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Type Species
In zoological nomenclature The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) is a widely accepted Convention (norm), convention in zoology that rules the formal scientific name, scientific naming of organisms treated as animals. It is also informally known as the IC ..., a type species (''species typica'') is the species In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechanis ... name with which the name of a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus classification#ICTV classification, viruses. In the hierarchy of biolog ... or subgenus is considered to be permanently taxonomically associated, i.e., the species that contains the biological ty ...
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Cygnus Cygnus EM1B8407 (33625656403) (2)
Cygnus is the Latin word for swan and may refer to: Astronomy * Cygnus (constellation), a northern constellation ** Cygnus A, a radio galaxy within the constellation ** Cygnus X (star complex), a star complex within the constellation ** Cygnus X-1, a binary system within the constellation ** Cygnus X-3, a binary system within the constellation Business & industry * Cygnus 20, a Canadian sailboat design * Cygnus (spacecraft), ''Cygnus'' (spacecraft), a space vehicle developed by Orbital Sciences Corporation and Thales Alenia Space * Cygnus Air or Gestair Cargo, a Spanish cargo airline * Cygnus Business Media, a U.S.-based business-to-business publishing company * Cygnus Solutions, a company that provided commercial support for free software and the original developer of Cygwin Other uses * Cygnus (genus), ''Cygnus'' (genus), the genus of most swans * Cygnus (mythology) or Cycnus, a number of characters in Greek mythology * Cygnus X-1 (song series), a 1977–1978 two-part song s ...
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Monacha Cartusiana
''Monacha cartusiana'' is a species of small air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. Helix cartusiana var. depressa Caziot, 1909 (invalid; preoccupied) Monacha (Monacha) cartusiana (O. F. Müller, 1774)· accepted, alternate representation This is the type species of the genus ''Monacha''. Distribution The native distribution of this species is Atlantic-Mediterranean Basin, Mediterranean. It lives in various areas including: * List of non-marine molluscs of Great Britain, Great Britain. This species was fully protected in the United Kingdom under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 from 1981 to 1988. * List of non-marine molluscs of Ukraine, UkraineBalashov I. & Gural-Sverlova N. 2012. An annotated checklist of the terrestrial molluscs of Ukraine. ''Journal of Conchology''. 41 (1): 91-109. This species has been accidentally introduced and naturalized in: * United ...
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Paratype
In zoology Zoology ()The pronunciation of zoology as is usually regarded as nonstandard, though it is not uncommon. is the branch of biology that studies the Animal, animal kingdom, including the anatomy, structure, embryology, evolution, Biological class ... and botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek wo ..., a paratype is a specimen of an organism that helps define what the scientific name In taxonomy Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may also refer to a specific classification scheme. Originally used only ... of a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank o ...
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Holotype
A holotype is a single physical example (or illustration) of an organism In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological me ..., known to have been used when the species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individu ... (or lower-ranked taxon In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechani ...) was formally described. It is either the single such physical example (or illustration) or one ...
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Genetypes
Genetypes is a taxonomic concept proposed in 2010 to describe any genetic sequence, genetic sequences from type (biology), type specimens. This nomenclature integrates molecular systematics and terms used in Taxonomy (biology), biological taxonomy. This nomenclature is designed to label, or flag, genetic sequences that were sampled from type specimens. The nomenclature of genetypes proposes that genetic sequences from a holotype should be referred to as a “hologenetype” (from “holotype” and “genetype”), sequences from a topotype should be a “topogenetype”, and so forth. In addition, the genetic marker(s) used should be incorporated into the nomenclature (e.g. paragenetype ND2). The genetypes nomenclatural system could be used to flag “gold standard” sequences that due to their direct link to type specimens will be more credible than standard sequences whose species identification may be problematic. Misidentifications plague many sequences on GenBank and having ...
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Glossary Of Scientific Naming
This is a list of terms and symbols used in scientific name In taxonomy Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may also refer to a specific classification scheme. Originally used only ...s for organisms, and in describing the names. For proper parts of the names themselves, see List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names This list of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names is intended to help those unfamiliar with classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, inclu .... Note that many of the abbreviations are used with or without a stop. Naming standards and taxonomic organizations and their codes and taxonomies * ICTV – International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV) authori ...
