HOME
The Info List - Dicynodon





†D. lacerticeps Owen, 1845 (type) †D. huenei Haughton, 1932

Synonyms

See below

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
("Two Dog-teeth") is a type of dicynodont therapsid that flourished during the Late Permian
Permian
period. Like all dicynodonts, it was herbivorous. This animal was toothless, except for prominent tusks, hence the name. It probably cropped vegetation with a horny beak, much like a tortoise, while the tusks may have been used for digging up roots and tubers. Many species of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
have been named, and the genus is considered a wastebasket taxon. A 2011 study of the genus found most of the species to represent a paraphyletic grouping, with the only valid members of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
being D. lacerticeps and D. huenei.[1]

Contents

1 Description 2 Species 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Description[edit]

Restoration of D. lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
was a medium-sized and advanced member of the Dicynodont group. It had an average length of 1.2 metres (3.9 ft), although size differed among species. Its fossil remains have been found in sediments of latest Permian
Permian
age in South Africa
South Africa
and Tanzania. The type species is Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps Owen, 1845. A large number of species have since been placed in this genus, some of which turned out to be synonyms of other species, others have been moved to different genera. Species[edit] Two species of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
are currently recognized: the type species D. lacerticeps from South Africa
South Africa
and the species D. huenei from Tanzania. Since the genus was first named, over 160 species have been assigned to Dicynodon. A 2011 study of the genus found 11 of these species to be valid, although most are now assigned to other dicynodont genera.[1] Below is a list of all species that have ever been assigned to Dicynodon. Since their naming, most have been considered as synonymous with other dicynodont species. Names in bold are still referable to Dicynodon.

Species Authority Age Location Unit Status

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
acutirostris Broom, 1935 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
aetorhamphus Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
alfredi (Owen, 1862) Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
declivis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
allani Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
alticeps Broom and Haughton, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Sintocephalus alticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
amalitzkii Sushkin, 1926 Late Permian  Russia Upper Vyatkian Valid as Peramodon amalitzkii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
andrewsi Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
annae Sushkin, 1926 Late Permian  Russia Upper Vyatkian Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Vivaxosaurus
Vivaxosaurus
trautscholdi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
anneae Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dinanomodon
Dinanomodon
gilli

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
antjiesfonteinensis Toerien, 1953 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
bainii Owen, 1845 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Aulacephalodon
Aulacephalodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
bathyrhynchus von Huene, 1942 Late Permian  Tanzania Upper Usili Formation Valid as Euptychognathus bathyrhynchus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
benjamini Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid as Keyseria benjamini

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
bogdaensis King, 1988 Late Permian  China Guodikeng Formation Valid as Turfanodon
Turfanodon
bogdaensis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
bolorhinoides Watson, 1960 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Aulacephalodon
Aulacephalodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
bolorhinus Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
brachyrhynchus Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
breviceps Haughton, 1915 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
brevirostris Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
broomi Broili and Schröder, 1937 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
broilii Boonstra, 1948 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
cadlei Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
calverleyi Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Basilodon woodwardi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
cavifrons Broom and Haughton, 1917 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
clarencei Broom, 1950 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodontoides
Dicynodontoides
recurvidens

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
copei Seeley, 1889 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
murrayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
cordylus Lydekker, 1889 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
corstorphinei Broom and Haughton, 1917 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
curtus Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
curvatus Owen, 1876 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
curvatus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
cyclops Haughton, 1917 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
daptocephaloides Toerien, 1955 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
declivis Owen, 1860 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
declivis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
depressus (Owen, 1876) Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
declivis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
dubius Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Valid as Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
duffianus von Huene, 1940 Late Permian  Scotland Cutties Hillock Sandstone Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Gordonia traquairi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
dunnii Seeley, 1889 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
dutoiti Broom and Schepers, 1937 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
duvenhagei Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodontoides
Dicynodontoides
recurvidens

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
euryceps Boonstra, 1938 Late Permian  Zambia Upper Madumabisa Mudstone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
feliceps Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid as Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
galecephalus Broom and Robinson, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dinanomodon
Dinanomodon
gilli

