellorizo
(Megisti) Kos Leros Nisyros Patmos Rhodes Symi Tilos

Minor islands

Adelfoi Syrnas Islets Agathonisi Agioi Theodoroi Halkis Agreloussa Alimia Antitilos Anydros Patmou Archangelos Arefoussa Arkoi Armathia Astakida Chalavra Chalki Chamili Chiliomodi Patmou Chondros Chteni Faradonesia Farmakonisi Fokionisia Fragos Gaidaros Glaros Kinarou Gyali Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalovolos Kamilonisi Kandeloussa Karavolas Rodou Kinaros Koubelonisi Kouloundros Kouloura Leipson Kounoupoi Koutsomytis Leipsoi Levitha Makronisi Kasou Makronisi Leipson Makry Aspronisi Leipson Makry Halkis Marathos Marmaras Mavra Levithas Megalo Aspronisi Leipson Megalo Glaronisi Megalo Sofrano Mesonisi Seirinas Mikro Glaronisi Mikro Sofrano Nimos Pacheia Nisyrou Pergoussa Piganoussa Pitta Plati Pserimou Plati Symis Pontikousa Prasonisi Prasouda Pserimos Safonidi Ro Saria Seirina Sesklio Strongyli Kritinias Strongyli Megistis Telendos Tragonisi Zaforas

v t e

Aegean Sea

General

Countries

 Greece  Turkey

Other

Aegean civilizations Aegean dispute Aegean Islands

Aegean Islands

Cyclades

Amorgos Anafi Andros Antimilos Antiparos Delos Despotiko Donousa Folegandros Gyaros Ios Irakleia Kardiotissa Kea Keros Kimolos Koufonisia Kythnos Milos Mykonos Naxos Paros Polyaigos Rineia Santorini Schoinoussa Serifopoula Serifos Sifnos Sikinos Syros Therasia Tinos Vous

Dodecanese

Agathonisi Arkoi Armathia Alimia Astakida Astypalaia Çatalada Chamili Farmakonisi Gaidaros Gyali Halki Imia/Kardak Kalolimnos Kalymnos Kandelioussa Kara Ada Karpathos Kasos Kinaros Kos Küçük Tavşan Adası Leipsoi
Leipsoi
(Lipsi) Leros Levitha
Levitha
(Lebynthos) Nimos Nisyros Pacheia Patmos Platy Pserimos Rhodes Salih Ada Saria Symi Syrna Telendos Tilos Zaforas

North Aegean

Agios Efstratios Agios Minas Ammouliani Ayvalık Islands Büyük Ada Chios Chryse Cunda Foça Islands Fournoi Korseon Icaria Imbros Koukonesi Lemnos Lesbos Metalik Ada Nisiopi Oinousses Pasas Psara Samiopoula Samos Samothrace Tenedos Thasos Thymaina Uzunada Zourafa

Saronic

Aegina Agios Georgios Agistri Dokos Hydra Poros Psyttaleia Salamis Spetses

Sporades

Adelfoi Islets Agios Georgios Skopelou Alonnisos Argos Skiathou Dasia Erinia Gioura Grammeza Kyra Panagia Lekhoussa Peristera Piperi Psathoura Repi Sarakino Skandili Skantzoura Skiathos Skopelos Skyropoula Skyros Tsoungria Valaxa

Cretan

Afentis Christos Agia Varvara Agioi Apostoloi Agioi Pantes Agioi Theodoroi Agios Nikolaos Anavatis Arnaouti Aspros Volakas Avgo Crete Daskaleia Dia Diapori Dionysades Elasa Ftena Trachylia Glaronisi Gramvousa Grandes Kalydon (Spinalonga) Karavi Karga Katergo Kavallos Kefali Kolokythas Koursaroi Kyriamadi Lazaretta Leon Mavros Mavros
Mavros
Volakas Megatzedes Mochlos Nikolos Palaiosouda Peristeri Peristerovrachoi Petalida Petalouda Pontikaki Pontikonisi Praso (Prasonisi) Prosfora Pseira Sideros Souda Valenti Vryonisi

Other

Antikythera Euboea Kythira Makronisos

v t e

Prefectures of Greece

By name

Achaea
Achaea
and Elis Achaea Adrianoplea Aetolia-Acarnania Arcadia Argolis
Argolis
and Corinthia Argolis Argyrokastronb Arta Attica and Boeotia Atticac Boeotia Cephalonia Chalkidiki Chania Chios Corfu Corinthia Cyclades Dodecanese Dramad Elis Euboea Evrosd Evrytania Florina Grevena Heraklion Imathia Ioannina Kallipolisa Karditsa Kastoria Kavalad Kilkis Korytsab Kozani Lacedaemon Laconia Lakoniki Larissa Lasithi Lefkada Lesbos Magnesia Messenia Pella Phocis
Phocis
and Locris Phocis Phthiotis
Phthiotis
and Phocis Phthiotis Pieria Piraeus Preveza Rethymno Rhaedestosa Rhodoped Samos Saranta Ekklisiesa Serres Sfakia Thesprotia Thessaloniki Trikala Trifylia Xanthid Zakynthos

By year established

1800s

1833 Achaea
Achaea
and Elis Aetolia-Acarnania Arcadia Argolis
Argolis
and Corinthia Attica and Boeotia Cyclades Euboea Laconia Messenia Phocis
Phocis
and Locris 1845 Phthiotis
Phthiotis
and Phocis 1864 Corfu Kefallinia Lefkada Zakynthos 1882 Arta Larissa Trikala 1899 Achaea Argolis Atticac Boeotia Corinthia Elis Evrytania Karditsa Lacedaemon Lakoniki Magnesia Phocis Phthiotis Trifylia

1900s

1912 Chania Heraklion Lasithi Rethymno Sfakia 1914 Thessaloniki 1915 Argyrokastronb Chalkidiki Chios Dramad Florina Ioannina Kavalad Korytsab Kozani Lesbos Preveza Samos Serres 1920 Adrianoplea Evrosd Kallipolisa Rhaedestosa Rhodoped Saranta Ekklisiesa 1930–1944 Pella Kilkis Thesprotia Kastoria Xanthid 1947 Dodecanese Imathia Pieria 1964 Grevena Piraeus

a In Eastern Thrace or b Northern Epirus, outside present-day Greece. c From 1971, Attica consisted of four prefecture-level units: Athens, East Attica, Piraeus and West Attica. From 1994, Athens and Piraeus were grouped into a single super-prefecture. d From 1994, Drama / Kavala / Xanthi and Evros / Rhodope prefectures were grouped into super-prefectures.

Coordinates: 36°22′23″N 27°13′05″E / 36.373°N 27.218°E / 36.373; 27.218

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 143198920 LCCN: n90687

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