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Hypericum
''Hypericum'' is a genus of flowering plants in the family (biology), family Hypericaceae (formerly considered a subfamily of Clusiaceae). The genus has a nearly worldwide distribution, missing only from tropical lowlands, deserts and Polar region, polar regions. Many ''Hypericum'' species are regarded as invasive species and noxious weeds. All members of the genus may be referred to as St. John's wort, and some are known as goatweed. The white or pink flowered marsh St. John's worts of North American and eastern Asia are generally accepted as belonging to the separate genus ''Triadenum''. ''Hypericum'' is unusual for a genus of its size because a worldwide taxonomic monograph was produced for it by Norman Robson (botanist), Norman Robson (working at the Natural History Museum, London). Robson recognizes 36 sections within ''Hypericum''. Description ''Hypericum'' species are quite variable in habit, occurring as trees, shrubs, annuals, and perennials. Trees in the sense of si ...
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Hypericum Aegypticum
''Hypericum aegypticum'' is a species of flowering plant of the St. John's Wort Family (biology), family (Hypericaceae) which is native to coastal Mediterranean regions. It was described by Carl Linnaeus in his ''Species Plantarum'' in 1753, and the Specific epithet (botany), specific epithet he gave it means "from Egypt". In English, the plant is known as Shrubby St. John's Wort or Egyptian St. John's Wort. A shrub or shrublet of varying heights, the species can be found among limestone rocks in coastal Mediterranean Sea, Mediterranean regions. The species is notable for its heterostyly, a trait which within the ''Hypericum'' genus is unique to Hypericum sect. Adenotrias, section ''Adenotrias''. Description ''Hypericum aegypticum'' is a shrub or shrublet that varies in height from 0.05 to 2 meters tall. It has many branches and can be busy or spreading, with the branches erect to divergent. Stems The Plant stem, stems of ''Hypericum aegypticum'' are usually two lined, but ...
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Homarus Gammarus
''Homarus gammarus'', known as the European lobster or common lobster, is a species of clawed lobster Lobsters are a family In human society, family (from la, familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth) or affinity (by marriage or other relationship). The purpose of families is to maintain the ... from the eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by and and , on the south by , and on the east by the . The Sea has played a central role in the . Although the Mediterrane ... and parts of the Black Sea , with the skyline of Batumi Batumi (; ka, ბათუმი ) is the second largest city of Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia ( ka, საქართველო; ''Sakartvelo''; ) is a country locat .... It is closely related to the American lobster The ...
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Homarus Marinus
''Homarus gammarus'', known as the European lobster or common lobster, is a species of lobster, clawed lobster from the eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and parts of the Black Sea. It is closely related to the American lobster, ''H. americanus''. It may grow to a length of and a mass of , and bears a conspicuous pair of claws. In life the lobsters are blue, only becoming "lobster red" on cooking. Mating occurs in the summer, producing egg (biology), eggs which are carried by the females for up to a year before hatching into planktonic crustacean larvae, larvae. ''Homarus gammarus'' is a highly esteemed food, and is widely lobster fishing, caught using lobster trap, lobster pots, mostly around the British Isles. Description ''Homarus gammarus'' is a large crustacean, with a body length up to and weighing up to , although the lobsters caught in lobster trap, lobster pots are usually long and weigh . Like other crustaceans, lobsters have a hard exoskeleton which th ...
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Astacus Marinus
''Homarus gammarus'', known as the European lobster or common lobster, is a species of lobster, clawed lobster from the eastern Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea and parts of the Black Sea. It is closely related to the American lobster, ''H. americanus''. It may grow to a length of and a mass of , and bears a conspicuous pair of claws. In life the lobsters are blue, only becoming "lobster red" on cooking. Mating occurs in the summer, producing egg (biology), eggs which are carried by the females for up to a year before hatching into planktonic crustacean larvae, larvae. ''Homarus gammarus'' is a highly esteemed food, and is widely lobster fishing, caught using lobster trap, lobster pots, mostly around the British Isles. Description ''Homarus gammarus'' is a large crustacean, with a body length up to and weighing up to , although the lobsters caught in lobster trap, lobster pots are usually long and weigh . Like other crustaceans, lobsters have a hard exoskeleton which th ...
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Annual Review Of Entomology
The ''Annual Review of Entomology'' is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes review articles about entomology, the study of insects. First published in 1956 from a collaboration between the Entomological Society of America and Annual Reviews (publisher), Annual Reviews, its longest-serving editors are Thomas E. Mittler (1967–1997) and May Berenbaum (1998–2018). As of 2019, it has an impact factor of 13.796. History In 1953, a committee within the Entomological Society of America examined the volume of literature published each year in the field and recommended that a journal be established that published review articles. The Entomological Society approached the nonprofit publisher Annual Reviews (publisher), Annual Reviews, which also agreed that there was a need for a review series in entomology. The ''Annual Review of Entomology'' published its first volume in 1956, making it the tenth title published by Annual Reviews. At first, the ESA remained involved with t ...
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