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
gamkaensis Broom, 1937 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
gilli Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Dinanomodon
Dinanomodon
gilli

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
glaucops Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
graaffi Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
gracilis Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodontoides
Dicynodontoides
recurvidens

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
grahami Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
grandis Haughton, 1917 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Incertae sedis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
greyii Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
grimbeeki Broom, 1935 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
grossarthi Broili and Schröder, 1937 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
halli Watson, 1914 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
hartzenbergi Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Incertae sedis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
haughtonianus von Huene, 1931 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
helenae Boonstra, 1938 Late Permian  Zambia Upper Madumabisa Mudstone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
howardi Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodontoides
Dicynodontoides
recurvidens

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
huenei Haughton, 1932 Late Permian  Tanzania Upper Usili Formation Valid

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
huxleyanus von Huene, 1940 Late Permian  United Kingdom Cutties Hillock Sandstone Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Gordonia traquairi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
ictidops Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
ictinops Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Emydops
Emydops
arctatus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
incisivum Repelin, 1923 Late Permian  Laos "Purple beds" Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
ingens Broom, 1907 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
jouberti Broom, 1905 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone
Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone
or Pristerognathus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
juddianus von Huene, 1940 Late Permian  United Kingdom Cutties Hillock Sandstone Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Gordonia traquairi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
kitchingi Broom, 1937 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
kolbei Broom, 1912 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps Owen, 1845 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
laticeps Broom, 1912 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Aulacephalodon
Aulacephalodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
latifrons Broom, 1899 Middle Triassic  South Africa Cynognathus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Kannemeyeria
Kannemeyeria
simocephala

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
latirostris Owen, 1860 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
declivis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
leoniceps Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid as Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
leontocephalus Broom, 1950 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
leontops Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
leptorhinus Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
leptoscelus Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
limbus Lucas, 1998 Late Permian  China Naobaogou Formation Valid as Daqingshanodon limbus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lissops Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
locusticeps von Huene, 1942 Late Permian  Tanzania Upper Usili Formation Valid as Geikia
Geikia
locusticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
luangwanensis Boonstra, 1938 Late Permian  Tanzania Upper Usili Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
luckhoffi Broom, 1937 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lutriceps Broom, 1912 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
maccabei Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
macrodon Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dinanomodon
Dinanomodon
gilli

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
macrorhynchus Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
magnus Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Rhachiocephalus magnus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
marlothi von Huene, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
megalops Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
megalorhinus Broom, 1913 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
microdon Broom, 1936 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Basilodon woodwardi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
microrhynchus von Huene, 1931 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Pristerodon
Pristerodon
mackayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
microtrema Seeley, 1889 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
milletti Broom, 1928 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
moschops Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid as Pelanomodon
Pelanomodon
moschops

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
moutonae Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
murrayi Huxley, 1859 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
murrayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
mustoi Haughton, 1915 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
nanus Broom, 1936 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
nesemanni Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
njalilus von Huene, 1942 Middle Triassic  South Africa Manda Beds Valid as Tetragonias
Tetragonias
njalilus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
nowacki von Huene, 1942 Late Permian  Zambia Usili Formation Valid as Dicynodontoides
Dicynodontoides
nowacki

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
orientalis Huxley, 1865 Early Triassic  India Panchet Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
murrayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
osborni Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
oweni Lydekker, 1889 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
pachyrhynchus Broom, 1913 Middle Triassic  South Africa Cynognathus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Kannemeyeria
Kannemeyeria
simocephala

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
parabreviceps Boonstra, 1938 Late Permian  Zambia Upper Madumabisa Mudstone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
pardiceps Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
parvidens Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
planus Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
platyceps Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
platyfrons Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
prognathus Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
pseudojouberti Boonstra, 1948 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
psittacops Broom, 1912 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
pygmaeus Broom and Haughton, 1917 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Pristerodon
Pristerodon
mackayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
raniceps Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Pristerodon
Pristerodon
mackayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
rectidens Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
recurvidens Owen, 1876 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid as Dicynodontoides
Dicynodontoides
recurvidens

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
richardi Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
roberti Boonstra, 1938 Late Permian  Zambia Upper Madumabisa Mudstone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Syops vanhoepeni

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
robertsi Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
robustus Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
rogersi Broom and Haughton, 1917 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
rosmarus Cope, 1870 Late Triassic  USA Lockatong Formation Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
rossicus Sushkin, 1926 Late Permian  Russia Upper Vyatkian Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Vivaxosaurus
Vivaxosaurus
trautscholdi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
rubidgei Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
scheepersi Broom, 1948 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Rhachiocephalus magnus

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
schroederi Toerien, 1953 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Robertia
Robertia
broomiana

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
schwarzi Broom, 1919 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
scopulusa Lucas, 1998 Late Permian  China Quanzijie Formation Incertae sedis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
seeleyi Broili, 1908 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
sidneyi Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Pelanomodon
Pelanomodon
moschops

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
simocephalus Weithofer, 1888 Middle Triassic  South Africa Cynognathus Assemblage Zone Valid as Kannemeyeria
Kannemeyeria
simocephala

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
sinkianensis Yuan and Young, 1934 Late Permian  China Guodikeng Formation Valid as Jimusaria
Jimusaria
sinkianensis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
sollasi Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
strigiceps Owen, 1845 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
strigops Broom, 1913 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
sunanensis Li et al., 2000 Late Permian  China Guodikeng Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Turfanodon
Turfanodon
bogdaensis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
swierstrai Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Pristerodon
Pristerodon
mackayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
taoshuyuanensis King, 1988 Late Permian  China Guodikeng Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Jimusaria
Jimusaria
sinkianensis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
taylori Broom, 1932 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
tealei Haughton, 1932 Late Permian  Tanzania Usili Formation Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
tener von Huene, 1935 Middle - Late Triassic  Brazil Santa Maria Formation Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
testudiceps Owen, 1845 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
testudirostris Broom and Haughton, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
tienshanensis Sun, 1973 Late Permian  China Guodikeng Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
tigriceps Owen, 1855 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Aulacephalodon
Aulacephalodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
traquairi von Huene, 1940 Late Permian  United Kingdom Cutties Hillock Sandstone Formation Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Gordonia traquairi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
trautscholdi Amalitzky, 1922 Late Permian  Russia Upper Vyatkian Valid as Vivaxosaurus
Vivaxosaurus
trautscholdi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
trigoniceps Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Pristerodon
Pristerodon
mackayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
trigonocephalus Broom, 1940 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
lacerticeps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
truncatus Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
Cistecephalus Assemblage Zone
or Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
turpior von Huene, 1935 Late Triassic  Brazil Santa Maria Formation Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
tylorhinus Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Incertae sedis

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
validus Broom, 1935 Late Permian  South Africa Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Tropidostoma
Tropidostoma
dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
vanderbyli Broom, 1928 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
vanderhorsti Toerien, 1953 Middle Permian  South Africa Tapinocephalus Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Diictodon
Diictodon
feliceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
vanhoepeni Boonstra, 1938 Late Permian  Zambia Upper Madumabisa Mudstone Valid as Syops vanhoepeni

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
venteri Broom, 1935 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Nomen dubium

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
venyukovi Sushkin, 1926 Late Permian  Russia Upper Vyatkian Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Vivaxosaurus
Vivaxosaurus
trautscholdi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
verticalis Owen, 1860 Early Triassic  South Africa Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Lystrosaurus
Lystrosaurus
murrayi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
watsoni Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Daptocephalus
Daptocephalus
leoniceps

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
weatherbyi Broom, 1941 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Basilodon woodwardi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
wellwoodensis Broom, 1936 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
whaitsi Broom, 1913 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Valid as Odontocyclops
Odontocyclops
whaitsi

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
whitsonae Toerien, 1954 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Dinanomodon
Dinanomodon
gilli

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
wilmanae Broom, 1928 Late Permian  South Africa Cistecephalus
Cistecephalus
Assemblage Zone Junior synonym
Junior synonym
of Oudenodon
Oudenodon
bainii

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
woodwardi Broom, 1921 Late Permian  South Africa Dicynodon
Dicynodon
Assemblage Zone Valid as Basilodon woodwardi

See also[edit]

Paleontology portal

List of synapsids Dicynodont

References[edit]

^ a b Kammerer, C.F.; Angielczyk, K.D.; Fröbisch, J. (2011). "A comprehensive taxonomic revision of Dicynodon
Dicynodon
(Therapsida, Anomodontia) and its implications for dicynodont phylogeny, biogeography, and biostratigraphy". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 31 (Suppl. 1): 1–158. doi:10.1080/02724634.2011.627074. 

This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (March 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Angielczyk, Kenneth D.; Kurkin, Andrey A. (October 2003). "Phylogenetic analysis of Russian Permian
Permian
dicynodonts (Therapsida: Anomodontia): implications for Permian
Permian
biostratigraphy and Pangaean biogeography". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 139 (2): 157–212. doi:10.1046/j.1096-3642.2003.00081.x.  Lucas, S. G., 2005, Dicynodon
Dicynodon
(Reptilia: Therapsida) from the Upper Permian
Permian
of Russia: biochronologic significance: In: The Nonmarine Permian; edited by Lucas, S. G., and Zeigler, K. E., New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science, Bulletin 30, p. 192-196.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dicynodon.

Dicynodon
Dicynodon
- Mikko's Phylogeny archive (list of species and cladogram)

v t e

Anomodonts

Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Synapsida Order: Therapsida (unranked): Neotherapsida

Major clades

Chainosauria Dicynodontia Therochelonia Bidentalia Pristerodontia Dicynodontoidea

Early anomodonts

Basal anomodonts

Biseridens Patranomodon

Anomocephaloidea

Anomocephalus Tiarajudens

Venyukovioidea

Otsheridae

Otsheria Suminia

Venyukoviidae

Ulemica Venyukovia

Chainosauria

Galechirus Galeops Galepus Dicynodontia

Dicynodontia

Basal dicynodonts

Colobodectes Eodicynodon

Endothiodontia
Endothiodontia
/ Endothiodontidae

Chelydontops Endothiodon Lanthanostegus Pachytegos

Eumantellidae

 ?Emyduranus  ?Eurychororhinus Pristerodon  ?Storthyggnathus  ?Synostocephalus

Therochelonia

Diictodontia

Pylaecephalidae

Diictodon Eosimops  ?Koupia Prosictodon Robertia

Emydopoidea

Brachyprosopus Compsodon Cryptocynodon

Emydopidae

Emydops

Kistecephalia

Cistecephalidae

Cistecephaloides Cistecephalus Kawingasaurus

Kingoriidae

Dicynodontoides Kombuisia Niassodon

Myosauridae

Myosaurus

Bidentalia

Cryptodontia

Daqingshanodon Idelesaurus Keyseria Odontocyclops

Oudenodontidae

Australobarbarus Oudenodon Tropidostoma

Rhachiocephalidae

Kitchinganomodon Rhachiocephalus

Geikiidae

Bulbasaurus Syops

Geikiinae

Aulacephalodon Geikia Pelanomodon

Dicynodontoidea Pristerodontia

Dicynodontoidea

Lystrosauridae

Basilodon Euptychognathus Jimusaria Kwazulusaurus Lystrosaurus Sintocephalus

Other dicynodontoids

Daptocephalus Delectosaurus Dicynodon Dinanomodon Elph Gordonia Interpresosaurus Katumbia Peramodon  ?Propelanomodon Turfanodon Vivaxosaurus Kannemeyeriiformes

Kannemeyeriiformes

Dinodontosauridae

Dinodontosaurus

Kannemeyeriidae

Kannemeyeria

Shansiodontidae

Shansiodon Tetragonias Vinceria Rhinodicynodon

Stahleckeriidae

Sungeodon

Placeriinae

Moghreberia Placerias Zambiasaurus

Stahleckeriinae

Eubrachiosaurus Ischigualastia Jachaleria Sangusaurus Stahleckeria

Other kannemeyeriforms

Angonisaurus Dolichuranus Parakannemeyeria Rabidosaurus Rechnisaurus Rhadiodromus Sinokannemeyeria Uralokannemeyeria Wadiasaurus Xiyukannemeyeria

Related categories

Anomodonts

.